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THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 



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CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



LEPIDOPTERA PHALilNJl 



IN THE 



BRITISH MUSEUM 



VOLUME III. 



LONDON: 

FEINTED BY ORDER OE THE TRUSTEES. 

1901. 

(All rights reserved.) 



CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



ARCTIAD^ 

(ARCTIAN^) 



AND 



AGARISTIDiE 



IN THE 



COLLECTION 

i-^wb^fdl OF THE 

'^ BRITISH MUSEUM. 



BY 



Sir GEORGE F. HAMPSON, Bart. 



LONDON: 
PRINTED BY ORDER OP THE TRUSTEES. 

SOLD BY 

LONGMANS & Co., 39 PATEENOSTEE EOW, E.G. ; 
B. QUAEITCH, 15 PICCADILLY, W. ; DULAU & Co., 37 SOHO SQUAEE, W. ; 
KEGAN PAUL, TEENCH, TEUBNEE & Co., CHAEING CEOSS EOAD, W.C. ; 

AND AT THE 

BEITISH MUSEUM (NATUEAL HISTOEY), CEOMWELL EOAD, S.W. 

1901. 




PEINTED BY TAYLOll AND FRANCIS, 
RKD LION COURT, FLEET STREET. 



PREFACE. 



The subject of the 3rd volume of the Catalogue of Lepidoptera 
Phalcence is the last of the three subfamilies of the Arctiadce — the 
Arctiance, in which 946 species are described and classified ; the 
Volume also contains the small family Agaristidce, with 225 species, 
a somewhat specialized development from the Noctuidce, the antennae 
being modified in relation to their day-flying habits. 

Since the death of Dr. Staudinger his collection has not been 
available for study, and it has not been possible to examine a few 
of the Palsearctic and JS'eotropical types of Aixtiance which he had 
kindly promised to send to London, as he had so liberally done on 
former occasions ; nearly the whole of them had, however, already 
been examined and, as will be seen by the list on pp. 513, 514, but 
few remain the classification of which is uncertain. 

I have again to thank all those who had assisted Sir George 
Hampson in the preparation of the former volumes, for their help 
with this one ; also M. Ch. Oberthiir of Rennes, Herr G. Weymer 
of Elberfeld, and Dr. Carlos Berg of Buenos Ayres, for the loan of 
types described by them. 

E. RAY LANKESTER, 

Director. 
British Museum (Natural History), 
June 20tb, 1901. 



4500 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Subfam. Abctian^ .... 1 

Thyrarctia, Hmpsn 9 

1194. cedo-nulli {Stoll) 9 

Kobinsonia, Grote 10 

1195. sabata, Bruce 10 

1196. grotei, Schaus 10 

1197. deiopea, Druce 11 

1198. poljplagia, Schaus .... 11 

1199. sanea, Druce 12 

1200. flavomarginata, Druce . . 12 

1201. lefaivrei, Schaus ...... 12 

1202. formula, Grote 13 

Neidalia, Hrnpsti 13 

3203. villacresi (Doffn.) 13 

Idalus, Wlk 14 

1204. citraria, Dogn 14 

1205. rosea {Schaus) 15 

1205 a. venata, Dogn 609 

1206. lineata (Druce) 15 

1207. bippia {Stoil) 16 

1208. ortus, Schaus 16 

1209. admirabilis, Cram 17 

1210. xanthia, Hmpsn 17 

1211. picbesensis, Di/ar .... 18 

1212. daga(i)o^n.) 18 

1213. pandama (Druce) 19 

Aphyle, Wlk 19 

1214. margaritacea, Wlk 19 

1215. incarnata, H7npsn 20 

Phaeomolis, Hmpsn 20 

1216. obscurata {Butl.) 21 

Prumala, Schaus 21 

1217. aryllis {Schaus) 21 

1218. lophocampoides (Feld.) 22 

1219. maciilicincta, Hmps?i. . . 22 

1220. jamaicensis, Schaus .... 23 

1221. ameoides (Butl.) 23 

1222. jalapa {Drtice) 24 

1223. saturata ( Wlk.) 24 

1224. albicoUis (Feld.) 24 

1225. fogra (Schaus) 25 

1226. ilus (Cram.) 26 



Page 

Premolis, Hmpsn 26 

1227. semirufa ( Wlk.) 26 

Eupseudosoma, Grote 27 

1228. bifasciata (Craw.) .... 27 

1229. involuta (Sepp) 27 

1230. agramma, Hmpsn 29 

Neaxia, Hmpsn 30 

1231. tbeon (Druce) 30 

Eriostepta, Hmpsn 30 

1232. roseireta, Hmpsn 31 

Demolis, Hmpsn 31 

1233. albicostata, Hmpsn 31 

Amaxia, Wlk 32 

1234. osmophora, Hmpsn. . . 32 

1235. apyga, Hmpsn 33 

1236. dyuna, Schaus 33 

1237. erythropbleps, Hmpsn. . 34 

1238. chaon (Druce) 34 

1239. pyga, Schaus 35 

1240. hebe, Schaus 35 

1241. pardalis, Wlk 35 

1242. divisa (Herr.-Schdff.) . . 36 
Evius(^/A;.) 36 

1243. aurococcinea, Wlk 36 

Neonerita, Hmpsn 37 

1244. dorsipuncta, Hmpsn. . . 37 
Araeomolis, Hmpsn 38 

1245. rhodographa, Hmpsn. . . 38 
Parevia, Hmpsn 38 

1246. sisenna {Druce) 39 

Automolis, Hubn 39 

1247. critheis {Druce) 40 

1248. larissa (Druce) 40 

1249. herois (Schaus) 41 

1250. reducta, Wlk 41 

1251. crinis (Druce) 42 

1252. delicata {Moschl.) 43 

1253. semiopalina (Feld.). ... 43 

1254. flavescens ( Wlk.) 4.4 

1255. sanguinolenta (Cram.) . 44 

1256. lurida (^Feld.) 45 

1257. centralis (Schaus) .... 45 

1258. apicalis ( Wlk.) 46 



Till 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 
Automolis (con.). 

1259. lutosa {Hiihn.) 46 

1260. opposita ( PF/^.) 47 

1261. sphingidea {Perty) .... 47 

1262. idalia, Hmpsn 48 

1263. juvenis (Schaus) 48 

1264. traili (Butl.) 48 

1265. crocos (Cram) 49 

1266. ei7thronotus(ir.-*Sc7iaJ.) 49 

1267. ditissima ( Wlk.) 50 

1268. grandis {Bruce) 50 

1269. flammans, Hmpsn 50 

1270. juno (Schaus.) 51 

1271. docis, Hilbn 51 

1272. perflua ( Wlk.) 52 

1273. strigosa ( Wlk.) 52 

1274. separata ( Wlk.) 53 

1275. fulgurata, Butl 53 

1276. chrysomelas, Wlk 53 

1277. albimaculifera, Hmpsn. . . 54 

1278. semirosea, Wlk 54 

1279. citrina {Druce) 54 

1280. superba, Druce 55 

1281. elissa, Schaus 55 

1282. tripunctata (Bruce) 56 

1283. latania, Bruce 56 

1284. packardi, Butl 56 

1285. sypilus ( Cram.) 57 

1286. tseniata (Guer.) 57 

1287. melea, Bruce 58 

1288. pratti, Bruce 58 

1289. vitrea (Stoll) 59 

1290. liueosa ( Wlk.) 60 

1291. tybris (Cram.) 60 

1292. zenzeroides, Butl 61 

1293. contraria ( Wlk.) 61 

1294. sicilia, Bruce 61 

1296. tegyra, Bruce 62 

1296. buckleyi (Bruce) 62 

1297. garleppi {Bruce) 63 

1298. vittipes ( Wlk.) 63 

1299. nabdalsa, Schaus 63 

1300. coUateralis, Hmpsn. . . 64 

1301. diluta (Feld.) 64 

1302. rectiradia, Hmpsn 65 

1303. rutila (Stoll) 65 

1304. angulosa, Wlk 66 

1305. unifascia {Bruce) 66 

1306. orbona, Schaus 66 

1307. anniilata (Schaus) 67 

Castrica, Schaus 67 

1308. phalsenoides (Brury) . . 68 
Thyromolis, Hmpsn 68 

1309. pythia (Bruce) 68 

Hyperandra, Hmpsn 69 

1310. appendiculata (-ff.-6'c'M/.) 69 



Hypidalia, Hmpsn 70 

1311. enervis (Schaus) 70 

Cissiira, Wlk 70 

1312. unilineata (Bogn.) .... 7l 

1313. decora, Wlk 7l 

1314. plumbea, Hmpsn 72 

Melese, Wlk 72 

1315. amastris (Bruce) 72 

1316. russata (H. Ediv.) .... 73 

1317. incerta ( Wlk.) 73 

1318. endopyra, Hmpsn 74 

1319. chozeba (Bruce) 74 

] 320, asana (Bruce) 74 

1321. flavimaculata, Bogn. . . 75 

1322, laodamia (Bruce) 75 

] 323, ocellata, Hmpsn 76 

1324. babosa (Bogn.) 76 

1325. postica, Wlk 77 

1326. dorothea (Stoll) 77 

Bertboldia, Schaus 78 

1327. albipuncta, Schaus .... 78 

1328. myosticta, Hmpsn 79 

1329. braziliensis, Hmpsn. . . 79 

1330. philotera, Bruce 79 

1331. schausiana, Byar 80 

1332. trigona (Grote) 80 

1333. STpeciiUiis (Herr.-Schaf.) 81 

1334. flavidorsata, Hmpsn. . . 82 
Xanthophseina, Hmpsn 82 

1335. levis (Bruce) 82 

Ammalo, Wlk 83 

1336. signata ( Wlk.) 83 

1337. helops (Cram.) 83 

1338. bipunctata ( Wlk.) 84 

1339. insulata ( Wlk:) 84 

1340. tenera (Hiihn.) S5 

1341. eglenensis (Clem.) 86 

Haemanota, Hmpsn 87 

1342. rubriceps, Hmpsn 87 

Glaucostola, Hmpsn 87 

1343. guttipalpis ( Wlk.) .... 87 
Hyperthaema, Hmpsn 88 

1344. sanguineata ( Wlk.) ... 88 

1345. haemacta, Schaus 89 

1346. albipuncta, Schaus .... 89 
Oclirodota, Hmpsn 89 

1347. pronapides (Bruce) .... 90 
Tessellarctia, Hmpsn 90 

1348. semivaria ( Wlk.) 90 

1349. ursina (Schaus.) 91 

1350. cinerascens ( Wlk.) 92 

Pachydota, Hmpsn 92 

1351. iodea (Herr.-Schdff.) . . 93 

1352. saduca (Bruce) 93 

1353. albiceps ( Wlk.) 94 

1354. striata (Bogn.) 94 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



IX 



Page 

1355. nervosa ( Fcld.) 94 

Oarathis, Grote 95 

1356. palpalis ( Wlk.) 95 

1357. byblis {Schaus) 95 

1358. gortynoides, Grote . , . . 96 
Neozatrephes, Druce 96 

1359. telesilla, Druce 96 

Nezula, Schaus 97 

1360. grisea, Schaus 97 

Dialeucias, Hmpsn 97 

1361. pallidistriata, Hmpsn. . . 98 
Syntarctia, Hmpsn 98 

1362. testacea {Moschl.) 98 

Baritius, Wlk 99 

1363. brimnea, Hmpsn 99 

1.364. pvirliopvga ( Wlk.) .... 100 

1365. superba {Schaus) 100 

1366. marmorea (Schaus) .... 100 

1367. discalis, TVlk 101 

1368. eleuthera (Stoll) 101 

Tricypha, Moschl 102 

1369. imperialis (Hei/l.) .... 102 

1370. furcata, Moschl 103 

Pelochyta, Hiibn 103 

1371.'mgrescens (Do^w.) .... 103 

1372. cervina (H. Edio.) .... 103 

1373. cinerea ( Wlk.) 104 

1374. arontes (Stoll) 104 

1375. umbrata, Hmpsn. ...... 105 

Elvsius, Wlk 105 

1.376. dryas {Cram.) 106 

1377. pallidicosta ( Wlk,) .... 107 

1378. carbonaria (Dogn.) .... 107 

1379. superba (Druce) 108 

1380. francki (Schaus) 108 

1381. soteria (Druce) 109 

1382. thrailkilli (Schaus) 109 

1383. ochrota, Hnpsn 109 

1384. cingulata ( Wlk.) 109 

1385. conspersa, Wlk 110 

1386. hermia (Cram.) 110 

1387. sebrus (Druce) Ill 

1.388. proba (Schaus) Ill 

1:389. atrata (Feld.) Ill 

1.390. chimaera (Druce) 112 

1.391. umber (Cra^n.) 112 

1392. immanis (H. Ediv.) 112 

1393. disciplaga ( Wlk.) 112 

1394. atriceps, Hmpsn 113 

1395. melanoplaga, -E??npsw.. . 113 

1396. bicolor (Mssn.) 114 

Ischnocampa, Feld 114 

1397. nigridorsiita, Schaus . . 114 
1.398. nigrivena, Schaus 114 

1399. celer (Schaus) 115 

1400. mamona (Dogn.) 115 



1401. uubilosa (Dogn.) 115 

1402. sordida, Feld 116 

1403. lugubris (Schaus) 116 

1404. tristis (Schaus) 116 

1405. mundator (Druce) .... 117 
Opharus, Wlk 117 

1406. ferruginea ( TT/Z;.) .... 117 

1407. ruficollis, Druce 119 

1408. belus, Druce 119 

1409. rhodosoma (JButl.) 119 

1410. basalis, Wlk 119 

1411. linus, Druce 120 

1412. bimaculata (Deioitz) 120 

1413. consimilis (Druce) .... 120 

1414. procroides, Wlk 120 

1415. almopia(Z>/'wc'e) 121 

1415 a. flavicostata, Dogn. . . 509 

1416. elota (Moschl) 121 

1417. laudia (DrucR) 121 

1418. trama (Dogn.^ 122 

1419. thalassina (H.-Schaf.) . 122 

1420. flavimaculata, Hmpsn.. 122 

1421. piperita (Herr.-Schdff.). 123 

1422. aurogutta (Schaus) .... 123 

1423. decrepida(^en-.-*S'cAa^) 123 

1424. granifera (Schaus) .... l24 

1425. h[stYiomcii( H.-Schdf.) l24 

1426. scliaefferi (Schaus) .... 125 

1427. cliorima (Schaus) 126 

1428. flavopunctata(ff.->S'cA«/f.) 126 

1429. flavostrlgata(jy.->S'c7mJ.) 126 

1430. picturata (Burm.) 127 

1431. depicta (Herr.-Schuf.) 127 

1432. nexa (Herr.-Sch'iff.) . . 128 

1433. astur (Cram.) 129 

1434. polystrigata, Hinpsn. . . 129 
Hemihyalea, Hmpsn. ........ 1 29 

1435. ergana (Dogn.) 130 

1436. cornea, (Her r. -Schiiff. ). . 130 

1437. edwardsi (Pack.) 131 

1438. labecula ( CJrote) 131 

1439. utica (Druce) 132 

1440. xantliosticta, Hnpsn... 132 

1441. diminuta ( Wlk.) 133 

1442. hyalina (Druce) 133 

1443. aiba (Druce) 133 

Pseudopharus, Hnpsn 1.33 

1444. amata- (Druce) 134 

Amastus, Wlk 134 

1445. adela, Schaus 135 

1446. bauds (Dalm.) 135 

1447. phaeosoma, Hmpsn 1,36 

1448. albiputicta, Hmpsn 136 

1449. maculicincta, Hmpsn.. . 136 

1450. mesorhoda, Wlk 1 37 

1451. ambrosia (Druce) .... 137 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Amastus (con.). 

1452. eveheWa, (Maass.) 137 

1453. nifaLor ( IVlk.) 138 

1453 a. genoveva {I)ogn.) , . . . 509 

1454. medica [DognS 138 

1455. collaris {Herr.-Schaff.) 138 
1455 a. episcotosia, Dogn 510 

1456. coccinator {Schaiis) . . . . 139 

1457. sutfusa {Herr.-Schcif.) . , 139 

1458. cymothoe, Druce 139 

1459. rhodator, Hmpsn 140 

1460. minerva (Dogn.) 140 

1461. nconm (Herr.-Schqf.) . . 141 

1462. persimilis, Hmpsn 141 

1463. elongata {Feld.) 141 

1464. ochraceator (Iflk.) . . . . 141 
1464 a. polystrigata, Dogn. . . 510 

1465. copropliora {H.-Schiiff'.) 142 

1466. alsa i^Druce) 142 

1467. conspicua (Maass.) .... 142 

1468. tiimbilla (I)og7i.) 142 

1469. hyalina {Dogn.) 143 

Hyalarctia, Hmpsn 143 

1470. sericea, Schaus 143 

Psycliophasma, ButI 144 

1471. erosa {Herr.-Schaff.) . . 144 
Thalesa, Schmis 145 

1472. citrina (Sepp.) 145 

Halisidota, Hilhn. 145 

1473. duldnfieldia (Schaus) . . 147 

1474. notata (Schaus) 147 

1475. andensis (Schaus) .... 147 

1476. argentata, Pack 148 

1477. ingens, H. Edio 149 

1478. alternata (Grote) 149 

1479. caryse (Harr.) 150 

1480. bicolor, Wlk 151 

1481. maculata (Harr.) 151 

1482. alsus(GY/m.) 153 

1483. margoiia, Schaus 153 

1484. rosetta, Schaus 153 

1485. atomosa, Wlk 154 

1486. lurida, H Edw 154 

1487. perdentata, Schaus .... 154 

1488. saWona (Schaus) -. 154 

1489. sthenia, Hmpsn 155 

1490. bactris (Sepp) 155 

1491 . liuaco, Schaus 155 

1492. scripta (Grote) 156 

1493. sobrina, Moschl 156 

1494. endolobata, Hmpsn. . . 157 

1495. atra, Druce 159 

1496. interlineata, Wlk 159 

1497. cinctipes, Grote 160 

1498. te8sellaris,^66.(^'>Sm.. . 161 

1499. masoni (Schaus) 162 



Page 

1500. cyclozonata, Hmpsn. . . 162 

1501. lineata, Schaus 163 

1502. quanta, Schaus 193 

1503. oruba, Schaus 163 

1504. umbrosa, Hmpsn 163 

1505. cedon, Druce 164 

1506. pulverea, Schaus 164 

1507. coniota, Hmpsn 164 

1508. longa (Grote) 165 

1509. rhomboidea (Sepp) .... 165 

1510. polyodonta, Hmpsn. . . 166 

1511. atrimaculata, Hmpsn. . . 166 

1512. leucanina, Feld 166 

1513. squalida (Herr.-Schdf.) 166 

1514. ochracea, Moschl 167 

1515. acuta, Hmpsn 167 

1516. annulosa, Wlk 167 

1517. catenulata (Hilbn.) 168 

1518. labaca, Druce ]68 

1519. luelaleuca (Feld.) 168 

1520. bnmneitincta, Hmpsn. . 169 

1521. rusca (Schaus) 169 

1522. interstriata, Hmpsn. . . 170 

1523. leria (Druce) 170 

1524. leda (Druce) 170 

1525. rhoda, Hmpsn 170 

1526. pallida (Schaus) 171 

1527. arenacea (Schaus) .... 171 

1528. ordinaria (Schaus) .... 171 

1529. iridesceDS (Schaus) .... 171 

1530. humosa (Dogn.) 172 

1531. triphylia (Druce) .... l72 
Metaxanthia, Hmpsn 172 

1532. vespiformis, Druce .... l72 
Arctagyrta, Hmpsn l73 

1533. nana (Wlk.) 173 

Agorsea, Herr.-Schaff'. 173 

1534. rectilinea (L'urm.) .... 173 

1535. longicornis, H.-Schiiff^. l74 

1536. minuta, Schaus 174 

1537. pellucida ('fiepp) 175 

Bituryx, Wlk 175 

1538. intacta, Wlk 175 

1539. venosata, Wlk 176 

1540. diversipes, Wlk 176 

1541. lanceolata ( Wlk.) .... 177 

1542. grisea, Dog7i 177 

Neritos, Wlk 177 

1543. onytes (Cmm.) 177 

1544. repanda, Wlk 178 

1545. sanguipuncta, Schaus . . 179 

1546. pandera (Schaiis) 179 

1547. llavorosea ( Wlk.) .... 180 

1548. samos, Druce 180 

1549. cotes, Druce 180 

1550. neretina (Dgar) 181 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 

lo51. cardinalis, Bogn 181 

1552. nigricollis {Bogn.) .... 181 
Protomolis, Hinpsn 182 

1553. promathides (Di'uce) . . 182 
Emilia, Kirhy 182 

1554. ambig-ua (Stretch) .... 183 

1555. roseata ( Wlk.) 183 

1556. rubriplaga(TF/A^) .... 184 

1557. crassa(Tr/^.) 184 

1558. testudo, Hmpsn 185 

1559. pagana (Schaus) 185 

1560. asignata, I£?n2)sn 185 

Tjvia,Hubn 185 

1561. jacoba38e (Linn.) 186 

Euchlsenidia, Hmpsn 186 

1562. transcisa ( WIK) 186 

Brycea, Wlk 187 

1563. disjuncta, Wlk 187 

Holomeliiia, Heyr.-Schiiff. .... 188 

1564. polyphron {Druce) .... 189 

1565. cocciniceps (Schaus) . . 189 

1566. semirosea (Druce) .... 189 

1567. Iddio. {Guer.) 190 

1568. ostenta {_H. Edw.) .... 190 

1569. pomponia [Druce) .... 190 

1570. mirma {Druce) 190 

1571. metazonata, Hmpsn. . . 191 

1572. rogersi {Druce) 191 

1573. aiirantiaca (Hilbn.) .... 191 

1574. costata (Stretch) 192 

1575. intermedia {Graef) 192 

1576. opella {Grote) .\ 193 

1577. pallicornis (GVo^e) .... 193 

1578. heros (Grote) 194 

1579. disparilis (Grote) 194 

1580. lata {Grote) 194 

1581. feronia (Druce) 195 

1582. pamphylia {Druce) 195 

1583. trigonifera, Schaus .... 195 

1584. cetes {Druce) 196 

1585. esula {Druce) 196 

1586. arbela (Druce) 196 

1587. teuuicincta, Hnpsn. . . 196 
Virbia, Wlk 197 

1588. thersites, Druce 197 

1589. dotata ( Wlk.) 198 

1590. variaiis, Schaus 198 

1591. brevilinea ( Wlk.) 198 

1592. luteilinea, Wlk 199 

1593. sanguicollis, Hmpsn. . . 199 

1594. ampla ( Wlk.) 199 

1595. zonata {Feld.) 199 

1596. medarda {StoU) 20C 

1597. divisa ( Wlk.) 200 

1598. subapicalis ( Wlk,) .... 201 

1599. hypophaBa, Hmpsn 201 



Page 

1600. xanthopleura {Hmpsn.) . 201 
Antiotricha, Feld 201 

1601. integra (Wlk.) 202 

Hyalacoa, Hmpsn 202 

1602. diapbana (^m-sm.) 202 

Epimydia, Staud 203 

1603. dialampa, Staud 203 

Eiiprepia, Ochs 203 

1604. striata {Linn.) 203 

1605. cribraria (Linn.) 204 

Heliactinidia, Hmjisn 205 

1606. chiguinda {Druce) 206 

1607. cserulesceiis, Hmpsn. . . 206 

1608. nigrilinea ( Wlk.) 206 

Cyanarctia, Hmpsn 206 

1609. dama (Druce) 207 

1610. ruscia (Druce) 207 

Belemnia, Wlk 207 

1611. eryx {Fabr.) 208 

1612. inaurata {Sidzer) 209 

1613. ochriplaga, Hmpsn 209 

1614. lydia, Druce 210 

1615. mygdon, Druce 210 

1616. aplaga, Hmpsn 210 

1617. alpha (Druce) 211 

Diospage, Wlk 211 

1618. splendens (Druce) 211 

1619. clirysobasis, Hmpsn. . . 212 

1620. cleasa {Druce) 212 

1621. rbebus ( Cram.) 213 

Belemniastis, Hmpsn 213 

1622. attidates {Druce) 213 

1623. trotscLi (Druce) 214 

1()24. vhiteleyi (Druce) 214 

Stenopbaea, Hmpsn 215 

1625. pollinia {Boisd.) 21^ 

1626. salatis {Boisd.) 215 

Hypocrisias, Hmpsn 21» 

1627. punctata {Druce) 216 

1628. minima {Neum.) 217 

1629. jonesi (Schaus) 217 

1630. fuscipennis (Burm.) . . 217 
Heliozona, Hnpsn 2lo 

1631. lianga {Sejnp.) 218. 

Nicsea, Moore 218 

1632. longipennis ( Wlk.) .... 218 
Preparctia, Hmpsn 219 

1633. miritica {Oberth.) 219 

Leptarctia, Stretch 220 

1634. californiEe ( Wlk.) .... 220 
Hyplioraia, Hiibn 222 

1635. lapponica {Thunb.) .... 222 
1635 a. subnebulosa, Di/ar . . 5l0 

1636. testudinaria (Fourcr.) . . 223 

1637. aulica (Linn.) 224 

1638. dejeani (Godt.) 224 



xu 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Hyphoraia(cow.). Page 

1639. parthenos {Harr.) .... 224 
Laora, Wlk : .... 225 

1640. antennata, Wlk 225 

1640 a. ubiana {Dmce) 511 

Ocnogyna, Led 225 

1641. loewi(Ze/Z.) 226 

1642. latreilli {Godt) 226 

1642 a. berytta, Stand 511 

1643. banghaasi {Stand.) 227 

1644. pardalina {Pungeler) . . 227 

1645. Corsica {Ramb) 228 

1646. pretiosa [Stand.) 228 

1647. pierreti [Eamb.) 229 

1648. huguenini (Oberth.) . . 229 

1649. boetica {Ramb.) 230 

1650. clathrata, Led 230 

1651. pudens {Lucas) 231 

1652. leprieuri {Oberth.) 232 

1653. parasita (Hiibn.) 232 

1654. nogelli, Led 233 

1655. jelski {Oberth.) 233 

Phragmatobia, Steph 233 

1656. zoraida (Grasl.) 234 

1657. maculosa {Gem.) .... 235 

1658. rupicola {Gr.-Grschm.) . 236 

1659. Inndermanni {Stand.) . . 236 

1660. glaphyra {Eversm.) 237 

1661. postflavida {Hmpsn.) . . 238 

1662. trigona {Leech) 238 

1663. y-albula (0^>er^/i.) 239 

1664. fervida ( Wlk.) 239 

1665. cervina {FaU.^ 240 

1666. brucei (ff.-^^w;.) 240 

1667. casta {Esp.) 241 

1668. flavia {Fuesd.) 241 

1669. parvula {Feld.) 242 

1670. beani {Neum.) 242 

1671. yaiTowi (Stretch) 242 

1672. fuligiuosa {Linn.) .... 243 

1673. assimilans, Wlk 244 

Ardices, Wlk 245 

16/4. curvata {Dguod.) 245 

1675. glatignyi {Le Guill.) . . 246 
Maenas, Hub7i 247 

1676. vocula {Stoll) 248 

1677. arborifera [Butt.) 248 

1678. maculifascia (H^//c.) .. 249 
1678 a. semiramis (6YaMc?.) .. 512 

1679. malayensis {HmjJsn.) . . 249 

1680. vestalis {Pack.) 250 

1681. albescens, Hmpsn 250 

1682. extensa {Wlk.) 250 

1682 a. ilavata, Hmpsn 512 

1683. simplex ( Wlk.) 250 

1684. fumipennis {Hmpsn.) . . 251 

1685. venosa {Moore) 251 



Page 

1686. surgens {Wlk.) 251 

1687. laboulbeni {Bar) 251 

1688. biirmeisteri {Berg) 252 

1689. bilinea, Schaus 252 

1690. juruana {Biitl.) 252 

1690 a. tenuis {Berg) 512 

1691. azollffi {Berg) 253 

1692. breveti {Oberth.) 253 

Pseudalus. Schaus 253 

1693. leos (Bruce) 254 

1694. limonia, Schaus 254 

Euerytlira {Harv.) 254 

1695. pliasma, Harv. . 255 

1696. trimaculata, Smith .... 255 
Diacrisia, HUbn 256 

1697. aeruginosa {Feld.) 263 

1698. lympliasea {Dogn.) 263 

1699. nigrifrons ( Wlk.) 263 

1700. pliasma (Leech) 263 

1701. rhodophila ( Wlk.) 264 

1702. costimacula {Leech). . . . 264 

1703. multivittata {Moore) . . 265 

1704. indica (Guer.) 265 

1705. melanosonia {Hmjisn.) . 266 

1706. latipennis (Stretch ) 266 

1707. nivea (Men.) 267 

1708. pura {Leech) 267 

1709. jussieua3 (Poey) 267 

1710. Virginica {Fa'br.) 267 

1711. alba (Brem.) 268 

1712. punctaria (Stoll) 268 

1713. robusta {Leech) 269 

1714. erythrozona (E^oll.) 269 

1715. erythrastis {Megr.) .... 269 

1716. punctulata ( W'Ugrn.) . . 270 

1717. ew^vocim-^ (Auriv.). . . . 270 

1718. urticee {Esp.) 270 

1719. lubricipeda {Linn.) .... 271 

1720. aspersa (Mab.) 272 

1721. spectabilis (7'aM5cA.) .. 272 

1722. unifascia ( Wlk.) 273 

1723. lewisi (Butl.) 274 

1724. chionea {Hmpsn.) .... 274 

1725. scortiUa ( Wllgrn.) .... 274 

1726. curvilinea ( Wlk.) 275 

1727. aurantiaca {Hall.) .... 275 

1728. bifurca(^^^/v.) 275 

1729. rava {Druce) 276 

1730. maculosa {Stoll) 276 

1731. melanostigma (Ersch.) . 277 

1732. subfascia ( Wlk.) 278 

1733. guttata (Ersch.) 278 

1734. lutea (Litm.) 278 

1735. punctata (Moore) 279 

1736. fuscitincta, Hmpsn. . . 280 

1737. mona {Swinh.) 280 



SYSTEIMATIC iNDEX. 



XIU 



Page 

1738. testacea ( Wlk.) 281 

1739. scioaDa {Oberth.) 281 

1740. obliquivitta (/Ifoore) .. 282 

1741. sparsipimcta Hmpsn. . . 282 

1742. flavens [Moore) 282 

1743. flavalis {Moore) 283 

1744. jankowski (Oberth.) . . 283 

1745. rubitincta {Moore) 284 

1746. erythrophleps {Hmpsn.) 284 

1747. bifasciata {Butl) 284 

1748. comma ( Wlk.) 285 

1749. seriatopunctata(M"o^scA.) 285 

1750. sparsalis ( Wlk.) 286 

1751. caoescens {Butl.) 287 

1752. stigmata {Moore) 287 

1753. leopardina {Koll) .... 288 

1754. insequalis {Butl ) 288 

1754 a. leopardina {Men.) 513 

1755. dentilinea {Aloore) 289 

1756. obliqua ( Wlk.) 289 

1757. casigneta (Koll.) 291 

1758. ilaveola {Leech) 291 

1759. mu]tiguttata ( Wlk.) . . 292 

1760. diplosticha {Hmpsn.) . . 292 

1761. gopara {Moore) 293 

1762. quadrilunata, Hmpsn. . . 293 

1763. metaxantha, Hmpsn. . . 293 

1764. bimaculata {Moore) 293 

1765. madagascarie)lsis(^^^^/.) 294 

1766. lucida {Bruce) 294 

1767. flava ( Wllgrii.) 294 

1768. costata {Boisd.) 295 

1769. pelopea {Bruce) 295 

1770. iutescens ( Wlk.) 295 

1771. rliodesiana, Hmpsn 296 

1772. scita(^7yt.) 296 

1773. latiradiata, Hmpsn 296 

1774. bretaudiaui {Oberth.) .. 296 

1775. perornata {Moore) 297 

1776. purpm-ata {Liwi.) 298 

1777. amurensis (Brem.) 298 

1778. metalkana (Led.) 299 

1779. sannio {Linn.) 299 

1780. ornata {Staud.) 300 

1781. flammeola (Moore) .... 301 

1782. biseriata {Moore) 301 

1783. eximia {Sivinh.) 301 

1784. longiramia, Hmpsn. . . 302 

1785. montana {Guer.) 302 

1786. albicornis {Hmpsn.). . . 303 

1787. rubilinea {Moore) .... 303 

1788. sordidescens, Hmpsn. . . 304 

1789. castanea {Hmpsn.) .... 304 

1790. bnmnea (Heyl.) 304 

1791. tigrina {Moore) 305 



Page 

1792. rufescens {Brulle) 306 

1793. moorei {Snell.) 305 

1794. stiigatula {Wlk.) 306 

1795. landaea {Moore) 307 

1790. vagans {Boisd.) 307 

1797. rubra {Neum.) 307 

1798. imparilis {Butl.) 308 

1799. melaena, Hmpsn 308' 

1800. garida {Swinh.) 309 

1801. phgea, Hmpsn 309 

1802. turensis {Ersch.) 309 

1803. fuscipennis {Hmpsn.) . . 310^ 

1804. sordida [Hiibn.) 310 

1805. luctuosa (Gei/er) 310 

1806. mendica {Clerck) 311 

1807. sikkimensis {Moore) . . 311 

1808. infernalis {Butl.) 312 

1809. fulvohirta( Wlk.) 312 

1810. impleta ( Wlk.) 313 

1811. caesarea {Goeze) 313 

1812. lineata ( Wlk.) 314 

1813. eugraphia ( Wlk.) 314 

1814. turbida {Butl.) 315 

1815. subcarnea ( Wlk.) 315 

1816. dido {M. Wagner) .... 316 

1817. niceta {Stoll.) 317 

1818. nebulosa [Butl.) 317 

1819. subvaria Wlk 318 

1820. aldaba {Bogn.) 318 

1821. i^ohQllo. {Abb. 8f Smith).. 31^ 

1822. placida {Friv.) 320 

1823. intricata ( Wlk.) 320 

Acantharctia, Auriv 321 

1824. metaleuca, Hinpsn 321 

1825. vittata, Auriv 321 

1826. flavicosta {Hmpsn.) .... 322 

1827. nivea, Auriv 322 

Amsacta, Wlk 322 

1828. marginalis, Wlk 323 

1829. melanogastra {Holl.) . . 323 

1830. grammiphlebia, Hmpsn. 323 

1831. bivittata {Butl.) 324 

1832. insolata {Sivinh.) 324 

1833. lineola {Fabr.) 324 

1834. costalis ( Wlk.) 326 

1835. gangara {Swinh.) 326 

1836. liavimargo {Hmpsn.) . . 327 

1837. cardinalis {Butl.) 327 

1838. collaris {Hmpsn.) 327 

1839. lactinea (Cram.) 328 

1840. negrita (Hjnpsn.) 329 

1841. moorei (Butl.) 329 

1842. marginata {Bon.) 330 

1843. moloneyi {Bruce) ...... 330 

1844. albistriga ( Wlk.) 330 



XIV 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Page 
Creatonotus, Huhn 331 

1845. arabica {Hmpsn.) 331 

1846. marginalis ( Wlk.) 332 

1847. vittata, (Druce) 332 

1848. ^angis {Linn.) 333 

1849. leucanioides, Holl. 334 

1850. pimctivitta ( Wlk,) 334 

1851. transiens ( Wlk.) 334 

Hyphantria, Rarr 335 

1852. cunea {Drury) 336 

1853. aspersa {Grote) 337 

1854. Orizaba {Druce) 337 

Estig-mene, Rubn 338 

1855. interfixa (Wlk.) 339 

1856. imbuta ( Wlk.) 339 

1857. florescens {Moore) 340 

1858. trifasciata {Holl) 340 

1859. dissimilis {Dist.) 340 

1860. tenuistrigata {Hmpsn.) . 341 

1861. lemniscata {Dist.) 341 

1862. scita ( Wlk.) 341 

1863. simulans {Butl.) 342 

1864. \mQ2.{Wlk.) 342 

1865. quadriramosa {Koll.) . . 342 

1866. trivitta ( Wlk.) 343 

1867. pura {Butl.) 343 

1868. acrsea {Drury) 344 

1869. prima {Sloss.) 346 

1870. albida {Stretch) 346 

1871. antigone {Streck.) 346 

1872. ceylonensis, Hmpsn 347 

1873. irregularis {Moore) 348 

1874. perrotteti {Guer.) 348 

1875. vittata (Moore) 348 

1876. nigricans (Moore) 349 

Pericallia, Hilbn 350 

1877. ^quata ( Wlk.) 350 

1878. ricini {Fabr.) 350 

1879. transversa (Moore) .... 351 

1880. sjostedti {Auriv.) 352 

1881. picta ( Wlk.) 353 

1882. ellioti (Butl.) 353 

1883. sipaM (Moore) 354 

1884. pannosa {Moo7'e) 354 

1885. dentata ( Wlk.) 355 

1886. geometrica {Oberth.) . . 355 

1887. imperialis (Koll.) 356 

1888. galactina (Hoev.) 356 

1889. melanopsis ( Wlk.) 357 

1890. tripartita (Wlk.) 358 

1891. conjuncta, Hmpsn 358 

1892. obliqiiifascia {Hmpsn.). . 358 

1893. Integra ( Wlk.) 359 

1894. melanimon (Mab.) 359 

1895. hodeva {Druce) 359 

1896. matrouula (Linn.) 360 



1897. erosa ( Wlk.) 361 

1898. matlierana (Mooi-e) .... 361 

1899. distorta {Moore) 362 

1900. riidis ( Wlk.) 363 

1901. conflictalis ( Wlk.) .... 363 

1902. dora (Sem^?.) 363 

1903. plutonica {Feld.) 364 

1904. dohertyi, Hmpsn 364 

1905. distinguenda ( Wlk.) . . 365 
Ecpantheria, Hilbn 365 

1906. mus, Oberth 365 

1907. beterogena, Oberth 366 

1908. nigriplaga, Wlk 368 

1909. laeta, Wlk 369 

1910. ochreator, Feld 370 

1911. raagdalense, Oberth 370 

1912. leucarctioides,(T;-o^f^^o6.37i 

1913. decora, Wlk 372 

1914. persola, Moschl 372 

1915. gaujoni, Doyn 373 

1916. cincelini, Burm 373 

1917. peruvensis, Hmpsn 374 

1918. deflorata (Fabr.) 374 

1919. abdominalis, Wlk 376 

1920. alpba, Oberth 377 

1921. albicornis, Grote 377 

1922. ocularia (Fabr.) 373 

1923. robusta, Dor/n 379 

1924. caiidata, Wlk 379 

1925. cimigunda (Stoll) 380 

1926. bari, Oberth 380 

1927. orsa (Cram.) 331 

1928. muzina, Oberth 331 

1929. icasia {Cram.) 333 

1930. eridanus {Cram.) 333 

1931. cotyora, Drvce 333 

1932. indecisa, Wlk 334 

1933. albiscripta, Druce 335 

1934. anomala, Burm 335 

1935. confusa (Druce) 336 

1936. suffusa (Schaus) ...... 33(5 

1937. amulaensis, Druce .... 337 

1938. extrema, Wlk 383 

1939. atra, Oberth 333 

Arachnis, Geyer 339 

1940. pompeia, Druce ...... 389 

1941. aulsea, Geyer 390 

1942. picta, Pack 392 

1943. dilecta (Boisd.) 398 

1944. zuni, Neum 393 

1945. albescens, Hmpm 394 

1946. mishma, Druce 394 

1947. martina, Druce 395 

Apantesis, Wlk 395 

1948. virgo (Linn.) 396 

1949. parthenice (Kirby) 397 



SYSTEMATIC INBKX. 



Page 

1950. rectilineca (French) 398 

1951. micbabo (Grote) 398 

1952. arge [Dmry) 399 

1953. ornata {Pack.) 399 

1954. obliterata (Stretch) 401 

1955. anna (Grote) 401 

1956. qiienseli (Pmjk) 402 

1957. virgiincula (Kirby) 403 

1958. proxima (Guer.) 404 

1959. bolanderi (Stretch) 405 

1960. favorita (Neum.) 406 

1961. blacei (Grote) 406 

1902. cerviuoides (Streck.) . . 407 

1963. superba (Stretch) 408 

1964. villiamsi (Dodge) 408 

1965. pbyllira (Drury) 409 

1966. vittata (Fabr.) 410 

1967. nais (Drury) 411 

1968. placentia (Abb. % Smith) 412 

1969. fasciata (Esper) 412 

Codiosoma (Stretch) 413 

1970. fiilva (Stretch) 413 

Hypomolis, Hmpsn 414 

1971. evippus (Druce) 414 

1972. rubricosta (Dogn.) .... 415 
Pygarctia, Grote 415 

1973. spraguei (Grote) 416 

1974. vivida (Grote) 416 

1975. abdorainalis, Grote .... 416 

1976. elegans (Stretch) 416 

Stenarctia, Auriv 417 

1977. quadripimctata, Auriv. . 417 
Eucbsetes, Hmi-is ,... . 417 

1978. rizoma (Schaus) 418 

1979. antica (Wlk.) 418 

1980. albicosta ( Wlk.) 419 

1981. peiievis, Grote 419 

1982. expressa (H. Fdw.) 419 

1983. murina, Stretch 420 

1984. bolteri, Stretch 420 

1985. egle (Drury) 420 

1986. oregonensis, Stretch .... 420 

1987. pudens, H. Edw 421 

Chlorhoda, Hmpsn 421 

1988. rufoviridis ( Wlk?^ 421 

Seirarctia, Pack 422 

1989. ecbo (Abh. ^ Smith) . . 422 

1990. Clara (Holl) 423 

Dionycbopus, Herr.-Schdff. .... 424 

1991. amasis (Cram.) 424 

Turuptiana, Wlk 425 

1992. lacipea (Druce) 425 

1993. obliqua, Wlk 426 

1994. neurophylla ( Wlk.) .... 426 

1995. permaculata (Pack.) . . 427 

1996. tenebra (Schaus) 428 



Page 

1997. nGmoY>\n]-4 Jlerr.-Schdf.) 429 

1998. obscura, Schaus '. . 429 

1999. dissimilis (Schaus) 429 

Tessellota, Hmpsn 43o 

2000. trifasciata (Burm.) 4.30 

2001. sertata (Berg) 4.30 

2002. caucellata (Burm.) 431 

Metacrisia, Hmpsn 431 

2003. coiirregesi (Dogn.) .... 431 
Calidoia, Dyar ' 432 

2004. strigosa ( Wlk.) 433 

2005. divina (Schaus) 434 

2006. phryganoides ( Wlk.) . . 435 

2007. obscurata (Druce) .... 435 

2008. Qv\chddi\iovmh(H.Edw.) 435 

2009. rema (Dogn.) 436 

2010. gemma (Schaus) 436 

2011. miiricolor (Z)y«r) 436 

2012. gigas (Dogn.) 437 

2013. similis, Hnpsn 437 

2014. albiceps, Dogn 437 

2015. morosa (Schaus) 438 

Pitane ( Wlk.) 438 

2016. fervens, Wlk 438 

Paranerita, Hmpsn 439 

2017. patara (Druce) 439 

2018. sithnides (Druce) 439 

2019. polyxena (Druce) 440 

Hyponeritaj Hmpsn 440 

2020. lavinia (Druce) 440 

Mazaeras, Wlk 44l 

2021. melanopyfra (Wlk.). ... 441 

2022. conferta, Wlk 441 

2023. janeira (Schaus) 442 

Piuius, Wlk 442 

2024. pilumnia (Stoll) 442 

Mallocepbala, Blanch 443 

2025. rubripes, Blanch 443 

2026. latior (Butl.) 443 

2027. deserticola (Berg) 444 

Antarctia, Hilbn 444 

2028. variegata (Schaus) .... 445 

2029. f usca ( Wlk.) 445 

2030. lateralis ( Wlk.) 446 

2031. costata, Burm 446 

2032. honora (Schaus) 446 

2033. fervida, Schaus 447 

2034. angustipennis (^r/>^.) .. 447 

2035. persimilis, Burin 447 

2036. paula (Schaus) 447 

2037. rudis (Butl.) 448 

2038. sericea (Schaus) 448 

2039. vulpina, Hilbn 448 

2040. brimnea, Hilbn 449 

2041. ducinfieldia (Schaus) . . 449 

2042. venata, Schaus 449 



XVI 



SYSTEMATIC IXDEX. 



Page 
Parades, WlJc 450 

2043. contraria, Wlk. 450 

Stenucha, Hmpsn 450 

2044. dolens (JDnwe) 450 

Psycharium, Herr.-Schaff. .... 451 

2045. pellucens, H.-Sclwff. . . 451 
Chlanidophora, Berg 451 

2046. patagiata, Ben/ 451 

Caridarctia, Hmpsn . . 452 

2047. albicaucellata {Burm.) . . 452 
Cremnophora, Hmpsn 453 

2048. angasi ( Wlk.) 453 

Proschaliphora, Hmpsn 454 

2049. citi'icostata, Hmysn. . . 454: 
Procanthia, Hmjjsn 454 

2050. argentea, Hmpsn 455 

Grammarctia, Auriv 455 

2051. bilinea {Wlk.) 455 

Phryganopteryx, Saalm 456 

2052. strigilata {Saalm.) 456 

Euverna, Neum 457 

2053. clio {Pack.) 457 

Parasemia, Hilboi 458 

2054. plantaginis {Linn.) .... 458 
Eucliaria; Hilhn 460 

2055. festiya {Hufn.) 460 

Anapliela, Wlk 461 

2056. stellata ( Guer.) 461 

Euarctia, Staud 462 

2057. licheiiigera (Feld.) .... 462 

2058. proserpiiia, Stand 463 

Arctia, Schrank 463 

2059. caia (Linn.) 463 

2060. tibetica, Feld 465 

2061. intercalaris {Eversm.) . . 466 

2062. villica {Linn.) 466 

Metacrias, Meyr 467 

2063. buttoni {Butl.) 468 

2064. stiategica, Hvdson 468 

2065. erichiysa, Meyr 469 

Teracotona, Btctl 469 

2066. euprepia, Hmpsn 470 

2067. ihodopLsea ( Wlk.) 470 

2068. subiuacula ( Wlk.) 471 

2069. subterminata, Hmpsn. . . 471 
Carciimrctia, Hmpsn 472 

2070. metamelaena, Hmpsn. . . 472 
Cymbalopbora, Bamb 472 

2071. diva {Stand.) 473 

2072. rivularis (Men.) 473 

2073. pudica {Esper) 474 

2074. oertzeni {Led.) 474 

Ectypia, Clem 475 

2075. tbona (Streck.) 475 

2076. bivittata {Cletn.) 475 

Pteroodes, Butl 476 

2077. longipennis ( Wlk.) 476 



Page 
Hiera, Druce 477 

2078. gyge, Eruce 477 

Atolmis, Hilbn 477 

2079. uniiascia, Hmpsn 477 

2080. rubricollis {Linn.) .... 478 
Baroa, Moore 478 

2081. punctivaga (^/^.) 479 

2082. vatala, Sivinh 479 

2083. soricina {Snell.) 479 

Utetheisa, Hiibn ' 480 

2084. e\-Atii {Fabr.) 480 

2085. cruentata {Btitl.) 481 

2086. lactea {Butl) 482 

2087. antennata (Szmnh.) 482 

2088. pulchella {Linn.) 483 

2089. semara, Moore 485 

2090. ornatrix (Litm.) 485 

2091. bella {Linn.) 486 

2092. galapagensis ( Wllyrn.) . 488 
Secusio, Wlk .* 488 

2093. extensa {Bntl.) 489 

2094. pustiilaria ( Wlk.) .... 489 

2095. pulverata, Hmpsn 490 

2096. purata ( Wlk.) 490 

2097. mania, Bruce 491 

2098. strigata, Wlk 491 

Haploa, Hiibn 492 

2099. clymeue {Broivn) 492 

2100. colona {Hiibn.) 493 

2101. lecontei {Guer.) 494 

2102. contigua ( JVlk.) 494 

2103. fulvicosta {Clem.) .... 495 

2104. confusa {Lyman) 496 

2105. vestalis ( Back.) 497 

Axiopcena, Menetr 497 

2106. maura {Eichw.) 498 

Rbodogastria, Hiibn 498 

2107. bubo {Wk.) 499 

2108. nififemur ( Wlk.) 499 

2109. liipia {Bruce) 499 

2110. artlius-bertrandi {Guer.) 500 

2111. rubripes ( ^/^.) 500 

2112. brunnea, Hmpsn 501 

2113. roseibarba, Z>n/ce 501 

2114. luteibarba, Hmpsn 502 

2115. fennia {Eruce) 502 

2116. vidua (Cram.) 503 

2117. nigroapicalis (^wnv.) . . 503 

2118. vitripennis {Blatich.) . . 503 

2119. croceri {Mad.) 504 

2120. astreas (Brury) 504 

2121. serica {Meyr.) 505 

2122. leucoptera, Hmpsn 506 

2123. albivitrea, Hmpsn 506 

Migoplastis, Eeld 506 

2124. alba {Moore) 506 

2125. correcta ( Wlk.) 507 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XVI 1 



Paraplastis, JImpsn 

•21'Jij. haiiipsoui {Swi7ih.) . 
Ilemodes, JIvipsii 

'21'27. heterogyiia, Hmpsn. 



Page 
507 
r>07 

rm 

.508 



Fam. AGARISTID.^ .... 515 

Eusemia, Dalm 520 

1. conuexa, Wlk 521 

2. YQtxxX'A {Geyer) 521 

o, conspicua (Roths.) .... 522 

4. bisma, Moore 523 

5. latimargo, Hmpsn 528 

6. maciilatrix, Westw 524 

7. nipalensis, Westio 525 

8. lectrix {Linn. ) 525 

9. adulatrix, Roll 526 

10. sumbana (Roths.) .... 527 

11. nigripennis, Rutl 527 

1 2. iiegrita, Hmpsn 528 

Chelonomovplia, Motsch 528 

13. japona, Motsch 529 

Criiiocula, Jord 530 

14. cinabaluensis, Roths. . . 530 
Exsula, Jord. 530 

15. deutatrix ( Westiv.) .... 531 

16. victrix ( Westw.) 531 

Fleta, Jord 532 

17. belangeri {Giier.) 532 

18. moorei {Feid.) 533 

Crinala, Jord 534 

19. iDimetica, Roths 534 

Immetalia, Jord 534 

20. bemsteini ( Voll.) 535 

21. longipalpis (Kirsch) . . 535 

22. meeci, Roths 536 

23. saturata ( Wlk.) 537 

24. celebensiR, Roths 537 

25. cyanea, Roths 537 

Burgena, WlJi: 538 

26. varia (Wlk.) 538 

27. splendida (Butl.).:.. . . 539 

28. amoena, Roths 539 

29. chalybeata, Roths 539 

Scrobigera, Jord 540 

30. amatrix ( We.%tw.) 540 

31. proxima ( 7F/A-.) 541 

32. hesperioides ( Wlk.) 542 

33. vacillans {Wlk.) ...... 542 

34. semperi {Feld.) 543 

- 35. niveifasciata, Roths. . . 543 

36. vulcauia {Butl.) 543 

37. albomarginata {Moore) . 544 
Comoeriis, Jord 544 

38. bebri {Anyus) 544 

VOL. III. 



Page 
Cruria, Jord 546 

39. douovani {Boisd.) 546 

40. neptioides {Butl.) 547 

41. darviniensis (Butl.). . . . 547 

42. platvxantha {Meyr.) . . 548 
Agarista, Leach 548 

43. agricola {Donov.) 549 

Argyrolepidia, Hmpsn 550 

44. nova3-hiberiii^ {Boisd.). 550 

45. pampbila {Stoll) 551 

46. iracta {Roths.) 6^2 

47. aequalis ( Wlk.) 552 

48. solomonis {Roths.) .... 553 

49. caei'Lileotincta (Lucas) . . 553 
Eutricbopidia, Hmpsn 554 

50. latina (Donov.) 554 

Pbalsenoides, Leivin 555 

51. tetrapleura (Meyr.). . . . 555 

52. neurogramma (iif^^yr.) . . 556 

53. mogisto {Boisd.) 557 

54. restricta, Roths 557 

55. basiplaga, Roths 557 

56. glycintie, Lewin 558 

57. ardescens {Butl.) 559 

58. tristitica (HUhi.) 559 

59. polysticta {Butl.) 560 

60. goldiei {Druce) 560 

61. inooiispioua. Roths 561 

Xantbospilopteryx, Wllyrn. . . 561 

62. poggei (Detoitz) oQ2 

63. mozambica {Mab.) 563 

64. pevdix {Druce) 5(53 

65. indecisa {Butl.) 564 

66. africana {Butl.) 564 

67. geryon {Fabr.) 565 

68. pallida ( Wlk.) 565 

69. terminatis ( Wlk.) 566 

70. pardalina ( Wlk.) 567 

71. superba {Butl.) 567 

72. zenceri, Karsch 568 

73. longipennis ( Wlk.) .... 569 

74. cirbyi, Holl 569 

75. a?mulatrix ( Westw.) . . 570 

76. mons-hmensis, Hmpsn. . 570 

77. hypercompoides, ^w?"/. . . 571 

78. melaiiosoma, Druce .... 57 1 

79. nigridorsa {Mab.) 572 

80. grandis {Druce) 572 

81. hornimani (Druce) .... 572 
Polacantbopoda, Hmpsn 573 

82. tigi'ina {Druce) 573 

Ftotbia, Westw 574 

83. tbruppi {Butl.) 575 

84. aisba {Kirby) 576 

85. butleri ( Wlk.) 576 

86. xaiitbopvga {Mab.) .... 577 

b 



XVlll 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



Rotliia {co?)t.). Page 

87. pentelia (Bruce) -577 

88. contigLia ( Wlk.) 578 

89. vatersi {But I.) 578 

90. hypopyrrha (Butl.) 578 

91. simvra ( Westw.) 579 

92. zQ?J{Herr.-Schiiff.) .... 579 

93. distigma (ilfa6.) 579 

94. virguncula [Mah.) .... o80 

95. vestvoodi, Butl 580 

96. ag-rius {Herr.-Schaf.) . . 581 

97. pedasiis (Hen-.-Sc/uif.) . 581 

98. tranquilla (Butl.) 582 

99. micropales, Butl 582 

100. pales (Guer.) 582 

101. lasti, Bulks 583 

102. Bigvescens, Boths 583 

1 03. rhfeo (Bruce) 584 

104. alluaudi (3Iab.) 584 

Veymeria, Karsch 584 

105. athene ( Weymer) .... 584 
Arrothia, Jord 585 

106. bicolor, Boths 585 

Arctiopaif, Jord 586 

107. ambusta (Mab.) 586 

Charilina, Wlk 587 

108. amabilis (Brunj) 587 

Paida, Jord 588 

109. piilchra (Trimeji) 588 

Pseudospii'is, Butl 589 

110. paidiformis, Butl 589 

Pais, Hilbn 590 

111. decora (Lmti.) 590 

Metagarisla, Wll\ .' 591 

112. mmnRs(Herr.-Schaf.).. 592 

113. triphsenoides, TIM- 592 

Hecatesia, Boisd 593 

114. thyridion, Fcist/i 593 

115. fenestrata, Boisd 594 

116. exiiltans, W/k 595 

^g-ocera, I^atr 595 

117. tripartita, lurb^/ 596 

1 18. rectilinea, Boisd 596 

119. venulia (Cram.) 597 

120. bimacula, Wlk 598 

121. affinis, Bruce 599 

122. brevivitta, H7nps)i 600 

123. ansorgei, IMks 600 

124. fervida, Ji Ik COl 

125. obliqua, Mab 602 

126. menete (Cram.) 602 

127. latreilli, Herr.-Schiiff. . . 603 

128. obliquisig-na, Hm-ps7i. . . 603 

129. abvssinica, Hmpsn 604 

130. rubida, B'eld 604 

131. obrysos (Mab.) 605 

132. coryndoni, Roths.. . . . . . 605 



Page 

Asteropetes, JBinpsn 005 

133. noctuina (Butl) 606 

Pari33gocera, Umpsn 606 

134. conil liens ( Weym.) .... 607 
Mimeusemia, Butl 607 

135. puciolia {Bruce) 608 

136. lombocensis, Boths 609 

137. vittata (Bull) 609 

138. albigutta (Karsch) 609 

139. persirailis, Butl 610 

140. albicilia, Hmpsn 610 

141. ceylonica, Umpsn 611 

142. postiea ( Wlk.) 612 

143. peracana, Boths 612 

144. econia, Hmpsn 612 

145. ])eshva (Moore) 613 

146. basalis ( Wik.) 613 

147. davidsoni, Sivinh 614 

148. accurata (Sivinh.) .... 614 
140. centralis (Boths.) 615 

150. proerosia (Bruce) 615 

Schaiisia, Karsch 616 

151. gladiatoria (Holl.) 616 

152. leona (Schniis) 617 

Lophonotidia, Hmpsn 617 

153. nocturna, Hmpsn 617 

Copidryas, Grote 618 

154. gloveri (Grote ^^Rob.). . 618 
Euschirroptenis, frrofe 619 

155. valkeri, Hmpsn 619 

156. poeyi, Grote 620 

157. discifera, Hmpsn 621 

Tuerta, Wlk 622 

158. platensis {Berr/) 622 

159. chrysochlora, 'Wlk 623 

160. liturata (Auriv.) 623 

161. transiens, i/;/?7;.«7? 624 

162. triineni (Feld.) 624 

163. sabiilnsa (lioisd.) 625 

164. rufodiscalis (i?oM.«.) .. 626 

165. memnonia {Karsch) . . 626 

166. semyron (Herr.-Schdff.). 627 

167. dispar (Roths.) 627 

Omphaloceps, Hmpsn 628 

168. daria (Bruce) 628 

169. triangularis (31 ab.) 628 

Ilespagarista, Wlk 629 

170. echione (Boisd.) 629 

171. caudata (Be7v.) 630 

172. rendalli (Boths.) 631 

1 73. inclusa (Karsch) 631 

Syfania, Oberth 632 

' 174. diibernardi, Obe?-th 632 

175. dejeani, Oberth 632 

176. giraudeaiii, Oberth 633 

177. bieti (Oberth.) 633 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



XIX 



fage 
Pseudalypia, //. Eilw 6^4 

178. crotchi, //. Edw 634 

Alypia, Huhn 635 

179. mac-ciillocbi, Kirby . . . . 635 

180. disparata, H. Echv 636 

181. brannani, Stretch 636 

182. octomaculata (Fabr.) . . 637 

183. dipsaci {Grote ^- Hob.) . . 638 

184. langtoni, Couj) 639 

185. niariposa, Grate ^- Bob. . 639 

186. lidingsi, Grote 640 

Al3'piodes, Grote 641 

187. biniaciilata(^t-n-.-AS'67ja/:)641 

188. radians {Boisd.) 642 

189. valkeri (Bruce) 642 

Massaga, Wlk 642 

190. maritona, Butl 643 

191. virescens, Butl 643 

192. monteirona, Butl 644 

Massagidia, Jfmpsn 644 

193. hesparia {Cram.) 644 

Ophtlialmis, Hilbn 645 

194. darna {nruce) 646 

195. svinhoei [Semp.) 646 

196. erioyis [Herr. -Schii f. ). . 646 

197. haemorrhoidalis (Guer.). 64'^ 

198. proxantbia, Bot/is 647 

199. cincta (Boisd.) . 647 

200. lincea (Cram.) 648 

201. milete (Cram.) 648 

202. funebris (Moore) 649 



Page 

203. piivata (WlJc.) 650 

204. floresiana (Roths.) 6')0 

205. basalis, Roths 651 

Diamuna, Wlk 651 

206. falcata (Bruce) 651 

207. primulina (Bruce) 652 

208. severa (Cram.) 653 

209. hesperiiia (Herr.-Schqf.) 653 

210. proserpina (Cram.) .... 653 
Schalifroiitia, Hmpsn 654 

211. furcifer, Hmpsn 654 

Parotliria, Hmpsn 654 

212. ecuadorina ( PTes^?^.) .. 655 
Othria, Herr.-Schliff. 655 

213. aiigias, Herr.-Schdff. . . 655 
Seirocast7iia, Grote 656 

214. amalthea (Balm.) 657 

215. panameusis, Hmpsn. . . 657 

216. volupia (Bruce) 657 

217. tribima (Hilbn.) 658 

218. pr^fecta (Bruce) 658 

219. meridiana (Schaus) .... 659 

220. columbina ( Westw.) . . 659 
Phasidia, Hnpsn 659 

221. contraria ( Wlk.) 659 

Phpsis, Wlk 660 

222. noctilux ( Wlk.) 660 

223. mardava, Bruce 661 

Longicella, Jord 661 

224. mollis ( Wlk.) 661 

225. luctifera {Boisd.) 662 



CATALOGUE 



OF 



LEPIDOPTERA PHAL^NJ). 



Subfamily ARCTIAN^. 

Proboscis more or less aborted in the typical genera Arctiay 
Diacrisia, and allies, fully developed in most Neotropical genera, 
and also in Utetheisa^ /Secusio, and their allies; palpi slight and 
porrect or well developed and upturned ; ocelli present ; eyes 
rarely hairy ; antennas pectinate or ciliate ; tibial spurs typically 
small but often well developed, the hind tibiae with the medial 
spurs absent in a few genera and the fore tibiae in others with 
curved apical claw, the mid and hind tibiae rarely spined. Wings 
usually well developed, sometimes aborted in the females of Ocno- 
gyna etc. Fore wing with vein 1 a separate from 1 6 ; 5 from 
near lower angle of cell or well below angle of discocellulars ; 6 
from or from near upper angle, except in the very abnormal genus 
Psycharium, where it is from near middle of discocellulars in both 
wings ; areole present in many genera. Hind wing with vein 1 a 
present ; 1 c absent ; 4 often absent ; 5 from near lower angle of 
cell or well below angle of discocellulars ; 6, 7 sometimes coincident ; 
8 coincident with the cell from or almost from base to near middle, 
extremity, or in Automolis and some other forms sometimes to 
beyond angle of cell; in Thalesa, CaratJiis, Ochrodota, and some 
species of Melese and Halisidota obsolete. 

The species of Automolis etc. which have veins 6, 7 of hind wing 
coincident and vein 8 from or from beyond upper angle of cell can 
be distinguished from the Syntomidce by the stalk of the coincident 
veins 6, 7 being slightly curved towards the costa at base. 

The Agaristid genus Pseudospiris and some genera of Noctuidce 
have acquired the Arctid character of vein 8 of the hind wing 
becoming coincident with the cell to near middle, but in these it 

VOL. III. B 



a ARCTIAD^. 

appears to be alwaj-s free at the base, this being* rarely the case in 
the Arctids ; this occurs in various parts of the Noctuidce^ such as 
Stilbia in the Caradrinince, Rhanidopliora ., and Eligma in the 
NoctuincE ; several genera in the Tarache group, all the genera of 
Sarrothripince, several of the allies of Acontia (these last two having 
also the Arctid character of a bar-shaped retinaculum), and many 
genera in the Hypenince. 

The nearest allies of the Arctiadce among the Noctaidoi seem to 
be the Sarrothripince and Acontiance, the former being collaterals of 
the LithosiancB, the latter of the Arctiance. 

Larvae with all the prologs present ; the tubercles normal, con- 
verted into large warts beaiing many hairs and forming a cocoon 
of silk interwoven with hair. 

In the abnormal Tyria jacobwce the warts have only one hair, 
except V which has two hairs and vii with four, this reduction of 
the hair being correlated with its warning coloration. 



Key to the Genera. 

A. Hind >ving with vein 4 absent. 

a. Fore wing with vein 10 stalked with 7, 8, 9. 
a^. Fore wing with vein 9 absent. 

a^. Palpi rostrifortn, downcur red Holomelina, p, 188. 

b"^. Palpi short, not reachmg beyond the frons. 
a^. Hind tibia? with the medial spurs absent ... Epimydia, p. 203. 
P. Hind tibiae with the medial spurs present... Eupuepia, p. 203. 
b^. Fore wing with vein 9 present. 

fl2. Fore wing with veins 3, 4 stalked Neonerita, p. 37. 

b'^. Fore wing with vein 3 from angle of cell. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 coincident, 
a*. Fore wing with vein 11 stalked with 7, 8, 

9, 10; palpi porrect Pseudalus, p. 253. 

6^. Fore wing with vein 11 from cell; palpi 
upturned. 
a\ Palpi reaching vertex of head ; hind wing 

with the costa lobed Pkemolis, p. 26. 

6'. Palpi reaching middle of frous; hind wing 

with the costa evenly curved . . Eupseudosoma, p. 27. 

b^. Hind wing with vein 8 stalked with 6, 7 ... Demolis, p. 31. 
c3. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked, 8 from 
cell. 
a*. Fore wing with vein 7 from 8 bej^ond 9 ... Virbia, p. 197. 

b^. Fore wing with vein 7 from 8 before 9 Aphyle, p. 19. 

d^. Hind wing with veins (>, 7 from cell Thykomolis, p. 68. 

c^. Fore wing with vein 3 from before angle of 
cell, 
a^. Hind wing with veins 3, 5 stalked or coin- 
cident. 
a^. Fore wing with vein 10 from 8, 9 beyond 7. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 3, 5 and 6, 7 coin- 
cident. 
a^. Hind wing with vein 2 stalked with 6 ... JNeaxta, p. 30. 

¥. Hind wing with vein 2 from cell Eriostepta, p. 30. 

¥. Hind wing with veins 3, 5 and 6, 7 stalked. 
a^. Palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head. Ar^gmolis, p. 38. 



PHTLOGENY OF THE ARCTIAN 



[To face page 2. 









PremolU. Nmxia 










NeidaJia. Aphyle. 


Eupseudosoma. Eriostopla. Demotis. 






RMimonia. 


Idalm. PhaomolK. 




Keuneriia. 
Amaxia. Araomolie. 








1 




Thyrarctia. 


Prunmla. 




Eelus. Parevia. 










Castrica. Tht/romolK. Cissura. 








Automo'M. Hyperandra. 


mL. 










Bj^Mia. 


BertlxMia. 


Xanthophaina. Ncozatrephes. Nezula. 








1 ...... 

Ammalo. GlaiKosto 
Hypn-thaim. Ochrodot 


a. Pachydoia 


Carafhk. Dialeucias. Syntarctia. Ischnocampa. 










la. BarUius. 


Trkypha. Ophanis. 


\ 




1 
a. Pdochnta 

ElysL. 


Hemihi/akn. Pseudophar 






Tessettarciitt. 












Arcwgyrta. 


Holomelina. Epimydia. Leptarctia. 






Halisia 


Metamnth 
Ota. BUiiri/.v. 


a. Agor^a. 
NerUos. Ty 


Ewhiienidia. Virbia. Antiotricha. Hyalocoa. Euprepia. Hyphoraia. Laora. Ocnogynn. 


Pseudalus. Acantharctia. 






ria. Bri/cea. Heliactinidia. Belemnia. Diospage. 


Ardices. Manas. 


Eueryihra. Amsaefa. Hyphantria. 


Ecpantlu^a. 




1 




Cymarctia. Belemniastis. Phragmaiobia. Diacrisia. 


Creatonotus. Estigrnene. 


Arachnis. 




ProtoTmlis. JEmUia. 




Stenophaa. Pericallia. 




Apante.'ds. Codiosoma. Hi/pomolia. Pygarctia. Slmarctia. 










i 


Seirarctia. 






1 
Chlorhoda. Siom/chopm. 






Hirpor. 


Heliozona 
isias. mLa. 


Prepa.TCtia. 




E<Kh,Bhs. 


Tumptiana. 








1 
Tes'elhta. 














Melacrias. 










Pamnerila. Malhc^hala. Chlanidophora. 


Anaphela. Tiramfona. 








Calidota. 


Pitanc. Huponerita. Antarctia. Caridarctia. Proschaliphora. Maxia. Parasemia. Emhnria. Biiarctia. Carcinarctia. Pteroodes. 


Hiera. Aiolmis. Baroa. Axinpama. 




Metacr 




1 
PuThw,. 


Parades. Cremnophora. Frocanthia. Eutiema. Arctia. 


Cymbalophora. Vtetheisa. 
B.}pU>a. 


Secmio. Rhodogastria. Migoplastis. 




Stenucha. Psychanum. Grammarctia. 


Ectypm. 


Paraptaaiis. llemodes. 



ARCTIANJi:. 

b^. Palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of 

head Piij50M0L1s, p. 20. 

c^. Palpi short, oblique. 
a''. Fore wing with vein 5 from angle of 

cell EOBINSONIA, p. 10. 

U* . Fore wing with vein 5 from well above 

angle of cell Castrica, p. 67. 

b^. Fore wing with vein 10 from 8, 9 before 7. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 6 7 coincident. 
a^. Hind wing with vein 2 from close to 

angle of cell Amaxia, p. 32. 

i^. Hind wing with vein 2 from well before 

angle of cell Evius, p. 36. 

6\ Hind wing with veins 6, 7 strongly stalked. Parevia, p. 38. 
c'. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from angle of 

cell Hyperandra, p. 69. 

b^. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from cell. 
a^. Fore wing with vein 10 from 8, 9 beyond 7. 
a". Hind wing with veins 6, 7 coincident. 
a^. Fore wing with vein 11 stalked with 7, 

8,9,10 Neidalia, p. 13. 

¥. Fore wing with vein 11 from the cell ... Idalus, p. 14. 

b^. Hind wing with A^eins 6, 7 stalked Prumala, p. 21. 

M. Fore wing with vein 10 from 8, 9 before 7. 
rt\ Thorax with sharp triangular dorsal crest. Thyrarctia, p. 9. 
¥. Thorax without dorsal crest. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked or 

coincident Automolis, p. 39. 

b^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from angle of 
cell. 
a^ . Hind wing with vein 8 from close to 

angle of cell Hypidalia, p. 70. 

W . Hind wing with vein 8 from middle of 

cell Belemnia, p. 207. 

b. Fore wing with vein 10 not stalked with 7, 8. 9. 
a^. Fore wing with vein 9 stalked with 7, 8. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 stalked 
a^. Hind tibiee with the medial spurs absent ... Nezula, p. 97. 
b^. Hind tibiaj with the medial spurs present ... Neritos, p. 177. 
b^. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from cell. 
a^. Fore wing with veins 10, 11 stalked. 



Fore wing with the lower part of cell short, 



the upper part produced Neozatrephes, p. 96. 

b^. Fore wing with the cell normal Dialeucias, p. 97. 

b^. Fore wing with veins 10, 11 from cell. 
a^. Palpi upturned. 

a^. Hind wing with vein 8 aborted Thalesa, p. 145. 

¥. Hind wing with vein 8 fully developed. 

a". Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked HiEjiANOTA, p. 87. 

b^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from cell. 
a?. Fore wing with vein 3 from angle of 

cell Glaucostola, p. 87. 

b'^. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before 

angle of cell Pseudopiiarus, p. 133. 

6^. Palpi porrect Hypomolis, p. 414. 

b^. Fore wing with vein 9 from 10 anastomosing 
with 8 to form the areole, 
or. Fore wing with veins 9, 10 arising from 11 ... Paranerita, p. 439. 
6^. Fore wing with vein 11 free Hyponerita, p. 440. 

s'2 



4 ARCTIADiE. 

B. Hind wing with vein 4 present. 

a. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 coincident, 

a}. Fore wing with veins 4, 5 stalked Cissura, p. 70. 

h^. Fore wing with veins 4, 5 from cell. 
a?. Hind wing with vein 8 stalked with 7, rarely 
obsolete. 

w^. Proboscis aborted, minute Euerythra, p.^254, 

63. Proboscis fully developed Melese, p. 72. 

b^. Hind wing with vein 8 from the cell Behtholdia, p. 78. 

h. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 not coincident. 
a}. Fore wing with vein 11 stalked with 10. 
a?. Fore wing with veins 10, 11 stalked from 

7, 8, 9 Syntarctia, p. 98. 

6^. Fore wing with veins 10, 11 stalked from cell. 

d^. Hind wing with vein 8 absent Caratiiis, p. 95. 

h^. Hind wing with vein 8 present, 
a*. Fore wing with vein 6 from upper angle of 

cell or stalked with 7, 8, 9 Pachydota, p. 92. 

h^. Fore wing with vein 6 from below angle of 

cell Baritius, p. 99. 

c^. Fore wing with vein 10 from 11 anastomosing Z_7? ! 

with 7, 8, 9 to form the areole Tyria, p.^185. 

h^. Fore wing with vein 11 from the cell. 
a-. Both wings with vein 6 from or from close to 
angle of cell. 
a^. Fore wing with veins 7 and 10 stalked ; 

8, 9 absent Arctagyrta, p. 173. 

*6^. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked. 
a^. Proboscis more or less aborted. 
«\ Hind tibiae with the medial spurs absent. 
a^. Fore tibiag with curved apical claw. 
a? . Head with corneous process on vertex . Acantharctia, p. 321, 
//. Head without corneous process on 
vertex. 
a^. Head and thorax clothed with rougli 
hair. 

aP. Eyes small Ocnogyna, p. 225. 

b^. Eyes large Hyphantria, p. 335. 

b^. Head and thorax smoothly scaled Amsacta, p. 322. 

b'^. Fore tibiae without apical claw. 

a^. Eyes hairy Leptarctia, p. 220. 

b''. Eyes smooth, 
a^. Head and thorax clothed with rough 

woolly hair M/ENAs, p. 247. 

b^. Head and thorax smoothly scaled. 
aP. Fore wing narrow ; abdomen 

smoothly sealed at base Creatonotus, p. 331. 

b^. Fore wing broad; abdomen with 

some rough hair at base of dorsum . EcpantheriA, p.' 365. 
6'. Hind tibiae with the medial spurs present. 

a^. Fore tibiae with curved apical claw Estigmene, p. 338. 

b^. Fore tibiae without apical claw. 
a7 . Eyes hairy. 

a^. Eyes small Hyphoraia, p. 222. 

¥, Eyes large Ardices, p. 245. 

b'^. Eyes smooth. 
a^. Thorax clothed with rough woolly hair. 
a^. Eyes small. 
a'°. Thorax and abdomen clothed with 

very long hair Laors p. 225. 

* In the male of Tricypha vein 10 is from the cell. 



AKCTIANJE. O 

6^". Thorax and abdomen more smoothly 

scaled Piiragmatobia, p. 233. 

b^. Eyes large Diacrisia, p. 256. 

b^. Thorax smoothly scaled. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked ... Hyalocoa, p. 202. 
b^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from cell. 
a^°. xVbdomen clothed with rough hair 

on base of dorsum Arachnis, p. 389. 

b^'^. Abdomen with the dorsum smoothly 

scaled except 1st segment Pericallia, p. 350. 

b*. Proboscis fully developed. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 4, 5 stalked. 

a^. Mid and hind tibios spined Diospage, p. 211. 

b^. Mid and hind tibise not spined. 
a''. Fore wing with vein 6 stalked with 

7, 8, 9, 10 PsychophAsma, p. 144. 

b''. Fore wing with vein 6 from the cell ... Tricypha, p. 102. 
¥. Hind wing with vein 5 from the cell. 
a^. Palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head. 

a^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked Euchl^nidia, p. 186. 

6'''. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from cell. 
a*^. Hindwingwith vein5from angle of cell. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint broadly 
scaled ; fore wing with vein 6 from 

angle of cell Xanthoph^eina, p. 82. 

0°. Palpi with the 2nd joint smoothly 
scaled ; fore wing with vein 6 from 

below angle of cell AooRiEA, p. 173. 

b*^. Hind wing with vein 5 from well 

above angle of cell Metaxanthia, p. 172. 

b^. Palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of 

head, the 3rd joint short Ammalo, p. 83. 

c^. Palpi upturned, the 3rd joint porrect ... Ischnocampa, p. 114. 
d^. Palpi porrect, reaching well beyond the 

frons Preparctia, p. 219. 

e^. Palpi porrect, short. 
a7. Hind tibiae with the medial spurs absent. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked ... Antiotricha, p. 201. 
b^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from cell .. Heliozona, p. 218. 
b''. Hind tibiae with the medial spurs 
present. 
a^. Antennae with the shaft dilated' just 

beyond middle Belemniastis, p. 213. 

b^. Antenna3 with the shaft not dilated. 
a^. Fore wing with vein 7 from 8, 9 
before 10. 
a}'^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked . Heliactinidia, p. 205. 
6^°. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from cell. Nic^ea, p. 218. 
b^. Fore wing with vein 7 from 8, 9 

beyond 10 Bituryx, p. 175. 

c^. Fore wing with veins 7, 8, 9 stalked, 10 

from cell. 
a*. Palpi upturned. 
a^. Abdomen dorsally clothed with long hair 
at base. 

a^. Fore libiaa with curved apical claw Hyalarctia, p. 143. 

b^. Fore tibiae without apical claw. 
a'. Fore wing with vein 3 from or from 
close to angle of cell. 
a^. Hind wing with vein 8 absent Ociirodota, p. 89. 



AKCTIADJ5. 

5**. Hind wing with vein 8 present. 
a^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 
vertex of head. 
a}^. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned . Pelochyta, p. 103. 
6^°. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect ... Opuarus, p. 117. 
hr^. Palpi with the 2nd joint not reaching 
vertex of head. 
a}^. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned. 
a}'^. Hind wing with veins 4,5 stalked. Hyperth^ma, p. 88. 
611. Hind wing with veins 4, o from 

cell Tessellarotia, p. 90. 

h^^. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect ... Hemihyalea, p. 129. 
b"^ . Fore wing with vein 3 from well before 
angle of cell. 
a!^. Palpi with the 2nd joint reaching 

vertex of head Elysius, p. 105. 

h^. Palpi with the 2nd joint not reaching 
vertex of head. 
a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned. 

a}^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked . Brycea, p. 187. 
^h^^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from cell. Halisidota, p. 145. 

b^. Palpi with the 3rd joint porrect Amastus, p. 134. 

b^. Abdomen smoothly scaled at base Protomolis, p. 182. 

¥. Palpi porrect. 

a^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked Cyanarctia, p. 206. 

b^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from cell. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked to 

near termen, 5 from cell Ciiloriioda, p. 421. 

b^. Hind wing with veins 4, 5 stalked, 3 
from cell. 
cP. Fore wing with vein 6 from upper angle 
of cell ; hind wing with vein 8 obso- 
lescent Emilia, p. 182. 

h~. Fore wing with vein 6 from well below 
angle of cell ; hind wing with vein 8 

fully developed Stenarctia, p. 417- 

c^. Hind wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from cell. 
a'. Hind tibiae with the medial spurs absent. 
a^. Fore tibias with curved apical claw. 
a^. Head and thorax clothed with rough 

hair Seirarctia, p. 422. 

b^. Head and thorax smoothly scaled ... Dionyciiopus, p. 424. 

b^. Fore tibia; without apical claw Turuptiana, p. 425. 

b'' . Plind tibiae with the medial spurs 

present. 
«^. Fore tibire with curved apical claw ... Pygarctia, p. 415. 
b*^. Fore tibite without apical claw. 
a^. F^ore wing with vein 3 from near angle 
of cell. 
a}^. Fore wing narrow. 
a}^-. Head and tiiorax clothed with 

woolly hair Codiosoma, p. 413. 

6^'. Head and thorax smoothly scaled. Stenoph^a, p. 215. 
b^^. Fore wing broad. 
a}*-. Proboscis aborted, minute. 
a}~. Abdomen dorsally clothed with 

rough hair Apantesis, p. 395. 

/>^^. Abdomen smoothly scaled Eucii^tes, p. 417. 



* Except in H. sthot 



AECTIANJE. 7 

6^^. Proboscis fully developed Hypocrisias, p. 21G. 

b^. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before 
angle of cell. 

a}^. Proboscis aborted, minute Tessellota, p, 430. 

ft^°. Proboscis fully developed Metackisia, p. 431. 

d^. Fore wing with vein 9 from 10, or 9 and 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form the areole. 

a*. Fore wing with veins 4, 5 stalked Atolmis, p. 477. 

b^. Fore wing with veins 4, 5 from cell. [p. 456. 

a^. Hind wing with veins 4, 5 stalked. Phryganopteuyx, 

b^. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 stalked Anaphela, p. 461. 

<?'. Hind wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from cell. 
a^. Proboscis aborted, minute. 

a?. Palpi obliquely upturned Euvern a, p. 457. 

b''. Palpi poi-rect. 
a*^. Hind tibias with the medial spurs 
abi-ent. 
a''. Fore tibiae with curved apical claw. 
«^°. Head and thorax clothed with long 

hair Metacrias, p. 467. 

6^°. Head and thorax smoothly scaled... Teracotona, p. 469. 

, h^. Fore tibiiXi without apical claw Mallocephala, p. 443. 

b^. Hind tibise with the medial 8pursj)re- 
sent. 
a". Fore tibiie with curved apical claw. 
a^'^. Frons with truncate conical pro- 
minence Ohlanidophora, p. 451. 

6^°. Frons with rounded prominence ... Caridarctia, p. 452. 
c^°. Frons without prominence. 
a}^. Abdomen dorsally clothed with 

long hair Carcinarctia, p. 472. 

b^^. Abdomen dorsally nearly smoothly 

scaled Cymbalopiiora, p. 472. 

6^. Fore tibiae without apical claw. 
0.^°. Frons with long bifid process and 

excised plate below Proschaliphora, 

6^^. Frons with rounded prominence [p. 454, 

ending in a point and curved plate 

below Procanthia, p 454. 

c^'^. Frons without prominence, 
a'^ Tibite with the spurs long ; abdo- 
men slender Parasemia, p. 458. 

6'^ Tibiffi with the spurs short; abdo- 
men stout. 
a}"^. Head and thorax clothed with 
long hair. 



13 



Tibiffi clothed with long hair ... Antarctia, p. 444. 



h^^. TibiiE smoothly scaled.- 
«'*. Shaft of antennae with ridges 

of rough scales above Eucharia, p. 460. 

b^^. Shaft of antennas smoothly 
scaled, 
a^^. Fore wing with veins 9, 10 
anastomosing with 8 to form 

the areole Euarctia, p. 462. 

6^5. Fore wing with vein 9 from 
10 anastomosing with 8 to 

form the areole Arctia, p, 463. 

6^-, Head and thorax smoothly scaled. Ectypia, p. 475. 
b^. Proboscis fully developed. 
a?. Frons with truncate prominence Cremnophora, p, 453. 



ARCTIAD^, 

IP. Froiis with rounded prominence Grammarctia, p. 455. 

c'. Frons without prominence. 
a^. Palpi with tiie 3rd joint porrect. 
a^. Fore wing with vein 3 from close to 
angle of cell ; hind wing with vein 8 
from middle of cell. 
a}°. Antenna3 pectinate in both sexes ; 
hind wing with vein 5 from angle 

of cell C A LI DOT A, p. 432 J 

5^°. Antennae simple in both sexes ; hind 
wing with vein 5 from above angle 
of cell. 

a^'. Palpi with the 3rd joint long Pteroodes, p. 476. 

¥^. Palpi with the 3rd joint short Axiopcena, p. 497. 

b^. Fore wing with vein 3 from long before 
angle of cell ; hind wing with vein 8 
from near end of cell. 

a}^. Proboscis hairy towards base Pitane, p. 438. 

6^°. Proboscis smooth Migoplastis, p. 506. 

b^. Palpi with the 3rd joint upturned. 
a^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 strongly- 
stalked HiERA, p. 477. 

b^. Hind wing with veins 6, 7 from angle 
of cell or shortly stalked. 
a^°. Fore wing with the areole long and 
narrow, 
a^^ Tibige with the inner spurs long ... Rtiodogastria, p. 498. 
6^\ Tibias with the inner spurs short ... Maz^ras, p. 441. 
6^°. Fore wing with the areole shorter 
and broad. 

a}''-. Hind tibise with the spurs long Baroa, p. 478. 

6^^. Hind tibiee with the spui's short ... Utetheisa, p. 480. 
c^. Hind wing with vein 6 from below 

angle of cell Purius, p. 442. 

c^. Palpi porrect. 
a^. Palpi with the 3rd joint long and 

downcurved , . . . Secusio, p. 488. 

b^. Palpi with the 3rd joint short Haploa, p. 492. 

e^. Fore wing with veins 7, 8 and 9, 10 stalked. 
a*. Proboscis aborted ; palpi porrect. 
rt\ Head, thorax, and abdomen clothed with 

long hair Paracles, p. 450. 

^^ Head, thorax, and abdomen smoothly 

scaled Stenucha, p. 450. 

b^. Proboscis fully developed. 

w>. Palpi upturned Paraplastis, p. 508. 

b^. Palpi porrect Ilemodes, p. 508. 

b"^. Both wings with vein 6 from middle of disco- 

eellulars Psyciiarium. p. 451. 



THYRARCTIA. 



Genus THYRARCTIA, uov. 

Type, T. cedo-nulli. 

Proboscis small; palpi upturned, uot reaching vertex of head, the 2nd joint 
fringed with scales in front, the 3rd minute ; antennae jDCctinate with moderate 
branches; a small triangular crest between antennaB; tegulte with curled hair 
at apices; thorax with high triangular crest ; tibiae fringed with long hair; 
abdomen with lateral anal tufts. Fore wing with the costa arched ; the termen 
strongly angled at vein 5 ; vein 3 from long before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from 
angle; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 10 from before 7 ; 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with the termen slightly angled at veins 5 and 1 b ; vein 3 from 
before angle of cell, 5 from angle, 4 absent ; 6, 7 coincident and shortly stalked 
with 8. 

*1194. Thyrarctia cedo-nulli. 

Bomhyx cedo-nulli, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 346. A, B (1782) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 852. 

S. Pale red-brown; palpi white in front; frons barred with 
white ; basal joint of antennae white ; legs with extremities of 
femora and tibiae and the greater part of tarsi white; abdomen with 
orange subdorsal fasciae and lateral black spots except on termiual 
segments, the ventral surface white. Fore wing with slight white 
striga below base of cell ; an oblique line from origin of vein 3 to 
inner margin before middle : some dark brown above and below 




Fig. 1. — Thyrarctia cedo-nulli, <$ . 



origin of vein 2, bisected below it b}^ a pale striga ; the end of cell 
and area just beyond it dark suffused with blue-grey, and with 
blue-grey lines on its inner edge and discocellulars and an inverted 
decanter-shaped yellowish hyaline mark in end of cell ; a point 
beyond the cell below vein 6 and three irregular spots between veins 
2 and 5 with three spots on termen beyond them ; a triangular 
subapical patch with its inner edge indented and crossed by two 
brown veins ; cilia whitish intersected with brown. Hind wing 
with the interspaces between veins 2 and 5 hyaline, the inner area 
darker. 

Hah. 8tjkinam ; Brazil, Rio Janeiro. Exp. 56 millim. 



10 AECTIAD^. 

Genus ROBINSONIA. ^ 

Bohinsonia, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Pliilad. v. p. 241 (1865) formula. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi short, obliquely upturned ; antennae of male 
serrate and fasciculate ; tibia? with the spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed 
with rough hair towards base. Fore wing with vein 3 from before angle of 
cell; 4, 5 from angle; from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 7 being given 
off before 10 ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with A'-eins 3 and 5 stalked, 4 absent ; 
6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with the apex produced, the termen oblique, especially 
in <S. 

A. Fore wing white, with brown costal fascia and basal 

mark only sabata. 

B. Fore wing brown, with triangular white patch extending 

to apex grotei. 

C. Fore wing brown, with two white spots below apex. 

a. Fore wing with triangular white spot beyond the 

cell, 
a^. Fore wing without subterminal white streaks or 

spots deiopea. 

b^. Fore wing Avith subterminal white streaks or 
spots. 
a^. Fore wing with elliptical white patch below the 

cell 'polyphagia. 

b'^. Fore wing with triangular white patch in and 

below the cell sanea. 

b. Fore wing with elliptical white spot beyond the cell, flavomarginata. 

c. Fore wing with three white spots beyond the cell 

between veins 2 and 6 lefaivrei. 

*li95. Robinsonia sabata. 

Eobinsouia sabata, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xvi. p. 36 (1895); id. Biol, 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 390, pi. 77. f. 5. 

2 . Head and thorax yellow-brown; palpi and antennae blackish; 
trons and vertex of head with white patches, the latter yellow 
behind ; tegulse and patagia with white patches ; fore legs brown, 
mid and hind legs white ; abdomen orange with dorsal series of 
white points, the ventral surface white. Fore wing pure white 
with yellow-brown costal fascia, tapering to a point at apex and at 
base expanding into a triangular spot with a white point on it. 
Hind wing pure white. 

JIah. Be. Honduras, Belize (Sir A. Moloney), type $ in Coll. 
Druce. Eccjy. 52 millim. This species is unknown to me. 



1196. Robinsonia grotei. 

Robinsonia grotei, Schaus, Can. Ent. xxvii. p. 61 (1895) ; Druce, Biol. Oentr,- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 390, pi. 77. f. 2. 

Head and thorax pale brown ; tips of palpi and frons white ; 
vertex of head orange ; tegulse, patagia, and metathorax with large 
white patches ; pectus white, orange in front ; legs white and 



BOBINSONIA. 11 

brown ; abdomen oranj^e with slight dorsal and lateral black points. 
Fore wing brown, with lanceolate silvery-white patch in submedian 
interspace from near base to near termen extending just into the cell 




Fig. 2. — Robinsonia grotei, (^ . ]-. 

and below vein 1 ; a wedge-shaped patch from apex to just below 
vein 3 extending into end of cell. Hind wing semihyaline white. 

Bab. Mexico, Jalapa ; Costa E-ica, Candelaria Mts. (Under wood. 
Van Patten), Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Tetnidad ; Brazil, Rio Janeiro, 
type t in Coll. Schaus ; Peru. E.xy., d 52, $ 56 millim. 

*1197. Robinsonia deiopea. 

Robinsonia deiopea, Druce, A, M. N", H. (6) xvi. p. 37 (1895); id. Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 390, pi. 77. f. 9. 

$ . Head and thorax brown ; palpi and antennae black ; frons 
and vertex of head white, the latter yellow behind ; thorax brown, 
the tegulae, patagia, and metathora.x with white patches ; legs 
greyish white ; abdomen orange \A'ith dorsal white points, lateral 
black spots on terminal segments, the ventral surface white. Fore 
wing yellow-brown, some yellowish white at base of inner margin ; 
a triangular white patch below the cell extending just into it ; a 
large triangular patch beyond the cell from just above vein to 
below 3 ; two conjoined subapical spots and a spot above tornus. 
Hind wing pure white. 

Hah. Br. Honduras, Belize {Sir A. Moloneif), type $ in Coll. 
Druce. Exjp. 52 millim. This species is unknown to me. 



*1198. Robinsonia polyplagia. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 1.) 

Robinsonia polyplagia, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 266 (1901). 

S . Palpi blackish with white lateral patches on the joints ; head 
white with black bar above frons, the back of head orange; antennae 
black ; thorax brown, with large white patches on tegulse, patagia^ 
and metathorax ; legs with fuscous streaks ; abdomen brownish 
orange. Fore wing pale yellow-brown, two white points at base, a 
slight streak below base of costa and two in end of cell ; an elliptical 
silvery-white patch below the cell and triangular patch beyond it ; 
a white streak on middle of inner margin and small spot on vein 1 
just beyond middle; a slight streak on vein 7; two elongate spots 



12 



ARCTIADJi;. 



below apex and one above tornus, with streaks in the interspaces 
between them and one on terminal part of inner margin. Hind 
wing silvery white. 

Hah. Venezuela, Area, type t in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 42 millim. 

*1199. Robinsonia sanea. 

Rohinsonia sanea, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xvi. p. 37 (1895) ; id. Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 390, pi. 77. f. 3. 

(5" . Head and thorax brown, the vertex of head, tegulae, patagia, 
and vertex of thorax with white patches ; abdomen brownish 
orange, the ventral surface white. Fore wing yellow-brown ; some 
yellowish white at base of inner margin ; a triangular white patch 
in and below middle of cell extending to inner margin ; a tri- 
angular white patch beyond the cell from just above vein 6 to vein 
3, with an elongate spot below it extending to termen and another 
above inner margin ; two conjoined subapical spots and spots on 
termen at veins 5, 4, and 2. Hind wing pure white. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui (Trotsch)^ type (S in Coll. Staudinger. 
Eicp. 30 millim. This species is unknown to me. 

*1200. Robinsonia flavomarginata. (Plate XXXYI. fig. 14.) 

Rohinsonia flavomargi7mt a, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) iii. p. 466 (1899). 

2 . Head and thorax blackish ; palpi, frons, vertex of head, 
tegulae, and patagia with white spots ; thorax with orange- fulvous 
patch; throat yellow; pectus white; legs striped with black; 
abdomen blackish above, with orange-fulvous dorsal stripe, the 
ventral surface white with fuscous bands. Fore wing blackish, 
with broad orange subcostal fascia from near base to the costa 
before apex ; a white point at base ; a large somewhat wedge- 
shaped patch in submedian interspace ; obscure brown-tinged 
streaks above veins 2 and 3 ; a large wedge-shaped patch beyond 
the cell above veins 4, 5 ; a series of subterminal spots, those above 
veins 2 and 6 larger. Hind wing semihyaline white, with fuscous 
terminal band from costa to below vein 2 where it runs inwards ; a 
diffused fuscous streak on inner area. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota, type 1 2 in Mus. Oxon. jE'o^^. 50 millim. 

*1201. Robinsonia lefaivrei. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 8.) 

Rohinsonia lefaivrei, Schaus, Can. Ent. xxvii. p. 62 (1895). 

J . Head and thorax dark brown, pairs of white spots on and 
above frons, on vertex, on basal joint of antennae, and two pairs on 
tegulae ; patagia with white patches ; neck orange ; pectus white ; 
legs striped with brown ; abdomen brown with dorsal orange stripe, 
the ventral surface white. Fore wing brown with subcostal orange 
stripe ; vein 1 and the veins towards termen slightly streaked with 
orange ; a large somewhat wedge-shaped hyaline white patch in 
submedian interspace ; two spots towards apex, a quadrate patch 



ROBINSONIA. NEIDALIA. 13! 

above vein 4 and wedge-shaped patches above veins 2 and 3 ; a 
white streak on middle of inner margin. Hind wing white with 
fuscous streaks on veins 2 and 1, the former expanding into a patch 
on termen ; veins 3 and 5 shortly stalked. 

Hah. Brazil, K-io Janeiro, type t c? in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 46' 
millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing short and broad. 

*1202. Robinsonia formula. 

BoUnsonia formula. Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 241, pi. 4. f. 3 
(1865) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 235. 

(S . Head and thorax brown ; vertex of head, tegulae, and patagia 
with large white patches ; back of head and throat with orange 
spots ; legs fuscous striped with white ; abdomen orange-red. Fore 
wing brown, with large fusiform white patch below the cell almost 
conjoined to a small similar spot above tornus ; an oblique band 
from apex to vein 3 conjoined to a large triangular patch arising 
in end of cell. Hind wing white ; the tornus yellowish ; cilia 
fuscous. 

Hah. Cuba, in Coll. Staudinger. Exp. 38 millim. 

Genus NEIDALIA, nov. 

Type, N. villacresi. 

Proboscis absent; palpi obliquely upturned, not reaching vertex of head; 
antennee of male serrate and fasciculate; head, thorax, abdomen, and legs 
clothed with rough hair ; tibiae with the spurs short. Fore wing with vein 3 
from before angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 
10, 11 stalked, 10 from beyond 7. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle 
of cell ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 coincident and 8 strongly stalked with them. 

*1203. Neidalia villacresi. 

Idalus villacresi, Dognin, Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxxviii. p. 238 (1894) ; id. 
Lep. Loja, p. 103, pi. 11. f. 2. 

<S . Orange-red ; palpi, fore femora above, the femoro-tibial 
joints and tarsi black; ventral surface of abdomen with diffused 




blackish bands. Fore wing with very oblique black line from 
below costa beyond middle to above inner margin before middle, 
crossing an ochreous white streak on median nervure, expanding 
in end of cell and with a patch on it below the cell, the veins 
beyond it black. Hind wing with a slight crimson tinge. 

Hab. Ecuador, Zamora, typef (^ in Coll. Dognin. Exi?. 4(> 
millim. 



14 ARCTIAD^. 

Genus IDALUS. 

Type. 

Em'pusa, Hiibn. Verz. p. 170 (1827); nee 111. Orth. (1798) admirohilis. 

Idalus, Wlk. iii. 645 (1855) admirahilis. 

Lampnma, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 231 rosea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head, the 
•3rd joint minute ; antenna of male usually biserrate and fasciculate ; tibi,se 
with the spurs moderate ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair at ba^e. 
Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell •, 5 from or from above 
angle; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 10 from beyond 7; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from or from just before angle of cell ; 4 absent ; 
6, 7 coincident. 

Sect. I. {Lamprima). Antenna; of male bipectinate. 

A. Hind wing of male with vein 8 shortly stalked with 7, of female strongly 
stalked . 

1204. Idalus citraria. 

Idalus citrarius, Dogn. Le Nat. ser. 2, vol. iii. p. 173 (1889) ; id. Lep. Loja, 
p. 49, pi. 4. ff. 7, 8 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 

(5 . Sulphur-yellow ; palpi brown above, white below with some 
pink at sides; antennae brown; patagia edged with pale purplish 




Fig. 4. — Idahis citraria, (^ , \. 

-o-rev and pink above ; tibiae and tarsi irrorated with brown ; 
abdomen dorsally tinged with pink. Pore wing with a brownish 
point in end of cell; a purplish-grey fascia in submedian interspace 
from near base to the postmedial band, which is oblique from costa 
before apex to the fascia, then bent outwards to tornus ; both the 
fascia and band are edged with pink and the latter is intersected by 
the pink veins and is dentate on outer side. -Hind wing yellowish 
white, the inner area tinged with pink. 

5 . Without the purplish and pink edges to patagia ; abdomen 
without pink on dorsum : fore wing with brown points in and 
below middle of cell; the fascia absent, the postmedial band 
reduced to a series of points ; traces of a subterminal series of points ; 
bind wing without pink on inner area. 

Hah. EcTJADOB, Loja, 1 J , 1 $ . Exp. 50 millim. 



ID ALUS. 



15 



B. Hind wing of male with vein 8 from towards angle of cell. 

1205. Idalus rosea. 

Lampruna rosea, Scbaiis, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 231. 

c? . Head and thorax orange ; palpi scarlet, the 3rd joint fuscous ; 
frons scarlet ; antennae fuscous ; tegulae each with pair of scarlet 
points ; patagia with fuscous patches and scarlet edges ; thorax 
streaked with scarlet ; pectus scarlet ; tibiie and base and extremity 
of tarsi fuscous ; abdomen crimson. Fore wing orange-yellow ; 
the costal edge fuscous with scarlet fascia below it ; the veins 




Fig. 5. — Idalus rosea. (S . \. 

streaked with scarlet ; an irregular scarlet spot and some points on 
basal area ; an antemedial fuscous band with irregular scarlet edges, 
expanding below the cell, with a scarlet spot on it and conjoined to 
a similar oblique postmedial band ; a fuscous spot in upper end of 
cell and some scarlet markings in and beyond end of cell ; a sub- 
terminal series of scarlet-edged fuscous points in the interspaces. 
Hind wing crimson, the costa yellow. 

Hah. Colombia, 1 S ; Venezuela, Aroa, 2 c5" typef in Coll. 
Schaus. Exp. 44 millim. 



Sect. II, {Idalus). Anleunje of male serrate and fasciculate. 

A, Fore wing with vein 5 from angle of cell. 

a. Hind wing of male with vein 8 from middle of cell. 

a^. Hind wing of male •with the costa very strongly 

arched and fringed with very Jong hairs and rougli 

scales, a very large patch of androconia below it on 

upperside coinciding with a patch on underside of 

inner area (;f fore wing ; veins 3 and 5 reaching the 

term en respectively close to 2 and 7. 

a^. Fore wing with black streaks in the interspaces... 

b^. Fore wing without black streaks in the interspaces. 



a". Fore wing with the basal half purplish, 
terminal half pale yellow. 



the 



lineata. 



hippia. 



P. Fore wing white ortus 



1206. 



Idalus lineata. 

Het. i. 



p. 89, pi. 0. f. 17(1884) 



Evius lineatus, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am. 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 197. 

^ . Head and thorax orange and yellowish white : palpi black 
above ; frons with black bar ; antennae fuscous, pale at tips ; 



16 



AKCTIADJE. 




tegnlse, patagia, and metathorax with j^aired black spots ; abdomen 
orange, the extremity, ventral surface, and legs dirty white. Fore 
wing greyish, the basal half with some yellowish suffusion, the 
interspaces streaked with black. Hind wing yellowish. 

Hah. Panama, San Lorenzo {Champion), 1 S type, Godman- 
Salvin Coll. Exp. 34 millim. 

1207. Idalus hippia. 

Bortibyx hippia, Stoll, Suppl. Cram. pi. 12. f. 8 (1790) ; Xirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 197. 
AutomoUs alhicoUis, Wlk. xxxi. 104 (1864) ; Kirby. Oat. Het. p. 168. 
Idalus lemba, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 496 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 

(S . Head and thorax fuscous brown ; vertex of head orange ; 
tegulas white ; metathorax and pectus in front with slight patches' 
of crimson ; abdomen crimson with dorsal white point at base, the 

ventral surface whitish. 
Fore wing brown, suffused 
with plum-colour towards 
the apical third which is 
yellow, the costa brown to 
apex ; a small scarlet-edged 
yellow spot in end of cell ; 
some scarlet at base of inner 
Fig. Q.— Mains hippia, S- \- margin and on edge of brown 

area, and streaks on medial 
part of costa and on veins of the yellow area; a curved series of 
four fuscous points between veins 3 and 8 ; the costal fascia 
expanding into a small spot before apex. Hind wiog yellowish 
white. Underside with the patch of androconia on fore wing pure 
white. 

$ . Fore wing with medial red-edged maculate yellow band from 
subcostal nervure to inner margin ; the postmedial and subterminal 
spots larger ; hind wing crimson. 

Hab. Panama, Bugaba {Champion), 1 6 Godman-Salvin Coll.; 
Colombia, Bogota ; Surinam ; Brazil, Para, type f lemha in Coll. 
Druce, Minas Geraes, 1 (S . Exp. 34 millim. 



1208. Idalus ortus. 

Idalus ortus, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 279; id. Am. Lep. pi. ii. f. 1. 

5 . Pure white ; palpi fuscous above ; a yellow band between 
antennae ; abdomen with obscure pink dorsal bands. Fore wing 
with black point below base of cell ; an oblique antemedial series 
represented by two points in cell and one below it ; an oblique 
medial series with small spots beyond it above veins 3, 4, 5 and 
above and below 6 ; a small subterminal spot above vein 5. Hind 
wing with veins 7, 8 from cell. 

(5 . Abdomen without trace of pink; fore wing with short black 
streaks instead of points below vein 2, no subterminal spot. 



IDALU8. 



17 




Fig. 7. — Idahis admirabilis, (^ . 



Hah. Venezuela, Aroa, c?; Beazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 2 type f in 
Coll. Schaus. Ex^. 42 millim. 

i'. Hind wing of male with tho costa slightly arched and without patch 
of aadrocoiiia ; female with veins 7, 8 strongly stalked. 

1209. Idalus admirabilis. 

Idalus admirabilis, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 103. G- (1777); Herr.-Schaff. 
Aussereur. Schmett. f. 474; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 

(S . Head white ; palpi and antennae ochreous, some yellow 
between antennae ; thorax white, yellow, and crimson ; legs white 

with slight crimson mark- 
ings ; abdomen crimson ; 
the anal tuft and ven- 
tral surface white. Eore 
wing yellow ; the inter- 
spaces of basal area with 
series of blue-grey streaks 
defined by white and 
angled on median uervure ; 
some crimson at base of 
inner margin ; the medial part of costa white ; a medial band 
composed of blue-grey streaks in the interspaces defined by white, 
produced along costa towards apex, narrowing at discocellulars, then 
widening and almost joining the basal markings on inner margin ; 
a subterminal blue-grey spot above vein 5. Hind wing crimson, 
the margins white. 

2 . With two of the basal streaks produced in cell ; the medial 
band much more even, hardly {)roduced along costa, widely separated 
from the basal marking at inner margin, and with a crimson spot 
beyond it at tornus. 

Hab. Surinam ; Brazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 c? Zeller Coll., 1 $ . 
Exp. 42 millim. 

b. Hind wing with veins 7, 8 shortly stalked in male, the costa slightly 
arched and without patch of androconia. 

1210. Idalus xanthia, n. sp. 

palpi black, white in front ; frons black with blue 
patches ; antennae black ; 
legs black striped with yel- 
lowish white, the coxae with 
blue patches ; abdomen 
with the last four segments 
black with dorsal and 
lateral blue spots, the 
ventral surface yellowish 
white with black bands ; 

wings uniform orange, hind wing with very slight fuscous mark on 

term en at vein 2. 

Hab. Venezcjela, Palma Sol, 1 c? type. E.vp. 32 millim, 

VOL. III. c 



<S . Orange 




Fig. 8. — Idalus xanthia, (^ . 




18 ARCTIAD.E. 

E. Fore wing with vein 5 from above angle of cell; hind 
wing with veins 7, 8 shortly stalked in male, on a long 
stalk in female. 

a. Fore wing with crimson streak above inner margin to 

tornus pichesensis. 

b. Fore wing without crimson streak towards tornus. 

rt\ Fore wing with black and yellow streaks on base of 

costal area dacfa. 

6\ Fore wing with yellow-centred brown ocellate spots 

on basal area pandama. 

1211. Idalus pichesensis. 

Idalus pichesensis, Dyar, Psyche, viii. p. 198 (1898). 

c^ . Head white ; palpi striped with blaok ; frons yellow above ; 
antennas brownish ; thorax white, the tegulse and metathorax edged 

with crimson, patagia 
with 3'ellow spot with 
fuscous streak above it ; 
legs white, slightly 
streaked and spotted 
with black ; abdomen 
crimson with slight seg- 
mental lines, the extre- 
mity and ventral surface 
white. Fore wing yel- 
,low; the interspaces of basal area with series of blue-grey streaks 
defined by white ; some crimson at base of inner margin ; a medial 
band composed of blue-grey streaks defined by white, produced 
along costa, narrowing at discocellulars and produced between veins 
3 and 1 ; a crimson streak beyond it above inner margin to tornus ; 
a subterminal grey stigma above vein 5. Hind wing white, with 
slight crimson streaks near veins 1 and 2. 

2 . With two of the streaks of basal area more produced in 
cell and the basal and medial bands more approximated on inner 
margin. 

Hah, Peeu, Piches ; Beazil, Sao Paulo, Eio Janeiro, 1 J , 
1 $ . E,Tp., (S 42, $ 46 millim, . 

1212. Idalus daga. 

Empusa daga, Dognin, Le Nat. 1891 , p. 125 ; id. Lep. Loja, p. 82, pi. 8. f. 3 ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 904. 

Head and thorax white ; antennae brownish ; palpi above and 
frons tinged with fuscous ; vertex of head, tegulae, and patagia tinged 
with orange ; metathorax with two black points ; pectus in front 
with orange patch ; legs with black points ; abdomen orange above 
with dorsal series of white points, the extremity and ventral surface 
white ; wings white. Fore wing with black streaks on a brownish 
patch at base from costa to below median nervurc, some crimson at 
base of inner margin ; an oblique yellowish-brown irregular medial 



IDALUS. A rri VLE. ] (j 

laarul witli two black streaks below costa, a spot, above vein G, bar?? 
on each side of discocellulars, points above veins 3 and 4, a streak 
above vein 2 and two in submedian interspace extending to near 
termen, and a streak above inner margin placed nearer the base ; 
three subterminal black spots between veins 4 and 7. 

JIab. Venezuela, Area; Amazoxs, Olivencas ; Ecuador, L)j;i; 
Peru, Chanchamayo, 1 cj". E.vp. 40 millim. 

Subsp. 1. c?arc5, Druee, A.M.N. II. (B) xiii. p. 354 (1894); Biol. Centr.- 

Am., Het. ii. p. 366, pi. 73. f. 23. 
The patches on pectus and dorsal surface of abdomen crimson. 
JJah. Costa Rica {Zurcher), 2 2 ^yp©, Godman-Salvin Coll. 

*1213. Idalus pandama. 

Hallsidota pandama, Druce, P. Z. S. 1893, p. 288, pi. 19. f. 8. 

2 . Orange-yellow : pectus, mid and hind legs, and ventral sur- 
face of abdomen whitish ; legs banded with brown. Fore Aving 
with series of yellow-centred brown elongate spots on basal area, the 
two in submedian interspace longer, the one below vein 1 not 
reaching base ; a rounded spot at middle of cell with an elongate 
spot just before it on costa ; two spots in end of cell, with one 
above them on costa ; spots beyond the cell above bases of veins 2, 
3, and 5 and a point above S ; an irregular subterminal series of 
spots, three towards costa and four towards inner margin elongate 
and the spot above vein 6 displaced inwards, tlie spots at end of cell 
and the subterminal series with obscure yellow centres ; a terminal 
series of elongate spots with prominent yellow centres. Hind wing 
pale yellow, with terminal series of fuscous patches ; the patch below 
vein 2 large. 

Hah. Ecuador (Cole), type t $ in Coll. Druce ; Bolivia, R. Songo. 
Eay. 46 millim. 

Genus APHYLE. 

Ijpe. 

Aphi/le,W[k. iii. 720 (1855) margaritacca. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, uot reaching vertex of head ; 
antennae of male with moderate branches, of female with short branches ; tibiffi 
with the spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair towards base. 
Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked. Hind 
wing with vein 2 from towards angle of cell ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with vein 6 stalked with 7, 8, 9, 10, 7 from before 10 ; 
11 from cell ; hind wing with veins 3, 5 stalked. 

1214. Aphyle margaritacea. 

Aph/le onargaritaceus, Wlk. iii. 720 (1855) ; Ivirby, Cat. Ilet. p. 204. 

S . Head and thorax white ; palpi black at sides, an orange 
patch on upper part of frons and vertex of head ; antennae brown, 

c2 



20 



ARCTIAD^. 




Fig. 10. — Aphi/le margaritacea, J. 



the shaft white towards base ; patagia with black spots ; fore 

and mid legs spotted and 
^ streaked with brown ; 
'^ abdomen dorsally orange 

fulvous, the ventral sur- 
face white. Fore wing 
semihyaline white slightly 
tinged with yellow ; the 
costa orange ; an oblique 
black antemedial bar from 

below costa to below median nervure, with two spots between it and 

inner margin ; an oblique bar from below costa across end of cell 

and on base of vein 3 ; an oblique striga from vein 2 to tornus ; 

a curved line from below costa across apical area 'to termen and a 

short streak on apical part of costa. Hind wing strongly tinged 

with orange fulvous. 

$ . Abdomen and wings almost pure white ; fore wing without 

orange costal fascia ; antemedial black spots in cell and on inner 

margin instead of the bar and spots. 

Hab. Amazons, Pani (5a^f5), I d, 1 $ type. Exp., 6 30, $ 38 

millim. 



Sect. II. Fore wing with rein 6 from the cell ; 7 from beyond 10; 11 stalked 
with 7, 8, 9 ; hind wing with veins 3, 5 from cell. 

1215. Aphyle incarnata, n. sp. 

2 . Pink, slightly tinged with purplish brown; palpi yellow in 

front; legs partly yellow; 
ventral surface of abdomen 
white. Fore wing with the 
veins and inner area less 
tinged with brown ; indis- 
tinct antemedial, medial, and 
postmedial waved lines, the 
last arising from apex, at 
vein 6 retracted and bent 
upwards to below vein 7, then 
waved to tornus, the area 

beyond it yellow with some pink points on the broad medial part. 

Hind wing paler pink. 

Hah. Amazons, Olivencas {Michelli), 1 $ type. Exp. 36 millim. 




Fig. \\.~ Aphyle incarnata, ^ 



Genus PH^OMOLIS, nov. 

Type, P. ohscurata. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head; 
antennae of female with cilia and bristles ; tibiae with the spurs short ; abdomen 
dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. Fore wing rather narrow ; vein 3 
from well before angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 10 
from beyond 7 ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 2 from towards angle of cell ; 
3, 5 stalked, 4 absent ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 



rniEOMOLIS. PRUMALA. 



21 



1216. Phaeomolis obscurata. 



Heritos ohscurata, Bntl. 111. Het.. 
Cat. Jlet. p. 198. 



B. M. i. p. 51, pi. 17. f. 6 (1877) ; KirbV: 



2 ' Head and thorax brown mixed with yellow ; palpi fuscous 

above ; abdomen orange, 
dorsally tinged with crim- 
son towards base. Eore 
wing yellow, almost en- 
tirely suffused with red- 
brown; two dark points at 
base; traces of a darker 
antemedial band recurved 
in cell, of a dark discoidal 
spot, and of a postmedial 
band, curved from costa to vein 3, their retracted to lower angle of 
cell ; obscure dark marks on termen at vein 5 and tornns ; cilia 
brown. Hind wing yellow tinged with crimson. 

J/ab. Amazons, Prainha (Trail), 1 $ type. E.rj). 36 millim. 




Fig. 12. — Fkcsomolis ohscurata, (S . \ 



Genus PRUMALA. 

Kucyrta, Feld. Reis. Nov. p. 4 (1874), non descr 

Sym/phlehia, Feld. Reis. Nov. p. 9 (1874), non descr 

rrumala, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soo. iv. p. 136 (1896) .... 



Type. 

albicoUis. 

lophocampoidcs. 

Jamaicensis. 



Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, reaching just above vertex of 
head, the 3rd joint moderately developed ; tibise with the spurs short; ab- 
domen dorsally clothed with rough hair towards base. Fore wing with vein 3 
from well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9,. 
10 stalked, 7 from 8 before 10; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 
from angle of cell ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 stalked. 



Sect. I. Antennae of male bipectinate; hind wing with vein 8 shortlv stalked 
with 6, 7. 



A. Fore wing with two black streaks below costa and a 

series on veins of terminal area 

B. Fore wing without black streaks. 

a. Fore wing orange-yellow. 

a^. Fore wing with the postmedial band arising 
from apex, the markings edged with scarlet ... 

b^. Fore wing with the postmedial band arising 
from well before apex, the markings not 
edged with scarlet 

b. Fore wing red-brown 



arylUs. 

lophocampoidef^^ 

maculicincta. 
jamaicensis. 



*1217. Pmmala aryllis. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 10.) 

Symjphlehia aryllis, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 136 (1896). 

$ . Orange ; palpi above, antennae, and inner side of fore legs 
blackish. Fore wing with pale yellow subcostal fascia from near 
base to beyond middle, with fine black streaks on each side of sub- 
costal nervure, the one above it not nearly reaching base, a short 
streak below base of median nervure ; a yellow fascia above vein 1 
from near base to middle, with a fine black streak above the vein 



SI AECT1AD.T:. 

not nearly reaching base ; the veins of terminal area streaked with 
brown. Hind wing semihyaline orange-yellow. 

llah. Venezuela, Aroa,typef $ in Coll. Schaus. Ali^j. 70 millim. 

1218. Prumala lophocampoides. 

Symfhlebia lophocampoides, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 102. f. 1 (1874) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 007. 
Mazaras ipsea, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 91, pi. 9. f. 24 (1884) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 196. 

(S . Bright yellow ; palpi above, frons, neck, tips of patagia, and 
a patch on mesothorax crimson ; antenuoe brown with white tips ; 
patagia with brown patches : legs streaked with brown and crimson ; 
abdomen strongly sufFuse-1 with crimson above. Fore wing fuscous 
brown from costa before middle to tornus, edged by a waved scarlet 
line, a yellow patch edged with scarlet at base of costa and an ante- 
medial spot below cell, the inner margin with scarlet-edged yellow 
markings from base to middle ; a brown point in end of cell, two 
crimson points on discocellulars, and three brown points beyond the 
cell; an oblique fuscous-brown band from apical part of costa where 
it expands to the dark inner area at vein 2, the veins on it streaked 
with scarlet, its outer edge scarlet and irregularly dentate ; a sub- 
terminal series of brown points. Hind wing strongly suffused with 
crimson. 

5 . Head and thorax with the crimson and brown markings much 
reduced. Fore wing with the dark markings on basal and inner area 
reduced to crimson-edged irregular patches and spots, the postmedial 
line more maculate ; hind wing with the inner half only suffused 
with crimson. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo) 1 $ , Misantla (6roc?waw) 1 $ ; 
Guatemala {liodriguez) 1 S , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Bkazil, Castro 
Parana. Eccj)., (S 50, 5 54 raillim. 

1219. Prumala macnlicincta, n. sp. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 11.) 

$ . Yellow ; palpi fuscous. Fore wing with subbasal red-brown 
patch from subcostal nervure to vein 1 ; a maculate antemedial 
band with two spots beyond it in submcdian interspace ; two 
obliquely placed spots in end of cell and a series in the base of 
interspaces beyond the cell between veins 7 and 2, the spot above 
vein 2 larger ; an oblique maculate postmedial band expanding into 
a large spot between vein 2 and inner margin, and produced out- 
wards on costa and above vein 5 ; a subterminal series of spots from 
costa to vein 2. Hind wing pale yellow, the inner area rather 
darker. 

JIab. Bkazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 $ type. E.r^). 60 millim. 

*1220. Prumala jamaicensis. 

Prumala jamaicensis, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 137 (1896). 
5 . Head and thorax red-brown tinged with olive-yellow ; 



PRUMALA. 23 

antennae, tibiae, and tarsi fuscous ; abdomen crimson. Fore wiu^ 
red-brown suffused with olive-yellow towards base ; a grey and 
brown patch on middle of inner margin ; white points on small 




Fig. 13. — Prumalajamaicensis, 2- i- 

brown spots in middle and end of cell, on discocellulars, and above 
bases of veins 3 and 6 ; postmedial and subteiminal obliquely 
curved series of similar spots, the spots above veins 1 and 5 of the 
1st series larger. Hind wing and underside pale crimson. 
Eah. Jamaica, type t $ in Coll. ISchaus. Exp. 52 millim. 

Skct. II. Antennas of male serrate and fasciculate ; hind wing with veins (5, 7 
on a long stalk. 
A. Hind wing with vein 8 shortly stalked with 6, 7. 

a. Fore wing yellow, with oblique grey-brown baud 

from middle of costa to tornus ameoidcs {^). 

b. Fore wing uniform fulvous orange jalaya. 

c. Fore wing brown with oblique orange band, sub- 

apical fascia, and streaks on the veins saturata. 

1221. Prumala ameoides. 

Automolis ameoides, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 421 (1876) ; id. 
111. Lep. Het. B. M. i. p. 46, pi. 18. f. 4; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 

2 . Head black, with patches of metallic blue on frons and 
vertex ; thorax chrome-yellow, with dorsal black and blue stripe ; 
pectus black, with blue patches at sides and behind fore coxae which 
have a yellow spot in front; legs streaked with yellow; abdomen 
black, with lateral and ventral metallic-blue bands, the 1st three 
segments with lateral yellow bands and six ventral yellow bands. 
Pore wing chrome-yellow ; an oblique grey-brown band from middle 
of costa to tornus ; a fascia on inner margin commencing in a point 
before middle ; a terminal band expanding somewhat towards apex. 
Hind wing chrome-yellow, with terminal broad black band, its 
inner edge angled inwards at vein 2 and produced on inner area to 
a point near base. 

Hah. Ecuador, St. Inez (BucUey), 1 $ type. Exp. 56 millim. 



1222. Prumala jalapa. 

>ruce, A. M. N. H. (6) xiii. 
i. p. 372, pi. 74. f. 12. 

cS . Fulvous orange ; palpi, base of frons, antennae, femora, and 



HaUsidota jalapa, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xiii. p. 173 (1894) ; id. Biol. 
Centr.-xiin., Het. ii. p. 372, pi. 74. f. 12. 



24 AECTIAD^. 

tarsi fuscous ; abdomen with slight dorsal fuscous marks on terminal 
segments. Hind wing paler. 




$ . Abdomen with large purple-fuscous dorsal patches on four 
terminal segments. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Tnijillo), 1 (S type, Godman-Salvin Coll. 
JiJa^jp. 38 millim. 

*1223. Prumala saturata. 

Automolis saturata, Wlk. vii. 1635 (1856); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 170. 
Eucyrfa prcetexfa, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 102. f. 5 (1874) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. 
p. 167. 

S . Palpi orange, blackish behind ; frons blue ; vertex of head 
orange with a blue spot ; antennae brown, the upperside of shaft 
orange towards base ; thorax brown, with a broad orange stripe on 
tegulas and upper edge of patagia ; legs orange with slight black 
streaks, the fore coxae blue and black at sides ; abdomen black with 
broad orange band on 2nd and 3rd segments, the terminal segments 
with metallic-blue dorsal and lateral spots, the ventral surface with 
orange bands. Fore wing with the veins streaked with orange ; an 
oblique rather irregular band from vein 6 beyond the cell to above 
inner margin near base ; an oblique subapical fascia, the termen 
and cilia thickened by large greyish-brown scales narrowing to 
apex. Hind wing orange, the tornal area brown, its upper edge 
curved from inner margin near base to termen at vein 4 ; the under- 
side with a blackish postmedial spot on costa and the tornal patch 
reduced by orange on termen and inner area. 

Hah. Amazons, Para, type in Mus. Oxon., type f S 'prcetexta in 
Coll. Rothschild. Exp. 40 millim. 

B. Hind wing with vein 8 from just before end of cell. 

*1224. Prumala albicollis. 

Eucyrta albicollis, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 102. f. 4 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 171. 

2 . Palpi dark brown, crimson at base and at extremity behind ; 
frons and antennae dark brown; vertex of head rufous ; tegulae and 
shoulders pure white ; thorax rufous ; pectus and legs white, the 
fore coxae and streaks on fore tibiae and below the wings crimson, 
the mid and hind femoro-tibial joints dark brown ; abdomen 
crimson, with white dorsal spot on 1st segment and points on the 
other segments, the ventral surface white. Fore wing purplish 
brown to costa beyond middle and termen above tornus ; some 
crimson at base of inner area; the edge of brown area angled 



PRUMALA. 



25 



inwards at vein 5 and outwards at 4 ; the apical area yellow with 
orange streaks on the veins ; a subterminal series of four brown 
spots between the costa and vein 4 angled outwards below vein C. 




Fig. 15. — Prumala albicollis, $. \. 

Hind wing crimson. Underside of fore wing with the brown area 
crimson except costal area, a large discoidal spot and a mark near 
torn us. 

Hah. AiFAzoNS {Bates), typet 2 i" Coll. Rothschild. E.vp. 
42 millim. 



C. Hind wing with vein 8 from middle of cell. 

*1225. Prumala fogra. 

liobinsonia fogra, Scbaus, Can. Ent. xxvii. p. 62 (1895). 

6' Palpi black with white patches in front; frons black with 
white patch; vertex of head yellow, with white bands above frons 
and on vertex ; antennae blackish ; thorax white, the tegulae and 
patagia edged with brown ; legs striped with brown ; abdomen 
orange, with large fuscous triangular dorsal patch at base with 




'FigA^.—Prumala ftigra, (^ . \. 

white points on it, some dorsal and lateral black striae towards 
extremity, the terminal segment black, the ventral surface whitish. 
Fore wing white ; the veins brown ; a triangular brown patch on 
middle of costa extending to median nervure ; a slight streak above 
middle of vein 1 and a streak below the vein ; the postmedial line 
angled above vein 5, then very oblique, becoming dentate and 
ending in a streak above vein 1 ; terminal fuscous patches at apex 
and middle and a series of wedge-shaped marks in the interspaces. 
Hind wing semihyaline white, the inner area tinged with fuscous ; 
a terminal fuscous line. 

Hah. Yenezuela, Aroa, type t c? in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 48 
millim. 



aectiadj:. 



Sect. III. Autennre of male with bristles and cilia; hind wing with veins G, 7 
shortly stalked, 8 from just before angle of cell. 

1226. Prumala ilns. 

Koctua ilus. Gram. Pap. Exot. i. pi. 92. E (1776) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 220. 
Elysius optimus, Butl. 111. Het. i. p. 51, pi. 17. f. 8 (1877); Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 219. 

S . Head and thorax yellow, palpi and frons marked with 

crimson and I'uscous ; an- 
tennae brown ; vertex of 
head, tegulse, and patagia 
with crimson annuli, the 
two latter edged with crim- 
son ; legs yellow, ringtd 
with crimson and fuscous ; 
abdomen crimson, yellow 
below. Eore wing brown, 
with series of yellow crim- 
son-edged and centred spots ; a spot on costa near base ; three 
antemedial spots ; numerous spots in, below, and beyond cell ; a 
curved series beyond the cell and postmedial and subterminal 
series. Hind wing pale crimson. 

IJah. SuKiNAM ; Amazons, li. Jurua (TraiJ)^ 1 cS type ojjtimits. 
E.A-p. 32 millim. 




Genus PREMOLIS, nov. 

Type, P. scmiriifa. 

Proboscis small ; palpi upturned to vertex of head, the 3rd joint short and 
obtuse ; antennas of female bipectinate, with short branches dilated at extremity 
and ending in a bristle; tibiae with the spurs moderate. Fore wing with veins 
^, 4, 5 from angle of cell, 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with -vein 2 from well before angle of cell ; 3 and 5 shortly 
stalked from angle, 4 absent ; the discocellulars erect ; 6, 7 coincident ; 8 very 
short, from angle of cell, the costa being truncate near apex. 



*1227. Premolis semirufa. 

Halesidota semirvfa,W\\. vii. 1708 Q85r)) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het 
ii. p. 373, pi. 74. f. 10 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 




Fig. \d).~Fremolis scmirofa, 2- \. 
5 . Head and thorax brownish yellow ; abdomen crimson, with 



PKEMOLIS. — EUPSEUDOSOMA. 27 

dorsal yellow tufts on first two segments ; pectus and ventral 
surface of abdomen white. Fore wing yellow, irrorated with red 
and with traces of numerous waved red lines ; an oblique greyisli 
line edged with red from costa before middle to termen above 
tornus ; the area beyond the cell thinly scaled, and with series of 
red points on the veins, a curved dentate grey band edged with red 
on inner side from costa before apex to above vein 5, then bent 
outwards to termen at vein 4. Hind wing crimson, the cilia 
yellow. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui ; Amazons, Para {Bates). 1 ? ^YP^ ^^^ 
Mus. Oxon. Exp. 62 millim. 



Genus EUPSEUDOSOMA. 

Type. 

Eitpseudosoma, Grote, Proc. Ent. Sue. Philad. v. p. 2i0 (1865) ... inmluta. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not rpaching vertex of head, the 
3rd joint minute ; antemije of male serrate and faseiculute ; tibia; with the 
spurs short. Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ; t> from upper 
anp;le ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from 
aujjle of cell or very shortly stalked ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 coincident ; 8 from cell or 
stalked with 7- 

Sect. I. Hind wing with vein 8 stalked with 0, 7 in male. 

*1228. Eupseiidosoma bifasciata. 

Bombyx bifasciata, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii. pi. 252. F (1780) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 197. 
Halisidota eiirygania, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 372, pi. 74. f. 14 

(1897). 

cT . Dark red-brown ; palpi, 
frous, patagia, legs, and 
ventral surface of abdomen 
redder. Fore wing with 
slight redder marks at base 
of median nervure and vein 
1 ; oblique straight fine black 
Fig. 19. medial and postmedial lines 

Evpseudosomahifasdaia,^. i. ' not quite reachiug costa. 

Hind wing slightly paler. 
Hah. Panama, Chiriqui, type t 6 eurygania in Coll. Staudinger ; 
ScRiNAM. Exj). 32 millim. 



Sect. II. Hind wing with vein 8 stalked with 6, 7 in female, from middle 
of cell in male, which has the costa greatly lobed, 

1229. Eupseudosoma involuta. 

Fhalcena involuta, Sepp, Suriu, Vhnd. i. pi. 115 (1852) ; Kirby, Cat. Het, 

p. 205. 
Charidea nivea, Herr.-Schiiff. Aussereur. Schmett. i. f. 279 (1855) ; Grote, 

P. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 240. 





28 ARCTIAD^. 

F/upseudosoma floridum, Grote, Can. Ent. xiv. p. 187 (1882) ; Kirbj-, Cat. 

Het. p. 205. 
Euchcetes immacidata, Graef. Ent. Am. iii. p. 42 (1887) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 236. 

Silkj' white ; pnlpi above, a bar on frons, and antennae fuscous; 

Tertex of head yellow ; 
pectus crimson in front ; 
legs fuscous above ; ab- 
domen crimson above 
with dorsal series of white 
points ; the 1st and two 
terminal segments and 
the ventral surface 

Fig. 20. — Eufseudosoma involuta, <^ . \. white. Fore wing with 

the costal edge fuscous ; 
curved fuscous lines below the cell and vein 2 and above 5. 

Ab. 1. Jlorida. Fore wing with the two fuscous lines obsolete. 

Hah. U.S.A., Florida, Palm Eeach {Dijar) 1 $ ; Mexico ; 
Cuba ; Teinidad, 1 $ {Broadway) ; Gdiana ; Surinam ; Brazil, 
Pernambuco 1 $ {H. N. Ridleij). Exp. 40-44 millim. 

Egg. Dyar, P. U. S. Nat. Mus. 1900, p. 2o8. 

Somewhat conoidal, base flat, apex slightly produced ; yellowish 
green with amber shades, later opaque whitish green ; reticulations 
small, regular, rounded hexagonal, slightly raised, forming a ring of 
small cells round the micropj^le, which is slightly oft' the centre ; 
laid on back of leaf in a mass or scattered. 

Larva. Stage 1. Head somewhat rounded and bilobed ; clypeus 
high ; antennae moderate ; primary setae short, black, distinct ; 
i. and ii. rather near vertex, iii. at middle of lobe, iv. near ocelli, 
three behind ocelli (one inclosed) and two above antennae ; jaws 
brown ; ocelli black. Body arctiform, with large tubercles and 
thick spinulose white hair ; segments contracted ; no shields ; 
tubercles i. a -f i. 6 + ii. a on somites 2-3 distinctly united on a 
flattened fan-shaped wart ; ii. h small, posterior ; iv. large ; vi. 
dark r on abdominal somites i. small, dark ; iv. stigmatal, posterior, 
rather small ; v. larger ; setas single, no subprimaries ; body a 
little flattened ; the lateral tubercles, especially on somites 2-4, a 
little prominent. Colour transparent whitish, tubercles ii., iii. on 
somites 10, 11,12 anteriorly dark ochreous ; hairs white. 

Stage 2. Head flattened before, distinctly bilobed ; somites 2 to 
4 largest, 1 retracted and weak, 12 small ; warts moderate, spherical, 
with rather dense, white, stiff" spinulose hair, longest on somites 2, 
3, few on 1 ; prespiracular and subventral warts present ; on somites 
2-3 one wart above the stigmatal wart round, produced; on 
abdominal somites i. small, ii. large, iii., iv., v. small, vi. larger 
on the subventral fold ; no anal plate but warts on the flap. 
Colour luteous white, the sides tinged with pale vinous, deeper near 
subdorsal tubercles of somites 2, 3, and below warts ii., iii. of 
somites 4, 5, and 9, more distinct on 10-12, forming oblique 
orange-red streaks from wart ii. on somites 11, 12. 



EUrsEUBOSOMA. 29 

stage J3. Clypeus luteous ; a vinous spot on vertex; waits 
round, produced, colourless except the subdorsal warts of somites 2, 
3 which are vinous, and ii. of 11-12 Avhich are orange ; i. small, 
ii,, iii. large, v. small, vi. large, produced ; the vinous colour 
covering dorsum on 2-9. 

Stage 4. Head rounded, slightly bilobed ; jaws black at tip ; 
body short, thick, pale testaceous tinged with vinous, the obliquo 
streaks on somites 10-12 dark ; warts rounded, elevated ; hair 
dense, stiff, flesh-coloured with black tips, barbuled ; somite 4 with 
a diffused dorsal black patch, the hair from tubercle i. and part of 
ii. short, black ; a slight similar shade on somite 9. 

Stage 5. Antennae rather long ; the markings replaced by dense 
hair, but the diffused dorsal black patches present; hair bright 
brown with black tips, with a few long pale hairs overhanging the 
head ; a slight black-crested tuft on upperside of tubercle i. on 
somite 4. 

Stage 6. Head whitish, with large, thick, irrorated, U-shaped 
black mark bordering clypeus, with a short spur at sides below ; 
antennae pale ; body rounded, flattened ventrally, and depressed at 
ends, clothed with dense brush-like pale yellowish hair, the ends 
slightly brown-tufted ; somites 2, 3 with long slender white pencils 
from subdorsal warts ; warts i.-vi. large and rather contiguous. 

Stage 7 . Head pale yellow, with a diffused reddish shade on faco 
of each lobe, the paraclypeal pieces and some dots on clypeus grey ; 
later the head becoming dark orange-red. Some of the larvae 
alike till this stage came out with variously coloured hair, yellow, 
mouse-grey, chocolate-brown, and orange-red, the colour residing in 
the spinulose part of the hair, in all the thoracic pencils being 
white ; later the colours became dull, yellow and chocolate-brown 
forms remaining till mature. 

Cocoon formed of hair felted on a delicate silk web ; pupa dark 
brown. Food-plant, Eugenia buxifolia, E. procera, and Fsidium 
pyrifera. 

Sect. III. Hind wing with vein 8 from middle of cell in cT , from angle in $ , 
the costa not lobed. 

1230. Eupseudosoma agramma, n. sp. 

Evpscudosoma involutuvi, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 391 (part.). 

Pure white; palpi above 
and antennae tinged with 
fuscous ; vertex of head 
yellow ; fore legs fuscous 
above ; abdomen crimson 
above with dorsal series 
of white points, the 1st 
and two terminal seg- 
Fig. 21. ments and the ventral 

Eupseudosoma agramma , ^ . \. surface white; wings 

pure white. 




80 



ARCTIADJ5. 



; Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Hoege), 
Yera Cruz. Exjp, 38 millim. 



1 (S type, Cordova (Kunieli), 1 c? , 



Genus NEAXIA, nov. 

Type, N. theon. 

Proboscis fully cleveloj)ed ; palpi upturned, hardly reaching vertex of head ; 
.intennfe of male with short branches ending in a bristle. Fore wing with 
rein 3 from well before angle of cell ; ii from just above angle ; 6 from upper 
angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 10 from beyond 7; 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
veins 3, 4, 5 coincident and 2 stalked with them ; 6, 7 coincident ; 8 from 
middle of cell ; the basal part of costa greatly lobed, apical part truncate ; a 
patch of androconia on upperside on subcostal nervure at end of cell. 



*123]. Neaxia theon. 

Amaxia theon, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) vi. p. 66 (1900). 

cT . Head and thorax pale yellow ; palpi white in front, black 
l^ehind ; antennae brown, white at tips ; frons with a brown spot ; 

tegulae with brown spots in 
front and brown at sides ; 
patagia and thorax striped 
with brown and orange ; 
abdomen dorsally fuscous 
brown except the terminal 
segmont,with a dorsal orange 
tuft on 3rd segment ; pectus, 
legs, and ventral surface of 
abdomen whitish. Pore wins- 




Fig. 22.— Neaxia theon, (^ 



pale yellow; some confluent lirown spots at base, on costa, and 
below cell ; an antemedial band of confluent brown spots expanding 
on inner margin to tornus, with a scarlet and yellow point on 
it at origin of vein 2, two in submedian fold, and short streaks on 
vein 1 and above inner margin ; a small dark annulus in end 
of cell and a curved series of five just beyond the cell ; a post- 
medial scries of elongate spots from costa to vein 4, the spot above 
vein 5 longer, and small spots above veins 3 and 2 ; subterminal 
and terminal series of small spots. Hind wingsemihyaline whitish, 
the inner and terminal areas broadly tinged with brown ; the patch 
of androconia orange. 

Hah. Venezuela, Merida (Briceno), type t cT in Coll. Druce. 
Exp. 42 millim. 



Genus ERIOSTEPTA, nov. 

Type, E. roseireta. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head ; 
antennae of male with short branches ending in a bristle ; tibiae with the spurs 
short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair. Fore wing broad, the 
termen obliquely rounded ; vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from just above 
angle; 6 from upper angle; 7,8, 9, 10 stalked, 10 from beyond 7; 11 free. 
Hind wing with vein 2 from close to angle of cell ; 3, 4, 5 coincident ; 0, 
7 coincident ; 8 from middle of cell obsolescent ; male with the inner area very 



ERlOSTKrXA. DEMOLIS. 



il 



much enlarged, the tornus produced to a long lobe, the whole wing dothod 
with long rough hair on upperside, the inner area with a large fold containing 
Ijifts of long hair on underside. 



1232. Eriostepta roseireta, n. sp. 

c^ . Yellow; palpi, frons, vertex of head, base of aiitcimijc, 

thorax, and fore legs 
above marked with crim- 
son ; abdomen crimson 
above. Fore wing reticu- 
lated with crimson mark- 
ings ; the costal area 
lilacine grey with crimson 
streak below costa ; crim- 
son-edged lilacine -grey 
spots just beyond upper 
and lower angles of cell, 
the latter conjoined to 
elongate spots in submedian interspace and at tonius ; three 
obliquely placed spots across apical area ; a crenulate subterminal 
crimson line with series of spots on the veins beyond it. Hind 
wing suffused with crimson in and beyond the cell and on middle 
of inner area. 

Hah. Amazons, Olivencas (Michelli), 1 J type. Kvj). 38 millim. 




Fig. 23. 
Eriostepta roseireta, (^ , 



Genus DEMOLIS, nov. 

Tvpe, D. alhicostata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquel}' uptnrnerl, not reaching vertex of 
head ; frons clothed with rough hair ; antennse of male serrate and fasciculate ; 
tibiae with the spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. 
Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from lower angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from angle of cell, 
4 absent ; 6, 7 on a long stalk and 8 stalked with them. 



1233. Demolis albicostata, n. sp. 

Head orange-yellow, frons reddish ; palpi and antenna? brown, 
the latter white towards tips ; teguise yellow, brown at sides ; 
patagia brown with crimson upper edge ; thorax yellow with 

crimson tufts on mcta- 
thorax ; pectus and logs 
white, fore coxae crimson ; 
abdomen crimson, the ter- 
minal segment and anal 
tuft white. Fore wing 
red-brown to middle of 
costa and tornus, edged by 
Y\g.2L— Demolis alhicostata, ^. \. a crimson line angled 

beyond lower angle of cell 
and with slight crimson patches on base of inner margin, below middle 




32 ARCTIADJE. 

of cell, and on discocellulars ; the basal half of costal edge white ; 
the apical half of wing yellow. Hind wing pale crimson, with a 
whiter area from the base through the cell to middle of termen. 
Underside of fore wing with the medial area crimson. 

Hah, BiiAziL, Eio Grande do Sul, 1 S , ^ 2 type. Exp. 34 
millim. 

Genus AMAXIA. 

Type. 

Amaxia, Wlk. iii. 721 (1855) pardalis. 

? Echeta, Herr.-SchaS*. Aussereur. Schmett. p. 16 (1850) divisa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned and reaching vertex of head, the 
3rd joint minute; antennte bipectinate with moderate branches; tibige with 
the spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with hair at base. Fore wing with 
vein 3 from long before angle of cell ; 4, 5 separate at origin ; 6 from or from 
below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 2 
from or from before angle of cell or stalked with 5 ; 3, 5 stalked or coincident ; 
4 absent ; 6, 7 coincident ; 8 from middle of cell, curved and not reaching 
costa, which is strongly lobed at base in male. 

Sect. I. Hind wing of male with the base of costa very strongly lobed, with a 
large patch of androconia on upperside corresponding with a patch on 
underside of inner area of fore wing ; veins 2 and 5 stalked, 3 and 5 
coincident. 

A. Abdomen crimson above oamophora. 

B. Abdomen brown above cipygO" 

1234. Amaxia osmophora, n. sp. 

Amaxia dyuna, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het, ii, p. 369 (nee Schaus). 

(S . Head and thorax bright y^ellow ; palpi above and antennae 
brownish ; a band on frons and neck orange ; patagia and thorax 
with crimson and brown spots ; legs streaked with fuscous ; abdomen 
crimson, the terminal segment yellow, the ventral surface white. 

Fore wing bright yellow ; 
crimson - edged grey 
basal and subbasal spots 
below median nervure 
and two smaller spots 
below costa ; a very 
irregular medial band 
not reaching costa, and 
constricted above inner 
¥\g. 2b.— Amaxia osmophora, S- I- margin and crossed by 

crimson streaks on me- 
dian nervure, vein 2, and submedian interspace, and almost con- 
joined to small spots on and above vein 2 and a postmedial patch 
on inner margin ; adiscoidal spot and some beyond the cell between 
veins 3 and 8 ; a postmedial series, of which three below costa are 
large and elongate ; a subapical lunulate spot and subterminal 
and terminal series of small spots. Hind wing pale pink ; the 
costal area white ; the cilia yellow. 




ASTAXIA. 



83 



Hob. Costa Eica, Candelaria Mts. 
Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp, 40 millim. 



{Underwood), 1 (S type, 



1235. Amaxia apyga, n. sp. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 7.) 
Amaxia pyga, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 369 (nee Scbaus). 

c? . Head, tegulse, and base of patagia bright yellow ; palpi above 
and antennae brown ; thorax and abdomen brown, the latter yellow 
towards extremity ; pectus and ventral surface of abdomen white ; 
fore and mid legs yellow. Fore wing bright yellow, with a large 
brown patch on inner area extending below the costa from base to 
middle, then to inner margin near tornus, its edges irregular, a 
crimson point on middle of median nervure and slight streaks on the 
veins and interspaces ; a discoidal brown point and a series beyond 
the cell between veins 3 and 7 ; a postmedial series, of which four 
towards apex are larger, edged with crimson, curved and more or less 
conjoined ; a subterminal series. Hind wing brown, with the costa 
and termen yellow to the submedian fold. 

Hah. Costa Eica, Candelaria Mts. (Undertvood), 1 (S type, 
Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Hondueas ; Amazons, Olivencas. Fxy. 
40 millim. 



Sect. II. Hind wing of male with the costa less strongly lobed and with small 
patches of androconia on fore and hind wings ; vein 2 from the cell, 
3 and 5 on a long stalk. 

A. Fore wing without silvery markings on inner area. 

a. Fore wing with the veins not streaked with scarlet, dyuna. 

b. Fore wing with the veins streaked with scarlet erythrophleps. 

B. Fore wing with silvery markings on inner ai*ea chao7i (5 ). 



1236. Amaxia dyuna. 

Amaxia dyuna, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. See. iv. p. 135 (1896). 

c? . Head and thorax bright yellow ; palpi above, frons, and 
pectus in front marked with crimson ; patagia and thorax with 
patches of crimson and brown ; fore legs streaked with fuscous ; 

abdomen crimson, a dorsal 
spot on 2nd segment and 
the terminal segment yel- 
low, the ventral surface 
white. Fore wing bright 
yellow, with crimson - 
edged basal and three 
sub basal spots ; a very 
large oblique and very 
irregular medial patch 
from below costa to inner 
margin near tornus ; a discoidal spot and a series beyond the cell 

VOL. III. D 




Fig. 26. — Amaxia dyuna, ^ . 



34 ARCTIAD^. 

between veins 3 and 8 ; a postmedial series, of wliich three below 
costa are large and elongate, and with two spots beyond them; 
subterminal and terminal series of small spots and a cilial series of 
points. Hind wing pale pink, the costal area white, the cilia 
yellow. 

Hah. Brazil, Sao Paulo (D. Jones), 2 S • Exp. 34 millim. 
Type t in Coll. Schans. 



1237. Amaxia erythrophleps, n. sp. (Plate XXXYI. fig. 16.) 

c? . Head and thorax ochreous tinged with pale reddish brown ; 
sides of palpi, vertex of head, tegnlae, and patagia with scarlet 
points ; abdomen crimson above, ochreous below. Pore wing 
ochreous, the veins streaked with scarlet ; antemedial and medial 
reddish-brown maculate bands with highly waved edges ; a post- 
medial maculate band from costa to vein 5, then reduced to a series 
of small spots joining the medial band at vein 2 ; subterminal and 
terminal series of small spots. Hind wing crimson. 

Hah. Upper Amazons, 1 o type. Exp. 30 millim. 



*1238. Amaxia chaon. 

Zafrephes chaon, Druce, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 383, pi. 40. f. 10; Kirby, Oat. 
Het. p. 196. 

5 . Head, tegulae, and base of patagia yellow ; palpi, base of 
frons, and antennae crimson, the rest of patagia, thorax, and abdomen 
above crimson ; legs crimson and buff ; ventral surface of abdomen 
buff. Pore wing yellow, the area from base to near middle on 
costa, and to tornus purple, becoming crimson on costal area, in cell, 
and on inner margin, and leaving a yellow streak on base of costa ; 
a silver point below costa before middle, slight yellow marks in the 
cell, a silver point at base below cell, two obliquely placed con- 
joined silver spots below cell and on inner margin, the last followed 
l3y two points and a striga ; a postmedial red point on vein 5 and 
two each on veins 3 and 4 ; a triangular red patch on costa before 
apex extending down to vein 4, its apex attenuate and bent first 
inwards then outwards. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish white, 
the inner area tinged with crimson. Antennae with the basal third 
bipectinate, then serrate. 

Hah. Ecuador, Sarayacu {Buckley), 1 $ type t in Coll. Druce. 
Exp. 38 millim. 



Sect. III. Hind wing of male with the costa slightly lobed and without patches 
of androconia. 

A. Hind wing with vein 2 from near angle of cell ; 3 and 5 on a 
long stalk. 

a. Abdomen brown above Pl/ffo,- 

b. Abdomen crimson above hebe. 




AMAXIA. 35 

*1239. Amaxia pyga. 

Amaxiapyga, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 279 ; id. Am. Lep. p. 9, pi. 1. f. 27. 

Head, tegulae, aud base of patagia bright yellow ; palpi above 
and antennas brown ; thorax and abdomen brown above, the latter 
with the extremity yellow ; pectus and ventral surface of abdomen 

white ; fore legs yellow. 
Fore wing bright yellow, 
with a large brown patch 
on inner area extending 
below the costa from base 
to middle, then obliquely 
to tornus, with rather irre- 
gular edge, the veins q,io&&- 
Fig. 27.-Amawiaptjga, S. h ing it and streaks in cell 

and submedian interspace 
crimson ; a discoidal brown point ; a series beyond the cell between 
veins 3 and 7 ; a postmedial series of which four towards apex are 
large edged with crimson and more or less conjoined and curved ; 
a subterminal series of points. Hind wing brown, the costal area 
white ; the cilia yellowish. 

Hah. Brazil, Rio Janeiro, type f in Coll. Schaus. Exp.^ c5'36, 
2 40 millim. 

*1240. Amaxia hebe. 

Amaxia hebe, Sqhaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p, 278 ; id. Am. Lep. pi. 1. f. 28. 

J . Head, tegulae, and base of patagia yellow ; palpi crimson 
above ; antennae brown, white at tips ; thorax crimson slightly 
streaked with brown ; abdomen crimson, the extremity yellow, the 
ventral surface white ; legs crimson and yellow. Eore wing yellow, 
with large crimson-edged brown patch extending below costa from 
base to middle, then obliquely to tornus, and enclosing a crimson- 
edged yellow spot on middle of inner margin ; a pale brownish 
discoidal point, a series beyond cell between veins 3 and 7, and 
postmedial and subterminal series ; a subapical crimson patch with 
two conjoined fuscous spots on it. Hind wing crimson, the costal 
area and cilia yellow. 

Hah, Brazil, Eio Janeiro, type t in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 36- 
40 millim. 

B. Hind wing with vein 2 from well before angle of cell ; 3 and 5 
shortly stalked. 

a. Head and thorax yellow pardalis. 

h. Head and thorax crimson divisa. 

1241. Amaxia pardalis. 

Amaxia pardalis, Wlk. iii. 721 (1855); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 196. 

c? . Head and thorax bright yellow ; palpi and frons marked 

d2 




36 AECIIADiE. 

with crimson and fuscous above ; patagia and thorax with rufous 
spots ; tibia and tarsi with fuscous points ; abdomen crimson, the 
extremity yellow, the ventral surface white. Pore wing bright 

yellow with crimson-edged 
basal and three subbasal 
spots ; an antemedial 
series of irregular con- 
joined spots connected 
with toruus by a similar 
series; two discoidal points 
and a series beyond cell 
Fig. 28.— Amaxia pardalis, c^ . \. between veins 3 and 8; 

a postmedial obliquely 
curved series, of which three below costa are large and elongate 
and with some oblique spots beyond them from apex ; a subterminal 
series of small spots. Hind wing white, tinged with crimson 
towards inner margin and yellow towards termen. 

Hah, Amazons, Ega (Bates), 1 d* type. Exp. 38 millim. 

*1242. Amaxia ? divisa. 

Creatonotus divisu?, Herr.-SchaiF. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 282 (1850) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 197. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen deep crimson. Fore wing deep 
crimson, a white point at base ; two sinuous darker lines arising 
from middle of cell, the 1st incurved, the 2nd excurved; the crimson 
extends on costa to well beyond middle and to termen at submedian 
fold, its edge being strongly incurved between those points ; the 
terminal area pale yellow, with a crimson apical patch extending to 
vein 5. Hind wing with the costal half hyaline, the inner half red, 
with two short hyaline postmedial streaks below vein 2. 

Hah. ignotus. Exp. 38 millim. This species is unknown to 
me. 

Genus EVIUS. 

Type. 
Evius, Wlk. iii. 639 (1855) aurococcinea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head, the 3rd 
joint nunute ; antennse of male fasciculate, tibiae with the spurs short ; abdomen 
dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from well 
before angle of cell ; 4, 5 separate at origin ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 
stalked ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 2 from long before angle of cell ; 
3, 5 stalked ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 coincident ; 8 from middle of cell and strongly 
curved ; the costa very strongly lobed in male. 

1243. Evius aurococcinea. 

Evius auTOCoccineus, Wlk. iii. 640 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 197. 

cT. Palpi and antennae fuscous, striped with crimson above, 
white at tips ; head orange, frons crimson at sides ; tegulae, patches 
on patagia, and mesothorax orange edged with crimson ; thorax 



EVIUS. NEONERITA. 



37 



purplish grey with some crimson markings ; pectus and legs white ; 
fore coxoc and stripes on femora and tibia) crimson ; abdomen 
crimson with dorsal white point at base, the extremity and ventral 
surface crimson. Pore wing purplish fuscous, tinged with crimson 
towards inner margin, reaching on costa to near apex and leaving 




Fig. 29. — Evius aurococcinea, (S . ]-. 

the apical third yellow ; a white fascia on basal half of costa ; a 
crimson streak on subcostal nervure, the edge of the brown area 
crimson, and a patch at base of inner margin ; a curved series of 
four fuscous points between veins 3 and 8. Hind wing crimson, 
the costal area pale. Underside of fore wing with the costa 
streaked with fuscous. 

Bab. Amazons, Para (Bates), 1 d type. Ea^p. 38 millim. 



Genus NEONERITA, nov. 

Type, N. dorsipuncta. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head ; antennae 
of male bipectinate with short branches ending in a bristle ; tibia with the 
spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with long hair at base. Fore wing 
rather narrow ; veins 3, 4 strongly stalked ; 5 from angle of cell ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 10 from beyond 7 ; the upper angle of cell 
much produced ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 2 from well before angle 
of cell ; 3, 5 strongly stalked ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 very strongly stalked ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 

1244. Neonerita dorsipuncta, n. sp. 

<5 . Palpi and frons whitish, brown above ; antennae brown ; 

vertex of head and thorax ochreous marked with crimson ; 

abdomen crimson, with pure white dorsal points on first two 

segments ; pectus, legs, and 

abdomen white, the fore 

legs brown in front. Fore 

wing ochreous suffused with 

brown ; the base of inner 

margin crimson edged with 

yellow ; crimson annuli on 

,r ■. J ■ . r . vellow spots in and below 
'Neonerita dorsipuncta, (5 . I. •' ^\ 




Fig. 30. 



middle of cell ; crimson - 



centred yellow spots on base of vein 2 and above and below middle 



38 ARCTIAB^. 

of vein 1, all these spots forming a confluent cluster ; vein 1, the 
end of median nervure, and vein 3 streaked with black ; a semi- 
hyaline yellow patch from subcostal nervure in and beyond angle 
of cell to middle of termen, with a black point on it at upper angle 
of cell and another on termen below vein 4 ; the apical area edged 
with brown especially on lower edge, where the brown is dentate 
and forks to termen, and with some crimson on its edge ; two yellow 
points on termen towards tornus. Hind wing crimson, the discal 
area semihyaline. 

Hah. Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul (Mahilde), 1 c^ tj^pe. Exj). 36 
millim. 

Genus AEiEOMOLIS, nov. 

Type, A. rhodographa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head, the 3rd 
joint somewhat porrect ; frons with slight tuft ; antennas of male bipectinate ; 
tibiae with the spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair towards 
base. Fore wing long and narrow ; vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 
from angle; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 10 from beyond 7; 11 
free. Hind wing with vein 2 from towards angle of cell ; 3, 5 on a long stalk, 
4 absent ; 6, 7 stalked almost to apex ; 8 from middle of cell, 

1245. Araeomolis rhodographa, n. sp. 

S . Yellow ; head and thorax with crimson lines and annuli ; 
palpi brown in front ; antennae brown ; legs brown, the fore coxae, 
tibiae above, and tarsal joints marked with crimson ; abdomen 

crimson above except at 
base and extremity. Fore 
wing with crimson streaks 
and highly sinuous markings 
in and below cell on basal 
half ; a brownish fascia on 
costa to beyond middle ; a 
Yig.'^l.—ArcBomolis rhodographa, J, \. sinuous band from base of 

costa to middle of inner 
margin ; a mark in end of cell ; a broad irregular subterminal band 
conjoined at vein 5 to a band on apical part of termen and extending 
to termen above tornus ; a round hyaline white spot just beyond 
end of cell ; the veins of terminal area streaked with crimson. 
Hind wing with the apical part of costa. tinged with crimson. 

Hah. Colombia ; Amazons, Rio Negro, Thomar (Hahnel), 1 d type. 
Kvp. 34 millim. 

Genus PAREVIA, nov. 

Type, P. sisenna. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head ; antennge 
of female ciliated. Fore wing with vein 2 from just beyond middle of cell; 
3 from close to angle ; 4, 5 from angle ; from below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 
stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 2 from towards angle of cell ; 3 and 5 
on a long stalk ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 on a long stalk ; 8 from middle of cell. 




PAREVIA. ATJTOMOLIS. 



39 



*1246. Paravia sisenna. 

Evius sisenna, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) iii. p. 466 (1899). 

^ ? . Palpi orange-red with a purplish patch in front ; frons brown 
with orange-red band above ; vertex of head and basal joint of 

antennae yellow ; antennaj 
and thorax brown ; fore legs 
yellow ; abdomen crimson, 
with the ventral surface 
yellow. Pore wing purplish 
brown, with conical yellow 
patch on costa just before 
middle and two spots beyond 
it towards apex ; orange 
medial points above and below vein 1 ; some yellow marks on 
termen expanding into a conical patch at middle. Hind wing 
crimson, with terminal fuscous band expanding very widely towards 
costa ; cilia yellow at tips. 

Hab. Brazil, Espiritu Santo, type t $ in Mus. Oxon. ; Perf, 
Sarayacu. Exp. 26 millim. 




Fig. 32. — Parevia sisenna, ^ , 



Genus AUTOMOLIS. 

Type. 

AutomoUs, Hiibn. Verz. p. 170 (1827) sypilus. 

Ehipha, Wlk. i. 273 (1854) strigosa. 

Apyre, Wlk. ii. 490 (1854) separata. 

Arara, Wlk. iii. 641 (1855) vittipes. 

Scapiius, Wlk. iii. 642 (1855) ditissima. 

Ormetica, Clem. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Pbilad. 1860, p. 544 

(1861) , tceniata. 

Cratoplastis, Feld. Reis. Nov. p. 3 (1874) diluta. 

Euplesia, Feld. Reis. Nov. p. 5 (1874), non descr sphingidea. 

Ischnognatha, Feld. Eeis. Nov. p. 6 (1874), non descr semiopalina. 

Apiconoma, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 422 (1876). opposita. 
Sutonocrea, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. addenda 

(1876) reducta. 

MachcBroptenus, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 228 ventralis. 

Cresera, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 232 anmtlata. 

Gorgonidia, Dyar, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. tI. p. 36 (1898) garleppi. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2ncl joint thickly scaled, tlie 
third usually hardly reaching vei'tex of head and short ; vertex of head, thorax, 
and abdomen clothed with rough hair ; tibiae with the spurs moderate. Fore 
wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle or 5 from 
above angle; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing short and broad ; vein 2 from long before angle of cell ; 3 from or from 
before angle ; 5 from or from above angle ; 4 absent ; the discocellulars erect ; 
6, 7 stalked or coincident ; 8 from or from before upper angle or stalked 
with 7. 



40 AECTIAD^. 

Sect. I. Hind wing of male with the costa highly lobed ; a sexual patch below 
costa on upperside. 

A. Hind wing with vein 3 from or from near angle of cell ; 
5 from above angle, c? with veins 6, 7 coincident, and 
8 from middle of cell. $ with veins 7, 8 stalked. 
a. Antennae of male bipectinate. 

a^. Fore wing yellow with blue-grey bands critkeis. 

b^. Fore wing white with brown fasciee on costa and from 

base to tornus larissa. 



1247. Automolis critheis. 

Idalus critheis, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 89, pi. 9. f. 19 (1881) ; 
Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 198. 

(S . Palpi and antennae brownish, the former crimson at base ; 
liead and thorax white, the vertex of head and a band across end of 
patagia and mesothorax orange ; legs white, slightly striped with 
brown ; abdomen crimson above with traces of dorsal white points, 
the ventral surface white. Fore wing yellow, the base white, with 
basal and oblique subbasal series of blue-grey spots, the base of 
inner margin crimson ; the white extending on inner area to the 
medial blue-grey band which is slightly incurved, produced along 
costa towards apex, defined on inner side by white land with the 
veins on it white. Hind wing white, the inner area tinged with 
crimson. 

2 . Hind wing yellowish, with hardly any crimson on inner 
area. 

Hah. Panama, type t $ in Coll. Staudinger, La Chorrera {Dolhy- 
Tylor) 1 S ; Beazil, 1 c^" , Sao Paulo, Mahaos. Exp. 36 millim. 

*1248. Automolis larissa. 

Idcdus larissa, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 496, pi. 42. f. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 198. 

cT . Head and thorax white ; palpi, a band on frons, and antennae 
brown ; a yellow band between antennae ; thorax tinged with 
crimson and with two crimson points ; fore tibia? and tarsi brown ; 

abdomen dorsally deep crim- 
son, with white spots on first 
two segments, the ventral 
surface white. Pore wing 
pearly semihyaline white ; a 
brown fascia on costal area 
tapering to apex ; a broad 
oblique brown fascia from 
base of costa to tornus leaving 
Fig. o'3.— Automolis larissa, c^ . \. the basal part of inner area 

white with an oblique crim- 
son striga on it. Hind wing with the costal half white, the inner 





AUTOMOLIS. 41 

half crimson deepening on inner area, but the margin itself white ; 
the patch of androconia brown. 

Hob. Amazons, Santarem (Leech), 1 J type f in Coll. Drucc. 
Exj^. 38 millim. 

b. Antenna; of male serrate and fasciculate. 

a^. Fore wing of male with small glandular swelling and tuft of hair at 
base of costa on underside ; hind wing with the costa fringed with 
long hair. 

1249. Automolis herois. 

Mains herois, Scbaus, Ent. Am. v. p. 190 (1889); Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., 
Het. ii. p. 366, pi. 73. f. 20 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 

S . Head and thorax white ; antennae brownish ; palpi and frons 
fuscous ; vertex of head with orange spot ; tegulae and patagia with 

orange spots, the tegulae 
tipped with orange, the 
patagia edged with crim- 
son; legs with fuscous 
points ; abdomen crimson 
above, white below. Fore 
wing pale yellow, with the 
inner area and the medial 
Fig. M.— Automolis herois, cS . t- P^^^ of costa white ; the 

basal area with blue-black 
streaks, not reaching the base on inner area : a medial blue-black 
band, produced outwards on costa and inner margin and with the 
veins on it whitish. Hind wing with the inner half tinged with 
crimson. 

Hab. Mexico, Coatepec (Broohs), 2 (S , Godmau-Salvin Coll.; 
Venezuela, Merida ; Bkazil, Sta. Catherina. Eajo. 38 millim. 
Type in Coll. Schaus. 

6\ Fore wing of male without glandular swelling at base of costa, or long 
hair on costa of hind wing, 
a^. {Stitonocrea). Hind wing of male with a fold on inner area clothed 
with rough hair, the tornus strongly lobed. 

1250. Automolis reducta. 

Automolis reducta, Wlk. vii. 1638 (1856). 

Creatonotus lohifer, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. p. 84, f. 503 (1856) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 171. 
Sutonocrea incerta, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 357 (nee Wlk.). 

(S . Pale yellow ; palpi towards tips and frons fuscous tinged 
with lilac ; vertex of head, tegulae, and abdomen tinged with 
orange ; legs banded with black. Fore wing with greyish-brown 
costal fascia from base to middle, extending to just below cell at base ; 
a broad oblique brown band from apex to middle of inner margin. 



42 



ARCTIAB^. 



Ab. 1. Fore wing with the markings much greyer, the subterminal 
band narrow. — Chiriqui. 




Fig. 35. — Automolis red acta, (^ . \. 

Hah. Costa ErcA ; Pan^ama, Chiriqui (Trotsch), 
Salvin Coll. ; Brazil, Rio Janeiro {Sir W. Smith), 
34-40 millim. Type t lohifer in Coll. Staudinger. 



1 c? Godman- 
1 c^. Exy. 



b-. Hind wing of male without fold on inner area, or lobe at 
torn us. 
a^. Hind wing white, the inner area tinged with crimson ... crinis. 
b^. Hind wing crimson, the costal area white delicata. 

1251. Automolis crinis. 

Idalus crinis, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het, i. p. 89, pi. ix. f. 18 (1884) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 

Head and thorax white ; antennae brownish ; palpi above and 
frons tinged with fuscous ; vertex of head orange ; tegulse and 
patagia with orange spots and tipped with crimson ; tibiae and tarsi 
with dark points ; abdomen crimson above, white below ; wings 
white. Fore wing with black streaks at base extending to the 
antemedial line, which is excurved below cell and followed by 
orange patches in and below cell ; an oblique pale brownish medial 
band defined by black lines, expanding at costa and inner margin 
and crossed by two black streaks below costa, one above vein 2 




Fig. 36. — Automolis crinis, c?. \, 

extending to near termen and two in submedian interspace ex- 
tending to termen, the last three often interrupted ; a short black 
subterminal streak above vein 5. Hind wing with the inner area 
tinged with crimson. 



AUJOMOLIS. 43 

Hind wing of 6* on right side with vein 7 from angle of cell, not 
coincident with 0. 

Hah. Mexico, Presidio (Forrer), 1 $ type ; Guatemala (Rodri- 
guez), 1 c? 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. Eay. 38 millim. 

*1252. Automolis delicata. 

Idalus delicata, Moschl. Abbandl. Senck. Ges. xiv. p. 29, f. 12 (188G) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 

Head fuscous, the vertex yellow ; thorax white mixed with pink, 
and with yellow patches on patagia and metathorax ; abdomen 
crimson with dorsal series of white points, the extremity and ventral 
surface white. Fore wing pure white, with black-streaked grey 
basal patch angled on median nervure and extending down to vein 1, 
with some pink below it on inner margin ; a yellow patch in end 
of cell and another below its middle ; an oblique slightly sinuous 
narrow medial grey band defined by black lines at the discocellulars, 
and streaked with black below costa and from cell to inner margin ; 
subterminal black points above veins 5 and 2 and a grey spot with 
two black streaks on it below vein 2. Hind wing crimson, the 
costal area white. 

Hah. Jamaica, type t cJ in Coll. Staudinger. Ea^jj. 38 millim. 



B. Hind wing with vein 3 from angle of cell ; 6, 7 stalked ; antennae of male 
minutely serrate and fasciculate; fore wing with sexual patch below 
middle of cell on underside. 



*1253. Automolis semiopalina. 

Uchiognatha semiopalina, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 102. f . 2 (1874); Druce, 
Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 76 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 166. 

$. Head orange; frons pinkish ; palpi with the 2nd and 3rd 

joints streaked black and 
brown ; thorax white, pec- 
tus orange in front ; legs 
white, streaked with black ; 
abdomen orange, the ventral 
surface white. JFore wing 
yellow - brown, the inter- 
spaces streaked with black ; 
the apical third pure white 
Fig. 37. — Automolis semio'palina, c? . \. with slightly sinuous inner 

edge. Hind wing dark 
brown ; the apex and cilia at tips pure white. 

S . Fore wing with the outer edge of brown area indented 
beyond lower angle of cell. 

Hah. Nicaragua; Cayenne, type in Coll. Eothschild. Exp. 
44 millim. 




44 



A.RCTlADiE. 



C. Hind wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 5 from angle ; 
male with 6, 7 on a long stalk, 8 fiom near angle of cell ; antennae 
fasciculate. 



*1254. Automolis flavescens. 

Halesidotaflavescens, Wlk. vii. 1705 (1856); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 
Automolis asara, Druce, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 382, pi. 40. f. 7 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 167. 

cJ . Pale yellow ; antennae brownish except at base, the tips 
white ; metathorax with a grey patch ; legs spotted with brown 

(abdomen wanting). Fore 
wing with diffused brownish- 
grey patch on vein 1 before 
middle ; a large diffused 
grey patch at lower angle 
of cell connected with a 
brownish-grey patch at tor- 
nus. Hind wing yellowish 
white, with some fuscous on 
termen. 

Hah. Amazons, Para (Bates), 1 S typef inMus. Oxon.; Ectjador, 
Sarayacu (BucUey), 1 6 typet asara in Coll. Druce. Exp. 
30 millim. 




Fig. 38. — Automolis flavescens, (^ . ^. 



Sect. XL Hind wing of male with the costa highly lobed, but without sexual 
patch. 

A. Antennas bipectinate ; hind wiug with veins 6, 7 coincident, 8 from middle 
of cell. 



1255. Automolis sanguinolenta. 

Bomhyx sanguinolenta, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii. pi. 252. A (1780) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 219. 
Bhalana justinia, Stoll, Pap. Exot. v. pi. 19. f. 4 (1782). 




Fig. 39. — Automolis sajiguinolenta, J. \. 

(5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen crimson ; antennae brown. 
Fore wing reddish orange, thickly irrorated and suffused with 
crimson, leaving patches of the ground-colour on inner and terminal 



ATJTOMOLIS. 45 

areas only ; the veins and margins fuscous brown ; a greyish mark 
above base of vein 1 ; an obscure greyish antemedial line oblique 
from below costa to vein 1, then bent outwards and joined at inner 
margin by an oblique line from lower angle of cell ; an elliptical 
hyaline spot beyond the cell between veins 4, 5 ; cilia blackish. 
Hind wing deeper crimson. 

Hah, SuRiXAM, 1 c5' • Exp' 56 millim. 

B. Antennffi of male ciHated ; hind wing with veins 6, 7 stalked, 8 from near 
end of cell. 

*1256. Automolis lurida. 

Eucyrta. lurida, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 102. f. 7 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 167. 

S . Pale yellow ; palpi orange-yellow at base, grey-brown at 
extremity ; frons grey- brown shot with blue ; antennae brown ; 
vertex of thorax grey-brown shot with blue; fore and mid tibiae and 
tarsi banded with brown ; abdomen dorsally orange-yellow. Pore 
wing with triangular grey-brown patch tinged with blue on base of 
costa extending to vein 1 ; a similar but more rounded patch from 
middle of costa to vein 1 and vein 4 near termen, and a hemi- 
spherical patch from costa before apex to vein 5, the outer edge of 
basal patch, the inner edge of 2nd patch, and the 2nd and 3rd 
patches at costa being darker brown ; the termen and inner margin 
orange-yellow. Hind wing orange-yellow. 

Eah. Pektj, Upper Amazons, Nari {Bates), type t (^ in Coll. 
Eothschild. Exp. 34 millim. 

Sect. III. Hind wing of male with the costa not lobed and without sexual 
patch below it, 

A. Antennae of male bipectinate, with short branches. 
a. Hind wing of male with veins 7, 8 stalked. 

a^ {Machceraptenus). Hind wing with the toruus lobed ; antennce with 
the branches very short and stiff. 

*1257. Automolis ventralis. 

Machceraptenus ventralis, Schaus, P, Z. S. 1894, p. 229. 




Fig. 40. — Automolis ventralis, J . }. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen black-brown ; tegulae and 
patagia yellowish white, edged with black ; 1st joint of palpi, coxic, 



46 ARCTIADiE. 

and ventral surface of abdomen orange ; abdomen bluish above 
towards extremity; wings white, the veins brownish; fore wing 
with the base, costa, and termeu towards tornus black-brown. 

Hah. Venezuela, Aroa. Exp. 52 millim. Type f in Coll. 
Schaus. 

b^. (Apiconoma). Hind wing with the tornus not lobed ; antenna; with the 
branches longer. 

a^. Thorax blackish apicalls. 

h". Thorax fulvous luiosa {2)- 



1258. Automolis apicalis. 

Euchromia apicalis, Wlk. i. 2^1 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 170. 

J . Black-brown ; frons and pectus with slight patches of 
metallic blue ; abdomen with metallic blue patch on terminal seg- 
ment, dorsal bands on the three next segments, and short subdorsal 




Fig. 41. 

bands on the next two ; a sublateral series of spots. Fore wing 
with oblique wedge-shaped band from below costa beyond middle ro 
just below vein 2 near termen and varying somewhat in width. 
Hah. Amazons, Para (Bates), 3 cS , type. Exj). 40 millim. 

*1259. Automolis lutosa. 

Empusa lutosa, Hiibn. Samml. ex. Schmett. ii. (1827) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 210. 
Idalus linaza, Dognin, Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xlii. p. 345 (1898). 

2 . Pale grey-brown with a slight purplish tinge; head and thorax 
except tips of patagia fulvous ; coxae fulvous ; abdomen fulvous, 
the dorsal surface mostly grey-brown except last two segments. 
Pore wing with whitish maculate band just beyond the cell from 
vein 7 to 3, then incurved and obsolescent. Hind wing with the 
cell and costal area to beyond middle yellow-brown ; faint traces of 
a curved whitish postmedial band. 

Hah. Paraguay, type t $ linaza in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 
60 millim. 

Hiibner's figure shows a broad diffused white band extending 
into the cell on both wings; his specimens were probably from 
Surinam, and may belong to a distinct subspecies from linaza. 



AUTOMOLIS. 47 

h. Hind M'ing of male with vein 8 from the cell. 

a^. (Automolis). Hind wing of male with veins 6, 7 
coincident. 
a^. Fore wing black-brown. 

a^. Fore wing with orange patches below end of and 

beyond the cell opposita. 

h'-^. Fore wing with curved orange fascia from near 

base to apex sphingidea. 

P. Fore wing white, with black-streaked brown costal 

fascia and patch on inner margin idalia. 

(:'-. Fore wing yellow, with crimson-edged fuscous 

markings juvenis. 

cl?. Fore wing orange irrorated with crimson and with 

a large hyaline patch traili. 

1260. Automolis opposita. 

Kiichromia opposita, Wlk. i. 260 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 170. 
Euplesia ochropMla, Feld. Keis. Nov. pi. 102. f, 10 (1874). 

S . Head and thorax black-brown ; palpi orange at base ; orange 
spots above and below frons, at back of head, and on tegulae ; 
patagia and legs striped with orange ; abdomen orange, the last 
three segments black with metallic blue bands, the ventral surface 
banded orange and black. Pore wing dark brown, the veins with 
fine pale streaks ; an oblique yellow patch from lower angle of cell 
to abo-ve vein 1 before middle ; an elliptical patch from costa beyond 
middle to above vein 2 near termen. Hind wing orange-yellow, 
with dark brown terminal band widest at tornus. 

Bah. Beazil, 1 (S type. Exj:). 34 millim. 



1261. Automolis sphingidea. 

Glaucopis sphingidea, Perty, Del. Anim. Art. p. 158, pi. 31. f. 12 (1834) • 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 166. 
Euplesia vittigera, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 102. f. 9 (1874). 

(S . Black-brown ; tegulae and patagia with pale orange jDatches ; 

pectus with patches of me- 
tallic blue ; mid and hind 
femora with whitish spots 
near extremity ; abdomen 
with three metallic blue 
rings on terminal segments ; 
lateral and sublateral series 
of blue spots ; ventral 
¥\g. A^.— Automolis sphingidea, S ' t- whitish spots on 2nd and 

3rd segments. Pore wing 
with broad pale orange baud from near base below the cell curviiig 
upwards to apical part of costa. Hind wing with the costal half 
orange. 

Hah, Amazons, Ega and Para (Bates), 3 (S . E.%y. 38 millim. 




48 AECirAD^. 

1262. Automolis idalia, n. sp. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 17.) 

S . Head and thorax white ; antennae brownish ; palpi above 
and frons tinged with fuscous ; a spot on vertex of head and edge 
of tegulae orange ; patagia tipped with crimson ; legs with fuscous 
points ; abdomen crimson above, the extremity aud ventral surface 
white. Fore wing white, with broad brownish costal fascia streaked 
with black ; basal and two subbasal blackish points below the cell 
and some crimson on inner margin : a large subtriangular brownish 
patch on inner margin just beyond middle, extending to lower angle 
of cell, crossed by black streaks in the interspaces and with white 
spot on vein 1 ; a subterminal black point above vein 5. Hind wing 
crimson, with the costal area white. 

Ilab. Beazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 c^ type. E.vjy. 42 millim. 

*1263. Automolis juvenis. 

Amaxiajuvenis, Scbaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 135 (1896) ; Druce, Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 369, pi. 74. f. 5. 

c? . Head, tegulae, and base of patagia bright yellow ; palpi 
crimson above ; antennae and thorax brown, the former white at 
tips ; shoulders and fore coxae crimson ; legs yellow ; abdomen 
crimson, the extremity yellow, the ventral surface white. Fore 
wing bright yellow, with large fuscous patch on inner area 
extending below costa from base to middle, then obliquely to 
tornus, its edges irregular with some crimson on them, also on 
base of inner margin and as streaks on the veins ; a discoidal 
fuscous point and a series beyond the cell between veins 3 and 7 ; 
a postmedial series, of which four towards apex are large, crimson- 
edged, curved and more or less conjoined ; a subterminal series ; a 
series of crimson points on extremity of veins. Hind wing with 
the costal half yeUow, the inner half crimson. 

2 ' Thorax yellow, marked with crimson and brown ; fore wing 
with the patch traversed by an irregular yellow fascia from base to 
middle of inner margin ; all the spots larger, especially the post- 
medial series, which are all large and edged with crimson. 

Hab. Mexico, Orizaba, Jalapa. Type t in Coll. Schaus. Kv2)., 
cS 40, 2 50 millim. 

1264. Automolis traili. 

Zatrephes trailii, Butl. 111. Het. i. p. 52, pi. 17. f . 7 (1877) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 196. 

S . Head and thorax orange-yellow irrorated with scarlet ; 
abdomen crimson, yellowish white below. Fore wing orange- 
yellow thickly irrorated with scarlet ; oblique dark red antemedial 
and medial lines ; a large silvery hyaline patch beyond the latter 
between veins 2 and 7 edged with dark red, crossed by the yellowish 
veins, with somewhat dentate outer edge and narrowing above. 
Hind wing pale crimson. 

Hah, Amazons, R. Jurua (Trail)^ 1 (S type. Ea^j^. 40 millim. 



AUTOMOLIS. 49 

b^. (Scaptius). Hind wing with veins (>, 7 stalked, 
a^. Abdomen crimson. 

a^. Fore wing scarlet suffused with grey crocos. 

P. Fore wnng yellow, the veins streaked with black . erythronotus. 

c^. Fore wing fuscous, the apical third yellow ditissima. 

h^. Abdomen orange-red, 

a^. Fore wing wnth postmedial series of hyaline 

yellow patches grandis. 

P. Fore wing with irregular j^ostmedial hyaline white 

patch spotted with red flammans. 

c^. Abdomen ochreous slightly tinged with pink juno. 

d'^. Abdomen fuscous. 

a^. Abdomen with scarlet basal patch ; fore wing 

fuscous with scarlet band and streak docis. 

b^. Abdomen with dull red bands ; fore wing fuscous 

with yellow spot , perflua. 

*1265. Automolis crocos. 

Bombyx crocos, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi, 126. E 0779) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 219. 
Zatrephes istria, Druce, A. M, N. H. (7) iii. p. 466 (1899), 

c? . Head and thorax orange strongly irrorated with scarlet ; 
palpi yellow in front ; abdomen crimson ; pectus and ventral 
surface of abdomen yellowish white. Pore wing scarlet suffused 
with grey-brown ; the costa scarlet ; some oblique conjoined scarlet 
and orange spots at base, three inwardly- oblique conjoined ante- 
medial spots from subcostals to vein 1 ; three medial spots between 
lower angle of cell and inner margin ; aa irregular scarlet-edged 
pale yellow postmedial patch with somewhat tridentate outer edge, 
diffused towards costa and lobed at vein 2 near term en, and with 
three conjoined scarlet and orange spots between it and inner 
margin ; a terminal maculate band. Hind wing crimson, with 
wedge-shaped semihyaline patch beyond the cell between veins 
2 and 5 ; underside whitish. 

Hab. Surinam; Cayenne, typef 6 istria in Mus. Oxon. E^cj), 
42 millim. 

1266. Automolis erythronotus. 

Trichromia erythronota, Herr.-Schaff, Aussereur, Schmett. p. 72, f. 58' 
(1853) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 199. 




Fig. 43. — Automolis erythronotus, (^ . \. 

S . Head and thorax pencilled grey and white ; proboscis yellow ; 
palpi crimson, white below ; a line above frons, antennae, necky 

VOL. III. B 



50 AKCTIAD^. 

edges of tegulae, and outer edge of patagia yellow ; meso- and meta- 
thorax with crimson points ; femora and tibioe marked with crimson, 
tarsi ringed with black; abdomen crimson above, the anal tuft and 
ventral ' surface white. Fore wing pale yellow, with whitish patch 
on basal inner area ; the veins streaked with blue-black ; two 
streaks in cell, one above vein 2, two in submedian interspace, and 
one above inner margin ; two discocellular lines with bluish grey 
between them. Hind wing white, the inner area yellowish. 

Hah. Colombia; Venezuela, typet 5 in Coll. Staudinger ; 
Brazil, 1 S. Zeller Coll. Exp. 50 millim. 

1267. Automolis ditissima. 

Scaptiiis ditissi/iiKs, Wlk. iii. 643 (1855) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Aiu., Het. ii. 
p 368, pi. 74. f. 2 ; Kirby, Cat Het. p. 197. 

5 . Head and thorax yellow with scarlet streaks ; frons white ; 
abdomen crimson, ventral surface and legs white, fore legs marked 
with yellow and fuscous. Fore wing fuscous brown, the apical 
third yellow ; slight scarlet streaks on veins except towards costa, 
in cell and submedian interspace, and on base of inner margin ; an 
obscure scarlet and yellow postmedial oblique dentate line from vein 
6 to inner margin, incurved below vein 2 ; the edge of brown area 
irregular beyond lower angle of cell ; traces of a curved subterminal 
line. Hind wing dark brown. 

Hah. Panaaia ; Amazon, Ega (Bates), 1 2 type, Sta. Catherina. 
PJwj^. 34 millim. 

*1268. Automolis grandis. 

Zatre2}hes qrandis, Druce, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 383, pi. 40. f. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 196. 

(S . Orange-red ; antennae with the shaft black above, a white 
spot in front of basal joint ; patagia with white streaks. Fore 
wing with white spot at base of costa, a subcostal spot above vein 1 , 
and points above subcostal and below median nervures ; the veins 
streaked with black ; a somewhat triangular yellowish hyaline spot 
in end of cell, with an irregular orange patch between it and vein 1 
and a small spot on inner margin ; a postmedial series of conjoined 
hyaline yellow patches between veins 8 and 2, the spot above 
vein 2 on termen, the spots above veins 3 and 5 displaced inwards ; 
an obscure postmedial orange band from below vein 3 to inner 
margin. Hind wing yellow, tinged with crimson on inner area 
and on the veins at termen, the area from below costa to sub- 
median fold semih^^aline. 

Hah. EcuADOE, Intaj {BucJdey), 1 (S typef in Coll. Druce. 
Eix;2:>. 58 millim. 

1269. Automolis flammans, n. sp. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 9.) 

J . Fiery orange-red ; palpi with the 3rd joint black ; antennae 
with the basal joint white and red ; tegulsa with black points • 



AUTOJIOLIS. 5L 

patagia with white band at base and spot at extremity ; mcso- 
thorax with white patches, metathorax spotted with white and 
black ; le^s with white and black bauds at the joints ; abdomen 
with dorsal, sublateral, and ventral series of black points. Pore 
win^ with the costal area to near apex and the inner area to 
middle tiery red ; a white spot at base of costa, two antemedial 
spots abov^e vein 1, and one on inner margin, followed by three 
lunulate spots ; elongate antemedial and medial spots on costa, the 
former with a point below it in the cell ; an irregular hooked mark 
on costa beyond middle ; a large postmedial hyaline patch with 
extremely irregular outline extending from below costa to below 
vein 2 and with some small round red spots on it on the veins ; a 
terminal series of white spots in the interspaces. Hind wing 
semihyaline white, with the cell and inner area thinly clothed with 
<irimson-red hair. 

Hah. Colombia, 1 S type ; Brazil, Sta. Catherina. Exp. (JO 
•millim. 

1270. Automolis juno. 

Scaptmsjuno, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 279 ; id. Am. Lep. pi. ii. f. 3. 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous yellow ; palpi at sides 
and fore legs above crimson ; abdomen dorsally tinged with pink. 
Fore wing ochreous yellow suffused with grey-brown ; a subbasal 
white spot below the cell ; an antemedial yellow band from below 
costa to inner margin edged with crimson and traversed by a waved 
crimson line ; a slight crimson discoidal spot ; a curved series of 
crimson-edged yellow spots from vein 3 to inner margin; three 
hyaline yellow lunulate postmedial spots between veins 6 and 3, 
with a curved series of five similar spots beyond them ; a terminal 
•series of yellow spots from apex to below vein 2. Hind wing pale 
^irimson, with diffused yellow streaks in cell, submedian interspace, 
'and inner area ; cilia yellow. 

2 . Fore wing with small hyaline postmedial spot above vein 6 
■and no curved series beyond it ; the terminal series of spots 
reduced in size except those above veins 2 and 6. 

Hab. Cayenne, 1 5 ; Brazil, Castro Parana, 1 (S , Petropolis, 
1 2 typet in Coll. Schaus. Kw., d 34, $ 46 millim. 

*1271. Automolis docis. 

Automolis docis, Hlibn. Zutr. iv. 3, p. 32, and iii. ff. 537, 538. 
Auto7aolis basalis, Wlk. vii. 1635 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 168. 

S . Dark brown ; patches of metallic blue on frons, vertex of 
head, thorax, pectus, and coxae ; a semicircular scarlet mark on 
tegulae and patagia ; two red spots on vertex of thorax ; abdomen 
with large scarlet dorsal patch on basal segments ; subdorsal and 
lateral series of metallic blue spots ; ventral surface with some 
metallic blue on 1st and terminal segments ; the medial segments 

e2 



62 aectiadte. 

scarlet. Fore wing with oblique scarlet line from inner margin 
near base to upper angle of cell, where it emits a line along vein 6 
to termen, then is angled to costa. Hind wing with patches of 
scarlet in cell and on basal inner area. 

Hah. Cayenne ; Amazons. Exp. 44 millim. Type f hasalisy 
Amazons (Bates), in Mus. Oxon. 

1272. Automolis perflua. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 15.) 

Halisidota perflua, Wlk. Char. Lep. Het. p. 13 (1869); Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 210. 

(S . Dark red-brown, tegulce and patagia mixed with yellow > 
abdomen with obscure reddish bands on each segment. Pore wing 
with yellow patch on base of costal area with brown points on it ; 
a spot on middle of inner margin, some points in and beyond end 
of cell and two brown discoidal points ; traces of a curved series of 
postmedial yellow points; yellow subterminal patches below apex- 
and between veins 2 and 5, with small brown spots on them ; cilia 
with yellow points. Hind wing yellow, the veins tinged with 
red. 

5 without the yellow points near end of cell of fore wing ;. 
hind wing rather browner. 

Hah. Brazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 c? , 1 2 type. E.vp., S 40, 
$ 46 millim. 

B. Antenna; of male serrate and fasciculate. 

a. Hind wing of c? with vein 8 stalked with 7, of 5 
with 6, 7, 8 stalked. 



Fore wing black with white streaks strigosa ($). 



h^. Fore wing brown, with slight pale streaks on the 

veins separata ($). 

c^. Fore wing brown, with broad oblique orange fascia, fulgurata ($). 
d^. Fore wing brown, with broad oblique orange band 

and oblique wedge-shaped postmedial patch ckrysomelas. 

e^. Fore wing brown, with white subapical spot and 

very oblique orange band , albimaculifera.- 

f^. Fore wing yellow with rufous markings semirosea. 

g^. Fore wing yellow with grey markings, and crimson 

streak at tornus citrina. 

h}. Fore wing yellow, with black spot on inner margin, superha. 

it}-. Fore wing uniform yellowish white elissa ( $ ). 

1273. Automolis strigosa. 

Euchromia strigosa, Wlk. i. 273 (18.54) ; Butl. 111. Het. i. p. 47, pi. 9. 

f. 12; Kirby. Cat. Het. p. 171. 
Eucyrta snbuKfera, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 102. i. 3 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 171. 

5 . Black ; palpi in front, frons, and vertex of head with white 
points ; tegulse with white lateral points, patagia with large spots, 
metathorax with point ; fore coxae orange, the femora striped with 
white ; mid and hind femora with white spots at base and 
extremity ; abdomen with subdorsal orange patches on 3rd to 6th 



AUTOMOLIS. 53 

segments, the ventral surface with orange bands. Fore wing with 
three white streaks below base of costa and another in lower end of 
cell; a wedge-shaped white patch with its apex be3'ond upper 
angle of cell and base near termen ; streaks on veins 3 and 2 and 
in submedian fold not quite reaching termen and a wedge-shaped 
streak on vein 1. Hind wing with whitish patch below and beyond 
eeU., forming three elongate marks on underside. 

Ilab. Panama, type f 2 sitbitUfem in Coll. Rothschild ; Brazil, 
Rio Janeiro, 1 $ type. E.vp. 46 millim. 

1274. Automolis separata. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 5.) 

Apf/rc separata, Wlk. ii. 491 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 171. 

2 . Head orange ; palpi with lateral black spots on 1st and 2nd 
joints ; antennae brown, white above ; thorax brown, slightly 
streaked with grey ; tegular orange in front, fore coxae orange, legs 
striped with white ; abdomen black, the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th segments 
orange above. Fore wing brown, the veins streaked with grey. 
Hind wing fuscous black, with large orange medial patch extending 
from middle of cell to inner margin and termen near tornus. 

Hah. Amazons, Ega (Bates), 1 $ type. Ecc^^. 40 millim. 



1275. Automolis fulgurata. 

Automolis fulgarata, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 420 (1876) ; id. 
111. Lep. Het. B. M. i. p. 46, pi. 18. f. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 

5 . Black-brown ; frons, vertex of head, and coxae behind with 
patches of metallic blue ; a slight orange bar above frons, two spots 
above eyes, and points on fore coxae in front ; broad orange stripes on 
teguhie and patagia ; abdomen black, with dorsal series of metallic 
blue spots on last four segments and lateral series, the 2nd and 3rd 
segments with sublateral orange spots. Fore wing with broad 
oblique orange fascia from base of inner margin to vein 6, along 
which it runs to a point near termen ; the veins with slight pale 
streaks. Hind wing with orange fascia from base to near apex, 
extending from subcostal nervure to below the cell, its lower edge 
curved. 

Hah. Brazil, Espiritu Santo, 1 $ type. E.vj). 48 millim. 

1276. Automolis chrysomelas. 

Automolis chrysomelas, Wile. vii. 1636 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 168. 
Eiicyrta geometrica, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 102. f. 6 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 167. 

Black ; frons metallic blue, two blue points between antennae, 
back of head with orange spots ; thorax orange above with dorsal 
black stripe ; abdomen with dorsal metallic blue spots on terminal 
segments and a lateral series, sublateral white spots on first three 
segments. Fore wing with the veins greyish ; a broad oblique 
orange fascia from base of inner margin to subcostal nervure near 
«nd of cell and vein 4 near tornus ; a large triangular subapical 



54 ARCTllDJE. 

patch from just below costa to below vein 5 near termen. Hind 
wing with the costal area orange, extending to median nervure and 
leaving a black streak on costa beyond middle. 

Hah. Cayenne, type t S geometrica in Coll. Eothschild ; Brazil,. 
type t 2 in Mus. Oxon., Eio Grande do Sul, 1 2 • E^l^. 42 millim. 
Type in Mus. Oxon. 

1277. Automolis albimaculifera, n. sp. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 18.) 

5 . Head black-brown ; palpi yellowish white in front ; frons 
with blue patch, an orange bar above it and two spots above eyes ;. 
thorax orange with dorsal brown stripe ; pectus and legs black, 
coxse with blae patches behind, fore coxae with yellowish patch in 
front, legs with yellowish stripes ; abdomen black, the four terminal 
segments with blue dorsal spots and a lateral series, sublateral 
orange spots on first three segments, which have paired ventral 
yellowish spots followed by bands on next three segments. Fore 
wing brown, with yellowish-white subapical spot ; a very oblique 
orange band from vein 6 to inner margin near base ; the termen 
and cilia grey-brown, narrowing to apex. Hind wing orange-yellow ;. 
the tornal area brown from termen at vein 5 to inner margin before 
middle, leaving the cilia orange. 

Hab, Amazons, Manicore, 1 cT type. Exp. 38 millim. 

1278. Automolis semirosea. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 3.) 

Automolis semirosea, Wlk. xxxi. 103 (1864) ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. p, 170. 

6 . Yellow ; palpi orange-red except in front ; thorax suffused 
with rufous ; abdomen orange-red above. Pore wing with the 
basal area, the costa, and inner margin suffused with rufous ; a 
broad oblique rather ill-defined band from costa just beyond middle 
to tornus ; slight submarginal and marginal series of rufous spots 
on the veins conjoined at middle. Hind wing with the inner area 
orange-red, the costa and termen suffused with pale reddish. 

Hab. Amazons, Ega (Bates), 1 c? type. Exp. 30 millim. 

1279. Automolis citrina. 

Idalus citrina, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 495, pi. 42. f. 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het, 
p. 198. 




Fig. 44. — Automolis citrina, (^ . \. 

Head and thorax orange-yellow ; antennae and palpi brownish ; 
tegulae and edges of patagia edged with crimson ; neck and fore 



AUTOMOLIS. 55 

coxiTD crimson ; legs tiuged with brown ; abdomen crimson above, 
the extremity and ventral surface white. Fore wing orange-yellow 
the basal area with oblique grey patch and some crimson on inner 
margin ; the discocellulars whitish more or less outlined with grey ; 
a slight grey and whitish fascia on costa beyond middle ; a sub- 
triangular grey patch on outer half of inner margin extending up 
to vein 3, crossed by white streaks, and with a crimson streak 
above inner margin ; a subterminal grey spot above vein 5. Hind 
wing white. 

Hah. Venezuela, Merida ; Brazil, Sao Paulo (Jones), 1 c^ , 1 9 • 
E.vp. 38 millim. Type in Coll. Druce. 



1280. Automolls superba. 

Automolis siqoerhn, Druce, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 382, pi. 40. f. 8, $ ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 167. 
AittomoUs salma, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6; xviii. p. 36 (1896), (S ; id. Biol. 

Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 355, pi. 72. f. 23. 

(S . Bright sulphur-yellow; palpi, frons, and antennae black ; frons 
with blue spot ; pectus and legs black, the coxae with metallic blue 
patches ; abdomen orange, with black and blue dorsal patch on last 
two segments, the ventral surface with black and blue patches on 
1st segment followed by a spot on next segment. Fore wing with 
black spot on inner margin beyond middle. 

2 . Abdomen with the black and blue patch extending to 2nd 
segment, the ventral patches followed by two spots. Fore wing 
with apical black spot. Hind wing with broad terminal black band 
narrowing to a point at apex ; the inner area tinged with orange. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui, type t 6 salma in Coll. Staudinger ; 
Colombia (Kalhreyer), 1 (^ ; Ecuador, Sarayacu {Bucl-Uy), 1 $ 
type t in Coll. Druce. Exp. 38 millim. 



*1281. Automolis elissa. 

Automolis elissa, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 277, id. Am. Lep. p. 7, pk 1. f. 21. 

2 . Head orange ; palpi black, orange at base ; antennse black ; 
thorax yellowish white ; pectus and legs black, fore coxae orange ; 
abdomen orange, the first four and last two segments dorsally 
black, the intermediate two segments with black dorsal and lateral 
spots ; wings yellowish white. 

Hah. Venezuela, Valencia ; Brazil, Rio Janeiro. Exp, 5Q 
millim. Type t in Coll. Schaus. 

b. Hind wing of male with vein 8 from the cell. 

cf}. (Ormetica). Hind wing of male with the tornus produced 
to a slight lobe, the inner area with a fold containing a 
tuft of hair. 
a^. Fore wing with the ground-colour orange. 

a\ Fore wing with black spots iripunctata, 

P. Fore wing without black spots latania. 



56 ARCTIAD^Ji;. 

b-. Fore wing with the ground-colour black-brown. 

a^. Fore wing with oblique orange fascia across apical 
area, 
a*. Fore wing with the oblique orange fascia reaching 

terraen packardi. 

h^. Fore wing with the oblique orange median fascia 

hardly reaching beyond the cell sypilus. 

b^. Fore wing without apical fascia. 

a^. Abdomen with lateral orange stripes tcBniata. 

b*. Abdomen without lateral orange stripes. 



. Fore wing with the costa orange to beyond 



middle melea. 

b^. Fore wing without orange fascia on costa pratti. 

*1282. Automolis tripunctata. 

Sutonocrea tripunctata, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 79, pi. 9. f . 2 ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 171. 

(S . Orange ; antennae, palpi, and frons fuscous, the last with a 
blue patch ; mesothorax with fuscous patch ; legs banded with 
black and the tarsi with white. Pore wing with curved triangular 
leaden fuscous patch on basal area extending to above inner 
margin just before middle ; a round discoidal spot ; an elliptical 
spot between veins 3 and 4 ; a round spot just above tornus, and 
an oblique slightly curved streak across apical area. 

Hah. Panama (Ribbe), 1 cS type t in Coll. Staudinger. Ea.j). 
40 millim. 

1283. Automolis latania. 

Automolis latania, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 495, pi. 42. f. 2 ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 167. 

(S . Head black ; frons with blue patch, an orange band above 
it and two spots above the eyes ; thorax orange with dorsal black 
stripe ; metathorax with blue spot ; pectus and legs black, the 
latter striped with yellowish white, the coxae with blue patches : 
abdomen black, the last four segments with dorsal blue spots and a 
lateral series, subdorsal orange patches on second segment, sub- 
lateral orange spots on first three segments, followed by bands on 
next three segments. Fore wing orange-fulvous ; a black point at 
base ; the costa towards apex, the inner margin from just before 
middle, a terminal band expanding at apex, and the cilia black- 
brown. Hind wing orange-yellow, the tornal area from just below 
apex to inner margin near base black, with irregular upper edge ; 
vein 8 almost obsolete. 

Hah. Colombia, type f in Coll. Druce ; Venezuela, Merida 
{Bricenno), 1 c^ . Exjp. 42 millim. 

1284. Automolis packardi. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 19.) 

Euchromia sypilus, Wlk, i. 260 (1854), nee Cram. 

Automolis packardi, Butl. Journ. Linn. Soc, Zool. xii. p. 420 (1876); 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 

* (5 . Black-brown ; frons with metallic blue patch ; tegulae, upper 
edge of patagia, metathorax, and shoulders with orange stripes • 



AUTOMOLIS. 57 

fore tibiae and the tarsi orange ; fore coxie with bhie patches 
behind ; abdomen with dorsal blue spots on last three segments, a 
lateral series of spots and sublateral yellow spots on 2nd and 3rd 
segments. Fore wing with oblique orange fascia from vein 1 near 
base to lower angle of cell, then curved to near termen above 
vein 4 ; an oblique fascia across apical area from below costa to 
termen ; the costa, subcostal nervure, and cilia paler brown. 
Hind wing with tbe costal area down to median nervure and vein 5 
orange, with a semihy aline streak below the cell. 

Hah. Amazons, Para, 1 c^ type, Ega (Bates) 1 J . E.vp. 40 
millim. 

*1285. Automolis sypilus. 

Sphinx sypilus, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 99. A (1777); Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 167. 

$ . Black -brown ; vertex of head with metallic blue spot > 
tegulas orange edged with brown ; patagia orange ; abdomen with 
orange bands on first three segments, the terminal segment with 
dorsal and lateral series of metallic blue spots. Fore wing with 
oblique slightly curved orange fascia from below the cell near base 
to above vein 5 just beyond the cell : an elongate subapical spot 
above vein 6 not reaching termen. Hind wing with orange fascia 
on costal area extending to inner raargin at base and narrowing 
to apex. 

Hah. SdRiNAM. Exp. 46 miUim. This species is unknown to 
me ; it may possibly be the female of A. packardi^ or, as it seems 
to have been figured by Cramer from a drawing, be a reproduction 
from a bad figure of a rubbed specimen. 

1286. Automolis taeniata. 

Chelonia tceniata, Guer. Icon. R. Aniui., Ins. p. 514 (1844) ; Druce, Biol. 

Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 354 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 
Ormetica sphingiformis, Clem. Proc. Acad. Phil. 1860, p. 545 ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 168. 
Automolis imitata. Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 75, pi. 8. f. 27 

(1884). 

Black ; head orange-yellow ; palpi and antennae black, the former 
yellowish in front, a blue bar across frons, a black and blue stripe 

on vertex of head ; tegulae, 
patagia, and sides of 
thorax with broad yellow 
stripes ; fore coxae with 
yellow spots ; femora 
with blue and yellowish 
stripes, hind tibiae and 
tarsi with slight yellowish 
streaks ; abdomen with 
Fig. \^.-~ Automolis tceniata, cJ. \. broad lateral and ventral 

orange-yellow stripes, not 
quite reaching extremity, slight dorsal blue bands on terminal 




58 ARCTIAD^, 

segments. Pore wing with the basal half of costal edge yellow ; 
a broad yellow fascia from base of inner margin to vein 6, where 
it narrows and is bent outw^ards to termen. Hind wing with 
yellow fascia on costal area extending to below the cell, its lower 
edge curved. 

Hab. Mexico, Cordoba (Kumeli), 1 J 1 $ , type imitata, Jalapa 
{Hoege, Trujillo), 1 c? 2 $ , Coatepec {Brooks), 1 $ ; Guatemala 
{Rodriguez, Champion), 3 ^; Costa Rica {Underivood), 2 S , 
Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp, 42-48 millim. 

*1287. Automolis melea. (Plate XLIII. fig. 1.) 

Automolis melea, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) vi. p. 66 (1900). 

. (S . Black ; palpi yellow at base ; frons and vertex of head with 
metallic blue patches ; an orange bar above frons and spots on back 
of head ; tegulie, patagia, and metathorax with broad orange 
stripes ; metathorax and coxae with metallic blue patches, fore 
coxae Avith orange spots in front, the femora and fore tibise with 
whitish stripes ; abdomen with subdorsal orange spots on 2nd 
segment, the last four segments with metallic blue spots and 
a lateral series, the ventral surface with paired orange spots except 
at extremity, the segments edged with blue. Fore wing with 
orange fascia on costa to beyond middle ; an oblique orange band 
from below vein 7 near termen to inner margin near base, rounded 
above and obliquely truncate towards base; termen greyish. Hind 
wing Avith the costal area orange from near base to near termen, 
extending at middle to belo-sv the cell, and with a black patch on 
costa at middle. 

$ . Abdomen without the subdorsal orange spots. Fore wing 
with the oblique band bent outwards towards termen ; hind wing 
with the black patch on costa much reduced. 

Hah, Venezuela, Merida, tvpet d $ in Coll. Druce. Eccp., 

S 42, 2 50 millim. 

*1288. Automolis pratti. (Plate XLIII. fig. 16.) 
Automolis pratti, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) vi. p. 66 (1900). 

(S . Black ; sides of frons, vertex of head, metathorax, and legs 
with metallic blue patches ; back of head with orange spots ; 
tegulae, patagia, and metathorax with broad orange stripes ; abdo- 
men with dorsal metallic blue spots on terminal three segments 
and a lateral series, the ventral surface with orange bands except 
at base and extremity, the segments edged wdth blue. Fore wing 
with very broad oblique orange band from below apex to inner 
margin near base extending into end of cell, rounded above and 
somewhat pointed outwardly below apex and obliquely truncate 
towards base ; the termen greyish. Hind wing with orange patch 
on costa, not quite reaching base, extending to below the cell at 
middle, then narrowing to a point before apex. 

I/ah. Colombia {Pratt), typef 6 in Coll. Druce. Exp. 42 millim. 



AUTOMOLIS. 59" 

b^. Hind wing of male without fold and tuft on inner area. 

a^. {Ischnognatha). Palpi with the third joint long and naked ; hind 
wing of male witli veins 6, 7 stalked. 

1289. Automolis vitrea. 

Bomhyx vitrea, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iii. pi. 276. (1780); Druce, Biol- 
Oentr.-Am., Het. i. p. 79 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 171. 

Fulvous orange ; palpi black, with some white spots at end of 
1st and 2nd joints ; fuscous bands above frons and between antennae ; 
tegulae and patagia with pale and fuscous bands, metathorax with 
pale patches ; abdomen with dorsal series of white points, underside 
of thorax and abdomen whitish. Fore wing with the costa whitish ; 
the inner area from below costa at base to lower angle of cell and 
termen at vein 3 pale fulvous, leaving the upper angle of cell and 




Fig. 46. — Automolis vitrea , S- i- 

the apical area semihyaline white; a subbasal angled series of 
black points followed by white marks ; black streaks on and between 
the veins on fulvous area ; a blue streak edged with black on end 
of median nervure ; two pinkish streaks followed by white spots 
below basal part of vein 2 ; a black-edged triangular mark at lower 
angle of ceil ; a subterminal series of black points often obsolete 
towards apex. Hind wing pale pinkish, the inner area orange. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo); Guatemala {Champion)'^ Hon- 
DTJEAs {Blancaneaux) ; Panama (OJiamjnon), Godman-8alvin Coll.; 
llio Janeiko. Exj). 38-58 millim. 

b-. Palpi with the 3rd joint short. 

a^. Hind wing of male with veins 6, 7 coincident. 
«*. Fore wing with black streaks in all the inter- 
spaces lineosa. 

h*. Fore wing with dark streaks on the veins and in 

interspaces of cell and inner area only tijbris. 

t\ Fore wing without dark streaks on inner area. 
a\ Abdomen with the terminal lialf black. 
a^. Fore wing orange. 
a7 . Fore wing with four black streaks on basal 
costal area, the apical patch with two 

white spots zenzeroides. 

b~ . Fore wing without black streaks at base, 
the apical patch with one white spot. 
a^. Fore wing with the apical patch large, 

the terminal band wide contraria. 



60 



ARCriAD^. 



b'^. Fore wing with the apical patch small, 

the terminal band narrow sicilia. 

b'\ Fore wing black, with two orange bands tegyra. 

1p. Abdomen uniform orange-red. huckleyi. 

1290. Automolis lineosa. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 4.) 

Idalus Uneosus, Wlk. Char. Lep. Het. p. 10 (1869); Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 198. 
Idalus crythronota, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Ara., Het. ii. p. 366 (nee Herr.- 

Schiiff.). 

S . Head and thorax grey ; palpi with crimson streak on 1st 
joint, the Brd joint ringed with black ; patagia with crimson stripe 
on outer edge, thorax with crimson points ; fore coxae with crimson 
patch ; femora streaked with crimson, tarsi ringed with black ; 
abdomen crimson above, whitish below, the anal tuft white. Fore 
wing grey, the outer half yellow, the interspaces with prominent 
black streaks, the two streaks in cell bent upwards and conjoined 
at upper angle ; the streaks expanding into small spots on termen ; 
a yellow streak on middle of inner margin. Hind wing yellowish 
white ; the inner area tinged with crimson. 

Hah. Costa Eica ( U,ulenuood), 1 <S , Godman-Salvin Coll. : 
Brazil, 1 $ type, Sta. Catherina. Exp. 44 millim. 



1291. Automolis tybris. 

Noctua tybris, Oram. Pap. Exot. i. pi. 92. D (1776); Druce, Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. i. p. 79 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 171. 

Head and thorax white mottled with brown, forming bands and 
stripes on tegulae and patagia ; palpi mostly black ; abdomen 
fulvous orange, with dorsal white marks on basal segments ; under- 
side of thorax and abdomen white. Fore wing with the inner 
area pale brown from base below costa to end of cell and thence 
below vein 2 to termen, the veins and interspaces on this area 
streaked with black ; a sinuous subbasal series of white spots ; 




Fig. 47. — Automolis tyh 



a bidentate mark in end of cell, with the dark-edged discoidal 
lunule beyond it ; a medial white point below vein 2 ; a white 
mark on middle of inner margin and angulate postmedial mark 
from below vein 2 to inner margin ; the costa and apical area 



AUTOMOLIS. 01 

white, the latter semihyaline ; the veins of outer area dark ; a 
dentate submarginal line with series of spots beyond it, the one 
above vein 5 large. Hind wing with the costal area semihyaline, 
the inner area orange ; an irregular terminal brown band from 
apex to below vein 2. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui, 1 (5 1 5 (Champion), Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Brazil, Zeller Coll., Mquita. E.vji. 44-48 millim. 

1292. Automolis zenzeroides. 

Automolis zenzeroides, Butl. 111. Het. i. p. 40, ])1. Itt. f. 8 (1877) ; Kirby, 
Oat. Het. p. 167. 

S . Orange-yellow ; abdomen with the first two segments 
yellow, the others black with dorsal series of metallic blue spots on 
the three medial ones, some lateral blue spots ; the ventral surface 
black with white bands. Fore wing with four black streaks on 
basal costal area ; a large apical black patch, with two white spots 
on it and connected by a short terminal band with a spot between 
veins 3 and 4. Hind wing with terminal black band broad at 
tornus, narrowing to a point at apex. 

Hah. Amazons, Rio Purus {Trail), 1 6 type. Exp. 32 millim. 

1293. Automolis contraria. 

Euchromia contraria, Wlk. i. 259 (1854) ; Butl. 111. Het. i. p. 45, pi. 9, 
f. 9; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 

(S . Head black ; palpi white in front ; two white spots above 
frons and two at back of head ; frons and vertex of head with 
patches of metallic blue ; thorax orange-fulvous, with black dorsal 
stripe ; legs striped black and white ; abdomen black, the 1st 
segment fulvous-orange ; a lateral series of metallic blue spots, the 
last three segments with dorsal spots ; the ventral surface black 
with paired whitish lunules. Pore wing orange-fulvous, with large 
apical black patch with elliptical oblique white patch on it ; a 
terminal grey-black band sinuous in submedian interspace. Hind 
wing yellow, with black patch on tornal area narrowing to points 
below apex and near base of inner margin. 

Hah. Amazons, Ega (Bates), 1 S type. Exp. 40 millim. 

*1294. Automolis sicilia. 

Automolis sicilia, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 75 (1884) ; Kirbj^ 
Cat. Het. p. 167. 

Automolis -par ma, Scbaus, Ent. Am. v. p. 90 (1889) ; Druce, Eiol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 355, pi. 72, i. 17 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 

Head and thorax orange ; frons with black and blue patch ; 
antennae black ; palpi and legs ochreous striped with black ; 
abdomen black, the 1st segment orange : a lateral series of metallic 
blue spots and dorsal spots on terminal segments ; a ventral series 
of orange bands. Pore wing orange ; a small apical fuscous patch 



62 ARCT1AD.1:. 

with oblique whitish bar across it; a narrow terminal fuscous 
band. Hind wing orange-yellow ; the terminal area black from 
just below apex, widening to inner margin, on which it extends to 
middle, and with rather irregular inner edge. 

Hah. Mexico, Vera Cruz, type t 6 parma in Coll. Schaus ; 
Panama, Chiriqui, type t $ in Coll. Staudinger. Exp., S 36, 
$ 42 millira. 

*1295. Automolis tegyra. 

Automolis tegym, Druce. A. M. N. H. (6) xviii. p. 36 (1896) ; Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het, ii. p. 355, pi. 72. f. 24. 

(5 . Head and thorax black ; tegulae chrome-yellow ; abdomen 
orange ; the last two segments black and metallic blue. Fore wing 
black, with metallic blue point at base ; a broad oblique chrome- 
yellow antemedial band ; an incurved band from costa beyond 
middle to termen at veins 2, 3. Hind wing with the basal half 
pale yellow becoming orange towards inner margin, the terminal 
lialf bluish black. 

Fore wing on left side with veins 2, 3 connected by an oblique 
cross-vein. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui, 1 S type t in Coll. Staudinger. Exp. . 
38 millim. 

*1296. Automolis buckleyi. 

Zatrephes hucMcyi, Druce, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 383, pi. 40. f. 9 ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 196. 

(S . Orange-red ; palpi striped black and grey ; antennae black ; 
tegular edged with white on inner side ; legs striped black and grey. 
Fore wing with oblique triangular yellow patch on base of costa, 
extending down to vein 1, with black and white lines on its edges 
which do not quite meet at apex ; quadrate ante- and postmedial 
yellow patches, with black and white lines on their inner and outer 
sides ; a black and white line beyond the cell between veins 7 and 
4, with a wedge-shaped grey patch beyond it extending almost 
to termen, the veins on it streaked with black ; a small subterminal 
black spot above vein 1. Hind wing pinkish and semihy aline 
except the area towards tornus. 

Hah. Ecuador, Sarayacu (BucMey), typef in Coll. Druce. Exp). 
46 millim. 

b'^. (Arara). Hind wing of male with veins 6, 7 
stalked, 
a"*. Fore wing scarlet, with three black-edged yellow 

triangular patches on costa garleppi. 

h^. Fore wing flesh-colour, with two purplish patches 

with black streaks on them vittipes. 

c^. Fore wing orange-yellow, with fuscous fascia 

below costa and terminal band from vein 5 to 

inner margin nahdalsa ($ ). 

d^. Fore wing black, with oblique orange band from 

below apex to above inner margin near base... coUateralis. 



AUTOMOLIS. 63 

e*. Fore wing brown or fuscous and yellow. 
a^. Patagia with pink patches, 

a'''. Fore wing without medial and apical brown 

patches on costa diliita. 

6". Fore wing with medial and apical brown 

patches on costa rectiradiata. 

Iy\ Patagia fuscous streaked with white rutila. 

f\ Patagia black angidosa. 

p. Fore wing yellowish white, with brown fascia on 

inner margin and postmedial band tmifascia, 

1297. Automolis garleppi. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 12.) 

Zatrephes garlcppi, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) i. p. 148 (1898). 
Gorgo)iidia inirabil/or, Dyar, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. vi. p. 37 (1898). 

c5" . Yermilion ; palpi and frous black with white streaks ; 
antennas black ; legs black striped with white ; tegulae with some 
white scales on edges; metathorax with pair of white points. 
Fore wing with basal, medial, and postmedial truncate triangnlar 
yellow costal patches, with black lines just inside their inner and 
enter edges ; the last with a short black streak beyond it on costa ; 
a black line beyond the cell between veins 7 and 3, forming the 
base of a large fuscous wedge-shaped mark extending to termen, 
the veins on it being streaked with black ; a large somewhat 
elliptical fuscous patch near tornus. Hind wing with the discal 
area semihyaline. 

Hah. Perf, Piches and Perene Yc ; Bolivia, Songo {Garlepp), 
2 (S . Exp. 41 millim. Type f in Coll. Druce. 

1298. Automolis vittipes. 

Arara vittipes, Wlk. iii. 642 (1855); Druce, Biol. Ceutr.-A.m., Het. ii. 
p. 368, pi. 74. f . 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 170. 

(S . Head and thorax flesh-colour slightly tinged with brown ; 
palpi black, white in front ; legs white, the femora and tibiae 
striped with black ; abdomen strongly tinged with crimson dorsally, 
flesh-coloured below. Pore wing flesh-colour ; a purplish triangular 
patch from base to middle of costa, its apex on inner margin with 
two black streaks on it below costa, two in cell, two below cell and 
one above inner margin, towards which they become short ; the area 
between veins 2 and 5 purplish, with black streaks in the inter- 
spaces, a streak below vein 2, and a spot on termen at submedian 
fold. Hind wing pale yellowish, a brown mark in cell, the inner 
area tinged with crimson. 

$ . Hind wing wholly crimson. 

Hob. Panama, Chiriqui ; Amazons, Santarem {Bates), 1 (S 1 ^ 
type. Eijcp.^ (S 36, $ 40 millim. 

*]299. Automolis naMalsa. 

Automolis nahdalsa, Schaus, Ent. Am. v. p. 90 (1889'! ; Druce, Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 355, pi. 72. f. 21 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 

5 . Orange-yellow ; palpi black above ; frons and vertex of head 



64 AKCTIAD^. 

with black and blue spots ; antennae black ; thorax with fuscous 
patch ; legs striped with black ; fore coxae with blue patches ; 
abdomen with dorsal black spots on first three segments, and lateral 
and sublateral black and blue spots : the terminal three segments 
black above, with dorsal and lateral blue spots. Fore wing with 
some fuscous streaks on costal area ; a fuscous fascia from base, 
where it extends below the cell, then through the cell to near 
termen, where it becomes bifid above veins 6 and 7 ; a terminal 
band formed by fasciae in the interspaces from vein 5 to inner 
margin, towards which thej^ increase in length and on inner margin 
extending to before middle. Hind wing with terminal black band 
from below apex to near tornus, expanding below vein 3 and 
running up vein 1 nearly to base. 

Hah. Mexico, Vera Cruz, type f 5 in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 44 
millim. 

1300. Automolis collateralis, n. sp. (Plate XXXYJ. fig. 6.) 

(S . Black ; frons, vertex of head, thorax, and legs with patches 
of metallic blue ; back of head with orange spots ; tegulae and 
patagia with broad orange fasciae ; fore coxae with orange spots ; 
abdomen with metallic blue dorsal, subdorsal, and sublateral spots, 
the medial segments with ventral orange bands. Fore wing with 
very oblique orange band from above vein 6 to just above inner 
margin near base ; the termen and cilia dull brownish. Hind 
wing with orange patch on costal area, extending to just below the 
cell and narrowing to a point at apex. 

Hah. Colombia, 1 (^ type. Exp. 42 millim. 

1301. Automolis diluta. 

Crato'plastis dihita, Feld. Keis. Nov. pi. 102. f. 8(1874); Druce, Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 76 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 166. 

S . Palpi and frons brown, the latter tinged with bluish ; 
antennae brown ; vertex of head and tegulae yellow, the latter with 

brown medial patch ; 
patagia yellow at base, 
pink at middle, dark 
brown at tips ; thorax 
pinkish, with brown patch 
on mesothorax and dark 
brown patch on meta- 
thorax; legs dark brown, 
the fore coxae pink ; ab- 
Fig. ^8.— Automolis diluta, (^ . \. domen dark brown with 

bluish tinge, lateral pink 
patches at base, the ventral surface ochreous brown except at 
extremity. Fore wing with dark brown basal patch with oblique 
outer edge ; the costal area pale lemon-yellow, the rest of wing pale 




AUTOMOLIS. 65 

brown with a greyish tinge, Hind wing greyish brown, the costal 
half of basal area pale yellow. 

Hah. Mexico, Vera Cruz; Panami, Bugaba (Champion), 1 Sy 
Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Amazons, Pani (Bates). Eccp. 46 millira. 

1302. Automolis rectiradia, u. sp. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 13.) 

Palpi towards extremity and frons brown, the latter with a 
bluish tinge ; antennae brown ; vertex of head yellow ; tegulae 
yellow ; patagia yellow at base, pink at middle, and dark brown at 
tips ; meso- and metathorax with dark brown patches ; legs dark 
brown, the coxse yellow ; abdomen dark brown, with lateral 
yellowish patches at base, the first four segments ventrally yellow. 
Fore wing with dark brown basal patch with curved outer edge, 
followed by an ochreous band emitting an oblique fascia to termen 
above middle; large dark brown patches on middle of costa 
and at apex, with a somewhat triangular ochreous patch between 
them ; the area towards tornus below the fascia and beyond the 
antemedial band dark brown. Hind wing with the basal half 
ochreous, strongly angled outwards beyond lower angle of cell ; the 
terminal half dark brown. 

Hah. Surinam, 1 <S ; Brazil, Upper Amazons, Olivencas (Michelli), 
1 2 ^'JV^' Eocp. 46 millim. 



1303. Automolis rutila. 

Sphinx rutilus, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 382. B (1781); Druce, BioL 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 355 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 160. 

Ischnognatha godmani, Druce, Biol. Ceutr.-Am., Het. i. p. 76, pi. 9. f. 1 
(1884), 2 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 166. 

Ischnognatha striata, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xv. p. 45 (1895), cf . 

J . Head orange; palpi fuscous, white in front; frons with fuscous 
medial stripe ; vertex of head with two black points ; antennae 
fuscous ; thorax fuscous ; tegulae orange at sides, the tegulae and 
patagia streaked with white ; legs fuscous, streaked with white ; 
abdomen orange, with large triangular black dorsal patch on first five 
segments, followed by spots, the terminal segment black; a lateral 
black patch at base followed by spots. Fore wing fuscous; the 
veins streaked with white ; an oblique postmedial orange band 
from costa beyond middle to termen above tornus, towards which it 
slightly narrows. Hind wing black, with large orange costal patch 
extending to well beyond cell and to beyond middle. 

$ . Vertex of head without black points ; abdomen with con- 
tinuous dorsal black fascia ; fore wing with the postmedial band 
very broad, its outer edge being difi'used nearly to apex. 

Hah. Costa Rica (Underwood), 1 St type striata-, Panama, 
Bugaba (Chamjnon), 1 $ , type godmani, Godman-Salvin Coll. : 
Surinam. E.vp., J 42, $ 50 millim. 

VOL. III. F 



€6 ARCTIAD^. 

1304. Automolis angulosa. 

Automolis angulosa, Wlk. vii. 1634 (1856). 

Creatonottis flavicinctus, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. p. 72, f. 433 
(1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen black shot with blue ; tegulae 
and base of abdomen yellow. Fore wing greyish fuscous ; an 
oblique antemedial yellow band widening somewhat towards inner 
margin ; an oblique band across apical area. Hind wing with 
the basal half yellow, the terminal half greyish fuscous. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota (Stevens), 1 ^ ; Brazil. Exp. 46 
millim. 

*1305. Automolis unifascia. (Plate XXXYI. fig. 20.) 
Sallcga unifascia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) iii. p. 466 (1899). 

c?. Palpi and frons brown, the former pale at base; antennae 
black ; back of head orange ; thorax whitish, with the extremity of 
patagia and metathorax brown ; abdomen yellow, with large tri- 
angular black patch on dorsum clothed with brown hair at base, 
dorsal black points on terminal segments and a lateral series ; legs 
brown and whitish, the fore coxae orange. Fore wing yellowish 
white, with fuscous-brown fascia on inner area and an oblique band 
from costa beyond middle to tornus. Hind wing yellowish white, 
with the inner area fuscous. 

Hah. Br. Guiana, Demerara, type t (5" in Mus. Oxon. Kvp. 
40 millim. 

C. Antennae of male minutely ciliated. 

a. Hind wing of female with veins 6, 7 coincident. 

*1306. Automolis orbona. 

Automolis orbona, Schaus, Ent. Am. v. p, 90 (1889) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 355, pi. 72. f. 20 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 167. 

d . Orange-yellow ; palpi blackish above ; frons metallic blue and 

black ; antennae and vertex of head black ; legs black and orange, 

with blue spot on the coxae; 

abdomen with lateral blue 

spots, the last four segments 

black with dorsal and lateral 

blue spots. Fore wing with 

diffused fuscous marks in 

interspaces at apex, and an 

obscure mark on middle of 

^. ,^ , ^ ,. . . , termen. Hind wing with 

Fig. 49. — Automolis orbona, <S- -r- a ? 

^ . «j 1 some fuscous marks on 

termen, increasing in size 

towards tornus. Underside of fore wing with the costa fuscous. 

Hah. Mexico, Vera Cruz, type t d in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 38 

millim. 




AUTOMOLIS. CASTRICA. C'J 

b. (Cresera). Hind wing of female with veins 6, 7 stalked. 

*1307. Automolis annulata. 

Cresera ammlata, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 232. 

2 . Head brown, the vertex ochreous ; palpi banded with 
ochreous ; thorax ochreous, the outer part of tegulae and patagia 
brown ; legs banded with fuscous ; abdomen ochreous, dorsally 
crimson except towards extremity. Fore wing brown ; a slight 
pink mark on inner margin near base followed by an ochreous 
streak ; a series of small triangular ochreous spots on costa from 
base to beyond middle, with a series of points between them on 
subcostal nervure, two of the spots connected with a Y-shaped 




Fig. 50. — Automolis annulata, 2 • t« 

antemedial mark extending to below cell and the 5th with a round 
spot in cell ; obliquely-placed points in middle of cell and on 
median nervure ; slight orange marks on middle of median nervure 
and at lower angle of cell ; two points beyond upper angle ; a large 
postmedial patch extending from costa to vein 3, irrorated with 
brownish, with six brown annuli on it, and an oblique line across 
apical area, a curved series of dark-edged ochreous spots partly 
conjoined to the outer edge of the patch from apex to below vein 2; 
some lilacine white suffusion on termen and below the patch. Hind 
wing pale crimson with slight discoidal spot ; the inner margin 
yellow. 

Hah. Brazil, Rio Janeiro, type t $ in Coll. Schaus. E.vp. 50 
millim. 



Genus CASTRICA. 

Type. 

Castrica, Schaus, Journ. New York Ent. Soe. iv. p. 136 (1896),., pkalanoides. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi oblique, reaching just beyond frons ; 
antennae of male bipectinate with rather short branches, of female very short ; 
tibiae with the spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hairs towards 
base. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 5 from well 
above angle; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 7 given off before 10: 
11 from cell. Hind wing of male with vein 2 from near angle of cell ; 3 and 5 
stalked, 4 absent ; 6, 7 from upper angle, 8 from middle of cell ; the costa 
highly lobed at middle, with patches of androconia on upperside of hind wing 
and underside of fore wing ; female with vein 2 from well before angle of cell ; 
6, 7 stalked to near termen ; 8 from angle of cell. 

e2 



68 



ARCTIAD^. 



1308. Castrica phalaenoides. 

Sphinx phalcBnoides, Drury, 111. Ex. Ent. ii. pi. 28. f. (> (1773) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 166. 
Castrica oweni, Schaus, Journ. New York Ent. Soc. iv. p. 136 (1896) ; 

Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 370, pi. 74. f. 13. 

S . Head brownish grey ; thorax olive yellow-browu, the tegulse 
white except at tips ; fore coxae tufted with orange hair behind ; 
legs grey and white ; abdomen pale fuscous, the extremity olive- 
yeUow, the ventral surface white. Fore wing pale fuscous, the 




Fig. 51. 



inner area olive-yellow ; a hyaline spot in end of cell, conjoined 
patches between veins 2 and 3, which are almost conjoined to 
subterminal and terminal patches ; a terminal spot above vein 6. 
Hind wing brownish white. 

9 . Thorax and abdomen much brighter yellow. Fore wing with 
the inner area much brighter yellow, the patches suffused with 
yellow and more separated ; subterminal and terminal spots above 
vein 7. Hind wing yellow. 

Hah. Honduras ; Costa Eica, 1 $ ; Yenezuela, Aroa, type t in 
Coll. Schaus. Ex;p., S -14, $ 60 millim. 



Genus THYROMOLIS, nov. 
Type, T. pytkia. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, not reaching vertex of 
head ; antenna; of male with bristles and cilia ; tibias with the spurs moderate ; 
hind femora and tibiae fringed with long scales on inner side ; patagia ending 
in tufts of hair ; metathorax with tuft of hair. Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 
from angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 stalked. Hind wing 
with vein 2 from towards angle of cell ; 3, 5 on a long stalk, 4 absent ; 6, 7 
from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell, not reaching costa ; the inner area 
with fold and tuft of long hair, the tornus produced to a lobe. 

1309. Thyromolis pythia. 

Idalus 'pythia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) vi. p. 67 (1900). 

S . Head and thorax grey mixed with brown and black ; palpi 
pale yellow, crimson above ; antennae fuscous, the shaft crimson 
above towards base, white towards tip ; legs yellow and white ; 
abdomen pale yellow, with fuscous dorsal patch on four terminal 
segments, the ventral surface white. Fore wing with the inner 
area purplish grey extending to basal part of costa, mottled and 



THYROMOLIS. HYPERANDRA . 



69 



Striated with red-brown, with yellow spot at base of eosta and short 
streak on vein 1 beyond middle, and with slight black marks at base 
of vein 1 and on inner margrin before middle : the rest of the wing 




Fig. 52. — Thyromolis pijthia, (^ . }. 

yellow hyaline, with dark brown point at lower angle of cell and a 
large round apical purplish-grey patch irrorated with brown and 
with diffused black centre ; the grey area with yellow edges. 
Hind wing yellow, with fuscous suffasion on costal area, the inner 
area deep orange. 

Hah. Bolivia, Rio Songo {Garlepp), 2 J. Exp. 34 millim. 
Type t in Coll. Druce. 

Genus HYPERANDRA, nov. 

Type, H. appeiidiculata. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned and reaching vertex of head; 
antennae of male minutely serrate and fasciculate ; tibiae with the spurs minute ; 
abdomen dorsally clothed with hair towards base Fore wing with vein 2 
curved ; 3 from close to angle ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 
iO stalked, 10 from 8 just before 7 ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 2 
from close to angle of cell ; 3, 5 shortly stalked ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 from middle of cell ; the costa very strongly lobed at middle, covering 
very large patches of androconia extending into cell on underside of fore wing 
and to median nervure of hind wing ; the termen deeply indented below 
vein 2 and its apical part thickly clothed with large scales above. 



*1310. Hyperandra appendiculata. 

Creatonotiis appendiculatus, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. ff. 475, 476 
(1856) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 171. 

S . Head brown, the vertex orange ; antennae whitish at tips ; 

thorax brown, the tegalaB 
and base of patagia and 
mesothorax pure white ; 
abdomen orange, the ex- 
tremity and ventral surface 
pure white. Fore wing 
brown, slightly purplish 
towards the terminal yel- 
low band extending from 
Fig. b^.—Hyperandra appendiculata, ^ . \, \^q\q^^ apex to below vein 2. 

Hind wing yellow. 
Hah. Brazil, Rio Janeiro, Coll. Schaus. Exp. 34 millim. 




i<^ AIICTIADJ5. 

Genus HYPIDALIA, nov. 

Type, H. enervis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, not reaching vertex of 
head ; antennae of male serrate and fasciculate ; tibiae with the spurs moderate. 
Fore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
near angle of cell ; 4 absent ; 5 from angle ; the discocellulars straight^and 
erect ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 from near end of cell. 

1311. Hypidalia enervis. 

Idakis enervis, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 229. 

c? . Palpi brownish, the 1st joint fringed with crimson hair; 
head white ; frons with crimson bar ; antennae brownish ; thorax 
crimson mixed with white ; patagia and pectus white, the latter 
crimson in front ; legs white, fore legs streaked with brown ; 
abdomen crimson above, white below. Pore wing yellow, the basal 
area tinged with crimson and grey ; the costa and inner margin 




Fig. 54. — Hypidalia enervis, (S . \- 

white, with crimson streak below former and above latter ; a pur- 
plish-grey discoidal patch and streak below costal fascia towards 
apex ; two greyish points beyond the cell and an oblique sub- 
terminal series of small spots ; cilia white at tips. Hind wing pure 
white, very slightly tinged with crimson beyond lower angle of 
cell. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana, type f in Coll. Schaus, Petropolis, 
1 S , I^io Janeiro {Doer), 1 S . Exp. 40 millim. 



Genus CISSURA. 

Type. 

ura, Wlk. ii. 488 (1854) decora. 

Cratosia, Feld. Eeis. Nov. p. 3 (1874) decora. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head; 
antennae of male with bristles and cilia; tibiae with the spurs moderate; 
abdomen dorsally clothed with long hair towards base. Fore wing with the 
costa arched ; vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 stalked ; 6 shortly stalked 
with 7, 8, 9, 10; 11 from angle of cell. Hind wing with vein 2 from near 
angle of cell; 3, 4 stalked; 5 from below middle of discocellulars; 6, '7 
coincident and 8 shortly stalked with them. 



CIS8URA. 71 

A. Fore wing scarlet, with fuscous fascijB on costa, median 

nervure, and inner margin unilineata. 

B. Fore wing dark, with scarlet fascia below costa and median 

nervure. 

a. Fore wing with scarlet fascia on inner margin decora. 

b. Fore wing without scarlet fascia on inner margin plumbea. 

*1312. Cissura unilineata. 

Cratosia unilineata, Dognin, Le Nat. (2) v. p. 8 (1891) ; id. Lep. Loja, p. 52, 
pi. 4. f. 15 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 287. 

$ . Head and thorax black, suffused with blue-grey except the 
palpi and antennae ; patagia scarlet edged with bluish grey ; coxse 
scarlet ; abdomen black, with dorsal scarlet bands except on last two 
segments, only leaving narrow segmental black lines towards base. 
Fore wing scarlet, becoming slightly orange towards apex; the 
costa blackish, expanding into a fuscous streak at middle ; a fuscous 
streak on median nervuie and vein 5 to near termen ; the inner 
margin fuscous ; cilia blackish. Hind wing fuscous, with semi- 
hyaline patch below the cell. 

Hah. EcTJADOK, Loja, type f in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 50 millim. 



1313. Cissura decora. 

Cissura decora, Wlk. ii. 489 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 287. 
Cratosia parallela, Feld. Keis. Nov. pi. 106. f. 8 (1874). 

Head and thorax blue-black; tegulae edged with crimson in 
front; patagia edged with crimson above; pectus crimson; legs 
black, with white points at base of tarsi ; abdomen crimson. Fore 
wing bluish black ; a crimson fascia on costa, becoming subcostal 
before middle and at apex joining a fascia on costa arising beyond 




Fig. 55. — Cissura decora, J. V- 

middle; a fascia from base of inner margin to the narrow terminal 
band below apex ; a narrow fascia on inner margin arising before 
middle. Hind wing fuscous, the area below the cell and vein 3 
whitish, especially in male. 

Bab. Brazil, 1 6 type, Sao Paulo {Jones), 1 $ . Exp. 42-46 
millim. 



72 AEOriAD^. 

1314. Cissura plnmtea, n. sp. (Plate XXXVI. fig. 2.) 

Cissura decora, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 399 (nee Wlk.). 

2 . Head and thorax leaden grey ; 1st joint of palpi, part of 
2nd, upper edge of patagia, pectus, coxae, and abdomen crimson. 
Fore wing leaden grey ; a crimson subcostal fascia from base to 
apex, where it joins a costal fascia arising beyond middle ; a fascia 
from base to termeu below apex, the crimson on costa being 
continued round the apex to meet it. Hind wing fuscous grey, the 
area below the cell paler. 

Hah. Br. Honduras, Belize, 1 $ type. Exp. 42 millim. 

Genus MELESE. 

Type. 

Melese, Wlk. ii. 491 (1854) postica. 

Malabus, Wlk. iii. 716 (1855) ineertus. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching or not reaching vertex 
of head, the 3rd joint minute ; antennae of male minutely serrate and fasciculate, 
or bipectinate with short branches ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; thorax and 
abdomen clothed with rough hair. Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of 
cell; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell; male with an 
elliptical scale-like leaden-grey glandular patch below base of cell ; the termen 
turned over on underside Irom apex to vein 3 so as to make it appear straight. 
Hind wing with vein 2 from well before angle of cell ; 3, 4 stalked or from cell ; 
5 from well above angle ; 6, 7 coincident ; 8 shortly stalked with 7, rarely 
obsolete. 

Sect. I. (Malahus). Hind wing with veins 3,4 stalked. Antennae of male 
minutely serrate and fasciculate, 

A. Fore wing with irregular crimson-edged orange markings 

in and below cell. 

a. Female with large yellow irregular postmedial patch on 

costa and conjoined crimson-edged yellow spots on 

termen amastris. 

b. Female with postmedial white lunule below costa and no 

spots on termen russata. 

B. Fore wing brown with crimson subcostal streak ; a spot below 

cell on vein 1. 

a. Fore wing without yellow and scarlet spots on inner 

margin, the female with antemedial yellow spot incerta. 

b. Fore wing with yellow and scarlet antemedial and medial 

spots on inner margin endopyra. 

C. Fore wing almost uniform crimson suffused with chestnut, 

the basal area below cell yellowish chozeba. 

1315. Melese amastris. 

Neritos amastris, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 90, pi. 9. f. 23, (^ 
(1884); id. Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 367, pi. 73. f. 26, $; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 198. 

S. Head and thorax orange mixed with scarlet; antennae 
brownish, the tips and tarsi white ; abdomen crimson. Pore wing 
crimson, thickly irrorated with brow n ; the basal half with irregular 
scarlet-edged orange spots, one below cell before middle, two in cell 
conjoined to one below its middle, with another below it on vein 1 ; 



MBLESE. 73 

two spots below end of cell ; a small scarlet-edged hyaline spot 
beyond the cell, between veins 5 and (J Hind wing crimson. 




Fig. 56. — Melese amasfris, (^ . \. 

2 with an irregular crimson-edged pale yellow patch on costa 
beyond middle, extending down to vein 4 and with its outer edge 
excised ; a series of conjoined crimson-edged yellow spots on termen 
between apex and vein 3. 

Eab. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo), tyipe ; Guatemala (Champion); 
CosTA Rica (Underwood), Godman-Salvin Coll.; Brazil, Sta. 
Catherina. Exj>., ^ 40, $ 44 millim. 

1316. Melese russata. (Plate XXXVII. tig. 1.) 

Elysiiis russatns, H. Edw. Papilio, iv, p. 60 (1884); Kirbv, Cat. Het. 
p. 219. 

5 . Head and thorax orange-red, suffused with grey-brown on 
frons, tegulae, and outer edge of patagia ; tips of antennae and tarsi 
white ; abdomen crimson. Fore wing crimson, suffused with grey- 
brown, leaving a slight crimson streak below costa and slight marks 
in cell ; irregular crimson-edged orange patches on basal area below 
the cell ; a postmedial crimson-edged white lunule below the costa 
with a yellowish mark above it on costa ; cilia crimson and yellow 
from apex to vein 3. Hind wing crimson. 

Hab. Mexico, Cuesta de Misantla {Trujillo), 1 $ , Godman- 
Salvin Coll. Exp. 44 millim. 

1317. Melese incerta. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 6.) 

Malahus incertus, Wlk. iii. 716 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 246. 

(S . Eufous brown ; palpi above, sides of frons, and basal joint of 
antennae crimson ; tegulaB edged with crimson ; legs white and 
brown, fore coxae and part of femora crimson ; abdomen crimson, 
the extremity brown, the ventral surface white. Fore wing with 
fine subcostal crimson streak, and some crimson at base of inner 
margin ; an antemedial crimson point on vein 1 ; cilia crimson 
from apex to vein 2. Hind wing crimson. 

2 . Antennae white at tips ; fore wing with crimson-edged yellow 
antemedial spot on vein 1. 

Hah. Venezuela, Aroa ; Eeazil, Para, 1 cS type, Espiritu Santo, 
2 $ ; Bolivia, R. Songo. Ea)2)., d 30, $ 36-40 millim. 



74 ARCTIAD^. 

1318. Melese endopyra, n. sp. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 15.) 

Head and thorax reddish brown ; palpi above, sides of frons, and 
back of head crimson ; tegulae and patagia slightly edged with 
crimson ; coxae and femora above crimson ; metathorax with 
crimson patch ; abdomen crimson above, whitish below. Fore 
wing red-brown ; yellow and scarlet streak on base of inner margin 
expanding into a patch with a yellow spot on it before middle ; a 
medial bar from submedian fold to inner margin ; a blackish spot 
in middle of cell and another with slight red centre below base of 
vein 2 ; obliquely-placed small dark-edged hyaline spots beyond 
the cell above and below vein 6. Hind wing yellow tinged with 
pink, especially in female. 

Hah. Bolivia, Chaco {Garlep'p\l 5 type, S in Coll. Staudinger. 
Exp. 40 miUim. 

1319. Melese chozeba. 

Neritos chozeba. Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 90, pi. 9. f. 22 (1884) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 

S . Head and thorax orange tinged with crimson and chestnut ; 
tips of antennae and tarsi white ; pectus and abdomen crimson, the 
latter orange towards extremity. Fore wing crimson suflPused with 
chestnut, and with some confluent orange-yellow spots on basal area 
below the cell ; traces of a postmedial hyaline point above vein 5. 
Hind wing yellowish white, the inner area very slightly tinged 
with crimson and brown. 

Hah. Costa Rica, Irazu {Rogers), 1 S type, Godman-fealvin Coll.; 
Beazil, Sta. Catherina, Rio Grande do Sul. Exp. 42 millim. 

Subsp. 1. Head, thorax, abdomen, and markings of fore wing deep 
bright crimson ; the hyaline spot above vein 5 well developed ; hind 
wing pale yellow. 

Hah. Colombia {Pratt), in Coll. Druce. 

Sect. II. {Melese). Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from cell ; the scale-like gland 
small. 
A. Antennae of male bipectinate, with short branches. 

a. Fore wing with crimson markings ; hind wing tinged 

with crimson. 

a}. Vertex of head brown.. asmia. 

b^. Vertex of head yellow and crimson. 

«^. Fore wing ot female without prominent yellow 

postmedial patch on costa flavimaculata. 

6^. Fore wing of female with yellow postmedial patch 

on costa laodamia. 

c^. Fore wing of female with crimson annuli on yellow 

spots ocellata, 

b. Fore wing without crimson markings ; hind wing brown, babosa. 

1320. Melese asana. 

Neritos asana. Druce, Biol, Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 90, pi. 9. f. 21 (1884) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 

cJ . Head and thorax grey-brown ; antennae white at tips ; palpi, 




MKLESE. 75 

basal joint of antennae, a ring round neck, and the edges of tegulae 
and patagia crimson ; legs striped with crimson, the tarsi white ; 

abdomen crimson. Fore 
wing grey-brown, with slight 
crimson streak below costa 
and black point in cell ; ante- 
medial and medial series of 
three small crimson-edged 
spots centred with yellow 

Fig. m.—Melesc asava, S- \- ^^}^^ *^^ ^^^^' *^® ^^^ ^^^^^^ 

with the centre of the spot 
on vein 1 whitish ; two conjoined black-edged hyaline postmedial 
points below costa connected with a yellow mark on costa. Hind 
wing yellowish, more or less suffused with crimson. 

$ . Fore wing with the point in cell and series of spots below it 
crimson except the white-edged spot; the postmedial points replaced 
by a yellow patch with its lower extremity running out to a point ; 
cilia yellow from apex to vein 3. Hind wing crimson. 

Ab. 1. Larger, 38 millim. ; fore wing with larger yellow patches 
above inner margin. — Petropolis, Eio Janeiro. 

Hah. Mexico, Tabasco {H. H. Smith), 2 J ; Panama {Champion), 
1^,1$ type, Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Colombia, St. Martha {Bon- 
card), 1 S : Amazon, Ega {Bates), 1 $ , Petropolis, Rio Janeiro 
{Doer\ 3 6 . Exp., 6 26, $ 32 millim. 



*1321. Melese flavimaculata. (Plate XXXVII. lig. 18.) 

Melese flavimaculata, Dognin, Ann. See. Ent. Beige, xliii. p. 327 (1899). 

$ . Crimson ; head and thorax mixed with orange ; a fuscous 
bar across upper part of frons. Fore wing largely suffused with 
dark brown ; a crimson-edged yellow spot at base, an antemedial 
spot below cell, a spot in middle of cell, another above base of vein 
2, and an obscure spot below vein 2 ; a wedge-shaped spot below 
costa beyond middle, with a quadrate spot below its extremity above 
vein 5 ; irregular crimson and yellow spots on termen from apex, 
where there is a wedge-shaped spot, to vein 3 where there is a 
larger spot. 

Hah. Ecuador {C. de Lahonnefou), type t $ in Coll. Dognin. 
Ex2^. 40 millim. 

1322. Melese laodamia. 

Neritos laodamia, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 90, pi. 9. f. 20 (1884), 

c? ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 
Neritos cutheans, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xviii. p. 40 (1896), $ . 

S . Head and thorax orange and crimson ; a bar above frons, 
antennae, tegulae in front, edges of patagia, and a patch on meso- 
thorax grey-brown ; legs crimson and brown, the tarsi white ; 



76 ARCTIAD^. 

abdomen crimson, orange at extremity. Fore wing yellow ; some 
crimson and grey-brown suffusion on basal and costal areas to 
beyond middle, then running obliquely to terraen at vein 2 or 3 and 
leaving a yellow spot in end of cell and a large ill-defined patch on 
medial inner area ; a triangular crimson and grey-brown patch on 
costa beyond middle sometimes connected with the oblique outline 
of basal area. Hind wing white. 

2 . Fore wing with the ground-colour crimson suffused with 
grey-brown, leaving some crimson marks at base, an orange and 
crimson spot in middle of cell, and six or seven spots on medial area 
below the cell ; a postmedial yellow spot on costa, its lower extremity 
produced towards tornus ; the termen yellow from apex to vein 3 ; 
hiud wing tinged with pale crimson. 

Hab. Mexico, Orizaba ; Panama, Chiriqui, type f in Coll. Staud- 
inger ; Colombia, type t $ cutheans in Coll. Druce ; Venezuela, 
Aroa, 1 (S,2 $ ; Trinidad. Ea^^., c? 38, $ 52 millim. 



1323. Melese ocellata, n. sp. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 2.) 

2 . Head yellow and crimson ; thorax brown, with crimson 
patches on patagia ; legs yellow and brown ; abdomen yellow, 
dorsally tinged with crimson. Fore wing brown, with large elliptical 
yellow spots with crimson annuli on them ; a subbasal spot ; an 
oblique antemedial series of three spots, the two below the cell 
coDJoined ; a small spot in end of cell ; a postmedial series of con- 
joined spots angled outwards to near termen at vein 5, then oblique 
to above middle of inuer margin ; an irregular apical spot. Hind 
wing yellow, strongly tinged with crimson. 

Hah. Brazil, Minas Geraes, 1 5 type. Ea^p. 34 millim. 



1324. Melese babosa. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 23.) 

Neritos habosa, Dognin, Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxxviii. p. 681 (1894). 

5 . Head and thorax pale brown ; palpi above and basal joint of 
antennae pink ; legs brown and white, the coxae pink ; abdomen 
pink with brown lateral stripes, the ventral surface white. Fore 
wing pale brown, thickly irrorated with darker brown ; two fuscous 
discoidal points ; an irregular postmedial hyaline yellow patch 
below costa, with projections from its upper and lower sides ; slight 
yellow points on costa towards apex and on termen below apex. 
Hind wing brown, with pale yellowish spot beyond upper angle of 
ceU. 

Hind wing with vein 8 obsolete. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana, 1 $ , Sao Paulo ; Ecuador, Loja, 
type t $ in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 34 millim. 



MELESE. 77 

B, Antennae of male serrate and fasciculate. 

a. Fore wing with three obliquely placed postmedial white 

points from costa postica. 

h. Fore wing with yellow and crimson spot beyond cell dorothea. 

1325. Melese postica. 

Melese postica, Wlk. ii. 492 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 247- 

Eufous brown ; palpi above, sides of frons, and basal joint of 
antennae crimson ; fore coxae crimson ; tarsi whitish ; abdomen 
crimson, whitish below. Fore wing with traces of subcostal 
crimson streak ; some crimson at base of inner margin ; a small 




^ig.b^.— Melese 2X)stica, c?. }. 

fuscous spot on vein 1 before middle, a discoidal spot and an 
obscure band from lower angle of cell to inner margin, all these 
sometimes with whitish or crimson centres ; three obliquely placed 
whitish points from costa beyond middle, the middle one often 
almost obsolete. Hind wing crimson. 

Hah. Amazons, Pani, 1 $ type, Ega, 1 J , Villa Nova, 1 d" • 
Exp. 24-30 millim. 

1326. Melese dorothea. 

Bomhyx dorothea, StoU, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 397. K (1782) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 219. 
FhaliBiia cruenta, Sepp, Ins. Surinam, ii. pi. 73 (1848) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 907. 
Halisidota binotata, Wlk. vii. 1709 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen orange and crimson ; the frons 
and sides of tegulae greyish ; legs and ventral surface of abdomen 
greyish. Fore wing crimson, almost entirely suffused with grey- 
brown, leaving some crimson at base and on costa ; crimson-edged 
orange spots below middle of cell, on vein 1 before middle, and 
beyond discocellulars above vein 5. Hind wing pale crimson, deej^er 
on inner area. 

S . Fore wing strongly irrorated with fuscous, especially on 
terminal half ; hind wing white, with some pink towards tornus. 

Hah. Surinam ; Panama, Chiriqui Volcano, 1 $ ; Brazil, 
Espiritu Santo, Kio Janeiro, 1 ^ . Exp., ^ 38, $ 48 millim. 

Larva. Blackish ; the sutures of head dull orange ; some dull 
orange marks on dorsum ; warts blue ; hair black. Food-plant, 
? an Asclepiad. 



78 AKCTIAD^. 

Genus BERTHOLDIA. 

Type. 

Bertholdia, Schaus, J.N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 137 (1896) specularis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head, 
rather broadly scaled, the 3rd joint minute; frons with tuft of hair ; antennge 
of male ciliated ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. Fore 
wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell, or 3 before angle ; 6 from upper 
angle or shortly stalked with 7, 8, 9, 10; 11 free. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 
from angle of cell or shortly stalked ; 5 from well above angle ; 6, 7 coincident ; 
8 from towards angle of cell ; male with a scale-like gland on underside of fore 
wing below the cell near base. 

A. Abdomen crimson above. 

a. Fore wing with antemedial white point on vein 1. 

a^. Tegulse with white dorsal spot ; fore wing with white 
siibterminal line. 
a^. Fore wing with lilacine grey suifusion below the 

hyaline patch , albipuncta. 

b^. Fore wing without grey suffusion below the hyaline 

patch myostwta. 

h^, Tegnlse without white spot ; fore wing without white 

subterminal line hraziliensis. 

h. Fore wing with antemedial yellow point on vein 1 . 

d^. Head and thorax dark red -brown philotera. 

v. Head and thorax pale brown pencilled with white. 
a^. Hind wing with the ternien pure white ; underside 
of fore wing crimson, the terminal area grey to 
vein 3, with crimson streaks on the veins. 
a^. . Fore wing with the outer edge of hyaline patch 

sinuous below vein 6 sehausiana. 

b^. Fore wing with the outer edge of hyaline patch 

straight below vein 6 trigona. 

h'^. Hind wing with the termen tinged with fuscous ; 
underside of fore wing with crimson patch in cell, 
and no crimson streaks on veins of terminal area . . . specularis. 

B. Abdomen yellow above flavidorsata. 

1327. Bertholdia albipuncta. 

Bertholdia albipuncta, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 137 (1896) ; Druce. 
Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 380, pi. 75. f. 16. 

(5 . Head and thorax red-brown ; palpi white, crimson above ; 
tegulse edged with white and with white medial patch ; legs white, 
femora at extremities and greater part of tibiae brown, fore coxse 
and femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson, the ventral surface 
white, a lateral series of black spots. Fore wing brown ; an ante- 
medial white point on vein 1 ; a hyaline patch extending on costa 
from middle to towards apex, its lower edge curved down to vein 
4 and slightly sinuous, its outer edge sinuous and produced at vein 
5, some black points on it near the veins, some lilacine grey suffusion 
below it down to vein 2 ; the apex tinged with lilacine grey ; a fine 
whitish subterminal line. Hind wing pure white. 

2 . Hind wing with the inner and terminal areas tinged with 
fuscous. 

Bab. Mexico, Vera Cruz, Jalapa ; Panama, Chiriqui, 1 cS ; 
Venezuela, Aroa, type in Coll. Schaus ; Bkazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 $ . 
Rvp. 36 millim. 



BERTHOLDIA. 79 

1328. Bertholdia myosticta, n. sp. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 19.) 

Bertholdia albipuncta, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 380 (part.), pi. 75. 
f. 18. 

Head and thorax red-brown ; palpi white in front ; tegulae slightly 
edged with white and with white medial patch ; legs white, the 
extremity of femora and greater part of tibiae brown, fore cox8d and 
femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson, the ventral surface white, 
a lateral series of black spots. Fore wing red-brown, yellowish 
towards inner margin and termen ; an antemedial white spot on 
vein 1 ; a hyaline patch extending on costa from middle to towards 
apex, its lower edge curved down to vein 4, its outer sinuous and 
produced at vein 5 to near termen, some black points on it near the 
veins and one or two just beyond it near vein 5 ; a curved yellowish 
subterminal line becoming white towards costa ; some white points 
on cilia towards apex. Hind wing hyaline, the inner and terminal 
area tinged with fuscous, the inner margin crimson towards base. 
Underside of fore wing with crimson patch in cell. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing pure white, with more crimson on inner 
area. — Yenezuela. 

Hah. Mexico, Orizaba, 1 $ ; Costa Rica, Irazu {Rogers), 1 (S 
type, Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Venezuela, Merida (Bricenno), 1 2 5 
Brazil, Castro Parana. E.V2^.^ S 42, 2 4<S millim. 



1329. Bertholdia braziliensis, n. sp. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 3.) 

Head and thorax yellow-brown ; palpi crimson, white in front ; 
basal joint of antennae crimson behind ; legs white, the extremity 
of femora and base of tibiae brown, fore coxae on outer side and 
femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson, the ventral surface white, 
a lateral series of black spots. Pore wing yellow-brown irrorated 
with black ; the basal half of costa crimson ; a yellowish antemedial 
point below the cell and white point on vein 1 ; a black-edged 
yellow hyaline patch extending on costa from middle to towards 
apex, its inner edge bisinuate and extending down to vein 3, its 
outer irregularly sinuous and produced at vein 6, some black points 
on the veins. Hind wing semihyaline white, the inner area tinged 
with crimson. Underside of fore wing with crimson patch in cell. 

Hah. Brazil, Sao Paulo {Jones\ 4 cT type, Eio Janeiro, 3 $ . 
Exp., (S 36, 2 40-48 miUim. 

1330. Bertholdia philotera. 

Bertholdia philotera, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 380, pi. 75. ff. 19, 

21 (1897). 

c5" . Head and thorax red-brown : palpi crimson, whitish in front ; 
antennae with the basal joint ringed with crimson ; neck crimson ; 
legs white, the extremity of femora and greater part of tibiae brown ; 
fore coxae and femora crimson ; abdomen crimson, with a black patch 
on middle of dorsum connected by a fascia with the black terminal 



80 



ARCTFAD^. 



segment, the ventral surface white, a lateral series of black spots. 
Eore wing red-brown ; the base of inner margin crimson ; a small 
yellow antemedial spot on vein 1 ; a hyaline patch extending on 
costa from middle halfway to apex, its lower edge bisinuate to vein 
3 near termen, its outer edge irregular, produced to a point above 
vein 5, yellowish at costa, and with some black points on the veins ; 
an indistinct pale curved subterminal line ; some yellow points 
on the cilia. Hind wing fuscous brown, some hyaline in, below, 
and beyond the cell ; the inner margin crimson ; the cilia white 
at apex. 

2 . Abdomen without the black patch and fascia ; a slight 
blackish dorsal mark on veins 2 and 3. 

Hab. Panama, Chiriqui (Trotscji), 1 $ . E.vj:^. 42 millim. Type t 
in Coll. Staudinger. 

1331. Bertholdia schausiana. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 20.) 
Bertholdia schausiana, Dyar, J. N. Y. Ent. See. vi. p. 36 (1898). 

Head and thorax brown pencilled with white ; palpi crimson, 
white in front ; basal joint of antennae crimson below ; tegulse and 
patagia edged with crimson ; legs white, fore coxae on outer side 
and femora above crimson, the tibia and last joint of tarsi brown : 
abdomen crimson, the ventral surface white, a lateral series of black 
spots. Fore wing thickly irrorated with black and brown, and 
usually strongly tinged with crimson ; the basal half of costa and 
base of inner margin scarlet; an antemedial yellow point on vein 1 ; 
a large hyaline patch tinged with yellow towards edges and edged 
bj^ a fine black line extending on costa from middle to towards apex, 
its inner edge sinuous and extending down to vein 4, its outer 
irregularly sinuous and produced at vein 6, some black points on the 
veins ; the costa towards apex and a fine terminal line scarlet ; 
cilia yellow, chequered with black, rarely wholly yellow. Hind 
wing semihyaline white, the inner area strongly tinged with 
crimson. Underside of fore wing crimson, the terminal area down 
to vein 3 grey, with crimson streaks on the veins. 

Hab. Mexico, Orizaba, Jalapa {Hoeffe, Trujillo), 3 $ ; Costa Rica 
(Underwood), 1 2 » Godman-Salvin Coll. E.vp. 50 millim. 

1332. Bertholdia trigona. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 4.) 

Halesidota trigona, Grote, N. Am. Ent. i. p. 46 (1879) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 211. 

S . Head and thorax brown pencilled with white ; palpi 
crimson, white in front: basal joint of antennae crimson below; 
tegulae and patagia edged with crimson ; legs white, fore coxse on 
outer side and femora above, the tibia and tarsi grey, mid and hind 
femora and tibiae black at extremities ; abdomen crimson, the 
ventral surface white, a lateral series of black spots. Fore wing 
grey, strongly irrorated with brown and tinged with crimson ; the 
basal half of costa scarlet ; antemedial yellow spots below the cell 



BERTHOLDIA. 81 

and on vein 1, and a more or less developed patch below end of 
cell ; a hyaline patch, yellow towards its edges, on which are fine 
black lines, its inner edge angled inwards at costa and at its 
extremity on vein 3, its enter edge angled on vein 6 ; the terminal 
area brown doAvn to vein 3, the costa towards apex scarlet ; cilia 
chequered scarlet and black. Hind wing white, more or less tin^-ed 
with crimson except towards costa and termen. Underside of fore 
wing crimson, the terminal area grey down to vein 3, with crimson 
streaks on the veins. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado ; N. Mexico, Durango, 1 c^* . Exp. 40 
millim. 

1333. Bertholdia specularis. 

Trichromia specularis, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 59 (1853)- 
Druce, Biol. Oentr.-Am., Het. i. p. 100 ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. p. 196. 

Head and thorax brown with whitish pencilling ; palpi crimson 
white in front ; basal joint of antennae crimson ; neck and edo-es of 
tegulae and patagia crimson; legs white, with some brown at 
extremity of femora and base of tibiae, fore femora crimson above ; 
abdomen crimson, the ventral surface white, a lateral series of black 
spots. Fore wing pale grey-brown, thickly irrorated with black ; 
the basal half of costa scarlet ; small obliquely-placed antemedial 




Fig. 59. — Bertholdia specularis, (^ . \. 

yellow spots below the cell and on vein 1 ; a large hyaline patch 
extending on costa from middle to towards apex, its inner side 
edged with black, sinuous, and extending down to vein 3, its outer 
irregularly sinuous and produced at vein 6, some black points on 
the veins and the costa yellow, the area beyond it tinged with red ; 
the termen grey ; the cilia blackish with yellow spots. Hind wing 
semihyaline white, the inner area crimson, the termen tinged with 
fuscous. Underside of fore wing with crimson patch in cell. 

The male makes a noise during flight, v. Rogenh. Yerh. zool.-bot. 
Ges.Wien, 1869, p. 919. 

Hob. Mexico, 1 c? , 1 5 , Jalapa {Hoege, Trujillo), 1 c^ , 2 $ ; 
Costa Rica ( Underwood)^ 1 5 ; Guatemala {Rodriguez, Champion), 
1 c? , 2 $ ; Panama, Chiriqui {Champion, Rihhe), 2 cS ^ I $ , 
Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Venezuela, Area. Eccp., cS4:0, $ 44 millim. 

VOL. III. G 



82 ARCTIAD^. 

1334. Bertholdia flavidorsata, n. sp. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 21.) 

2 • Head and thorax purplish brown ; palpi white in front ; 
vertex of head tinged with white ; tegiilse edged with white ; 
patagia with slight white upper edge ; legs white, the end of femora 
and greater part of tibiae brown, fore coxae with orange patches ; 
abdomen orange-yellow, the ventral surface white, a lateral series 
of spots and the anal tuft black. Pore wing purplish brown 
irrorated with black ; a small antemedial yellow spot on vein 1 ; a 
large hyaline patch extending on costa from middle to near apex, 
its lower edge curved to vein 4 near termen, sinuous just beyond 
discocellulars, its outer edge irregularly sinuous and produced on 
vein 6, some black points on it on and near the veins and a larger 
point on vein 5 ; the apical area rufous and grey ; a fine curved 
subterminal white line obsolete above vein 7, the area beyond it 
blackish. Hind wing hyaline, the inner area tinged with brown, 
the apical with fuscous. 

JIab. Bolivia, Songo {Garlepp), 1 $ type. Exp. 48 millim. 



Genus XANTHOPHiEINA, nov. 

Type, X. levis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned to above vertex of liead, the first 
two joints fringed with hair in front ; antennse of male bipeetinate, the 
branches dilated at extremity ; thorax and dorsal surface of abdomen towards 
base clothed with woolly hair ; tibiae with the spurs short. Fore wing with 
vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 
10 stalked; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 4,5 
from angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

*1335. Xanthophaeina levis. 

Fhcgopiera levis, Druce, A.M.N. H. (7) iii. p. 467 (1899). 




Fig. 60. — XanthophcBina levis, (S • t* 

(^ . Head and thorax black-brown ; orange spots on 1st joint of 
palpi and just below antennae ; antennae pale, with the basal joint 
orange ; coxae orange ; tibiae and tarsi pale brown ; abdomen orange, 
with large triangular black-brown dorsal patch at base and small 
spot beyond it, the ventral surface black with lateral and sublateral 
series of orange spots. Fore wing brown with a purplish tinge ; 



XANTITOni^INA. — AMMALO. 8JJ 

three orange points on black spots at base ; a Y-shaped medial 
black band ending on vein 1, its inner arm thickened at base and 
with slight orange streaks on subcostal and median nervures, its 
outer arm curved and with slight orange streaks on the veins. 
Hind wing fuscous. 

Hah. Colombia, Popayan (Rogers), 1 c? type t in Mus. Oxon. 
Kvjp. 58 millim. 

Genus AMMALO. 

Type. 

A>nmalo. Wlk. iii. 622 (1855) helojys. 

Tanada,W\k.Yn. 1745 (1856) tenera. 

Paretichates, Grote, Proc. Eut. See. Phil. v. p. 245 (1865) insulata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head, the 
3rd joint short; antennae of male bipectinate, with rather long branches, of 
female with short branches; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; abdomen dorsally 
clothed with rough hair at base. Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of 
cell ; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 
3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
from bejond middle of cell. 

A. Fore wing with white spots below and beyond the cell ... slgnata. 

B. Fore wing without white spots. 

a. Hind wing orange tinged with crimson helops. 

b. Hind wing yellowish. 

a^. Fore wing irrorated with brown bipunctata, 

h^ . Fore wing uniform ochreous yellow insutata. 

C. Hind wing white tenera. 

J). Hind wing tinged with fuscous eglenensis.. 



*1336. Ammalo signata. (Plate XLIV. fig. 1.) 

FJysius signatus, Wlk. Trans. Ent. Soc. (3) i. p. 75 (1862) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 219. 

(S . Head and thorax orange, tinged with scarlet and slightly 
irrorated with brown ; antennae dark brown ; abdomen scarlet, with 
lateral series of black spots. Fore wing orange, tinged with scarlet 
and thickly striated with diffused rufous strice; a dark-edged tri- 
angular white spot below the cell ; dark-edged white points in end 
of cell and above vein 3, and a larger spot below vein 5. Hiud 
wing white ; the costa and termen suffused with brown, most 
widely at apex, torn us, and on veins of terminal area. 
Hah. Bbaztl, type f c? in Mus. Oxon. Exp. 42 millim. 



1337. Ainmalo helops. 

Bomhyx helops, Cram. Pap. Exot. i. pi. 72. C (1775); Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 222. 
Ammalo fervidus, Wlk. iii. 622 (1855) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 222, 
Halesidota megapyrrha, Wlk, xxxi. 308 (1864), 
Halesidota chrysogaster, Wlk. xxxi. 312 (1864); Druce. Biol. Centr.-Am., 

Het. 1. p. 91 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 222. 

g2 



84 ARCTIADJE. 

Ammalo impunc/us, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 23G (1865) ; Kirbv, 
Cat. Het. p. 222. 

Head and thorax orange-red ; 3rd joint of palpi and antennae 
black ; sides of frons, tegulee, and patagia with black points ; tibia) 
and tarsi fuscous ; abdomen orange, with dorsal black bands, the 
hair at base of dorsum tinged with scarlet. Pore wing pale brown 
mottled with darker purplish brown ; some scarlet markings at base 
and often spots in and below end of cell ; the terminal area darker 




Fig. 61. — Ammalo helo-ps, (^ . \. 

purplish brown, with irregular inner edge sometimes with sinuous 
submarginal series of scarlet spots. Hind wing orange strongly 
tinged with crimson. 

ffab. Mexico, Cordova {Hoege), 1 S , Coatepec {Brooks), 2 $ , 
Yucatan (Gaumer), 1 (^ : Guatemala {Rodriguez), 1 (5", 2 $ ; 
Costa Rica ( Van Patten, Underwood), 3 cJ' , 2 $ ; Panama (J. J. 
Walker), 1 c^* , Godman-Salvin Coll., La Chorrera {Dolby-Tglor), 
1 cT, 2$ ; Jamaica, 1 2 ; Cuba; Haiti {Tweedie), I5 ; Geenada 
(H. H. Smith), 1 c? , 1 $ ; Trinidad {Broadway), 2 d" ; Colombia, 
Bogota, 2 (S types chrysogaster and megapyrrha, 1 5 type fervidus ; 
Brazil, 1 d • ^-^y-, d 56-64, $ 70-84 millim. 

1338. Ammalo bipunctata. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 22.) 
Ealesidota hipwictata, Wlk. iii. 738 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 236. 

S . Ochreous ; head and thorax tinged with brown ; abdomen 
orange above, with dorsal and lateral series of black points. Fore 
wing strongly irrorated with brown ; a black discoidal point. Hind 
wing yellowish white. 

Hah. Amazons, Para, 1 S type. Exp. 34 millim. 

1339. Ammalo insulata. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 14.) 

Ealesidota insulata, Wlk. iii. 734 (1855); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 236. 
Pareuchceies cadaverosa, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 245 (1865); 

Druce, Biol. Oentr.-Am., Het. i. p. 93 & ii. p. 372 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 237. 



AMMALO. 85 

Parciichates affinis, Grote.Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 245 (1865) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het p. 237. 
Euchcefes aiirata^ Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 38 (1875); liirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 236. 

Orange-yellow ; palpi, lower part of frons, autennae, tibiae, and tarsi 
fuscous black ; abdomen orange above, with more or less distinct 
dorsal and lateral series of black points. Hind wing rather paler. 

Hah, U.S.A., Florida; Mexico, Jalapa {TrujUlo)^ 1 (^ ^ 1 $ , 
Atoyac (JSchumann), 1 (5 , 2 $, Orizaba {Triijillo), 1 $, Presidio 
{Forrer), 1 J, 1 $, Yucatan {Oamner), 1 ^ ; Gtuatemala {Rod- 
riguez)^ 3 S ; Costa Rica {Underwood)^ 3 $ ; Panama, Chiriqui 
{Champion)^ 1 cT , JBugaba, 1 $, Godman-Salvin Coll., La Chorrera 
(Dolby- Ty lor), 1 $ ; Jamaica (Cockerell, Martin, Gosse), 1 d" , 4 $ , 
type; Haiti (Tweedie), 2 J,l $ ; Cuba; Porto Rico; Grenada 
(H. H. Smith), 2 2 ; Colombia, Sta. Martha (Boiicard), 1 $ ; 
Venezitela, 1 2 ; Brazil, Amazons, Paraiia {Austen), 1 S -, Manaos 
(Trail), 1 S , Leopoldina, Espiritu Sto., 1 $ type aurata, Santarem 
(Bates), 1 2 5 ^io Grande do Sul, Sao Paulo {Jones), 1 (S , 1 2 • 
Exp., 6 30, 2 40 millim. 

1340. Ammalo tenera. 

Cycnia tenera, Hiibn. Ziitr. ex. Scbmett. i, p. 7, ff. 3-4 (1827) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 237. 
Hyphantria coUaris, Fitch, E,ep. Ins. N. York, iii. p. 65 (1856) ; Stretch, 

Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 188, pi. 8. f . 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 236. 
Tanada antica, Wlk, vii. 1745 (1858). 

Arctia sciurus, Boisd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xii. p. 79(1869). 
Euckcstes t/osefnite, H. Edw. Papilio, iii. p. 146 (1884); Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 237. 

White ; palpi yellow, blackish at tips ; vertex of head, tegulae, 
and shoulders orange-yellow ; tibiae and tarsi tinged with fuscous ; 
abdomen orange above, with dorsal series of black spots on white 
patches and lateral series of black points. Fore wing with slight 
greyish tinge in cell ; a yellow fascia on costa extending almost to 
apex. 

Ab. 1. sciurus. Tegulas and thorax greyish; fore wing with the 
costa yellow towards base only. 

Hah. Br. Columbia, Fraser R. {St. John), 1 cS ', U.S.A., Georgia, 
1 S type antica, Colorado, Grote Coll., 2 S , 4 $ . Exp., J 38, 
2 46 millim. 

Egg. Pack. Ann. N. Y. Ac. Sci. viii. p. 73 (1893). 

Spherical, flattened at base ; glassy and quite smooth under 
microscope. 

Larva. Young : head whitish flesh-colour ; eyes on a dusky 
patch ; body whitish, with pale brown piliferous warts ; prothoracic 
shield large, broad, with pale median suture bearing two pairs of 
warts in front and three behind ; the 2nd and 3rd thoracic somites 
with suboval dorsal warts bearing two unequal black hairs ; the 



86 AECTlADiE. 

subdorsal and lateral warts each with a shorter white spinulate hair ; 
the abdominal somites with two additional small hemispherical dorsal 
warts with single dark hair, and two piliferous warts below the 
lateral ones on the somites without prolegs ; the prolegs with dusky- 
patch on outer side; the longest hair is on 1st abdominal somite; 
the hair spinulate. 

Adult: body whitish, concealed by long silky slate-grey hair; 
the spiracles pale with a narrow black ring ; piliferous tubercles 
pale with dark points at origin of hairs. Food-plant, Apocynum 
cinclr oscemi folium. ■ 

1341. Ammalo eglenensis. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 5.) 

Euchcstes eglenensis, Clem. Proc. Acad. Sci. Pbil. 1860, p. 533 ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 236. 
Euchcetes inopinatus, H. Edw. Papilio, ii. p. 13 (1882) ; Kirbj^ Cat. Het. 

p. 236. 

(S . Yery pale brownish grey ; palpi orange at base ; vertex of 
head and patches on shoulders and fore coxse orange ; abdomen 
orange above, with dorsal and two lateral series of black spots. 
Tore wing with some yellow on base of costa. Hind wing paler, 
with the cilia white. 

Mab. U.S.A., Atlantic States, 1 J Grote Coll. Exj^. 40 millim. 

Egg. Dyar, Psyche, ^ii. p. 70 (1897). 

Eounded, flattened at base ; shining deep ochre-yellow ; reticula- 
tions fine, hexagonal ; diam. 7 millim. 

Larva. Stage 1. Body pale yellow ; warts large, black ; feet and 
shields dark ; somites 3-5 & 10 reddish ; on prothorax four setae 
on shield, one detached, two on pre-spiracular tubercle, two on sub- 
ventral tubercle ; somites 2-3 with three setae from wart i. a, b, one 
seta from ii. a, a fine one from ii. b, one from iv. and two from vi. : 
no subprimary setae on thorax ; on abdomen two setae from i., one 
from ii., two from iii., one each from iv. & v., two from leg-plate; 
the subprimary tubercle vi. present on somites 4-5, 10-11 without 
setae ; vii., viii. present on apodal somites ; on somite 12 the sub- 
dorsal tubercle with four setae ; lobes of head black ; clypeus 
whitish. 

Stages 2-4. Like the adult, but hair-tufts shorter and smaller, 
only the dorsal ones (i.-iii.) with plumed hair. 

Stage 5. Head reddish orange, paler in sutures ; ocelli dusky ; 
body orange-red: warts small, black, the hair-tufts of short spinulate 
and plumose hairs, those from warts i. & ii. on somites 2 and 3 
longer ; hair sordid silvery grey ; leg-plates blackish ; tubercles i. to vi. 
normal, iv. slightly smaller than v. ; four warts on somites 2 and 3 ; 
cervical shield and anal plate reduced and represented each by four 
small warts ; somite 1 retracted, reduced. 



HJEMANOTA. GLATJCOSTOLA. 



87 



Genus HiEMANOTA, nov. 

Type, H. ruhriceps. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned to above vertex of head ; antennae 
of male ciliated ; tibias with the spurs short ; build slender. Fore wing narrow; 
vein 2 from towards angle of cell ; 3, 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked; 10, 11 free. Hind wing with vein 2 from towards angle of 
cell ; 3, 5 from angle ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 strongly stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 

1342. HaBmanota rubriceps, n. sp. 

S . Slate-grey ; vertex of head and thorax except metabhorax 
scarlet. " 




Fig. 62. — Hamanota ruhriceps, (^ . \. 
Hah. Brazil, Espiritu Santo, 1 S type. Exp. 30 millim. 

Genus GLATJCOSTOLA, nov. 

Type, G. guttipalpis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, hardly reaching vertex of head ; 
antennae bipectinate with short branches in both sexes ; tibiae with the spurs 
moderate. Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ; 6 from upper 
angle; 7, 8,9 stalked; 10, 11 free; male with an elongate fovea below the 
cell containing a large brush of hair covered by the greatly lobed costa of hind 
wing which is truncate at apex. Hind wing with veins 3-5 from angle of cell, 
4 absent; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell, much curved in male. 

1343. Glaucostola guttipalpis. 

Leucopsumis guttipalpis, Wlk. vii. 1649 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 180. 
Cratoplastis romula, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xv. p. 45 (1895) ; id. Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 356. 




Fig. 63. — Glaucostola guttipalpis, (^ . 



c? . Head fulvous orange ; palpi banded with black ; antennae black ; 
thorax greyish fuscous ; tegulae with white patches, the tegulas and 



88 ARCXIAD2E. 

patagia with whitish edges ; legs streaked with white ; ahdomen grey, 
with subdorsal bluish-black fasciae, the extremity orange. Fore 
wing greyish fuscous tinged with blue ; an oblique elliptical white 
spot beyond the cell between veins 7 and 3 ; the veins with slight 
pale streaks. Hind wing black shot with blue; a white fascia 
from base extending from cell to vein 1 and to near termen. 

2 . Fore wing with the spot beyond the cell rather more elongate 
and curved ; hind wing with the fascia narrower. 

Hab. Costa Rica ( Underwood), 1 ^ type romula, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Brazil, type f $ in Coll. Saunders. E.v^., d 38, $ 40 
millim. 

Genus HYPERTH.ffi]VEA, nov. 

Type, H. savguineata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching yertex of head ; 
antennae of male bipectinate, of female ciliated ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; 
abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair towards base. Fore wing with vein 
3 from close to angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from 
cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 6 stalked ; 8 from 
middle of cell ; male with a fold on inner area on underside containing a tuft 
of long hair. 

Sect, I. Fore wing with veins 4, 5 stalked, in female very shortly ; hind wing 
with veins 6, 7 stalked. 

1344. Hyperthaema sanguineata. 

Halesidota sanguineata, Wlk. xxxi. 309 (1864); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 219. 
Elysius cardinalis, Staud. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxv. p. 123 (1875). 
JS^eritos orbicularis, Mssn. Stubel's Reisen S. Amer., Lep. pp. 32, 131, pi. 4. 
f. 17 (1890) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 219. 




Fig. 64. — HyperthcBma sanguineata, c? . |. 

S . Crimson ; antennae, tibise, and tarsi brown, the latter with 
white points at base ; abdomen with two lateral series of black spots. 
Fore wing with black-edged white antemedial spot below the cell, 
its outer side angled; a black- edged white spot beyond the cell. 
Hind wing white ; the costal area black, expanding into a patch in 
end of cell ; the termen black, emitting slight streaks on the veins 
and expanding towards tornus, the base of inner area tinged with 
crimson. 

$ . Head, thorax, and fore wing deeper red, the last with the 



HYPERTH^MA. — OCHRODOTA. 89 

two white spots reduced ; hind wing with the white reduced to a 
streak in and below lower part of cell. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota (Stevens), 1 $ type ; Ecuador, Paramba 
(EosenstocJc), 1 c? ; Peru. Ex^., cS 52, $ 56 millim. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with veins 4, 5, hind wing with veins 0, 7 from cell. 

A. Fore wing crimson-red hcsmacta. 

B. Fore wing rufous striated with dark brown albipuncta. 

*1345. Hyperthaema haemacta. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 16.) 

Hyperthcema hcBmada, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 265 (1901). 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen crimson ; tibiae and tarsi brown ; 
tegulse with black points ; abdomen with two lateral series of black 
points. Fore wing crimson-red, tinged with brown towards termen ; 
small round black-edged white spots below middle of cell and beyond 
discocellulars. Hind wing brown, with slight whitish streak on 
median nervure and point bej^ond discocellulars. Underside 
brown. 

$ . Fore wing with the spots smaller ; hind wing without the 
white markings. 

Hah. Costa Eica, 1 S , 1 ^ type f in CoU. Schaus. Exp. 
40 millim. 

1346. Hyperthaema albipuncta. 

HyperthcBma albipuncta, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 265 (1901). 

$ . Head and thorax rufous irrorated with dark brown ; palpi and 

metathorax tinged with crimson • antennae, tibiae, and tarsi brown ; 

abdomen pale crimson, with 
lateral series of brown points. 
Pore wing rufous, irrorated 
and striated with brown ; a 
black-edged white spot below 
middle of cell with some 
points above and below it ; 
a black point with whitish 

Fig. ^^.—HyperthcBma albipuncta, $ . \. centre beyond the ceil above 

vein 4 ; cilia white at tips. 

Hind wing fuscous brown ; the cilia white. 

Hah. Brazil, Sao Paulo, type t $ in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 

36 millim. 

Genus OCHRODOTA, nov. 

Type, 0. pronapides. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head ; antennae 
of female with short branches dilated at extremity and ending in a bristle ; 
tibia) with the spurs moderate ; abdomen dorsally clothed with long hair at 
base. Fore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 
from below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from angle of cell ; 4, 5 stalked ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 absent. 




90 ARCTIAD.1]. 

1347. Ochrodota pronapides. 

Zatrepkes pronapides, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xiii. p. 173 (1894) ; id. Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 370, pi. 74. f. 3. 

5 . Head and thorax reddish brown, the vertex of head and 
tegulae yellowish white ; legs banded, yellow and brown ; abdomen 
orange-yellow. Fore wing reddish brown ; the basal area with 
numerous somewhat lunulate yellowish-white spots between the 
costa and vein 1, forming a basal patch conjoined below the cell to 
a curved antemedial band ; small spots above base and middle of 




Fig. 66. — Ochrodota pronapides, ^ . \. 

vein 2 ; a patch on apical part of costal area formed by two series 
of small spots with brown-irrorated patches between and beyond 
them. Hind wing orange-yellow ; a fuscous apical patch, inter- 
rupted subterminal line, and some spots on termen towards apex. 

Hah. Panama {Champion), 1 $ type, Godman-Salvia Coll. 
Exp. 34 millim. 

Genus TESSELLARCTIA, nov. 

Type, T. semivaria. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head ; 
antennge of male bipectinate, with short branches ; tibiae with the spurs short ; 
abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair towards base. Fore wing with vein 
3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 
stalked ; 10, 11 free. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 from 
just above angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 not reaching costa. 

Sect. I. Hind wing with the termen somewhat angled at veins 3 and 1 b ; 
antenna of female pectinate. 

1348. Tessellarctia semivaria. 

Halesidota semivaria, Wlk. vii. 1707 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 

5 . Brown ; palpi and base of antennae banded with yellowish 
white and crimson : frons with yellowish and crimson band ; vertex 
of head with two yellowish spots ; tegulae with yellowish medial and 
lateral spots ; patagia mostly yellowish, irrorated with crimson ; legs 
banded with yellowish ; fore coxae and femora tinged with crimson ; 
abdomen crimson above, with black dorsal bands ; the ventral surface 
yellowish, with lateral and ventral series of black spots. Fore wing 



I 
I 



TESSELLARCTIA. 



91 



with basal patch formed by about ten yellowish spots angled in cell ; 
a triangular patch of some seven spots from middle of costa to 




Fig. G7. — Tessellarctia semivaria, $. \. 

median nervure ; two discoidal points ; postmedial and subterminal 
series of four or five irregular spots from costa on an apical yellow 
patch ; medial, two postmedial, and a subterminal series of blackish 
spots from the yellow spots to inner margin. Hind wing rather 
more fuscous brown, with some j'^ellowish at base and five points 
beyond the cell ; cilia yellowish from vein 4 to submedian fold ; 
underside with basal and medial yellowish patches on costa and a 
point in cell. 

(S . Hind wing yellowish white, with some brown on inner area 
and termen and sHght streaks on the veins below apex. 

Hab. Brazil, type in Mus. Oxon., 8ta. Catherina, Rio Grande do 
Sul, N. Friburgo, Castro Parana, 1 S • Exp. 44 millim. 



Sect. il. Hind wing with the termen not angled at middle. 

A. Abdomen crimson 

B. Abdomen yellow 



ursi7ia. 
cinerascens. 



1349. Tessellarctia ursina. 

PhcBgoptera ursina, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 281 ; id. Am. Lep. pi. 
f. 15. 




Fig. 68. — Tessellarctia ursina, (^ , 



Head and thorax dirty white ; palpi brown, banded with orange- 
red ; antennae and patches on vertex of head and tegulae brown ; 
patagia with small brown spots ; metathorax brown ; legs banded 
with black ; fore legs scarlet above ; abdomen scarlet, with dorsal 



92 



ARCTIAD^. 



and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface white. Fore 
wing red-brown ; a yellowish-white patch at base conjoined below 
the cell to a curved band from costa and produced on inner margin ; 
an antemedial spot on costa, usually with a point below it in cell 
and often a point below vein 1 ; a medial spot on costa usually 
present ; a discoidal lunule, sometimes red, with a spot beyond it 
and one above it on costa ; a subterminal series of irregular spots 
between vein 7 and subraedian fold ; a terminal series of short 
streaks on the veins. Hind wing brown, with whitish marks in and 
beyond cell and a slight red mark at base of inner margin ; a series 
of white points on the cilia ; underside with white basal and post- 
medial patches on costal area. 

Hah, Beazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 (S . Exp., S 47, $ 62 millim. Type f 
in Coll. Schaus. 

1350. Tessellarctia cinerascens. (Plate XXXYII. fig. 9.) 

Hale»idota cinerascens, Wlk. iii. 742 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 

$ . Head and thorax white, palpi marked with fuscous at sides,, 
branches of antennse black, back of head yellowish with two short 
fuscous streaks ; tegulae with slight fuscous band^ patagia and legs 
streaked with fuscous; abdomen orange, with conjoined dorsal 
fuscous diamond-shaped marks on basal segments, the terminal 
segments with points and segmental lines, the ventral surface white 
with black segmental lines and yellow sublateral spots. Pore wing 
white ; a subbasal black point below the cell ; an antemedial dentate 
fuscous line, strong and oblique to median nervure, then inwardly 
oblique and obsolescent ; an oblique bar across end of cell with 
slight streak on costa above it, and obsolescent oblique band from 
it to inner margin ; postmedial spots on costa and above vein 5 
with traces of an oblique series from it to inner margin ; a sub- 
terminal series of spots, the four towards costa and one above inner 
margin rather <-shaped, the spots above veins 2 and 3 larger and 
those above veins 2, 4, 6 placed nearer the termen; a terminal series 
of spots. Hind wing fuscous, with wedge-shaped white spot below 
costa towards apex ; the underside with whitish marks in the 
interspaces. 

Hah. Brazil, Eio Janeiro, ] $ type, Petropolis. Eoop. 60 millim. 

Genus PACHYDOTA, nov. 

Type, P. iodea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head; antennae 
of" male bipectiuate with moderate branches, of female with short branches ; 
tibiae with the spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair towards 
base, jj'ore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from 
upper angle or shortly stalked with 7, 8, 9 ; 10, 11 stalked. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from angle of cell ; 4, 5 shortly stalked ; 6, 7 from upper angle or shortly 
stalked : 8 from near end of cell. 



PACHYDOTA. 93 

A. Fore wing grey-purple. 

a. Abdomen orange at base, 

a}. Abdomen without black dorsal bands iodea. 

b^. Abdomen with black dorsal bands saduca. 

h. Abdomen black at base albiceps, 

B. Fore wing orange. 

a. Abdomen with dorsal black patch striata. 

h. Abdomen without dorsal black patch nervosa. 

1351. Pachydota iodea. 

Fhegoptera iodea, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f, 432 (1855); Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 207. 
Pseudapistosia sadiica, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 381 (part.) 

Head and thorax black ; vertex of head white ; coxae orange ; 
abdomen orange, with dorsal series of black patches from 2nd 
segment diminishing to extremity, a lateral series of spots, the 




Fig. QQ.—Fachydota i 



ventral surface black. Fore wing grey-purple ; oblique olive-brown 
subbasal and antemedial bands : an oblique postmedial band ex- 
panding into a large discoidal patch and conjoined beyond end oF 
cell to a band from vein 5 to inner margin ; a wedge-shaped band 
from costa before apex to below vein 4 ; an apical patch with a 
sinuous line from it to vein 3 ; a curved mark above tornus. Hind 
wing brown, the area in, below, and just beyond the cell semi- 
hyaline, the inner area orange. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo), 1 $, Godman-Salvin Coll.; 
Jamaica (Martin)^ 1 J , 1 $ . Kvp. 62 millim. 

1352. Pachydota saduca. 

Pseudapistosia saduca, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xv. p. 46 (1895), § ; id. Biol, 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 381, pi. 76. f. 2. 

2 . H(}ad and thorax black ; vertex of head white ; coxae orange ; 
abdomen orange with black bands, the hair on dorsum from 2nd to 
4th segment black, the ventral surface black. Fore wing greyish 
purple ; subbasal and antemedial oblique olive-brown bands ; two 
postmedial bands conjoined at lower end of cell, where the 2nd is 
angled outwards ; a sinuous band from costa before apex to tornus, 
excurved at middle and expanding at costa and tornus ; a terminal 



94 ARCTIAD.!). 

patch from apex to vein 3. Hind wing fuscous black, with the 
cell and the area just below and beyond it whitish ; a little orange 
at base of inner margin. 

Hah. Costa ^iqk {Underwood)^ 2 $ type, Godman-Salvin Coll.; 
Colombia, R. Dagua ; Bolivia, E. Suapi. Ea^p. 62 millim. 



1353. Pachydota albiceps. 

Eucerea albkeps, Wlk. vii. 1640 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 199. 
Fseudapistosia saduca, Dnice, A. M. N. H. (6) xv. p. 46 (1895), J ; id. 
Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 381, pi. 76. f. 1. 

Head and thorax black ; vertex of head white ; coxae orange ; 
abdomen orange with black segmental lines, an orange point at 
base, the hair on dorsum of first three segments black. Fore 
wing greyish purple ; oblique olive-brown subbasal and antemedial 
bands ; an oblique postmedial band conjoined at lower end of cell 
to a band from vein 5 to inner margin ; a sinuous subterminal band 
from costa to termen above tornus, expanding towards costa. Hind 
wing fuscous brown ; the interspaces in, below, and beyond the 
cell semihyaline white. 

Ab. 1. "Vertex of head yellowish. — St. Lucia. 

Hah. Costa Rica (ZarcJier), 1 J , type saduca, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Panama, Chiriqui ; St. Lucia, 2 <5 , 1 $ ; Ve^^ezuela, Aroa ; 
Surinam ; Brazil, Kio Janeiro. Exp. 52 millim. 



1354. Pachydota striata. 

Lophocampa striata, Pognin, Ann. See. Ent. Eelge, xxxvii. p. 424 (1893) ; 
id. Lep. Loja, pi. 11. f. 1. 

S . Orange-yellow ; antennae black ; legs streaked with black ; 
abdomen dull black above except 1st and terminal segments, the 
ventral surface with some black at base, the last four segments tinged 
with black. Fore wing with yellowish-white fascia extending on 
costa to beyond middle and above inner margin to middle ; the 
veins, except discocellulars and subcostals towards apex, black ; 
black streaks on basal half of costa and in and below cell. Hind 
wing with the veins of terminal area blackish ; a blackish patch at 
tornus. Underside of both wings with the veins black ; vein 8 from 
near angle of cell. 

. Hah. Colombia ; Venezuela, Merida ; Ecuador, Loja, 1 $ . Exp. 
62 millim. Type t in Coll. Dognin. 

1355. Pachydota nervosa. 

Lophocam'pa nervosa, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 101. f. 6 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 207. 

$ . Orange ; antennae black ; tibiae and tarsi striped with black. 
Fore wing with the base yellowish white, extending on costa to 
middle and on vein 1 to near middle ; the veins, cell, and sub- 



PACHTDOTA. — CAEATHIS. 05 

median fold streaked with black, except the veins enclosing end of 
cell and subcostal veins. 

S . Abdomen with some black at base on ventral surface ; hind 
win^ -with the inner margin fringed with dark brown hair. 

Ilab, Colombia, Bogota ; Venezuela, Merida ; Ecuador, St. Inez 
{Buckley)^ 1 $ , Loja. Exp. 64 millim. 



Genus CARATHIS. 

Type. 

Carathis, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 253 (1865) gortynoides. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head ; antennaj 
of male bipectinate with moderate branches, of female with short branches ; 
tibia with the spurs moderate ; thorax and abdomen at base dorsally clothed 
with rough hair. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 
from angle; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 stalked. Hind wing with vein 3 from near 
angle of cell ; 4, 5 very shortly stalked ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 absent. 

A . Hind wing yellow palpalis. 

B. Hind wing fuscous. 

a. Tegulai with white spots hyhlis. 

b. Tegulse without white spots gortynoides. 

1356. Carathis palpalis. (Plate XXXYII. fig. 12.) 

Halesidota paljpalis, Wlk. iii. 735 (1855); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 218. 

(5 . Black-brown ; palpi banded with yellow ; vertex of head 
white with brown point, tegulee and patagia with white patches ; 
pectus, legs, and abdomen orange-yellow ; tibiae and tarsi brown, the 
tibiae with white bands. Eore wing with white patch at base from 
costa to submedian fold formed by white spots and crossed by a 
narrow waved yellow band defined by brown lines ; medial waved 
yellow spots on costa and inner margin, with larger white spots on 
each side of them ; a patch on terminal area from costa to vein 2 
formed of small white spots with yellowish spots between them, 
defined by fine brown lines and leaving a brown spot on termen 
between veins 5 and 6. Hind wing orange-yellow. 

Hah. Jamaica (Gosse), 4 cS type. Exp. 46 millim. 



*1357. Carathis byblis. 

Ameles byblis, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 279 ; id. Am. Lep. pi. ii. f. 2. 

(^ . Sepia-brown ; upper part of frons and vertex of head, large 
medial and lateral spots on tegulse, the outer part of patagia, and 
a spot on mesothorax yellowish white ; pectus and legs pale orange- 
yellow, the latter banded with brown ; abdomen dorsally blackish, 
laterally orange somewhat intersecting the black area, ventrally 
yellowish white ; lateral and sublateral series of black spots, ventral 
black points on two subterminal segments. Fore wing with a basal 
patch formed by nine or ten yellowish-white spots, its outer edge 
excurved at middle and followed by a point in cell ; two medial 




96 AECTIADiE. 

pairs of spots below costa with an orange point betweeo them, and 
a pair of spots on inner margin with an orange striga between 
them ; a patch of irregular spots on terminal area from just below 
costa to vein 2 formed by some rounded spots, followed by two 
irregular marks with a rouDd spot between them, then some irregular 
spots and a terminal series of points except above vein 5. Hind 
wing blackish, yellowish at base. 

Hah. Brazil, Eio Janeiro, type t 6 in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 
40 millim. 

1358. Carathis gortynoides. 

Carathis gortynoides, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p, 253, pi. iv, f. 8 
(1865) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 565. 

6 . Dark red-brown ; a white line across vertex of head and 

two spots on back of head ; 
patagia with large white 
spots; abdomen paler below. 
Fore wing with cluster of 
whitish spots on basal costal 
area with yellow spots be- 
tween them ; two spots on 
middle of costa with yellow 
Fig. 70.— Carathis gortynoides, (^ . \. spot between them ; a yel- 
low spot on middle of inner 
margin ; a subterminal series of spots from costa to vein 2, with 
other spots inside the medial part of series. Hind wing fuscous 
brown. 

Hah. Cuba, 1 S • Exp. 36 millim. Type in Mus. Philadelphia. 



Genus NEOZATREPHES. 

Type. 

Neozatrephes, Druce, P. Z, S. 1893, p. 286 ieledlla. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned and not reaching vertex of head, 
the 3rd joint short ; antennse of male bipectinate, with short branches ; tibiai 
with the spurs short ; abdomen clothed with rough hair towards base. Fore 
wing rather long and narrow, the costa slightly dilated just beyond middle ; the 
cell with the lower extremity very short, the upper produced ; vein 2 from 
towards angle, 3 from before angle ; 5 above angle ; 6 from below upper 
angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 shortly stalked from well before angle. Hind 
wing with veins 3 and 5 from angle of cell ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 from close to end of cell. 



*13.59. Neozatrephes telesiUa. 

Neozatrephes telesUla, Druce, P. Z. S. 1893, p. 287, pi. 19. f. 5. 

(S . Head and thorax orange and brown ; fore legs banded with 
brown and tinged with crimson in front ; abdomen orange-red. 
Fore wing thinly scaled and semihyaline except the basal and 
costal areas ; the ground-colour orange-yellow, with series of obscure 
scarlet spots; six rather broad brown bands with irregularly waved 



NEOZATREPHES. DIALEUCIA3. 



edges, the 1st very obscure, the 4th and 5th angled below costa, tho 
6th terminal with a silvery white line on it. Hind wing semihyu- 
line yellowish. 




Fig. 71. — Neozatrephes telesilla, (^ . \. 

Hah. Ecuador, Sarayacu (5itcH^?f), 1 S type fin Coll. Druce. 
Ei^jp.. 44 millim. 

Genus NEZULA. 

Type. 
Nezula, Schaus, J. N. Y. Eat. Soc. iv. p. 137 (1896) grisea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, slender, reaching above vertex of 
head ; antennjeof male minutely serrate, ciliated and with long bristles ; hind 
tibijB vrith the medial spurs absent. Fore wing long and narrow, especially in 
male ; vein 2 from middle of cell, curved at base ; 3, 4, 5 from angle ; 4, 5 
approximated for some distance; 6 from upper angle ; 7. 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 
stalked. Hind wing with the inner area greatly dilated and the tornus lobed 
in male ; vein 2 from towards angle of cell ; 3 and 5 on a long stalk, 4 absent ; 
6, 7 coincident in male, stalked in female ; 8 from middle of cell. 

1360. Nezula grisea. 

Nezula grisea, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 137 (1896). 
Grey-brown; palpi at base, head, and basal joint of antennae 




Fig. 72. — Nezula grisea, S . \. 

with a slightbluish tinge, and a 



Exp., S 34, $ 36 



orange-yellow. Hind wing 
semihy aline streak below the cell. 

Hah. Venezuela, Aroa, 1 S ; Surinam. 
millim. Type f in Coll. Schaus. 

Genus DIALEUCIAS, nov. 

Type, D. pallidistriata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head, the Srd 
joint short; antennas of male serrate and fasciculate; tibias with the spurs 
short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. Fore wing with 
VOL. III. H 



98 



AKCTIADiE. 



Tein 2 from towards angle of cell, 3 from close to an^le ; 4, 5 from angle; 
() from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 stalked. Hind wing with veins 
3 and 5 from angle of cell, 4 absent ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 

1361. Dialeucias pallidistriata, u. sp. 

(5 . Pale brown ; palpi orange ; the 3rd joint black ; vertex of 
head with two orange spots ; coxae orange ; abdomen dorsally 
tinged with fuscous, the extremity and ventral surface yellow. 




Fig. 73. — Dialeucias pallidistriata, (^ . \. 

Pore wing somewhat reddish brown, the veins, cell, and submedian 
fold with prominent pale streaks ; faint traces of pale shades from 
costa beyond middle to middle of inner margin and termen above 
tornns. 

Mab. Amazons, Olivencas (MicheUi)^ 1 c? type. Exp. 34 millim. 



Genus SYNTARCTIA, nov. 

Type, S. testacea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head ; 
antennae of male bipectinate, of female serrate and fasciculate ; tibiae with 
the spurs moderate; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. 
Fore wing moderately broad; veins 3, 4, 6 from angle of cell; 6 shortly 
stalked with 7, 8, 9 ; 10, 11 stalked, and very shortly stalked with 7, 8, 9, 
sometimes from cell in female. Hind wing with the cell long ; vein 2 from 
long before angle ; 3 from angle ; 4, 5 stalked ; 6, 7 shortly stalked ; 8 present 
as an oblique spur not reachmg costa. 

1 362. Syntarctia testacea. 

Ilalisidota testacea, Moschl. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxvii. p. 668, 

pi. 9. f. 32 (1877) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 
Hahsidota oenone, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1878, p. 60, pi. 3. f. 3 (1878); 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 



Yery pale brownish ochreous. 




Fig. 74. — Syntarctia testacea, (^ . 



Fore wing with about seven 
minutely and rather irregu- 
larly dentate fuscous Hues ; 
the two medial lines run- 
ning close together below 
the angle of cell ; two black 
points on discocellulars ; 
the two, subterminal lines 
angled inwards above vein 
5 ; a series of somewhat 



SYNTARCTIA. BARITIUS. 99 

diamond-shaped marl's just inside termen, with black points on the 
two below apex. Hind wing yellowish semihyaline. 

Hah. Surinam, typef $ in Coll. Staudinger ; Amazons, E,. Juriia, 
R. Pnrus ( J'rai'Z), 2 c?, 2$, type cenone, Lr. Amazons {Austen), 
1 J , 1 $ . Kvp., d 30, 2 34 millim. 

Genus BARITIUS. 

Type. 

Baritiiis, Wlk. iii. 712 (1855) discalis. 

Thysanoprymna, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xv. p. 400 (1875) pyrrhopyga. 

PscitdeJicereon, Moschl. Verb, zool.-bot. Gres. Wien, xxvii. 

p. 652 (1877) eleuthera. 

Graphea, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 232 marmorea. 

Proboscis moderately developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of 
head ; antennae bipectinate, with moderate brancbes ; tibise with the spurs 
moderate ; abdomen dorsallj clothed with long hair at base. Fore wing with 
vein 3 from long before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from below or from 
upper angle; 7, 8, 9 stalked; 10, 11 stalked. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
angle of cell ; 4, 5 stalked ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from close to angle of cell 
or absent. 

Sect. I. Hind femora of male with tuft of long hair from base above : hind 
wing with fold on inner area containing rough scales on underside ; 
vein 8 from near end of cell. 

1363. Baritius "brunnea, n. sp. 

(^ . Dull brown; palpi yellow in front; coxae and femora above 
j^ellow; abdomen fuscous, the extremity and ventral surface yellow. 
Fore wing with obscure oblique dark antemedial band, medial band 




Fig. 75. — Baritius brunnea, (^ . \. 

from cell to inner margin, discoidal lunule, and postmedial band 
excurved between veins 5 and 3, then retracted to lower angle of 
cell and sinuous to inner margin. Hind wing with the rough scales 
in fold orange. 

Hah. Amazons, R. Jurua, 1 6 type, Rio Grande do Sul, 1 S . 
Eay. 32 millim. 

Sect. II. Male with the hind legs and hind wing normal. 

A. Abdomen black. 

a. Abdomen with the last two segments scarlet pyrrhopyga. 

b. Abdomen with scarlet bands on last four segments and 

lateral spots on 2nd and Srd superba. 

h2 



100 ARCTIADJE. 

B, Abdomen yellow, tinged with crimson aboTe. 

a. Fore wing with large grey patch on terminal half of 

inner area marmorea. 

b. Fore wing with triangular brown patch from vein 3 to 

tor nus discalis. 

c. Fore wing without patch at tornus eleuthera. 

1364. Baritius pyrrhopyga. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 11.) 

Encerea pyrrhopr/ga, Wlk. xxxi. 105 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 203. 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen black ; throat and fore coxoe 
scarlet ; abdomen with the two terminal segments scarlet, the 
anal tuft orange. Fore wing purplish fuscous black ; traces of an 
oblique antemedial line below the cell and of a curved postmedial 
line; a diffused diseoidal black patch. Hind wing hyaline, the 
veins, costa, and terminal area black, the last with irregularly 
dentate inner edge. 

Hah. Brazil, 1 S type. Exp. 48 millim. 

1365. Baritius superba. 

Aclytia superha, Schaus, Ent. Am. v. p. 89 (1889) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.- 

Am., Het. ii. p. 365, pi. 73. f. 19 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 160. 
Thysanopryynna cepiana, Druce, P. Z. S. 1893, p. 287. 

c^ . Head and thorax black ; throat and coxae scarlet ; abdomen 
scarlet, with black segmental lines and dorsal patch at base ex- 
tending to third segment, the anal tuft orange, the ventral surface 
black. Fore wing leaden black, with traces of oblique line from 




Fig. 76. — Baritius superha, (^ . \. 

origin of vein 2 to inner margin, and of a postmedial line angled 
outward to below apex, then incurved to below end of cell and 
inner margin. Hind wing hyaline, the veins, costal, and terminal 
areas black, the last with irregular inner edge. 

Hah. Mexico, Coatepec, Jalapa, Vera Cruz ; Costa Eica, Can- 
delaria Mts. {Underwood), 1 J, Godman-Salvin Coll.; Pai^ama, 
Chiriqui {Ti'otsch) ; Venezuela, type t cepiana in Coll. Druce. 
Exp. 50 millim. Type t in Coll. Schaus. 

1366. Baritius marmorea. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 8.) 
Graphea marmorea, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 232. 
$ . Head, tegulse, and patagia orange-yellow, the last two edged 



BARITIUS* 101 

with brown, and the tegiilae with black points ; pali)i brown, orange 
at base and with crimson points at sides ; antennai brown ; thorax 
blackish ; legs orange tinged with crimson and banded with brown; 
abdomen yellow, dorsally crimson except at extremity. Fore wing 
orange-yellow, with numerous ill-defined brown annulate bands 
with irregular crimson centres ; an antemedial more prominent 
band eiged by brown lines ; a black discoidal lunule, with brownish 
mark on costa above it; the terminal area from apex to inner 
margin at antemedial band brown striated with lilacine white, with 
'A large postmedial patch from vein 3 to inner margin connected by 
streaks with the subtermiual liue, which is dilated into a spot 
below costa and is excurved between veins 7 and 3. Hind wing 
semihyaline yellowish, the veins, a terminal line, and the inner 
area crimson ; vein 8 from close to angle of celL 

Hab. Panama, Chiriqui, 1 $ ; Venezuela, Aroa, type t $ in 
Coll. Schaus ; Brazil, Kio Grande do Sul. Exjp. 50 millira. 

1367. Baritius discalis. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 25.) 
Barltius dismlls, Wlk. iii. 71 3 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het p. 196. 

$ . Orange ; head and tegulse yellow, the palpi in front and 
antennae brown, tegulas edged with dark brown ; abdomen suffused 
with crimson above. Fore wing with maculate yellow subbasal, 
antemedial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal bands edged with 
line waved brown lines, the spots with orange centres, the ante- 
medial band with stronger outer edging; a maculate band from 
costa to median nervure before the medial band, which has two 
small spots beyond it at angles of cell and its spot above vein 2 
displaced outwards, the postmedial and subterminal bands bent 
outwards at vein 5 ; a dark-brown patch from vein 3 to tornus and 
a subterminal spot above vein 5 ; a terminal series of dark-edged 
lunules ; cilia chequered brown and orange. Hind wing strongly 
suffused with crimson, the cilia yellow. 

Hah. Brazil, Eio Janeiro, 1 $ type. Exp. 50 millim. 

1368. Baritius eleuthera. 

Bomhyx eleutkera, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 371. A (17S1) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 201. 

(S . Pale yellow ; head and thorax mixed with brown ; abdomen 
suffused with crimson above. Fore wing irrorated with brown, 
with numerous brown-edged whitish lunulate and rounded spots ; 
an indistinct antemedial series with obscure brownish band beyond 
it forking towards costa ; a curved medial series with spot before 
it above vein 1 ; postmedial and subterminal series, the former bent 
out to tornus, and the latter to termen above tornus ; an oblique 
brownish band from costa beyond middle to termen above tornus; 
a dark subterminal spot above vein 5 ; a waved terminal line and 
series of brown spots on cilia. Hind wing with the submedian 
area and termen suffused with pale pink ; vein 8 absent. 



102 AECTIADiE. 

Hah. Surinam ; Ecuador (Buclley) ; Bolivia, R. Songo (Gar- 
lepp), 2 (S. E.vp. 34 millim. 



Genus TRICYPHA. 

Type. 

Tricypha, Moschl. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxvii. p, fi54 

(1877) furcata. 

Mcenoleneura, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1878, p. 56 furcata. 

Bomanoffia, Heyl. C.E, Soc. Ent. Beige, xxviii, p. xciv (1884) ... imperialis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching vertex of 
head, the 3rd moderate ; antenna of male with moderate branches, of female 
with short branches ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; abdomen dorsally clothed 
with rough hair at base. Fore wing of female with vein 3 from before angle 
of cell; 4, 5 shortly stalked; 6 from below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 
11 free; male with a large semicircular patch of thinly-scaled membrane in 
and beyond the cell, the neuration greatly distorted ; veins 3, 4 from angle of 
cell ; 5 from above angle, anastomosing just before termen with 6 which is 
strongly downcurved to meet it ; 7 from 6 ; 8, 9 stalked from 6 ; 10 from 
angle of cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 4, 6 shortlj 
stalked ; 6, 7 coincident ; 8 from towards end of cell, 

A. Abdomen orange below imperialis. 

B. Abdomen grej -brown below furcata. 

1369. Tricypha imperialis. 

Eomanoffia imperialis, Heyl. O.R. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxviii. p. xcv (1884) ; 

id. Kom. Mem. ii. p. 173, pi. 9. f. 1 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 877. 
Manoleneura anomala, Druce, Biol. Centr,-Am., Het. i. p. 13G, & ii. p. 402, 

nee Butl. 

S . Pale grey-brown ; basal joint of palpi, back of head, throat, 
pectus, and coxae orange ; abdomen orange, the dorsal surface grey- 
hrown, reduced to spots on terminal segments ending with the sub- 
terminal one, lateral and ventral series of dark points. Fore wing 




6 

Fig. 77. — Tricypha imperialis, (^ . \. 

with obscure darker brown antemedial, medial, postmedial, and 
subterminal bands from the thinly-scaled area to inner margin. 

$ . Fore wing with the bands extending to subscostal nervure. 

Hah. Mexico, Coatepec (Brooks), 1 J; Panama, Chiriqui, 1 J, 
Bugaba (Chamjnon), 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll.; Amazons, gan- 
tarem, Rio Negro, Thomar. Eo'j)., S 38, $ 44 millim. 



TRICYPHA. — PELOCHYTA. 103 

1370. Tricypha furcata. 

Tricypha furcata, Moschl. Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxvii. p. 655, pi. 9. 

f. 23 (1S77) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 319. 
M(snoleneura anomala, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1878, p. 57 ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 319. 

Grey-brown ; 1st joint of palpi, back of head, throat, and coxos 
orange ; abdomen with lateral orange stripes expanding dorsally 
and reducing the grey-brown to spots on terminal segments. Fore 
wing with obscure dark-brown waved antemedial, medial, post- 
medial, and subterminal bands interrupted at the thinly-scaled area. 
$ . Fore wing with the bands extending to subcostal nervure. 

Hah. Suetnam; Amazons, Eio Purus (Trail), 1 d", 1 $, type 
anomala. Exp. 36 millim. 

Genus PELOCHYTA. 

Type. 

Felochyta, Hiibn. Verz. p. 172 (1827) arontes. 

Sontia, Wlk. vii. 1641 (1856) arontes. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head, the 
3rd joint well developed ; antenna; of male bipectinate with moderate branches, 
of female with short branches ; tibias veith the spurs moderate ; abdomen 
dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from before 
angle of cell; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 
free. Hind wing with vein 3 from angle of cell ; 4, 5 shortly slalked ; 6, 7 
from upper angle; 8 from beyond middle of cell. 

A. Abdomen crimson, with black bands nigrescens. 

P. Abdomen orange or yellowish, with black bands. 

a. Head and tegulae orange. 

a^. Frons with pair of black points. 

a^. Fore wing with the veins streaked with black cervina. 

b^. Fore wing with the veins not streaked with black ... cinerea. 

b^. Frons without pair of black points arjntes. 

b. Head and thorax dark brown umbrata. 

1371. Pelochyta nigrescens. 

Eucereon nigrescens, Dognin, Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. Ix. p. clxxv (1891) ; id. 
Lep. Loja, pi. 8. f. 7 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 905. 

S . Dark brown ; vertex of head with two crimson spots ; neck 
with broad crimson ring except above ; metathorax with crimson 
patch ; abdomen crimson above, with triangular brown dorsal 
patch on basal segment reduced to spots on terminal, the ventral 
surface brown. Fore wing with the area in and below middle of 
cell thinly scaled. Hind wing with the interspaces thinly scaled 
except towards termen. 

Bah. Ecuador, Loja, type f in Coll. Dognin ; Bolivia, Songo 
(Garlepp), 1 S; Peru, Chanchamayo. Exp. 44 millim. 



1372. Pelochyta cervina. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 7.) 

Eukalisidota cervina, H. Edw. Papilio, iv. p. 77 (1884); Druce, Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 94 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 209. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen orange ; palpi with black lateral 



104 AECTlADiE. 

spots on 1st and 2nd joints, the 3rd joint black ; frons with pair 
of black spots ; upper part of frons, basal joint of antennae, vertex 
of head, tegulse, shoulders, and patagia with black spots, the tegulae 
with pair on each ; coxae with black spots ; abdomen with subdorsal 
series of black patches except on basal segments, often meeting 
dorsally, two lateral series of spots, four spots on ventral surface, 
the two middle ones larger. Fore wing brownish orange, four black 
points on. an orange patch at base ; the veins with blackish streaks. 
Hind wing orange-yellow. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing brown, the costal and inner areas yellow. — 
Guatemala. 

Ab. 2. Abdomen with the hair at base tinged with brown ;. fore 
wing darker ; hind wing black-brown. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Hoege), 1 c^ , Misantla (Trujillo), 1 $; 
Guatemala (Rodriguez, Champion), 2 J , 2 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Exp., (S 52, $ 58 millim. 

1373. Pelochyta cinerea. (Plate XXXVII. fig. 24.) 

Halesidota cinerea, Wlk. iii. 741 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 206. 
Pseicdapistosia li/stra, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 101 (1884) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 207. 

Head, tegulae, and shoulders orange ; palpi with black marks on 
thi) joints at sides ; frons with pair of black spots, the upper part 
of frons, basal joint of antennae, vertex of head, tegulae, shoulders, 
and base of patagia with black spots, the tegulae with a pair on 
each ; thorax yellowish brown ; pectus and greater part of legs 
orange, fore coxae with black spots ; abdomen orange, with the hair 
towards base fuscous, the other segments with dorsal black bands, 
a lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface rarely with 
fuscous patches. Fore wing yellowish brown with a slight purplish 
tinge, a slight orange patch with four black points on it at base. 
Hind wing pale yellowish, tinged with brown towards termen. 

Ab. 1. lystra. Abdomen with ventral fuscous patches on medial 
segments ; fore wing darker violaceous brown ; hind wing with the 
terminal area more strongly tinged with brown. 

Bah. Costa Eica ( Van Patten, Zurcher, Underwood), 2 c? , 3 5 ; 
Panama, Chiriqui (Chamjyion), 1 2 type lystra, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Colombia, Bogota ( Vergara), 1 (S ; Venezuela, 1 cT , 3 5 ; 
Brazil, 2 d" type ; Ecuador, Paramba (Rosenberg), 1 cT ; Bolivia, 
11. Suapi, Corvico. Exp., d 50, 2 62 millim. 

1374. Pelochyta arontes. 

Sphinx arontes, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 382. E (1781) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 202. 
Bomhyx neuropiera, Sepp,*Svirin. A^lind. i. pi. 38 (1848) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 201. 
Halesidota degenera,y\l\\. iii. 742 (1855); Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. 

p. 101 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 206. 

(S . Head, tegulae, and shoulders orange, the 1st and 2nd joints 



PELOCHTTA. ELY8IUS. 105 

of palpi with black patches at sides ; upper part of frons, vertex of 
head, tegiulae, shoulders, and base of patagia with black points, the 
tegulae with a pair on each ; thorax purplish brown, the patagia with 
dark streak ; pectus and coxae orange, the fore coxa3 with black 
spots ; abdomen orange, the hair towards base blackish, the terminal 




Fig. 78. — Felochyta arontes, (^ , \. 

segments with paired subdorsal black patches, two lateral and a 
ventral series of spots. Fore wing purphsh brown, the veins dark; 
a small orange patch with four black points on it at base of costa. 
Hind wing tinged with fuscous. 

$ . Thorax and fore wing paler ; hind wing yellowish, tinged 
with brown towards termen. 

Hab. GcJATEMALA {Roclrif/uez, Champion), 3 gT , 1 $; Costa Eica 
(Underwood), 3 c? , 3 $ ; Panama (Chamjno7i), 2 cS , Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Venezuela, 1 $ , type degenera^ Pto. Cabello. Exp., 6 36, 
$ 48 millim. 

1375. Pelochyta umbrata, n. sp. (Plate XL. fig. 9.) 

S . Dark brown ; vertex of head with black point ; tegula) each 
with a pair of black points ; shoulders and patagia with points ; 
abdomen yellowish grey, the hair on base of dorsum brown, the 
terminal segments banded with black ; a lateral series of points ; 
wings uniform dark brown ; hind wing slightly semihyaline along 
median nervure. 

Hah. Bolivia, Chaco (Garlepp), 1 cS type. Eo^, 46 millim. 



Genus ELYSIUS. 

Type. 

Elysms, Wlk. iii. 713 (1855) conspersus. 

Onythes, Wlk. iii. 749 (1855) paUidicosta. 

Sychesia, Moschl. Verla. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxvii. p. 653 

(1877) dryas. 

Pseudapistosia, Moschl, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxvii. p. 665 

(1877) limber. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint reaching vertex of 
head, the 3rd short and somewhat porrect ; antenna bipectinate ; legs rather 
long, the spurs moderate ; abdomen dorsally clothed with long hair at base. 
Fore wing rather short and broad ; vein 3 from long before angle of cell ; 4, 5 
from angle, or 5 from just above angle ; 6 from or from below upper angle ; 
7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with the cell long ; vein 3 from 
before angle ; 4, 5 from angle or separate ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 present or 
absent. 



106 



AECTIAD^. 



Sect. I. [Sychesia). Antennae of male with long branches ; hiud wing with 
vein 8 absent. 

1376. Elysius dryas. 

Bomhyx dryas, Cram. Pap. Exot. i. pi. 70. C (1775) ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. 

p. 206. 
Halesidota basipennis, Wlk. vii. 1707 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 
Sychesia fimbria. Moschl. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxvii. p. 654, pi. ix. 

f. 22 (1877) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 94 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 206. 
Phcsgoptera subtilis, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soe. 1878, p. 51. 

Dark brown ; back of head with two orange points ; pectus and 
coxae with orange patches ; abdomen orange above, with four sub- 
dorsal black spots on terminal segments, the terminal segment and 
ventral surface dark brown. Pore wing irrorated with yellowish- 
white scales, more prominent on nervures ; a whitish spot on angle 
of discocellulars. Hind wing pale orange, deeper on inner area ; 
the apical area broadly brown, tapering to tornus. 




Fig. I'd.— Elysius dryas, ^ ■ 



Hah. W. Indies ; Guatemala (CTiamjjion, Rogers) ; Costa Eica 
(Underiuood), Godman-^alvin Coll. ; Ectjadoe ; Sueinam ; Amazons, 
Rio Sapo (Trail), type subtilis, Para (Bates), type basipennis in 
Mus. Oxon. ; Bolivia, Songo, Suapi. B.vj>. 44-54 millim. Type t 
fimbria in Coll. Staudinger. 

Subsp. 1 . The yellow on neck, coxae, base of abdomen, and hind 
wing replaced by pale crimson. 

Eab. Beazil, Rio Grande do Sul (Mabilde), 1 $ . 



Sect. II. Antennas of male with shorter branches ; hind wing with 
present as a spur or reaching costa. 



vein 8 



A. {Ovythes). Hind wing of male with the inner area dilated, 
the tornus somewhat lobed. 



a. Fore wing with the costa pale 
h. Fore wing uniform blackish .. 



pallidkosia. 
carbonaria. 



ELYsms. 



107 



1377. Elysius pallidicosta. 

Onyfhcs pallidlcosta, Wlk. iii. 749 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 206. 
S . Head olive-brown ; palpi and antennae dark brown ; thorax 
olive and dark brown; coxae orange fulvous; abdomen dark brown, 
lateral stripes and the ventral surface except extremity white. Fore 




Fig. 80. — Elysius pallidicosta, (^ . \. 

wing dark brown, the costa pale with reddish brown below it ; the 
median nervure and inner margin streaked with reddish brown. 
Hind wing fuscous brown. 

Hah. Venezuela, 1 cT type ; Bolivia, Chaco, Songo. Exp. 52 
millim. 

1378. Elysius carbonaria. 

Sychesia carbonarius, Dognin, Lep. Loja, p. 51, pi. 4, f. 13 (1891) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. pp. 205, 906. 

(5 . Black-brown. Hind wing paler yellowish brown, the 
terminal area tinged with fuscous. 

Ilab. EcuADOK, Loja, type f in Coll. Dognin ; Bolivia, Chaco ; 
Perc, Callanga, 1 cS . Kvp. 54 millim. 



B. (Elysiics). Hind wing of male with the inner area normal. 

a. Abdomen crimson with black bands su2:>erba. 

h. Abdomen orange. 

a^. Abdomen without large dorsal blackisb patch. 
a^. Abdomen with dorsal and lateral series of black 
patches. 

a^. Fore wing with pale striae francJA. 

b^. Fore wing without pale strife solcria. 

b"^. Abdomen with black bands. 

a^. Fore wing without crimson-striated orange 
patches, 

a*. Hind wing tinged with crira son thrailkilH. 

6*. Hind wing not tinged with crimson ochrota. 

b^. Fore wing with crimson- striated orange patches, 
a*. Fore wing with medial and postmedial 

crimson-striated orange spots cingulata. 

6*. Fore wing with large medial and postmedial 

crimson-striated orange patches conspersa. 

c^. Abdomen with dorsal black bars on terminal 

segments herm ia. 



108 AECTIAD^. 

tP. Abdomen uniform orange. 

d\ Fore wing orange with brown mottling and 

lines sebncs. 

h^. Fore wing brown with darker mottling proha. 

bK AbdomeTi with large dorsal blackish patch. 

a'^. Abdomen with the extremity black ,,... atrata. 

b'^. Abdomen with the extremity orange, 
a^. Abdomen with black bands, 

a*. Abdomen with the black patch extending to 

near extremity chimara. 

b^. Abdomen with the black patch confined to , 

basal segment vmiber. 

b^. Abdomen with lateral series of black spots. 

a^. Vertex of head white immanis. 

6*. Vertex of head dark. 

a^. Abdomen with dorsal black spots on 

terminal segments disciplaga. 

b'\ Abdomen without dorsal spots, the patch 

at base small atriceps. 

c. Abdomen fuscous brown. 

a^. Fore wing with pale bands melanoplaga. 

b\ Fore wing uniform dark brown hicolor. 

1379. Elysiiiis superba. 

Phcpcfopfera superba, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 95, pi. 10. f. 2 
(1884); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 214. 

Brown-pink ; palpi, frons, and antennae black ; tegulas and 
patagia with black points ; metathorax and fore coxae with black 
spots, the femora pink above, tibiae and tarsi blackish ; abdomen 
pink with dorsal black bands, the hair at base brown-pink, two 
lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface brown. Pore wing 
brown-pink, with black j)atch at base of eosta ; antemedial, medial, 
and postmedial brown bands with rather sinuous edges ; a sub- 
terminal band, sending a broad fork to termen from above vein 4 
and often interrupted below that point ; an apical patch narrowing 
to the fork from subterminal band. Hind wing pale brownish 
semihyaline, more thickly scaled towards margins. 

Eah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trvjilh), 2 2 ; Costa Bica (Underwood), 
1 6,22 ; Panama, Chiriqui {Champion), 1 S type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Eocp. 86 millim. 

1380. Elysius francki. (Plate XXXYII. fig. 10.) 

Maz(Bras francJd, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent, Soc. iv. p. 141 (1896). 

(5 . Head and tegulae purplish crimson ; 3rd joint of palpi, 
antennae, aud spots on tegulae black ; thorax purple-brown mixed 
with crimson ; tibiae and tarsi black ; abdomen orange, clothed with 
crimson hair at base ; large dorsal and lateral series of black spots, 
the ventral surface brown. Fore wing purple-brown with slight 
pale striae; some crimson at base of inner area. Hind wing 
semihyaline, sparsely clothed with crimson scales, the inner area 
thickly clothed with crimson hair ; cilia fuscous at apex. 

Bah. Beazil, Castro Paraiia, 1 (j" , 8ao Paulo (Jones), type t 6 
in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 64 millim. 



ELYsrus. 109 

1381. Elysius soteria. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 10.) 

MazcBras soteria, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) v. p. 509 (1900). 

S . Deep red-brown ; head, tegulae, and front of thorax dull 
crimson ; 3rd joint of palpi, lower part of f rons, antennae, and spots 
on tegulae blackish ; pectus, coxae, and femora above crimson ; 
abdomen orange, the hair at base crimson ; dorsal and lateral series 
of black spots, the ventral surface brown. Fore wing with the base 
of inner margin crimson ; cilia jellow-brown at tips. Hind wing 
whitish, the veins and margins tinged with crimson, the inner area 
broadly so. 

9 . Hind wing uniform pale crimson. 

Hab. AuGENiiNA, 1 S . J^^cp. 51 millim. Type f in Coll. 
Druce. 

*1382. Elysius thrailkilli. 

Ammalo thmilkllli, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 280; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., 
Het. ii. p. 369, pi. 74. f. 21. 

2 . Head and thorax dark brown ; palpi behind and vertex of 
head reddish brown ; tegulae with black points ; patagia with black 
patches ; abdomen dull red with dorsal black bands, the ventral 
surface brown. Tore wing dark brown mottled with pale brown. 
Hind wing ochreous tinged with crimson. 

Hab. Mexico, Vera Cruz, 1 $ type f in Coll. Schaus. Ex]). 6U 
millim. 

1383. Elysius ochrota, n. sp. (Plate XXXYIII. fig. 3.) 

S . Head and thorax ochreous yellow tinged with brown ; palpi 
brown at sides ; tibiae and tarsi brown ; abdomen with dorsal black 
bands. Fore wing ochreous yellow, slightly tinged with brown on 
terminal area. Hind wing yellowish white, thinly scaled, tho 
terminal area tinged with brown. 

Hab. EoLiviA, Chaco, 1 (S type. Exp. 60 millim. 

*1384. Elysius cingulata. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 13.) 
Halesidota cingulata, Wlk. vii. 1710 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 

Head and thorax crimson and orange ; palpi black at tips ; 
antenna) brown ; patagia and metathorax with blackish spots ; 
tibiae and tarsi black ; abdomen orange, clothed with crimson hair 
towards base and with black dorsal bauds, the ventral surface 
brown. Fore wing brown obscurely mottled with red ; a short 
crimson fascia at base of inner margin ; some orange and crimson 
marks at base followed by an oblique band from costa to vein 1 
with waved edges ; a spot in end of cell and one below vein 2 ; a 
point or patch beyond discocellulars ; a rather obscure subterminal 
series of spots, those above veins 5 and 7 displaced inwards. Hind 



110 



AECTlADiE. 



wing crimson, with some semihyaline white in, below, and beyond 
cell. 

Ilah. Jamaica ; Brazil, Petropolis, E-io Janeiro, Coll. Schaus. 
Exp., (S 76, 2 84 millim. Type t in Mus. Oxon. 

3 385. Elysius conspersa. 

Elymis conspersus,W\\i.\u..1\4L (1855); Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. 
p. 91, pi. 9. f. 25; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 219. 

(S . Head and thorax orange and scarlet ; antennae brown ; 
tegulse and patagia with brown points ; thorax with dorsal brown 
stripe ; pectus, coxae, and femora scarlet ; tibiae and tarsi brown ; 
abdomen orange, with segmental dorsal black bands, the hair on 
dorsum crimson. Fore wing orange thickly mottled with scarlet; 




Fig. 81. — Elysius conspersa, (^ . \. 

the veins and margins black-brown ; a curved subbasal dark line 
from costa to vein 1 ; a medial brown band with waved edges ; a 
curved band across end of cell to the wide terminal band, which 
encloses some scarlet and orange spots between vein 4 and costa 
and expands below vein 4, Hind wing yellowish white, the mar- 
ginal areas suffused with crimson. 

$ . Fore wing with the brown markings less distinct ; the 
terminal area scarlet and orange, leaving an obscure postmedial 
brown band conjoined to the band across discocellulars. 

Hah, Panama, Bugaba, Chiriqui {Champion), 2 5 , Godman- 
Salvin Coll. ; Colombia, Bio San Juan, 1 $ ; Amazons, Para (Bates), 
1 cS type. Exp., cS 52, 2 66 millim. 



1386. Elysius hermia. 

Bomhyx hermia, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 185. F (1779) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 220. 

<S . Head and thorax orange and scarlet ; palpi with the 3rd 
joint brown ; antennae brown ; tegulae with brown points, j^atagia 
edged with brown ; legs striped with brown ; abdomen orange, 
dorsally crimson towards base, the last four segments with dorsal 
black bars. P'ore wing yellow, very thickly mottled with brown : 
an oblique crimson-marked yellow band at base conjoined at vein 1 



ELYSIUS. Ill 

to an antemedial yellow patch striated with crimson extending from 
costa to vein 1, and with curved brown line on its outer side ; a 
quadrate spot in end of cell ; a postmedial maculate baud from costa 
strongly incurved below vein 4 and conjoined to the spot in cell and 
ending at vein 1 ; a subterminal series of spots, the spot above vein 
() nearer termen, the series incurved below vein 4, then bent out- 
wards to tornus. Hind wing semihyaline, the inner area and a 
terminal band crimson. 

Hah. Surinam; Brazil, E,io Grande do Sul, 3 c?, Petropolis. 
Exp., (S 40 millim. 

1387. Elysius sebrus. (Plate XXXYII. fig. 17.) 
Phcegoptera sebncs, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) iii. p. 233 (1899). 

(S . Orange-yellow ; palpi with the 3rd joint black, the 2nd joint, 
vertex of head, tegulas, patagia, and fore coxse with black points. 
Pore wing mottled with pale red-brown and with yellower patches 
mottled with orange and edged with brown ; the veins brown ; a 
basal patch edged by the curved subbasal line ; a patch before the 
antemedial curved line traversed by an incurved line from cell to 
vein 1 and with orange streak edged with brown above on inner 
margin ; a large medial spot in cell ; a band on inner side of the 
slightly curved oblique postmedial line expanding below the cell 
and edged by a waved line on inner side ; an irregularly waved 
subterminal series of spots. 

Hab. Brazil, Casa Branca ; Bolivia, type t in Coll. Druce ; Peru, 
Chanchamayo, 1 ^ . Exp. 56 millim. 

1388. Elysius proba. 

Phfsgoptera proha, Schaus, P.Z. S. 1892, p. 281 ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., 
Het. ii. p. 375, pi. 74. f. 20. 

Head and thorax brown ; palpi at base, neck, and coxae orange ; 
abdomen orange. Pore wing brown, mottled with grey-brown 
forming traces of numerous bands and with darker points on the 
veins ; the inner margin and termen grey-brown. Hind wing 
orange-yellow, with more or less grey-brown suffusion at apex. 

Hab. Mexico, Oaxaca, 1 (S , Guadalajara, Vera Cruz ; Honduras. 
Exp. 78 millim. Type t in Coll. Schaus. 

1389. Elysius atrata. 

Lophocampa atrata, Peld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 101. f. 8 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 213. 

Head and tegulse orange ; palpi black, orange at base and with 
orange point at extremity of 2nd joint on innei" side ; antennae 
black ; tegulse and shoulders with black spots ; thorax black ; 
pectus orange, with lateral black patches ; legs black : abdomen 
orange, with large dorsal black patch on medial segments, the 



112 ARCTIAD^. 

extremity and ventral surface black ; wings black ; hind wing with 
hyaline patch in, below, and beyond lower end of cell. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota ; Ecuador, Loja, 1 c^ ; Bolivia, Corvico ; 
Perf, Chaco, Chanchamayo. Exp. 66-68 miUim. 

1390. Elysius cMmaera. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 1.) 

Phcsgoptera chivKsra, Druce, P. Z. S. 1893, p. 288. 

S . Black ; back of head and patagia with orange spots ; sides 
of pectus and coxae behind orange; abdomen with orange lateral 
patches from 3rd segment, almost meeting dorsally on terminal 
segment, sublateral patches on 2nd, 3rd, and 4th segments, followed 
by small spots on the two following ; anal tuft orange. Fore wing 
with slight orange mark on base of inner area. Hind wing with 
the basal two-thirds from middle of cell to inner margin white with 
the veins dark, the inner edge of the terminal band irregular. 

Hah. Brazil, Casa Branca, Sta. Catherina; Paraguay, 1 cJ . 
Exjy. 60 millim. Type f in Coll. Druce. 

1391. Elysius umber. 

Bomhyx umber, Cram, Pap. Exot. i. pi. 15. F (1775) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. i. p. 100 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 206. 

Black-brown ; back of head and patagia with fulvous-orange spots ; 
abdomen dorsally orange, with segmental lines and the hair to- 
wards base brown. Hind wing rather paler brown. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui {Champion), 1 d", 1 $, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Surinam. Exp., S 70, $ 86 millim. 

1392. Elysius immanis. 

EuchcBtes immanis, H. Edw. Papilio, iv. p. 75 (1884) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 237. 
Opkarusjacca, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 382, pi. 76. f. 6 (1897). 

Dull brown ; upper part of frons and vertex of head yellowish 
white ; throat orange-yellow ; abdomen orange-yellow, the dorsal 
area brown, reduced to spots towards extremity, the ventral surface 
grey-brown except at base and extremity. Fore wing with very 
obscure discoidal lunule and subterminal waved diffused line in- 
curved between veins 6 and 4. Hind wing with the disk rather 
thinly scaled. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa, Coatepec (Schaus), 1 d ; Panama, Chiriqui, 
type t jacca in Coll. Staudinger. Exp. 54: millim. 

1393. Elysius disciplaga. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 15.) 

Halesidota disciplaga, Wlk. vii. 1709 (1856) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 211. 
Halesidota hreviuscula, WJk. xxxi. 311(1864); Druce, Biol. Cent,r,-Am., 

Het. p. 94 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 206. 
Euhalisidota aperta, H. Edw. Papilio, iy. p. 77 (1884). 



ELYSIUS. 113 

J . Brown ; pectus and coxao wifh orange jiatohes ; abdomen 
orange above, with large brown dorsal patch on 2nd-5th segments 
followed by dorsal spots, the terminal segment and ventral surface 
brown. Fore wing very thickly irrorated with pale scales ; a pale 
point on angle of discocellulars. Hind wing pale, the terminal area 
tinged with brown, the inner with orange. 

2 . The extremity of abdomen orange ; the hind wing browner. 

Hab. Mexico, type, Jalapa (Hoege), Coatepec {BrooTcs) ; Guate- 
mala ; Panama {Chaminon), Godman-Salvin Coll.; Colombia; 
Bolivia, Suapi. Exp. 48-52 millim. 

1394. Elysius atriceps, n. sp. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 2.) 

S . Head and thorax yellowish white ; palpi with the 2nd joint 
black at sides, the 3rd joint black ; antennae rufous ; vertex of head 
with black patch with some orange behind it ; tegulse with black 
spots, shoulders and patagia striped with black ; mesothorax with 
black spot ; legs brown and white, the fore coxse orange ; abdomen 
orange, with dorsal fuscous patch at base, lateral series of black 
spots, and the ventral surface whitish. Fore wing ochreous 
irrorated with brown ; the series of white spots with diffused dark 
brown edges ; orange and black points at base : an antemedial very 
oblique series of three white spots ; a medial series angled on median 
nervure, then very oblique, the two spots towards costa small ; 
a spot in end of cell, two small discoidal spots with one on costa 
above them ; an oblique postmedial series of spots angled outwards 
above vein 4, the three spots towards costa larger ; a subterminal 
series of spots, those above veins 3 and 4 smaller, two near tornus 
forming a <-mark. Hind wing yellowish white, the apex slightly 
tinged with fuscous. 

Hob. Colombia, 1 <S type; Bolivia, E. Tanampaya. Exp. 
54 millim. 

1395. Elysius melanoplaga, n. sp. (Plate XXXYIII. fig. 16.) 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale and dark brown ; patagia 
with whitish stripes ; abdomen with some whitish hair at base. 
Fore wing pale, suffused and striated with brown ; the costal area 
black-brown, expanding into large basal and postmedial patches ; 
the bands pale and defined by fine brown lines ; a subbasal curved 
band bent round and running to the base as a whitish stripe ; an 
antemedial pale point below costa and band from cell to inner 
margin ; a rather irregular medial band from costa to just above 
inner margin ; a postmedial band excurved to vein 4, then incurved 
and interrupted beyond lower angle of cell by the dark patch ; an 
irregularly waved and dentate subterminal band, with dark patches 
beyond it above and below middle. Hind wing whitish, 'the veins, a 
discoidal patch, and a terminal band narrowing to tornus brown ;, 
veins 4, 5 from cell, 8 a spur. 

Hah. EcuADOK {Buckley), 1 c^" type. Exp. 52 millim. 

VOL. III. I 



114 



ARCTIADiE. 



1396. Elysius bicolor. 

Hebena bicolor, Mssn, Stiibel's Reisen S. Amer., Lep. pp. 49, 52, 132, pi. 5. 
f. 1 (1890) ; Kirby, Cat. Bet. p. 907. 

(S . Head and thorax dark brown ; antennae and fore coxae pale 
brown ; abdomen dark brown, the hair on base of dorsum fulvous 
yellow. Fore wing dark brown, rather thinly scaled. Hind wing 
semihyaline white ; the inner area tinged with yellow ; the costa 
and cilia towards apex brown. 

Hah. Ecuadok; Peku, Callao {J. J. Walker), 1 6. ^oop. 
60 millim. 



Genus ISCHNOCAMPA. 

Type. 

Feld. Reis. Nov. p. 6 (1874), non descr sordida. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi slender, upturned, the 3rd joint well 
developed and porrect ; antennae pectinate, the apical part serrate ; tibiae with 
the spurs moderate ; abdomen with slight lateral tufts of rough hair at base. 
Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell, or 3 from just before angle ; 
6 from or from just below angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 absent or 
from beyond middle of cell. 

A. Fore wing white, the veins streaked with black Qiigridorsata. 

B. Fore wing yellow, the veins streaked with black oiigrivena. 

C Fore wing ochreous brown irrorated with black. 

a. Abdomen with ochreous-yellow lateral fascia celer. 

b. Abdomen without yellow lateral fascia. 

a^. Fore wing with black point in middle of cell tnamona. 

b^. Fore wing without black point in middle of cell. 

c^. Vertex of head and neck brown nubilosa. 

5^ Vertex of head whitish, neck orange sordida. 

D. Fore wing fuscous brown, 

a. Tegulse without white spots. 

a}-. Abdomen with lateral stripes and the extremity 

greyish lugubris. 

h^. Abdomen with two lateral series of white spots tristis. 

b. Tegulae with white spots mundator. 



*1397. Ischnocampa nigridorsata. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 8.) 

Ischnocampa nigridorsata, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 268 (1901). 

cJ . Head, thorax, and abdomen bright yellow ; palpi, antennae, 
and greater part of legs fuscous ; abdomen with the 2nd, 3rd, and 
4th segments dorsaUy black-brown, the ventral surface fuscous ; 
wings dull white, the veins and margins blackish ; hind wing with 
the inner area suffused with fuscous. 

Hah. Peru, type f c? in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 48 millim. 



1398. Ischnocampa nigrivena. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 11.) 

Ischnocampa nigrivena, Schaus, A. M. N. N. (7) vii. p. 268 (1901). 
Head, thorax, and abdomen orange ; palpi and antennae black ; 



ISCHNOCAMPA. 1 15 

logs mostly black ; abdomen with the ventral surface fuscous to 
near extremity. Fore wing golden yellow, suffused with flesh-white 
on costa to apex, in cell to discocellulars, below the cell to middle, 
and on inner margin to near tornus ; the veins, cell, submedian 
fold, and inner margin black. Hind wing golden yellow, the veins 
brownish. 

Bah. Bolivia, Suapi, 1 $ , type t c? in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 
62 millim. 

*1399. Ischnocampa celer. (Plate XXXVIIT. fig. 17.) 

Carales celer, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 282. 

Pale brown irrorated with black ; palpi blackish at sides ; abdo- 
men fuscous black, with ochreous-yellow lateral stripe formed o£ 
conjoined triangular spots ; the ventral surface ochreous whitish, 
with ventral fuscous stripe. Fore wing with slight fuscous markings 
at base ; antemedial obliquely-placed black points on costa, median 
nervure, and inner margin ; a discoidal point ; a postraedial series 
of indistinct striae on the veins, excurved from below costa to vein 4, 
then incurved ; a slight sinuous subterminal shade ; a terminal 
series of points. Hind wing suffused with fuscous. 

Hah. Brazil, Petropolis, Novo Friburgo, type f in Coll Schaus. 
Eccp. 40 millim. 

*1400. Ischnocampa mamona. 

Theagesmamona, Dognin, Le Nat. 1892, p. 144 ; id. Lep. Loja, pi. 8. ff. 11, 12. 

S • Pale yellow-brown ; abdomen somewhat darker, the anal 
tuft orange-yellow. Fore wing slightly irrorated with darker brown ; 
a blackish point in middle of cell ; an oblique dark shade from apex 
to vein 5 formed by short streaks in interspaces ; traces of short sub- 
terminal dark streaks in interspaces. Hind wing pale, the veins and 
terminal area browner. 

Hah. Ecuador, Loja. Exp, 44 millim. Type fin Coll. Dognin. 

*1401. Ischnocampa nubilosa. 

Theages Qiuhilosa, Dognin, Le Nat. 1892, p. 144 ; id. Lep. Loja, pi. 8. f. 10. 

S . Brown irrorated with black ; abdomen suffused with black. 
Fore wing with the veins streaked with blackish ; the interspaces 
somewhat suffused with black ; the medial part of vein 1 outlined 
with whitish scales ; two black points on discocellulars ; a very ill- 
defined blackish shade from apex to lower angle of cell. Hind wing 
pale semihyaline ; a blackish discoidal point ; the costal area and 
termen irregularly brown irrorated with black. 

Hah. Ecuador, Loja. Exp. 46 millim. Type t in Coll. Dognin. 



i2 



116 ARCTIAJD^. 

1402. Ischnocampa sordida. 

Ischmcampa sordida. Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 106. f . 22 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat^ 
Het. p. 342. 

cJ . Palpi pale, irrorated with dark brown ; frons blackish : 
vertex of head white, irrorated with black and with black stripe ; 
antennae pale and dark brown ; neck orange ; tegulse and thorax 
white irrorated with black, the latter with black dorsal stripe ; 
patagia brown irrorated with dark brown ; abdomen black irrorated 
with ochreous, especially on ventral surface. Fore wing ochreous,. 




Fig. 82. — Ischnocami)a sordida, (S . \. 

strongly irrorated and suffused with black : a black spot in end of 
cell ; indistinct diffused postmedial and subterminal dark lines, the 
former angled at lower end of cell. Hind wing semihyaline, the 
veins dark ; the costal and terminal areas irregularly suffused with 
ochreous brown strongly irrorated with black. 

5 . Thorax and fore wing browner. 

Hab. Colombia, Bogota, type f $ in Coll. Rothschild ; Bolivia, 
Chaco {Garlepp), 1 c? , R. Songo. Exp. 40 millim. 

1403. Ischnocampa lugubris. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 4.) 
Opharus higidms, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 282. 

Puscous brown to pale brown mixed with grey ; abdomen with 
lateral stripes, the extremity and ventral surface greyish. Fore 
wing with the disk thinly scaled, and thickly striated with fuscous. 
Hind wing whitish, the veins and marginal areas fuscous brown. 

Hah. Brazil, Espiritu Santo, 1 c^ , 1 $ , Sta. Catherina, JSTovo 
Friburgo, Petropolis, Rio Janeiro. Eocp.^ S 36-40, $ 50-60 millim. 
Type t in Coll. Schaus. 

1404. Ischnocampa tristis. 

Opharus tristis, Schaus, Ent. Am. v. p. 191 (1889) : Druce, Biol. Centr.- 

Am., Het. ii. p. 382, pi. 76. f. 3 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 205. 
Opharus dolens, Druce, A.M.N.H. (6) xiii. p. 174 (1894). 

Fuscous ; coxae and femora with white streaks ; abdomen with 
two lateral and a sublateral series of white spots. Hind wing with 
the area in and below the cell semihyaline. 



ISCHNOCAMPA. OPHAKUS. 117 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo), 1 $ , Orizaba ; Costa Rica 
(Underivood), 1 (5* , 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Brazil, Rio Janeiro, 
1 c?. J^^'vp., (S 48, 2 54millim. 

1405. Ischnocampa mundator. 

Opharus mundator, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 102, pi. 10. f. 10 
(1884); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 205. 

$ . Black-brown ; tegulse with white spots ; patagia with white 
points at extremity ; coxae with white spots and streaks ; abdomen 
with lateral and sublateral series of white spots. Hind wing with 
the area in and below cell semihy aline white. 

Rah. Costa Rica, Irazu {Rogers), 1 $ type, Godman-Salvin Coll. 
Exp. ^Q millim. 

Genus OPHARUS. 

Type. 
Phegoptera, Herr.-SchaflF. Aussereur. Schmett. p. 16 (1850), 

non descr no type. 

Opharus, Wlk. iii. 728 (1855) procroides. 

Carales, Wlk. iii. 729 (1855) astur. 

Pithea, Wlk. vii. 1701 (1856) ferruginea. 

Senia, Moschl. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxvii. p. 666 (1877). astur. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint nearly reaching 
vertex of head, the 3rd long and porrect ; frons roughly scaled ; antennse long, 
bipectinate, the branches dilated at extremity ; tibise with the spurs short ; 
abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair. Fore wing elongate ; veins 3, 4, 5 
from angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, stalked ; 10, 11 free. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 shortly stalked or from angle ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from towards angle of cell. 



Sect. I. {Pithea). Antennae of male with the branches long. 

*1406. Opharus ferrugineus. (Plate XLIV. fig. 16.) 

Pithea ferruginea, Wlk. vii. 1701 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 913. 

^ . Head and thorax dark brown ; sides of thorax and pectus 
with some fulvous hair ; abdomen orange, with dorsal black bands 
on last five segments, the ventral surface black. Fore wing fuscous 
brown ; broad olive-brown fasciae on costa extending to near apex 
and on inner margin to middle ; a slight streak on median nervure. 
Hind wing semihyaline whitish, some orange hair at base ; the 
terminal area tinged with fuscous. 

5 . Head, thorax, and fore wing more chestnut-brown ; hind 
wing fuscous. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota, type t in Mus. Oxon. Exp. 44 millim. 



118 



AKOTIADJE. 



Sect. II. ( Opha7 us). Antenna; of male with the branches moderate or short, 

A. Vertex of head scarlet ruficollis. 

B. Vertex of head bright yellow belus. 

C. Vertex of head with yellowish-white patch. 

a. Abdomen crimson with black bands rhodosoma. 

b. Abdomen yellow, fuscous above basalts. 

D. Vertex of head ochreous or brown. 

a. Fore wing without transverse markings. 
a^. Fore wing uniform fuscous brown. 

a^. Tegulse and thorax grey tinged with pink limis. 

b^. Tegulse and thorax dark. 

a^. Patngia with white patches bimaciilata. 

b^, Patagia without white patches. 

a^. Abdomen with lateral orange patches. 

a^. Pectus orange 

¥. Pectus dark procroides. 

b'^. Abdomen with lateral orange stripes and 

dorsal bands on terminal segments ahnopia. 

b^. Fore wmg pale yellow-brown, 

a^. Antennge black , wings with the veins dark. 

a^. Palpi banded with black elota. 

b^. Palpi not banded with black laudia. 

6^. AntennsB and veins concolorous trama. 

c^. Fore wing pale green, with the veins darker thalassina. 

b. Fore wing with transverse markings. 

a^. Fore wing with the ground-colour dark brown, 
a^ Abdomen crimson with dark bands, 

a^. Fore wing with crimson points at angles of cell, flavimaculata, 
b^. Fore wing without crimson points at angles of 

cell piperita. 

b"^. Abdomen black-brown and orange. 

a^. Fore wing with series of orange spots without 

dark edges aurogutta. 

b^. Fore wing with interrupted yellowish lines... decrepida. 
C'-^ Fore wing with series of dark-edged yellowish 
to orange spots, 
f/>. Fore wing with medial series of orange 

spots granijera. 

i*. Fore wing without medial series of orange 
spots. 
«\ Fore wing with whitish bands. 

a^. Tegulae with white spots histrionica. 

¥'. Tegulse without white spots schaefferi. 

b^. Fore wing without whitish bands chorima. 

b^. Fore wing pale purplish brown, with series of yellow- 
ish spots on dark bands. 
a^. Abdomen orange, with triangular black patch at 

base of dorsum flavopunctata, 

b-. Abdomen black, with subdorsal series of orange 

spots - flavostrigata. 

c^. Abdomen black, with dorsal and subdorsal series of 

black spots picturata. 

c^. Fore wing with the ground-colour whitish. 
a^. Fore wing with series of orange-brown spots. 

a^. Abdomen crimson and black-brown depicta. 

b^. Abdomen orange and black-brown necca . 

b^. Fore wing without series of orange .spots. 

a^. Fore wing with maculate white bands astur. 

b^. Fore wing^with obscure subterminal white band 

only polystrigaia. 



OPHARUS. 119 

*1407. Opharus ruficoUis. 

Opharus ruficoUis, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 102, pi. 10. f. 8 (1884) 
Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 205. 

S . Palpi, frons, and antennye black-brown ; vertex of head, 
tegulae, and patagia scarlet, the last two with black points ; thorax 
brown ; base of palpi, pectus, and base of legs fulvous ; abdomen 
pale fulvous red, with black dorsal spots on last four segments, a 
lateral series of spots, and ventral series of patches becoming bands 
on last four segments. Fore wing brown with a purplish tinge ; 
the base of inner area reddish, with one basal and two subbasal black 
points ; a fuscous subterminal band from below costa to vein 5, where 
it is bent inwards, then continued to tornus. Hind wing pale 
fulvous to middle of costa and tornus, the apical half brown. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui, type t in Coll. Staudinger. Exp, 54 
millim. 

*1408. Opharus belus. 

OpJiarus heliis, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 382, pi. 76. f. 5 (1897). 

S . Puscous brown ; vertex of head and base of patagia bright 
yellow ; abdomen with the last four segments orange-yellow above 
with dorsal and lateral black spots, the 3rd and 4th segments also 
having black lateral spots on orange patches. Fore wing with 
the terminal half finely striated with dark brown ; antemedial, 
medial, postmedial, and subterminal minutely waved paired lines, 
the medial lines slightly angled on median nervure, the postmedial 
incurved below vein 4, the subterminal irregularly dentate ; a darker 
patch in and beyond end of cell. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui, type t 6 in Coll. Staudinger. Kvp. 
48 millim. 

1409. Opharus rhodosoma. 

Phagoptcra rhodosoma, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xvi. p. 233 (1875) ; id. 111. 
Het. B. M. i. p. .52, pi. 18. f. 3 (1877) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 205. 

2 . Head black, the vertex yellowish white ; thorax black-brown, 
with yellowish- white patch on tegulae and prothorax ; coxae crimson ; 
abdomen black-brown, the basal segments crimson, then with sub- 
dorsal crimson patches almost meeting above. Fore wing red-brown, 
with very numerous pale transverse striated lines forking and with 
brown points on them. Hind wing dark brown, with paler patch in 
cell and crimson patch from cell to tornus. 

Hab. Ecuador (Buckley), 1 $ type. Ex^j. 72 millim. 



1410. Opharus basalis. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 18.) 

Opharus basalis, Wlk. vii. 1704 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 205. 

Head and shoulders black ; vertex of head, tegulae, patagia, and 
thorax yellowish white ; pectus orange ; legs brown ; abdomen 
fuscous, with broad orange lateral fasciae meeting dorsally at 



120 ARCTIADJE. 

extremity. Fore wing pale brown ; the median nervure and veins 1, 
2, 3, 4 streaked with black ; a yellowish-white patch at base of 
inner margin. Hind wing fuscous brown. 

Hah. Venezuela, Porto Cabello ; Beazil, Rio Janeiro, 1^,12; 
Bolivia, E. Songo. Exp.^ S 46, $ 56 millim. Typef in Mus. 
Oxon. 

1411. Opharns linus. 

OpMruslinus, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 382, pi. 76. f. 4 (1897). 

2 . Fuscous brown ; vertex of head, tegulse, upper edge of patagia, 
and the thorax pale ochreous ; neck, base of tegulae, and thorax 
tinged with pink ; tarsi with pale rings ; abdomen with lateral 
fasciae and the extremity pinkish. Hind wing somewhat thinly 
scaled. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa, type t $ in Coll. Schaus. Exj^. 50 millim. 

1412. Opharus bimaculata. 

Halisidoia bimaculata, Dewitz, Mitth. Miinch. ent. Ver. i. p. 95 (1877) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 202. 
Opharus alhipunctatus, Druce, Biol, Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 102, pi, 10. 

f. 11 (1884) ; Kirby, Cat, Het. p, 206. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen black-brown : vertex of head and 
shoulders with metallic blue points ; patagia with white patches ; 
pectus clothed with orange hair ; fore coxae with orange spots ; 
abdomen with lateral series of orange patches almost meeting dorsally 
except on basal segments. Fore wing fuscous brown. Hind wing 
semihyaline white, the veins and an irregularly diffused terminal 
band brown. 

Hah. Guatemala, Vera Vqz {Champion), 1 S type alhipunctatus-, 
Costa Rica ( Underwood), 1 5 ; Honbueas (Blancaneaux), 2 $ , 
Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul. Exp., (S 46, 
$ 50 millim. 

1413. Opharus consimilis. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 7.) 

Opharus procroides, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am. , Het. i, p, 101 (nee Wlk.). 

Dark brown ; vertex of head, shoulders, and end of patagia with 
metallic blue points ; pectus clothed with orange hair ; fore coxae 
with orange spots ; abdomen with lateral orange patches nearly 
meeting dorsally except on basal segments. Fore wing with the 
veins rather darker. Hind wing somewhat semihyaline towards 
base, especially in male. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa, type S , Misantla (Trujillo), 1 cj" , 1 $ ; 
Guatemala, Las Mercedes (Champion), 1 d,l $, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Colombia. Exp., d 48, $ 56 millim. 

1414. Opharus procroides. 

Opharus procroides, Wlk. iii. 729 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 205. 
Dark brown ; abdomen with lateral series of orange-yellow 



OPHAKUS. 



121 



patches almost meeting dorsally towards extremity. Fore wing 
with the veins rather darker. Hind wing witli the cell and inter- 
spaces below and just beyond it whitish. 




Fig. 83. — Opharus procroides, (^ . \. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui ; Bkazil, Sta. Catherina, Rio Janeiro ; 
BoLivTA, Chaco ; Perf, Chanchamayo, 2 c? , ^ $ , type. Exp.^ 
(S 50, 2 54 millim. 

*1415. Opharus almopia. (Plate XXXYIII. fig. 21.) 

Phcegoptera almopia, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 497; Kirby, Oat.Het. p. 207. 

$ . Fuscous brown ; abdomen with orange-yellow lateral stripes, 
and dorsal bands on last four segments. Fore wing with slightly 
darker discoidal lunule. Hind wing slightly paler ; the interspaces 
on basal half semihyaline ; veins 4, 5 stalked. 

Hah. Colombia, Antioquia, Frontino {Salmon), type f $ in Coll. 
Druce. .Exj:). 62 millim. 

*1416. Opharus elota. 

Halesidota elota, Moschl. Abh. Senck. Ges. xiv. p. 33, f. 29 (1886) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 209. 

2 . Orange-brown ; palpi orange banded with black ; frons and 
antennae except at base black ; upper edge of patagia and a dorsal 
streak on thorax greenish ; legs and abdomen at sides with black 
spots ; the upperside of abdomen orange. Fore wing with the 
inner margin except towards base and cilia black ; a fulvous dis- 
coidal spot; the veins rather darker. Hind wing orange, semi- 
hyaline except towards margins. 

Hah. Jamaica, type t $ in Coll. Staudinger. Exp. 74 millim. 



1417. Opharus laudia. (Plate XXXVIIl. tig. 20.) 

PhcBgnptera laudia, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 497 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 213. 

S' Orange-yellow; antennae black; wings very thinly scaled 
and semihyaline, tinged with brown, the veins darker. Fore wing 
with a slight clouded mark in and below cell at origin of vein 2 ; 
the terminal area slightly more thickly scaled. 

Hah. Trinidad, type f c? in CoU. Druce ; Venezuela, 1 S . 
Exp. 58 millim. 



122 ARCTIID^. 

*1418. Opharus trama. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 6.) 

Pseudopistosia trama, Dognin, Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxxviii. p. 682 

(1894). 
Opharus euripides, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) v. p. 509 (1900). 

2 . Head and thorax pale red -brown ; abdomen yellowish brown. 
Fore wing pale red-brown and very thinly scaled. Hind wing 
almost hyaline, tinged with yellowish brown, especially on veins and 
margin. 

Hab. Colombia, Bogota, Sierra del Libane {H. H. Smith), type t $ 
euripides in Coll. Druce ; Ecuadok, Loja, type t in Coll. Dognin ; 
Bolivia, Chaco. Exp. 52 millim. 

1419, Opharus thalassina. 

Pheqoptera thalassina, Herr-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 66 (1853) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 213. 

Head and thorax white ; palpi, vertex of head, antennse, tips of 
tegulse, and a stripe on patagia orange- yellow ; legs yellow and 
white ; abdomen orange-yellow, the ventral surface white. Fore 
wing semihyaline greenish white, deepening near the veins which 
are deep green ; some white at base with black points on its outer 
edge ; inner margin and termen whiter. Hind wing paler, the 
veins pale green ; the inner area sparsely clothed with pale yellow 
hair. 

Hab. Yenezuela, type t in Coll. Staudinger ; Colombia, 1 c? , 1 $ ; 
Brazil, Eio Janeiro. Exp., S 74, 5 88 millim. 



1420. Opharus flavimaculata, n. sp. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 7.) 

S. Black-brown; basal joint of antennae crimson in front; 
tegulse and patagia with yellow spots ; neck with some crimson at 
sides ; coxae at sides and femora above crimson ; the spurs, the 
extremity of hind tibiae, and inner side of tarsi crimson ; abdomen 
with dorsal and subdorsal crimson tufts of hair on 1st segment and 
dorsal bands on the others, sublateral yellow fasciae except at 
extremity. Fore wing with yellow points at base of cell and below 
median nervure ; antemedial elongate spots below costa, costal 
nervure, and in cell, and two shorter spots in submedian interspace ; 
a spot below base of vein 2, with a small spot below it ; a spot in 
upper end of cell, with spot above it below costa ; crimson points at 
angles of cell ; spots beyond the cell above veins 6 and 7 and below 
costa ; an oblique series of four small paler spots from below vein 4 
to above 1 : a subterminal series of small spots, the spots above 
veins 7 and 5 further from termen. Hind wing with subbasal 
yellow patch on costa and spot in upper end of cell. 

Hab. Brazil, Tapajos, Sta. Catherina ; Peru (Simons\ 1 cJ, 
Chanchamayo (Thamm), 1 c? type. Exp, 62 millim. 



OPHARUS. 



123 



1421. Opharus piperita. 

Pheqoptera piperita, Herr.-SchafF. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 293 (1855) ; 
i)ruce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 93 ; Xirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 

2 . Black-brown ; head and thorax irrorated with white scales ; 
palpi with crimson spot at side of 2nd joint; irons, vertex of head, 
teguloe, patagia, meso- and metathorax with pairs of pale yellow 
spots ; fore femora crimson above ; tibiae irrorated with yellow ; 
abdomen crimson with brown bands, the hair on dorsum towards 
base brown, the ventral surface yellow with brown bands. Fore 
wing irrorated with small white spots ; some yellow points at base ; 
a subbasal spot in cell and small spot below it : an antemedial series 
angled in cell, then oblique, the two spots below the cell larger ; two 
medial series interrupted in cell, the outer with the spot above vein 2 
displaced outwards ; two discoidal spots ; a postmediaj series slightly 
angled above veins 6 and 4, then incurved; a subterminal series with 
the spots on costa and above vein 6 displaced outwards. Hind wing 
pale yellow ; conjoined brown patches on costa at middle of cell and 
a terminal band broad at costa, narrowing to tornus, irrorated with 
white points ; the inner area tinged with brown. 

Hah. Costa Rica {Rogers)^ 1 $ Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Panama, 
Chiriqui ; Brazil. Exp. 66 millim. 

*1422. Opharus aurogutta. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 9.) 

Phegoptera aurogutta, Schaus, J. N, Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 141 (1896). 

S . Black-brown ; antennse reddish brown ; metathorax and 
pectus with paired crimson patches ; mid femora crimson above ; 
abdomen with orange bands on four terminal segments. Fore 
wing with orange spots at base ; an antemedial series of five small 
spots, angled in cell, with two spots beyond them in submedian 
interspace ; a medial point on costa ; a spot in end of cell, followed 
by a series of five small spots from costa to below vein 2 ; post- 
medial and subterminal series of spots, the spots above vein 5 
displaced inwards, the postmedial series incurved below vein 4 ; a 
cilial series of spots. Hind wing yellowish suff'used with fuscous ; 
a discoidal blackish spot and a patch at apex; some obscure terminal 
black spots ; cilia yellower ; underside with an inverted Y-shaped 
black mark on middle of costa. 

Hah. Colombia, type t d' in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 48 millim. 

1423. Opharus decrepida. 

Phegoptera decrepida, Herr.-Schaflf. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 287 (1855) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 207. 

(S . Head and thorax brown irrorated with ochreous, palpi at 
sides, frons, and vertex of head with blackish marks, tegulae and 
patagia with black-edged annulate markings ; abdomen orange, the 
long hair at base black-brown, dorsal and lateral series of black 
spots ending in a patch on terminal segment, the ventral surface 



124 ARCTIAD^. 

ochreous. Pore wing ochreous brown, strongly irrorated and 
striated with, black-brown ; the median nervure and vein 1 with 
blackish streaks ; some ochreous and blackish markings at base ; an 
irregular antemedial ochreous line strongly angled on median nervure 
and oblique towards costa and below the cell ; an ochreous cross in 
end of cell and discoidal lunule ; a short streak on middle of vein 1 
with some points above it ; a slight postmedial spot on costa with 
bracket-shaped mark below it, then a series of points strongly 
incurved below vein 3 ; a diffused blackish mark beyond the cell ; 
a subterminal h'ne formed by very irregular spots on blackish marks 
©xcurved just below costa and angled inwards on vein 1; a terminal 
series of small spots intersected by short black streaks. Hind wing 
black-brown. 

Hah. Venezuela, typef S in Coll. Staudinger; Ecuador, 1 c?; 
Bolivia, R. Suapi, 1 cJ , R. Songo, Chaco ; Peru, Chanchamayo. 
Exp. 48 millim. 

1424. Opharus granifera. 

Phagoptera granifera, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 281 ; id. Am. Lep. 
pi. 3. f. 4. 

5 . Head and thorax fuscous ; orange spots on sides of palpi and 
frons, back of head, and patagia ; vertex of head and tegulae with 
white patches, the latter edged with orange, white spots at end of 
patagia, metathorax and coxae with orange hair ; abdomen black- 
brown, a lateral series of orange spots, the terminal segments orange 
above with black lines, the ventral surface whitish except at 
extremity. Pore wing brown, with subbasal, antemedial, medial, 
postmedial, and subterminal black-edged maculate orange-brown 
bands, the antemedial angled outwards on median nervure and 
inwards in submedian fold, the medial curved, the postmedial sinuous 
with three spots on its inner side beyond the cell, the subterminal 
angled inwards above vein 5 ; points below costa and above vein 1 
beyond the antemedial band ; an angled white band beyond the 
subbasal band from costa to submedian fold; a series of white points 
beyond the medial band ; a subapical patch before the subterminal 
band and two points beyond its middle ; a terminal series of orange 
points. Hind wing fuscous brown. 

Hah. Brazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 $ , Petropolis, type f 5 in Coll. 
Schaus, Espiritu Santo. Eccp. 58 millim. 

1425. Opharus histrionica. 

Phegoptera histrionica, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 68 (1853); 
Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 212. 

$ . Black -brown ; 1st and 2nd joints of palpi, sides of frons, 
vertex of head, ends of tegulae, patagia, meso- and metathorax, and 
coxae with orange-fulvous spots ; tegulae with white spots ; patagia 
striped with white ; abdomen with the black-brown rounded ojff on 
4th segment, the terminal part of dorsal surface orange, lateral 



OPHARUS. 125 

series of orange points and whitish spots, a sublateral series of 
whitish patches. Pore wing with snbbasal orange points below 
costa and cell ; an antemedial series of small orange spots acutely 
angled on median nervure and strongly incurved in submedian 
interspace, with a whitish spot before it below costa, a streak in 
cell, and oblique bar and streak in submedian interspace, its outer 
edge defined by an oblique white band from costa to median nervure 
and angled band from below cell to inner margin ; an orange point in 
end of cell ; an oblique whitish band from costa beyond middle to 
lower angle of cell, then angled inwards to join the antemedial band, 
then excurved to the inner side of the postmedial series of orange 
points, which is excurved from costa to vein 3, then sinuous ; a sub- 
terminal whitish band giving off a fork to apex, bent outwards 
round an orange point between veins 3, 4, and angled inwards in 
submedian fold ; a whitish fascia on inner margin except towards 
base ; an orange mark on costa towards apex, two points between 
veins 6, 7, and a terminal series of small spots on the veins ; cilia 
white towards tornus. Hind wing- with whitish spots below base 
and end of cell and beyond the cell between veins 3 and 6 ; some 
obscure subterminal spots between veins 2 and 6. Underside with 
some orange marks at base of fore wing and on base of costa of 
hind wing. 

Hab. Beaztl, 1 5 . Ea;p. 78 millim. Type t in Coll. Staudinger. 



*1426. Opharus schaefferi. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 13.) 

Phcsgoptera schqff'eri, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 280. 

Ph(sgoptera nexoides, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 140 (1896). 

S . Head and thorax brown ; palpi, upper part of frons, sides of 
vertex of head, tegulae, patagia, meso- and metathorax with orange 
spots ; coxae and extremity of spurs orange ; abdomen orange, with 
triangular dorsal brown patch extending to 5th segment, the ventral 
surface brown with sublateral series of orange points. Eore wing 
whitish, the veins brown, the series of orange spots placed on diffused 
brown bands, conjoined diffused brown patches on medial area ; 
an orange point at base ; two snbbasal spots above and below cell ; 
an antemedial series oblique from costa to below cell, where it is 
angled, then incurved ; two spots in end of cell and one beyond it : 
the postmedial series excurved from below costa to vein 3 ; a sub- 
terminal series bent outwards at vein 7 ; a terminal series on the 
veins. Hind wing brownish white, the veins and inner, costal, and 
terminal areas suffused with brown ; a terminal series of orange 
points on the veins. 

$ . Patagia with curved white fascia above the orange spots ; 
fore wing with one orange spot in end of cell and no spot beyond 
the cell. 

Hah. Venezuela ; Brazil, Petropolis, type f and type t nexoides 
cJ $ in Coll. Schaus. Exp., J QQ, 5 56 millim. 



126 ARCTIAD-Si. 

1427. Opharus chorima. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 12.) 
PhcBgoptera chorima, Schaus, J. N, Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 140 (1896). 

Head and thorax black-brown ; sides and upper part of frons 
with orange-red spots ; tegulae edged with orange-red ; neck, patagia, 
meso- and metathorax with orange-red spots ; coxse orange-red ; 
abdomen orange, with large dorsal black patch extending to 4th 
segment, the ventral surface black with lateral series of orange 
spots. Fore wing brown, the veins black, the dull orange markings 
on diffused black bands and patches ; a basal dull orange point ; 
an antemedial maculate band angled on median nervure and ending 
at vein 1 ; a spot in end of cell with black patch above it on costa ; 
a postmedial series of spots excurved from below costa to vein 3 ; 
a subterminal series of spots, the spots above veins 6 and 4 dis- 
placed outwards ; a terminal series of small triangular spots on the 
veins. Hind wing fuscous, with some paler marks in interspaces 
especially below the cell. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana, 1 J . Exp. 72 miUim. Type t in 
Coll. Schaus. 

1428. Opharus flavopunctata. 

Phegoptera flavopimctata, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 289 (1855); 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 2"i2. 
Halesidota catenata, Wlk. vii. 1706 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 
Phcegoptera fumosa, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xvi. p. 233 (1875) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 212. 

Head and thorax black-brown ; palpi and frons at sides, back of 
head, extremity of tegulae, patagia, mesothorax, front of pectus, and 
coxae with orange spots ; metathorax with tufts of orange hair ; 
abdomen orange, with dorsal black-brown patch rounded off on 4th 
segment, the ventral surface black-brown with sublateral series of 
orange points. Fore wing pale brown with a vinous tinge, the 
veins, cell, and submedian fold streaked with black ; a blackish 
subbasal band from costa to submedian fold with two orange points 
on it ; an antemedial band with orange points on it excurved from 
costa to below cell, then incurved and ending at vein 1 ; a spot 
with orange point on it in end of cell; a postmedial band with 
small orange spots on it, excurved from costa to vein 3, then 
incurved ; an irregularly dentate subterminal line with some orange 
points on it ; a terminal series of small black-edged orange trian- 
gular spots on the veins. Hind wing semihyaline brownish white, 
the veins brown. 

Hah. Brazil, 1 d , 1 $ . Exp. 68 millim. Type f in Coll. Staud- 
inger ; type catenata in Mus. Oxon. 

*1429. Opharus flavostrigata. 

Phegoptera flavostrigata, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 294 (1855) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 

Head and thorax pale purplish brovni ; the vertex of head, shoulders 



I 



OPBARUS. 127 

patagia, and metathorax with orange spots ; abdomen black, with 
subdorsal series of orange spots and lateral series of points. Fore 
wing pale purplish brown ; a blackish patch at base of costa, with 
one orange basal and two subbasal spots on it ; antemedial, post- 
medial, and subtermiual series of orange spots on blackish bands, 
the 1st excnrved below costa, the 2nd from costa to vein 4 and 
with the spots on that part obsolete, the last angled inwards below 
costa, then slightly incurved ; a medial blackish shade ; a terminal 
series of small black and orange spots on the veins. Hind wing 
pale grey-brown, suffused with blackish to beyond middle except a 
discoidal patch ; a terminal blackish band from costa to vein 3. 

Hah. Bkazil. Eocp. 56 millim. This species is unknown 
to me. 

*1430. Opharus picturata. 

Halesidota picturata, Burm. Descr. Kep. Arg. v. p. 442(1878); Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 212. 

$ . Grey-brown ; palpi black, the base of 1st and 2nd joints 
and a point on the 3rd joint orange ; frons and vertex of head 
with black points ; tegulse and patagia with black points ; 
thorax orange with black dorsal streak; legs brown, the fore 
femora and tibiae fringed with orange, the mid and hind tibiae 
orange at extremity ; abdomen orange, the 2nd segment almost 
entirely black, the terminal segments with dorsal and subdorsal 
black spots ^ the ventral surface whitish with three black streaks. 
Fore wing with six oblique blackish bands with series of pale spots 
on them, the 4th at end of cell attenuate towards inner margin, 
the 6th narrow. Hind wing with traces of three obscure bands, 
the terminal band most prominent. 

Hah. Uruguay, Conchas, Banda Oriental. Eocp. 54 millim. 
This species is unknown to me. 

1431. Opharus depicta. 

Phegoptera depicta, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 292 (1855) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 212. 

$ . Head and thorax grey-white ; frons with lateral crimson 
marks below and a pair of crimson points above it ; vertex of head 
with lateral black and crimson points ; antennae black ; tegulae 
edged with black, crimson below ; patagia with black-edged orange 
stripe ; metathorax with crimson patches ; pectus with small crim- 
son spots ; coxae crimson and black ; legs grey and black ; abdomen 
crimson, with large black-brown patch on dorsum from near base 
to beyond middle and followed by a black point, the extremity grey 
defined by black line, the lateral surface with whitish and black 
patches and black striae, the ventral surface whitish with sublateral 
crimson and black spots. Fore wing white ; the veins black ; the 
markings olive-brown irrorated with white and edged with black ; 
a spot at base of costa ; an antemedial band with irregular edges 
strongly angled outwards on median nervure, then inwards in sub- 



128 ARCTIAD^. 

median fold and ending at vein 1, greyish black-edged spots beyond 
it in submedian interspace and below vein 1 ; a patch from middle 
of costa to above median nervure with irregular edges, constricted 
at subcostal nervure and angled inwards on discal fold ; a post- 
medial series of conjoined somewhat triangular spots, the spot 
above vein 5 with a spot on its inner side, and the spots above 
veins 4 and 2 and above and below 1 with short black streaks from 
them ; a subterminal series of somewhat diamond-shaped spots, the 
spot above vein 6 close to the termen, and the three spots from vein 
4 to 1 obliquely placed from the postmedial series to above tornus, 
the lowest spot lunulate ; a terminal series of small spots on the 
veins. Bind wing fuscous black, with diffused white in the inter- 
spaces towards costa and on terminal area from vein 3 to costa. 

Hah. Brazil, Espiritu Santo, 1 $ ; N. Friburgo, Petropolis. Exp. 
76 millim. 

1432. Opharus nexa. 

Phego'ptera nexa, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 290 (1855) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 212. 
Pheqoptera pimctularis, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 291 (1855) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 
Halesidota jiavopunctata, Wlk. iii. 740 (1855), nee Herr.-Schaff. ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 212. 

(5* . Head and thorax black-brown ; palpi and frons at sides, 
vertex of head, tegulse at extremities, patagia, meso- and metathorax, 
and C0X8B with orange spots, the tegulae and patagia sometimes with 
more or less developed white spots ; abdomen orange, with black- 
brown dorsal patch rounded oft' on 4th segment, the ventral surface 
black-brown with sublateral series of orange points and obscure 
whitish bands on basal segments. Pore wing white, the veins, cell, 
and submedian fold streaked with brown ; a basal brown patch with 
two orange points on it ; an antemedial waved band with small 
orange spots on it, oblique from costa to median nervure and 
strongly incurved in submedian interspace ; a medial patch with 
one or two orange points on it from costa to or to above median ner- 
vure ; a postmedial maculate band with yellow spots on it excurved 
from costa to vein 3, then incurved, often developed into a patch on 
costa, sometimes with two extra yellow points on it, some slight 
streaks from the outer edge of band; an irregular subterminal 
series of brown spots with orange spots on them bent outwards to 
join the terminal band above vein 6 and inwards to the postmedial 
band above vein 3 : a terminal brown band with triangular orange 
spots on the veins. Hind wing semihyaline white, the veins and 
termen pale brown. 

$ , Hind wing more or less completely suffused with fuscous 
brown, leaving white patches below the cell and an irregular sub- 
terminal series. 

Hah. Brazil, 5 d,3 $. Exp., S 48-56, $ 50-62 millim. 
Type t and ty])Q "f punctularis in Coll. Staudinger. 



I 



0PHARU8. HEMIHYALEA. 129 

1433. Opharus astur. 

Noctiia astur, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii, pi. 120, B (1779) ; Draco, Biol. Centr.- 

Am., Ilet. i. p. 99 ; Kirbv, Cat. Het. p. 207. 
Camles albicans, Wlk. iii. 7^0 (1855). 

Carales maculicollis, Wlk. iii. 730 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 207. 
Halisidota pustulata. Pack. Rep. Peabody Acad. i. p. 63 (1869) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 211. 

Head and thorax white ; palpi with black patches on the joints and 
some orange at extremity of 2nd, antennae brown, black points on 
vertex of head, on tegulae, and two on patagia, shoulders with black 
streaks, the patagia and thorax tinged with brown ; legs orange and 
white with some fuscous spots ; abdomen orange with dorsal, two 
lateral, and sometimes a ventral series of black spots. Fore wing 
white, with pairs of irregular dentate brown lines with brown suffu- 
sion between them ; a subbasal pair from costa to submedian fold ; a 
curved antemedial pair, conjoined in cell and submedian fold to 
the medial pair, which are angled inwards to meet them ; a similar 
band at end of cell from costa to median nervure, where it is joined 
to the medial and postmedial pairs of lines ; a similar terminal band, 
narrowing at vein 2 and ending at vein 1 ; short black streaks in 
and below middle of cell and on the base of veins arising from its 
angles. Hind wing semihyaline whitish ; a terminal brown band 
with irregular inner edges narrowing to a point at vein 1, and with 
some obscure whitish spots on it between veins 5 and 2. 

Hah. Mexico (Salle), 2 J , Jalapa (ffoege), 3 c? , 1 5 , Coatepec 
(Brooks), 2 2 } ^era Cruz, 2 (^ , Jalisco (Schumann), 1 2 ? Misantla 
(Trujillo), 2 (5; Guatemala (Rodriguez, Champion), 3 $; Costa 
EiCA (Underwood), 1 $ ; Panama (Ohampion), 3 5 ; Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Colombia (Dohrn), 1 cT ; Venezuela, 1 d* type albicans : 
Brazil, 1 $ type maculicollis, Up. Amazons. Exjy. 50-66 millim. 

1434. Opharus polystrigata, n. sp. (Plate XL. fig. 1.) 

9 . Whitish ; palpi yellow, black at sides towards base ; frons 
and vertex of head with black patches edged with yellow; antennae 
yellow ; tegula? and patagia edged with yellow, the former with 
black patch, the latter irrorated with black ; metathorax edged 
with yellow and with a black spot ; pectus and legs orange tinged 
with brown ; abdomen orange with dorsal, lateral, and ventral series 
of black patches. Fore wing thinly sealed, thickly spotted and 
striated with fuscous brown ; a very obscure subterminal diffused 
whitish line ; the termen pale brown with a series of minute striae 
across the veins. Hind wing semihyaline whitish, the veins brown; 
the terminal area suffused with brown. 

Hab. Bolivia, Chaco (Garlepp), 1 9 type. Exp, 52 millim. 

Genus HEMIHYALEA, nov. 

Type, H. cornea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned, the 2nd joint fringed 
with hair, the 3rd moderate, naked, porrect ; antennae long, with moderate 
branches in male, with short branches in female ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; 

VOL. III. K 



130 



AKCTIAD^. 



abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 
from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 
10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from towards angle of cell; 4,5 
shortly stalked or from cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

A. Abdomen crimson. 

a. Thorax crimson ergana. 

h. Thorax ochreous. 

a}. Hind wing with the inner area suffused with crimson. 

a^. Hind wing without terminal band cornea. 

h^. Hind wing with terminal band on apical half edwardd. 

h^. Hind wing with the inuer area not suffused with 

crimson labecula. 

B. Abdomen orange-red iitica. 

C Abdomen orange. 

a. Fore wing grey, with series of orange spots on dark bands, xanthosticta^ 
h. Fore wing brown, with a few orange spots on dark lines, diminuta. 

c. Fore wing hyaline whitish hyali7ia. 

D. Abdomen whitish alba. 



1435. Hemihyalea ergana. 

tera ergana, Dognin, Le Nat. (2) v. p. 242 (1891) ; id. Lep. Loja, 
pi. 8. f. 19 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 906. 

(S . Head ochreous ; palpi crimson at sides ; vertex of head 
crimson ; tegulse and patagia ochreous, tinged with crimson at 
edges ; thorax and pectus crimson ; legs ochreous ; abdomen crimson 
above, the ventral surface and claspers ochreous. Fore wing 
brownish ochreous, the cell, the greater part of submedian inter- 
space, and base of interspaces beyond the cell hyaline. Hind wing 
hyaline, the veins and margins ochreous. 

2 . Abdomen without crimson on dorsum. 

Hah. Venezuela, Merida ; Ecuadok, Loja ; Bolivia, Chaco, 1 cJ . 
Eccp. 60 millim. Type f in Coll. Dognin. 



1436. Hemihyalea cornea. 

Phcsgoptera cornea, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. ff. 61, 62 (1853) ; 

Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 95 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 
Halesidota onansueta, H. Edw. Papilio, iv. p. 75 (1884) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 213. 
PhcBgoptera rJioda, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xiii. p. 173 (1894) ; id. Biol. 

Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 375, pi. 74. f. 17. 
PJmgoptera daraba, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xiii. p. 173 (1894) ; id. Biol. 

Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 374, pi. 74. f. 15. 




Fig. ^A.— Hemihyalea cornea, S- i- 
Ochreous-brown ; palpi with black marks at sides; antennae 



HEMIHYALEA. 



131 



red-brown ; femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson, the extremity 
and ventral surface ochreous. Fore wing brownish ochreous thickly 
irrorated with brown, some specimens immaculate, some with sub- 
basal, antemedial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal series of 
small black-edged ochreous spots from cell, median nervure, and 
vein 4 more or less developed. Hind wing semihy aline, the termen 
ochreous, the inner area suffused with crimson. 

Ab. 1. mansueta. Fore wing without black edges to the ochreous 
spots, which are more prominent, the subbasal, postmedial, and 
subterminal series being often complete. 

Ab. 2. Darker brown ; fore wing with black edges to the spots, 
which are prominent, the inner area with them well developed. 

Ab. 3. daraha. Fore wing with the whole discal area hyaline, 
the ochreous spots on the marginal areas well developed. 

Ab. 4. rhoda. Fore wing with the whole discal area hyaline, 
the ochreous spots on marginal areas almost obsolete. 

Hab. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo, Hoege), 3 (5,3$, Orizaba, Jalisco ; 
Guatemala {Rodriguez), 4 c? , 1 $ type rhoda; Costa Rica {Under- 
wood), 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Panama, Chiriqui ; Colombia, 
B. Dagua ; Venezuela. Exp., S 52-60, $ 64 millim. 

1437. Hemihyalea edwardsi. 

Halisidota edwardsii, Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Pliilad. iii. p. 129 (1864) ; 
Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. i. p. 88, pL 3. f. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 210. 
Halisidota translucida, Wlk. xxxi. 310 (1865). 
Phcegoptera quercus, Eoisd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xii. p. 81 (1869). 

Head and thorax ochreous ; palpi with the 2nd joint crimson at 
sides ; antennae brown ; patagia with slight black points ; fore 
femora crimson above, the tibiae and tarsal joints ringed with 
fuscous ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal black spots on ter- 
minal segments, the ventral surface ochreous, 4 lateral series of 
black points. Fore wing ochreous, irrorated with fuscous, the disk 
semihyaline ; traces of subbasal, antemedial, two medial and post- 
medial bands forming dark patches on costal and inner areas ; a 
dark terminal band. Hind wing semihyaline, with narrow brown 
tcntiinal band from apex to vein 2 with waved inner edge, the 
inner area tinged with crimson. 

Hab. California, 1 (5* , 1 $ , type translucida, {Matheiu) 1 $ . 
EA'jp. 70 miUim. 

1438. Hemihyalea labecula. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 1.) 

Halesidota labecula, Grrote, Papilio, i. d. 174 (1881); Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 210. 

Head and thorax ochreous brown, palpi with lateral black spots ; 
fore femora crimson above, the base and extremity of tibiae and 
the tarsal joints ringed with black ; abdomen tinged with crimson 
above, with slight dark stripe towards extremity, the anal tufts 
and ventral surface ochreous, a lateral series of black spots. Fore 

k2 



132 ARCTIADJi:. 

wing semihy aline, thickly irrorated with fuscous ; the costal and 
inner areas ochreous : a subbasal dark mark on costa ; traces of 
antemedial, two medial, and postmedial bands forming dark patches 
on the costa and inner margin, where the first three are approxi- 
mated ; an obscure subterminal dentate ochreous line. Hind wing 
seraihyaline, the inner area tinged with ochreous ; the termen dark 
towards apex. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado (Gocherell), 1 $, New Mexico. Exp. 
64 millim. 

Subsp. 1. mansueta, Druce. Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 94, pi. 10. f. 1 
(nee H. Edw.). 

5 . Head and thorax grey-brown ; patagia with black stripes 
and spot ; abdomen with black dorsal bands on terminal segments. 
Fore wing greyer, with the markings darker, a black spot at origin 
of vein 2 ; a black line on discocellulars and base of vein 5 on a 
dark discoidal patch ; a darker terminal band. Hind wing with 
more brown on termen. 

Hah. Mexico, Milpas (Forres), 1 5 j Grodman-Salvin Coll. Exj). 
76 millim. 

1439. Hemihyalea utica. 

Carales utica, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 380, pi. 75. f. 17 (1897). 

Head and thorax brownish grey mixed with black ; antennae, 
femora above, and inner side of hind tibiae and tarsi scarlet ; abdomen 
orange-red, with some dorsal black spots towards extremity, the 
ventral surface greyish with black bands. Fore wing pale brown 
thickly striated with black ; a short orange-red fascia at base of 
inner margin ; a yellowish-white patch on costa near base conjoined 
to an antemedial spot below the cell ; the discal area with patches 
of hyaline between the black striae, especially beyond the cell, where 
they form an obscure postmedial line ; a diffused discoidal black 
spot ; a subterminal series of obscure hyaline lunules : a terminal 
series of Avhite points. Hind wing semihyaliue, the inner area 
clothed with orange-red hair ; a brownish discoidal spot and broad 
terminal band with some hyaline marks near apex and white points 
beyond them on the cilia. 

Hah. Mexico, Orizaba, 1 J. Exp. 56 millim. Type f in Coll. 
Schaus. 

1440. Hemihyalea xanthosticta, u. sp. (Plate XXXVIII. fig. 5.) 

Head and thorax fuscous ; sides of frons, back of head, and base 
of patagia with orange spots ; neck and coxae orange ; abdomen 
orange, with dorsal series of black spots, the ventral surface black 
with sublateral series of orange spots. Fore wing slate-grey ; the 
veins, cell, and submedian fold with blackish streaks ; a subbasal 
orange spot on fuscous patch ; curved antemedial and sinuous 
postmedial bands with series of orange spots on the veins ; a rather 
irregular subterminal dark line angled inwards above vein 5 and 



HEMIHTALEA. — PSEUDOPHARITS. 133 

bent outwards to tornus. Hind wing fuscous, the veins darker ; 
an indistinct curved dark postmedial band. 

Hah. Ecuador, 1 5^ ; Brazil, Casa Branca, Rio Janeiro (C. BogJc)^ 
Sao Paulo (D. Jones), 2 $ , N. Friburgo, 1 J type, 1 $ . E.vp, 
52 millim. 

1441. Hemihyaiea diminuta. (Plate XXXYIII. fig. 19.) 
Halesidota diminuta, Wlk. iii. 741 (1855) ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. p. 212. 

<5 . Head and thorax brown ; basal joint of antennae, back of 
head, and patagia with small orange spots ; coxa) orange ; abdomen 
orange, with dorsal series of black spots, the ventral surface brown, 
with the anal tuft orange. Fore wing brown, an orange point at 
base ; antemedial, postmedial, and subterminal minutely waved 
dark lines with series of orange spots on them, the 1st angled in 
cell and with a double spot on vein 1 only, the 2nd excurved 
beyond lower angle of cell, and the spots obsolescent towards costa, 
the last with some of the spots often obsolete. Hind wing paler 
brown. 

Hah. Brazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 S type. Exp. 44 millim. 

1442. Hemihyaiea hyalina. 

Phcsgoptera hyalina, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) iv. p. 87 (1889) ; id. Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 375, pi. 74. f. 16 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 

2 . Head and thorax yellowish white ; antennae ochreous ; 
abdomen white, the hair on dorsum pale orange. Wings hyaline ; 
fore wing with the costal and inner areas clothed with white scales ; 
both wings with the cilia white. 

Hah. Mexico, Guerrero {H. H. Smith), 1 $ type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 62 millim. 

1443. Hemihyaiea alha. 

Phcsgoptera alha, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 95, pi. 10. f. 9 (1884) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 214. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen dirty white ; antennae orange. 
Fore wing semihyaline white, the veins and margins with some- 
what silky white streaks. Hind wing hyaline, the veins and 
termen clothed with white scales. 

Hah. Mexico, Hidalgo {TrvjiUo), 1 $, Orizaba; Guatemala 
(^Rodriguez), 1 5 , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Panama, Chiriqui, type t 
in Coll. Staudinger. 

Genus PSEUDOPHARUS, nov. 

Type, P. amata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex oi" bead, the 
8rd joint short, porrect ; antenna; of female with short branches ; head and 
thorax clothed with rough hair ; tibiae with the spurs short ; abdomen dorsally 
clothed with hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 
5 from just above angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. 
Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from angle of cell ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 from near angle of cell. 



134 



ARCTIAD^. 



*1444. Pseudopharus amata. 

karus amata, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) vi. p. 67 (1900). 




Fig. 85. — Fseudophanis amata, $ . x* 

$ . Head and thorax dull black ; abdomen orange, banded with 
black, the hair at base black, the ventral surface black. Fore wing 
olive-yellow tinged with fuscous, especially on terminal half ; the 
veins black : a fuscous discoidal shade. Hind wing dull black, 
with some hyaline in and below cell. 

Ilab. Venezuela, Merida (Biiceno), typef $ in Coll. Druce. 
Eccj). 50 millim. 



Genus AMASTUS. 

Type. 

Amastus, Wlk. iii. 723 (1855) coUaris. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi upturned, the 2nd joint not reaching vertex 
of head, the 3rd porrect ; antennce of male bipectinate, with moderate 
branches ; tibise with the spurs moderate ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough 
hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from 
angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 free. Hind wing with vein 
3 from well before angle of cell; 4, 5 from angle; 6, 7 from upper angle; 
8 from beyond middle of cell. 

A. Abdomen black, crimson at base and extremity. 

a. Fore wing with series of white spots adela. 

h. Fore wing with subcostal white fascia , bauds. 

B. Abdomen grey-brown, with black bands on terminal 

segments phcsosoma. 

C. Abdomen dorsally crimson towards base. 

a. Patagia with white spots albipujicta. 

b. Patagia without white spots. 

d^. Abdomen without lateral series of black and white 
spots. 
«'. Patagia not edged with white above. 
a^. Patagia with black stripe. 

a*. Fore wing with maculate brown postmedial 

band .. maculicincta. 

b^. Fore wing without maculate brown postmedial 

band onesorhoda. 

b^. Patagia without black stripe, 
a*. Thorax not crimscm. 

«'. Fore wing dark brown mottled with yellow- 
brown ambrosia. 

W. Fore wing thickly irrorated with black- 
brown erebeUa. 

c^. Fore wing red-brown rufator. 

6'*. Thorax crimson medica. 



AMASTT7S. 135 

b'^. Patagia edged with white above. 

d^. Abdomeu with the terminal segments black and 

white collaris. 

h^. Abdomen with the terminal segments orange... coccinator, 
6\ Abdomen with lateral series of black and white spots. 
d^. Patagia grey; abdomen without dorsal blackish 

patch suffusa. 

b"^. Patagia white. 

a^. Abdomen with dorsal blackish patch cymothoe. 

b'\ Abdomen without dorsal black patch rhodator. 

D. Abdomen orange or orange-red. 

a. Abdomen with lateral series of black and white spots... minerva, 

b. Abdomen without lateral black and white spots. 
a^. Patagia whitish with orange stripe. 

d^. Thorax with dorsal white stripe aconia. 

b'. Thorax without dorsal white stripe persimilis. 

/>' . Patagia uniform whitish ; thorax with black stripe, elongata. 
ci. Patagia grey-brown with orange stripe. 

a^. Thorax with dorsal grey stripe ochraceator. 

b'^. Thorax without dorsal stripe coprophora. 

d^. Patagia uniform orange. 

a^. Fore wing not semihyaline, a pale postmedial line. alsa. 

b'^. Fore wing semihyaline except terminal area, no 

postmedial line conspicica, 

E. Abdomen brown tumbilla. 

F. Abdomen brownish white ; thorax crimson ... Jiyalina. 

*1445. Amastus adela. (Plate XLIV. fig. 12.) 
Amastus adela, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 267 (1901). 

c?. Black-brown; palpi crimson, the 3rd joint black with white 
tip ; f rons pinkish white ; shaft of antennae and streaks behind 
them crimson ; stripes on tegulae, patagia, and thorax white tinged 
with crimson ; pectus wich crimson lateral stripes ; legs banded with 
crimson and whitish ; abdomen with crimson lateral and sublateral 
stripes, the terminal segments crimson with dorsal blackish spots. 
Fore wing with crimson marks at base ; a subbasal crimson-tinged 
spot below costa ; antemedial elongate spots above and below sub- 
costal nervure and vein 1 and a round spot below cell ; elongate spots 
in and above end of cell ; a white discoidal spot ; a postmedial series 
of spots which are small and curved round end of cell, then larger 
and oblique ; a subterminal series of elongate spots formed of two 
conjoined series. Hind wing with a slight crimson tinge at base ; 
a subterminal series of five white spots between veins 7 and 2. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana, type t cT in Coll. Schaus. Exit. 50 
millim. 

1446. Amastus baucis. 

Charidea bauds, Dalm. Anal. Ent. p. 50 (1823) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 906. 
Glaucopis bombycina, Perty, Del. Anim. Art. Bras. p. 158, pi. 31. f. 13 
(1834) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 178. 

$ . Head and thorax crimson ; antennae and patches on tegulae 
black ; patagia black with white stripe angled in front ; legs banded 
with black ; abdomen black, with some crimson at base and the 
terminal segments crimson ; a sublateral stripe white anteriorly. 



136 AECTIAD^. 

crimson posteriorly ; wings black-brown. Fore wing with a sub- 
costal white stripe from base tapering to middle, obsolescent and 
crimson on underside ; cilia tipped with white. 

Hah. Cuba; Brazil, Para, 1 $ ; Bolivia, Bueyes. Exp. 60 
millim. 

1447. Amastus phseosoma, n. sp. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 10.) 

$ . Head and thorax ochreous, largely mixed with dark brown ; 
palpi at sides, antennae, a line across tegulae, and streaks on patagia 
black ; abdomen pale greyish brown, the hair at base rather browner, 
the terminal segments with black segmental lines, the anal segment 
black, a lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface suffused with 
fuscous. Fore wing grey-brown, thickly irrorated, striated and 
suffused with black ; a black mark below base of cell and short 
streak in submedian fold ; black marks at angles of cell ; a strongly 
dentate blackish subterminal line diffused on inner side and with 
grey on its outer edge tow^ards costa. Hind wing semihyaline 
greyish brown, the apical area and cilia rather browner. 

Hah. Peetj, Quito {/Soderstrom), 1 $ type. Ex^j. 78 millim. 

1448. Amastus albipuncta, n. sp. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 8.) 

(5 . Head and thorax black-brown ; sides of frons above with 
deep crimson spots, back of head crimson ; tegulse with crimson 
points in front and edged with crimson behind ; patagia with 
crimson points ; tegulse with small white spots and patagia with 
large spots on shoulders and three small spots ; coxae dull crimson ; 
abdomen dull crimson above, the ventral surface black, emitting 
lateral triangular marks into crimson area, with white lateral and 
sublateral points on them, subventral crimson patches and some 
white on medial line, claspers edged with crimson. Fore wing 
reddish brown, the veins with dark streaks : a crimson point at base ; 
an antemedial blackish line oblique from costa to submedian fold, 
where it is angled ; a medial band expanding widely towards costa ; 
a slight striga in end of cell ; a band just beyond the cell expanding 
into a patch on costa and strongly incurved below vein 4 ; the post- 
medial line slightly incurved above inner margin ; a dentate sub- 
terminal line strongly excurved between veins 6 and 7, a terminal 
series of yellowish points on the veins. Hind wing semihyaline 
whitish, the veins and marginal areas brown. 

Hah. Venezuela, 1 (5 type. E.vj). 82 millim. 

1449. Amastus maculicincta, n. sp. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 4.) 

c^ . Head whitish ; palpi black-brown; antennae, tegulae, and 
patagia pale brown : neck and edges of tegulae deep crimson, 
patagia with black stripes ; thorax deep crimson ; legs brown ; 
abdomen brown, dorsally deep crimson towards base and with 
blackish bands towards extremity, subdorsal whitish stripes 
and a lateral series of black points. Fore wing whitish and reddish 
brown ; a curved antemedial black band with pale edges ; a similar 



AMASTUS. 



137 



broad oblique medial band from subcostal ncrvure to inner mar^n, 
towards which it is obsolescent and includes a black discoidal 
lunule ; a black-edged red-brown maculate postmedial band, ex- 
curved from costa to vein 4, then oblique ; a diffused dentate 
subterminal black line with red-brown point on it below costa. 
Hind wing pale semihyaline, the veins and marginal areas tin<2jed 
with yellow-brown. 

Hah. Bolivia, Chaco {GarJepp), 1 S type. E.vp. 66 millim. 

1450. Amastus mesorhoda. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 11.) 

Amastus mesorhoda, Wlk. vii. 1704 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 213. 

Head and thorax grey-brown ; antennsB pale red-brown ; palpi 
and back o£ head black ; tegulse with black band, dark brown at 
tips ; patagia with black stripe ; pectus mixed with red-brown hair : 
abdomen black, dorsally clothed with pale crimson hair to beyond 
middle, the extremity and ventral surface grey-brown. Fore wing 
with the disk semihyaline, thickly irrorated with fuscous black 
scales ; the veins, costal, inner, and terminal areas brown irrorated 
with dark brown : the discocellulars blackish with whitish mark 
above them on costa ; an obscure irregular subterminal line with 
blackish suffusion on its inner side. Hind wing pale semihyaline 
brown. 

Hab. Colombia, Bogota, type t in Mus. Oxon. Exp. 66-70 
millim. 

*1451. Amastus ambrosia. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 2.) 

Phagoptera ambrosia, Druce, P. Z, S. 1890, p. 498 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 214. 

2 . Head and thorax dark brown mixed with black and pinkish ; 
abdomen black, the dorsum clothed with crimson hair, the two sub- 
terminal segments with crimson dorsal bands and the terminal with 
a pair of spots. Fore wing dark brown, mottled and striated with 
pale yellow-brown ; the veins black ; an irregularly dentate sub- 
terminal fine yellow line, the area beyond it reddish brown. Hind 
wing semihyaline brown, with a series of obscure dentate yellowish 
marks on termen. 

Ilab. Colombia, Antioquia, Frontino {Salmon), type t $ in Coll. 
Druce. Exp. 88 millim. 

1452. Amastus erebella. 

Lophocampa erebella, Maass. Stiibel's Eeisen S. Amer., Lep. p. 131, pi iv, 
f. 29 (1890) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 906. 

9 . Head and thorax pale and dark brown ; patagia tipped with 
crimson ; pectus and coxge with some crimson hair ; abdomen brown, 
dorsally clothed with pale crimson hair towards base. Fore wing 
hyaline, thickly irrorated with dark brown scales. Hind wing 
hyaline, sparsely clothed with brownish-white scales, the inner 
area with brown hair. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota, 1 5 . Exp. 60 millim. 



138 



AECTIAD^. 



1453. Amastus mfator. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 12.) 
Halesidota rufator, Wlk. xxxi. 312 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 213. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen red-brown ; pectus tinged with 
vinous red ; sides of thorax and the hair at base of abdomen pink. 
Fore wing red-brown, thickly scaled ; an obscure waved subterminal 
line. Hind wing pale brownish semihyaline, the cilia darker. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota (Stevens)^ 1 $ type. Exj^. 68 millim. 

*1454. Amastus medica. 

Pkcegoptera medica, Dognin, Le Nat. (2) v. p. 242 (1891); id. Lep. Loja, 
pi. 8. f. 18 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 906. 

2 . Head dark brown, the vertex crimson ; tegulae and patagia 
olive-yellow, the former dark at sides ; thorax and pectus crimson- 
red ; legs dark brown ; abdomen crimson above, with dark brown 
bands on terminal half, and the ventral surface dark brown. Fore 
wing dark red-brown ; a blackish discoidal mark and curved diffused 
postmedial band with slight olive-yellow marks at costa and inner 
margin. Hind wing pale red-brown and thinly scaled, darker 
towards term en. 

Bah. EcuADOE, Loja. Kvj). 72 millim. Type t in Coll. Dognin. 

1455. Amastus coUaris. 

Ph(egoptera collaris, Herr.-SchajBf. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 65 (1853) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 213. 




Fig. 86. — Amastus collaris, (^ . \. 



(5 . Head and thorax orange-brown ; 2nd and 3rd joints of palpi 
and antennae black ; frons white ; tegulae and shoulders with broad 
white band, patagia edged with white above ; legs brown, the 
femora fringed with white ; abdomen salmon-pink, the last four 
segments at sides and the terminal segment above black, banded 
with white, the ventral surface white, claspers fulvous. Fore 
wing orange-brown, the whole discal area semihyaline; a somewhat 
darker discoidal patch ; an obscure highly sinuous subterminal pale 
line. Hind wing hyaline, the veins, inner area, and termen tinged 
with brownish. 



I 



AMASTUS. 139 

2 . Abdomen with the last four segments black above, slightly 
suffused with white, the anal segment white. 

Ifah. Venezuela, 1 c^ , 2 $ . Evp., J 66, $ 76 millim. 

Subsp. 1. Abdomen with orange dorsal patch on subterminal 
segment. 

Hah. Colombia, Coll. Schaus. 

1456. Amastus coccinator. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 3.) 

Phigffoptera coccinator, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 267 (1901). 

(5 . Head deep crimson ; palpi brown in front and at tips ; frons 
white : antennae black ; tegulte and patagia bright chestnut, the 
front of tegulae crimson, followed by a white band extending across 
patagia, which have a white stripe on upper margin ; thorax crimson ; 
legs brown and white, the femora crimson above ; abdomen orange- 
fulvous, dorsally clothed with crimson hair to near extremity, the 
ventral surface w^hite. Fore wing semihyaline chestnut, the inner 
margin white ; traces of a pale diffused subterminal band slightly 
angled at vein 7. Hind wing hyaline, the veins pale brown ; the 
inner area sparsely clothed with pink hair, the terminal area with 
pale brown scales. 

Hab. Colombia, type t in Coll. Schaus ; Venezuela, Merida, 1 $ ; 
Bolivia, Chaco. Exp. 74 millim. 

1457. Amastus suffasa. 

Phcggoptera sufusa, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Sclimett. f. 67 (1853); 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 214. 

$ . Head, tegulae, and patagia grey-brown ; 3rd joint of palpi 
and antenna) blackish, neck with crimson ring, the tips of tegulse 
and stripes on patagia orange-brown edged with black ; thorax 
crimson ; legs grey-brown, with tufts of dull crimson hair on coxae ; 
abdomen orange, the hair on dorsum crimson, a lateral series of 
black-edged grey spots except towards base, the spot on terminal 
segment elongate, the ventral surface grey-brown. Fore wing 
ochreous suffused with ferruginous brown, the veins darker; an 
obscure antemedial blackish band dilated and angled in cell and 
with waved edges ; a similar medial band, dilated from costa to 
median nervure ; a dark mark beyond discocellulars ; a double- 
waved curved postmedial line filled in with ochreous ; a pale 
dentate subterminal line. Hind wing brownish semihyaline, the 
marginal areas more thickly scaled. 

Hab. Costa Eica {Rogers), 2 2 ^ Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Vene- 
zuela. Ea?}). 2 78-84 millim. Type f in Coll. Staudinger. 

1458. Amastus cymothoe. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 6.) 
Amastus cymothoe, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xvi. p. 37 (1895). 

S . Head white, palpi crimson at base, black at sides, sides of 
frons and vertex of head brown and black ; antennae black ; 



140 ARCTTAD^. 

tegulae aud patagia white, the former with brown and black 
patches, the latter wath brown and black streaks ; thorax 
brown ; pectus and legs brown and white, the coxae with crimson 
tufts ; abdomen crimson with black bands, the hair on dorsum 
brown, a lateral series of black and white triangular spots, the 
ventral surface white. Fore wing hyaline ; the veins with black 
points ; the costal and inner margins white with four black spots ; 
an indistinct waved subterminal line, the apex fuscous. Hind 
wing hyaline, clothed with white scales towards margins ; a dark 
mark on costa towards apex ; cilia fuscous with white points. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota, 2 cT ; Bolivia, typef in Coll. Druce. 
Exp. 62 millim. 

1459. Amastus rhodator, n. sp. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 13.) 

2 . Head white ; palpi and antennae brown ; tegulae white with 
blackish edges, neck and underside of tegulse crimson ; patagia 
white with black-edged orange stripe ; thorax brown and grey ; legs 
grey-brown, the coxa) crimson ; abdomen dorsally crimson, with 
lateral series of black and white spots, the ventral surface grey- 
brown. Fore wing semihyalinc, wdth sparse fuscous scales ; the 
inner and terminal areas more thickly scaled ; the inner margin 
white ; the veins brown ; a dentate white subterminal line. Hind 
wing semihyaline, the veins and margins brownish. 

Hah. Bolivia, Chaco {Garlepp), 1 $ type. Eccp. 72 millim. 

J 460. Amastus minerva. 

PJiceyoptera minerva, Dognin, Le Nat. (2) v. p. 242 (1S91); id. Lep. Loja, 
pi. 8. f. 16 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 907. 

Head orange-brown variegated with black, and with grey on 
frons and between antennae, which are black ; tegulae orange-brown 
with black-edged white spots ; patagia with orange-brown stripe 
edged by black, then white, their edges fuscous ; thorax and pectus 
orange-brown ; legs striped white and brown ; abdomen orange-red, 
with prominent lateral series of wedge-shaped black-edged white 
spots, the ventral surface white with paired series of black-edged 
brown spots. Fore wing pale brown, thinly scaled, the veins black ; 
a white point and orange-brown spot at base ; an antemedial white 
line angled inwards on subcostal and outwards on median nervure 
and vein 1, and defined on each side by fuscous, broadly towards 
costa; an oblique sinuous medial white band: a slightly waved 
postmedial line incurved below vein 5 ; a lunulate subterminal line 
with fuscous mark on it below apex, and some whitish streaks on 
veins beyond it; a terminal black line and white points on veins. 
Hind wing pale semihyaline brownish; a terminal black line on 
apical half. 

Hah. Colombia ; Ecuador, Loja ; Bolivia, E.. Tanampaya, 1 c? , 
Eccp. 70 millim. Type in Coll. Dognin. 



AMASTF8. 141 

14G1. Amastus aconia. 

Ph(egoptera aconia, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Sclmiett. f. 64 (1853) ; 
Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 95 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 213. 

Head and thorax white; palpi grey, the 1st joint fringed with 
orange hair ; antennae black ; sides of frons, neck, extremity of 
tegulae, and stripes on patagia and thorax orange ; pectus orange ; 
femora whitish, tibiae and tarsi brown ; abdomen orange, the 
ventral surface white, except claspers of male. Fore wing pale 
semihyaline brown, veins 1 to 7 and the submedian fold and fold in 
cell with dark streaks ; a pale waved subterminal line. Hind wing 
semihyaline whitish, more thickly scaled towards margins. 

Hah. Costa Rica ( Van Paten, Underiuood), 2 c? , 3 $ , Godman- 
Salvin Coll. ; Colombia, Bogota, 1 $ ; Venezuela ; Ecuadoe, Loja ; 
Peed, Callanga. E.vj). 94 millim. 

1462. Amastus persimilis, n. sp. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 14.) 

2 . Head and thorax orange-fulvous ; palpi with the extremity 
of 2nd and the 3rd joints blackish ; frons white ; antennae blackish, 
white above ; tegulae and shoulders with white band edged by black 
lines ; patagia with grey-white edges ; legs grey- white ; abdomen 
orange, the ventral surface white. Fore wing pale reddish brown, 
thinly scaled, the veins blackish ; the base obliquely grey-white ; an 
indistinct pale curved subterminal line. Hind wing pale brownish 
semihyaline, rather more thickly scaled towards termen. 

Bah. Ecuadoe, Loja, 6000 feet, 1 $, type. E,vjj. 84 millim. 

1463. Amastus elongata. 

Lopkocampa elongata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 101. f. 5 (1874) : Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 211. 

Yellowish white ; palpi, frons, antennae, a stripe on vertex of 
thorax, and upperside of legs black ; abdomen dorsally orange, a 
slight lateral black line. Fore wing with the costal edge black 
towards base ; a broad antemedial pale brown band from below 
costa to inner margin, joined in submedian fold by an oblique 
narrower band from costa above end of cell ; a slightly sinuous 
postmedial band with waved edges ; a terminal band with irregularly 
waved inner edge. Hind wing with some brown suffusion on 
terminal area. 

Hab. Cayenne, type t in Coll. Eothschild ; Bea.zil, Castro Parana, 
1 (S • Eicp' 64 milhm. 

1464. Amastus ochraceator. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 5.) 

Halesidota ochraceator, Wlk. xxxi. 310 (1864) ; Druce, Biol, Centr.-Am., 
Het. i. p. 95 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 213. 

Head and thorax grey, antennae black : 1st joint of palpi, sides 
of frons, neck, edge of tegulae, and stripes on patagia and thorax 



142 ARCTIADiB. 

orange-fulvous ; pectus fulvous ; legs grey ; abdomen orange-fulvous, 
the ventral surface grey. Fore wing pale purplish brown, thinly 
scaled ; veins 1 to 6 and the fold in cell and submedian fold with 
dark streaks ; the terminal area rather darker with a pale waved 
submedial line. Hind wing brownish semihyaline, more thickly 
scaled towards margins. 

The form from Ecuador is darker. 

Hah. Mexico, Orizaba {Botteri), 1 $ type, Misantla {Trujillo), 
1 $ ; Guatemala (67mw?23*0)i), 4 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Ectjadoe, 
Loja ; Bolivia, Chaco. Exp. 92 millim. 

1465. Amastus coprophora. 

Phcsgoptera coprophora, Herr.-ScLaif. Aussereur. Scbmett. f. 63 (1853) \ 
Kirbj, Cat. Ilet. p. 213. 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen fulvous yellow ; palpi brown ; 
antennae black ; frons, front of tegulae, and edges of patagia pale 
brown ; legs and ventral surface of abdomen pale brown. Fore 
wing pale red-brown, the inner area yellowish ; the veins rather 
dark ; a pale sinuous postmedial line. Hind wing semihyaline 
white, tinged with brownish ochreous towards termen. 

Hah. Venezuela, 1 S co-type. Exp. 70 millim. Type t in ColL 
Staudinger. 

1466. Amastus alsa. (Plate XXXIX. fig. 9.) 
Phcsgoptera alsa, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 497 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 207. 

$ . Yellow-brown ; antennae with the shaft blackish. Fore wing 
thinly scaled and thickly irr orated with small black scales ; a very 
indistinct pale curved subterminal line expanding into a very obscure 
spot on vein 5. Hind wing with the basal half semihyaline. 

Hah. Dominica (Angas), type t $ in Coll. Druce. Exp. 58 
millim. 

*1467. Amastus ? conspicua. 

Lophocamp>a conspiata, Maass. Stiibel's Eeisen S. Amer., Lep. p. 131, pi. 4. 
f. 31 (1890) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 906. 

(5 . Ochreous brown, irrorated with dark scales. Fore wing 
semihyaline, except the costa, inner margin, and terminal area. 
Hind wing semihyaline, with a dark irrorated ochreous-brown apical 
patch narrowing from costa to a point at submedian fold. 

Uab. Peeu, Chacapoyas. Exy. 68 millim. This species is un- 
known to me. 

*1468. Amastus tumbilla. (Plate XL. fig. 13.) 

Phcsgoptera tmnbilla, Dognin, Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xli. p. 25 (1897). 

(S . Head and thorax chestnut-brown ; upper part of frons 
orange ; patagia with orange streak ; abdomen darker, with the 
hair at base chestnut ; a lateral series of orange points and some 



AMASTTTS. HYALAKCTIA. 



143 



orange hair in anal tuft. Fore wing pale red-brown, thinly scaled. 
Hind wing hyaline, very slightly tinged with brown. 

Hab. EcuADOK, Lqja, typet 6 in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 56 millim. 

*1469. Amastus hyalina. 

Thmaoiptefa hyalina, Dognin, Le Nat. (2) iii. p. 14 (1889) ; id. Lep. Lqja, 
p."'50, pi. 4. f. 9 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. pp. 213, 906. 

(5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen brownish white ; palpi crimson 
at sides ; antennae yellow except at base ; neck with crimson ring ; 
tegulae edged with orange ; patagia with orange streaks ; thorax 
crimson above ; pectus with crimson patches and streaks in front ; 
abdomen tinged with fuscous towards extremity. Fore wing 
hyaline, the veins yellowish, the inner margin whitish. Hind 
wing hyaline, the veins yellowish ; the inner area sparsely clothed 
with whitish hair. 

Hah. EcuADOK, Loja. Exp. 72 millim. Type f in Coll. Dognin. 



Genus HYALARCTIA, nov. 

Type, H. sericea. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi short, upturned ; antennte of male with 
short branches ; tibije with the spurs short, the fore tibire with curved apical 
claw. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 
6 from below upper angle; 7,8,9 stalked; 10, U free. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 from towards end of cell, not reaching costa. 



1470. Hyalarctia sericea. 

Hyalarctia sericea, Schaiis, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 268 (1901). 




Fig. 87. — Hyalarctia sericea, S • x* 

Yery pale yellow ; palpi blackish with white bands ; antennae 
with the branches brownish ; patagia with black points ; fore coxae 
orange with black patches ; femora orange above, with black spots 
at extremity ; tore tarsi banded with fuscous. Eore wing very pale 
semihyaline silky yellow, the veins darker ; an orange point at base- 
Hind wing yellowish white. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana (Jones), 1 6 • Exp., c? 42, $ 50 
millim. Type t in Coll. Schaus. 



144 ARCTIAD^:. 

Genus PSYCHOPHASMA. 

Type. 

Psi/ckophasma, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1878, p. 51 erosa. 

Probospis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head, the 1st 
and 2nd joints broadly scaled, the 3rd naked ; anteange long, bipectinate in male 
with moderate branches, in female with very short branches ; tibiae with the 
spurs short ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair towards base. Fore 
wing with the costa arched towards apex which is produced and acute ; the 
termen excised to vein 4, where it is strongly angled and produced to slight 
points at \ eius 6 and 3 ; vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 
6. 7, 8, V). 10 stalked, 6 from after 10 and strongly curved at base; 11 free. 
Hind wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 strongly stalked ; 6, 7 
shortly stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 

1471. Psychophasma erosa. 

HaJesidota erosa, Herr.-Schaif. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 550 (1858) ; Druce, 

Biol. Centr.-Ara., Het. i. p. 101 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 194. 
Halesidofa albidator, Wlk. xxxi. 313 (1864). 
Halesidota vitripennis, Wlk. Char. Lep. Het. p. 12 (1869). 

Hend and thorax pale brownish grey ; palpi and frons black, the 
former with orange patches at sides and white at extremities of 




Fig. 88. — Psi/chophasma erosa, S. \. 

joints, the latter orange below ; antennae brown ; vertex of head 
and te^ulae with pairs of black points ; tegulae and metathorax edged 
with white ; coxae with some fulvous hair, femora striped with 
black, tibi;e and tarsi black striped with white ; abdomen dorsally 
fuscous with segmental whitish lines, the hair towards base brown, 
a lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface grey-brown. 
Tore wing brownish white, semihynline except the marginal areas ; 
basal and subbasal blackish marks on costa, the latter with two 
points below it : antemedial pairs of points on costa, subcostal and 
median nervures, and vein 1 ; a medial black patch on costa ; two 
black streaks on inner area from middle to near termen ; a pale 
brownish discoidal spot ; postmedial and subterminal series of black 
points on the veins and a longer streak on vein 5 ; the terminal 
brownish band with crenulate inner edge with white marks on it, 
expanding at apex with some white streaks on it. Hind wing 
semiityaline whitish, the inner area clothed with brownish hair. 

B<if). Guatemala (Rodriguez), 1 2 5 Costa Rica (Undenuood), 
2 9 ; Panama, Chiriqui (Kihhe), 1 cS , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Ecuador, 
Parayjicu (Buckley), 4 c? ; Beazil, 1 c5" , type $ vitripennis, Amazons, 
li. Juruji (Trail), 1 (S , Ega (Bates), type J a/hidator. Exp., (S 44, 
2 48 millim. 



THALBSA. HALI81D0TA . 



145 




Genus THALESA. 

Type. 

Thalcaa, Schaus, Journ. N. York Eat. Soc. iv, p. 136 (189G) citrina. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, not reaching vertex of head ; 
antenntu of male bipectinate with moderate branches, of female with short 
branches ; tibije with the spurs moderate ; abdomen dorsally clothed with rough 
hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from 
angle; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell, male with the 
inner margin much lobed. Hind wing with the cell long ; vein 2 from long 
before angle ; 3 and 5 from angle, 4 absent ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 rarely 
present as a short spur not reaching costa. 

1472. Thalesa citrina. 

Phalcena citrina, Sepp, Ins. Surinam, pi. 53 (1848) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 208. 
Charidea seruba, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 280 (1855) ; Druce, 

Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 93 (part.) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 208. 

S . Yellow ; head and thorax slightl)'^ marked with brown ; legs 
with fuscous streaks ; abdomen whitish below. Fore wing with 

numerous irregularly-waved 
fine brown lines ; the ante- 
medial line defined on outer 
side by a brownish patch 
from costa to median nervure ; 
an oblique, almost straight, 
:dJ), medial line expanding at 

costa and with a silvery spot 

F{^. ^91.- Thalesa citrina, S- 1- heyond it at lower angle of 

cell ; a subterminal black 
point above vein 5 ; the lobe of inner margin dark brown. Hind 
wing yellowish white. 

$ with fine brown line on inner margin. 

If ah. Panama {Champion), 2 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Amazons, 
Kio Purus (TraU), 1 d , Para (Bates), 1 $ . E^cp., c? 30, $ 4a 
millim. 

Larva. Reddish brown ; head crimson with darker sutures ; the 
first two somites with long white forwardly directed hair arising 
from pale tubercles ; the other somites with dorsal and lateral 
brushes of pinkish and brown hair ; some lateral yellow marks ; 
the terminal somite with some long white hair directed backwards, 
and a pair of yellow brushes. Cocoon and pupa brown. Food-plant, 
Inga vera. 

Genus HALISIDOTA. 

Type. 

Halisidota, Hiibn. Verz. p. 170 (1827) tessellaris. 

Lophocampa, Harr. Ins. Mass. p. 259 (1841) carycB. ■ 

Euhalisidota, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 243 (1865)... atomosa. 

Munona, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 233 iridescens. 

Schausia, Dyar, Can. Ent. xxix. p. 212 (1897) (nee Karsch, 

Lep. 1895) argentata. 

Euschausia, Dyar, Can. Ent. xxx. p-. 81 (1898) argentata. 

Proboscis well developed ; palpi upturned and not reaching vertex of head, 
VOL. III. l 



146 



ARCTIADJ^:. 



the 3rd joint minute; antennas of male bipectinate, of female serrate and 
fasciculate ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; abdomen dorsally clothed with 
rough hair at base. Fore wing rather broad, with vein 3 from well before angle 
of cell ; 4, 5 separate at origin ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from 
cell *. Hind wing with the cell long ; vein 2 from long before angle ; 3 from near 
angle ; 4, 5 from angle, shortly stalked or separate ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 
8 usually present as a more or less developed spur, not, or rarely, reaching the 
costa. 



Sect. I. Antennae of male with long branches. 

A. Abdomen black, with the base and extremity crimson... duJcinfieldia. 

B. Abdomen crimson, banded with black notata. 

C. Abdomen without crimson bands or extremity. 

a. Fore wing with prominent series of white spots. 

a^. Vertex of head brown andensis. 

b^. Vertex of head whitish. 

a^. Fore wing wdth the groimd-colour dark. 

a^. Tegulai with central brown spot argentata. 

b^. Tegulae without central brown spot. 

a*. Fore wing with the grouncl-colour dark 

brown ingens. 

¥. Fore wing with the ground-colour blackish, al'ternata. 
6^. Fore wing with the ground-colour yellow cart/cs. 

b. Fore wing without prominent series of white spots. 
a\ Fore wing with obscure series of ]a]-ge white 

spots hicolor. 

b^. Fore wing without series of large white spots. 
a^. Fore wing with the ground-colour bright 
yellow. 

a^. Fore wing with red-brown bauds maculata. 

a*. Patagia with black points ; fore wing with 

the apex not produced alsus. 

b'^. Patagia without black points ; fore wing 

with the apex produced and acute margona. 

P. Fore wing with the ground-colour dull ochreous 
yellow, 

a^. Abdomen suffused with ci'imson above rosetta. 

b^. Abdomen not tinged with crimson. 

a*. Fore wing without subterminal series of 

dentate spots atomosa. 

b*. Fore wing with subterminal series of dentate 
spots. 
«*. Fore wing with oblique series of dark 

marks from below apex to near base . . . lurida. 
6*. Fore wing without oblique series of dark 
marks. 
a^. Hind wing with the inner and 
terminal areas slightly marked with 
fuscous. 
a'. Fore wing with the subterminal 

spots very strongly dentate perdentata. 

b"^. Fore wing with the subterminal 

spots less strongly dentate sablona. 

b^. Hind wing with the terminal area 

suffused with fuscous ; wings narrow, sthenia. 



* In the males of one or two species vein 10 is rarely shortly stalked with 

7. 8, 9. 



HALISIDOTA. . 147 

0^. Hind wing with the inner and ter- 
minal areas ahnost entirely suffused 
with fuscous. 
a^ . Fore wing with the maculate bands 

obscure ; ^ 56 millim hactris. 

l)^. Fore wing with the maculate bands 

clearer ochreous ; (5" 36 millim. ... htiaco. 
d^. Hind wing ochreous brown scripta. 

1473. Halisidota dukinfieldia. (Plate XL. fig. 11.) 

Pygoctenticha dukinfieldia, Schaus, J. N. York Ent. Soc. iv. p. 133 (1896). 

d" . Head crimson; palpi with bands on 1st and 2nd joints and 
the 3rd joint black; antennge black; thorax crimson above, lateral 
patches on teguloe and the patagia black ; pectus black with crimson 
patches in front ; legs banded with crimson ; abdomen with the 
last two segments crimson ; sublateral white points on two sub- 
terminal segments ; wings black with a bluish tinge. 

Hah. Brazil, Sao Paulo, Castro Parana, 1 c? , 1 $ . Exp. 56 
millim. Type t in Coll. Schaus. 

*1474. Halisidota notata. 

Phagoptera notata, Schaus, P.Z. S. 1892, p. 281 ; id. Am. Lep. p. 12, pi. 3. 
f.6. 

Black-brown ; crimson points behind antennae ; sides of tegular 
with pale yellow points, patagia with pale yellow patches ; meta- 
thorax, neck, and fore and hind coxa) with crimson hairs, fore femora 
with crimson patches above ; abdomen with the terminal segments 
dorsally banded with crimson, a sublateral series of pale yellow spots. 
Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and postmedial pale yellow spots 
on costa, a slight streak on inner margin near base, and a postmedial 
point. Hind wing whitish, the veins, costal, inner, and terminal 
areas suffused with black-brown ; a triangular discoidal patch, the 
inner edge of the terminal band irregular. 

Hah. Brazil, Petropolis, type f c? in Coll. Schaus. Eocp. 58 
millim. 

*1475. Halisidota andensis. (Plate XL. fig. 10.) 

LopJiocampa andensis, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 138 (1896). 

S . Head and thorax red-brown mixed with ochreous brown ; 
palpi white below, and orange at sides at extremity of 2nd joint, 
white marks above frons and behind antennae ; tegulae edged with 
white, patagia with white patches ; legs brown and white, fore 
femora orange at sides ; abdomen brown, with slight orange dorsal 
bands on terminal segments, the ventral surface white with some 
brown marks. Fore wing dark brown, thickly irrorated with 
ochreous ; some white marks at base ; an antemedial maculate band 
acutely angled in cell ; a medial series of spots slightly angled on 
median nervure, then oblique ; a spot in end of cell and two points 
on discocellulars, with a spot on costa above them; postmedial and sub- 

l2 



148 . AKCTIAD^. 

terminal series of spots, the former with the spots above veins 4 and 3 
smaller and displaced outwards ; a terminal series of points. Hind 
wing white, with some ochreous and brown spots on terminal two- 
thirds of costal area on underside. 

2 . Abdomen brown and white ; fore wing with hardly any 
ochreous irroration. 

Hab. Colombia, 1 c^ , 1 $ , type t in Coll. Schaus. E.vj)., d 46^ 
2 52 millim. 

1476. Halisidota argentata. 

Halisidota argentata, Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philacl. iii. p. 129 (1864) ; 
Stretch, Zvg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 135, pi. 6. f. 12 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 208. 

Head and thorax yellowish white, palpi brown except at tips ; 
antennae reddish brown, tegulae with brown spots ; patagia edged 
with brown, mesothorax with brown spots ; legs banded with 




Fig. 90. — Halisidota argentata, <5' . \. 

brown ; abdomen yellowish white, more orange on dorsum, some 
sublateral and ventral brown marks. Fore wing dark red-brown^ 
slightly irrorated with white ; some obliquely placed white points at 
base and a short fascia on inner margin ; five yellowish spots on 
costa ; two antemedial white spots in submedian interspace, with 
a point beyond them in cell and a medial spot below the cell; a 
triangular spot in end of cell, and small spots above and below base 
of vein 2 and slight marks on discocellulars ; oblique postmedial and 
subterminal series of spots, the former having the spots above veins 
4, 3, and inner margin smaller ; a terminal series of small triangular 
yellowish-white spots. Hind wing yellowish white, with small 
brown discoidal spot and a spot often bifid at apex ; the underside 
with medial and postmedial spots on costa ; vein 8 represented by 
two spurs not reaching costa. 

Hab. British Columbia : U.S.A., Mountains of California, 1 6 , 
(jrote Coll. Exp., <S 38, $ 60 millim. 

Subsp. 1. suhalpina, French, Can. Ent. xxii. p. 47(1890); Kirby, Cat. Het, 
p. 209. 

Thorax marked with redder brown ; fore wing very thickly irro- 
rated with ochreous white, which becomes the predominant colour 
towards costa and inner margin. 

Hah. U.S.A., Eocky Mts., Colorado, 1 cJ . 



HAJ.1S1D0TA. 149 

Subsp. 2. sohrina. Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 135, pi. 6. f. 10 (1872); 

Kirby, Cat. Ilet. p. 209. 
Fore wing with the ground-colour uniform deep brown; the spots 
smaller. 

Hah. U.S.A., California coast-region. 

1477. Halisidota ingens. (Plate XL. fig. 12.) 

Halisidota ingens, H. Edw. Papilio, i. p. 39 (1881) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 209. 
Halisidota scapularis, Stretch, Ent. Am. i. p. 106 (1885) : Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 209. 

Head, tegulae, and patagia white ; palpi and frons brown ; antennae 
fulvous ; tegulge with brown marks in front, patagia with brown 
band in front and small spot at middle ; thorax orange and brown ; 
pectus and legs white, the latter banded with brown ; abdomen 
orange-yellow above, white below, with sublateral and ventral series 
of brown spots. Pore wing dark brown : some white points at base 
and a short orange and white fascia on iuner margin ; four yellowish- 
white spots on costa ; two conjoined white antemedial spots below 
the cell, with a spot beyond them in cell and another below it ; a 
somewhat quadrate spot in end of cell, a point above base of vein 2 
and spot below it ; oblique postmedial and siibterminal series of 
spots, the former with the spots above veins 4 and 5 wanting or 
replaced by points ; a terminal series of spots. Hind wing white, 
the inner area yellowish ; some subapical spots and some on costal 
area on underside var^dng much in extent. 

Hah. U.S.A., Rocky Mts., Colorado, 1 c?, N. Mexico. Exp.^ 
S 54, $ 62 millim. 



*1478. Halisidota alternata. 

Euhalisidota alternata, Grote, Proc. Eiit. Soc. Philad. vi. p. 318, pi. 5. f. 10 

(1867) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 209. 
Phaqo'ptera alhiguttata, Boisd. Lep. Guat. p. 99 (1870) ; Druce, Biol. 

Centr.-Am., Het. 1. p. 93, pi. 9. f. 27 (1884) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 209. 

(5 . Head and thorax black and white evenly mixed ; antennae 
fulvous ; legs white, banded with black, the femora orange on inner 
side ; abdomen ochreous, sufi'used with fuscous, especially towards 
base of dorsum and on underside. Fore wing black, irrorated with 
white ; some white marks at base ; an antemedial series of three 
spots with a spot just beyond them in cell ; a medial series of four 
spots with some marks beyond it in cell and towards costa, followed 
by another series of five spots ; two discoidal points ; a postmedial 
series of irregular spots, those above veins 4 and 5 smaller and dis- 
placed outwards ; a subterminal series of spots and a terminal series 
of smaller spots. Hind wing white tinged with fuscous, especially 
on inner area ; a discoidal spot and more or less developed patch at 
apex ; a spur from subcostal nervure before vein 8. 



150 ARCTIADiEo 

2 . Hind wing with fuscous patches in cell and subterminal series 
of irregular spots. 

Hab. Cuba; Mexico, Jalapa, Las Vegas, Coll. Schaus; Honduras. 
Esc2^., (^ 48, 2 60 millim. 

1479. Halisidota caryae, 

Lophocampa carya, Harr. Ins. Mass. p. 258 (1841); Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. 

N. Am. p. 140, pi. 6. f. 11 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 208. 
Halisidota atmulifascia, Wlk. iii. 734 (1855). 
Phegoptera porphyrea, Herr.-SchafF. Aussereui-. Schmett. f. 283 (1865). 

Yellow ; 2nd joint of palpi above, a band across frons, and an- 
tennae rufous ; patagia edged with rufous ; tibiae and tarsi banded 
with rufous. Fore wing irrorated and suffused with rufous ; the 
veins streaked with rufous ; a rufous line from base of costa running 
obliquely to vein 1, then up to middle of submedian interspace and 
to inner margin before middle, enclosing a clear yellow patch ; an 
oblique series of antemedial yellow spots from costa to below median 
nervure, with a point below them and one on median nervure nearer 
the base ; an oblique rufous line from costa before middle, towards 
which it expands, along vein 2 to termen, with three spots on its 
outer edge between costa and cell ; two white spots in end of cell 
and two points on discocellulars; oblique postmedial and subterminal 
series of irregular spots, the former series with the spot beyond the 
cell large, the latter with the spot above vein 5 displaced inwards ; 
an oblique streak from costa along vein 6 to termen ; termen and 
inner margin brown ; some white points on cilia. Hind wing semi- 
hyaline yellow, tinged with orange on inner area ; veins 4, 5 from 
cell, 8 a spur. 

Hah, U.S.A. (Douhleday), type annuUfascia, Grote & Zeller Colls. 
Bay,, c? 48, 2 58 millim. 

Subsp. 1. propinqtca, H. Edw. Papilio, iv. p. 76 (1884) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. i. p. 94, ii. p. 374 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 208. 

Antennae darker ; fore wing more irrorated and less suffused with 
rufous, the streaks from costa along veins 2 and 6 very prominent. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (TrujiUo) ; Guatemala {Rodriguez, 
Champion)', Costa Rica {Underivood)^ Godman-Salvin Coll. 

Larva. O. G. Soule, Psyche, vi. p. 158. 

Mature : Head, legs, and ventral surface black ; somites greenish 
white, speckled with black, the 2nd and 3rd somites with two sub- 
dorsal black warts and one on stigmatic line ; 4th to 10th somites 
with pencils of long black hair meeting dorsally and the 4th and 
10th somites with lateral pencils ; some long hair overhanging head 
and some long white hair on sides. Food-plant, Hickory. 

Cocoon formed by a slight silken net with the long hairs laid on 
it longitudinally and the short hair pushed through it and erect. 

Subsp. 2. mixta, Neum. Papilio, ii. p. 133 (1882). 

Pore wing with the spots yellowish, concolorous, defined by 



I 



HALISIDOTA. 151 

brown ; the ground-colour of wing thickly irrorated with brown ; 
the oblique streaks on veins 2 and 6 not prominent. 
Hah. U.S.A., Arizona. 

1480. Halisidota bicolor. (Plate XL. fig. 4.) 

Hcilisidota bicolor, Wlk. iii. 734 (1855) ; Druce, Biol. Oentr.-Am., Het. i. 

p. 93 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 208. 
Euhalisidota pura, Neum. Papilio, ii. p. 133 (1882) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 209. 

Pale ochreous yellow. Fore wing with oblique silvery-white 
patch at base ; two antemedial and a medial series of silvery-white 
spots, the 1st strongly bent inwards to costa, tbe two latter slightly ; 
obliquely placed postmedial spots below costa and above vein 5, 
followed by an oblique series of small lunules from just beyond 
them ; a subterminal series of small lunules ; the apex produced and 
acute. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona ; Mexico, 1 S , type (Hoege), 1 5 , Godman- 
Salvin Coll. E^p., ^ 44, $ 58 millim. 



1481. Halisidota maculata. 

Lophocampa maculata, Harr. Ins. Mass. p. 259 (1841) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 208. 
Halisidota fulvoflava, Wlk. iii. 733 (1855). 
Fhego'ptera guttifera, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 284 (1855). 

Primrose-yellow; vertex of head with brown stripe; patagia 
edged with brown above. Pore wing with red- brown basal spot 
from costa to median nervure ; an antemedial waved band angled 
on median nervure, conjoined below the cell and often in cell to a 
medial band angled inwards in cell and outwards above vein 1 ; a 
postmedial irregular oblique band bent outwards at vein 5, angled 
on vein 2, then confluent with the medial band ; a subterminal 
band with minutely dentate inner edge and strongly dentate outer 
edge, with a series of spots, usually large, in the interspaces beyond 
it. Hind wing pale yellow. 

Hah. Nova Scotia, 1 $ , type fulvoflava ; Atlantic States, 2 S , 
1 $ , Massachusetts, Beverly, 1 § , Grote Coll. Exp., (S 46, $ 54 
millim. 

Larva. Pack. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. viii. p. 67 ; Dyar, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. v. 
p. 132 ; and Psyche, vi. p. 165. 

Stage 2. Head black ; body straw-yellow ; thoracic shield black, 
angulate at sides behind ; tubercles large with numerous spinose 
hairs ; the 1st abdominal somite with large transverse oval black 
spot with a piliferous tubercle on it, and another lateral on same 
somite bearing tufts of black hair ; 6th somite with similar large 
black double wart, and another dorsal on 7th somite with double 
tuft from it ; abdominal somites 2-7 with five black lunate lateral 
warts, and on each of these somites four dark greenish dorsal warts 



152 ARCTIAD^. 

arranged in a trapezoid ; hairs in general pale yellowish ; legs 
blackish. 

Stage 3. Body entirely concealed by hair arranged in dense 
bunches of unequal length, a few long white hairs from Ist and 
3rd somites, the other hairs straw-yellow, except a series of eight 
double median dorsal black tufts, the first and last much larger ; 
a pair of lateral thick black tufts on somites 4 and 11, the tubercles 
from which they arise being surrounded with black, a broad black 
lateral interrupted band connecting these patches. 

Mature : Body blackish, densely covered with deep lemon-yellow 
hairs, longer on the sides ; head black, clypeus and antennae whitish, 
the head with sparse unequal black hair ; abdominal somites with a 
series of eight double dorsal black tufts, the 1st higher and narrower, 
the 7th shorter and wider ; somites 4 and 10 with lateral black 
tufts ; thoracic somites with six long slender w^hite tufts, 7th and 
8th somites with three pairs of similar whitish tufts. Food-plant, 
Poplar, Maple, &c. 

Cocoon thin, of silk and hair, velvety. 

Pupa. Thorax and abdomen enlarged centrally, with a depression 
between them ; ventral side straight, flattened : ends obtuse ; 
abdominal segments fixed ; cremaster of spiny hair. 

Subsp. 1. angulifera, Wlk. Lord's Nat. in Vaucouv. ii. p. .355 (1866) : Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 208. 
Halesidota alni, H. Edw. P. Calif. Acad. vii. p. 129 (1877). 

Imago similar. 

Larva. Dyar, Psyche, vi. p. 32o. 

Young : With tufts of red, instead of black, hair. 

Mature : Head black ; bases of antennte, labium, and a line below 
clypeus yellow ; body black, mottled with yellowish ; warts with 
spreading tufts of feathery hair, on somites 1-5 and 9-12 deep 
black, on somites 6-8 orange-ochreous, the black parts with long 
slender white pencils on somites 2, 3 from warts ii.-v., on somite 4 
from warts i.-v., on somite 5 single hairs from warts iii., iv., on 
somite 9 single hairs from warts ii.-iv., on somite 10 from warts ii., 
iii., v., on somite 11 from warts i., ii., on somite 12 from the large 
and lateral warts. Food-plants, Salix and Alnus. 

Hah. British Columbia {Lord), 1 S type, Fraser Ii. {St. John), 
1 c5' ; VANCorvER I. {Danhy, J. J. Wall^er), 4 (^ , 4 $ ; California, 
Sierra Nevada. 

Subsp. 2. agassizi, Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 128 (1864); Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 207. 
Halesidota calif ornica, Wlk. xxxi. 311 (1864). 
Phegoptera salicis, Boisd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xii. p. 81 (1869). 
Colour rather deeper ; the markings sufi'used by the ground- 
colour, often more or less obsolescent, but leaving a dark discoidal 
spot. 

Rah. California coast-region, 2 J , 2 $ , type, Grotc Coll. 1 d . 



HALISIDOTA. 158 

1482. Halisidota alsus. 

Bomhyx ahiis, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 113. E (1775); Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 208. 
Halisidota pectina, Scliaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 139 (1806); Druce, 

Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 373. 

Ochrcous ; tegulae and patagia with black points ; tibiae and tarsi 
with black bands. Fore wing with outwardly oblique dentate 
fuscous subbasal line ; two antemedial lines bent inwards and with 
some fuscous between them towards costa, with another line not 
bent inwards towards costa and meeting the subbasal line at inner 
margin ; an oblique dentate medial line ; a more or less obscure 
oblique dentate fuscous postmedial band, with small triangular 
white spot on it at lower angle of cell ; two fine dentate postmedial 
lines and two subterminal lines forming somewhat stellate spots, 
with some dark points on termen ; a rufous fascia on inner margin. 
Hind wing semihyaline yellowish white. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Hoege), 1 d , Coatepec (Brooks)^ 1 $ , 
Orizaba; Guatemala {Champion), 1 S -, Colombia, Bogota, 2 d* ; 
Venezuela, 3 $ . Exp., 6 48, $ 52 millim. 

*1483. Halisidota margona. (Plate XL. fig. 5.) 
Halisidota margona, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 139 (1896). 

5 . Fulvous yellow. Fore wing with the inner margin dark 
brown from the slight angle before middle to tornus ; slight groups 
of dark scales on basal, costal, and terminal areas ; an antemedial 
series of dentate spots defined by brownish lines ; a greyish dis- 
coidal spot ; an oblique brownish line from lower angle of cell 
to inner margin ; an oblique postmedial series of obscure dentate 
spots, the one above vein 5 produced inwards to discocellulars, 
and the spots below it resting on the postmedial line ; an obscure 
dentate band beyond it from vein 5 to inner margin, followed by a 
subterminal series of somewhat V-shaped spots. Hind wing pale 
semihyaline j^ellow. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa, typef $ in Coll. Schaus. Exp.^S millim. 

1484. Halisidota rosetta. (Plate XL. fig. 8.) 
Halisidota rosetta, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 139 (1896). 

c^ . Ochreous ; head and front part of thorax suffused with 
brown ; legs striped with brown, the femora crimson above ; abdo- 
men dorsally crimson except at base and extremity. Fore wing 
irrorated with brown scales ; the median nervure and base of veins 
3, 4, 5 streaked with brown ; traces of a postmedial and a more 
distinct subterminal series of brown lunules. Hind wing yellowish 
white. 

Hah. Brazil, Sao Paulo {Jones), 3 ^ . Exp. 46 millim. Type t 
in Coll. Schaus. 



154 ARCTIAD^. 

1485. Halisidota atomosa. 

Halesidota atomosa, Wlk. iii. 746 (1855) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 207. 
EuhaUsidota hixa, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 244, pi. 4. f. 5 

(1865); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 209. 
EuhaUsidota fasciata, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. vi. p. 315, pi. 5. ff. 7, H 

(1867) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 209. 
Halisidota mendax, Moschl. Abhandl. Senck. Ges. xiv. p. 34 (1886) ; Kirby 

Oat. Het. p. 208. 

Bright ochreous ; palpi with black patch on sides of 2nd joint ; 
tegulse with black points ; abdomen dorsally tinged with orange. 
Pore wing irrorated with groups of black scales, some of them 
forming traces of dentate antemedial, postmedial, and subterminal 
lines. 

Hah. Jamaica, 1 $ type, S in Coll. Schaus ; Cuba. Exp., S 36, 
5 42 millim. Type t mendax in Coll. Staiidinger. 



i486. Halisidota lurida. (Plate XL. fig. 19.) 

Halisidota lurida, H. Edw. Ent. Am. iii. p. 91 (1887) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 209. 

Ochreous ; abdomen dorsally tinged with brown. Fore wing 
slightly irrorated with brown ; some slight dentate dark marks in 
the interspaces below costa beyond middle ; an oblique series of 
obscure dentate marks from apex to vein 1 near base ; a subterminal 
series of long dentate marks ; the apex very produced and acute. 
Hind wing with the inner area brown. 

Hah. Mexico, Vera Cruz, Jalapa (Trvjillo), 2 $ , Godman-Salvin 
Coll., Las Vegas ; Colombia. Ewj:). 64 millim. 



*1487. Halisidota perdentata. (Plate XL. fig. 7.) 

Halisidota perdeoitata, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 266 (1901). 

^ . Ochreous. Fore wing irrorated with brown scales, some 
forming traces of an antemedial dentate line, a small annulus below 
the cell near base, and a dentate mark in end of cell ; postmedial 
and subterminal oblique series of irregular very dentate lunules, 
the latter with series of small annuli on their outer edges. Hind 
wing slightly tinged with brown below vein 2 and with traces of 
irregular subterminal line. 

$ with large thick whitish anal tuft ; wings with the markings 
rather more distinct. 

Hah. Mexico, Orizaba, type t in Coll. Schaus. Exj)., 6 42, 2 ^^ 
millim. 

*1488. Halisidota sablona. (Plate XL. fig. 3.) 
EuhaUsidota sablona, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 140 (1896). 

2 . Pale ochreous brown. Fore wing irrorated with black ; traces 
of an antemedial ochreous band, of a medial band from costa to 



HALISIDOTA. 155 

median nervure, and of postmedial and subterminal series of den- 
tate spots. Hind wing ochreous, with irregular fuscous markings 
on terminal area. 

(5 . Fore wing less irrorated with black ; hind wing with dark 
suifusion on inner half of wing. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Paraiia, 1 5 type f in Coll. Schaus. Exp., 
(S 54, 2 62 millim. 

1489. Halisidota sthenia, n. sp. (Plate XL. fig. 6.) 

c? . Brownish ochreous ; palpi brown at sides ; branches of 
antennae brown ; abdomen dark brown on dorsum. Fore wing 
suffused with brown ; some black points near base ; an antemedial 
clearer ochreous band edged by black points oblique from costa to 
median nervure, where it is angled and obsolete below submedian 
fold ; a similar obscure medial band angled at lower angle of cell, 
where there is a black point, and extending to inner margin ; post- 
medial and subterminal series of obscure dark-edged dentate spots ; 
a blackish terminal line. Hind wing pale ochreous ; the terminal 
area fuscous. 

Wings narrow ; hind wing with veins 4, 5 on a long stalk ; 
6, 7 shortly stalked. 

Hab. Bolivia, Eio Songo (Garlepjy), 1 d" type. Exj^. 36 millim. 

1490. Halisidota bactris. 

Noctua bactris, Sepp, Surinam Vhnd. ii. p. 223, pi. 100 (1848); Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 210. 
Halisidota falacra, Dognin, Bull. Soc. Eut. Fr. Ix. p. clxxv (1891) ; id. 

Lep. Lojk, pi. 8. f. 15 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 906. 

(S . Ochreous, tinged with brown ; palpi blackish at sides ; 
abdomen dorsally fuscous. Fore wing irrorated with brown ; some 
ill-defined ochreous marks outlined with brown below costa, in end 
of cell, and below the cell ; an oblique series of obscure lunulate 
marks beyond the cell, and a subterminal series of long bidentate 
lunulate marks. Hind wing fuscous, with the costal half ochreous ; 
some slight dark marks on termen at apex. Fore wing with vein 
10 sometimes shortly stalked with 7, 8, 9. 

Hab. Surinam ; Ecfadoe, Loja, type t c? falacra in Coll. Dognin ; 
Peru; Bolivia, R. Songo, 1 c?, R. Tanampaya. E.vj)., cS 56, 
2 Q2 millim. 

Larva. Black ; hair short, black ; some long black hairs on 
anterior and posterior somites, which have also thin pencils of 
ochreous hair directed forwards and backwards ; prologs orange. 
Food-plant, Bactris acanifiocarpa. 

1491. Halisidota huaco. (Plate XL. fig. 20.) 

Halisidota huaco, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 266 (1901). 

Pale ochreous ; palpi and frons fuscous brown ; thorax tinged 
with brown; abdomen dorsally fuscous brown. Fore wing irrorated 



156 ARCTIAD-ffi. 

with fuscous brown ; traces of a minutely dentate antemedial line 
angled on median nervure and with a patch of brownish-fuscous 
suffusion beyond it on inner area ; a black spot at lower angle of 
cell; traces of an oblique dentate postmedial line with fuscous 
suffusion beyond it to the indistinct strongly dentate subterminal line ; 
a series of dentate dark-edged marks on termen. Hind wing with 
the terminal area suffused with fuscous brown, diffused to base in 
submedian fold ; some dentate ochreous marks on termen. 

Hah. Brazil, Rio Janeiro, Castro Parana, 1 S , type t in Coll. 
Schaus. E.vp., S 30, $ 40 millim. 

*1492. Halisidota scripta. 

Eiihalisidota scripta, Grote, Proc. Ent, See. Philad. vi. p. 317, pi. v. f. 9 
(1867); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 209. 

$ . Ochreous ; palpi with slight dark streak on 2ud joint at sides, 
tegula? and patagia with fuscous annuli ; legs ringed with brown ; 
abdomen fulvous yellow on dorsum. Fore wing with double 
irregularly dentate fuscous subbasal, antemedial, medial, postmedial, 
and subterminal lines, hlled in with brownish ochreous ; the 
dentition of the antemedial and medial lines anastomosing in and 
below cell on median nervure, vein 1, and above inner margin ; the 
postmedial line very irregularly dilated from costa to lower angle of 
cell, the subterminal bent inwards above vein 1 ; a series o£ very 
irrc^^ular dentate fuscous-edged spots just before termen and a 
series of spots on cilia. Hind wing ochreous brown. 
Hah. Cuba, Coll. Staudinger. E^vj). 52 millim. 

Sect. II. Anteunyc of male with short branches. 

A. Fore wing of male with a patch of rough androconia covering the whole 
ceJl on underside, except lower extremity. 

1493. Halisidota sobrina. 

Halkidoia sobnnu, Moschl. Verb, zool.-bot, Ges. Wien, xxvii. p. 668, pi. 9. 

f. 32 (1877). 
Halisidota laroipa. Druce, P. Z. S. 1893, p. 288; id. Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. 

ii. p. 373. 
Lopliocampa modesta, Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 208. 




^'^g-^\. —Halisidota sobrina, ^. \. 

Ochreous ; palpi with black spot at side of 2nd joint ; tegulffi, 
patagia, tibiae, and tarsi spotted with black. Fore wing with fine 



HALISIDOTA. 157 

double minutely dentate subbasal, antemedial, medial, and post- 
medial dark lines, the last bent outwards to inner margin ; dark 
patches on costal area on antemedial line and at end of cell, and 
often on middle of inner margin ; an irregularly dentate sub- 
terminal line angled inwards above vein 5, where there is often a 
black spot on it ; a crenulate terminal line. Hind wing pale 
ochreous. 

Hah. Costa Kica (Zilrcher), 1 2 ' Panama, Bugaba, Chiriqui 
(Champion), 3 <^ , Godman-Salvin Coll.; Sueinam, typef in Coll. 
Staudinger ; Ecuadok, Chiguinda {Buchley), 4 (S ; Bolivia, Suapi : 
Peru, Chanchamayo, Sarayacu, type laroipa f in Coll. Druce. E,V2}., 
d 36-40, 2 46 millim. 

B. Hind wing of male with the inner area dilated, lobed, and clothed with 
rough scales above; abdomen with lateral tufts of long hair from 
1st segment. 

1494. Halisidota eudolobata, n. sp. 

Ochreous ; head and thorax tinged with brown ; abdomen yellow. 
Fore wing with about ten waved brown lines forming luiiulate 
spots on postmedial area and somewhat diamond- shaped sub- 




Fig. 92. — Halisidota eudolobata, c^ . {. 

terminal spots ; a large clouded discoidal spot. Hind wing pale 
semihyaline yellow. 

Hab. Amazons, Olivencas (Alichelli), 1 $ type, Pebas, type d* in 
Coll. Staudinger. Exj?. 40 millim. 

C. Wings of male normal. 

a. Fore wing with medial band defined by black lines. 
a^. Fore wing with the ground-colour black-browu in 

male, brown in female atra. 

b'^ . Fore wing with the ground-colour ochreous or brownish 
ochreous. 
a'. Fore wing with terminal band. 

a^. Fore wing with the discoidal band conjoined at 
costa to the medial band, forming a V-shaped 

naark interlineata. 

b^. Fore wing with the discoidal band separate from 
the medial band. 
a\ Fore wing with black streaks on the basal 

patches cincHpes. 

b"*. Fore wing without black streaks on the basal 

patches tessellaris, 

b'^. Fore wing without terminal band masoni. 



158 



AKCTJADJ5. 



h. Fore wiug without black-edged medial baud. 
a}. Fore wing with bands formed of lunulate spots. 
a?. Abdomen tinged with crimson ; fore wing with 

crimson points on the spots cyclozonata. 

b"^. Abdomen not tinged with crimson ; fore wing with- 
out crimson points. 
a^. Fore wing with diffused fascia from below apex 
to or to near base. 

a*. Fore wing with the fascia blackish lineata. 

h^. Fore wing with the fascia brown. 

«.'. Fore wing orange-yellow quanta. 

6\ Fore wing ochreous yellow oruba. 

h^. Fore wing with oblique fascia from below apex 
to lower angle of cell broken up into spots, 
a*. Hind wing fuscous brown. 

rt\ Fore wing fuscous brown nmbrosa. 

h'\ Fore wing ochreous, strongly suffused with 

brown cedon. 

hK Hind wing ochreous whitish. 

a^. Fore wing with black spot at lower angle of 
cell. 

a'^. Fore wing orange-yellow pulverea. 

b^. Fore wing ochreous yellow coniota. 

h'\ Fore wing without black spot at lower angle 
of cell, 
a^. Fore wing with the series of spots obscure, longa. 
b^ Fore wing with well-defined series of 
strongly dentate spots. 

a''. Average expanse 50 millim rhomboidea. 

6'''. Average expanse 35 millim polyodonta. 

c'^. Fore wing without oblique fascia from below apex. 
a'^. Fore wing with numerous prominent black 

spots oMimaculata. 

b^. Fore wing with prominent, usually annulate, 

black spot at lower angle of cell leucanina. 

e*. Fore wing without black spots. 

flS. Fore wing with dark streak in discal fold . . . squalida. 
h^. Fore wing without dark streak in discal fold. 
«". Fore wing with three fine sinuous post- 
medial lines ochracea. 

b^. Fore wing without sinuous postmedial 
lines, 
a^. Fore wing without oblique medial line, acuta. 
h~ . Fore wing with oblique medial line. 
a^. Fore wing with pale point in lower 
angle of cell beyond the oblique 

medial line annulosa. 

b^. Fore wing without pale point in lower 
angle of cell, the medial line slightly 
angled outwards at lower angle ... catenulata. 
b^. Fore wing without bands formed of lunulate spots, 
a^. Fore wing with medial and postmedial brownish 

bands, reduced in male to spots on the margins ... labaca. 
h^. Fore wing with narrow medial band conjoined at 
lower angle of cell to an irregular broken post- 
medial band, ground-colour white melaleuca. 

c^. Fore wing with diffused brownish medial and post- 
medial bands brun7ieitincta. 

d'^. Fore wing with diffused red medial and postmedial 

bands rusca. 

62. Fore wing with obscure postmedial series of spots, 

with streaks arising from them interstriata. 



HALISIDOTA. 159 

f^. Fore wing with obscure maculate subterminal band. 

a^. Abdoaien brown .' leria. 

b^. Abdomen orange-j^ollow Icda. 

g^. Fore wing without transverse markings. 

a?. Abdomen without black patch ; fore wing with 
the veins not streaked with black. 

a*. Fore wing crimson, suffused with brown rhoda. 

V. Fore wing not crimson. 

a^. Vertex of head with black point. 

a^. Frons with black point 'pallida. 

ff. Frons without black point arenacea. 

If. Vertex of head without black point. 

rt'^. Fore wing brown ordinana. 

b^. Fore wing yellowish, the veins streaked 

with ochreous iridesceiis. 

b'^. Abdomen with the four medial segments black ; 
fore wing with the veins streaked with black. 

a^. Tegulge not tipped with black humnsa. 

b^. Tegulte tipped with black triphylia. 

1495. Halisidota atra. 

Halisidota atra, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 92, pi. 9. f. 26 (1884) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 210. 

(S . Brown, suffused with dark fuscous ; palpi and legs orange- 
brown, banded with black. Fore wing with the costal area rather 
paler ; elongate black-edged vittae below base of costa and on 
median nervure ; a triangular black-edged mark below base of cell 
bisected longitudinally by a black line ; a medial black-edged band 
slightly angled outwards on the veins and inwards below the cell 
and crossed by fine black streaks below costa and on veins ; a discoidal 
dark brown black-edged reniform mark, its centre outlined with 
black and connected with costa by a black-edged band crossed by 
fine streaks ; annulate spots on costa before apex and sometimes 
also at apex and above vein 4, and a triangular mark on inner 
margin before tornus ; veins 4, o stalked, 8 a spur. 

2 . Much less suffused with fuscous ; tegulae and patagia outlined 
with greenish ; abdomen brownish yellow. 

Sab. Guatemala. {Champion)^ 2^,1$ type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp., S 50, 2 52 millim. 

1496. Halisidota interlineata. 

Halisidota interlineata, Wlk. iii. 739 (1855) ; Druce, Biol. Centr -Am. 

Het. ii. p. 371 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 208. 
Phegoptera jucunda, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 285 (1855). 

Pale fawn ; palpi black, with an orange band ; frons and antennae 
black ; tegulae and patagia outlined with greenish ; legs orange, with 
grey patches on black bands ; abdomen orange, with lateral series of 
black spots, the ventral surface white. Fore wing with two black- 
edged marks, centred with fulvous and black on basal part of costa, 
sometimes conjoined and connected by a black- edged streak on 
median nervure, below which is a triangular black-edged mark 
longitudinally bisected by a black line ; a black-edged fulvous 



160 



AECTIAD^. 



V-shaped mark on costa just beyond middle, crossed by fine streaks 
below costa, and with black discocellular patch on it sometimes with 
pale centre ; from the inner arm of the V at subcostal nervure is a 
black-edged band somewhat sinuous and crossed by black streaks on 
the veins ; a black-edged annulus on costa before apex and another 
on inner margin ; a terminal series of fawn-coloured marks with fine 
black line on their inner side like a series of steps. Hind wing 
semihyaline, the inner area clothed with orange hair ; veins 4, 5 
stalked or from cell, 8 a spur. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with a more or less complete series of irregular 
fawn-coloured black-edged subterminal marks between the annuli 
on costa and inner margin. 

Hah. Costa Rica ( Underwood), 1 c^ , Godman-Salvin CoU. ; 
Brazil, 4 fj,l $ type. Exp. 50-52 millim. Ty])Q-f jucimdam 
Coll. Staudinger. 



1497. Halisidota cinctipes. (Plate XL. fig. 15.) 

Halisidota cinctipes, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 242 (1865) ; Druce, 
Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 92 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 210. 

Halisidota davisil, H.-Edw. Proc. Calif. Acad. v. p. 365 (1875) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 210. 

Pale fawn ; palpi orange, with black bands with grey patches on 
them, lower part of frons almost always black; vertex of head 
greenish ; antennae fuscous, the base orange ; tegulae and patagia 
edged with blue-green ; legs orange and fawn, with annulate 
grey-centred black marks ; abdomen orange, with series of lateral 
black points on terminal segments, the ventral surface pale. Fore 
wing with two orange patches on basal part of costa, edged and 
streaked with black and connected by a black-edged streak on 
median nervure, below which is a triangular mark longitudinally 
bisected by a fine black streak ; a sinuous black-edged medial band, 
orange below costa, and crossed by fine black streaks below costa 
and on veins : a U-shaped black-edged orange discocellular mark, 
sometimes conjoined to the triangular black-streaked mark on costa 
above it ; a subterminal black-edged patch on inner margin, and an 
oblique irregular band from costa, where it is orange, to vein 
3, where it is more or less conjoined to the terminal band which is 
in the form of an irregular series of steps. Hind wing semihyaline, 
the veins, termen, and inner area tinged with orange : veins 4, 5 
from cell or stalked, 8 a spur. 

Ab. 1. With the subterminal band complete and sometimes 
separate from the terminal band. 

Ab. 2. With the subterminal band interrupted above vein 5 as 
well as below 4. 

Ab. 3. With the medial band conjoined to the costal patch above 
the V-shaped mark. — Venezuela. 

Hah. Florida ; Mexico, Jalapa (Hoege, TrujiUo), Coatepec 
(J^rooA-^), Yucatan (G^aifwer); Guatemala {Champion, Rodriguez) j, 



HALISIDOTA. 161 

Costa Rica {Underwood), Godman-Salvin Coll.; Panama, Chiriqui ; 
Cuba; Haiti (Tweedie); St. Lucia ; Venezuela, 1 $, Merida; 
Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul ; Peru, Ghanchamayo (J. J. Walker). 
Exp. 50-62 millim. 

Larva^ Dy.ar, Psyche, vi. p. 550. 

Mature : Head red-brown, paler on sutures, lines above mouth 
and base of antennoe white ; somites with the hair thick, pale 
chocolate or grey-brown with whitish tinge at sides, crested and 
darker along dorsal line ; the skin exposed and orange between 
somites 3 and 4; the three upper warts on somites 3 and 4 whitish 
with black patches ; white hair-pencils from 1st and 3rd warts on 
somite 4 and a few long whitish hairs from the same warts on somite 
3 ; a white pencil from 3rd wart on somite 12 ; skin red-brown, 
more or less spotted with black, or all black except the legs ; 
spiracles white ; somite 2 retracted, its hair bent forward over head ; 
hairs all finely barbuled; thoracic somites with 4 warts, abdominal 
with 6, wart 4 being smaller. 

Length 30 millim. Food-plants, Coccoloha jloridana and uvifera. 

Cocoon firm, compact, formed of the larval hairs. 

1498. Halisidota tessellaris. 

Halisidota tessellaris, Abbot & Smith, Lep. Georgia, ii. pi. 75 (1797) ; 

Geyer, Zutr. Ex. Schmett. v. p. 34, ff. 939,940 ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., 

Het. i. p. 92 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 210. 
Halisidota antiphola, Walsh, Proc. Boat. Soc. N. H. ix. p. 288 (1864\ 
Halisidota harrisii, Walsh, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. iii. p. 430 (1864)'. 




Fig. 93. — Halisidota tessellaris, (^ . \. 

Pale ochreous ; palpi, antennae, and legs orange ; tarsal joints 
sometimes slightly ringed with black ; abdomen pale orange fulvous 
above, whitish below. Fore wing with slight black-edged spot on 
base of costa, another before middle, and a larger spot below base 
of cell; a medial band angled outwards on subcostal and median 
nervures and inwards in cell; a rather V-shaped discoidal mark 
with spot ajbove it on costa ; a subterminal series of irregular black- 
edged marks and a terminal irregular band with a black line on its 
inner edge. Hind wing semihyaline, the inner area clothed with 
pale orange hair ; veins 4, 5 from cell or stalked, 3 a spur. 

Ab. 1. With the medial band interrupted or absent above median 
nervure. 

Ab. 2. With the bands darker and brownish, the subterminal 
baud interrupted in places. 

VOL. III. M 



162 ARCTIADJ?. 

Hah. Canada (Bush) ; U.S.A., Grote and Zeller Colls. ; Mexico. 
JLnp. 46-54 millim. 

Larva^ Dyar, Psyche, vi. pp. 162 & 164. Pack. Ann. N. Y. Ac. Sci. viii. p. 69. 

Mature : Head black and shiny, labrum and antennae white ; 
somites black with thick hair ; abdominal feet whitish ; spiracles 
white ; pencils of long black hair from wart 2 on somites 3, 4 and 
from wart 3 on somite 12 ; thinner pencils of white hair from wart 
4 on somites 3, 4 and from the large wart on somite 13 ; the other 
hairs light drab or ochreons, keeled on dorsnm ; warts grey except 
warts 3 on somite 12 which are pale with orange at bases; cervical 
shield black, bisected. Food-plant, various deciduous trees. 

Cocoon dense, composed of larval hairs. 

Yar. harrisii, Pack. Ann. N. Y. Ac. Sci. viii. p. 72. 

Adult larva : Head yellow ; anterior part of clypeus, labrum and 
antennae whitish ; body clothed with silky white hair, the dorsal 
])encils on thoracic somites rich ochreous orange ; 2nd and 3rd 
somites with two lateral pairs of white pencils; 11th somite with a 
pair of dorsal white pencils ; body whitish, with lateral series of large 
black patches ; spiracles ringed with black ; irregular black patches 
at base of legs. 

*1499. Halisidota masoni. 

PhcBgoptera masoni, Schaus, Ent. News Philad. 1895, p. 29 ; Druce, Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 376, pi. 74. f. 19. 

5 . Orange ; antennae black ; tegulae with black points ; abdomen 
with lateral black stripes and ventral bands. Fore wing with 
V-shaped subbasal grey band from costa to vein 1 edged with black 
and with the veins on it streaked with black ; a medial black-edged 
grey band crossed by black veins ; a similar discoidal patch ex- 
tending to costa ; a somewhat oblique and irregularly sinuous 
postmedial blackish line defined by greyish on outer side ; the 
terminal area brownish with the veins streaked with black ; under- 
side with the markings black ; a subterminal brownish shade. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa, type $ in Coll. Mason. Exp. 74 millim. 
This species is unknown to me. 

1500. Halisidota cyclozonata, n. sp. (Plate XL. fig. 2.) 

(S . Head and thorax yellow with brown markings ; abdomen 
yellow, dorsall} suff'used with crimson. Fore wiug yellow, irrorated 
and sufi'ased with brown ; a subbasal brown line ; an antemedial 
band of round brown-edged yellow spots with crimson centres ; 
a similar medial series of spots forking towards costa ; a postmedial 
series ending at tornus, with small spot nearer termen above vein 4 
and no spot above vein 3 ; a subterminal series from costa to vein 3, 
the spots above veins 4 and 6 nearer termen; a terminal series of 
small spots. Hind wing semihy aline yellow tinged with crimson. 

Hah. Amazons, Olivencas (Michelli), 1 cT type ; Ecuador, Sarayacu 
{Buckley); Peeif, Huayabamba {Garlepp), 1 $ . Exp. 30 millim. 



HALISIDOTA. 



163 



1501. Halisidota lineata. (Plate XL. fig. IG.) 
Halisidota lineata, Scliaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 230. 

Ochreous ; head and front part of thorax blackish, the vertex 
with a black stripe ; legs ochreous and black, the femora orange ; 
abdomen dorsally pale orange, greyish ochreous towards base, 
blackish lateral and ventral stripes. Fore wing sparsely irrorated 
with black; a diffused blackish fascia on median nervure bent 
upwards to below apex. Hind wing ochreous white. 

Hah, Brazil, Castro Parana (Jones), 1 <5 . Exp. 38 millim. 
Typet in Coll. Schaus. 

1502. Halisidota quanta. (Plate XL. fig. 17.) 
.Halisidota quanta, Schaus, J, N. Y. Ent. Soc. ix. p. 139 (1896). 

5 . Head and thorax bright yellow, the latter somewhat streaked' 
with rufous; abdomen paler. Fore wing bright yellow; a slightly 
curved rufous fascia from base along median nervure, thence to 
apex ; an orange discoidal point; traces of an antemedial, two post- 
medial, a sub terminal, and almost terminal oblique dentate lines 
sometimes forming series of lunulate marks. Hind wing yellowish 
white. 

IJab. Bkazil, Castro Parafia, 1 $ ; Bolivia, Locotal (Garlej3p), 
Exp, 44 millim. Typet $ in Coll. Schaus. 

1503. Halisidota oruba. (Plate XL. fig. 18.) 
Halisidota oruha, Schaus, P.Z.S. 1892, p. 280. 

S . Ochreous ; head and thorax slightly tinged with brown ; 
antennae brown ; abdomen with the ventral surface whitish. Fore 
wing irrorated with brown scales ; a rufous fascia from base on 
median nervure and thence to apex ; indistinct oblique postraedial and 
subterminal series of dentate lunules. Hind wing yellowish white, 
with some slight marks on termen and larger mark below vein 2. 

$ . Fore wing sometimes with discoidal rufous patch conjoined 
to the rufous fascia ; hind w-ing with some dark points on termen 
or immaculate. 

Hah. Colombia; Brazil, Bio Grande do Sul, llio Janeiro, 1 6 , 
Petropolis, typef $ in Coll. Schaus. Eocp,bO-^0 millim. 

1504. Halisidota umbrosa, n. sp. (Plate XL. fig. 14.) 

c5* . Fuscous brown ; palpi blackish at sides ; tegulee and patagia 
with slight black points ; pectus, base of legs, and ventral surface of 
abdomen paler. Fore wing strongly irrorated with black ; some 
slight black points on costa and one at lower angle of cell ; three 
obliquely-placed black spots from apex continued as a subterminal 
series ;, the tornal area from the oblique spots to inner margin before 

m2 



164 AKCTIADJ3. 

middle suffused with purplish fuscous. Hind wing purplish fuscous, 
the underside paler except the terminal area which has an irregular 
inner edge ; some dark marks in cell. 

Hah. Brazil, Eio Janeiro, 1 <S type, Eio Grande do Sul, 1 S • 
Exp, 50 millim. 

1505. Halisidota cedon. 

'Halisidota cedon, Druce, Eiol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 372, pi. 74. f. 1 1 
(1897). 

S . Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; palpi, frons, and legs 
browner ; abdomen brown above, ochreous below. Fore wing 
ochreous largely suffused with reddish brown ; an indistinct ante- 
medial band of dark-edged ochreous spots, angled in cell; some 
small dark-edged ochreous lunules on costal area, in cell, and at 
origin of vein 2, an oblique series from apex to inner margin before 
middle, and another series from termen below apex to inner margin 
beyond middle. Hind wing fuscous brown. 

2 . Pore wing more orange-yellow and less tinged with brown ; 
hind wing with patches of ochreous, or orange-yellow with slight 
dark patches. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui, 1 (S ; Brazil, Sta. Catherina, 1 S , Leo- 
poldina ; Peru, Callanga. Eccj^. 46 millim. Typef in Coll. 
Staudinger. 

1506. Halisidota pulverea. (Plate XL. fig. 21.) 
Halisidota pulverea, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. ir. p. 138 (1896). 

S . Ochreous yellow ; palpi brownish at sides. Fore wing 
irrorated with groups of blackish and brown scales ; a small black 
spot at lower angle of cell ; traces of an oblique antemedial brownish 
line; obscure oblique postmedial and subterminal series of V-shaped 
spots defined by brown, the postmedial series having similar spots 
beyond them between veins 3 and 5 ; traces of an obliqne blackish 
streak from apex ; a terminal series of black points. Hind wing 
pale semihyaline yellow, with a subterminal dark point above 
vein 5. 

Hah. Brazil, Bio Janeiro, 1 (S , Castro Parana, 1 J . Exp. 44 
millim. Typef in Coll. Schaus. 

1507. Halisidota coniota, n. sp. (Plate XLI. fig. 1.) 

Ochreous yellow ; palpi in front and frons brown ; head and 
thorax slightly irrorated with brown ; fore coxae and femora brown 
in front ; abdomen suffused with brown above, sometimes forming 
bands towards extremity. Fore wing strongly irrorated with brown, 
forming traces of dentate antemedial and medial lines and of post- 
medial and subterminal series of lunules ; a black spot or small 
ocellus at lower angle of cell, and sometimes a point above origin of 



HALI8ID0TA. 165 

vein 2; an obscure oblique brown streak from apex to lower angle 
of cell ; a series of blackish points on the subterminal lunules and 
a terminal series. Hind wing with the inner area, slightly, tinged 
with brown and some obscure spots or marks on termen. 

Hah. Ecuador (Buckley)^ 1 2 I Surinam ; Brazil, Eio Grande 
do Sul, Sta. Catherina, Rio Janeiro, 1 2 type, Castro Parana, ^ in 
Coll. Schaus ; Bolivia, Chaco. £xp., d 48, $ 54 millim. 

1508. Halisidota longa. (Plate XLI. fig. 15.) 

Euhaliddota longa, Grote, Can. Ent. xii. p. 213 (1880) ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. 
p. 209. 

Ochreous ; head and thorax slightly tinged with brown. Fore 
wing irrorated with groups of fuscous scales, some of them forming 
traces of dentate postmedial and subterminal lines ; an oblique 
streak from lower angle of cell followed by a shorter streak, then a 
point towards apex ; a subterminal series of points. Hind wing 
yellowish white. 

}lah. U.S.A., Florida, Enterprise, 1 J , 1 $ type. Exp.^ S 50, 
$ 54 millim. 

1509. Halisidota rhomboidea. 

Bomhyx rkomhoidea, Sepp, Ins, Surinam, ii. pi. 61 (1848) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 211. 
Halisidota strigulosa, Wlk. iii. 737 (1855) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. 

i. p. 93 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 
Phe(jfoptera mandus, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. i. f. 286 (1855) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 
Halisidota citrina, Wlk. xxxi. 314 (1S64). 

Orange-yellow to pale ochreous ; palpi tinged with fuscous in. 
front ; fore femora orange. Fore wing with five very oblique series 
of rufous-edged spots, elliptical on basal area, lunulate on terminal ; 
a slight diffused brownish shade at lower angle of cell ; an oblique 
series of dark points from apex to inner margin before middle and 
a subterminal series, both placed on outer edge of series of spots. 
Hind wing yellowish white, the inner area yellower ; veins 4, 5 
usually more or less strongly stalked ; 8 absent, represented by a 
spur or rarely reaching costa. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa, Cuesta de Misantla (Trujillo) ; Guatemala; 
Panama ( C^om^^ion), Godman-Salvin Coll.; Ecuador; Bolivia, Chaco 
{Garlepp\ 1 $ ; Peru, Vilcanota (Garlepp) ; Surinam; Brazil, 
Para, type strignlosa, S5o Paulo (Jones), Eio Janeiro {BucJcley), 
Ha^j). 46-54 millim. 

Larva. Black; the sutures of head and intersegmental folds of 
thoracic somites pale ; the thoracic and terminal somites with long 
black and white hair projecting forward and backward ; the other 
somites with short white hair ; the dorsal and lateral area of 
somites 6-11 pinkish, with dorsal black line. Food-plant, PaspaJuin 
indicum (Graminaceae). 



166 AKCTIAD^. 

1510. Haiisidota polyodonta, n. sp. (Plate XLI. fig. 2.) 

Oclireous ; thorax and legs slightly streaked with brown; abdomen 
with the ventral surface pale. Fore wing with subbasal dark point 
below the cell ; indistinct highly and irregularly dentate antemedial 
and medial lines ; a grey spot at lower angle of cell ; oblique post- 
medial and subterminal series of dentate dark-edged spots, the 
former bent outwards at vein 5, the latter with series of small 
elliptical annuli beyond them. Hind wing pale ochreous. 

Hab. Amazons, Parintins {Austen), 3 J , 1 $ type. Eocp., 6 34, 
$ 36 millim. 

1511. Haiisidota atrimaculata, n. sp. (Plate XLI. fig. 16.) 

Ochreous ; palpi with black spot at sides of 2nd joint ; vertex 
of head, tegulae, patagia, tibiae, and tarsi with black spots. Fore 
wing irrorated with groups of black scales, some of them forming 
traces of oblique postmedial and subterminal dentate lines ; some 
small black spots below base of cell ; an antemedial spot on costa 
with a spot just beyond it in the cell and one on inner margin ; 
a medial spot on inner margin and a larger discoidal spot ; a small 
spot beyond the cell above vein 5, and a larger subterminal spot ; 
a terminal series of small spots with larger spot below vein 2. 
Hind wing yellowish white. 

Hab. Bkazil, Eio Janeiro, 1 c? , 1 $ type, Rio Grande; Bolivia, 
Suape ; Peru, Hillap. Eocp., (S 42, § 50 millim. 

1512. Haiisidota leucanina. 

Haiisidota leucanina, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 109. f. 1 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 211. 
Haiisidota infucafa, Berg, Au. Soc. Arg. xiii. p. 216 (1882) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 207. 
Haiisidota phellia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) iv. p. 86 (1889); Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 212. 

Ochreous ; palpi fuscous at sides ; tegulge with pair of black 
points, patagia with two pairs ; fore femora orange above ; abdomen 
tinged with brown above. Fore wing irrorated with groups of 
black scales, forming very obscure oblique series of small lunules ; 
a small black annulus at lower angle of cell ; a more distinct sub- 
terminal series of lunules, two towards apex displaced inwards ; 
a terminal series of indistinct annuli with black points on their 
inner edges. Hind wing pale ochreous. 

Hab, Colombia, Bogota, typef $ in Coll. Bothschild, 1 S 
EcuADOE, 2 (S ; Brazil, Eio Janeiro, 2 c^ , 1 5 , Petropolis ; Sao 
Paulo (Jones), 1 d , 1 2 ; Argentina (Leech), 2 (5 , 1 $ , Missiones. 
Elvp., d 46, 2 48 millim. 



1513. Haiisidota squalida. 

ia, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Scl 
. p. 207. 

Orange-yellow. Fore wing with two indistinct brownish dentate 



Fhegoptera squalida, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett, f. 288 (1855) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 207. 



HALISIDOTA. 167 

antemedial lines ; three irregular oblique posfcraedial lines, and a 
more prominent lunulate subterminal line ; a slightly darker fascia 
in discal fold. Hind wing very pale yellow. 

Hah. Brazil, Leopoldina, llio Janeiro, 1 $ , Castro Parana, 1 S , 
1 $ , Sta. Cathcrina ; Bolivia, Chaco. Exp., d 40, $ 44 millim. 

*1514. Halisidota ochracea. 

Halisidota ochracea, Moschl. Yerh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, xxiii. p. 337, 
pi. 18. f. 28 (1883) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 208. 

$ . Head and thorax orange ; abdomen rather paler. Fore wing 
orange ; the medial area with four indistinct minutely waved lines ; 
three fine postmedial lines excurved from costa to vein 4, then 
incurved ; traces of a subterminal series of dentate marks. Hind 
wing pale yellow. 

Hah. Surinam, type f $ in Coll. Staudinger. Exp. 40 millim. 

1515. Halisidota acuta, n. sp. (Plate XLT. fig. 21.) 

S . Ochreous ; frons with blackish spots ; branches of antennae 
brown ; tarsi tinged with fuscous above ; abdomen dorsally suffused 
with fuscous brown except at base. Fore wing irrorated with 
fuscous ; a black point at lower angle of cell ; very obscure post- 
medial and subterminal series of dentate spots with dark points on 
them ; the apex somewhat produced and acute and the termen 
oblique. Hind wing semihyaline ochreous white, the inner area 
clothed with pale reddish hair ; an obscure diffused fuscous strongly 
crenulate line with a more distinct lunule below vein 2. 
Hah. Brazil, Sta. Catherina, 1 (S type. Exp. 52 millim. 

1516. Halisidota annulosa. (Plate XLI. fig. 6.) 

Halisidota annulosa, Wlk. iii. 738 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 208. 
Halisidota niveigiUta, Wlk. vii. 1709 (1856) ; Druce, Biol. Ceutr.-Am,, 
Het. ii. p. 373 (part.) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 210. 

Yellow ; head and thorax slightly marked with brown ; abdomen 
whitish below. Fore wing with fine irregularly brown lines, disposed 
somewhat in pairs meeting on the veins and forming series of annu- 
late, lunulate and irregular marks, the antemedial line defined on 
outer side by a brownish mark from costa to median nervure ; an 
almost straight oblique medial line with a silvery white point beyond 
it at lower angle of cell ; a subterminal dark point above vein 5. 
Hind wing yellowish white; veins 4, 5 from cell or shortly stalked, 
or in one specimen strongly stalked and on right side crossing each 
other before reaching termen ; 8 absent or as a short spur. 

Hah. Mexico, Tabasco, Dos Arroyos {H. H. Smith), 1 c5* , Tres 
Marias Is. (Forrer), 1 $ , Jalapa (Hoege), 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; 
Venezuela, 1 c^ type; Amazons, Para, 1 $ . Exp.^ ^ 32, $ 30-40 
millim. Type niveiguita in Mus. Oxon. 



168 ARCTIAD^. 

]517. Halisidota catenulata. 

Hipocrita catenulata, Hiibn. Samml. Ex. Schmett. i. (1827) ; Kirbv, Cat. 

Het. p. 210. 
Bomhyx sesia, Sepp, Ins. Surinam, ii.pl. 54 (1848) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 
Charidea texta, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. f. 281 (1855) ; Kirbj, 

Cat. Het. p. 208. 
Halisidota thyophora, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 140 (1896). 
Halisidota seruba, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 93, part, (nee H.-S.). 

Yellow ; head and thorax slightly marked with brown ; abdomen 
pale below. Fore wing with numerous fine, rather irregularly- 
waved brown lines, two of them forming a rather sinuous oblique 
band from lower angle of cell to inner margin ; a dark point at 
angle of discocellulars, and sometimes a whitish streak on lower 
discocellular ; a dark point on the subterminal line above vein 5 ; 
a dentate terminal line. Hind wing yellowish white ; 4, 5 from 
cell or stalked, 8 a spur. 

Hob. Cui5A; Mexico, Presidio (J^orr^r) ; Guatemala ((77iaw^ ion); 
Panama (Ribhe, Champion), Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Venezuela, Aroa, 
type t thyopTiora in Coll. Schaus ; Surinam : Brazil, Espiritu Santo ; 
Peru, Callao {J. J. Walker) ; Argentina (Leech). Exp.^ (S 30-40, 
2 36-46 millim. 

Larva white; head yellowish; 1st somite with a dorsal green 
patch, the 2nd with a dorsal black patch ; a blackish dorsal line ; the 
anterior and posterior somites with tufts of long white hair pro- 
jecting forward and backward ; two tufts of yellow hair on terminal 
somite ; the rest of hair white. Cocooyi white. Papa green. Pood- 
plant, Inga vera. 

1518. Halisidota labaca. 

Halisidota lahaco, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) v. p. 214 (1890) ; id. Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 371, pi. 74. f. 9 ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. p. 210. 

eJ . Ochreous yellow ; 3rd joint of palpi black ; tarsi banded 
with black; abdomen orange above. Pore wing with subbasal, 
antemedial, medial, and postmedial brown spots on costa and medial 
and postmedial spots on inner margin ; a discoidal point ; a brown 
patch on termen from below apex to vein 4. Hind wing semi- 
hyaline yellowish. 

2 . Pore wing with the spots larger, medial and postmedial waved 
brown bands from cell and vein 4 to inner margin. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalisco {Richardson)^ 1 (5 , 1 $ type, Godman- 
Salvin Coll. Exp., <3 30, 2 36 millim. 

*1519. Halisidota melaleuca. 

Lophocampa melaleuca, Peld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 101. f. 7 (1874); Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 217. 

$ . Head and thorax white ; palpi, lower part of frons, antennae, 
and front of tegulae black-brown ; pectus and legs brown ; abdomen 
brown, the lateral and ventral surfaces white, with lateral brown 



HALISIDOTA. 169 

line and ventral stripe. Fore wing white ; a black-brown spot at 
base ; a subbasal band from costa to vein 1, expanding outwards on 
median nervure : an antemedial spot on costa ; a curved medial 
maculate band with paler brown centre, conjoined at lower angle of 
cell to a postraedial irregular band from costa to below median 
nervure, expanding at lower angle of cell where it has a waved 
outer edge, the remainder of band represented by brownish spots on 
vein 2 and inner margin ; the terminal area pale olive-brownish, 
with two dark spots on costa towards apex and spots on termen 
between veins 6 and 2. Hind wing white, with brown spot at 
upper angle of cell ; a lunulate brown subterminal band ending in 
a point above tornus. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota, type f $ in Coll. Rothschild. Eocp. 52 
millim. 

1520 . Halisidota brunneitincta, n. sp. (Plate XLI. fig. 7.) 

c?. Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; palpi, frons, and 
antennae blackish, palpi with some orange at end of 1st and 2nd 
joints, basal joint of antennae orange ; a black streak on vertex of 
head and broader streaks on tegulae ; patagia with blackish edges ; 
legs black and white, fore and raid femora orange above ; abdomen 
orange, with dorsal and lateral series of black spots, the ventral 
surface whitish. Eore wing ochreous, suffused with olive-brown ; 
an orange and black mark at base ; a whitish fascia on vein 1 to 
the antemedial. band, which is strongly angled on median nervure 
and very oblique towards costa and below the cell ; a whitish spot 
on middle of costa, with another just beyond it, the two nearly 
meeting in middle of cell and connected with inner margin by an 
oblique series of small spots ; a diffused blackish discoidal patch ; 
a triangular postmedial spot on costa and series of small spots 
strongly incurved below vein 3 ; a subterminal series of small dark- 
edged spots, two towards apex larger ; a pale apical mark. Hind 
wing fuscous, the base yellowish white ; a medial band formed of 
irregular spots ; some small subterminal spots from apex to vein 2. 

5 . Fore wing with the medial spots on costa reduced and with 
no small spots between them and inner margin ; hind wing with 
the whitish markings much reduced. 

Hah. Beazil, Rio Janeiro, 1 d , 1 $ type. Eocp., ^ 50, $ 60 
millim. 

1521. Halisidota rusca. (Plate XLI. fig. 10.) 
Mazceras rusca, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. See. iv. p. 141 (1896). 

S . Head and thorax orange-vermilion ; palpi in front and 3rd 
joint, antennae, front of tegulae, and edges of patagia grey-brown ; 
tibiae and tarsi grey-brown, with red rings ; abdomen yellow, the 
hair at base orange-red, dorsal and lateral series of black spots, 
the ventral surface orange-red. Fore wing orange, thickly irrorated 
with scarlet ; the base and costal area suftused with scarlet ; 



170 AfiCTIADyE. 

the veins grey-brown ; obscure antemedial, medial, postraedial, and 
subterminal bands formed of small brownish-purple spots ; cilia 
brown. Hind wing yellowish white tinged with crimson ; the 
costal area, inner margin, and termen crimson. 

Hah. Brazil, Sao Paulo (Jones), 2 (S . Exp. 44 millim. Typef 
in Coll. Schaus. 

1522. Halisidota inter striata, n. sp. (Plate XLI. fig. ^0.) 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen pale grey-brown ; palpi fuscous, 
the 1st joint orange ; basal joints of antennae, back of head, and 
neck orange ; wings pale semihyaline yellowish brown. Fore wing 
with the veins brown ; some obscure fuscous marks in cell divided 
by whitish lines ; a whitish patch in end of cell ; a fuscous spot 
near base of vein 2 and fuscous streaks in interspaces of terminal 
area expanding into obscure spots near cell. Hind wing yellower. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana {Jones), 1 (S type, Casa Branca, 
Rio Grande. Exp. 36 millim. 

*1523. Halisidota leria. (Plate XLI. fig. 17.) 
Fkcegoptera leria, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 497 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 213. 

$ . Ochreous brown ; palpi black, ochreous in front and at 
extremity ; legs marked with fuscous ; abdomen darker brown on 
dorsum, becoming blackish towards extremity and on sides. Fore 
wing irrorated with black ; traces of a curved yellowish subterminal 
maculate band, with waved black irroration on its outer edge ; cilia 
intersected blackish and ochreous. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish ; 
the inner area brownish ; veins 4, 5 stalked. 

Hah. Ecuador, Sarayacu {Buckley), type f 2 i^i Coll. Druce. 
Eccj). 5Q millim. 

*1524. Halisidota leda. (Plate XLI. fig. 11.) 

Fh(Egoptera leda, Druce, P. Z. S. 1890, p. 497 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 209. 

*5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen orange-yellow ; palpi with the 
1st and 2nd joints black above, pale below, the 3rd joint black ; 
patagia with black spot ; pectus and ventral surface of abdomen 
yellowish white ; legs banded with black. Fore wing thinly scaled ; 
irrorated with small black scales, some of which form two obscure 
spots beyond the cell above and below vein 6, and others two 
obscure series of spots on terminal area. Hind wing almost hyaline 
except towards margins ; veins 4, 5 extremely shortly stalked. 

Antennae with very short branches. 

Hah. Dominica (^n^as), typef $ in Coll. Druce. Exp. 70 millim. 

1525. Halisidota rhoda, n. sp. (Plate XLI. fig. 12.) 

S . Head and thorax scarlet ; 3rd joint of palpi, frons, antennae, 
patches on vertex of head and tegulae, edges of patagia and a stripe 
on thorax brown ; abdomen orange, the 1st segment crimson, dorsal 
and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface red-brown. 



HALISIDOTA. 171 

Fore wing pale crimson, the costa, inner margin, veins, and cilia 
brown. Hind wing pale crimson, the cilia brown. 

Hah. Bolivia, Tanampaya (Garlejop), 1 <S type. E.vp. 44 millim. 

1526. Halisidota pallida. (Plate XLI. fig. 19.) 
Phcegoptera pallida, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 267 (1901). 

J . Head and thorax very pale ochreous brown; palpi with spots 
at sides of 1st and 2ud joints and the 3rd joint black; black 
spots on frons, vertex of head, and three on patagia, the one on 
frons sometimes absent ; abdomen orange-yellow, with subdorsal 
series of black spots and sublateral series of points. Fore wing 
pale ochreous brown and thinly scaled, the veins darker; the costal 
edge whitish. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish. 

Hah. EcuADOK, Loja, 1 S ; Peru, Callanga, Chanchamayo ; 
Bolivia, Songo. Eocp. 54 millim. Typet in Coll. Schaus. 

*1527. Halisidota arenacea. (Plate XLI. fig. 13.) 

Vhcegoftera arenacea^ Schaus, A. M, N. H. (7) vii. p. 266 (1901). 

<S . Orange-yellow ; palpi with the 3rd joint black ; vertex of 
head, shoulders, and patagia with black spots ; abdomen with sub- 
dorsal series of small black spots, the ventral surface paler. Fore 
wing thinly scaled and irrorated with darker scales ; the veins deep 
orange. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish. 

Hah. Ecuador, Loja, type in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 'b^ millim. 

*1528. Halisidota ordinaria. (Plate XLI. fig. 5.) 

Pseudapistosia ordinaria, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 230. 

Head and thorax pale reddish brown ; marks on inner side of 
palpi, sides of head, and basal joint of antenn89 orange ; coxae 
orange ; abdomen orange, the long hair at base brownish, followed 
by three dorsal black spots; a lateral series of black spots, the 
ventral surface brownish. Fore wing pale reddish brown and 
thinly scaled with darker mottling. Hind wing whitish, tinged 
with pale reddish brown on inner area, in female uniformly tinged 
with brown except on disk. 

Hah. Brazil, Petropolis, type t in Coll. Schaus. Exp.^ S 48, 
$ ^Q millim. 

1529. Halisidota iridescens. (Plate XLI. fig. 9.) 

Munona iridescens, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 233. 

Very pale yellow ; palpi, antennae, back of head, edges of tegula?, 
and streaks on patagia and vertex of thorax orange ; fore coxae and 
the femora above orange, the last with black spot at extremity. 
Fore wing pale silky semihyaline yellow, the veins ochreous. Hind 
wing yellowish white. 

Hah. Venezuela, Area, 1 cT ; Peru, Chanchamayo. Exp.^ d 54, 
2 70 millim. Type f in Coll. Schaus. 



172 



AECTIAD^. 



*1530. Halisidota humosa. 

Lophocampa humosa, Dognm, Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxxvii. p. 424 (1893) ; 
id. Lep. Loja, pi. 11. f. 3. 

$ . Head and thorax orange ; palpi and antennae black ; legs 
black, the femora fringed with orange hair ; abdomen with the 1st 
segment orange, the next four black, the terminal three orange ; 
ventral surface black except terminal segment, on which the black 
runs to a medial point ; wings whitish, suffused with dull smoky- 
brown, all the veins black. Pore wing with the base and costa 
whiter. 

Hah. EcFADOR, Loja. Exjp. 68 millim. Typet in Coll. Dognia. 

*1531. Halisidota triphylia. 

Phregoptera triphylia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xviii. p. 40 (1896) ; id. Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 376, pi. 74. f. 18. 

5 . Head and thorax orange ; palpi and antennae black ; tegulse 
with the extremity and outer edge brown ; pectus and legs black ; 
abdomen deep black except the four terminal segments dorsaliy, a 
lateral series of orange spots ; wings smoky brown, the veins black. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui (Trbtsch),. type $ in Coll. Staudingec. 
Ea-j). 72 millim. This species is unknown to me. 



Genus METAXANTHIA, nov. 

Type, M. vespiformis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching above vertex of head ; 
antenuae of female with short branches ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; wings 
semihyaline. Fore wing long and narrow ; vein 2 from beyond middle of cell ; 
3 from before angle ; 5 from just above angle; 6 from below upper angle; 7, 8, 
9, 10 stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 2 from beyond middle of cell ; 
3 from before angle ; 5 from above angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from 
towards end of cell. 

*153'2. Metaxanthia vespiformis. 

Metaxanthia vespiformis, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) iii. p. 465 (1899). 




Fig, 94. — Metaxanthia vespiformis, ^ ► \^ 

2 . Head, thorax, and basal half of abdomen black, the last with 
the terminal half orange, the anal tuft pale yellow. Pore wing semi- 
hyaline, sparsely clothed with small fuscous scales ; the veins and 
margins black. Hind wing hyaline, the veins and margins black. 

Hah. Amazons, Villa Nova (Bates), 1 $ type f in Mus. Oxon. ; 
Peeu, Surumaya. Ea^^. 34 millim. 




ARCTAGYRTA. — AGOR.EA. 173 

Genus ARCTAGYRTA, nov. 

Type, A. nana. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, hardly reaching vertex of head ; 
antennjB bipectinate, with moderate branches dilated at extremity ; mid and 
hind tibijB with minute terminal pairs of spurs. Fore wing with vein 3 from 
well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle; 6 from upper angle; 7 and 10 
stalked ; 8, 9 absent; 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from well before 
angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle 
of cell. 

*1533. Arctagyrta nana. 

Jffl/rta nana, Wlk. vii. 1652 (1856); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 121. 

(5 . Black ; frons, palpi below, coxae, femora, and ventral surface 

of abdomen whitish. Fore 
wing with two hyaline 
streaks in cell ; a short 
streak below the cell ; elon- 
gate patches between veins 
2 and 4 and a minute 
streak above 4. Hind wing 
Fig. 'do.—Arctagyrta nana, ^ . \. with hyaline streak in lower 

part of cell and a fascia 
below the cell and between veins 2 and 4. 

Hah. Amazons. Exp. 22 millim. Typef in Mus. Oxon. 

Genus AGOR-EA. 

Type. 

AgorcBtt, Herr.-Schaff. Aussereur. Schmett. p. 20 (1850) longicornis. 

.Pfl^arfl, Wlk. vii. 1678 (1856) longicornis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned to just above vertex of head and 
smoothly scaled ; antennae of male bipectinate ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; 
abdomen dorsally clothed with long hair towards base. Fore wing with vein 
3 from close to angle of cell ; 5 from just above angle ; 6 from below upper 
angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 1 1 free. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from close to 
angle of cell ; 6 and 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennas of male bipectinate with moderate branches, of female with 
short branches. 

A. Colour ochreous white rectilinea. 

B. Colour grey-brown. 

a. Head orange longicornis. 

b. Head grey-brown , minuta. 

1534. Agoraea rectilinea. (Plate XLIV. fig. 2.) 

Halesidota rectilinea, Burm. Descr. Eep. Arg, viii. p. 445 (1878) • Kirbv 
Cat. Het. p. 211. 

^ . Ochreous white ; palpi with black spots, frons with black 
bar with two orange spots above it ; antennae black streaked with 
white ; vertex of head with one black and two orange spots ; tegul^ 
orange below ; shoulders with extrusible tufts of long hair ; vertex 
of thorax with black stripe ; an orange lateral stiipe ; legs striped 
with black ; fore coxae orange at sides ; abdomen orange, with dorsal 




174 ARCTIAD^. 

black spots on first two segments, two lateral series of black spots, 
the ventral surface ochreous white. Fore wing with fine fuscous 
streaks on the veins, the median nervure and vein 4 with rather 
stronger black streak. Hind wing seraihyaline yellowish. 

Hah. Ekazil, Castro Parana {Jones), 1 c^ ; Argentina. Exp. 
42 millim. 

1535. Agoraea longicornis. 

Agoraa longicornis, Herr.-Schaff. j4ussereur. Schraett. f. 442 (1854) ; Druce, 
Eiol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 163 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 429. 

r agar a venosa, Wlk. vii. 1679 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 362. 

Euchcetes emendatus, H. Edw. Papilio, iv, p. 61 (1884) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 236. 

Head, tegulge, shoulders, and fore coxae orange ; palpi fuscous, 
the basal joint orange ; antennae brown ; patagia, thorax, and legs 

brown ; abdomen orange, 
the first three segments 
brown, slight dorsal and 
lateral brown lines, the ven- 
tral surface brownish grey. 
Fore wing grey-brown, the 
veins darker and often with 
Y\g.^Q.—Agorcea lovgicornis, c?- f- ^ somewhat paler patch in 

end of cell. Hind wing 
whitish, the marginal areas tinged with brown or more or less 
completely pale brown : the veins rather darker. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (2^rM/z7/o), 4 J; Guatemala, Atitlan, 1 (5", 
1 $ , Vera Paz, 1 cT , 2 $ , Las Mercedes (Champion), 2 J , 1 $ ; 
Costa IIica {Underwood), 2S ,'^2 '■> Panama, Chiriqui {Champion)^ 
1 J , 2 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Beazil, Espiritu Santo, 1 S , liio 
Janeiro, 1 $ type venosa in Mus. Oxon. Exp. 28-30 millim. 

1536. Agoraea minuta. 

Jgorcea onimita, Scbaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 288 ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., 
^Het. ii. p. 410, pi. 79. f. 2. 

. Head, thorax, and legs pale grey-brown ; Ist joint of palpi, pectus, 
and abdomen orange, the last grey-brown at base and with dorsal 
series of black points. Fore wing semihyaline brownish grey, the 
margins yellower ; the interspaces slightly, and the veins more 
strongly streaked with brown. Hind wing semihyaline yellowish 
white; the veins slightly streaked with brown towards termen; the 
cilia pale yellow. 

Hab. Mexico, Tabasco (//. H. Smith), 2 J , 1 $ ; Guatemala, 
Las Mercedes {Champion\ IS, 1 $ ; Godman-Salvin Coll.; 
Brazil, Corcovado, Rio Janeiro, type in Coll. Schaus. Exp. 26-30 
millim. 




AGOR^A.— BITURYX. 175 

Sect. IT. Antennffi of male bipectinate with short branches, of female minutely 
serrate and fasciculate. 

1537. Agorsea pellucida. 

Bomhi/x pellucida, Sepp, Surin. Vlind. ii. p. 175, pi. 76 (1848) ; Druce, 
Eidl. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 410 ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. p. 211. 

Head and thorax pale grey-brown ; palpi at sides and back of 
liead with black spots ; patagia and thorax with black stripes ; 
l)ectus white, with orange and black lateral stripes ; legs whitish, 

with brown and black 
stripes ; fore coxae orange 
at sides ; abdomen orange, 
the 1st segment grey- 
brown, a dorsal and two 
lateral series of black spots, 
the ventral surface brown- 
Fig. 97.— ^^o^<2« i'^^*^^""^", (5* . 1. ish white. Fore wing 

semihyaline brownish grey, 
the interspaces slightly streaked with brown ; the veins streaked 
with black ; a black spot at lower angle of cell. Hind wing semi- 
hyaline brownish v/hite. 

Hah. Mexico, Yucatan (Goclman), 1 $, Godman-Salvin Coll.; 
St. Vincent (H. H. Smith), 2d, 1 $ ; Teinidad (Hart), 1 S ; 
Surinam; Brazil, Amazons, Prainha (Trail), 1 $, Sao Paulo 
(Jones), 2 2 . Exp. 24-40 millim. 

Genus BITURYX. 

Type 

Bitur2/x,MV Ik. in. 717 (1855) ....' diversipes. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect to just beyond the frons ; antennge 
of male bipectinate with moderate branches, of female with short branches ; 
tibise with the spurs short ; abdomen smoothly sealed, with lateral tubercles at 
base. Fore wing rather narrow ; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from above 
angle ; 6 from below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing 
with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 5 from just above angle ; 7 from or 
from just before upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

Sect. I. Abdomen of female with the terminal segment and ventrally the last 
four segments greatly dilated with tufts of woolly hair. 

A. Hind wing white intacta. 

B. Hind wing brownish, with dark streaks on the veins venosata. 

1538. Eituryx intacta. (Plate XLI. fig. 4.) 

Bituryx intadus, Wlk. iii. 719 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 204. 

5 . White ; head and tegulae pale yellow ; palpi at tips and an- 
tennae brownish ; legs brown above, fore coxae yellow ; abdomen 
orange, with dorsal and lateral series of black spots, the ventral 
surface white. Fore wing with brown streaks on the veins. Hind 
wing- semihyaline. 

i/a6. Venezuela, 1 $ type. Exp. 34 millira. 



176 



ARCTTAD^. 



1539. Bitnryx venosata. 

Bituryx venosata.lVlk. xxxi. 304 (1864) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. 
p. 410, pi. 79. f. 4; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 204. 




Fig. 98. — Bituryx venosata, $ 



5. Head and tegulae yellow; antennaB blackish ; thorax whitish ; 
legs striped with fuscous, the fore coxae yellow ; abdomen orange- 
yellow, the terminal segment and ventral surface white, a lateral 
series of black spots ; wings brownish white, the veins streaked 
with fuscous black ; cilia of hind wing white. 

Hab. Mexico, Vera Paz (Salle), 1 $ type, Guerrero (II. H. 
Smith), 1 2 ; Panama, Bugaba (Champion), 1 2 > Grod man-Sal vin 
Coll., Chiriqui. E.vp. 40 millim. 

Sect. II. Abdomen of female without tufts of woolly hair, 

A. Abdomen crimson, with dorsal and lateral series of black 

spots. 

a. Fore wing semihyaline, the veins dark diversipes. 

b. Fore wing uniform whitish lanceolata. 

B. Abdomen grey, yellowish toward extremity grisea. 

1540. Bituryx diversipes. 

Bituryx diversipes, Wlk. iii. 718 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 204. 
Halisidota rhodogaster, Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. xxx. p. 31, pi. 3. f. 1 (1887) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p, 210. 




Fig. 99. — Bituryx diversipes, c?. \. 



Head and thorax grey slightly tinged wihh fuscous ; palpi whitish, 
blackish at tips, thorax with slight black dorsal stripe ; some crim- 
son below the wings ; legs whitish with fuscous stripes, fore coxae 
at sides and femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson, with dorsal 
and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface white. Fore 



BITURTX. NERITOR. 177 

wing semihyaline grey-white, the veins streaked with brown. 
Hind wing hyaline white. 

Hah. Venezuela, 1 cj" , 1 $ type ; Curacao. Exp. 38 millim. 

*1541. Bituryx lanceolata. (Plate XLI. fig. 8.) 

Aloa lanceolata, Wlk. vii. 1702 (1856); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 205. 

J . Brownish white ; palpi and branches of antennae dark brown ; 
tegulae pink below ; pectus with some pink below base of wings ; 
fore legs with the coxge at sides and the femora above pink ; tibiae 
and tarsi above brown ; abdomen pink above, with dorsal and lateral 
series of black spots. Hind wing semihyaline. 

Hah. Haiti, type f 05" in Mus. Oxon. Exp. 40 millim. 

*1512. Bituryx grisea. (Plate XLI. fig. 18.) 

Biiurix grisea, Dognin, Ana. Soc. Ent. Beige, xliii. p. 251 (1899). 

$. Grey; head, thorax, and abdomen tinged with fuscous; 
neck with slight orange ring ; the terminal segment of abdomen 
tinged with yellow. Eore wing irrorated with grey-brown ; the 
veins streaked with grey-brown ; an obscure subterminal series of 
spots excurved at middle. Hind wing white, the costal area and 
the apical half of termen tinged with grey-brown. 

Hah. Colombia, Palmira, type t $ in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 32 
millim. 

Genus NERITOS. 

Type. 

Neriios, Wlk. iii. 711 (1855) repanda. 

Trichroa, Fairm. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxxviii. p. 395 (1894)... onytcs. 
Antiloha, Weym. Stett. ent. Zeit. iv. p. 328 (1894) repanda. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of bead, the 3rd 
joint short ; antennae of male usually bipectinate with moderate branches ; 
tibiae with the spurs moderate; abdomen smoothly scaled. Fore wing with 
vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle or shortly stalked ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 
10, 11 stalked or from cell; male usually with a fovea below middle of cell on 
underside, a swelling on upperside, containing a thick brush of hair. Hind 
wing with vein 2 from well before angle of cell ; 3, 5 stalked, 4 absent ; 6, 7 
from angle of cell or shortly stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 

Sect. I. (Trich7-oa). Hind wing of male with the costal area as long as inner 
area, the termen deeply excised below vein 6 ; fore wing with the fovea 
and tuft elongate, vein 2 sinuous ; female with vein 10 from the cell ; 
antennae of male minutely serrate and ciliated. 

1543. Neritos onytes. 

Noctua onytes, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 165, E (1777) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 198. 
Sphinx psamas, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii. pi. 234, G (1779) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 197. 

6 . Crimson ; palpi yellow below ; antennae yellow, white at 

VOL. III. If 



178 



ABCTIAD^. 




tips ; vertex of head with yellow patch ; legs yellow, fore legs 
streaked with crimson ; ahdomen with dorsal white spot at base, 

the extremity yellow, the 
ventral surface white. Pore 
wing brownish crimson from 
costa before middle to termen 
above tornus, with sinuous 
crimson edge ; the apical half 
yellow, with rounded apical 
crimson-edged brownish patch 
extending down to vein 4. 
Hind wing crimson, the cilia 
yellowish. 

2 . Abdomen yellow, suffused with fuscous above ; fore wing 
with the basal and apical patches conjoined, leaving triangular yellow 
patches on middle of costa and termen ; hind wing yellow, suffused 
with brown except the termen. 

Hab. Panama, Chiriqui ; Stjeinam ; Amazons, R. Jutabi (Trail), 

1 c? , Para, 1 $ ; Bolivia, Songo ; Perf, Chanchamayo. Exp., (S 30, 

2 34 millim. 



Fig. 100. 
Neritos onytes, ^ . 



Sect. II. {Neritos). Hind wing of male with the costal half of wing about half 
length of inner half and very strongly lobed ; fore wing with the fovea 
and tuft short. 



1544. Neritos repanda. 

Neritos repanda, Wlk. iii. 711 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 197. 
Antiloha carnea, Weym. Stett. ent. Zeit. iv, p. 329 (1894). 

(S . Head and thorax brown, vertex of head crimson ; antennae 

whitish at tips; abdomen 
crimson, the extremity, 
ventral surface, and legs 
yellowish white. Fore wing 
with a brown patch on inner 
area, extending from one 
third of costa with strongly 
sinuous edge to termen above 
tornus ; the apical half pale 
yellow, with large round 

brown patch from costa and termen to vein 4. Hind wing pale 

yellow more or less tinged with pink. 

2 . Fore wing with the round apicalpatch conjoined by a broad 

band to the patch on inner area. 

Hab. Brazil (Dohm), 1 J Zeller Coll., Sao Paulo (D. Jones), 2 $ , 

Eio Janeiro, 1 cJ type. Exp. 30 millim. 




Fig. 101. — Neritos repanda, (S . 



NERITOS. 179 

Sect. III. Hind wing with the costal area less strongly lobed and extending to 
three fourths of inner area. 

A. Fore wing of male with elongate fovea and tuft below the 
cell near base. 
a. Fore wing of male with veins 10, 11 stalked ; antennae 
serrate and fasciculate. 

a). Pectus yellow sanguipuncta. 

6\ Pectus white pandera. 

*1545. Neritos sanguipuncta. 

Neritos sanguipuncta, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 265 (1901). 

(S . Palpi scarlet above, yellow below with a dark spot at 
extremity ; frons and antennae brown ; vertex of head yellow ; 
thorax brown, the patagia edged with scarlet ; pectus, legs, and 
abdomen yellow, the last dorsally scarlet except at extremity. 




Fig. 102. — Neritos sanguipuncta, (S . K 

Fore wing with the basal area purple-brown, its edge somewhat 
dentate at the veins and running obliquely from costa before middle 
to termen above tornus ; a short oblique scarlet striga across middle 
of vein 1 ; the apical area yellow, with large rounded purple-brown 
subapical patch with somewhat indented circumference, a scarlet 
streak above it on costa. 

2 . Fore wing with the apical patch conjoined by a narrow band 
to the basal patch. 

Hab. Venezeula, Merida; Ecuadoe, Loja, 1 <5 type t in Coll. 
Schaus. Ex^. 32 millim. 

1546. Neritos pandera. (Plate XLI. fig. 14.) 

Trichromia pandera, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 137 (1896). 

Head and thorax greyish brown ; pectus and legs white ; abdo- 
men orange, with crimson dorsal spot at base, the ventral surface 
white. Fore wing with the basal area brown, shading to pale 
silvery purple towards its outer edge, which is oblique from costa 
before middle to termen above tornus and somewhat dentate at the 
veins ; the apical area semihyaline yellow, with rounded purplish 
apical patch with somewhat crenulate edge. Hind wing orange- 
yellow. 

Bab. Venezuela, Area, 1 $ ; Amazons, Rio Negro, (5 in Coll. 
Staudinger. Exp. 36 millim. Typef $ in Coll. Schaus. 

n2 



180 AECTIADiE. 

h. Fore wing with veins 10, 11 from cell in both sexes ; 
antennae of male pectinate, 
a^. Abdomen crimson. 

a?. Fore wing of male without oblique yellow band... flavorosea. 

h'^. Fore wing of male with oblique yellow band samos. 

b^. Abdomen yellow cotes. 

1547. Neritos flavorosea. 

Evius flavoroseus, Wlk. iii. p. 640 (1855) ; Druce, Biol. Centr,-Am., Het. 
i. p. 90, & ii. p. 367, pi. 73. f. 25 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 198. 




Fig. 103. — Neritos flavorosea, (S . \. 

c? . Purplish crimson ; antennee brown, white at tips ; pectus, 
extremity and ventral surface of abdomen yellow. Fore wing with 
oblique purplish shade from middle of costa to middle of termen. 
Hind wing orange-yellow. 

2 . Fore wing with triangular crimson-edged orange patches on 
middle of costa and termen. 

Sab. Mexico, Yucatan {Gaumer)^ 1 $, Godman-Salvin Coll.; 
Honduras, 1 $ type, Belize {Robertson), 1 d . E.vj). 38 millim. 

*1548. Neritos samos. 

Neritos samos, Druce, A. M.N. H. (6) xviii. p. 39 (1896) ; id. Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 368, pi. 74. f. 1. 

cT . Head and thorax pinkish crimson ; pectus and legs yellow, 
fore legs crimson in front ; abdomen crimson above, yellow below. 
Fore wing pinkish crimson, with oblique yellow band from costa 
just beyond middle to middle of termen, its edges rather sinuous 
and expanding to costa and termen. Hind wing yellow. 

Hab. Br. Honduras, Belize (Moloney), type t d" iQ Coll. Druce, 
Eojj). 34 millim. 

1549. Neritos cotes. 

Neritos cotes, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xviii. p. 38 (1896),c^; id. Biol. Centr.. 

Am., Het. ii. p. 367, pi. 73. f. 24. 
Neritos tipolis, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xviii. p. 39 (1896), $ ; id. Biol. Centr. - 

Am., Het. ii. p. 367, pi. 73. f. 27. 

J . Head and thorax pinkish brown ; vertex of head^ yellow ; 
antennae brown, white at tips ; abdomen orange-yellow. Fore wing 
grey-brown, the inner basal area pinkish ; subtriangular yellow 
patches on middle of costa and termen. Hind wing orange-yellow ; 
underside with fuscous patch on apical part of costa and termen. 



NERITOS* 



181 



' $ . Fore wing with the yellow patches on costa and termen con- 
fluent; the subapical patch reduced leaving more yellow on termen. 
Hah. Costa liiCA, Candelaria Mts. {Underwood)^ 1 S type, God- 
man-Salvin Coll.; Guatemala, typef? tipolis in Coll. Staudinger. 
Kvp, 34 millim. 

B. Fore wing of male without fovea. 

«. Fore wing with veins 10, 11 from cell. 

a^. Hind wing yellow n.eretlna,^ 

//'. Hind wing crimson cardinalh. 

*1550. Neritos nere'.ina. (Plate XLII. fig. 9.) 

Trichromia neretina, Dyar, J. N. Y. Eiit. Soe. vi. p. 37 (1898). 

c^ . Head ochre-yellow; frons purplish brown; thorax purple- 
brown ; legs pale yellow ; fore femora crimson in front ; abdomen 
pale yellow, suffused with crimson on dorsum. Fore wing with the 
ijiner area purple-brown from costa before middle to termen just 
above tornus, its upper edge curved and somewhat dentate at the 
veins; the apical half of wings yellow, with a large purple-brown 
subapical patch extending just into cell and running down to a 
point just below lower angle of cell. Hind wing ^^ellowish white. 

2 ' Fore wing with the projection from subapical patch confluent 
with the dark basal area; hind wing crimson. 

Hah. Venezuela, Area, Porto Cabello ; Peru, Piches and Perene 
Valleys, 2000-3000 feet.. L\vp. 21 millim. 

*1551. Neritos cardinalis, 

Neritos cardtnalis, Dognin, Ann. Soc. Eut. Beige, xliii. p. 327 (1899). 

(5 . Crimson ; head and thorax somewhat mixed with brown ; a 
chrome-yellow bar between antennae ; mid and hind coxae, base of 

tibisB, the spurs, the tarsi 
except at extremity, and the 
ventral surface of abdomen 
yellow. Fore wing thickly 
mottled with purplish fus- 
cous ; an antemedial chrome- 
yellow band angled inwards 
at middle and expanding at 
Vig. lO'i.— Neritos cardinalis, ^ . \. costa; a dome-shaped spot 

on middle of costa; spots 
on termen at apex and vein 4, and an irregularly triangular spot 
above tornus. 

Hah. Colombia {Micay), type t d in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 36 millim. 

b. Fore wing with veins 10, 11 stalked. 

*1552. Neritos nigricoUis. 

Scepsis nigri<;ollum, Dognin, Le Nat. 1892, p. 123 ; id. Lep. Loja, pi. 8. f. 4 
J . Black-brown ; frons and abdomen dorsally tinged with blue 




182 

Hiud wing fuscous black, 
beyond middle. 



ARCTIAD^. 



with the area below the cell white to 




Fig. 105. — Nerltos nigricollis, (^ . \. 
Hah. Ecuador, Loja, typet 6 in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 38 millira. 

Genus PROTOMOLIS, nov. 

Type, P. promathides. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, reaching vertex of head ; antennae 
bipectinate, with moderate branches ; tibiae v^^ith the spurs moderate ; abdomen 
smoothly scaled. Fore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from 
above angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

1553. Protomolis promathides. 

Emereon promathides, Druce, A. M.N. H (6) xiii. p. 172 (1894) ; id. Biol. 
€entr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 363, pi. 73. f. 6. 




Fig. \{iQ.— Protomolis promatliides, (S . \. 

S . Dirty white ; palpi with the 1st joint crimson, the other joints 
and antennae brownish ; neck with some crimson ; legs brownish 
and crimson ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal series of black 
points. Fore wing slightly speckled with fuscous, especially 
toward termen. 

Ilab. Mexico, Presidio (Eorrer), 1 (^ type, Godman-Salvin Coll. 
^rp. 30 millim. 



Genus JEMILIA. ^ 

Type. 

Ameles, Wlk. iii. 711 (1855); nee Burm. Orthoptera, 1838 roseata. 

^Emilia, Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 218 (1892) roseata. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, reaching to just beyond the frons ; 
antennge bipectinate, with moderate branches ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; 
abdomen dorsally clothed with rough hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from 



iEMILlA. 183 

close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 
10, 11 fiom cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from angle of cell ; 4, 5 stalked ; 6, 
from upper angle ; 8 from beyond middle of cell, not reaching costa. 

A. Fore wing whitish, with rufous stripes on the veins amhigiia. 

B. Fore wing rufous, with scarlet streaks on the veins roseata. 

C. Fore wing dark red-brown, with basal and terminal 

patches of white spots ruhrijplaga. 

D. Fore wing dark brown, with yellow patches on coeta. 

a. Tegulse pale yellow in front crassa. 

h. Tegulae wholly dark testudo. 

E. Fore wing uniform dark brown pagana. 

F. Fore wing pale brown, with darker discoidal mark asignata. 

1554. Emilia ambigua. 

Halisidota amhigua, Stretch, Proc. Davenport Acad. Nat, Sci. ii. p. 274, 
pi. 9. f. 7 (1878) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 374 ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 212. 

Seirarctia holteri, H. Edw. Papilio, iv. p. 121 (1884). 

Halesidota syracosia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) iv. p. 87 (1889) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 212. 

Head, tegulse, and part of patagia yellowish or pinkish white ; 
palpi pink ; antennae orange ; the outer part of patagia and thorax 
red-brown ; legs rufous and white ; abdomen dorsally tinged with 
crimson. Fore wing white, with rather broad rufous fasciae on the 
veins, the veins themselves and costa more crimson. Hind wing 
semihy aline white ; the veins yellow-brown ; the inner area tinged 
with crimson. 

Hah. Colorado ; Mexico, Jalapa, Guerrero {H. H. Smith), 1 2 ; 
Guatemala. (Bodriguez), 1 cJ , Godman-Salvin Coll. Exjo., (^ 40, 
2 50 millim. 

1555. Emilia roseata. (Plate XLII. fig. 20.) 

Halisidota roseata, Wlk. Lord's Nat. in Vancouver, ii. p. 336 (1868) • 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 218. 
Pkcegoptera cinnamomea, Boisd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xii. p. 80 (]868)- 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 212. 
Halesidota significans, H. Edw. Ent. Am. iii. p. 182 (1888) ; Kirby Cat 

Het. p. 212. 
Halisidota sanguivenosa, Neum. Can. Ent. xxiv. p, 228 (1892). 

5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen scarlet; frons with some ochreous 
hair above ; patagia and thorax streaked with ochreous ; the hair on 
legs and on base of abdomen ochreous. Fore wing red-brown, the 
veins, costa, inner margin beyond middle, and termen scarlet ; 
ochreous streaks on basal area below costa, two in cell, two in sub- 
median interspace, and one on inner margin ; a scarlet line from 
costa near base very oblique to vein 1, where it is acutely angled ; 
two semihyaline spots in end of cell ; an oblique series from costa 
beyond middle to middle of inner margin, slightly excurved at 
middle, the spots on costa and inner margin ochreous; a subterminal 



184 



ARCTIAD^. 



series of dentate semihyaline spots. Hind wing semihyaline 
yellowish white, the margins yellower, the inner margin slightly 
tinged with scarlet. 

Ab. 1. significans. Pore wing with the spots ill-defined, confluent, 
forming bands crossing the veins which are only scarlet between 
them. 

Hab. Br. Columbia, Chulukwegah (Ti^ail), 1 $ type; U.S.A., 
California, New Mexico. E.xy. 38 millim. 

Subsp. 1. occidentalis, French, Can. Ent. xxii. p. 46 (1890); Kirbj, Cat. 
Het. p. 209. 

The red markings replaced by ochreous. 
Bab. Colorado. 

1556. .ffimilia rubriplaga. (Plate XLII. fig. 1.) 
Ameles rubriplaga, Wlk. iii. 712 (1853) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 218. 

2 . Dark red-brown, upper part of frons and vertex of head 
yellowish white with brown mark ; tegnlse and patagia with 
yellowish-white patches ; pectus and legs yellow, the tibia3 and tarsi 
brown with yellowish-white bands ; abdomen crimson, with brown 
dorsal patch from base to middle, the last two segments and ventral 
surface orange-yellow. Fore wing with white basal patch from 
costa to vein 1, crossed by a yellowish waved band defined by fine 
brown lines, and with slight orange points beyond it on costal area 
and in cell ; a broad oblique band of yellow and white spots defined 
by brown from middle of costa to vein 1 ; a terminal patch of white 
spots with yellow ones between them defined by fine brown lines 
from costa to vein .S, leaving a brown spot on termen between veins 
5 and 6 ; some yellow points on cilia. Hind wing fuscous brown, 
the base and costal area to near apex crimson ; cilia with yellow 
spots. 

Hab. Venezuela, 1 5 type. Exp. 48 millim. 

1557. -ffimilia crassa. (Plate XLII. fig. 2.) 

Automolis crassa, Wlk. xxxi. 104 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 166. 

d . Head pale yellow ; palpi, a bar across frons, and antennae 
brown ; neck with pink ring ; tegulse and shoulders pale yellow, the 
former with the extremities brown, the edges of patagia and thorax 
orange and pale pink ; pectus pink ; legs pale yellow and brown, 
the tarsi banded with white ; abdomen fuscous brown, with pale 
yellow segmental rings, the ventral surface yellow, the anal tuft 
and a lateral series of spots brown. Fore wing semihyaline brown, 
the median nervure and vein 1 streaked with orange ; yellow fulvous- 
edged patches on middle and apical part of costa. Hind wing 
hyaline, the costal and inner areas brown, a yellow patch on middle 
of costa. 

Hab. Colombia, Bogota (Stevens), 1 (S type. Exp. 42 millim. 



iEMILIA. — TYIUA. 185 

1558. JEmilia testudo, n. sp. (Plate XLII. fig. 21.) 

(S . Dark brown, vertex of head pale yellow ; shoulders with 
pale yellow patches ; neck j)inkish fulvous ; tarsi ringed with 
yellow. Fore win^ brown with a slight silvery gloss ; the median 
nervure streaked with fulvous ; yellow spots on costa at middle and 
before apex. Hind wing hyaline, the terminal area tinged with 
fuscous broadly at apex and tornus. 

Hab. Peru, Chanchamayo (Thamm), 1 (S type. ErvjJ. 34 millim,. 

1559. JEmilia pagana. 

Halisidota pagana, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 230. 

Black-brown ; palpi orauge, black at tip ; the basal joint of 
antennae, a bar between their bases, and the sides of vertex orange ; 
the edges of patagia, pectus, and femora above orange ; abdomen 




Fig. 101 .—Mmilia pagana, $. }. 

with lateral orange bands intersecting the dorsal black area, which 
on the last two segments is more or less reduced to spots. Fore 
wing with the veins darker ; some orange hair at base of inner 
margin of fore wing and at base of hind wing, which is rather 
thinly scaled. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana (Jones), 1 J . E^rp. 42 millim. 
Type t in Coll. Schaus. 

1560. Emilia asignata, n. sp. (Plate XLII. %. 7.) • ' 

Pale brown ; palpi at tips and frons fuscous ; vertex of head 
yellowish ; abdomen dorsally orange, with short dorsal bands and 
lateral series of spots. Fore wing with the discocellulars fuscous. 
Hind wing whitish, tinged wdth brown towards termen. 

Hab. Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, 1 $ type, J in Coll. Staudinger. 
Eayp. 44 millim. 

Genus TYRIA. 

Type. 

T^ria, Hiibn. Verz. p. 166 (1827) Jacob<sa. 

Euchelia, Boisd. Gen. Ind. Meth. p. 56 ( 1840) jacohcBce, 

Hipocrita, Hiibn. Tent, ined jacobaos. 

Proboscis aborted, small ; palpi porrect, short, and clothed with long hair ; 
head and thorax clothed with rough hair ; abdomen more smoothly scaled ; 
antennae of male ciliated ; tibia with the spurs moderate. Fore wing with 
vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 6 from above angle ; 6 from upper angle 
or from 7 ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10 from 11 anastomosing with 7, 8, 9 to form an 
areole, 6 being sometimes connected with 7. Hind wmg with veins 3, 4 from 
angle ; 5 well above angle ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 



186 AECTIAD^. 

1561. Tyria jacobaeae. 

Noctua jacohacB, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 511 (1758); Esp. Schmett. iv. (1) 
p. 87, pi. 91. ff. 6-8 ; Curtis, Brit. Ent. v. pi. 499 ; Steph. III. Brit. Eut., 
Haust. ii. p. 90 ; Staud. Cat. p. 56 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 351. 

Callimorpha senecionis, Grodt. Lep. Fr. ir. p. 377, pi. 42. f. 4 (1822). 

Euchelia jacohcBa, ab. Jlavescens, Thierry Mieg, Le Nat. ser. ii. vol. iii. p. 181 
(1889). 

Head, thorax, and abdomen black-brown with a slight bluish 
gloss. Fore wing fuscous ; a crimson subcostal fascia ending in a 
spot near base on costa and one towards apex just below costa ; a 
fascia on inner margin from close to base to middle ; terminal spots 
on veins 6 and 2. Hind wing crimson, the costal area and cilia 
fuscous. 




Fig. 108. — Tyria jacob(B(B, (^ . \. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the terminal spots conjoined into a baud 
and conjoined to the subcostal fascia. 

Ab. 2. flavescens. The crimson replaced by yellow. 

Hah. Europe except Polar region, Norway, Germany, Switzer- 
land, Zeller and Frey Colls. ; Asia Minor; Armenia ; Altai. Exp. 
40-48 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 37 ; Barratt, Lep. Brit. ii. p. 248, pi. 69. f. 4. 

Orange ; hairs black, scanty ; each somite with a loroad black 
ring ; head black, tubercle i. anterior, ii. posterior, iii. lateral ; 
iv. small, stigmatal, posterior ; v. sub ventral; vi, subventral posterior 
with two hairs, vii. with four hairs, viii. with one hair. Food- 
plants, Senecio jacobcea, S. vulc/aris, and Tussilago farfara. 

Genus EUCHL^NIDIA, nov. 

Ty E . iranscisa. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi obliquely upturned to above vertex of head 
and roughly scaled ; antennce of female bipectinate, with moderate branches ; 
tibiae "with the spurs short ; build slender. Fore wing with vein 3 from well 
before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 5 from well 
above angle ; 6, 7 on a long stalk ; 8 from before middle of cell, which is long. 

1562. Euchlaenidia transcisa. 

PhcBOcJdcBna transcisa, Wlk. ii. 468 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 291. 

5 . Brown ; 1st joint of palpi, sides of frons, and neck orange ; 
metathorax with orange patch ; abdomen with lateral and ventral 
orange stripes. Eore wing yellow-brown, the veins rather paler ; 



EUCHL^NIDIA. BRTCEA. 



187 



an oblique yellowish band from costa beyond middle to inner 
margin near tornus. Hind wing orange, with the terminal area 
black, very broad on apical area and at tornus where it runs up to 
middle of inner margin, the orange ending in a point on vein 2. 




Fig. 109. — EuchlcBnidia traMScisa, J • \- 

Underside of fore wing with the band wide, orange, and expanding 
widely from below costa to just above inner margin. 
Hah. BRAzil, 2 $ type. Exp, 44 millim. 



Genus BRYCEA. 



Brycea, Wlk. ii. 563 (1854) 



4r. 



Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, hardly reaching vertex of head ; 
antennae of male ciliated ; tibige with the spurs moderate ; abdomen with 
some rough hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of 
cell ; 4, 5 from angle, or 5 from above angle ; 6 from below upper angle or 
stalked with 7, 8, 9 ; 7 sometimes from the same point as 9 or from beyond it. 
Hind wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell, which is long ; 4, 5 from 
angle ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 

1563. Brycea disjuncta. 

Brycea disjuncta, Wlk. li. 563 (1854) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am,, Het. i. 

p. 126, pi. 12. f. 23 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 291. 
Euchelia jenna, Boisd. Lep. Gruat. p. 96 (1869). 




Fig. 110. — Brycea disjuncta, (5*. j. 

Black shot with deep green ; tegulae orange. Fore wing with 
orange fascia on median nervure from near base to lower angle of 
cell ; a somewhat curved band across apical area from below costa 
to near termen, and a spot above tornus. Hind wing with slight 
purplish instead of green tinge ; a wedge-shaped orange patch in and 
below cell to just beyond upper angle and to well beyond lower angle. 

Hah. ? Mexico ; ? Guatemala ; Brazil, 1 d , 1 $ type. Exj). 
42 millim. 



188 AECTIAD^. 

Genus HOLOMELINA. ^ 

Tjppe. 

Euhaphc, Hiibn. Zutr, ex. Schmett. ii. p. 9 (1827), non descr. ; 

Wlk. ii. 523 (1854) aurantiaca.. 

Crocota, Hiibn. Zutr. ex. Schmett. ii. p. 28 (1827), non descr. ; 

Wlk. ii. 535 (1854) aurantiaca, 

Holomelina, Herr.-ScbafF. Aussereur. Schmett. p. 15 (1850) ... aurantiaca. 

Cathocida, Wlk. xxxii. 499 (1865) opella. 

Proboscis absent ; palpi porrect, downcurved, extending more than length^ 
of head ; frons with tuft of hair ; antennse of male ciliated ; tibiae with the 
spurs short. Fore wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 from 
angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 10 stalked, 9 absent, 7 from bejond 10 ; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with vein 4 absent ; 5 from above angle ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 
from before middle of cell. 

A. Hind wing crimson. 

a. Fore wing with white fasciae on costa and in discal and 

submedian folds , polyphron.. 

h. Fore wing without white fasciae. 

a^. Hind wing with the inner area crimson. 

a^. Vertex of head crimson cocciniceps. 

h'^. Vertex of head brown. 

a^. Underside of fore wing crimson to beyond 

middle semirosea 

b^. Underside of fore wing not crimson Iceta. 

h^. Hind wing with the inner area black. 

a-. Underside of fore wing with the terminal area not 
black. 

a^. Palpi crimson at base ostenta, 

P. Palpi black at base pomponia. 

h'^. Underside of fore wing with the terminal area black, mirina, 

B. Hind wing scarlet or tinged with scarlet, rarely wholly 

blackish. 
a. Head and underside of thorax and abdomen black. 

a^. Hind wing with complete terminal black band metazonaia. 

h^. Hind wing with large black patch at tornus rogersi.. 

h. Head and underside of thorax and abdomen brown and 
scarlet. 
a^. Hind wing with the inner area not suffused with black. 

a^. Fore wing orange aurantiaca. 

b'^. Fore wing fuscous grey or brown with scarlet costal 
edge. 
a"*. Hind wing without broad black terminal band ... costata. 

b^. Hind wing with broad black terminal band intermedia, 

b^. Hind wing with the inner area sulFused with black ... opella. 
c. Head and thorax ferruginous brown without any scarlet. 

a^. Antennae whitish pallicornis. 

b^. Antennae fulvous. 

ff^. Fore wing with white streak at base below cell heros. 

b'^. Fore wing with white spots disparilis. 

C. Hind wing ochreous; fore wing with white fascia below 

base of cell lata. 

D. Hind wing orange or partly orange. 

a. Fore wing with white fascia below base of cell and spot 

below its extremity fero7iia. 

b. Fore wing without white fascia below the cell. 

«\ Fore wiug with triangular orange patch on base of 
costa. 
a'"^. Fore wing with the orange patch produced along 

costa to beyond middle pamphylia. 



HOLOMELIXA. 189 

h"^. Fore wing with the orange patch not produced on 

costa trigonifera. 

h^. Fore wing with orange fascia on costa to bejond middle, cetes. 
c^. Fore wing without orange on costa. 

a^. Palpi orange at base csula. 

h'^. Palpi black at base. 

a^. Hind wing with broad black terminal band arhela. 

b^. Hind wing with the cilia only black tenuicincta. 

1564. Holomelina polyphron. 

BcBiiasa polyphron, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xiii. p. 177 (1894) ; id. Biol. 
Oentr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 399, pi. 78. f. 9. 

6 . Head and thorax black-brown ; shoulders with crimson 
points ; femora crimson above ; abdomen black, with crimson seg- 
mental lines on dorsum and lateral stripes. Fore wing black-brown, 
the costal edge ochreous white ; a fascia in submedian fold from 
base to near termen and one in discal fold from discocellulars to 
near termen. Hind wing crimson ; the inner area black ; a broad 
terminal black band with waved inner edge. Underside of fore 
wing with the fasciae crimson. 

Hah. Mexico, 1 d" , Morelia (6rocZman), Id" type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 22 millim. 

1565. Holomelina cocciniceps. (Plate XLII. fig. 10.) 

Eiihaphe cocciniceps, Schaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 269 (1901). 

$ . Palpi scarlet at base, the 3rd joint and frons brown ; vertex 
of head and neck scarlet ; thorax brown ; abdomen blackish, brown 
below. Fore wing greyish brown ; the costal edge crimson from 
base to beyond middle ; a minute crimson point at base and some- 
times one on discocellulars. Hind wing crimson, with moderately 
broad black terminal band with sinuous inner edge. Underside of 
fore wing crimson with brown terminal band, the crimson somewhat 
diffused over it. 

Hah. U.S.A., Colorado, Manitou, 1 2 . Exp. 36 millim. Typef 
2 in Coll. Schaus. 

1566. Holomelina semirosea. 

Brycea semirosea, Druce, A. M.N, H. (6) iv. p. 89 (1889) ; id, Biol. Centr.- 
Am,, Het, ii, p, 396, pi. 77. f. 20; Kirbj, Cat. Het. p. 291. 

c? . Head and thorax dull brown ; basal joint of palpi, a ring 
round neck, stripes below shoulders and patches on sides of fore 
coxge crimson ; abdomen blackish, with slight lateral crimson streaks. 
Fore wing dull brown, the costal edge crimson to beyond middle ; 
a short streak on base of inner margin. Hind wing crimson, with 
broad black terminal band with somewhat sinuous inner edge. 
Underside of fore wing crimson ; the terminal area blackish, its 
inner edge bent outwards to costa and inner margin. 

Hah. Mexico, Vera Cruz, Atoy slq (Schumann), 1 c^type, Godman- 
Salvin Coll. Exp. 38 millim. 



190 AECTIAD^. 

1567. Holomelina laeta. 

Lithosia lata, Guer. Icon. R. Anim., Ins. p. 619, pi. 88. f. 6 (1839); Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. o53. 
Crocota treatii, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. iv. p. 322 (1865) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 353. 
Lithosia rubropicta, Pack. Ent. Am. iii. p 52 (1887) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

pp. 326, 353. 

c? . Head and thorax black-brown ; palpi with the basal joint 
crimson ; abdomen crimson above with dorsal maculate black stripe, 
the ventral surface black. Fore wing black- brown, with the costal 
edge crimson to beyond middle. Hind wing crimson, with the 
terminal area black-brown. 

Hab. U.S.A., Atlantic States, Florida, Tampa, 2 cS , Grote Coll. 
Ex^. 24 raillim. 

1568. Holomelina ostenta. (Plate XLII. fig. 17.) 

Crocota ostenta, H. Edw. Papilio, i. p. 12 (1881); Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 353. 

Palpi blackish ; head and thorax pale yellow-brown, with some 
orange-red on neck and shoulders ; pectus and legs grey-brown ; ab- 
domen black with slender lateral crimson stripe, the ventral surface 
brown. Fore wing pale yellow-brown, with orange-red costal fascia 
to beyond middle. Hind wing crimson, the inner area black, widening 
outwardly and running with an irregularly waved inner edge to 
apex. Underside of fore wing crimson, the costa orange. 

Nah. U.S.A,, Arizona, Ic?. Exj). 36 millim. 

1569. Holomelina pomponia. 

Ttychoglene pomponia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) iv. p. 89 (1889) ; id. Biol. 
Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 398, pi. 78. f. 8 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 313. 

2 . Head and thorax dark brown ; shoulders with crimson 
stripes ; abdomen blue-black, with slight lateral crimson stripes. 
Fore wing red-brown, with crimson costal fascia. Hind wing blue- 
black, with the costal area crimson, extending to above median 
nervure and vein 5 and to termen at apex. Underside of fore 
wing crimson except cilia ; the crimson on hind wing extending to 
median nervure and to below vein 3 near termen. 

Hah, Mexico, Guerrero {H. H. Smith), 1 $ type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 38 milHm. 

*1570. Holomelina mirma. 

Bryceamirma, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 396, pi. 77. f. 22(1897). 

J . Head and thorax dark olive-brown ; palpi at base and a stripe 
on shoulders scarlet; abdomen blue- black with lateral scarlet streak, 
the ventral surface browner. Fore wing reddish brown, with scarlet 
fascia on costa extending to beyond middle. Hind wing black, with 



i 



HOLOMELINA. 191 

large scarlet patch on costa extending to near apex and to below 
cell, its lower edge rounded and indented at middle. Underside of 
fore wing scarlet, with terminal black band expanding below apex 
and dentate above tornus. 

Hah. Mexico, Las Vegas, type t d" in Coll- Schaus. Exp. 30 
millim. 

1571. Holomelina metazonata, n. sp. (Plate XLII. fig. 18.) 

2 . Head and thorax red -brown ; neck with orange ring; abdo- 
men orange-red, with dorsal fascia and the extremity blackish, the 
ventral surface grey. Fore wing red-brown. Hind wing orange- 
red, with rather broad terminal black band with sinuous inner edge. 
Underside of fore wing orange-red, ?with tbe costal and terminal 
areas black- brown, the latter expanding widely towards costa. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui (Trbtsch), 1 5 type; Colombia. Exp. 
38 millim. 

1572. Holomelina rogersi. 

Eubapheroffersi, Bruce, Biol Centr.- Am., Het. i. p. 136, pi. 13. f. 8 (1885); 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 353. 

2 . Palpi, frons, and antennsB black ; vertex of head and thorax 
above yellow-brown ; abdomen scarlet above ; pectus, legs, and 
ventral surface of abdomen black. Fore wing yellow-brown suffused 
with red-brown. Hind wing scarlet, with more or less developed 
black subterminal spot in discal fold and a large somewhat irregular 
patch at tornus ; the cilia usually black. Underside of fore 
wing with black spot at tornus. 

Hah. Costa Kica, Irazu, Rio Sucio (Bogers), 3 $ , type. Exp. 34 
millim. 

1573. Holomelina aurantiaca. 

Eubaphe aurantiaca. Hiibn. Zutr. ex. Schmett, ii. p. 9, ff. 411-412 (1827); 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 352. 
Crocota rubicundaria, Hiibn. Zutr. ex. Schmett. ii. p. 28, ff. 311-312 

(1827). 
Crocota ferruginosa, Wlk. ii. 535 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 352. 
Crocota brevicornis, Wlk. ii. 536 (1854) ; Druce. Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. 

p. 136 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 352. 
Crocota qui?iaria, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. ii. p. 30, pi. 2. f. 2 (1863) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 352. 
Crocota choriona, Reak. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. ii. p. 371 (1864). 
Arctia bimaculata, Saund. Can. Ent. ii. p. 5 (1869) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 268. 
Crocata helfragei, Stretch, Ent. Am. i. p. 103 (1885) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 352. 
Eubaphe marginata, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 136, pi. 13. f. 8 

(1885) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 353. 
Crocota diminutiva, Graef, Ent. Am. iii. p. 42 (1887) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 352. 
Crocota rosa, French, Can. Ent. xxii. p. 133 (1890) ; Kirbv, Cat. Het. 

p. 353. 




192 ARCTIADJS. 

Head and thorax orange ; antennae black; abdomen scarlet above. 

Fore wing orange. Hind wing 
scarlet. 

Ab. 1. ferrnginosa. Fore 
wing browner, with traces 
of diffused dark antemedial, 
medial, and subterminal lines, 
sometimes with a whitish spot 
below origin of vein 2 ; hind 
Fig- 111- wing sometimes with blackish 

Holomelina aurantiaca, J. \. subterminal spots in discal and 

submedian folds. 
Ab. 2. hrevicornis. Hind wing with subterminal band sometimes 
nearly complete, sometimes interrupted at middle and not reaching 
costa ; a discoidal spot sometimes present. 

Ab. 3. ruhicundaria=marginata. Hind wing with discoidal spot 
and continuous terminal band; fore wing browner; hind wing 
usually orange tinged with scarlet. 

Ab. 4. quinaria. Fore wing with white spots more or less deve- 
loped below base and end of cell, in end of cell, and a postmedial 
series ; the colour sometimes red-brown ; hind wing with subter- 
minal maculate band, the cilia sometimes black. 

Hab. Canada, Hudson's Bay, type ferruginosa^ Eenfrew Co., 
Grote Coll. ; U.S.A., Atlantic States, New York, Massachusetts, 
Texas, Florida, Grote and Zeller Colls., type hrevicornis'^ Mexico, 
Jalapa {Trujillo), 1 d*, 1 $ , Cordova (Rumeli), 1 c? , 2 $ , Orizaba 
(Godman) 1 d" , Coatepec (^roo/;*), 1 c? , Vera Cruz (ff. H. Smith), 
1 (S , 1 $ , Durango (Forrer), 1 S ; Guatemala, Duenas (Champion), 
4 (5" , 1 $ , type marginata. Eocp. 16-28 millim. 

*1574. Holomelina costata. (Plate XLII. fig. 15.) 

Crocota costata, Stretch, Ent. Am. i. p. 103 (1884) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 352. 
Crocota opelloides, Graef, Ent. Am. iii. p. 42(1887); Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 353. 

(S . Head and thorax fuscous grey ; palpi scarlet except at tips ; 
vertex of head scarlet with a fuscous spot ; pectus, coxae, and base 
of femora scarlet; abdomen scarlet, the ventral surface yellow-brown. 
Fore wing fuscous grey, the costa scarlet. Underside of fore wing 
scarlet. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas. Exp. 32 millim. 

*1575. Holomelina intermedia. (Plate XLII. fig. 11.) 

Crocota intermedia, Graef, Ent. Am. iii. p. 42 (1887) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. 
p. 353. 

$ . Head and thorax brown ; palpi at base and a rim behind the 
eyes scarlet ; abdomen black above, brown below. Fore wing 
yellow-brown, the costal edge scarlet. Hind wing scarlet, the 
terminal area black with sinuous inner edge. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas. Exp. 34 millim. 



HOLOMELINA. 103 

I 

1576. Holomelina opella. 

Cfocota opella, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. i. p. 345, & ii. pi. 2. f. 1 (I860); 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 353. 
Crocota nigricans, Reak. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. ii. p. 371 (1864) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p, 352. 
Cofhocida nigrifera, Wlk. xxxii. 499 (1865) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 489. 
Crocota obscura, Stretch, Ent. Am. i. p. 103 (1885; ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 352. 
Crocota rubricosta, Ehrm. Can. Ent. xxvii. p. 345 (1895). 
Crocota belmaria, Ehrm. Can. Eat. xxvii. p. 315 (1895). 

S . Head and thorax yellow-brown ; antennae blackish ; abdomen 
yellow-brown with dorsal black bands. Pore win,2: yellow-browii, 
slightly tinged with fuscous towards inner margin. Hind wing black, 
with indistinct discoidal spot, or the spot more distinct on a dull 
crimson patch on costal area extending to just beyond the cell. 

$ . Hind wing ochreous tinged with crimson, the inner and 
terminal areas suffused with black ; a black discoidal spot. 

Ab. 1. rubricosta: the whole insect suffused with black, leaving a 
crimson fascia on middle of costa of hind wing. 

Ab. 2. nigricans =helmaria : wholly suffused with black. 

Hah. U.S.A., Atlantic States, New York, 1 $ Grote Coll., 2 6 
type nigrifera. Exp., 6 24, $ 30 millim. 

Egg. Dyar, Psyche, 1897, p. 119. 

Nearly hemispherical, flat below ; shining yellowish nacreous ; 
reticulation obscure, narrowly linear-like fine lines traced on the 
smooth surface in rather elongate irregular hexagonals. Diam. 
•55 mm. 

Larva. 1st stage : head bilobed, pale reddish brown, width '3 
mm. ; body whitish, with very long black hairs ; warts i.-v. 
present, large, the edges fitted in slopes to each other, luteous grey ; 
hairs spinulated, i.-iv. black and especially long. 

2nd stage : head whitish, eyes black, mouth brown ; width '38 
mm. ; body whitish, the warts concolorous ; i. very small, one-haired ; 
ii. large, many-haired; feet pale; hairs fine, black, some much longer, 
distributed all over body. 

Last stage : head black above ; clypeus and sutures brown : width 
1*8 mm., body dull grey ; warts and plates black ; hairs stiff, black, 
short uniform except on wart ii. of thorax and iii. of abdomen, 
where it is long forming lateral ridges of hair. 

Cocoon a somewhat sticky web of white silk. 

The eggs are laid at end of July, and the larvoe hybernate when 
about half-grown ; they feed on almost any tender leaves. 

*1577. Holomelina pallicornis. 

Crocota pallicornis, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. vi. p. 312 (1867) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 352. 

$ . Head and thorax dark ferruginous brown ; antennae clothed 
with whitish scales ; abdomen scarlet above. Fore wing dark 
ferruginous brown, a spot formed of white scales at base, the wing 

VOL. III. 



194 ARCTIAD^, 

very slightly irrorated with white ; postmedial diffused fuscous 
marks beyond the cell and above vein 1; the subterminal area paler, 
defined by a fuscous shade ou inner side and on outer deepening in 
colour to termen. Hind wing pale dull rosy or reddish orange, with 
a blackish discoidal point and one above tornus. Underside red- 
dish orange, each wing with discoidal point. 

Hab. Cuba. Eocp. 28 millim. This species is unknown to me ; 
the type is lost. 

*1578. Holomelina heros. (Plate XLIY. fig. 9.) 

Crocofa heros, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 232, pi. 4. f. 2 (1865) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 352. 

5 . Head and thorax tawny fulvous; abdomen paler, with obscure 
blackish dorsal marks. Fore wing tawny fulvous, with obscure dark 
marks representing the medial band, the discoidal spot, and subter- 
minal marks of underside ; a short white streak edged by dark 
scales in base of submedian fold. Hind wing fulvous, tinged with 
scarlet especially on terminal area; an antemedial black band not 
reaching costa and excurved below the cell ; a large discoidal lunule ; 
a subterminal spot above vein 5 and conjoined spots between vein 3 
and inner margin. Underside fulvous tinged with scarlet ; fore 
wing with broad black subbasal band, a discoidal spot, and obsolescent 
subterminal series of black dots. 

Rab. Cuba. E.vj). 34 millim. This species is unknown to me ; 
figured from a drawing from type in Mus. Philadelphia. 

*1579. Holomelina disparilis. (Plate XLIV. fig. 15.) 

Crocota disparilis, Gi-ote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 233 (1865) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 352. 

2 . Head and thorax rich dark brown ; abdomen fulvous, with 
obscure dark dorsal markings. Fore wing rich dark brown ; a 
whitish spot at base, one in end of cell, another below the cell, and 
a fourth, sometimes absent, below the costa towards apex ; terminal 
area paler. Hind wing bright fulvous tinged with scarlet; an ante- 
medial black band, a discoidal spot, and a subterminal maculate 
band. Underside of fore wing dusky irrorated with reddish scales ; 
a broad black subbasal band with pale edges, a black discoidal spot 
and a subterminal series of black points. 

Hab. Cuba. Exy. 30 millim. This species is unknown to me; 
figured from a drawing from type in Mus. Philadelphia. 

*1580. Holomelina lata. 

Cytorns latus, Grote. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 232, pi. 4. f. 1 (1865) ; 
■ Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 353. 

S . Brownish ochreous. Fore wing with white streak below the 
cell from base to origin of vein 2 ; some fuscous suffusion in cell 
and above vein 2. Hind wing ochreous yellow. 



HOLOMELINI. 195 

Hah. Cuba. £'.r/>. 25 millim. This species is unknown to me; 
type in Mus. Philadelphia examined by Prof. Dyar. 

1581. Holomelina feronia. 

Bryceaferonia, Druce, A.M. N. H. (6) iv. p. 89 (1889) ; id. Biol. Centr.-Aiu., 
Het. ii. p. 396, pi. 77. f. 21 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 291. 

(S . Head and thorax dark olive-brown ; basal joint of palpi below, 
a ring round neck, and fore coxae at sides crimson ; abdomen black, 
with broad orange lateral stripes, the ventral surface grey. Fore 
wing olive-brown, darker on inner area; a whitish fascia below 
the cell from base to origin of vein 2 ; a quadrate spot below end of 
cell, its lower edge in one specimen produced along vein 2 to near 
termen. Hind wing orange-yellow, with black terminal band 
widening greatly on apical area and towards tornus. Underside of 
fore wing orange ; the costal edge brown ; the terminal area brown, 
its inner edge angled inwards to near lower angle of cell, then in- 
dented by the orange extending to near termen between veins 3 and 
2, the brown running inwards above vein 1 to near base. 

Hah. Mexico, Guerrero, Omilteme (//. H. Smith), 4 c^" type, 
Godman-Salvin Coll. Kvp. 30 millim. 

1582. Holomelina pamphylia. 

Ph/choglene pampkylia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) iv. p. 90 (1889) ; id. Biol. 
(Dentr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 399, pi. 78. f. 10 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 313. 

S . Head and thorax dark brown ; palpi with the 1st joint, and 
the 2nd joint below orange ; tegulae slightly edged with orange ; 
shoulders with scarlet stripes ; abdomen black, with orange lateral 
stripes. Fore wing black-brown, with orange patch on base of costa 
extending to vein 1, its outer edge oblique and ending in a point on 
costa beyond middle. Hind wing black ; the basal area orange, 
extending on costa to beyond middle, its outer edge irregular 
towards inner margin. Underside of fore wing tinged with scarlet 
towards costa. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalisco {Schumann)^ 1 S type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Exp. 28 millim. 

1583. Holomelina trigonifera. (Plate XLII. fig. 12.) 

Holomelina trigonifera, Scliaus, A. M. N. H. (7) vii. p. 269 (1901). 

S . Black ; palpi at base and stripes on shoulders orange ; 
abdomen with slight lateral orange stripes. Fore wing with 
triangular orange patch on basal half of costa extending to vein 1, 
its outer edge rounded. Hind wing with triangular orange-red 
patch on basal half of costa, extending to just below the cell, its 
outer edge rounded and slightly irregular. Underside of fore wing 
with the basal half orange, its outer edge sinuous. 

Hah. Mexico, Guadalajara, 1 6 . Exp. 28 millim. Type t in 
Coll. Schaus. 

o2 



196 AUCTIABM, 

*1584. Holomelina cetes. 

Bri/cea cetes, Druce, Biol. Cent,r.-Am., Het. ii. p. 396, pi. 77. f. 18 (1897). 

c? . Head and thorax dark olive-brown ; palpi orange-red below 
at base ; shoulders with orange-red stripes ; abdomen blue-black, 
with orange-red lateral stripe, the ventral surface olive-brown. 
Fore wing olive-brown, with orange-red fascia on costa extending to 
beyond middle. Hind wing black, with large triangular orange- 
yellow patch on basal three fourths of costa extending to just below 
cell. Underside of fore wing yellow, tinged with scarlet towards 
costa, a terminal black band with irregular inner edge. 

Bab. Mexico, Oaxaca, type f <5 in Coll. Schaus. Eccp, 
30 millim. 

1585. Holomelina esula. 

JBrt/cea esula, Druce. A. M. N. H. (6) iv. p. 88 (1889); id. Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 395, pi. 77. f. 17 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 291. 

<5 . Head and thorax yellow-brown ; antennae blackish ; basal 
joint of palpi, a ring round neck, a stripe below the wings, and fore 
coxae at sides orange ; abdomen with black dorsal stripe, broad 
orange lateral stripes, the ventral surface brown^ Fore wing yellow- 
brown, with the costal edge orange to beyond middle. Hind wing 
orange-yellow, with broad black terminal band with somewhat 
sinuous inner edge. Underside of fore wing orange, the terminal 
area black-brown, its inner edge bent outwards to costa and inner 
margin. 

Ilab. Mexico, Cuernavaca, Morelos (H, S. Smith), 2 (^ type. 
Rvj). 32 millim. 

1586. Holomelina arbela. 

Urycea arbela, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) iv. p. 89 (1889) ; id. Biol. Centr.-Am., 
iSet. ii. p. 396, pi. 77. f. 19 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 291. 

(5 . Head and thorax dark brown ; palpi at base and a ring 
round neck orange ; abdomen blackish, with slight orange lateral 
streaks. Pore wing dull brown, the costal edge orange to beyond 
middle. Hind wing orange-yellow, with broad black terminal band 
with waved inner edge. Underside of fore wing orange-yellow, 
the terminal area blackish, its inner edge angled inwards below 
costa and in submedian fold. 

Hab. Mexico City (Godman), 1 cJ type, Godman-Salvin Coll 
Exp. 40 millim. 

1587. Holomelina tenuicincta, n. sp. (Plate XLII. fig. 13.) 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen black-brown ; abdomen with 
subdorsal orange patches at base and subdorsal segmental lines. 
Hind wing orange-yellow ; the cilia black except at tornus. 
Underside of fore wing orange, the costal edge black : the terminal 
area black, with irregularly dentate inner edge extending above 



VIRBIA. 



197 



vein 5 to discocellulars ; hind wing with the termen narrowly black, 
broadening somewhat at apex and extending slightly along the 
veins. 

Hah. Peru, Vilcan {Garlepp), 1 d* type. Exp. 32 millim. 



Genus VIRBIA. ^^. ^ 

FtrA^«, Wik. ii. 470 (1854) medarda. 

Bepara, Wlk. xxxi. 143 (1864) suhapicalis. 

Tenia, Wlk. xxxi. 267 (1864) dotata. 

Proboscis aborted, minute, ; palpi porrect, downcurved, extending about the 
length of head ; frons with slight tuft ; antennae of male ciliated ; buihi 
slender ; tibiae with the spurs short. Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle 
of cell ; 6 from upper angle or shortly stalked with 7, 8, 9, 10, 7 from beyond 9 ; 
11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from angle of cell, 4 absent ; 6, 7 
stalked ; 8 from before middle of cell. 

A. Fore wing with whitish fascia below base of cell. 

a. Neck with crimson ring thersites. 

b. Neck without crimson ring. 

a^. Fore wing with postmedial white spot above vein 1 
sometimes connected with the fascia. 
a?. Hind wing with the black terminal band not 

produced on inner area towards base dotata. 

b^. Hind wing with the black terminal band produced 

on inner area towards base varians. 

h^. Fore wing wdthout postmedial white spot above 

vein 1 hreviUnea. 

B. Fore wing without white fascia below base of cell. 

a. Palpi with the basal joint orange lideilinea. 

h. Palpi with the basal joint dark. 

a^. Neck with crimson ring sanguicolUs. 

b^. Neck without crimson ring. 

«2. Fore wing with orange patch on underside. 
a^. Hind wing with the orange extending to base. 
a^. Hind wing with the orange extending to 
termen below apex. 
a^. Hind wing orange, with black subterminal 

spots on veins 2 and 1 ampla. 

6'. Hind wing with costal black fascia and 

large triangular patch on inner area zonata. 

b*. Hind wing with the termen black below apex. 
a\ Hind wing with the orange on inner 

margin reaching torn us medarda. 

b^. Hind wing with orange patch at base of 

inner margin divisa. 

h^. Hind wing with the orange confined to a sub- 
apical patch subapicalis. 

b"^. Fore wing without orange patch on underside. 

a^. Hind wing orange, with terminal black band ... hypophaa. 
i3. Hind wing black, with orange fasciae in cell and 

on base of inner margin xanthopleura 



1588. Virbia thersites. 

Virhia thersites, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 144, pi. 13. f 24 (1885) ' 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 400. 

^ . Head and thorax dark olive-brown : neck with crimson 



198 AECTIAD^. 

ring ; pectus with orange stripes below the wings ; abdomen black 
with lateral orange stripes, the ventral surface olive-brown. Fore 
wing dark olive-brown ; a white spot below base of median nervure 
and a postmedial spot on vein 2. Hind wing orange-yellow, with 
black fascia on costa except towards base, and broad terminal band 
expanding somewhat at apex and widely towards tornus. 

Hal. Panama, Bugaba {Champion), 2 $ type, Godman-Salviu 
Coll. Exp. 42 millim. 

1589. Virbia dotata. (Plate XLII. fig. 16.) 

Terna dotata, Wlk. xxxi. 267 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 399. 
PhlcBocJdana lativitta, Wlk. xxxv. 1876 (1866); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 399. 

$ . Head and thorax olive-brown ; neck with orange ring ; 
abdomen orange with dorsal black stripe, the ventral surface olive- 
brown. Fore wing olive-brown, with whitish fascia below the cell 
to origin of vein 2 and postmedial spot above vein 1, conjoined to 
the fascia in type. Hind wing orange, with black fascia on costa 
except towards base : a black terminal band widening on apical area 
and above tornus. Underside of fore wing orange, the costal, apical, 
and terminal areas olive-brown. 

Hah. Amazons, Mafiaos, 1 $ , Ega {Bates), 2 $ type, Sao Paulo 
{Bates), 1 2 type lativitta. Exp. 38 millim. 

1590. Virbia varians. 

Virbia varians, Schaus, P. Z, S. 1892, p. 284 ; id. Am. Lep. pi. ii. f. 19. 

$ . Head and thorax dark red-brown ; neck with some orange 
scales ; abdomen orange, with dorsal series of conjoined triangular 
spots, the ventral surface black-brown. Pore wing dark red-brown, 
with white fascia in submedian interspace which may extend to 
just beyond middle or be short and disconnected from a spot just 
beyond middle. Hind wind orange, with black fascia on costa and 
terminal band with irregular inner edge, expanding towards tornus 
and usually emitting a tooth in submedian fold half-way to 
base. Underside of fore wing orange, with black costal fascia and 
broad terminal band. 

Hah. Peru, 1 $ . Exp. 42 millim. Type f in Coll. Schaus. 

1591. Virbia brevilinea. 

TheochlcBna hrevilinea, Wlk. ii. 469 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 399. 
Terna major, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 105. f. 2 (1874). 

2 . Head and thorax olive-brown ; abdomen black, with lateral 
yellow stripes. Fore wing olive-brown, with whitish fascia below 
the cell to origin of vein 2. Hind wing black, with wedge-shaped 
yellow patch from base extending from just above the cell to just 
below it and to near termen ; a fascia on inner area to beyond 
middle. Underside of fore wing with wedge-shaped yellow patch 
from base to near termen. 

Hah. Brazil, 1 $ type. Exp. 44 millim. 



VIRBIA. 199 

1592. Virbia luteilinea. (Plate XLII. fig. 3.) 
Vu-bia luteilinea, Wlk. ii. 471 (1854) ; Kirby, Ccxt. Het. p. 400. 

(S . Head and thorax olive-brown ; palpi with the basal joint 
orange ; shoulders with orange patches ; abdomen black, with 
orange lateral stripes on basal segments, the ventral surface olive- 
brown. Fore wing olive-brown. Hind wing orange-yellow, with 
broad almost even black terminal band. Underside of fore wing 
orange-yellow, with the terminal third olive-brown. 

IJab. Mexico, 1 (S type. E.vj). 30 millim. 

1593. Virbia sanguicoUis, n. sp. (Plate XLII. fig. 22.) 

Virbia mentiens, Driice, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 143 (nee Wlk.). 

S . Head and thorax dark olive-brown ; neck with crimson 
ring ; pectus with orange stripes below the wings ; abdomen black, 
with orange lateral stripes, the ventral surface olive-brown. Fore 
wing olive-brown with darker irroration. Hind wing black, with 
wedge-shaped orange patch extending from vein. 8 to submedian 
fold and from base to near extremity ; a slight orange streak on 
inner margin ; an orange patch in and below end of cell. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing with a subbasal black band across the orange 
patch. 

Hah. Costa Kica, Irazu {Rogers), 4 S type, Godmart-Salvin Coll. 
Ex'p. 30 millim. 

1594. Virbia ampla. (Plate XLII. fig. 4.) 

Terna ampla, Wlk. xxxi. 2G7 (1834) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. 
p. 143 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 399. 

5 . Head and thorax olive-brown ; neck with orange ring ; 
pectus with orange stripes below wings ; abdomen orange-yellow, 
with black dorsal stripe narrowing to base, the ventral surtface 
olive-brown. Fore wing uniform olive-brown. Hind wing orange- 
yellow, with diffused black streak on vein 1 towards termen, a 
subterminal patch on vein 2, and slight terminal mark on vein 1. 
Underside of fore wing orange, with the costa and termen olive- 
brown ; hind wing with black streak on costa except towards base. 

Hah. Mexico, 1 $ type. Exp. 54 millim. 

1595. Virbia zonata. 

Tenia zonata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 104. f. 13 (1874) ; Druce. Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. i. p. 143 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 399. 

Josiodes distincta, H. Edw. Pap. iv. p. 14 (1884); Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 295. 

(S . Head and thorax olive-brown ; neck with slight orange 
ring ; pectus with orange stripe below the wings ; abdomen black, 
with orange lateral stripes, the ventral surface olive-brown. Fore 
wing dark olive-brown. Hind wing orange-yellow, with black 



lUU AECTIADiE. 

fascia on costal area except at base, indented before apex and 
narrowing at apex, and triangular black patch with sinuous edges 
from near base on vein 1 to termen between veins 1 and 5, leaving 
a spot on termen above vein 1 . 

2 . Hind wing with three orange spots on black patch on 
termen. 

Hab. Mexico, Jalapa (Triijillo), 2 <5 , Coatepec {Brooks), 1 ^y 
Godman-Salvin Coll. Eay.^ S 38, $ bQ millim. 



1596. Virbia medarda. 

Noctua medarda, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 345, F (1782) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 399. 
Virhia mentiens, Wlk. ii. 471 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 400. 
Terna minuta, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 105. f. 3 (1874) ; Dnice, Biol. Centr.- 

Am., Het. i. p. 144; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 400. 
Virbia parva, Scbaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 285 ; id. Am. Lep. p. 15. pi. 2. . 

f. 15. 
Virbia luteilinea, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 143 (nee Wlk.). 
Josiodes inversa, H. Edw. Pap. iv. p. 14 (1884) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 295. 

(^ . Head and thorax olive-brown ; neck with a few orange 
scales ; pectus with orange stripe below wings ; abdomen black, 

with orange lateral stripes, 
the ventral surface olive- 
brown. Fore wing olive- 
brown with dark irrora- 
tion. Hind wing orange, 
with black fascia on cosia 
except at base ; a terminal 
black band expanding to- 
wards tornus into a patch 
extending along vein 1 
Underside of fore wing with wedge-] 




Fig. 112. — Virbia medarda, J 



more or less towards base 

shaped orange patch occupying the cell. 

2 . Fore wing with the orange patch on underside extending 
bej-ond and below the cell ; hind wing in Venezuelan specimens with 
orange spot on termen at vein 1. 

Hab. Mexico, Vera Cruz (Rumeli), 2 d" , 1 $ , Tabasco (ff. II. 
Smith), 2 (S ; Guatemala, Yera Paz {Champion), 2 S, 1 $> 
NiCAKAGiJA, Chontales {Janson), 1 c? ; Panama, Bugaba {Champion, 
J. J. Walker), 2 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll., Chiriqui, Cana Mines 
{Tylecote), 1 S ; Colombia, Sta. Marta, 1 5; Venezuela, 1 S •, 
1 2 type mentiens-, Amazoks ; Peru, type t parva in Coll. Schaus. 
Exp., S 30, 2 42 millim. 



1597. Virbia divisa. (Plate XLII. fig. 24.) 

Phcsochlana divisa, Wlk. ii . 4B9 (1854) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 399. 

Head and thorax dark olive-brown ; abdomen black, with lateral 
orange stripes, the ventral surface olive-brown. Fore Mdng dark 
olive-brown. Hind wing black, with orange fascia extending from 



VIKBIA. ANTIOTRICHA . 



201 



subcostal nervuro to below median nervure and from base to near 
termen ; a short streak on base of inner margin. Underside of fore 
wing with orange patch occnpying the cell and dilated beyond it 
between veins 3 and 7. 

Hah. Brazil, 1 $ type, Sao Paulo {Jones), 2 (S . Exy., (S 40, 
$ 5Q milJim. 

1598. Virbia subapicalis. (Plate XLII. fig. 6.) 

PhcBocklfsna subapicalis, Wlk. ii. 470 (1854) ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. p. 400. 
Bepara egaca, Wlk. xxxi. 143 (1864). 

Dark olive-brown ; abdomen shot with blue. Hind wing shot 
with blue; a large yellow subapical patch extending from just 
below costa to vein 2. Underside of fore wing with broad rather 
irregular medial orange band from just below costa to inner 
margin. 

Hah. Amazons, Ega {Bates), 2 (5" , 2 $ , type and type egaca ; 
Ecuador {Buckley), 1 $ . Exp., S 32, $ 46 millim. 

1599. Virbia hypophaea, n. sp. (Plate XLII. fig. 25.) 

Virbia hUeiliiiea, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 405 (nee Wlk.). 

S . Head and thorax dark olive-brown ; abdomen black, with 
orange lateral stripes. Pore wing dark olive-brown. Hind wing 
orange-yellow, with black terminal band expanding somewhat 
towards apex. 

Hab. CosTA Rica, Santa Clara Valley, 1200 feet {Zurcher), 1 S 
type, Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp. 30 millim. 

1600. Virbia xanthopleura. 

PtychogUne xanthopleura, Hmpsu. Trans. Ent. See. 1898, p. 243, pi. 17. 
ff. 1,15. 

S . Black-brown ; orange stripes below the wings and on sides of 
abdomen. Pore wing slightly irrorated with ochreous scales. 
Hind wing with orange-yellow fascia in and below cell to just 
beyond its extremity, and a slight streak on inner margin. 

2 . Abdomen with the orange lateral stripes extending to middle ; 
hind wing with slight orange streaks at base, in cell, and on inner 
margin. 

Hab. Grenada {H. H. Smith), 4 cT , 2 $ , type. Exp., S 30, 
2 34 millim. 

Genus ANTIOTRICHA. 

Type. 
Antiotricha, Fold. Eels. Nov. p. 2 (1874), non descr. integra. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect to just beyond frons ; antennas of 
female ciliated ; eyes small ; head and thorax clothed with rough hair ; build 
slei der ; tibiae with the spurs short, hind tibige with the medial spurs absent. 
Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 froia 



202 AECTIADiE. 

below upper angle; 7, 8, 0, 10 stalked, 10 from beyond 7; 11 from cell 
approximated to 10. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from 
well above angle ; 6, 7 on a long stalk ; 8 from before middle of cell. 

1601. Antiotricha Integra. 

Meoinis integra, Wlk. xxxi. 181 (1864). 

Antiotricha vexata, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 105. f. 27 (1874). 




'F'lg.W^.— Antiotricha Integra, $. \. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen black ; wings orange. Fore 
"wing with narrow black borders, widening on apical area and 
sometimes slightly at tornus. Hind wing with the costa except 
towards base and the termen narrowly black. 

Eah. Colombia, Bogota (Vergara^ JSolchen), 3 $, type. E.vp. 
34-42 millim. 



Genus HYALOCOA, nov. 

Type, H. diaphana. 

Proboscis aborted ; palpi porrect, not reaching beyond the frons and roughly 
scaled ; antennae of female almost simple ; head, thorax, and abdomen nearly 
smoothly scaled ; tibiae with the spurs moderate ; wings thinly scaled. Fore 
wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6 shortly 
stalked with 7, 8, 9, 10, 7 fi'om before 10; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 
3, 4 fi-om angle of cell ; 5 from above angle; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 from middle of 
cell. 

*1602. Hyalocoa diaphana. 

Lithosm diaphana, Eversm. Bull. Mosc. 1848 (3) p. 212 ; Herr.-Schaff. 
Schmett. Eur. vi. p. 176, f. 168; Staud. Cat. p. 56; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 351. 




Fig. 114. — Hyalocoa diaphana, '^ , \. 

$ . Head and thorax fuscous brown ; tegulse and front of patagia 
orange; abdomen orange, the 1st segment brown and segments 2, 3, 4 
with dorsal brown marks. Wings semidiphanous brown. 
Hah. Amtjrland, 1 5 in Mus. Oxon, Exp. 34 millim. 



rriMTDIA. EUPREPIA. 203 

Genus EPIMYDIA. rr_, 

Epimydia, Stand. Deutsch ent. Zeit., Lep. v. p. 346 (1892) dialampa. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, short, and clothed with long hair ; 
build slender; head, thorax, and abdomen clothed with long rough hair; 
antenna; of male with long branches rather wide apart ; tibiae with the spurs 
minute ; hind tibiae with medial spurs absent ; wings sparsely clothed with long 
hair-like scales. Fore wing long and narrow, the termen obliquely curved ; 
vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 5 from well above angle ; 6 from upper 
angle ; 7, 8, and 10 stalked, 9 absent ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 
b from angle of cell ; 4 absent ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 

1603. Epimydia dialampa. 

Epimydia dialampa, Stand. Deutech. ent. Zeit., Lep. v. p. 346, pi. 3. f. 2 
(1892). 




Fig. 115. — Epimydia dialampa, <S , \. 

^ . Head, thorax, and abdomen black, the last with the terminal 
half orange ; wings semidiaphanous black-brown. 
Hah. Siberia, Kentei, 1 6 . Exp. 24 millim. 



Genus EUPREPIA. 

Type. 

Eyprepia, Ochs. Schmett. Eur. iii. p. 299(1810) cribraria. 

Eulepia, Curt. Brit. Ent., Lep. i. pi. 56 (1825) crihraria. 

Coscinia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 168 (1827) cribraria. 

Spiris, Hiibn. Verz. p. 169 (1827) striata. 

Emydia, Eoisd. Ind. Meth. p. 39 (1829) crihraria. 

Proboscis aborted, minute; palpi porrect, not reaching beyond fronsand clothed 
with rough hair ; frons with long hair ; antennae of male pectinate ; tibiae with the 
spurs moderate ; build slender. Fore wing long and narrow ; vein 3 from before 
angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 10 stalked, 
9 absent ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from angle of cell or 
shortly stalked, 4 absent ; 6, 7 from upper angle or shortly stalked ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 

A. Hind wing orange striata. 

B. Hind wing brown or white and brown cribraria, 

1604. Euprepia striata. 

Bomhyx striata, Linn. Svst. Nat. i. p. 502 (1758) ; Bork. Eur. Schmett. iii. 

p. 471 ; Schwarz, Beitr. Nat. Ins. p. 75, pi. 11. ff. 1-4. 
Bomhyx grammica, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. App. p. 822 (1758) ; Esp. Schmett. iii. 

p. 350, pi. 68. flP. 5-8 ; id. Suppl. iii. (1) p. 21, pi. 83. f. 3 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. 

V. p. 19, pi. 42. ff. 1, 2 ; Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. 91, pi. 17. f. 3. 



204 AECTIADJi:. 

Phalcsna processionea, Miill. Natnrsystem. v. p. 662, pi, 22. f. 2 (1774). 

Phalcsna palladia, Fourcr. Eut. Paris, ii. p. 262 (1785). 

Bombyx melanoptera, Brahm, Ins. Kalend. ii. p. 435 (1791). 

Euprepia funerea, Eversm. Bull. Mosc. 1847 (3) p. 77, pi. 5. f. 5 ; Herr.- 

Schaff. Schraett. Eur. vi. p. 53, f. 167 ; Stand. Cat. p. 55 ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 343. 
Spiris striata, var. pallida, Butl. Trans, Ent. Soc, 1877, p. 360. 

Head orange ; frons and branches of antenna? blackish ; tegulae 
and patagia yellow with black patches ; thorax mostly black; legs 
streaked with black ; abdomen orange, with dorsal black bands and 
lateral points, the ventral surface whitish with series of black spots. 
Fore wing orange-yellow, with black streaks in the interspaces and 
discoidal lunule, the streaks partially interrupted by a subterminal 
line of the ground-colour ; a terminal black line ; inner margin and 
cilia deep orange. Hind wing deep orange ; the costal area black, 
connected with a large discoidal lunule ; diffused black streaks on 
base of median nervure and vein 1 ; a terminal black band, narrow- 
ing to tornus and with irregular inner edge. 

Ab. 1. pallida. Fore wing with the streaks more or less 
reduced. 

Ab. 2. funerea. Hind wing with the orange reduced to streaks 
below end of cell. 

Ab. 3. melanoptei^a. Hind wing with the cilia only orange. 

Hah. Europe except polar region, Britain, France, Germany, 
Zeller Coll., Switzerland, Frey Coll., Croatia, Frey Coll., ab. melano- 
ptera ; Asia Minor ; Armenia ; Syria ; Amurland, ab. funerea. 
Exp. 34-42 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 38 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. ii. p. 237, pi. 69. f. 1 h. 

Blackish ; tubercles yellowish ; hairs brown ; dorsal line orange- 
yellow ; spiracular line whitish ; head black. Food-plants, grasses, 
Erica, etc. 8-5. 

1605. Euprepia cribraria. 

Bomhyx cribraria, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p, 507 (1758) ; Xirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 343. 
Bomhyx cribrum, Linn, Faun. Suec. p. 302 (1761) ; Esp. Schmett, iii. 

p. 353, pi. 69, f, 1 ; Godt, Lep. Fr. v, p. 26, pi, 43. flF. 1,2 ; Curt. Brit. 

Ent, i, pi, 56 ; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent,, Haust, ii, p. 92; Stand. Cat. p, 55. 
Bombyx cribrellum, Esp. Schraett. Suppl. iii. p, 47, pi. 87. if. 2, 3 (1786). 
Bomhyx Candida, Cyr. Ent. Neap. i. p. 5, pi. vi. f. 5 (1787) ; Godt. Lep. 

Fr, V. p. 28, pi. 43. ff, 3, 4. 
Eyprepia coscinia, Ochs, Schmett. Eur, iii, p. 300 (1810) ; Boisd, Icones, 

ii. p. 91, pi. 57. ff. 1, 2; Dup. Lep. Fr. iii. p. 11, pi. i. f . 2 ; Herr.- 

Scbaff. Schraett. Eur. ii. p. 150. 
Bomhyx colon, Hiibn. Vogel u. Schmett. pi. 37 (1827) ; id. Eur. Schmett. ii 

Bomb. ii. f. 119 ; Freyer, Neue Beitr. i. p. 19, pi. 9, f. 3, & ii. p. 78, pi. 140.. 

f.2. 
Bomhyx chrysocephala, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ii. Bomb. ii. f. 251 (1827) ; 

Kirby, Cat, Het, p, 344. 
Bombyx alheola, Hiibn. Eur, Schmett. ii. Bomb. ii. f. 337 (1827). 
Coscinia cyrilli, Hubn, Verz, p, 169 (1827). 
Lithosia bifasciata, Rarab, Ann, Soc. Ent, Fr. i. p. 270, pi, 8. f. 2 (1832) ; 

Boisd. Icones, ii, p, 93, pi, 57, f, 3 ; Dup, Lep, Fr, Suppl. iii. p. 7, pi. i. 

ff. 1, a, 6 ; Staud. Cat. p. 55 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 344. 
Emydia rippertii, Boisd. Icones, ii. p. 94, pi, 57. f. 4 (1834); Dup. Lep. 

Fr. Suppl. iii. p. 13, pi. i. f. 3 ; Herr,-ScLatf. Eur. Schmett .ii. p. 149, f. 47. 



EUPKEPIA. HELIACTINIDIA. 205 

Bomhyx punctigera, Freyer, Neue Beitr. ii. p. 76, pi. 140. f . J c (1834). 
Kmydia Candida, Herr.-Schaff. Schmett. Eur. ii. ff. 75-78 (1846J. 
FAiprepia inquinata, Eamb. Oat. Lep. And. p. 223 (1866). 

Head and thorax white ; palpi, frons, and branches of antennae 
blackish ; tcgulae and patagia with black spots ; legs streaked with 
black ; abdomen white, the terminal half tinged with yellow and the 
base with brown ; dorsal, lateral, and ventral series of blackish spots. 
Fore wing white irrorated with black ; the costal edge blackish ; 
two siibbasal blackish points ; a curved antemedial series of five 
small diffused spots ; two medial series of six or seven spots ; two 
discoidal points ; a subterminal series of nine short streaks and a 
terminal series of points. Hind wing brown, the cilia white. 
Underside of fore wing brown. 




Fig. 116. — Eiqjrepia cribraria, cf. t- 

Ab. 1. ripperti. Fore wing suffused with black-brown. 

Ab. 2. bifasciata. Fore wing with the first of the two medial series 
of spots absent. — Corsica. 

Ab. 3. punctigera. Fore wing with the spots much reduced ;. hind 
wing largely white on inner half. 

Ab. 4. Candida. Fore wing with the discoidal and sometimes a few 
terminal spots only. 

Ab. 5. Head with the vertex yellow, fore wing with few or no 
s])ots. (a) chrysocepliala : fore wing white. (6) inquinata : fore wing 
yellowish white. 

Hab, EiJKOPE except polar region, Britain, France, Germany, 
Zeller Coll., Switzerland, Italy, Frey Coll., Spain, Dalmatia, C.Russia, 
Urals ; Mogador (Leech) ; Aj^geria ; Asia Minor. E.vp. 32-44: 
millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brif.. Lep. pi 38 ; Barrett), Lep. Brit. ii. p. 240, pi. 69. f. 2. 

Brown ; tubercles black ; hairs black and whitish ; dorsal line 
pale or whitish,, subdorsal line sometimes- whitish ; head dark brown* 
Food-plants,, grasses. Erica, etc. 8-2, 

Genus HELIACTINIDIA,. nov. 

Type, H. chiguinda. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect to just beyond frons ; antennge of 
male bipectinate with moderate branches ; build slender ; tibiae with the spurs 
moderate. Fore wing with vein 3 from long before angle of cell; 5 from above 
nngle ; 6 from below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked, 7 from before 10; 11 
from cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from above 
angle ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 from before middle of cell. 




206 ARCTIAD^. 

A. Fore wing with the ground-colour black. 

a. Fore wing with orange fascia below base of cell chiguinda. 

h. Fore wing without orange fascia below the cell ccerulescens. 

B. Fore wing orange-yellow with the costal edge black nigrilinea. 

1606. Heliactinidia chiguinda. 

Bepara chiguinda, Druce, P. Z. S. 1885, p. 524, pi. 32. f. 10 ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 400. 

6 . Black-brown ; patagia and coxae with orange patches ; abdo- 
men with lateral orange patches. Fore wing with orange fascia 
below the cell to origin of vein 2 ; a postmedial erect orange band 

from just below costa to 
vein 1 near tornus, its 
inner edge indented at 
lower angle of cell. Hind 
wing orange, with the 
^ costal to middle of cell 

and terminal areas black- 
brown ; more or less difi- 
Y\g. 111. —Heliactinidia chiguinda, S' h veloped black streaks in 

submedian fold and on 
inner area ; an orange fascia on costa to beyond middle, sometimes 
connected at extremity with the orange area. 

Hah. Ecuador, Chiguinda [Buckley), 3 cS . Exp. 30 millim. 
Type t in Coll. Druce. 

1607. Heliactinidia csBrulescens, n. sp. (Plate XLII. fig. 5.) 

$ . Black, shot with brilliant blue. Fore wing with broad 
curved orange-yellow medial band, emitting a tooth on outer side 
between veins 2, 3 ending in a point before termen. Hind wing 
with orange-yellow medial band broader than on fore wing, emitting 
a tooth on outer side between veins 2 and 5 and ending obtusely 
before termen. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota ( Vergara), 1 $ type. Exp. 44 millim. 

1608. Heliactinidia nigrilinea. (Plate XLII. fig. 23.) 
Spiris nigrilinea, Wlk. vii. 1678 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 344. 
Orange-yellow ; palpi at tips and antennae black ; tibiae and tarsi 

fuscous. Fore wing with narrow black costal fascia. 

Hah. Brazil (Dohrn), 1 (^ , Espiritu Santo, 1 $ , Leopoldville, 

1 $ . Exp. 42 millim. Type t in Mus. Oxon. 

Genus CYANARCTIA, nov. 

Type, C. dama. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, extending about the length of head ; 
antennjB of male bipectinate with moderate branches ; tibia with the spurs 
moderate. Fore wing with vein 3 from well before angle of cell ; 5 from above 
angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with 
vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from well above angle ; 6, 7 stalked ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 



CYANARCTIA, BELEIINIA. 207 

A. Pore wing with hyaline spots on medial area dam%. 

B. Fore wing with orange posttnedial band 7'iiscia. 

*1609. Cyanarctia dama. 

Eup?/ra dima, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xiii. p. 170 (1891) ; id. Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Ilet. ii. p. 334, pi. 70. f. 24. 

c^ . Head, thorax, and abdomen black ; tegulae, patagia, pectus, 
fore toxae, and femora with white spots ; abdomen with lateral 
series of white points ; wings shot with bronze-green. Eore wing 
with white point at base; two elongate hyaline spots in end of cell; 




Fig. 118. — Cyanarctia dama 



a rounded spot below middle of cell, and a rounded patch composed 
of three spots beyond the cell between veins 4 and 7. Hind wing 
with two hj'aline streaks in end of cell ; a rounded spot below 
middle of cell, and two spots beyond the cell above veins 4 and 5. 

Hah. Mexico, Orizaba, Jalapa. Exp, 46 millim. Type in Coll. 
Druce. 

*1610. Cyanarctia ruscia. (Plate XLII. fig. 14.) 

Eucyane ruscia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xv. p. 47 (1895). 

2 . Black shot with blue. Fore wing with a slightly curved 
orange band with rather irregular edge from costa just beyond 
middle to inner margin near tornus. Hind wing with three sub- 
terminal orange spots between veins 2 and 5 and traces of a spot 
below vein 2. 

Hah. Bolivia {Garlepp)^ 1 $ type f in Coll. Druce. Evp. 54 
millim. 



Genus BELEMNIA. 

Type. 

Beleninia,^W. i. 211 (1854) eryx. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi upturned, short, the 1st and 2nd joints 
broadly scaled, the 3rd somewhat porrect and dilated ; antennre bi pectinate 
in both sexes, the apical part serrate, the shaft dilated beyond middle, the 
branches dilated at extremity ; tibise with the spurs short ; abdomen smoothly 
scaled, with slight lateral tubercles on Ist segment. Fore wing long and narrow, 
the costa arched towards apex, the termen obliquely rounded ; vein 3 from 
towards angle of cell ; 4, 5 separate ; 6 from upper angle ; 10 shortly stalked 
with 7, 8, 9 ; 11 curved. Hind wing with vein 2 from towards angle of cell ; 
3, 5 from angle, 4 absent ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell, obso- 
lescent towards costa. 



208 



ARCTIAD^, 



Sect. I. Hind wing of male with the tornus produced to a pointed lobe, the 
inner area with fold and tuft of hair. 

1611. Belemnia eryx.. 

Zycimui eryx, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 552 (1775) ; Hiibn. Samml. ex. Sehmett. i. ; 

Xirby, Cat. Het. p. 170. 
Sphinx inaurata, Cram. Pap. Esot. ii. pi. 140, E, F (1777) ; nee Sulz-. 
Belemnia crameri, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xv. p. 339 (1875) ; Kirby,. Cat. 

Het. p. 170. 
Belemnia obscura, Druce, A. M.. N. H. (7) iii p. 232 (1899). 

J . Black ; head, thorax, and legs largely spotted and marked 
with golden green ; abdomen with golden green maculate dorsal 
fascia, silvery green lateral patches on 1st three segments followed 
bj brilliant blue patches on the next three, ventral surface with 




Fig. 119. — Belemnia eryx, (^ . |. 

silvery green patches on 1st two segments, the edge of 2nd, the 3rd, 
4th, 5th, and 6th segments crimson. Fore wing with the basal 
half golden green, the veins and folds on it streaked with black, its 
outer edge rather oblique ; a postmedial crimson band from below 
cot^ta to vein 3, expanding and rounded at lower extremity. Hind 
wing with slight green streaks below costa and on inner margin. 
Underside of fore wing with silvery blue-green fascise in and below 
cell and spot at upper angle ; hind wing with the basal area blue- 
green except on inner margin, its outer edge irregular ; spots at 
angle of cell. 

Ab. 1. crameri. Fore wing with the postmedial crimson band 
more or less reduced. 

The type of ohscura has a spur from upperside of vein 4 of hind 
wing, ? vein 5. 

Hah. Brazil, 3 (S , Sta. Catherina, 1 S , Tapajos (Bates), 2 cJ ; 
Bolivia {Buckley), type 1 6 ohscura in Coll. Druce. Eocj). 42-44 
millim. 

Sect. II. Hind wing of male with the tornus rounded, the inner area without 
fold and tuft. 

A. Fore wing with crimson postmedial band inaurata. 

B. Fore wing with ochreous white postmedial band ochriplaga. 

C. Fore wing without postmedial band. 

a. Ventral surface of abdomen with the medial segments 
crimson. 

a^. Fore wing with golden-green discoidal bar lydia. 

b^. Fore wing without discoidal bar. 

a^. Fore wing with crimson bar beyond the cell on 

underside and sometimes also on upperside mygdon. 

b'^. Fore wing without crimson bar beyond the cell on 

underside aplaga. 

h. Ventral surface of abdomen without crimson alpha. 



BELEMNIA. 209 

1612. Belemnia inaurata. 

Sphinx inaurata, Sulzer, Gesch, Ins. p. 151, pi. 20. f. 4 (1776) ; Kirby, Oat. 

Het. p. 170. 
Zi/gana eryx, Eoem. Gen. Ins. pi. 20. f. 4 (1785), nee Fabr. 
Belemnia 'jovls, Butl. A. M. N. II. (4) xv. p. 33'J (1875) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.- 

Am., Het. i. p. 78, pi. 8. f. 22 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 170. 

Black ; head, thorax, and legs spotted with metallic blue ; coxae 
with yellowish marks ; abdomen with dorsal metallic silvery blue 
spots almost met by subdorsal bands, the three terminal segments 
with complete bands, the ventral surface with part of the 2nd, the 
3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th segments crimson. Fore wing with the base 
silvery blue, then golden green to middle, with black streaks on the 
veins and in the folds, the outer edge of this area oblique ; an 
oblique crimson band beyond the cell from below costa to above 
vein 3, its edges rather irregular and varying considerably in size. 
Hind wing often with some blue below submedian fold ; cilia of 



Fig. 120. — Belemnia inaurata, (^ . \. 

hoth wiag« white at tips. Underside of fore wing with silvery- 
blue patch in and below cell and spot at upper angle before the 
crimson band ; hind wing with the basal area blue except inner 
margin, two spots at angle of cell. 

Hah. Mexico, Misantla (Trujillo), 1 J ; Guatemala, Vera Paz 
(Chatnpion), 5 cS ; Hondtjras {Blancaneaux), 2 S , Godman-Salvin 
Coll. ; Panama, Veragua (Salvin), 8 c^" , type jovis. Exp. 50-52 
millim. 

Subsp. 1. rezia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xviii. p. 38 (1896). 

Head, thorax, abdomen, and base of fore wing with the markings 
golden green, the postmedial crimson band broader with straighter 
edges, rounded below and extending to vein 3 ; cilia only white 
towards apex of fore wing. 

Hab. Colombia (Kalbreyer), 1 (S , Bogota ( Vergara), 1 S • Type t 
in Coll. Druce. 

1613. Belemnia ochriplaga, n. sp. (Plate XLIII. fig. 8.) 

S . Black ; head and thorax spotted with metallic blue-green: 
coxae, femora, and tibiae with whitish patches ; abdomen with dorsal 
and lateral series of metallic bine-green spots, the lateral spots large 
on 1st four segments, then reduced to points, the ventral surface 
with part of the 2nd, the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th segments crimson, 
expanding into subdorsal triangular patches on the 4th, 5th, and 6th 

VOL. III. 2 



210 ARCllAD^. 

segments. Fore wing with two blue points at base, then golden- 
green to middle, with black streaks on the veins and in folds, the 
outer edge of the green area irregular and produced on vein 1 ; an 
oblique ochreous band beyond the cell from below costa to vein 3 
expanding somewhat and rounded below. Underside of fore wing 
with metallic blue fascia in and below cell ; hind wing with a patch 
formed of three fasciae on basal area and spots at the angles of cell. 
Hah. Beazil, 3 S , Amazons, Prainha (Trail), 1 ^^ type, Para 
(Bates), 1 2 f Espiritu Santo, 1 S . Exj>. 50 millim. 

1614. Belemnia lydia. (Plate XLIII. fig. 11.) 
Belemnia lydia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xviii. p. 37 (1896). 

5 . Black ; head, thorax, and legs marked with golden-green ; 
abdomen with golden-green lateral patches at base and narrow seg- 
mental cupreous-green bands, the ventral surface with part of the 
2nd, the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th segments crimson. Pore wing with 
golden-green patch on basal area from below costa to vein 1 ; a large 
quadrate discoidal spot. Hind wing with slight golden-green streak 
below base of costa and spot at lower angle of cell. Underside of 
fore wing with some golden-green below the cell ; a broad discoidal 
band from below costa to vein 2 expanding outwardly below vein 5 ; 
hind wing with the basal half of costal area golden-green to middle 
of cell ; a discoidal band constricted at middle. 

Hah. Colombia (Kalhreyer), 1 5 . Exp. 44 millim. Type f in 
Coll. Druce. 

1615. Belemnia mygdon. (Plate XLIII. fig. 9.) 
Belemnia mygdon, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) v. p. 509 (1900). 

(S . Black ; head and thorax with patches of brilliant metallic 
green; coxae with whitish spots, legs with whitish streaks; abdomen 
with dorsal metallic green stripe and short subdorsal bands, the 
ventral surface crimson except at base and extremity. Pore wing 
with the basal half metallic golden-green leaving the veins black ; 
a crimson spot just beyond the cell often present. Underside of 
fore wing with metallic blue fascia in and below cell with irregular 
outer edge ; a crimson bar beyond the cell between veins 7 and 5. 
Hind wing with the basal half metallic blue ; spots at the angles 
of cell, the lower connected with the basal blue area. 

Hah. Colombia, Cacagualito, 1500 ft. (Smith), 1 c? . Exp. 30 
millim. Type t (5" in CoU. Druce. 

1616. Belemnia aplaga, n. sp. (Plate XLIII. fig. 12.) 

S . Black ; head and thorax spotted with golden-green ; coxae 
and tibiae with yellowish spots ; abdomen with dorsal and lateral 
series of golden-green spots, the ventral surface with part of the 
2ud, the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th segments crimson. Pore wing with 
some golden-green spots at base, then cupreous-golden to middle, 



BELEMNIA. DIOSPAGE. 21 1 

-with black streaks on the veins and in folds, the outer ed^e of the 
golden area oblique ; cilia of both wings white at tips. Underside 
of fore wing silvery metallic blue to just beyond cell except on costal 
and inner areas ; hind wing with the basal half silvery blue, its 
outer edge sinuous and produced to beyond angles of cell. 

Hah, Ecuador, Paramba {Rosenberg), 2 c? type. Exj). 44 millim. 

1617. Belemnia alpha. 

Metriophyla alpha, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am,, Het. i. p. 73, pi. 8. f. 24. 
(1884); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 164. 

Black ; head, thorax, and legs largely marked with metallic blue ; 
abdomen with lateral metallic blue patches at base and narrow 
segmental ba.nds. Fore wing suffused with dark sap-green ; some 
blue streaks at base ; the apical area black, with ochreous white 
apical patch. Hind wing shot with blue; some metallic blue streaks 
at base below the cell, the termen whitish with larger patch at apex ; 
cilia white. Underside of both wings with metallic blue streaks at 
base and small spots at angles of cell ; the apex of fore wing and 
termen of hind wing pure white. 

Hah. Panama, Chiriqui (Chamjnon), 2.' cS type, Godman-Salvin 
Coll. Ex2). 42 millim. . 

Genus DIOSPAGE. 

Type. 
Biospage, Wlk. i. 212 (1854) rhebics. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi, upturned, not reaching vertex of bead; 
antennjB of female bipectinate, with moderate branches dilated at extremity ; 
tibiaj with the spurs moderate, mid and hind tibiae spined ; abdomen with 
lateral tubercles at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 
4, 5 from angle; 6 from. upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with rein 3 from near angle of cell ; 4, 5 stalked ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 
8 from middle of cell. 

A. Underside of fore wing with crimson U-shaped postmedial 

band, of hind wing with subterminal band splendens. 

B. Underside with crimson postmedial band to fore wing and 

terminal band to hind wing. 

a. Fore wing with postmedial crimson band on upperside... chrysohasis. 

h. Fore wing without postmedial crimson band on upperside. cleasa. 

C. Underside of wings without crimson rhebiis. 

1618. Diospage splendens. (Plate XLIII. %. 10.) 
Belemnia splendens, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xv..p. 44 (1895). 

2 . Black ; head, tegulae, and legs marked with silvery metallic 
green ; thorax with golden-green ; abdomen with lateral silvery 
blue patches, leaving a dorsal black fascia, the ventral surface with 
crimson bands on 3rd to 6th segments. Fore wing with the basal 
half suffused with golden-green, with black streaks on the veins and 
in interspaces ; a crimson spot in cell just beyond middle ; a pink 
postmedial band from vein 7 to 3, oblique to vein 3, then curved, 

p2 



212 AKCTIAD^. 

the veins crossing it black. Hind wing suffused with brilliant 
metallic blue ; a crimson subterminal band from below costa to vein 
1 expanding towards apex and at vein 2, the veins crossing it black. 
Underside of fore wing with some metallic blue below the cell near 
base, a U-shaped crimson band from middle of cell and below costa 
beyond middle to submedian fold ; hind wing with the basal area 
metallic blue with irregular outer edge, the crimson subterminal 
band without black on the veins. 

c?. Hind wing with the subterminal band reduced to small spots 
above veins 2 and 3 and on underside, not reaching below submedian 
fold ; abdomen with crimson ventral patch instead of bands. 

Hah. Bolivia, Songo (Garlepp), 2 $; Peru, Chanchamayo, 1 (S . 
Exp. 44-46 millim. Typef in Coll. Druce. 



1619. Diospage chrysobasis, n. sp. (Plate XLIII. fig. 13.) 

5. Black; frons metallic blue-green; palpi, vertex of head, 
tegulse, pro- meso- and metathorax, pectus and legs with metallic 
green spots ; abdomen with metallic green segmental lines not 
meeting on dorsum, the ventral surface crimson from 3rd segment 
to extremity. Pore wing with the basal half golden, leaving the 
veins black, its outer edge sinuous; an oblique postmedial crimson 
band from just below costa to vein 3 ; cilia white at apex. Hind 
wing with the basal area shot with brilliant blue ; a terminal 
crimson band with dentate inner edge, ending just above tornus. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota, 1 $ type. E,v]). 48 millim. 



1620. Diospage cleasa. 

Charidm Cleasa, Druce, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 380, pi. 40. f. 3 ; Kirby, Cat Het. 
p. 162. 

$ . Head, thorax, and abdomen black-brown ; frons, vertex of 
head, tegulae, metathorax, and legs with patches of metallic blue- 
green ; abdomen with metallic green patches on lateral tubercles 
followed by series of lateral purple patches, the ventral surface 
banded with scarlet except at base. Pore wing black, the basal 
half obscurely suffused with yellow-green ; traces of the postmedial 
crimson band of underside. Hind wing black, with brilliant blue 
basal patch in and below cell ; the terminal area with traces of the 
crimson of underside. Underside with patches of blue at base and 
specks at angles of cell ; fore wing with broad postmedial crimson 
band excurved at middle ; hind wing with the terminal area 
crimson with irregular inner edge, on costa extending to middle ; 
veins 4, 5 on a long stalk. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota ( Chesterton) ; Ecuador, Paramba {Rosen- 
herg), 1 (S . Kvjo. 46 millim. Typef in Coll. Druce. 



mOSPAGE. BELEMNIASTIS. 213 

1621. Diospage rhe"biis. 

SpJiinx rhehns, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii. pi. 234, F (1770) ; Kirbv, Cat. Het. 
p. 161). 

d . 131ack ; head, thorax, and legs with patches of metallic blue- 
green ; abdomen with golden-green dorsal stripe ; lateral blue-green 
sp' ts on first five segments ; a ventral yellowish and blue line on 1st 
segment and sublateral spots on 2nd, the next four segments with 
crimson bands. Fore wing with a golden-green fascia on basal half 
in cell and two in submedian interspace ; small hyaline spots 




Fig. 121. — Diospage rkebus, ^ . }, 

between veins 3 and 5 and above and below 6. Hiud wing with 
brilliant blue patch in and below eeli with irregular outer edge. 
Underside of fore wing with brilliant blue fascia in and below cell ; 
the basal half of hind wing blue with irregular outer edge, a small 
spot at upper angle and large spot at lower angle : veins 4, 5 on a 
short stalk. 

Hah. Brazil, Upper Amazons, Olivencas (Ilichelli), 1 S , Sao 
Paulo, Exp. 44 millim. 

Genus BELEMNIASTIS, nov. 

Type, B. vhitdeyi. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi porrect, extending as far as frons; antennas 
bipectinate in both sexes, the apical part serrate, the shaft expanding some- 
what beyond middle, the branches dilated at extremity ; tibiis with the spurs 
short ; abdomen smoothly scaled, with lateral tubercles at base. Fore wing 
with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 5 from just above angle ; 6 from below 
upper angle; 10 shortly stalked with 7, 8, 9 ; 11 free. Hind wing with veins 
3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell, not 
quite reaching costa. 

A. Fore wing with crimson postmedial band attidates. 

E. Fore wing with orange postmedial band trotschi. 

C. Fore wing with ochreous white postmedial band vhiteUyi, 

1622. Belemniastis attidates. (Plate XLIII. fig. 14.) 

Belemnia attidates, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) v. p. 508 (1900). 

(S . Black ; head and thorax marked with brilliant metallic blue ; 
legs slightly streaked with white ; abdomen with dorsal and lateral 
series of metallic blue spots ; the ventral surface crimson except 
at base and extremity. Fore wing with brilliant metallic blue 
interrupted streak on basal area below costa, and a broader better 



214 ARCTIAD^. 

defined streak on inner area ; an oblique crimson bar from middle 
of costa to just below the cell, and a band from costa beyond middle 
to just below vein 3 near termen. Hind wing with broad metallic 
blue streak in and below cell and on inner area to near termen. 
Underside of fore wing suffused with metallic blue in and beyond 
cell to beyond extremity ; hind wing with short blue streaks on 
costal area ; a curved maculate postmedial band joining the long 
streaks on inner area. 

Hah. Colombia, 1 cS , Bogota, type f in Coll. Druce Exp. 48 millim . 

1623. Belemniastis trotschi. 

Belemnia trotschi, Druce, A. M. N. H. (6) xyiii. p. 37 (1896) ; id. Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 357, pi. 72. ff. 25, 27. 

2 . Black ; head, thorax, and legs with silvery blue markings ; 
abdomen with lateral silvery blue segmental lines, ventral surface 
with the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th segments crimson. Fore wing 




■Fig. 122. — Belemniastis trotschi, (^ . \. 

with the basal half golden-green, its outer edge rather oblique ; a 
broad oblique orange band beyond the cell from below costa to 
vein 2 near termen. Hind wing suffused with brilliant metallic 
blue below costa and above inner margin to beyond middle, between 
median nervules to near termen. 

c5' . Hind wing with the blue confined to basal area. 

Hah. CosTA IliCA (TrotscJi), 1 $ type ; Panama, Chiriqui. 
Exp. 58 millim. 

1624. Belemniastis vhiteleyi. (Plate XLIII. fig. 15.) 

Belejnnia whitelcyi, Druce, Ent. M. Mag. xxv. p. 62 (1888) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 170. 

Black ; head and thorax spotted with silvery metallic blue 
and marked with golden -green ; legs striped with blue, coxae with 
whitish patches ; abdomen with golden-green dorsal stripe and 
lateral silvery metallic blue bands, ventral surface with the 3rd, 
4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th segments crimson. Fore wing with golden- 
green patch on basal half from below costa to vein 1, the veins and 
folds streaked with black ; an oblique ochreous-white band beyond 
the cell from vein 7 to 3 expanding and rounded below, the veins 
crossing it black. Hind wing shot with brilliant metallic blue to 



BELEMNIASTIS. — STENOPHiEA. 



215 



near termen, its irregular outer edge produced at middle. Under- 
side of fore wing with metallie blue fascia in and below cell and 
spots at angles of cell ; hiud wing suffused with brilliant blue on 
costa to middle, in cell to the spots at angles and below the cell to 
near termen. 

Hah. Be. Guiana, type f in Coll. Druce ; Amazons, Pebas 
(MicheUi), 1 c^ . Exp. 50 millim. 

Genus STENOPH^A, nov. 

Type, 8. pollinia. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, reaching just beyond the frons ; 
antennse of male bipectinate, with moderate branches ; tibias with the spurs 
moderate ; abdomen with the anal tuft largely developed. Fore wing long 
and narrow ; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper 
angle ; 7, 8, 9 stalked ; 10, 11 from cell. Hind wing with the cell long, vein 3 
from near angle, 5 from just above angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from 
beyond middle of cell. 

A. Abdomen orange-red with black segmental lines pollinia. 

B. Abdomen black-brown salatis. 

1625. Stenophaea pollinia. 

Ctenucha pollinia, Boisd. Lep. Guat. p. 83 (1870) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.- 
Am., Het. ii. p. 360, pi. 73. f. 8 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 175. 

c^ . Head and thorax black-brown ; palpi orange ; back of head 
with two orange patches ; tegulse in front and shoulders orange ; 

coxae orange ; abdomen 
orange-red with segmental 
black lines expanding into 
a dorsal series of spots ; 
the anal tuft tipped with 
crimson ; lateral black 
stripes and a ventral band 
Fig. 123.— Slenophcea pollinia, cS ■ {■ "®^^ extremity. Fore 

wing fuscous brown with 
orange costal fascia tapering to apex ; cilia yellow at tips. Hind 
wing brown, with hyaline streak in lower part of cell and patch 
below the cell extending to inner margin ; the costal area tinged 
with yellow ; cilia whitish at tips. 

Hab. Mexico, Durango City {Becker), 1 <S , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; 
HoNDUKAs, type in Coll. Oberthur. Exp. 34 millim. 

1626. Stenophsea salatis. 

Ctenucha salatis, Boisd. Lep. Guat. p. 83 (1870) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., 
Het. ii. p. 360, pi. 73. f. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 175. 

S . Dark brown ; back of head with pair of orange spots ; neck 
with some scarlet scales ; shoulders orange ; fore coxae striped with 
orange at sides, scarlet behind ; abdomen black-brown. Fore wing 
uniform dark brown. Hind wing black-brown, with slight hyaline 




216 



AECTIAT)^. 



streak in lower part of cell and hyaline patch below the cell 
extending to inner margin. 

Hah. Mexico, Coatepec (BrooJcs), 1 d , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; 
HoNDUEAS, type in Coll. Oberthur. Exp. 36 millim. 

Genus HYPOCRISIAS, nov. 

Type, H. punctata. 

Proboscis fully developed; palpi porrect, reaching just beyond frons and 
fringed with long hair ; frons with tufts of hair ; antennae of male bipectinate 
with moderate branches, of female serrate ; tibige with the spurs long ; thorax 
and dorsal surface of abdomen clothed with rough hair. Fore wing with vein 
3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9 
stalked ; 10, 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 
4, 5 from angle ; 6) 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

A. Abdomen fuscous above, 

a. Hind wing with brownish terminal band punctata, 

h. Hind wing without terminal band minima. 

B. Abdomen orange above. 

a. Fore wing with dentate postmedial band jonesi. 

b. Fore wing without dentate postmedial band fuscipennis. 

1627. Hypocrisias punctata. 

Purius ptmctatus, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 100 (1884) : Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 205. 
Halisidota minima, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 273 (part). 

S. Head and thorax brown, with fulvous-yellow patches on 
vertex of head, tegulse, and patagia ; legs yellow and brown ; 
abdomen fuscous brown, the extremity and ventral surface yellow. 
Pore wing fulvous yellow strongly irrorated and suffused with 
brown, the medial area especially suffused ; a curved subbasal 




Fig. 124, — Hypocridas punctata, (^ . {. 

series of ochreous spots ; an antemedial spot on cost a or wedge- 
shaped patch extending to median nervure ; small spots or points 
in and above end of cell ; a postmedial series of small spots on costa 
and above vein 6, then obsolescent and incurved ; an irregularly 
sinuous subterminal series of spots. Hind wing yellowish white ; 
the veins and a discoidal lunule brown ; a terminal brown band 
with whitish spots on it towards apex. 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen greyer brown ; fore wing with 
the ground-colour greyer and with hardly any yellow tinge. 

Hab. Guatemala, Las Mercedes {Champion), 2 S type, {Rodriguez) 
1' 2 Godman-Salvin Coll. Eccp. 42 millim. 



HYrOCRISIAS. 217 

1628. Hypocrisias minima, (riate XLII. fig. 26.) 

Halesidota minima, Neum. Papilio, iii. p. 138 (1883) ; Druce, Biol. Ccntr.- 

Am., Het. ii. p. 373; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 211. 
Halesidota armillata, H. Edw. Papilio, iv. p. 76 (1884) ; Kirbv, Oat. Het. 

p. 200. 
Euhalesidota agelia, Druce, A. M. N. H. (0) v. p. 214 (1890) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 209. 

Pale ochreous ; palpi, irons, antennae, legs, and dorsal surface of 
abdomen strongly tinged with brown. Fore wing with brown 
subbasal and antemedial lines expanding into patches on costa, the 
latter conjoined to the brown medial area which has an ochreous 
spot on middle of costa, a small spot in end of cell, and a spot above 
it on costa ; a nearly straight oblique postmedial series of spots and 
an irregular subterminal series ; the termen suffused with brown. 
Hind wing yellowish white. 

Hah. U.S.A., Arizona ; Mexico, Jalapa (TrujiUo), 1 d , Jalisco 
(Richardson), 1 c? type agelia, Godman-Salvin Coll. Exj>. 42 
millim. 

1629. Hypocrisias jonesi. (Plate XLII. fig. 8.) 

ThcBgo^tera jonesi, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1894, p. 230. 

Yellowish white ; palpi black, with orange spot on 1st joint ; 
antennae black, with the basal joint orange ; tegulae and patagia 
with black spots, the latter with two and the vertex of thorax with 
one black streak ; the coxae and upper side of femora orange with 
black spots, the tibiae and tarsi black above ; abdomen orange above, 
a lateral series of black spots and ventral series of bands. Pore 
wing with the veins, the fold in cell, and submedian fold streaked 
with black ; a fuscous brown discoidal patch ; a strongly dentate 
postmedial band expanding below vein 3 into a large patch extending 
to middle of wing ; a broad terminal band with dentate inner edge. 
Hind wing with the veins slightly streaked with fuscous ; some 
fuscous marks on termen from apex to vein 3. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Paraiia {Jones), 1 $ . Exp., S 54, $ 60 
millim. Type f in Coll. Schaus. 

1630. Hypocrisias fuscipennis. (Plate XLII. fig. 27.) 

Halesidota fuscipennis, Burm. Descr, Eep. Arg. v. p. 441 (1878) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 213. 

$ . Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi black, orange at 
base; antennae black, with the basal joint orange; patagia with 
black spot and fuscous upper edge ; thorax streaked with black ; 
fore coxae orange with black spots, femora orange above, tibiae and 
tarsi black above ; abdomen orange above, the extremity and 
ventral surface ochreous white, lateral and sublateral series of 
black spots. Fore wing fuscous brown ; two ochreous white streaks 
on costal area extending to middle, a short streak below middle, on 
base of vein 1 and above and below its middle ; points just beyond 
the angles of cell, and sometimes a short streak on costa towards 



218 AKCTIAD^. 

apex ; cilia ochreous. Hind wing with the basal half ochreous 
white, the veins and terminal half fuscous brown ; cilia ochreous. 
Hah. Argentina (Burmeister), 2 2 • £^^j). 58 millim. 

Genus HELIOZONA, nov. 

Type, H. liaiiga. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect to just beyond the frons ; antennae 
of male bipectinate wirb short branches, the apical part serrate, of female 
serrate ; hind tibiae with the medial spurs absent ; abdomen dorsally clothed 
with rough hair at base. Fore wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 4, 5 
from angle; 6 from upper angle; 7,8,9, 10 stalked; 11 free. Hind wing 
with veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 

1631. Heliozona lianga. 

Satara liavga, Semp. Eeis. Arch. Phil. ii. p. 490, pi. 55. f, 8 (1899). 

Black-brown ; shoulders with orange spots ; abdomen with the 
terminal segment ventrally orange. Fore wing with broad oblique 




Fig. 125. — Heliozona lianga, ($ . \. 

orange band from costa just beyond middle to tornus, its inner edge 
slightly indented at median nervure and vein 1, its outer at veins 
3, 2, and 1. 

Hah. Philippines, E. Mindanao, 1 $ . ^o^jp., ^ 56, $ 76 millim. 
Types t c? $ in Coll. Semper. 

Genus NICJEA. 

Type. 
Mk(sa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 11 (1879) longipennis. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect to just beyond the frons ; antennae 
of male ciliated ; tibise with the spurs short ; scaling smooth. Fore wing 
rather narrow and produced at apex in male ; vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 
5 from above angle ; 6 from angle of cell or stalked with 7, 8, 9, 10, 10 from 
beyond 7 ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from 
above angle ; 6 7 from upper angle ; 8 from before middle of cell. 



1632. Nicasa longipennis. 

r)ennis, Wlk. iii. 655 (1855); ] 
7 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 

Head and thorax black ; palpi towards base, neck, and edges of 



Hypercompa longipennis, Wlk. iii. 655 (1855) ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. v. 
p. 18, pi. 82. f. 7 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 30 ; Kirby, Cat. Het, 
p. 31. 



NIC^A. PREPARCTIA . 219 

tegulse and patagia with some yellow ; legs brownish ; abdomen 
orange-yellow, with dorsal, subdorsal, sublateral, and ventral series 
of black spots or dorsal bands. Fore wing black ; a small ante- 
medial white spot below costa sometimes present ; a medial spot 
below costa, an oblique bar across cell, and a rounded spot below 
vein 2 ; postmedial spots on each side of veins 3 and 6, sometimes 
with a small spot below costa ; a subterminal spot above vein 2, and 




Fig, 126. — Nio(sa longipennis, ^ . i- (From Moths Ind. vol. ii.) 

sometimes four points between vein 4 and costa, and a point above 
vein 1. Hind wing orange- yellow with some black at base, two 
spots on middle of costa ; two large conjoined medial spots between 
cell and inner margin ; a large discoidal lunule ; the apical area 
black, with irregular inner edge and a white subapical spot ; two 
large black subterminal spots between vein 3 and tornus, the upper 
connected with termen. 

Hah. W. China, Chang- jang, 2 d* , 2 $, Ichang, 1 d* , Washan, 
1 $ (Pratt), Wa-ssu-kou, 1 $ , Omei-Shan, 1 c? , 1 $ , Moupin 
(Kricheldorff), 1 c? , 1 5 ; Kumaof ; -Sikhim, 1 c5" , 1 $ (Lidderdale) ; 
Assam, Sylhet, 1 S type. E.vp. 58-70 millim. 



Genus PREPARCTIA, nov. 

Type, P. mirifica. 

Proboscis fully developed ; palpi porrect, extending about the length of 
head ; antennee of female serrate ; tibise with the spurs moderate. Fore wing 
with -vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 
7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from close to angle 
of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

1633. Preparctia mirifica. 

Chelonia mirifica, Oberth. Et, Ent. xvi. p. 8, pi. 1, f. 7 (1892). 

$ . Head black ; thorax pale buff, with broad black stripes on 
patagia and vertex ; pectus and legs black, the femora scarlet 
above ; abdomen scarlet above, with short dorsal black bands, the 
ventral surface black. Fore wing pale buff ; a subbasal black spot 
on costa ; an antemedial spot conjoined to an irregular streak in 
cell ; an oblique patch below the cell ; a very oblique medial band 
forking at median nervure and enclosing a lunulate discoidal spot 



220 



ARCTIADiC. 



which is connected with its outer arm ; a postmedial band from 
costa to vein 4 angled outwards above vein 5 ; a triangular patch 
irom vein 3 to below 2, and a more elongate triangular patch on 
inner margin ; a black apical patch connected by a narrow band 
with a triangular patch on termen below middle extending to just 




Fig, 127. — Prejparctia mirifica, §• !• 

above tornus. Hind wing scarlet, with medial black band not 
reaching inner margin ; a large discoidal lunule ; small spots just 
beyond the cell on veins 5, 3, and 2, and large subterminal spots on 
veins 1 and 2, and from vein 4 to 7 ; cilia yellow ; vein 5 bi- 
furcating before termen on both sides. 

Hah. AV. China, Ta-chien-lu, 2 $ . Exp. 68 millim. 



Genus LEPTAECTIA, 

Type. 
Leptarctia, Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 118 (1872) California. 

Proboscis aborted ; palpi porrect to well beyond frons and clothed with 
rough hair ; antennae of male bipectinate with moderate branches, of female 
serrate; eyes hairy; head, thorax, and abdomen clothed with rough hair; 
tibia; with the spurs short, hind tibiae with the medial spurs absent. Fore 
wing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from below 
upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from 
angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of 
cell. 

1634. Leptarstia californiaB. 

Femeo'phila California!, Wlk. iii. 625 (1855) ; French, Can. Ent. xxi. p. 222, 

ff. 18, 19; id. An. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ix, p. 497, pi. 9. f . 7 ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 276. 
Lithosia decia, Boisd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xii. p. 72 (1869) ; French, Can. 

Ent. xxi. p. 224, ff. 20-21 ; id. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (d) ix. p. 498, pi. 9. 

ff. 9, 10 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 276. 
Lithosia Lena, Boisd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xii. p. 73(1869) ; French, Can. 

Ent. xxi. p. 224, ff. 20-21 ; id. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ix. p. 498, pi. 9. 

ff. 9, 10 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 276. 
Lithosia adnata, Boisd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xii. p. 73 (1869). 
Leptarctia dimidiata, Stretch, Zjg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 123, pi. 3. ff. 7-10 

(1872) ; French, Can. Ent. xxi. p. 222, f. 14 ; id. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) 

ix. p. 496, pi. 9. f. 3 ; Kirby. Cat. Het. p. 275. 



LEPTARCTIA. 221 

Leptarctia stretchii, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) viii. p. 312 (1881) ; French, Can. 

Ent. xxi. p. 222, f. 12 ; id. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ix. p. 495, pi. 9. f. 1 ; 

Kirbj, Cat. Het. p. 275. 
Leptarctia fulvofasciata, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) viii. p. 313 (1884) ; French, 

Can. Ent. xxi. p. 223, f. 17 ; id. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ix. p. 497, pi. 9. 

f. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 270. 
Leptarctia hoisduvalii, Butl. A. M.N. H. (5) viii. p. 313 (1881) ; French, 

Can. Ent. xxi. p. 222, f. 13 ; id. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ix. p. 496, pi. 9. 

f. 2 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 275. 
Leptarctia latifasciata, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) viii. p. 313 (1881) ; French, 

Can. Ent. xxi. p. 223, f. 17 ; id. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (G) ix. p. 497, pi. 9. 

f. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 276. 
Leptarctia atbifascia, French, Can. Ent. xxi. p. 223, f. 15 (1889) ; id. Ann. 

Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ix. p. 496, pi. 9. f. 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 276. 
Leptarctia Occident alis, French, Can. Ent. xxi. p. 223, f. 16 (1889) ; id. Ann. 

Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ix. p. 496, pi. 9. f. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 276. 
Leptarctia wrightii, French, Can. Ent. xxi. p. 224, flf. 18, 19 (1889); id. 

Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ix. p. 498, pi. 9. flP. 7, 8 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 276. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen black mixed with grey hair ; white 
stripes above the eyes and on shoulders ; femora scarlet above ; 




Fig. 128. — Leptarctia californice, (^ . f. 

abdomen with orange lateral stripes, the ventral surface whitish. 
Fore wing blackish suffused with grey ; a short white streak on 
base of median nervure; obscure antemedial, postmedial, and 
subterminal dark lines with some orange spots on them, the two 
former angled on median nervure, the last irregularly dentate, the 
postmedial line with whitish mark on its outer edge at costa. Hind 
wing orange-yellow ; some conjoined black streaks at base, on 
inner margin developed into a fascia extending to the medial band, 
which is interrupted in discal, and usually in submedian fold ; a 
subterminal maculate band conjoined in places to a black terminal 
band extending from apex to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. lena. Rather paler ; hind wing without medial band. 

Ab. 2. fulvofasciata. Hind wing black from base to the medial 
band. 

Ab. 3. decia. Hind wing orange-red, with interrupted black 
medial band. 

Ab. 4. latifasciata. Hind wing orange-red, black from base to 
the medial band. 

Ab. 5. dimidiata. Hind wing wholly black or with interrupted 
orange-red subterminal band. 



222 AEcriAD^. 

Ab. 6. Fore wing with whitish band with irregular outer edge 
beyond the postmedial line. 

(a) hoisdvvali. Hind wing with orange postmedial band. 
(6) stretchi. Hind wing wholly black or with slight orange- 
red markings. 
Hab. U.S.A., Eocky Mts. and Sierra Nevada, California, Grote 
Coll., 2(5,3$,lc^,l$ type, Eouge R. (Walsingham), 13 6, 
17 $ , types fulvofasciata, latifascia, boisduvalii, stretchii. Exp. 
28-40 millim.* 

Genus HYPHORAIA. 

Type. 

Ht/phoraia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 182 (1827) testiidinaria. 

Hatarctia, Pack. Proc. Eut. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 109 (1864) parthenos. 

Proboscis aborted, small; palpi porrect to just beyond frontal tuft; eyes 
hairy, small, the ocelli remote from margin of eye ; antennae of male bipectinate 
with moderate branches, of female serrate ; head, thorax, and abdomen clothed 
•with rough hair ; tibiae with the spurs moderate. Fore wing with veins 3 and 5 
from near angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 free 
Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from close to angle of cell; 6, 7 from upper 
angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

A. Hind wing with the terminal area tinged with scarlet. 

a. Fore wing with the markings whitish lapponica. 

h. Fore wing with the markings yellow testudinaria. 

B. Hind wing with the terminal area not tinged with 

scarlet. 
a. Tegulffi not edged with scarlet. 



. Hind wing with black fascia on inner area aulica. 



b^. Hind wing without black fascia on inner area dejeani. 

h. Tegulse edged with scarlet parthenos. 

1635. Hyphoraia lapponica. 

Bomhyx f estiva, Bork. Eur. Schmett. iii. p. 191 (1790), nee Hiifn. 
Bombyx lapponica, Thunb. Diss. Ent. pt. ii. p. 40, f. 7 (1791) ; Acerbi, 

Travels N. Cape, ii. p. 254, pi. ii. f. 5, iii. f. 6 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 324, 

pi. 34. f. 1 ; Boisd. Icones,ii. p. 128, pi. 59. f. 2 ; Eom. Mem. ix. p. 198, 

pi. 14. f. 8 ; Staud. Cat. p. 57 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 262. 
Bomhijx alpina, Quens. Acerbi's Travels N. Cape, ii. p. 253, pi. 1. f. 4 

(1802) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 257. 
Arctia thulea, Dalm. Anal. Ent. p. 92 (1823) ; Sangb. Ent. Tidskr. i. p. 92, 

pi. 1. f. 1; Alph. Eom. Mem. ix. p. 197, pi. 2. ff. 6,7; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 257. 
Bomhyx avia, Hiibn. Schmett. Eur. ii. ff. 230, 247 (1827). 
Euprepia hyperboreus. Curt. Ross 2nd Vov. App. p. 71 (1835) ; Staud. 

Cat. p. 57 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 262. 

Head, thorax, and abdomen dark red-brown ; tegulae in front and 
stripes on patagia grey-white ; legs striped with white, the femora 
tinged with crimson above ; stripes on sides of abdomen and anal 
tuft dull crimson. Pore wing dark red-brown ; a white patch 
on base of costa and short streak on inner margin ; an antemedial 
spot on costa and sometimes a point on vein 1 ; a medial patch on 
costa and sometimes points in submedian fold and on vein 1 ; a 
postmedial bar from costa to vein 5 ; a subterminal maculate band 
excurved between veins 6 and 4, Hind wing orange tinged with 



HYPHORAIA. 223 

scarlet ; the basal area black-brown, sometimes extending to the 
discoidal lunule, and on inner area to tornus ; a subterminal 
maculate band, sometimes interrupted and bent outwards to termcn 
before tornus, some brown on termen at apex and middle. 

Ab. 1. tJmlea $ . Fore wing with the series of white spots more 
developed and complete alpina is probably the same species. 

Hah. Arctic America (Oollinson), 2 cJ, 1 $ ; Lapland; Altai , 
Siberia. Exp. 48 millim. 

Larva clothed with long brown hair. 

1636. Hyphoraia testudinaria. 

Phalcena testudbiaria, Fourcr. Eat. Paris, ii. p. 260 (1785); Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 262. 
Bomhyx maculania, Lang, Verz. Schmett. p. 91 (1789) ; Staud. Oat. p. 58. 
Bomhyx curialis, Esp. Schmett. Suppl. iii. p. 4 (1790). 
Bomhyx aulica, Esp. Schmett. iii. pi. 80. fF. 2, 3 (1790) ; nee Linn. 
Bomhyx civica, Hiibn. Beitr. Schmett. ii. (l)p. 11, pi. 1 E. (1827), ii. (3) 

p. 63, pi. 2 F. ; id. Eur. Schmett. ii. ff. 140, 141 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. 

p. 328, pi 34. f. 3. 

(S . Head and thorax pale red-brown ; antennae tinged with 
scarlet ; tegulae in front, outer part of patagia, and pectus pale 
yellow ; legs pale scarlet ; abdomen orange banded with black 
above, the ventral surface yellowish, fulvous at extremity. Fore 
■wing dark red-brown ; subbasal, antemedial, and medial spots in 




Fig. 129. — Hyphoraia testudinaria, <^ . \. 

submedian fold, often conjoined ; a spot in end of cell ; conjoined 
postmedial spots above and below vein 6 ; a quadrate spot on vein 3, 
its lower extremity produced obliquely to termen where there is an 
orange spot on cilia ; a subterminal point above vein 5 and sometimes 
one above 6 further from termen. Hind wing yellow, the terminal 
half scarlet ; a waved antemedial black band ; a large discoidal 
spot ; a subterminal patch from costa to vein 4, emitting streaks to 
termen on the veins and two large conjoined spots towards tornus. 

$ . Fore wing sometimes with antemedial spot on costa and more 
subterminal spots towards apex ; hind wing sometimes wholly 
scarlet, 

Hah. France, Zeller Coll., 1 c?, 3 $ ; S. Tyrol, Frey Coll., 1 <S ; 
Italy, Macugnaga, 1 $ . Exp.^ ^ 38, $ 44 millim. 



224 A.ECTIADJE. 

1637. Hyphoraia aulica. 

Bomhyx aulica, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 505 (1758) ; id. Faun. Suec. p. 301 ; 
Ksp. Scbmett. iii. p. 328, pi. 65. ff. 6, 7 ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ii. f. 139; 
Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 331, pi. 34. f. 4 ; Staud. Cat. p. 57 ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 261. 

S . Head and thorax dark red-brown ; tegula? in front and base 
of patagia with yellowish patches ; pectus pale yellow ; legs whitish, 
the femora orange above ; abdomen yellowish, dorsally banded with 
brown, the anal tuft fulvous. Fore wing dark red-brown ; subbasal, 
antemedial, and medial yellow spots in submedian fold, the first 
two sometimes conjoined ; a spot in end of cell ; two spots beyond 
the cell above and below vein 6 ; a spot above vein 3 and an oblique 
streak below it extending to termen, where there is an orange spot 
on cilia ; a subterminal spot above vein 5. Hind wing orange ; the 
basal area black with an orange spot below the cell, its outer edge 
angled below the cell and extending to tornus ; a large discoidal 
patch extending to costa ; a terminal patch from apex to vein 4, 
sometimes with orange spots on termen and two large conjoined 
spots towards tornus. 

2 . Abdomen more orange ; fore wing sometimes with more spots 
developed towards apex. 

Hah. Europe, C. & E., Zeller and Frey Colls., Hungary, Finland, 
Russia ; Pontijs ; Aemenia ; Altai ; Amtje. Exjp., S 36, $ 44 
millim. 

*1638. Hyphoraia? dejeani. 

Chelonia dejeani, G-odt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 326, pi. 34. f. 2 (1822) ; Boisd. 
leones, ii. p. 127, pi. 60. f. 3 ; Staud. Cat. p. 58 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 262. 

$ . Head and thorax red-brown ; antennae black ; front of tegulse 
and outer edge of patagia ochreous,; abdomen orange, with dorsal 
series of short black bands, a streak on last two segments, and lateral 
series of small spots. Fore wing red-brown, with slight antemedial 
ochreous streak below costa and point at lower angle of cell ; an 
irregular fascia below the cell, emitting a spur to origin of vein 2 
and bent upwards at extremity to an oblique postmedial band 
between vein 6 and submedian fold ; small subterminal spots on 
veins 7, 5, 4. Hind wing orange, with large black median lunule 
from middle of cell to below vein 1 ; a discoidal lunule ; a sub- 
terminal maculate band from below costa to vein 3 and spots on 
veins 2 and 1. 

Hah. Spain, C. & S. mountains. Eccp. 54 millim. This species 
is unknown to me. 

1639. Hyphoraia parthenos. 

Arctia parthenos, Harr. Agassiz's Lake Superior, p. 390, pi. 7. f. 4 (1850) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 257. 
Arctia horealis, Moschl. Wien. ent. Men. iv. p. 3S0, pi. 9. f . 3 (1860); 

Staud. Cat. p. 57 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 257. 

Head and thorax red-brown ; palpi at base, vertex of head, neck, 
and tegulse behind crimson ; yellow stripes on tegulae and patagia ; 



HYPHOEAIA. OCNOGYNA. 225 

pectus and legs crimson and brown ; abdomen orange, the dorsum 
black except at extremity, the anal tuft and ventral surface tinged 
with crimson. Fore wing red-brown ; a yellow streak in base of 
submedian fold ; a small spot sometimes present on costa near base ; 
an antemedial spot on costa and a spot in submedian fold, a medial 
spot on costa with another below it in cell ; postmedial spots on. 
costa, above vein 5 and above and below vein 2 ; a subtorminal series 
of small spots bent outwards below vein 6. Hind wing orange ; 
the area to just beyond cell black, with orange streaks in basal part 
of cell and submedian fold and spot in end of cell ; a subterminal 
band with waved edges, sometimes not reaching costa. 

Hah. Canada, Labrador, Anticosti I., 1 $ Grote Coll., Lake 
Superior, Mackenzie E. {Sir J. Richardson)^ 1 $ . Exp., (S 56, 
$ 70 millim. 

Genus LAORA. 

Type. 

Laora, Wlk. vi. 1482 (1855) antennata. 

Proboscis aborted ; palpi porrect, the 2ud joint reaching as far as the frontal 
tuft and clothed with long hair, the 3rd long and smoothly scaled ; head, thorax, 
and abdomen clothed with long hair ; antenna of male bipectinate, with long 
branches ; tibige with the spurs moderate. Fore wing rather narrow ; vein 3 
from long before angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 
10 stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 
from angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

1640. Laora antennata. 

Laora antennata, Wlk. vi. 1482 (1855) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 275. 




Fig. 130. — Laora antennata, ^ . i. 

J . Dark reddish brown ; shoulders and base of abdomen with 
some yellowish hair; femora fulvous yellow above. Hind wing 
with the interspaces pale; some yellowish hair in discal and 
submedian folds and on inner margin. 

Bab, Colombia, Bogota, 2 cS type. Kvp. 38 millim. 



Genus OCNOGYNA. 



Typ6 



Tric}ioso7na, Ramb. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. i. p. 272 ('183"^) • ner^ 

Rud. Vermes, 1819 ^. ......!..'... parasita 

Ocnogijna, Led. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, ii. p. 78 (1852) ... parasita 

Fachylischia, Ramb. Cat. Lep. And. ii. p. 240 (1866) Corsica 

Nototrachus, Ramb. Cat. Lep. And. ii. p. 245 (1866) ..'!..*.'..".."" pierreh 

Artlmelia, Ramb. Cat. Lep. And. ii. p. 248 (1866) latreilU 

t^omatrichia, Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 274 (1893) " parai^^ita 

Tancrea, Pungeler, Soc. Ent. xiii. p. 57 (1898) "" pirdalina 

VOL. III. Q 



226 AECTIAD.E. 

Proboscis aborted : palpi porrect, extending as far as frons and clotbed with 
very long bair ; bead, tborax, and abdomen clotbed with long hair ; antennce of 
male bipectinate with rather long branches, of female with short branches ; 
fore tibiae with a large claw on inner side at extremity and short claw on outer; 
hind tibiae with the medial spurs absent. Fore wing with vein 3 from near 
angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 
11 free. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 
6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from before middle of cell. Female with the wings 
more or less aborted. 

A. Hind wing crimson or tinged wdth crimson. 
a. Fore wing black with whitish bands. 

a^. Femora scarlet above loewi. 

h^. Femora black latreilU. 

h. Fore wing ochreous with blackish bands banghaasi, 

B. Hind wing orange or yellow. 

a. Fore wing blackish with yellow bands. 

a}. Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white parcJalina. 

h^. Head, thorax, and abdomen black Corsica. 

h. Fore wing black with brownish bands pretiosa. 

c. Fore wing grey or reddish brown. 

d^. Fore wing with irregular yellowish-white spots pierreH. 

h^. Fore wing without spots hvguenini. 

C. Hind wing with the ground-colour white. 

a. Fore wing with the postmedial line strongly angled 

outwards at middle boetica. 

b. Fore wing with the postmedial line oblique ... clatkrata. 

D. Hind wing brown or fuscous. 

■ a. Fore wing with series of black spots. 

o^. Fore wing bright red-brown pudens. 

b^. Fore wing dark brown leprieuri. 

c\ Fore wing pale grey-brown. 

a^. Fore wing of male with black spots in inner half... parasifa. 

b'^. Fore wing of male without spots on inner half owgelli. 

b. Fore wing without black spots jelsJci. 

1641. Ocnogyna loewi. 

Tricliosoma loewii, Zell. Stett. ent. Zeit. vii. p. 9 (1816) ; Staud. Cat. p. 59 ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 273. 

5 . Fuscous black ; head and thorax not hairy ; palpi rather 
long ; fore coxae at sides and the femora above except at extremity 
scarlet. Fore wing black, with whitish medial band with black 
costal spots on it ; the costa towards apex and termen pinkish 
white. Hind wing crimson, brownish towards base ; the wings 
much aborted. 

Hah. Asia Minok, Istenas Yalley, 1 5 type. 

«■ 

1 642. Ocnogyna latreilli. 

Chelonia latreilli, Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 318, pi 33. f. 1 (1822) ; Boisd. 
Icones, ii. p. 124, pi. 59. f. 5 ; Herr.-SchafF. Schmett. Eur. ii. p. 146, 
ff. 66, 67, 118 ; Staud. Cat. p. 58 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 265. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen black mixed with grey hair ; 
tibiae and tarsi whitish ; abdomen with yellowish hair at sides and 
ventral bands. Fore wing black ; an antemedial white line oblique 
from costa to the submedian fold, where it is angled and connected 



ocNoaiNA. 227 

by a fascia with the postmedial line ; a somewhat triangular patch 
from middle of costa to submedian fascia; the postmedial line angled 
at vein 4, then oblique ; the subterminal band angled outwards at 
vein 5, then inwards to postmedial band and outwards again to 
termen above tornus. Hind wing crimson, with black discoidal 
lunule and terminal band interrupted at vein 3 and hardly reaching 
tornus. 

2 . Head, thorax, and abdomen without grey and yellow hair ; 
wings more or less aborted ; fore wing with the markings tinged 
with red ; hind wing with the terminal band sometimes broken up 
into spots. 

Bab. Spain, mountains, 1 d" , 2 $ , Zeller Coll. Exj). 30 millim. 



*1643. Ocnogyna banghaasi. 

Arctia bangkaasi, Staud. Iris, viii. p. 291, pi. v. f. 10 (1895). 

S . Grey-brown, palpi and branches of antennge blackish ; femora 
crimson above ; abdomen black above with subdorsal crimson fasciae, 
lateral and sublateral black spots, the ventral surface brown. Pore 
wing grey-brown splotched with brown ; a blackish patch at base 
of inner area sometimes present; an antemedial blackish band angled 
below the cell ; a discoidal spot with an oblique band from it to 
inner margin ; a postmedial band of confluent dentate spots ; a 
subterminal series of dentate spots. Hind wing crimson ; a large 
black discoidal lunule ; a subterminal maculate blackish band 
interrupted at vein 1 ; the termen and cilia brown, with a series of 
black points between apex and vein 3. Fore wing often with tbe 
markings obsolescent and reduced ; hind wing sometimes with 
hardly a trace of crimson. 

Hah. Syeia, Akbes, in Coll. Oberthur. Exp. 36 millim. 

1644. Ocnogyna pardalina. (Plate XLII. fig. 19.) 

Tancrea pardalina, Pungeler, See. Ent. xiii. p. 57 (1898). 

c? . Head, thorax, and abdomen ochreous white ; tegulae, patagia, 
and thorax with blackish stripes ; abdomen with blackish bands ; 
wings ochreous yellow. Fore wing with obliquely-placed subbasal 
black spots below costa and above vein 1 ; antemedial and post- 
medial irregular patches from costa to below cell, connected by a 
subcostal streak and almost conjoined to a quadrate patch on middle 
of inner margin ; the postmedial patch angled outwards beyond 
lower angle of cell ; an irregular band with waved edges from costa 
before apex to termen at vein 4 ; a spot at apex and a subterminal 
patch from vein 3 to inner margin. Hind wing with blackish streaks 
on median nervure, vein 1, and inner margin; a discoidal lunule; 
a large apical patch and a subterminal band with waved edges from 
vein 4 to inner margin. 

Hab. C. Asia, Kungese, 1 cS . Eocp. 32 millim. 

Q2 



228 ARCTIAD^. 

1645. Ocnogyna Corsica. 

TncJiosoma corsicum, Eamb. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. i. p. 272, pi. 8. f. 6 (1832) ; 

Boisd. Icones, Lep. ii. p. 119, pi. 60. ff. 7, 9 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. Suppl. iii. 

p. 61, pi. 4. if. 6 a, 6; Freyer, Neue Beitr. ii. p. 87, pi. 146. f. 3; 

Geyer, Eur. Schmett. ff. 347, 348, 352; Staud. Cat. p. 58; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 274. 
Ocnogyna Corsica, var. sardoa, Staud. Berl. ent. Zeit. xiv. p. 105 (1870). 
Ocnogyna Corsica, var. albifascia, Const. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) viii. p. 161, 

pi. iv. f. 1. (1888). 

J . Black ; head, thorax, and abdomen with some grey hair ; 
shaft of antennae yellow above ; extremity of tibiae and tarsi yellow; 
abdomen with yellow segmental lines on ventral surface. Fore 
wing with ochreous-white markings, becoming orange at margins ; 
waved subbasal and antemedial bands connected in submedian fold 
and obsolescent towards inner margin ; a medial waved band some- 
what angled on median nervure and connected in submedian fold 
with the postmedial waved band, which is angled at vein 4, then 
incurved ; the snbterminal band interrupted in places, angled 
inwards below costa, outwards to near termen above vein 5, then 
inwards to postmedial band at vein 4 and to termen at vein 2 ; cilia 
with some orange points. Hind wing orange, with black fasciae 
below the cell and on vein 1 ; a discoidal spot ; a large snbterminal 
spot from costa to vein 4, and a maculate band on apical part of 
termen. 

5 . Wings aborted, small ; fore wing with the markings more 
diffused ; hind wing orange, with some black spots on termen. 

Ab. 1. sardoa. Hind wing with the fasciae reduced to spots ; 
female with the wings more developed. — Sardinia. 

Ab. 2. albifascia. The orange areas replaced by dirty white. 

Hah. CoEsicA, 6 d , 2 $ , Frey Coll. ; Saedinia, 2 cJ , 2 $ , Zeller 
Coll. Exp., S 28, 2 16 millim. 

Larva. Pale, mottled with red-brown ; the warts with tufts of 
plumose hair ; the hair from warts of first four and last two somites 
black on dorsum, pale fulvous on medial somites, the hair from 
lateral warts white, from sublateral and ventral warts black ; head 
red-brown. 

* 161 6. Ocnogyna pretiosa. 

Arctia pretiosa, Staud. Eom. Mem. iii. p. 192, pi. 11. f. 4 (1887) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 265. 

$ . Head and thorax brownish grey ; antennae black ; tegulae 
with black spots at sides and middle; patagia with black streaks at 
extremity ; thorax with black patch ; abdomen orange, with dorsal 
black fascia on basal segments followed by a short band, then a 
triangular spot. Fore wing black ; a brownish-grey antemedial 
band, angled on median nervure, emitting fasciae to base on costa, 
median nervure, and inner margin, and a fascia to the postmedial 
band on median nervure ; an oblique fascia from middle of costa 
to lower angle of cell ; a postmedial band, excurved from costa to 
lower angle of cell, then slightly incurved; a subterminal dentate 



OCNOOYNA. 229 

band angled inwards to the postmedial band below costa and at 
veins 5 and 2 and outwards to ternien at veins 6, 4, and 1 ; cilia 
brownish grey. Hind wing orange, with black spots at base, in cell, 
and on inner margin ; a discoidal spot ; a subterminal bar from 
below costa to vein 5 and another from vein 4 to near torn us. 

Hah. Amurland, Kaddefka. Exjp. 30 millim. This species is 
unknown to me. 

*1647. Ocnogyna pierreti. 

TricJioso7na pierreti. Ramb. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. x. p. xxvii.pl. 5. f. 1 (1841); 

Oberth. Et. Eut vi. p. 72, pi. 2. if. 8, 9 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 273. 
Tricho8oma mauritmiica, Lucas, Expl. Alg., Zool. iii. p. 376, pi. 3. f. 5 

(1849) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 274. 
Trickosoma atlanticum, Lucas, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (3) i. p. 412, pi. 13 (2). 

f. 2 (1853) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. g. 274. 
Trichosoma gandolphei, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 71, pi. 2. f. 7(1881); Kirbj, 

Oat. Het. p. 275. 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen blackish, clothed with long 
ochreous and greyish hair ; femora orange-red above. Fore wing 
dull reddish brown; a pale ochreous streak on base of inner margin; 
another below base of cell expanding into an antemedial clavate 
mark and joined by an oblique line from costa ; a spot on middle of 
costa expanding into a rounded patch in end of cell ; an oblique 
postmedial bar from costa to vein 4, and an oblique bar from vein 3 
to 1 dentate on outer side ; an oblique bar from costa to vein 6 
before apex ; subterminal points above and below vein 6 and an 
oblique spot above vein 2. Hind wing orange ; a blackish streak 
below median nervure and another on vein 1 expanding into a 
terminal spot ; a terminal band from apex to vein 4 followed by a 
large spot ; underside with the costal area whitish, with black spots 
at base and middle. 

Ab. 1. gandolphei. Fore wing with the markings reduced, no 
streak on base of inner margin or line from costa, the medial spot 
almost absent ; the lower postmedial bar reduced to a curved 
spot below vein 2 ; the terminal area unmarked except for a small 
spot on costa before apex ; hind wing with black discoidal point 
or lunule. 

Ab. 2. ailantlea. Fore wing with all the spots present but 
small. 

Ab. 3. mauritanica. Fore wing with the spots reduced to a 
triangular spot below middle of costa and a point beyond upper 
angle of cell. 

Hab. Algeria, Bone, type t gandolphei in Coll. Oberthur. Ex]). 
34 millim. 

*1648. Ocnogyna huguenini. 

Trickosoma huguenini, Oberth. Et. Ent. iii. p. 42 (1878) ; Mill. Ann. Soc. 
Linn. Lyon, xxv. p. 10, pi. 125. f. 10 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 275. 

S . Head, thorax, and abdomen black clothed with grey hair, 
tinged with ochreous on head. Fore wing dull reddish brown. 



230 ARCTIAD^. 

Hind -wing pale orange-yellow ; a black discoidal point ; broad 
blackish fasciae on costa, below median nervure, and on vein 1 ; a 
broad terminal band enclosing a yellow terminal spot in submedian 
fold. 

Hah. Algiers {Armand David), type t J in Coll. Oberthur. 
Exjp. 28 millim. 

1649. Ocnogyna bcetica. 

Trichosoma hcetica, Kamb. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr, v. p. 587, pi. 17 A. flF. 1-4 
(1836) ; id. Faun. And. ii. pi. 14. ff. 1-4 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. Suppl. iii. p. 64, 
pi. 4. ff. 7«, 6; Herr.-Schaff. Scbmett. Eur. ii. p. 141. f. 11; Freyer, 
Keue Beitr. iv. p. 41, pi. 313. f. 4 ; Staud. Cat. p. 69; Kirbj, Cat. Het. 
p. 274. 

(S . Elack ; head, thorax, and abdomen clothed with long grey 
hair tinged with ochreous on head. Pore wing with subbasal 
yellowish-white point and antemedial and medial spots below costa; 
a fascia in submedian fold ; a postmedial sinuous band, oblique 
towards costa, excurved between veins 5 and 3, then inwardly 
oblique and terminating at submedian fascia ; an oblique bar from 
costa before apex sometimes conuected with the postmedial band ; 
an oblique streak from postmedial band at vein 3 to termen ; a ter- 
minal series of points sometimes with spot above vein 5. Hind 
wing white ; a medial black band strongly angled beyond lower 
angle of cell, emitting a streak toward base below the cell and ending 
at submedian fold ; the terminal area black with irregular inner 
edge, partially intercepted by white between veins 3 and 4 and 
emitting a streak towards base on inner area; a short oblique streak 
on termen above vein 1 ; cilia white and black. 

Rab. Spain, 3 c? ; Tunis (Eaton), 1 cS . Exjj. 32 millim. 

*1650. Ocnogyna clathrata. 

Ocnogyna clathrata, Led. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, v, p. 202, pi. 2. f. 7 

(1855); Staud. Cat. p. 59; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 273. 
Trichosoma loewii, Herr.-Schaff. Neue Schmett. p. 32, ff. 164, 165 (1864) ; 

nee Zeller. 
Trichosoma loewii, var. armena, Staud. Cat. p. 59 ; Led. Ann. Soc. Ent. 

Beige, xiii. p. 32, pi. 1. f. 8 (1870). 
Oowgyna herricJci, Staud. Hor. Soc. Ent. Eoss. xiv. p. 337 (1878) ; Kirby, 

Cat! Het. p. 273. 
Ocnogyna herricki, var. jpallidior, Christ, Eom. Mem. i. p. 109, pi. 7. f. 1 «, 6 

(1884). 

S . Head and thorax brownish grey, with blackish marks on 
vertex of head, tegulse, patagia, and thorax; abdomen brown, 
greyish at sides. Fore wing brown, with whitish streak on base of 
costa ; a triangular or oblique bar-shaped spot on middle of costa ; 
a fascia in submedian interspace extending to termen ; a somewhat 
sinuous oblique postmedial line ; the subterminal line angled out- 
wards to near termen at vein 5, then inwards to postmedial line at 
vein 4, outwards to termen at vein 2, and inwards to the submedian 
fascia ; cilia white. Hind wing white, with oblique brown band 



OCNOGYNA. 231 

from costa to lower angle of cell irregular on outer side ; a large 
subterminal spot below costa and terminal spots ou veins 2 and 1 ; 
underside with basal brown patch on costa. 

Ab. 1. annena. Hind wing with the subterminal spots conjoined 
into a maculate band from costa to vein 2 and extending to termen 
at apex and middle. 

Ab. 2. hernc]ci = loeivi, H.-S. nee Zell. Fore wing blacker ; a pale 
spot in lower end of cell instead of the costal mark ; hind wing with 
tlie oblique band reduced to a discoidal point ; a complete terminal 
band indented at middle and above vein 1 ; inner area blackish. 
2 almost entirely black. 

xib. 3. pallidior. Head, thorax, and abdomen 5'ellowish brown 
without markings ; fore wing with the markings ochreous ; two 
streaks in cell instead of the costal markings, the postmedial line 
and submedian fascia straighter ; the veins of inner and terminal 
areas streaked with ochreous; hind wing ochreous white, with fus- 
cous point at upper angle of cell ; five elongate subterminal spots 
and some points on termen. — Askhabad. This may be a distinct 
species. 

Bah. Asia Minor ; Syria ; Armenia ; Caucasus. Ea^j^. 38 millim. 
This species is unknown to me. 

Larva of pallidior violaceous grey ; dorsal area blackish with 
white dorsal line ; subdorsal area ferruginous, with fine dark brown 
streaks on and below its lower edge ; a lateral series of streaks ; 
hair ferruginous on dorsal area, dark brown on lateral; head and 
legs dark brown. 

*1651. Ocnogyna pudens. 

Trichosoma pudens, Lucas, Ann. See. Ent. Fr. (3) i. p. 410, pi. 33 (2). f. 1 
(1853); Eamb. Oat. Lep. And. p. 239, pi. 4. f. 2; Ivirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 246. 

Spilosoma vaillantini, Austaut, Le Nat. 1894, p. 55. 

S . Head yellowish brown ; palpi and antennas black, the base of 
shaft scarlet ; thorax red-brown ; legs scarlet above, the extremities 
of tibiae and tarsi black ; abdomen yellow-brown, the subdorsal area 
tinged with scarlet, a dorsal series of slight black bands. Fore 
wing bright red-brown ; antemedial, medial, and postmedial curved 
maculate black lines, the 1st interrupted above inner margin, the 
2nd in cell and submedian fold, the 3rd with separate spots in its 
medial part ; a subterminal spot on costa, a spot below vein 5, and 
three points towards inner margin ; two spots on cilia at apex and 
three at middle. Hind wing dark brown, with antemedial, post- 
medial, and subterminal black spots on costa, a subterminal spot on 
vein 5, a wedge-shaped patch from below end of cell to near termen 
and another on inner area from base to termen ; two points on 
middle of cilia. 

Ab. 1. Wings with the black markings much reduced. 

Hah. Spain ; Algeria, Bone {Olivier)^ in Coll. Oberthur. Exp. 
34 millim. 



232 ARCTIADJ]:. 

*1652. Ocnogyna leprieuri. 

Spilosoma leprimri, Oberth. Et. Ent. iii. p. 43, pi. 5. f. 2 (1878) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 246. 

(^ . Head and thorax red-brown ; palpi, lower part of frons, and 
antennae black, the last with the base of shaft crimson ; femora 
above and tibiae and tarsi except at extremities crimson ; abdomen 
fulvous yellow, with black dorsal and sublateral stripes. Pore wing 
dark brown, thinlj scaled, the costa and inner margin redder brown 
and thickly scaled ; antemedial and medial black spots on costa, 
median nervure, and inner margin ; a spot at lower angle of cell, 
with a triangular spot on costa above it ; a postmedial triangular 
spot on costa, points on veins 5 to 2, and spot on inner margin ; 
subterminal points on vein 5 and inner margin. Hind wing dull 
brown, with obscure blackish spots at angles of cell, subterminal 
spots on costa and below vein 5, and diffused streaks below the cell 
and on inner area ; cilia blackish. 

2 . Uniform black-brown, except the crimson on antenna? and 
legs ; wings very small. 

The tibial claw in this species is very minute. 

Hah. Algeria, Philippeville {Olivier)^ types t J $ in Coll. Ober- 
thur. Exp. (S 30 millim. 

Perhaps a subspecies or variety of 0. pudens. 



1653. Ocnogyna parasita. 

Bomhyx parasita, Hiibn. Beitr. Sehmett. ii. (2) p. 42, pi. 2. f. 1 (1790) ; 
id. Eur. Sehmett. ii. ff. 146, 228 ; Esp. Sehmett. iii. Suppl. p. 73, pi. 92. 
ff. 1-7 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 347, pi. 36. ff. ] , 2 ; Freyer, Neue Beitr. 
iii. p. 5, pi. 194 ; Friv. Magyar Tud. Akad. Erkon. xi. (4) p. 147, pi. 4. 
if. 7 a-c ; Boisd. Icones, Lep. ii. p. 121, pi. 60. ff. 5, 6 ; Staud. Cat. p. 59 ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 274. 




Fig. 131. — Ocnogyna para&ita, ($ . \. 

S . Grey-brown ; palpi, antennae, and ill-defined stripes on tcgulae, 
patagia, and thorax black ; abdomen with some black hair ; pectus, 
legs, and ventral surface of abdomen blackish. Fore wing with 
medial black pale-edged spots on costa, median nervure, and vein 1, 
sometimes connected with the base by streaks ; postmedial elongate 
spots on costa and veins 5 and 2 ; cilia pale at tips. Hind wing- 
rather paler or tinged with black; diffiised fuscous subterminal 
spots sometimes present on veins 7, 5, and 2 ; cilia whitish at tips. 



OCNOGYNA. rnEAGMATOBIA. 233 

2 . Abdomen blackish, with subdorsal brownish segmental bands ; 
wings partially aborted and reduced ; fore wing with nntemedial 
black spots below costa and on vein 1 and terminal spots below apex 
and at middle ; hind wing with medial black spot on costa and sub- 
terminal spots on veins 7, 4, and 2. 

Bah. AusTKiA, Yalais ; Hungary, 5 c? , 3 $ , Zeller and Frey Colls. ; 
Bulgaria. Kvjj., d 38, $ 24 millim. 

*]654. Ocnogyna nogelli. 

Ocnogyna nogelli. Led. Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, ix. pp. 62-77, pi. 3, fF. 3-6 
(1865) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 274. 

S . Pale grey-brown ; vertex of head, upper edge of tegulae, and 
patches on thorax and abdomen ochreous. Fore wing with 
fuscous antemedial and medial bands with waved edges from costa 
to median nervure ; a postmedial spot on costa ; a terminal shade ; 
cilia pale. Hind wing with subterminal fuscous spot below costa ; 
cilia pale. 

Ab. 1. More whitish brown ; thorax with more ochreous. 

$ . Head and thorax browner, the vertex of head, edges of tegulae 
and patagia, and patch on thorax grey ; fore wing grey-brown, with 
basal brown patch, antemedial band, medial band narrowing to 
inner margin, large postmedial spot on costa, and small spots on 
veins 2 and 1 ; spots at apex and middle of termen ; hind wing 
with medial band and band from costa before apex narrowing to 
tornus. 

Hah. Asia Minor, Kisilgye-Aole. Exp.^ c? 34, $ 26 millim. 
This species is unknown to me. 

Larva pale dull brown striated with black, with pale dorsal and 
subdorsal lines, the latter with orange points; ventral surface pale 
greenish ; warts pale, with sparse tufts of hair. 

1655. Ocnogyna jelski." 

Arctia jelsJci, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 33, pi. 10. f. 3 (1881); Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 276. 

<S . Head, thorax, and abdomen black-brown ; the anal tuft with 
some orange hair at sides ; wings thinly clothed with black-brown 
hairy scales, the veins and margins more thickly scaled ; slight 
discoidal lunules ; cilia pale at tips. 

Hah. Peru, type t c? in Coll. Oberthur, Oroya (Simons), 1 S . 
Exj). 26 millim. 

Genus PHRAGMATOBIA. 

Type. 

Phragmatobia, Stepb. 111. Brit. Eat., Haust. ii. p. 73 (1828) ... fuliginosa. 

Chelis, Eainb. Cat. Lep. And. ii. p. 256 (1866) maculosa. 

Moarctia, Neum. & Dyar, Ent. News Philad. iv. p. 141 (1893). beani. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, reaching as far as or to just beyond 
frontal tuft and clothed with lon^ hair ; of female with very short branches ; 
eyes very small ; head, thorax, and abdomen clothed with rough woolly hair, 



234 ARCTIADiE. 

the head retracted ; tibiae with the spurs short. Fore wiag with reiu 3 from 
close to angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle or 5 above angle ; G from upper angle 
or stalked with 7 ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 
3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle or stalked ; 
8 from middle of cell. 

In one specimen of K casta, there is a bar between veins 6, 7 of fore wing, 
and vein 7 of hind wing forks before the apex. 

Sect. I. (Chelis). Antennae of male bipectinate, with moderate branches. 
A. Female with the wings aborted, small. 

1656. Phragmatobia zoraida. 

Chelonia zoraida, Grasl. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (2) v. p. 561, pi. 17. f. 3 
( 1836) ; Dup. Lep. Fr. Suppl. iii. p. 54, pi. 4. f. 4 ; Herr.-Schiiff. Schmett. 
Eur. ii. p. 144, f. 92; Eamb. Cat. L6p. And. ii. p. 257, pi. 4. f. 1; Staud. 
Cat. p. 59 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 273. 

(S . Head black, palpi and sides of frons blackish ; thorax and 
abdomen blackish, with some brown on edges of tegulae and patagia,on 
legs and sides and ventral surface of abdomen ; femora crimson above. 
Fore wing pale reddish brown ; a black spot on base of costa ; two 
antemedial spots from costa to median nervure sometimes conjoined, 
and a double spot on vein 1 ; a postmedial triangular spot on costa, 
sometimes with an excurved line from it to vein 2, and a spot on 
vein 1 ; a subterminal spot on costa, with two small conjoined spots 
below its outer extremity. Hind wing with a dusky tinge ; a 
black discoidal point and subterminal points below costa and on 
veins 5 and 2. 

5 . Fore wing with the black markings reduced; abdomen brown, 
with dorsal black band and sublateral spots. 

Hal). Spain, Sierra del Alfakar, in Coll. Oberthur. Eocp., S 30, 
$ 20 millim. 

Subsp. 1. hemigena, .Grasl. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (2) viii. p. 402, pi. 10. ff. 9- 
11 (1850); Herr.-Schaff. Schmett. Eur. vL p. 52, ff. 156-157; Staud. Cat. p. 59; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 273. 

(5 . Redder brown ; vertex of head brown. 

2 . F^ore wing with the antemedial and medial costal patches 
conj0.uent. 

Hah. Pyrenees, 2 d , 2 5 , Zeller and Frey Colls. 

A hybrid " zoimgena " between the two forms has been bred in 
captivity. 

B. Female with the wings not aborted. 

a. Fore wing with the subterminal line angled inwards at 
vein 4. 
a^. Fore wing with a fascia in the submedian fold. 
a^. Fore wing with the submedian fascia extending to 
subterminal line. 
a^. Fore wing with costal fascia. 

a"*. Hind wing crimson or tinged with crimson ; 

abdomen not yellow at extremity maculosa. 

6*. Hind wing grey-brown ; abdomen yellow at 

extremity rupicola. 



PHEAGMATOBIA. 235 

b^. Fore wing without costal fascia. 

a^. Fore wing with autemtdial and postmedial 
lines. 
0^. Fore wing with a medial line from costa to 

subinedian fascia kindermanni, 

6\ Fore wing with medial patch in cell only. 
a^. Hind wing scarlet with subtermiwfl black 

spots ... glaphyra. 

¥. Hind wing orange with terminal black 

band interrupted at middle 'postflavida. 

6*. Fore wing without antemedial and postmedial 

lines.... trigona. 

}?. Fore wing with the submedian lascia not reaching 
subterminal line. 
a?. Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and subter- 
minal white marks on costa y-albula. 

b^. Fore wing with more or less developed ante- 

and postmedial lines fervida. 

b^. Fore wing without submedian fascia. 

(i^. Fore wing with the median nervure and vein 1 

streaked with ochreous cervina. 

b^. Foro wing with the median uervure and vein 1 
not streaked with ochreous. 
a^. Fore wing with medial mark from costa across 

cell brucei. 

b^. Fore wing without medial mark from costa. 

a'^. Fore wing without fascia in base of cell casta. 

b^. Fore wing with fascia in cell to antemedial line, flavia. 
b. Fore wing with the subterminal line not angled inwards 
at vein 4. 
«\ Hind wing bright crimson, with the base and inner 

area black pa.rvula. 

b^. Hind wing dull crimson, without black at base and 

on inner area beani. 

1657. Phragmatobia maculosa. 

Bomhyx maculosa, Gern. Frankf. Beytr. Wiss. ii. p. 862, jdI. ii. ff. 1-3 
(1780); Esp. Schmett. iii. p. 179, pi. 33. flf. 4, 5 ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. 
ii. ff. 144, 145 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 349, pi. 36. f. 3 ; Herr.-Schaff. 
Schmett. Eur. ii. p. 145, f. 119; Staud. Cat. p. 58 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 263. 

Chelonia mannerheimii, Dup. Lep. Fr. Suppl. iii. p. 49, pi. 4. f. 2 (1836). 

Chelonia sim'plonica, Boisd. Gen. et Ind. Meth. p. 64 (1840) ; Herr.-Schaff. 
Schmett. Eur. ii. p. 145, ff. 4-6 ; Dup. Lep. Fr. Suppl. iv. p. 9, pi. 51. f. 2. 

Bombyx simplonia, Freyer, Neue Beitr. v. p. 16, pi. 392. ff. 3-5 (1843). 

Chelonia dahurica, Boisd. Icones, Lep. ii. p. 126, pi. 60. f. 1 (1843) ; Herr.- 
Schaff. Schmett. Eur. ii. p. 145, f. 91. 

Eyprepia honesta, Freyer, Neue Beytr. iv. p. 96, pi. 344. f. 2 (1843) ; Herr.- 
Schaff. Schmett. Eur. ii. p. 145, ff. 1-3. 

Arctia maculosa, var. ccBcilia, Led. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, iii. p. 364 
(1853)., 

Arctia maculosa, var. reticulata, Christ, Stett. ent. Zeit. xlviii. p. 163 
(1887). 

Arctia maculosa, var. arayonensis, Staud. Deutsch. ent. Zeit., Lep. vii. 
p. 256 (1894). 

(^ . Head and thorax brown ; palpi, sides of frons, and stripes on 
tcgulae, patagia, and thorax black-brown ; pectus and legs black- 
brown ; abdomen blackish. Fore wing brown ; a subbasal black 
spot below costa; an antemedial spot above vein 1; an elongate 



236 ARCTIADJ3. 

medial spot in cell and another above vein 1 ; a spot in upper 
angle of cell and spots above bases of veins 2 and 5 ; a subapical spot 
and larger subterminal spots above veins 5 and 2 and on 1. Hind 
wing crimson, with oblique blackish band from middle of costa to 
near torn us ; a discoidal patch conjoined to the dark costal area ; 
a large subterminal spot from costa to vein 4 and others on veins 2 
and 1 ; cilia brown. 

2 . Hind wing deeper crimson. 

Ab. 1. simplonica. Antennae of male with the branches shorter ; 
colour dull grey-brown ; hind wing with the spots forming a more 
or less complete terminal band on inner area running up to near 
base ; abdomen with pale brownish subdorsal bands and ventral 
surface in male. — Alps. 

Ab. 2. mannerheimi. Paler brown ; abdomen with some crimson 
lateral marks ; hind wing with the black spots smaller. — Russia, 
Armenia, Hyrcania. 

Ab. 3. ccecilia. Smaller ; fore wing suffused with black and 
variegated with white. — Balajaria, Armenia, Altai. 

Ab. 4. reticulata. Hind wing with the crimson slight. — Nuchur, 
Issykul. 

Ab. 5. strigulosa (Stgr. ined.). Fore wing with the black spots 
larger, the veins more clearly streaked. 

Ab. 6. dahurica. Paler; antennae and markings of fore wing whitish 
flesh-colour ; hind wing suffused with pale crimson. — S. Russia. 

Ab. 7. aragonensis. A pale form with the spots somewhat re- 
duced. — Spain. 

Hah. Germany, Zeller Coll. ; Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; Hungary ; 
Spain ; Norway, Zeller Coll. ; S. Russia, 1 cJ , Frey Coll. ; Turkey ; 
Armenia ; Altai ; Issykul, 1 6 . Exjp. 34 millim. 

*1658. Phragmatobia rupicola. 

Arctia rupicola, Gr.-Grschm. Eom. Mem. iv. p. 535, pi. 19. f. 6 (1890) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 266. 

5 . Head, thorax, and abdomen brown, the last with the last three 
segments yellow above leaving a dorsal brown line. Fore wing brown ; 
the basal half grey-brown, with the dark brown markings reduced to 
short antemedial streaks in cell and on vein 1 and to medial streaks 
in and below cell and on vein 1 ; the postmedial line grey-brown, 
angled at lower angle of cell and connected with the subterminal line 
by streaks below costa, from lower angle of cell and above vein 1 , the 
subterminal line being angled inwards at vein 4; cilia pale. Hind 
wing grey-brown, with diffused fuscous streaks on base of median 
nervure and veinl; a large discoidal lunule; a semicircular apical 
patch and another on termen above tornus. 

Hah. C. Asia, Transalai. Exj). 30 millim. This species is un- 
known to me. 

1659. Phragmatobia kindermanni. 

Arctia kindermanni. Stand. Stett. ent. Zeit. xxviii. p. 102 (1867) ; Kirby, 
Oat. Het. p. 266 ; var. pomona, Stand. Iris, x. p. 326, pi. ix. f. 23 (1897). 



PHRAGMATOBIA. 237 

Ardia crschoffi, Alph. Hor. Soc. Ent. Eoss. xvii. p. 29, pi. i. f. 33 (1882) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 265. 
Arctia ersckoffi, \i\.v. jerghana, Staud. Stett. ent,. Zeit. xlviii. p. 82 (1887). 
Arctia ersckoffi, var. issi/ka, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. 1. p. 25 (1889). 
Arctia mongoUca, Alpli. Stett. ent. Zeit. xlix. p. 67 (1888); Rom. Mem. 
vi. p. 13, pi. i. f. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 265. 

S {ersckoffi). Head and thorax black mixed with grey and yel- 
lowish hair ; antenna), tibiae, and tarsi whitish ; abdomen with 
dorsal black band diminishing towards extremity and lateral and 
sublateral series of spots. Fore wing fuscous black ; white streaks 
from base on costa, below median nervure, and on inner margin to 
the antemedial band, which is angled in submedian fold, the streak 
below the cell being continued to termen ; a medial band from 
costa to submedian fascia excurved in cell; the postmedial band 
angled at vein 4, then oblique ; the subterminal band more or less 
angled inwards below costa, then outwards to near termen above 
vein 5, then inwards to the postmedial band at vein 4, outwards to 
termen at vein 2, and inwards to submedian fascia; cilia white. 
Hind wing scarlet; some blackish at base and more or less developed 
subterminal black spots from costa to vein 5 and on veins 2 and 1 ; 
cilia yellow. 

5 with the wings partly aborted. 

Ab. l.ferghana. Pore wing with the markings obsolete toward 
inner margin and the subterminal band not continued to submedian 
fascia. — Alai. 

Ab. 2. issyJca. Fore wing with the markings yellow ; hind wing 
with the subterminal spots sometimes large and conjoined. — Issykul. 

Ab. 3. mongolica. Tegulae pinkish in front ; abdomen crimson ; 
fore wing with yellowish antemedial spot on costa ; hind wing with 
some antemedial black points. — Mongolia, Oros. 

Ab. 4. kindermanni. Hind wing orange. — Urals, Mongolia. 

Hab. Urals ; Sibeeta, Altai, 2 (^ ; Mongolia, Tura, 1 cS , Tian- 
Shan, 3 d , 2 $ , Alai, Issykul. Ex2x 28 millim. 

1660. Phragmatobia glaphyra. 

Euprepia glaphyra, Ev. Bull. Hose. xvi. p. 544, pi. x. f. 4 (1843) ; Staud. 

Stett. ent. Zeit. xHi. p. 402; Herr.-SchafF. Schmett. Eur. vi. p. 52 f. 165- 

Staud. Cat. p. 58 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 265. 
Arctia glapyhra, Tar. manni, Alph. Hor. Soc. Ent. Eoss. xvii. p. 29, pi i. 

f. 32 (1882). 
Arctia gla,phyra, var. gratiosa, Gr. Grschm. Eom. Mem. iv. p. .533, pi. xix. 

f. 5 (18C)0J. 
Arctia glauca, Staud. Iris, iv. p. 251, pi. 3. f. 5 (1892) ; Kirby, Cat. Het 

p. 912. 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen black mixed with ochreous-white 
hair ; shaft of antennae whitish above; legs streaked with ochreous; 
abdomen banded with ochreous towards extremity. Pore wing 
black-brown ; the costa to middle and veins partially streaked with 
ochreous white ; a white fascia in submedian fold, expanding to cell 
at base ; traces of an antemedial line oblique from costa to sub- 
median fascia, where it is strongly angled ; a quadrate patch in end 



238 AECTIAB^. 

of ceil ; the postmedial line oblique to vein 4, where it is strongly 
ano-led and not reaching costa or inner margin; the subterminal 
line incurved below costa and connected with the postmedial line 
by a streak on vein 6, angled outwards to near termen above vein 
5, inwards to postmedial line at vein 4, outwards to near termen 
on vein 2, and inwards to submedian fascia. Hind wing orange- 
yellow tinged with scarlet; some black suffusion at base; a discoidal 
lunule ; a large subterminal spot from costa to vein 4 and others 
on veins 2 and 1 ; a terminal line from apex to vein 3. 

2 . Fore wing with the markings more ochreous and diffused, 
especially on terminal area. 

Ab. 1. manni. Hind wing scarlet. 

Ab. 2. gratiosa. Fore wing blacker; the antemedial line more 
complete ; the medial patch extending to costal fascia and post- 
medial line • hind wing without discoidal lunule ; the subterminal 
spots extending to nearer termen, a spot on termen at vein 5. 

Ab. 3. glauca. Fore wing with the ground-colour violaceous grey; 
hind wing pale brownish, the inner and terminal areas suffused with 
blackish. — Transalai. 

Hah. Siberia ; C. Asia, Alai, Transalai, Kuldja, Kuruk Tag, ] S , 
1 $ , Tura, 1 (S ; Tibet, Boro Chore, 1 6 . Exp. 34-38 millim. 

1661. Phragmatobiapostflavida. 

Ocnogyna fostflavida, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 18 (1894). 
S . Black-brown ; head with grey hair mixed ; antennae whitish 
above ; tegulse edged with grey ; legs whitish above ; abdomen with 
yellowish segmental bands, the ventral surface yellowish except at 

base. Fore wing with whitish 
streaks in submedian fold and on 
base of vein 1 ; an antemedial 
line oblique and sinuous to the sub- 
median streak, then erect to end of 
streak on vein 1 ; an oblique medial 
bar across the cell; a postmedial 
Fig. 132. line angled at vein 5, then oblique ; 

Phrogmatohiaposfflavida ^ h an irregular subterminal line den- 
(From Moths Ind. vol. 11.) i. - • j i. j.i . t i t 

^ ^ tate inwards to the postmedial line 

on veins 6 and 4, angled outwards on vein 5, and excurved to termen 
at vein 2. Hind wing orange-yellow irrorated with blackish ; 
a black discoidal spot ; the inner area and a broad terminal band 
black, the latter indented at vein 3 ; cilia orange-yellow. 

Hah. Kashmir, Skoro-la, 15,000 feet (Leech), 2 (^ type. £'.rp. 
28 millim. 

1662. PhragmatoMa trigona. (Plate XLIII. fig. 4.) 

Npctemera trigona, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1899, p. 170. 
Nyctemera trigona, var. nigra, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1899, p. 170, 

^ . Black, head, thorax, and legs with some orange hair ; 
abdomen with orange segmental bands. Fore wing with broad 
orange fasciae on median nervure and in submedian fold and a narrow 




PHRAGMATOBIA. 239 

fascia on inner margin ; an oblique band from end of median fascia 
to submedian fascia at termen ; a >-shaped mark with its lower arm 
conjoined to median fascia and extending to near termen. Hind 
wing orange-scarlet ; the base black, emitting streaks to just beyond 
cell on subcostal and median nervures and to terminal markings on 
vein 1 and inner margin ; large terminal spots at apex, vein 3, and 
near tornus, and a subterminal spot at vein 2. 

Ab. 1. nigra. Pore wing with the orange markings reduced, the 
fascia on inner margin absent ; hind wing wholly black. 

Hah. W. China, Ta-chien-lu, ^2 (S ^ type and type nigra. Exp. 
32 millim. 

1663. Phragmatobia y-albula. 

Arctia y-alhulum, Oberth. tt. Ent. xi. p.^30, pi. 5. f. 29 (1886). 

Arcfia y-alhulum, var. lugubris, Oberth. Et. Ent. xi. p. 31. 

Arctia y-alhulum, var. ruhida. Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1899, p. 161. 

<S . Black ; palpi and frons with some orange hair ; tegulae and 
patagia slightly edged with orange ; legs streaked with whitish, the 
femora crimson above ; abdomen with scarlet lateral stripes witli 
series of black spots on them, the ventral surface white with in- 
distinct series of black spots. Eore wing with slight white ante- 
medial spot on costa and larger medial spot ; a white stripe in 
submedian fold extending to middle ; a short oblique line from below 
costa before apex ; a -<-shaped white mark from lower angle of cell, 
its arms extending to near termen at veins 5 and 2. Hind wing 
orange, the basal area black with dentate outer edge, on vein 1 and 
inner margin extending to the broad terminal band, which is indented 
at vein 3 and in submedian fold ; a black discoidal spot ; cilia orange. 

Ab. 1. ruhida. The orange replaced by scarlet. 

Ab. 2. lugubris. Fore wing with the white markings reduced ; 
hind wing wholly black, except that the cilia are orange towards 
tornus. 

Hah. W. Chixa, Ta-chien-lu, 8 c^ , 1 $ type ruhida, Pu-tsu- 
fong, 1 2 J Moupin, 2 c5* , Wa-ssu-kou. ii'a7j?. 30 millim. 

1664. Phragmatobia fervida. 

Arctia fervida, Wlk. iii. 612 (1855); Druce, Biol, Centr.-Am., Hat. i. 

p. 118; Kirby, Cat Het. p. 239. 
Heraclea commixta, Butl. 111. Het. B. M. i. p. 54, pi. 19. f. 1 (1877). 
Arctia rodriguezi, Druce, f. Z. S. 1890, p. 498 ; id. Biol. Centr.-Am,, Het. 

ii. p. 392, pi. 77. f. 12 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 270. 

$ . Black ; abdomen with scarlet lateral bands. Fore wing with 
yellowish-white fascia in submedian fold from base to just beyond 
middle ; an oblique postmedial line from just below costa to vein 4 ; 
cilia whitish at tips. Hind wing scarlet, the costal area black ; a 
terminal black band, on inner area running up to near base ; a post- 
medial curved line from the costal fascia to the expansion of the 
terminal band at vein 2. 

S . Fore wing with antemedial band oblique from costa to sub- 
median fascia and ending on vein 1 ; the postmedial band angled 



240 AECTIADJ3. 

and emitting a short streak on outer aide at vein 4, and reaching 
the submedian fascia which nearly reaches termen ; hind wing with 
small postmedial spots below veins 2 and 1 and no snbterminal line. 
Hah. Guatemala (Salle), 1 2 ^^yp^; ^^^ type commixta, {Rodri- 
guez) 1 (5" type rodriguezi, Godman-Salvin Coll. JUxp. 38 millim. 

1665. Phragmatobia cervina. 

Nemeophila cervina. Fall. Ann. See. Ent. Fr. (4) iv. p, 23, pi. 1. f . 2 & 
pi. 10. AT. 1-3 (1864) ; Staud. Cat. p. 58; Kirby, Oat. Het.p. 271. 

Chelonia quenselii, yos.falloui, Jourh. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (4) vi. p. 127, pi. 2. 
f. 14 (1866). 

Arctia cervina, var. hnatecki, Frey, Lep. Schweiz. p. 85 (1880). 

S. Head, thorax, and abdomen black; palpi below, antennae 
above, and edges of tegulaB and patagia ochreous ; legs striped with 
ochreous; abdomen with orange-yellow bands, the anal tuft orange. 
Pore wing fuscous black ; the subcostal and median nervures and 
vein 1 streaked with yellow to beyond middle ; the antemedial line 
oblique from costa to median nervure and not reaching inner 
margin ; some medial marks on costa and median nervure ; the 
postmedial line oblique from costa to vein 4, where it is angled, then 
very oblique to inner margin ; the snbterminal line bent outwards 
at vein 6, then inwards to postmedial line at vein 4, then to termen 
at vein 2, and angled inwards again in submedian fold ; cilia yellow. 
Hind wing fuscous black with traces of a darker discoidal spot ; an 
indistinct yellowish postmedial line angled at vein 4 and not reaching 
inner margin ; the indistinct snbterminal line angled inwards at 
vein 4 to the postmedial line ; cilia yellow. 

$ . The yellow markings more developed. 

Ab. 1. hnatecki. The yellow markings considerably more developed 
in both sexes. 

Hab. Switzerland, High Alps, 4 c? , 5 $ , Prey Coll. Exp. 
38 millim. 

*1666. Phragmatobia brucei. 

Arctia brucei, H. Edw. Ent. Am. iii. p. 183 (1888); Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 270. 

(S . Head black-brown with some ochreous hair ; tegulae ochreous, 
tinged with crimson at base ; thorax black ; legs ochreous, fringed 
with crimson hair ; abdomen black-brown, with fulvous lateral tufts 

and ventral fascia. Fore 
wing ochreous tinged with 
crimson ; a subbasal black- 
brown spot below costa and 
two short streaks above • 
inner margin ; a broad Y- 
shaped medinl band forming 
a small fork towards costa ; 
Fig. ISS.— Phragmatobia brucei, (^ . \. the terminal area black- 

brown, leaving a line of the 
ground-colour defining the medial band and emitting an oblique 




rSRAGMATOBIA. 241 

streak to tcrmen at vein 2 and a short streak on vein 4 ; a sliglit 
oblique streak from costa before apex ; cilia pinkish. Hind wing 
crimson, with fuscous streak in cell ; a black discoidal lunule with 
one or two small spots below it ; a large terminal patch from apex 
to vein 3 and another from vein 3 to near tornus. 

Hub. LF.S.A., Colorado, in Coll. Schaus. Kvp. 38 millim. 

1667. Phragmatobia casta. 

. Bomhyx casta, Esp. Schmett iii. p. 177, pi. 33. f. 2 (1784); Hiibn. Ear. 
Schraett. ii. ff. 137, 219; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 316, pi. 32. ff. 3, 4; 
Staud. Oat. p. 58; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 264. 

S' . Head, thorax, and abdomen dark brown. Pore wing dark 
brown ; a slight pinkish-white mark at base of inner margin ; a 
broad antemedial band angled outwards in submedian fold, some- 
times reduced and interrupted ; a slightly curved postmedial band 
giving off a short fascia on outer side between veins 3, 4,. which some- 
times emits a spur to termea above tornus ; a slight mark from costa 
before apex. Hind wing white, more or less tinged with pink ; a 
medial fuscous spot on costa sometimes extending across the cell ; 
a broad terminal band interrupted or with spot on it between 
veins 3, 4. 

2 . Head and tegulae often white tinged with pink ; femora pink 
above; abdomen with subdorsal crimson bands on basal segments; fore 
wing with the markings often more developed, the mark from costa 
being bent outwards at vein 6, then inwards to the fascia from post- 
medial band ; hind wing crimson, usually with the terminal band 
reduced to two elongate spots. 

Hah. France ; Germany, Zeller Coll. ; Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; 
Hungary ; Russia. Exp. 34 millim. 

1668. Phragmatobia flavia. 

Bomhyx flavia,V\\Q&&\.. Mag. ii. (1) p. 70, pi. 1. f. 11 (1779) ; Esp. Schmett. 

iii. p. 390, pi. 78. f. 1 ; StoU, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 397, O ; Hiibn. Eur. 

Schmett. ii. ff. 315, 318; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 304, pi. 30. f. 4; Boisd. 

Icones Lep. ii. p. 130, pi. 59. £ 5 ; Staud. Cat. p. 57 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 259. 
Bomhyx virgo, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ii. f. 132 (1827). 
Arctia flavia, var, campestris, Graser, Berl. eut. Zeit. xxxvii. p. 212 (1892). 

Head and thorax black ; neck with crimson ring ; tegulae with 
yellowish band in front ; femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson 
with black dorsal stripe, terminal segment, and ventral bands on 
terminal segments. Fore wing black, with incurved whitish ante- 
medial line connected with base by fasciae in cell and on inner margin ; 
the medial part of costa white ; a postmedial band angled at vein 4, 
then slightly sinuous ; asubterminalliue angled outwards to termen 
above vein 5, then inwards to the postmedial band above vein 3, then 
outwards to tornus ; cilia white. Hind wing yellow ; a black discoidal 
lunule sometimes with a spot below it on vein 2 ; a subterminal spot on 
•vein 5 sometimes connected with costa and a band from vein 3 to 
near tornus. 

VOL. III. K 



242 AECTIADiE. . 

Ab. 1. cam'pesiris. Fore wing with the medial black patch 
extending to median nervure only ; the black on underside ex- 
tending to costa. 

Hal). EuEOPE, Alps, Zeller & Frey Colls., Urals ; Altai. Exp. 
70 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Eur. Eutt. & Moths, p. 103. 

Dark brown, with some greenish-yellow M'hite -tipped hairs. 
Food-plants, Cotoneaster vulgaris, etc. 



*1G69. Phragmatobia ? parvula. 

Arctia 'parvula, Feld. Eeis. Not. pi. 100. f. 24 (1874) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. 
ii. p. 17 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 277. 

S . Head crimson ; the antennae dark ; thorax and abdomen 
brown, the latter with pale segmental rings. Fore wing pale brown ; 
the costal area crimson to the postmedial line ; the base black, 
emitting a fascia on inner margin to middle ; a black discoidal 
spot ; a subterminal fuscous band angled outwards at vein 4, then 
incurved ; cilia crimson. Hind wing deep crimson ; the base and 
inner area black ; a black discoidal spot ; a subterminal waved 
black band. 

^a6. N.W. Himalayas (^S'^oZicr^rt). ^i*j9. 28 millim. This species 
is unknown to me, the type is lost. 

*1670. Phragmatobia beani. (Plate XLIIT. fig. 7.) 

Antarctia heanii, Neum. Can. Ent. xxiii. p. 123 (1891) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 908. 
Antarctia beaoiii, Yur.fuscosa, Neum. Can. Ent. xxiii. p. 124 (1891). 

$ . Bright red-brown ; head, tegulae, and legs tinged with 
crimson ; abdomen fulvous. Fore wing with broad Y-shaped fuscous 
medial band forming a large fork towards costa ; a curved sub- 
terminal band formed of conjoined spots. Hind wing dull crimson, 
with indistinct medial fuscous band angled at lower angle of cell ; 
an interrupted maculate subterminal band. 

Ab. l.fuscosa. Fore wing uniform fuscous brown without trace 
of the ground-colour. 

Hah. U.S.A., N. Eocky Mountains, Laggan, in Coll. Schaus. 
Exj). 38 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male bipectinate, with very short branches. 

*1671. Phragmatobia yarrowi. 

Arctia yarrowii, Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. i. p. 221, pi. 9. f. 7 (1874) • 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 257. 
Arctia remissa, H. Edw. Ent. Am. iii. p. 184 (1888) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 258. 

cJ . Head, thorax, and abdomen jet-black ; tegulae and a patch on 
patagia ochreous white; femora orange-red above ; tibiae at extremity 



PHRAGMATOBIA.. 243 

and tarsi banded with reddish ochreous ; abdomen with some lateral 
points and the extremity orange-red. Fore wing black ; large sub- 
basal ochreous-white patches on costal and inner areas ; an ante- 
medial band slightly constricted below costa and strongly below the 
cell; a medial irregular wedge-shaped patch from costa to median 
nervure and bar from submedian fold to above inner margin ; u 
postmedial band excurved beyond lower angle of cell, then narrow 




Fig. 134.— P^ 



and incurved ; a subterminal band bent outwards nearly to termen 
above vein 5, then incurved and conjoined to the postmedial band, 
angled inwards in submedian fold and ending at tornus ; cilia 
whitish. Hind wing orange-red ; the basal area black, its outer 
edge irregularly dentate, oblique and ending on termen above vein 
1 a ; a black discoidal lunule ; subterminal black spots on veins 5 
and 2, and terminal spots at middle and on vein 1 h. 

Hah. Canada, Rocky-Mountain region to Hudson's Bay ; Van- 
couver ; U.S.A., Wyoming, Arizona. Eoop. 46 millim. 

Larva. Black, the hair of posterior segments longer and tipped 
with white. 

Sect. III. {Phragmatohia). AntennjB of male ciliated, 

A. Fore wing thinly scaled, not irrorated with fuscous fuliginosa. 

B. Fore wing thickly scaled and thickly irrorated with 

fuscous assimilans. 

1672. Phragmatohia fuliginosa. 

Noctua fuliginosa, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 509 (1758) ; Esp. Schmett. ir. 

p. 56, pi. 8B. ff. 1-5 ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ii. f. 143 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iy. 

p. 351, pi. 36. f. 4 ; Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. 74 ; Scaud. Cat. 

p. 59 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 244. 
Arctia ruhricosa, Harr. Ins. Mass. p. 253 (1841) ; Xirby, Cat. Het. p. 2i5. 
Spilosoma fuliginosa, var. horealis, Staud. Cat. p. 59 (1871). 
Spilosoina fuliginosa, var. fervida, Staud. Cat. p. 59 (1871); Mill. Lepido- 

pterologie, vi. p. 4, pi. 8. f. 6. 
Spilosoma fuliginosa, var. subnigra. Mill. Lepidopterologie, vi. p. 4, pi. 8. 

f. 7 (1881) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 245. 

Head and thorax dark red-brown ; palpi crimson at base ; shaft of 
antennae whitish ; legs blackish, fringed with red-brown hair, the 
femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson above, with series cf short 
dorsal black bands and lateral series of spots, the ventral surface 



244 A-RCTIADM. 

brown. Fore wing bright red-brown ; thinly sealed ; two black 
discoidal points ; traces of a red streak below costa ; cilia redder. 
Hind wing thinly scaled, suffused with fuscous black, the veins, two 
points on discocellulars, and a diffused terminal band darker ; the 
inner area, costa except at apex, and cilia bright crimson. 




Fig. 135. — Phragmatohia fidiginosa, (^ . \. 

Ab. 1. horealis. Darker ; hind wing with traces of crimson on inner 
area only or with the cilia also crimson. — Lapland ; Scotland. 

Ab. 2. fervida. Paler ; hind wing crimson ; the terminal band 
sometimes reduced to four subterminal spots. — C. Europe ; Greece ; 
Malta ; Morocco. 

Hah. Throughout Europe, Germany, Zeller Coll., Switzerland, 
Frey Coll., Greece, Frey & Merlin Colls., Malta (J. J, Walker), 
Lapland (McLachlan) ; Morocco, Esniir (J: J. Walker) ; W. Asia ; 
Altai ; Amur ; Cakada, Hudson's Bay {Bamston), Eenfrew Co., 
Grote Coll. ; U.S.A., N. Atlantic States, N. York, Grote Coll. Exp. 
32-40 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 39 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. p. 275, pi. 75. f. 1. 

Dark grey or brown ; hairs brown, reddish or ochreous ; head 
black. Food-plants^ grasses, Rumex, Myosotis, etc. 8-4. 



1673. Phragmatohia assimilans. (Plate XLIII. fig. 22.) 

Phragmatohia assimilans, Wlk. iii. 630 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 245. 
Phraqmatobia assimilans, var. franconia, Slosson, Ent. News, vol. iv. p. 16 
(1893). 

c? . Head and thorax bright red-brown tinged with crimson ; 
antennae yellowish white; pectus and legs crimson and brown; abdo- 
men crimson above, with slight dorsal and lateral series of black 
spots, the ventral surface brown. Fore wing bright red-brown, 
thickly irrorated with fuscous ; two discoidal black points. Hind 
wing crimson, with two discoidal black points ; a subterminal spot 
on vein 2 and traces of others towards apex. 

Ab. 1. franconia. Rather darker ; fore wing with obscure fuscous 
antemedial line angled below cell, a postmedial line incurved below 
vein 3, and a sinuous subterminal line ; hind wing with subterminal 
blackish band. 

Hah. U.S.A., mountains of N. York and N. England (Douhleday)j 
2 d type, 2 d , Zeller Coll. Exp. 40-42 millim. 



ARDICE8. 245 

Genus ARDICES. 

Type. 

Ardices, Wlk. iii. 709 (1855) glatigni/i. 

Proboscis aborted; palpi porrect to just beyond frontal tuft and fringed 
below with long hair ; head, thorax, and abdomen clothed with long hair ; eyes 
sparsely clothed with long hair ; antennae bipectinate with the branches moderate. 
Fore wing with veins 3 and 5 from close to angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 
7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 1 1 free. Hind wing with veins 3 and 5 from close to angle 
of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle or shortly stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 

A. Hind wing with the ground-colour crimson curvata. 

B. Hind wing with the ground-colour white glatignyi. 

1674. Ardices curvata. 

Bomhyx curvata, Donov. Ins. N. Holland, pi. 34. f. 3 (1805) ; Kirhj, Cat. 

Het. p. 263. 
Chelonia fuscimda, Doubl. Eyre's Centr. Austr. i. p. 438, pi. 5. f. 4 (1845) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 263. 
Arciia vitiata, Moschl. Stett. ent. Zeit, xxxiii. p. 351 (1872) ; Kirby, Oat. 

Het. p. 263. 
Phaos vigens, Butl. P. Z. S. 1878, p. 383 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 262. 
Phaos nigriceps, Butl. P. Z. S. 1878, p. 383 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 262. 
Phaos notatum, Butl. P. Z. S. 1878, p. 383 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 263. 
Phaos nexum, Butl. P. Z. S. 1878, p. 384. 

Phaos lacteatum, Butl. P. Z. S. 1878, p. 384 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 263. 
Spilosoma hrisha,nensis, Lucas, P.Linn. Soe. N.S.W. (2) iv. p. 1084 (1890) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 263. 
Spilosoma quinquefascia, Lucas, P. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. (2) iv. p. 1085 (1890) ; 

Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 263. 




Fig. 136. — Ardices curvata, (j* . \. 

Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; palpi, sides of frons, 
antennae, and sometimes the vertex of head black; patagia and 
vertex of thorax with more or less developed black stripes ; pectus 
and legs ochreous and black, the femora crimson above ; abdomen 
crimson above, with dorsal series of short bands, the ventral surface 
ochreous, with sublateral series of black spots or with series of 
ventral bands. Fore wing ochreous, with black fascia on basal 
part of costa, a fascia above basal half of vein 1 ; streaks below 
middle and end of cell, spots between bases of veins 3 and 5 ; a 
discoidal spot and usually one in middle of cell, a more or less 
developed curved postmedial spot and a more or less developed 
subterminal series ; or the black markings largely developed and 
more or less confluent ; or the wing black, with ochreous streaks 



246 ARCTlADiE. 

in and below cell, a curved postmedial band, and some sub- 
terminal spots. Hind wing orange-yellow entirely suffused with 
crimson, or the inner area only suffused with crimson; a large 
black discoidal spot ; a subterminal series of spots varying in size, 
often conjoined, and with spots beyond them on apical half of termen, 
or with complete broad terminal band and black streak on inner 
area. 

Ab. 1. 2 ' Thorax with slight black streak on vertex and spot on 
patagia ; fore wing with all the markings almost obsolete, except the 
&treak on basal part of costa and discoidal spot. 

Hab. Queensland, Brisbane (Turner), 4 (S , 1 ^ , Moreton Bay 
(Darnel), 1 (S type lacteata ; N. S. Wales, Hunter E., 1 c? type 
fascinula, Sydney (Maihew, Raynor), 28 6 , ^ $ > type notata ; 
VicTOEiA (BaJcewell), 2 c? , types nexa and nigriceps ; Tasmania, 
•i (S , type vigens. Exp. 34-42 millim. 

1675. Ardices glatignyi. 

Cheloni(iglatignyi,'LQ Guill. Kev. Zool. 1841, p. 257; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 239. 
Chelunia 'pallida, Doubl. Eyre's Centr. Austr. i. p. 438, pi. 5. f. 3 (1845) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 240. 
Ardices fulvohirta, Wlk. iii. 710 (1855). 

Spilosoma suhocellatum, Wlk. vii. 1697 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 240. 
Spilosoma conferta, Wlk. xxxi. 295 (1864). 
Spilosoma queenslandi, Lucas, Pr. E. Soc. Queensl. xiii. p. 60 (1898). 

White ; palpi orange, black at tips ; lower part of frons and 
antennae black ; shoulders with black stripe with orange spot above 
it ; patagia and vertex of thorax with black stripes ; legs striped 
with black, fore coxae black edged with orange, femora orange above ; 
abdomen orange above, with dorsal series of short bands and lateral 
and sublateral series of spots, the anal tuft white at extremity. 
Pore wing with black fasciae at base on costa, in and below cell, and 
above inner margin, usually conjoined on median nervure to the 
antemedial band, which is acutely angled on median nervure, where 
it is conjoined to the discoidal spot and to the postmedial maculate 
band, which is excurved from below costa to vein 3, then oblique, 
this again is usually conjoined at middle to the curved subterminal 
maculate band, which is joined by an oblique maculate band from 
apex and usually conjoined to some subterminal spots between veins 
5 and 3 and to a series of spots on termen and cilia. Hind wing 
with discoidal spot ; some irregular marks often present beyond 
lower angle of cell ; two postmedial points below costa ; a more or 
less developed subterminal maculate band ; some spots on apical 
half of termen. 

Ab. 1. pallida. The orange replaced by scarlet. 

Hab. N. Hebrides (H.M.S. Dart), 1 c? , 1 $ ; S. Australia, 
Kangaroo I., type 2 pattida ; W. Australia (Du Boulay), 2 $ , 
type subocellatum, Albany (J. J. Walker), 1 S ', Tasmania, Hobart 
(J. J. Walker), 5 (5* , 8 $ , types fulvohirta and conferta. Exp., 
d 50, $ 58 millim. 



M^.vAs. 247 

Genus M^NAS. .„ 

Type. 

Mfsnas, Ilubu. Verz. p. 167 (1827) rocula. 

Lemj/ra, Wlk. vii. 1690 (1856) externa. 

Savara, Wlk. xxxi. 320(1864), nee Wlk. 1862 simplex. 

Jiorseha, Wlk. xxxi. 318 (1864) surgens. 

i?««C(ea, Wlk. XXXV. 1983 (1866) simplex. 

l^alastra, Bar, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (5) iii. p. 300 (1873) lahoulheni. 

C'arhisa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 41 (1879) venosa. 

JSatfenia, Wllg;r. (Efv. Svensk. Akad. Forh. xxxii. (1) p. 102 

(1876), nee Thorns. Col. 1857 ■ scapulosa. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, not reaching bej'-ond the frons ; 
head, thorax, and abdomen clothed with rough woolly hair ; antennse of male 
bipectinate with long branches, of" female with short branches ; tibiae clothed 
with rough hair, the spurs short, hind tibias with the medial spurs absent ; 
abdomen of female with thick floceulent anal tuft. Fore wing with vein 3 
from towards angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 
10 stalked ; 11 free. Hind wing with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from 
j ust above angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

Larvce of S. American species clothed with two fascicles of long hair on 
each somite, with dorsal brushes of shorter hair on somites 5-10 finely plumose 
and clear red, the rest of the hair black. They live in water on aquatic plants, 
breathing the air retained among the plumose hairs appearing as large bubbles ;. 
they leave the water to spin a cocoon. 

A. Fore wing with the ground-colour white. 

a. Fore wing with brown fasciae on median nervure and 

vein 1. 

a}. Fore wing with spots on basal half of costa vocida. 

b\ Fore wing without spots on basal half of costa arborifera., 

b. Fore wing without brown fasciae. 

a^. Fore wing with two postinedial maculate bands macuUfascla. 

b^. Fore wing with postmedial series of small spots. 

a-. Fore femora orange above malayensis. 

b^. Fore femora crimson above vestalis. 

c^. Fore wing without markings albescens. 

B. Fore wing with the ground-colour orange extensa. 

C. Fore wing pale brownish ochreous simplex. 

D. Fore wing brown or blackish. 

a. Fore wing without transverse lines or series of spots. 
a}. Fore wing fuscous. 

a?. Fore wing with the costal edge fulvous fivmipennis. 

W'. Fore wing with ochreous spots on costa beyond 

middle venosa. 

b\ Fore wing pale brown, with white streaks on the 

veins surgens. 

h. Fore wing with two obscure postmedial lines. 

a^. Fore wing pale rufous ; the anal tuft white laboulheni. 

b\ Fore wing dark rufous ; the anal tuft fulvous burmeisterl. 

c\ Fore wing black-brown ; the anal tuft black-brown . bilinea. 

c. Fore wing with obscure maculate subterminal line. 

a\ Fore wing with tbe disk whitish on underside ; hind 
wing with the inner area not clothed with orange 
hair juruana. 

b^. Fore wing with the disk brown on underside ; hind 

wing with the inner area clothed with orange hair . azoU<e. 

d. Fore wing red-brown with series of black spots brevetL 



248 AECTIADJF!.. 

1676. MsBnas vocula. 

Bomhyx vocnla, Stoll, Suppl. Cram. pi. 31. f. 5 (1790) ; Kirby, Cat. H«t. 
p. 910. 

(S . White ; palpi, sides of frons, and vertex of head brown ; 
antennae with the branches brown ; tegulse, patagia, and thorax 
with brown patches, the tegulse yellow below ; legs striped with 
brown ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal blackish line and sub- 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of points. Fore wing with five 




Fig. 137. — Manas vocula, (S - l- 

brown spots on costa ; a sinuous fascia on median nervure, emitting 
a streak to subcostal nervure conjoined to some of the costal spots, 
and giving off a branch on vein 2 not reaching termen, branches on 
veins 3 and 4 to termen, and an oblique maculate branch to apex; 
a sinuous fascia on vein 1, with an antemedial spot below it just 
above inner margin and conjoined to a postmedial spot. Hiod 
wing unmarked or with discoidal spot, subterminal spots on veins 
5 and 2, a spot at apex, and some smaller spots on middle of 
termen. 

Hah. C. Colony, Knysna (Trim^n), 4 J • ^E'-a^- 36-40 millim. 

1677. Msenas arborifera. 

Lacydes arborifera^ Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 26 (1875) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 910. 
Eutmnia scapulosa, Wllgrn. ffify. Svensk. Akad. Forh. xxxii. (1) p. i02 

(1876) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 910. 
Caligula wallevgreni, Auriv. QEfv. Svensk. Akad. Forh. xxxvi. (7) p. -56 

(1879) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 910. 
Lacydes gracilis, Butl. P. Z. S. 1898, p. 417, pi. 32. f. 4. 

White ; palpi, sides of frons, and a spot on vertex of head brown ; 
brown streaks on tegnlse, patagia, and thorax, the tegulae edged 
with yellow; legs streaked with brown ; abdomen orange above, 
with dorsal, subdorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black points. 
Fore wing with brown fascial on costa, emitting at middle of cell a 
fascia to costa which expands on costa and is often more or less 
forked on lower side, sometimes the costal part not conjoined to 
median fascia, the median fascia emitting branches on veins 2, 3, 4, 
and joined by an oblique band from apex, the branches on veins 2 
and 3 usually uniting before termen ; a fascia on vein 1 sometimes 
conjoined to an antemedial spot on inner margin and with a post- 
medial projection. Hind wing usually with discoidal point, sometimes 
with subterminal points on veins 5 and 2 or with terminal points 
on veins 7, 6, 4, 3. 



M^NAS. 249 

Tlah. Br. E. Africa, Samburu, Fundi (Betton), 1 cT , 1 5 type 
gracilis; A]<!Qola, Amhriz (Mrs. Monteiro), 1 (5* , 1 $ type; Ovami>o- 
LAND (Ericsson), 1 c? ; Transvaal, Potchefstrom (Alston), 1 c? ; 
Delagoa Bay, 1 $ . E.vp. 30-36 millim. 

1678. Maenas maculifascia. 

Spilosoma maculifascia, Wlk. iii. 670 (1855) ; Seinp. Schmetfc, Phil. ii. 
pi. Ivi. ff. 9, 10 ; Pag. Semon's Forscb. y.pl. xiii. f. 7 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 239. 
^ 8-pilosoma conspurcatum, Wlk. vii. 1698 (1856). 

parva, Wlk. xxxii. 368 (1865) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 479. 



(S . Yellowish white ; palpi, sides of frons, antennae, patches on 
shoulders, tegulse, and patagia, and stripes on legs dark brown ; the 
patagia and abdomen tinged with orange above, with slight dorsal 
and lateral series of black spots. Pore wing with point at base ; 
three obliquely placed elqngate dark brown spots from costa to 
below cell ; an antemedial series expanding into a triangular patch 
on costal area, often conjoined to the subbasal spots and conjoined 
to the medial band, which is oblique from costa to submedian fold, 
where it joins the postmedial band ; spots at angles of cell ; the 
maculate postmedial band angled at vein 5, where it becomes 
confluent with an oblique band from near apex and with short 
streaks beyond it on each side of veins 3, 4, 5 ; spots on termen 
and cilia above and below vein 5 and at tornus. Hind wing with 
discoidal spot ; postmedial spots above vein 5 and three or four 
towards inner margin ; points on termen above and below vein 5. 

2 . Fore wing with the bands and the spots forming them well 
separated. 

Ab. 1. Abdomen tinged with crimson. — Ternate. 

Hah. Philippines; Sumatra (H. 0. Forbes)^ 1 J ; Java (Horsjield), 
6 c? , 7 $ , type and type conspurcatum ; Teenate (J. J. Walker), 
1 cT . Exp., c? 30, $ 46 millim. 

Larva. Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 355, pi. 16. ff. 9, 9 a. 

Violaceous grey with dark striae ; head red-brown ; hairs long, 
sparse, black ; dorsal warts dark, with small subdorsal white spots ; 
spiracles and subspiracular warts red ; supra- and subspiracular 
pale stripes ; legs and prolegs yellow. Food-plants, Ccnvoluulus, 
Dioscorea oppositifolia, and Erythrina. Dec-Jan. 

1679. Msenas malayensis, n. sp. (Plate XLIII. fig. 2.)' 

$ . White, very slightly tinged with ochreous ; palpi at tips and 
antennae blackish ; legs tinged with blackish, the fore femora with 
some orange above. Fore wing with subbasal and antemedial 
blackish spots on costa : a short streak in cell above base of vein 2 ; 
spots in angles of cell ; an oblique postmedial series of points 
slightly incurved below vein 3 ; an oblique series of strigae from 
close to apex to vein 6 ; some subterminal points between veins 5 
and 3. 

Hah. Bali, 2500 ft. (Boherty), 1 $ type. Exp. 46 millim. 



250 ARCTIADJ.. 

1680. Maenas vestalis. 

Spllosoma vestalis, Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil, iii, p. 125 (1864) ; Stretch, 

Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 133, pi. 6. ff. 7, 8 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 229. 
Spilosoma vestalis, ab. amelaina, Dyar, Psyche, vi. p. 511 (1893). 

Pure white ; palpi, branches of antennae, and streaks on legs 
black, fore femora crimson above ; abdomen with dorsal series 
of short black bands or spots, a lateral series of spots, and 
sometimes some sublateral spots, sometimes the sides with some 
yellow. Fore wing with antemedial and medial series of black 
points angled on median nervure ; points at the angles of cell; 
a postmedial series of points on each side of the veins excurved 
from below costa to vein 3 and a subterminal series of points on 
each side of the veins, almost all these points being sometimes 
absent. Hind wing with discoidal spot ; a subterminal spot below 
vein 2 and sometimes one above vein 5. 

Ab. amelaina. Abdomen with the spots partially or entirely 
absent. 

Hah. Brit. Columbia ; U.S.A., California (Stretch), 8 c? , 1 $ , 
{Walsingliam) 1 $. Eoc^p.^ S 54, $ 60 millim. 

1681. Maenas albescens, n. sp. (Plate XLIII. fig. 20.) 

(5 . White ; palpi and sides of frons black ; antennae rufous : fore 
legs streaked with black, the femora orange above ; abdomen with 
the dorsal surface orange, clothed with white hair. 

5 . Antennae with the branches black ; abdomen with the two 
terminal segments white. 

llah. Venezuela, Valencia ; Peru (Simons), 1 $ . E.vp. 34 
millim. 

1682. Maenas extensa. (Plate XLIII. fig. 6.) 

Lemi/ra extensa, Wlk. vii. 1690 (1856) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 299. 

2 . Pulvous orange ; palpi black at base and extremity; antennae 
black ; vertex of head, tegulae, and patagia with black spots ; legs 
orange and black ; abdomen with dorsal series of black spots, 
becoming bands towards extremity. Fore wing with the costa 
black ; black streaks on subcostal nervure, in submedian fold, and 
on inner margin to the curved antemedial line ; an oblique mark 
from middle of costa ; a large discoidal spot with incurved band 
from it to inner margin ; the veins of terminal area streaked with 
black, stronger on veins 3 and 4 ; a terminal black band, wide at 
apex, narrowing to tornus. Hind wing with small discoidal spot ; 
a terminal black band with waved inner edge. 

ITab. Celebes (Pfeiffer), 1 $ type. Exj), 42 millim. 



1683. Maenas simplex. (Plate XLIII. fig. 5.) 

Savara simplex, Wlk. xxxi. 320 (1864) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 29 ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 234. 

Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; branches of antennae black; 



MiENAS. 251 

palpi and legs tinged with fuscous brown ; abdomen orange above, 
with dorsal series of black points, the ventral surface brown. Fore 
wing ochreous. Hind wing yellowish white. 

Hah. Bombay, Khandalla ; N. Canara, 5 d" , 1 ? type. Ex^.y 
J 30, $ 34 millim. 

1684. Maenas fnmipennis. 

Fhraqmatobia fumipennis, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 54, pi. 140. f. 24 
(1891) ; id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 29 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 246. 

J . Head and thorax orange-fulvous ; palpi, lower part of frons, 
pectus, and legs fuscous; abdomen fuscous, with dorsal fulvous 
bands, especially on terminal segments. Fore wdng fuscous brown, 
the costa fulvous. Hind wing fuscous brown, thinly scaled. 

Hah. NiLGiRis, W. slopes {Hampson), 1 cT type. Exp. 32 
millim. 

1685. Maenas venosa. 

Carbisa venosa, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 41, pi. 2. f. 10 (1879) ; Hmpsn, Moths 
Ind. ii. p. 13 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 238. 

c? . Head and thorax ochreous or whitish, the latter sometimes 
suffused with black ; palpi and antennae blackish ; tegulae edged 
with pale orange ; legs whitish, striped with brown, the fore coxae 
orange ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of black points ; wings fuscous brown to nearly black. Pore 
wing with the veins ochreous or whitish ; a spot at base, an elon- 
gate mark on costa above end of cell, and postmedial spot ; the pale 
veins sometimes expanding into spots on termen. Hind wing with 
ochreous or whitish marks at base, on middle of costa, and at 
tornus. 

Hah. SiKHiM ; Bhutan {Dudgeon)^ 2 (5 . Exp. 36 millim. 

1686. Maenas snrgens. (Plate XLIII. fig. 17.) 

Borseha surgens, Wlk. xxxi. 318 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 440. 

2 . Head and thorax pale brown ; palpi and antennae blackish, 
the latter with the shaft white above ; pectus white ; legs tinged with 
brown, the femora orange above ; abdomen orange above, clothed 
with white hair, especially towards base, the ventral surface white, 
brown towards extremity. Fore wing pale brown ; the veins, a 
streak in submedian fold, the inner margin, and cilia white. Hind 
wing white, the costal area slightly tinged with brown. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota (Stevens), 1 2 type. Exp. 54 millim. 

1687. Maenas laboulbeni. 

Palusira laboulbeni. Bar, Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (5) iii. p. 301, pi. 8(2). ff. 1-8 
(1873) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 224. 

Pale fulvous brown ; femora above and abdomen tinged with 
orange, the two terminal segments whitish in female. Fore wing 



252 AECTIAD^. 

with obscure diffused fuscous antemedial line angled below the cell; 
traces of a discoidal lunule ; obscure diffused obliquely curved post- 
medial and subterminal lines. Hind wing paler and yellower. 

Hah. Cayenne ; Amazons, Gurapa {Austen), Kvp., (S 34, $ 48- 
54 millim. 

Larva. Black ; the tufts of hair rather short, the dorsal tufts red- 
dish or bright rufous ; the hair mixed with grey on subdorsal area 
and with some barbed hair meeting over the back and directed 
backwards ; the sides with tufts of long silky hair. Food-plant, 
Mayacajluviatilis, on which it feeds below the surface of the water. 

1688. Maenas burmeisteri. 

Fahistra burmeisteri, Berg, An. Soc. Arg. iii. p. 228 (1877) ; id. Stett. ent. 
Zeit. xxxix.,p. 224, pi. i. f. 1 (1878) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 224. 

Dull brown ; antennae black ; legs tinged with black ; abdomen 
obscurely banded with black, the extremity pale. Pore wing with 
obscure black discoidal lunule ; two ill-defined postmedial lines ex- 
curved from costa to vein 2, the inner then incurved, the outer with 
a spot below it on inner margin ; faint traces of subterminal darker 
patches. Hind wing rather paler, yellowish towards inner margin ; 
an obscure curved black subterminal line. 

Hah. Argentina, Buenos Ayres {Berg), 2 c5' • Exp., S 64, $ 86 
millim. 

Larva on Potamogeton and other aquatic plants. 

1689. Maenas bilinea. (Plate XLIII. fig. 21.) 
McBuas hilmea, Schaus, A. M. N.H. (7) vii. p. 269 (1901). 

(S . Greyish fuscous-brown ; antennae with the basal joint orange 
at sides ; femora orange abave ; abdomen with lateral orange stripes. 
Tore wing with indistinct curved dark antemedial line ; a discoidal 
lunule ; two postmedial lines, excurved from costa to vein 3, then 
incurved ; cilia with pale points at the veins. Hind wing with the 
disk rather thinly scaled ; an obscure discoidal lunule ; a more or 
less distinct curved maculate subterminal line. 

5 . Paler, dull reddish brown ; wings with the markings less 
distinct. 

Hah. Brazil, Petropolis, typef $ in Coll. Schaus, Castro Parana, 
1 (S . Exp., 6 44, $ 50 millim. 

1690. Maenas juruana. (Plate XLIII. fig. 3.) 

Motada juruana, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1878, p. 53 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 225 

(S . Head and thorax fuscous-brown ; antennae with the shaft 
greyish ; femora above and abdomen dorsally yellow. Pore wing 
fuscous-brown; traces of a difi'used dark antemedial line angled below 
the cell ; a dark point in middle of cell and discoidal lunule ; an 



M^NAS. — PSEUDALUS. 253 

obscure maculate postmedial line incurved below vein 3. Hind 
wing whitish ; the veins, costal and terminal areas suffused with 
brown, the last broadly suffused at apex, narrowly towards tornus. 
Underside of fore wing with the diseal area whitish. 

Jlah. Amazons, R. Jurua {Trail), 1 6 type. Exp. 30 millim. 

1691. Maenas azollaB. (Plate XLIII. fig. 18.) 

Palustra azollcs, Berg, Stett. ent. Zeit. xxxviii. p. 258 (1877) ; id. Ann, Soc. 
Ent. Fr. (5) vii. p. 191 ; Burm. Desc. E-ep. Arg. y. p. 454 ; Kirbj, Cat. 
llet. p. 224. 

(^ . Black-brown ; abdomen dorsally fulvous-yellow except at base. 
Fore wing with discoidal spot and traces of a curved subterminal 
line. Hind wing ochreous whitish, the inner area tinged with 
fulvous-yellow ; the veins darker ; a discoidal lunule; the costal and 
terminal areas black-brown, with subterminal black spots on veins 
5 and 2. 

2 . Hind wing black-brown, with some fulvous-yell bw at base of 
inner area. 

Ilab. Argentina, Buenos Ayres (Leech), 1 d , 4 $ . Exp.^ J 34, 
$ 46 millim. 

*1692. Maenas breveti. 

Trichosoma breveti,. Oberth. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) ii. p. clxxiv (1882); 
id. Et. Ent. ix. p. 36, pi. 3. f. 14; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 246. 

S . Pale red-brown ; palpi and frons blackish, the former pale at 
tips ; antennae black, the shaft crimson above ; femora crimson 
above ; abdomen ochreous, tinged with crimson at sides, a dorsal 
fascia of diffused blackish hair and a lateral series of spots. Fore 
wing rather deeper red-brown, with series of pale-edged black spots; 
subbasal spots on costa and below cell ; antemedial conjoined spots 
from costa to submedian fold and above and below vein 1 ; medial 
spots on costa, median nervure, and inner area ; a discoidal bar ; 
postmedial spots on costa, beyond lower angle of cell, on vein 2 and 
inner margin ; a subterminal series of pairs of spots below costa and 
on veins 5 and 2. Hind wing crimson, the costa ochreous ; an ante- 
medial black spot on costa and a discoidal spot with another above 
it on costa ; a broad terminal band narrowing somewhat to tornus ; 
the inner area slightly streaked with black. 

Hab. Algeria, Oran, type f cj' in Coll. Oberthur. Exp. 34 millim. 



Genus PSEUDALUS. 

Type. 
Tseudalus, Schaiis, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 135 (1896) limonia. 

Proboscis slight ; palpi porrect, not reaching beyond frons ; antennae of male 
bipectinate to apex with short branches, of female serrate ; tibiiB with the spurs 
short ; abdomen of female with large woolly anal tuft. Fore wing with veins 
/3,4 from angle of cell; 5 from just above angle ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 
10, 11 stalked. Hind wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell; 4 absent; 
8 stalked with 6, 7, which are coincident. 



254 ARCTIADJi;. 

A. Fore wing with oblique rufous postmedial line leos. 

JB. Fore wing without oblique postmedial line Ivnonia. 

*1693. Pseudalus leos. (Plate XLIII. fig. 19.) 

Idalus leos, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) i. p. 212 (1898). 

S . Bright sulphur-yellow ; palpi, antennae, pectus, legs, and 
abdomen orange-yellow. Fore wing with the costal edge brown ; 
an oblique antemedial series of obscure brown spots, the spot on 
costa most prominent ; a prominent round discocellular spot ; an 
oblique minutely waved line from costa just before apex to middle 
of inner margin. Hind wing yellow with a pinkish tinge. 

Hah. EcuADOE, Sarayacu {Buckley)^ 1 $ type f in Coll. Druce. 
Exp. 34 millim. 

1694. Pseudalus limonia. 

Pseudalus limonia, Schaus, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iv. p. 135 (1896). 

S . Head and thorax bright chrome-yellow ; palpi, frons, basal 

joint of antennae, and 
legs bright orange ; black 
points on Ist and 3rd joints 
of palpi, on extremity of 
femora and tarsal joints ; 
abdomen white, with lateral 
series of black points. 
Fore wing bright chrome- 
Fig. 138.-Psgi^^a/«Wmoma, c?. 1. yellow, with three ante- 
medial black points, two on discocellulars, and an obliquely curved 
postmedial series, all of which may be almost obsolete. Hind wing 
pure white. 

2 . Abdomen and hind wing orange, the former with dorsal 
black points. 

Hah. Brazil, Lake Iguarassu, 1 $ {H. N. Ridley)^ Sao Paulo 
{D.Jones), 4: S- Exp., S 36, $ 42 millim. Type t in Coll. Schaus. 



Genus EUERYTHRA. 

Type. 
Euerythra, Harv. Can. Ent. viii. p. 5 (1876) phasma. 

Proboscis aborted, minute; palpi porreet, reaching just beyond the frons; 
antennae of male bipectinate, with moderate branches ; head and thorax clothed 
■with rough hair ; femora and tibiae clothed with long hair, the spurs moderate. 
Fore wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 
stalked ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from 
well above angle ; 6, 7 coincident, and 8 shortly stalked with them. 

A. Fore wing with blackish fascia on median nervure phasma. 

B. Fore wing without blackish fascia on median nervure trimaculata. 




EUERYTHRA. 



lioo 



1695. Euerythra phasma. 

Euerpthra phasma, Harv. Can. Ent. viii. p. 5 (1876) ; Smith, Pr. U.S. Nat. 
Mu3. X. p. 336, pi. 13. ff. 2, 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 235. 

J . White ; palpi brown, crimson above, and with crimson band 
at extremity of 1st joint; frons crimson at sides ; antennae brown ; 
shoulders with brown stripes, sides of neck crimson ; fore legs brown 
above, the coxae crimson at sides ; mid and hind tibiae brown at base 
and extremity ; abdomen crimson above except at base and extremity 
and with two lateral series of black points. Fore wing with irre- 
gular black and grey fascia from base of costa along median nervure 
to end of cell, emitting two antemedial spots on inner area and a 




Fig. 139. — Euerythra fhasma, (^ . \. 

discoidal spot, at end of cell traversing an oblique postmedial band 
of conjoined quadrate patches, then continued to termen between 
veins 3 and 4, all the veins on these dark markings bright orange ; 
a terminal series of black points, obsolete towards apex. 

Hah. U.S.A., Texas (Belfrage), 1 d , Grote Coll. 1 c^ type. Exi^, 
36 millim. 



1696. Euerythra trimaculata. 

Euerythra trimaculata, Smith, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. x. p. 336, pi. 13. ff. 3, 5 
(1887) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 235. 

c? . White ; palpi crimson, with slight brown spots ; sides of frons 
and neck, fore coxae, and lines at end of femora crimson ; branches 
of antennae pale brown ; fore femora and tibiae brown above, mid 
and hind tibiae brown at base and extremity ; abdomen with crimson 
bands above. Fore wing with oblique antemedial olive-brown band 
from costa to below cell, the veins crossing it orange, and a point 
above vein 1 ; two discoidal points ; an oblique series of three con- 
joined spots from costa before apex and three similar postmedial 
spots from vein 2 to inner margin, the veins between them orange, 

Hab. U.S.A., Texas {Belfrage\ 1 S . Exp. 30 millim. 



256 ARCTIADJS. 

Genus DIACRISIA. 

Type. 

Diacrlsia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 169 (1827) sannio. 

Cycnia, Hiibn. Zutr. i. p. 7 (1827), non descr tenera: 

Cf/cnia, Hubn. Verz. p. 184(1827) sordida. 

Bhyparia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 183 (1827) purpurea. 

Euthemonia, Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. G8 (1828) ... sannio. 

Spilosoma, Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. 74 (1828) lubricipeda/. 

Diaphora, Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. 77(1828) mendica. 

Arctinia, Eichw. Zool. Spec. ii. p. 195 (1831) casarea. 

AlphcBa, Wlk. iii. 683(1855) fiilvohirta.. 

Lacydes, Wlk. iii. 685 (1855) spectabilis. 

Alpenus, Wlk. iii. 686 (1855) onaculosa. 

^^a, Wlk. iii. 699 (1855) lineata. 

Andala, Wlk. iii. 774 (1855) unifascia. 

/sza, Wlk. vii. 1698 (1856) intricata. 

Smiura, WUgrn. (Efv. K. Akad. Forh. xv. p. 214 (1858) ... lineata. 

Thyrgorina, Wlk. xxxi. 317 (1867) indica. 

Binna, Wlk. xxxi. 319 (1864) lutescens. 

Pyrrharctia, Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. iii. p. 120 (1864)... isahella. 

Echlida, Wlk. xxxii. 386 (1865) indica. 

Icambosida, Wlk. xxxii. 4(K) (1865) nigrifrons. 

Acymba, Ramb. Cat. Lep. And. ii. p. 235 (1869) spectabilis. 

Eyralpemis, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 35 (1875) testacea. 

Spilarctia, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 39 (1875) lutea. 

Leucaloa, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 44 (1875) eugraphica, 

Epitolmis, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1877, p. 348 cmiarea. 

Ehijparioides, Bu'^^1. A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 395 (1877) nebulosa. 

Thanatarctia, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 395 (1877) infernalis. 

Ckalla, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 398 bimaculata. 

Gonerda, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 395 perornata. 

Hyarias, Swinh. Cat. Het. Mus. Oxon. p; 184 (1892) metarhoda. 

Etpis, Dyar, Ent. News, iv. p. 36 rubra. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect, hardly or just reaching beyond the 
frons ; head and thorax clothed with rough hair ; tibiae fringed with hair. 
Fore wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from or from above angle ; 
6 from or from below upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 1 1 from cell. Hind 
wing with vein 3 from near angle of cell ; 5 from or from above angle ; 6, 7 
from upper angle or shortly stalked ; 8 from near middle of cell. 

Sect. I. {Diacrlsia). Antennae of male bipectinate. 

A. Fore wing with the ground-colour green. 

a. Abdomen green cBruginosa. 

b. Abdomen pink, with black dorsal bands lymphasea. 

B. Fore wing with the ground-colour pure white. 
a. Hind wing white. 

a^. Wings sparsely clothed with hairy scales. 

a^. TegulaB wholly orange nigrifrons. 

b'^. Tegulse edged with orange phasma. 

c'^. Tegulge without orange. 

a^. Abdomen crimson or tinged with crim- 
son above. 
a*. Fore wing without spots on costa. 
a^. Fore wing without oblique post- 
medial line from vein 5 towards 

inner magin in<squa'is{2)' 

b^. Fore wing with oblique postmedial 
line from vein 5 towards inner 
margin rhodophila. 



DIACRISIA. 



25T 



VOL 



bK Fore wing with antemedial, medial, 

and postinedial spots on costa cosfimacula. 

b^. Abdomen not tinged with crimson above. 

a*. Abdomen with dorsal and lateral series 

of black spots. 

a^. Fore wing with black point in upper 

angle of cell. 

a". Fore wing with antemedial series 

of spots angled on median ner- 

vure and oblique series from 

apex rmiltivittata. 

6*\ Fore wing with curved antemedial 

and subterminal series of spots. . . indica. 
b^. Fore wing witliout black point in 

upper angle of cell melatiosoma, 

c'\ Fore wing with antemedial spot on 
median nervure and subterminal 

spot above vein 5 mendica^. 

b^. Abdomen without dorsal and lateral 

series of black spots lati'peyinis, 

6'. Wings thickly and smoothly scaled. 

a?. Abdomen with the dorsal surface white. 

a?. Abdomen with pink subdorsal patches... nivea. 
b^. Abdomen with jellow subdorsal patches, 
a*. Fore wing without black point at lower 

angle of cell 'pura. 

b^. Fore wing with black point at lower 
angle of cell, 
a'. Abdomen of male with the lateral 
black spots almost obsolete ; hind 

wing without black points JussieucB. 

¥. Abdomen of male with the lateral 
black spots well developed ; hind 
wing with discoidal and subtermi- 
nal points almost always developed, virginica, 
b^. Abdomen dorsally crimson or orange. 
a^. Fore wing with the markings consisting 
of more or less developed black points. 
«*. Abdomen crimson above. 

a^. Shoulders with crimson stripes alba. 

b^. Shoulders without crimson stripes. 
a^. Abdomen with dorsal black spots. 
a"^. Fore wing with series of black 

points punctaria. 

b'^. Fore wing with black spot in 
upper angle of cell and two 

medial spots on inner area robusta. 

b^. Abdomen with dorsal black bands. 
a'' . Abdomen with the base and ex- 
tremity white erythrozona^ 

}p . Abdomen with the base and ex- 
tremity crimson erytlirastis. 

b^. Abdomen orange above. 
a^. Tegulffi edged with orange. 

a^. Tegulse and patagia with black 

points punctulaia. 

b^. Tegulse and patagia without black 

points euproctina. 

¥. Tegulse not edged with orange. 
a^. Hind wing without discoidal black 

point urticcB. 

. III. s 



258 



ARCTIAD^. 



¥. Hind wing with discoidal black 
point. 
a^. Hind wing with at most three 

subterminal black points /uhricipeda. 

IP . Hind wing with the terminal 
area more or less strongly irro- 

rated with fuscous spots aspersa. 

b^. Fore wing with maculate bands. 

a^. Patagia with brown patches qoectahilis. 

b*. Patagia with black points unifascia. 

c^. Fore wing with black stripes Icwisi. 

h. Hind wing orange chionea. 

C. Fore wing yellowish white, buflF, yellow, or orange 
sometimes tinged with crimson. 
a. Hind wing with the ground-colour whitish or buff. 
a^. Fore wing with dark brown fascia on costal 

area towards apex scortilla. 

b^. Fore wing without brown fascia on costa 
towards apex. 
a?. Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and 
postmedial lines. 
a^. Fore wing not irrorated with brown ... curmlinea. 

6^. Fore wing irrorated with brown aurantiaca (^ . 

h^. Fore wing with series of spots or maculate 
bands. 
c^. Abdomen orange above. 
a^. Fore wing whitish to buff. 
0*. TeguliB edged with yellow. 

a^. Fore wing yellowish white hnparilis 5- 

¥. Fore wing buff". 

a'. Fore wmg with more or less 
complete angled dark bands on 

upperside bifurca. 

b''. Fore wing without bands on 

upperside rava. 

b^. Tegulai not edged with yellow. 

a^. Tegulffi with black points maculosa. 

b^. Tegulge without black points, 
a'. Fore wing with black fascia on 

basal part of costa 

b'' . Fore wing with antemedial black 
or fuscous spot or point on costa. 
a^. Fore wing without short subter- 
minal streaks on each side of 
median nervules. 
a^. Patagia with black points. 
a^^. Fore wing with the mark- 
ings black subfascia. 

a^°. Fore wing with the mark- 
ings fuscous guttata. 

b^. Patagia without black points. 

a^^. Femora crimson above obliqua ab. todara ^, 

b^^. Femora orange above. 
a^\ Fore wing without black 

point at base /u/ea. 

b^^. Fore wing with black point 
at base. 
a^'^. Fore wing with the disk 

notsuffused with brown, ^punctata (^ . 
h^"^. Fore wing with the disk 

suffused with brown ... fnscitincta ^ . 



DIACKI8IA. 



259 



b^. Fore wing with short Bubter- 
minal streaks on each side of 

median nervules mona. 

c'. Fore wing without antemedial 
black spot or point on costa. 
a^. Fore wing with incomplete 
series of points from apex, 

a^. Palpi crimson at base ohliqua ab. dalhergicB. 

b^. Palpi yellow at base punctata $. 

c". Palpi dark at base, 
a^°. Abdomen with dorsal series 

of black spots casigneta ab. 

b^^. Abdomen with dorsal black 
bands. 
a^ ^ . Anten nre wi th the branches 

short and black testacea. 

b^^. Antennaj with the branches 

long and brown scioana. 

b^. Fore wing with oblique macu- 
late band from apex to middle 

of inner marg in obliquivitta. 

c^. Fore wing with curved subter- 

minal series of spots from 

costa before apex. 

a^. Fore wing without medial and 

angled postmedial series of 

spots tiparsipuncta. 

b^. Fore wing with medial and 
angled postmedial series of 

spots jiavens. 

6*, Fore wing orange flavalis. 

b^. Abdomen crimson above, 

«*. Fore wing bright yellow janJcowski. 

6*. Fore wing orange tinged with crimson. 

a^. Fore wing with the veins not scarlet, rubitincta. 

¥. Fore wing with the veins scarlet erythrophleps. 

c*. Fore wing buflF or yellowish white, 
a'. Fore wing with black fascia on base 
of costa. 
a^. Fore wing with black fascia on 
middle of inner margin, 
cC. Fore wing with the postmedial 

maculate band complete bifaseiata. 

b''. Fore wing with the postmedial 
maculate band more or less 

obsolete comma. 

b^. Fore wing without black fascia 

on middle of inner margin seriatopunctata. 

¥. Fore wing without black fascia on 
base of costa. 
a*^. Fore wing yellowish white. 
a'^. Patagia without black stripes. 
a^. Fore wing with oblique ante- 
medial line from costa caneseens. 

b^. Fore wing without bblique ante- 
medial line from costa digmata. 

W. Patagia with black stripes leopardina. 

b^. Fore wmg buff. 
a? . Fore wing with series of points. 
a^. Palpi crimson at base. 

s2 



260 



AECTIAD^. 



o^. Fore wing with complete series 
of points from apex to inner 

margin incBqualis ^. 

If. Fore wing with incomplete 

series of points from apex . . . ohliqua. 

6^. Palpi dark at base casigneta. 

c^. Palpi pale at base ; fore wing 
with postmedial points from 
vein 5 to inner margin only ... mfernalis 5 ab. 
h"^. Fore wing with diffused fuscous 

postmedial band inf emails 5 • 

c^. Abdomen brownish with black bands... ornata <$ . 
c*. Fore wing with crimson and fuscous dis- 
coidal patch and crimson fascia on inner 

margin sannio c?. 

h. Hind wing orange or yellow. 

a}. Abdomen crimson above jlaveola. 

¥. Abdomen orange above. 

a^. Fore wing with antemedial, medial, and 

postmedial lines aurantiaca $. 

h"^. Fore wing with series of black spots. 

a^. Fore wing yellowish white multiguttata. 

h^. Fore wing buflf. 

a*. Fore wing with antemedial black spot 
on costa. 
a^. Fore wing not suflPused with brown. 
a^. Hind wing without black suf- 
fusion in and below cell. 
a' . Fore wing without medial series 

of points lufeadth. 

If. Fore wing with angled medial 

series of points diplosticta. 

h^. Hind wing with black suffusion in 

and below cell goi^ra. 

If. Fore wing suffused in part with 

brown fuscitincta $. 

6^. Fore wing without antemedial black 

spot on costa punctata ah. ummera. 

c^. Fore wing with black discoidal lunule quadrilunata. 

d?. Fore wing with black point in upper angle 
of cell. 
d^. Fore wing with some postmedial points, metaxantha. 
P. Fore wing without postmedial points . , , bimaculata. 
e^. Fore wing with black point at lower angle 

of cell ...c lucida, 

f^. Fore wing without markings. 

a^. Fore wing bright yellow flava. 

b^. Fore wing orange-yellow madagascariensis. 

g^. Fore wing with the veins streaked with 
black. 

a^. Fore wing orange-yellow , costata. 

ft^. Fore wing pale yellow pelopea. 

h'^. Fore wing with the interspaces streaked 
with fuscous, 
o/'. Hind wing with the interspaces not 
streaked with fuscous. 
a*. Fore wing with the fuscous streaks 
narrow except in discal and sub- 
median folds lutescens. 

6*. Fore wing with the fuscous streaks 

nearly filling the interspaces rhodesiana. 



DIACRISIA. 



261 



b^. Hind wing with fuscous streaks in the 

interspaces sciia. 

c. Hind wing fuscous black with the cilia yellow... latiradiata, 

d. Hind wing crimson or strongly tinged with 

crimson. 
a}. Hind wing with postmedial black band. 
a'^. Fore wing with black stripe below median 

nervure bretaudiaui. 

h^. Fore wing without black stripe below 

median nervure i)croTnata, 

b^. Hind wing without postmedial black band 
a^. Fore wing without medial series of spots 
or maculate band. 
a^. Fore wing with black fascia on base of 
costa. 
a*. Fore wing with black fascia on middle 

of inner margin sparscdis. 

6*. Fore wing without black fascia on [rosacea, 

middle of inner margin seriatopuTicta ab. 

b^. Fore wing without black fascia on base of 
costa. 
a*. Fore wing with dentate black subter- 

minal line dentilinea. 

6*. Fore wing without dentate black sub- 
terminal line. 

a^. Fore wing buff obliquaeh. co7ifusa. 

¥. Fore wing yellow. 

a^. Fore wing with the veins not 
streaked with red. 
a''. Fore wing with four fuscous 

spots on costa purpurata. 

b'^. Fore wing without fuscous spots 

on costa amurensis. 

b^. Fore wing with the veins more 
or less strongly streaked with 
scarlet. 
(f. Hind wing with the basal area 

not suffused with black metalkana. 

b''. Hind wing with the basal area 

suffused with black sannio $ . 

6^. Fore wing with two medial series of 
spots. 
a^. Fore wing with the medial series of 

spots angled on median nervure fiammeola. 

b^. Fore wing with the medial series of spots 

curved biseriata. 

c^. Fore wing with medial maculate band fork- 
ing towards costa. 



Fore wing orange-red eximia. 



P. Fore wing yellow ornata^. 

D. Fore wing brown-buff to red-brown. 
a. Antennae black. 

a^. Hind wing crimson or strongly tinged with 
crimson. 
«2. Fore wing with antemedial black point on 

costa obliqua aih. todara c?. 

6^. Fore wing without antemedial black point 
on costa. 
a?. Fore wing with antemedial and postmedial 

reddish lines longiramia. 



262 ARCTIAD^. 

b^. Fore wing with postmedial maculate 
black line, 
a*. Antennte with the shaft black above . . . montana. 
b^. AntennjB with the shaft white above... albicornis. 
c^. Fore wing with postmedial series of well- 
separated spots cnsfanea ^. 

b^. Hind wing buif. 

a". Fore wing with ante- and postmedial scarlet 

lines with series of black points on them... rubilinea. 
1?. Fore wing without scarlet lines. 

a?. Fore wing with the veins not streaked 

with black sordidescens: 

b^. Fore wing with the veins streaked 

with black tigrina. 

c^. Hind wing black-brown. 

a^. Fore wing with postmedial series of irregu- 
lar spots castanea (^ . 

i-. Fore wing with postmedial series of small 

spots on each side of the veins brunnea. 

b. Antennae whitish. 

a}. Hind wing crimson or tinged with crimson. 

or. Fore wing with dark patches on costa rufescens. 

h^. Fore wing with black antemedial and 

medial spots on costa moorei. 

c'^. Fore wing without dark patches on costa... strigatula. 

b^. Hind wing brown landaca. 

c^. Hind wing ochreous grey vagans. 

c. Antennae scarlet rubra. 

E. Fore wing grey, grey-brown, or blackish. 

a. Fore wing without series of white spots. 
ay. Abdomen orange above. 

a^. Tegulae edged with orange ionparilis (^ . 

6^. Tegulse not edged with orange. 

a^. Fore wing with whitish fascia in sub- 
median fold 7nel(Bna. 

P. Fore wing without whitish fascia in sub- 
median fold, 
tt*. Hind wing with the ground-colour 

white garida. 

b\ Hind wing grey-brown. 

a'. Antennae with the shaft black pk(sa. 

W. Antennae with the shaft pale turensis. 

h^. Abdomen brown. 

a^. Fore wing without discoidal black points... fuscipennis. 
P. Fore wing with discoidal black points. 
a^. Fore wing with blackish points on the 
cilia. 
a^. Fore wing with postmedial line ex- 
curved beyond cell sordida. 

b^. Fore wing without or with hardly a 

trace of postmedial line luctuosa. 

b^. Fore wing without points on the cilia .., mendica. 
c\ Abdomen crimson above. 

a^. Fore wing grey suffused with fuscous brown sikkimensis. 
b^. Fore wing black -brown infernalis ^f , 

b. Fore wing with series of white spots. 

a}. Hind wing with the ground-colour white ... fulvohirta. 
b^ . Hind wing with the ground-colour pale yellow, impleta. 

F. Fore wing fuscous black '. ccssarea. 



DIACRISIA. 26B 

1697. Diacrisia aeruginosa. 

Arctia amglnom, Feld. Keis. Nov. pi. 101. f. 14 (1874); Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 202. 

Pale blue-green ; antetiiue ochreous ; palpi pale pink ; legs striped 
with pink. Fore wing with the costa and extremities of cilia 
ochreous. Hind wing greenish white. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota, 2 cT , 1 $ . Exp. bQ millim. Type in 
Coll. Rothschild. 

*169S. Diacrisia lymphasea. 

Phragmatobia li/mphasea, Dogn. Le Nat. 1892, p. 16 ; id. Lep. Loja, p. 88, 
pi. 9. f. 3 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 911. 

$ . Green ; palpi fuscous, fringed with pink hair ; sides of frons, 
antennae, a ring round neck, fore coxae, and legs above pink; 
abdomen dorsally pink, with short black dorsal bands. Fore wing 
with the costal edge pinkish, the cilia yellow. Hind wing very pale 
greenish. 

Hah. EcuADOK, Loja, typef 5 in Coll. Dognin. Exp. 62 millina. 

1699. Diacrisia nigrifrons. 

Icambosida nigrifrons, Wlk. xxxii. 401 (1865) ; Butl. 111. Het. v. p. 29, 
pi. 85. f. 3 ;' Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 12 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 238. 

Pure white ; palpi black, fringed with orange below ; sides of frons 
and antennae black, the latter with some white on shaft ; tegulae 
orange ; fore coxae orange, legs striped with black above ; abdomen 
orange above except at base and extremity, with dorsal, lateral, and 
sublateral series of black spots ; wings immaculate. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing with subterminal fuscous spot above vein 5 
and three towards tornus. — Khasis. 

Hah. SiKHiM {Athinson, Lidderdale^ Dudgeon)^ 6 (5" , 1 $ type ; 
Assam, Khasis, 1 S . Exp. 40 millim. 

1700. Diacrisia phasma. (Plate XLIV. fig. 17.) 

Thyrgorina fhasma, Leech, Trans. Ent. See. 1899, p. 159. 

(S . Dull white ; palpi black, yellowish at base and fringed with 
yellowish in front ; sides of frons and antennae black, the latter 
with the shaft white above ; tegulae edged with orange ; patagia 
with black points; legs blackish above, fore coxae with some 
yellowish hair ; abdomen orange above, with some white hair at 
base, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore 
wing with blackish antemedial spot on costa, a curved series of 
pale brownish spots arising beyond it at subcostal nervure ; a 
blackish spot in upper angle of cell with another on costa above it ; 
a series of pale brownish spots just beyond the cell, angled at lower 
angle, then oblique ; a slightly sinuous postmedial series of spots 
connected with apex by an oblique series; a subterminal series 



264 AECTIAD^. 

between veins 5 and 3. Hind wing with indistinct pale brownish 
subterminal spots between vein 3 and tornus. 

Hah. W. China, Kwei-chow, 1 S , Pu-tsu-fong, 1 c^* type, Kia- 
ting-fu, 1 S . Exp. 42 millim. 

1701. Diacrisia rhodophila. 

Spilosoma rhodophila, Wlk. xxxi. 294 (1864) ; Butl. III. Het. B. M. v. p. 29, 
pi. 85. f. 4; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 15; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 234. 

Spilosoma ruhidorsa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 808; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 233. 

Icamhosida dorsalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 394 ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. vii. 
p. 29, pi. 122. ff. 4, 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 234. 

Pure white ; palpi black, crimson at base ; sides of frons and 
antennae black; neck with crimson patches at sides; legs striped 
with black above, the fore coxae and femora above crimson ; 
abdomen crimson above except at base and extremity, with dorsal, 
lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing with the 
costal edge often ochreous ; an antemedial fuscous point in cell 
sometimes present ; a spot in upper angle of cell ; an oblique post- 
medial series of spots from vein 4 to inner margin, sometimes 
curved round to below costa and connected with apex by an oblique 
series of short streaks on each side of the veins; a subterminal 
series of short streaks on each side of veins 5 to 3 usually present. 
Hind wing with fuscous discoidal spot ; subtei'minal spots below 
costa above vein 5 and one to four towards tornus often present. 

Hah. W. China, Omei-shan, 2 c?, Chang-yang (Pratt), 1 S ^ Pu- 
tsu-fong, 4 S , Moupin (Kricheldorff), 1 d , 1 $ ; N.W. Himalayas, 
Dalhousie (Powell), 2 S ? Kangra (Hoclcing), 4 c? , 4 $ type dorsalis^ 
Kulu (G. Young), 1 c^ ; Sikhim {Russell), 1 S , (Dudgeon) 5 c? , type. 
Exj)., S 40, 2 50 millim. 

Larva. Butl. 111. Het. vii. p. 121, pi. 138. f- 4. 

Head red-brown; dorsal area dark brown, with a series of short 
white streaks; lateral area pale brown, with pale streaks and tufts 
of long hair arising from the yellow warts. Pood-plant, Cherry. 

1702. Diacrisia costimacula. (Plate XLIV. fig. 6.) 

Thyrgorina costimacula, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1899, p. 158. 

Pure white ; palpi, frons at sides, and antennae black-brown ; 
neck with lateral crimson patches ; legs blackish above, fore coxae 
with some crimson hair ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal and 
lateral series of black spots. Fore wing with fuscous subbasal spot 
below costa ; three short antemedial streaks on and below costa ; 
a point in upper angle of cell with spot on costa above it ; an 
oblique maculate line from costa just before apex to middle of inner 
margin. Hind wing with discoidal spot and two slight subterminal 
spots towards tornus. 

Hah. W. China, Washan, 1 J type, Chia-ting-fu, 1 $ , Moupin, 
1 c? 1 $ . Exjf). 38 millim. 



DIACR18IA. 265 



1703. Diacrisia multivittata. (Plate XLIV. fig. 22.) 

Spilosoma multivittata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 808 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. 
ii. p. 12; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 233. 

White with a slight yellowish tinge ; palpi and lower part of 
frons black ; antennae black ; shoulders with orange patches ; legs 
black above ; abdomen orange above except at base and extremity, 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Eore wing with 
oblique subbasal series of black spots expanding on costa ; an ante- 
medial maculate band, expanding at costa and acutely angled on 
median nervure ; a spot in upper angle of cell ; a postmedial 
maculate band angled beyond lower end of cell, where it is con- 
nected with apex by an oblique series of spots, three spots beyond 
it between vein 2 and inner margin, and short subtermiual streaks 
on each side of veins 5 to 3 and two points towards tornus. Hind 
wing with discoidal spot ; subterminal spots below costa, above 
vein 5, and four towards tornus, or a complete series. 

Ab. 1. Frons only black at sides; shoulders with small yellow 
patches ; wings immaculate. 

Hah. SiKHiM (Russell), 1 S type ; (Lidderdale, Dudgeon) 4 S > 
3 2 ' Exxj., S 38, 2 44 millim. 



1704. Diacrisia indica. 

Arctia indica, Guer. Deless. Souv. Inde, ii. p. 93 (1843) ; Hmpsn. Moths 

Ind. ii. p. 12 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 230. 
Thyrgorina spilosomata, Wlk. xxxi. 318 (1864) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 233. 
Echlida subjecta, Wlk. xxxii. 387 (1865) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 233. 

(5 . White with a slight yellowish tinge ; palpi, sides of frons, 

and antennae blackish ; shoulders with yellow patches ; legs striped 

with black above ; abdomen orange above, 

with some whitish hair at base, dorsal 

and lateral series of black points. Fore 

wing with the basal half of costa black, 

the terminal half yellowish ; a curved 

antemedial series of spots; a spot in 

Fig. 140. upper angle of cell, forming part of a 

Diacrisia mdicaS- h postmedial series angled beyond lower 

(FromMothsInd.vol.il.) ^ -, i? n .i ^^• ^^ • ^ 

end 01 cell, then oblique ; a subterminal 

series of spots curved out to tornus and with the spot above vein 5 

elongate. Hind wing with discoidal spots ; a subterminal spot 

above vein 5 and four towards tornus. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the spots in the series reduced to those 
towards costa and inner margin. 

Ab. 2. Fore wing with the spots reduced to one in upper angle 
of cell. 

$ . Fore wing with the spots more or less reduced. 

Ab. 3. spilosomata. Wings immaculate. 

Hah. Bombay (Leith), 2 S ; Nilgiris {Hampson\ 3 d , 4 $ ; 




266 ARCTIAD^. 

CoiMBATORE (Walhouse), 1 d type subjecta, 1 $ type spilosomata. 
Exp., S 32, $ 42 millim. 

1705. Diacrisia melanosoma. (Plate XLIY. fig. 3.) 

Thyrgorina melanosoma, Hmpsn. Moths Incl. ii. p. 15 (1894), 

(S . Pure white ; palpi black above, orange below ; frons black 
at sides ; antennae brown ; shoulders with orange or orange-crimson 
patches ; fore coxae orange; legs striped with black above; abdomen 
white banded with black above, or more or less orange above with 
the bands reduced to spots or sometimes obsolete ; wings sometimes 
immaculate. Pore wing sometimes with oblique postmedial series 
of fuscous spots from vein 5 to 2 and some subterminal short streaks 
on each side of veins 6 to 8. Hind wing sometimes with discoidal 
fuscous spot, and subterminal spot above vein 5 and one to four 
towards tornus. 

Eab. W. China, Washan (Pratt), 1 $ ; N.W. Himalayas, Simla 
(Harford), 2d, 4 $ , Dalhousie (Harford), 3 cT , 2 ^ , Murree, 

1 <^, Abbotabad (Yerhury), 1 $ , Kulu (G. Young), 1 $ ; Sikhim, 

2 d* , 1 5 ; Assam, Khasis. Exp., ^ 36, 2 46 millim. Type t in 
Coll. Elwes. 

1706. Diacrisia latipennis. 

Sjoilosoma latipennis, Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 133, pi. 6. f. 5 
(1872) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 229. 

5 . Pure white ; antennae with the branches black ; fore coxae 
and femora above pink, the tibia and tarsus streaked with black ; 
wings thinly scaled. 

Hab. U.S.A., Atlantic States, Grote CoU., 1 $ . Exp,, S 40, 
5 46 millim. 

Egg. Soule, Psyche, vii. p. 71. 

Hemispherical, flattened at base ; yellowish white. 

Larva. Young : Pale yellowish with long blackish hair ; head 
with lateral dark spots, the mouth-parts pinkish ; three dorsal 
series of dark warts and a dark spot on 10th somite. 

Stages 2, 3. Without dark warts or spots except on head ; the 
hair white, black on dorsum. 

Stage 4. Interrupted subdorsal and lateral series of grey points ; 
warts pale yellow, with a bright yellow one on each side of 10th 
somite ; hair longer anteriorly and posteriorly. 

Stage 5. Body grey, with darker subdorsal and lateral lines ; 
warts on 10th somite pale yellow and prominent, elsewhere grey ; 
hairs grey with a few white ones at extremities. 

Stage 6. Hairs tan-coloured with a few long black ones ; spiracles 
white, largest on 10th somite. 

Stage 7. Head yellow-brown with dark brown upper half ; body 
dark velvety brown ; hair black, tan towards base ; spiracles very 
prominent, white. 



DTACRISIA. 267 



1707. Diacrisia nivea. 

Bionychopus niveus, Men. Bull, Phys. Math. Pot. xvii. p. 218 (1859) ; 
Schrenck's Reisen, Lep. ii. p. 52, pi. 4. f. 6 ; Kirby, Oat. Het, p. 229. 

Pure white ; palpi crimson at base, the 3rd joint black ; antennae 
with the branches black; fore coxa) and the femora above crimson; 
fore cox£e with black patch; forelegs streaked with black; abdomen 
with crimson lateral patches except at base and extremity, dorsal 
and lateral series of black spots ; wings without markings. 

Hah. Amur, "6 6-, 1 ? ; Japan, Yezo (Andreius), 1 c^ (Pryer, 
Fenton), 2^,3$, Oiwake (Fryer), 1 c? , 1 $ ; W. China, Chang- 
yang, 2 cJ , Ta-Chien-lu (Fratt), I $ . Kcp., c? 70, $ 80 millim. 

1708. Diacrisia pura. (Plate XLIV. fig. 10.) 
Spilosoma purum, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1899, p. 151. 

Pure white ; palpi black at sides ; antennae with the branches 
blackish below ; legs striped with black ; fore coxse at sides and 
femora above orange ; abdomen with subdorsal orange patches, a 
dorsal series of small round or triangular spots or short bands, 
lateral or sublateral series of spots ; wings with the discocellulars 
brownish on underside. 

Hub. W. China, Omei-shan, Chia-kou-ho, 3 c? , 1 $ , Kwei-chow, 
1 d , Washan, 3 c? , 3 $ type. Ex2J. 50-60 millim. 

1709. Diacrisia jussieuse. (Plate XLIV. fig. 18.) 

Arctia jussieucs, Poey, Cent. Lep. Cuba, pi. 14 (1832) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. 
p. 228. 

Pure white ; palpi and fore tibiae streaked with black ; tarsi 
ringed with black ; femora orange above ; abdomen with dorsal 
series of black points ; difi'used orange lateral fasciae. Fore wing 
with black point at lower angle of cell. 

Hah. Cuba {Ruiz), 2 c? , 3 $ . Exp., 6 32, $ 40 millim. 



1710. Diacrisia virginica. 

Bombyx virginica, Fabr. Ent. Syst. Suppl. p. 437 (1798) ; Harr. Ins, 
Inj. Veg. p. 248; id. ed. 3, p. 350, fF. 167, 168; Eiley, Eep. Ins. 
Missouri, iii. p. 68, f. 28 ; Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 131, pi. 6. 
f. 6 ; Xirby, Cat. Het. p. 228. 

Spilosoma congrua, Wlk. iii. 669 (1855) $; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 234. 

Pure white ; palpi black at sides ; antennae with the branches 
blackish ; fore legs streaked with black, the tarsi banded with 
black ; femora yellow above ; abdomen orauge-yellow at sides, 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing 
usually with black point at lower angle of cell and sometimes one 
at angle of discocellulars ; a postmedial point above inner margin 
and subterminal point above vein 5. Hind wing with discoidal 



268 ARCTIAD^. 

black spot ; a subterminal spot below vein 2 and often one above 
vein 5. 

Fore wing with vein 10 abnormally from cell or from 11, which 
is sometimes stalked with 7, 8, 9 ; in one specimen veins 4, 5 on 
one side are represented by a short spur. 

Hah. Canada, Hudson's Bay, Renfrew Coast, Nova Scotia; 
Yancouver Is. (J. J. Walker) ; U.S.A., Atlantic States, Trenton 
Ealls, Georgia, type congrua $ ; Mexico, Durango {Becker), 2 cJ , 
1 2 ) Salvin-Godman Coll. E.vp. 44-54 millim. 

Larva. Pack. Ann. N. Y. Ac. viii. p. 78 ; Dyar, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. v. p. 131. 

Young : Pale greenish ; head large, dark chestnut-brown ; 
piliferous warts dark chestnut, conical ; hairs blackish, very long ; 
prothoracic shield crescent-shaped, with two series of warts. 

Full-grown : Body dull black with white segmental incisions ; 
the hair black, with a reddish streak on abdominal somites, or all 
the hair is foxy red except on 1st somite and the sublateral hair 
on 2nd and 3rd somites ; head small, black, the clypeus, antennse, 
labrum, and mouth-parts greenish. 

1711. Diacrisia alba. 

Chelonia alba, Brem. Schmett. N, China, p. 15 (1853) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 229. 
Bionychopus ruhidus, Leech, Entom. xxiii. p. 11] (1880) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 229. 
Spilosoma leucoptera, Alph. Eom. Mem. ix. p. 170, pi. 10. f. 8 (1897). 

Pure white ; palpi and frons at sides and antennse black ; 
shoulders with black points ; crimson stripes just below shoulders 
and wings ; legs striped with black above, the fore coxae crimson 
with black spots, femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson above, 
with dorsal black points on medial segments and lateral and sub- 
lateral series. Fore wing with black point at base, sometimes with 
fuscous medial points above vein 1 and base of vein 2 ; a point 
beyond lower angle of cell and short streak above vein 5. Hind 
wing with discoidal spot, and sometimes subterminal spots above 
vein 5 and two towards tornus. 

Hah. CoKEA ; C. and W. China, Chang-yang, 2 $ , Moupin 
(Kricheldorff), 1 (5* , 1 $ type ruhidus. Exp. 60 millim. 

1712. Diacrisia punctaria. 

Bomhyx punctaria, Stoll, Pap, Exot. iv. pi. 398, T> (1782) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 228. 
Arctia punctigera, Motsch. Et. Ent. ix. p. 31 (1860). 
Spilosoma roseiventer, A' oil. Tidskr. Ent. vi. p. 143 (1863). 
Spilosoma dornesii, Oberth. Diagn. Lap. Askold, p. 6 (1879) ; id. Et. Ent. 

V. p. 31, pi. 1. f. 7. 

Pure white; palpi, antennae, and streaks on legs black; femora 
above crimson ; abdomen crimson above except basal and terminal 
segments, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. 
Fore wing with basal and subbasal points below costa ; antemedial 
and medial series of a few points angled on median nervure ; points 



DIACRISIA. 



269 



at angles of cell ; a few postmedial points ; a subterminal series of 
points on each side of the veins, incurved below costa ; some points 
on termen. Hind wing with discoidal spot; subterminal spots 
below costa and near veins 5 and 2. 

Fore wing with the number of points often much reduced. 

Hah. Japan (Fenton, Jones, Lewis), 3 cT , 3 $ , Yokohama (Manley), 

2 c? , Nagasaki (Leech), 1 c? , 1 $ , Hakodate, 1 $ , Oiwake {Fryer), 
1 5 ; CoEEA, Gensan (Leach), 1 c? , 1 $ ; China, Shanghai (Fryer), 
1 5 , Ningpo (Leech), 1 $ , Chia-kou-ho (Fratt), 1 c? , 1 2 , Kwei- 
chow, 1 $ , Moupin (KricheUorff), 1 $ . Exp., S 42, $ 48 millim, 

1713. Diacrisia robusta. (Plate XLIV. fig. 14.) 

Spilosoma robustum, Leech, Trans. Ent, Soc. 1899, p. 149. 

White ; palpi scarlet at base, black at tips ; antennse black ; 
shoulders and patagia with black points in male; crimson streaks 
below the base of wings ; fore coxae at sides and femora above 
scarlet ; the fore coxae, tibiae, and tarsi striped with black ; abdomen 
scarlet, suffused with crimson above, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of black spots. Pore wing with black spot in upper angle of 
cell ; medial spots above and below vein 1, and sometimes a sub- 
terminal point below vein 6. Hind wing with discoidal spot, and 
sometimes a postmedial point below vein 2 and a subterminal point 
below vein 1. 

Hah. W. China, Moupin (Kricheldorff), 1 (5* , 1 ? type, 
Ecvp., 6 Q2, 2 70 millim. 

1714. Diacrisia erythrozona. (Plate XLIV. fig. 21.) 

Euprepia erythrozona^ Koll. Hiigel's Kaschmir, iv. p. 468 (1844) ; Hmpsn, 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 11 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 
Spilosoma coqnata, Wlk. Char. Undescr. Het. p. 11 (1869); Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 234. 

Pure white ; palpi and branches of antennae black ; legs streaked 
with black ; fore femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson above 
with black bands, the base and extremity white; a sublateral series 
of black points. Pore wing with the costal edge black in male to 
beyond middle ; a black point at lower angle of cell and sometimes 
a subterminal point above vein 5. Hind wing usually with discoidal 
spot, and sometimes subterminal spots above vein 5 and below 2. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas, type <S cognata, Kashmir (Leech), 3 ^ , 

3 2 } Dalhousie (Harford), 11 d" , 4 $ , Dharmsala (Hocking), 1 S ,. 
1 2 • ^^-^y-, d 42, $ 46 millim. 

*1715. Diacrisia erythrastis. (Plate XLIV. fig. 8.) 

Spilosoma erythrastis, Meyr. P. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. (2) i. p. 753 (1886) : 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 263. 
Spilosoma freyichii, Lucas, P. Soc. Queensl. xiii. p. 59 (1898;. 

S . Head and thorax pure white ; palpi at tips, antennae, spots 
on tegulae and patagia, and a stripe on vertex of thorax black ; 



270 AECTIADJ5. 

abdomen crimson, with dorsal series of short segmental bands 
except on basal segments, and lateral series of spots. Fore wing 
pure white ; a short black streak on base of costa ; a spot at base 
and three obliquely-placed subbasal points ; an antemedial spot on 
costa with semicircular mark below it ; an irregular spot on middle 
of costa ; five spots curved round lower angle of cell and two spots 
above inner margin ; a triangular spot on costa beyond middle with 
two spots below it; a point belosv vein 2 and double spot on inner 
margin ; a subterminal incomplete series of points on each side of 
the veins and some points on termen. Hind wing crimson ; a black 
spot at upper angle of cell ; a subterminal spot above vein 5 and 
two spots towards tornus ; cilia white. 

Hah. N. Australia, Lizard I., type t c? in Coll. Meyrick ; 
QtTEEifSLAND. Exp. 46 millim. 

1716. Diacrisia punctulata. 

Spilosoma punctulatum, WUgru. Wien. ent. Mon. iv. p. 161 (1860) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 239. 
Spilosoma aiiricinctum, Butl. P. Z. S. 1896, p. 847, pi. 42. f. 6. 

Pure white ; palpi at sides, antennae, spots on tegulae and patagia, 
and streaks on legs black ; back of head, edges of tegulae, and femora 
above orange ; abdomen orange above, except the basal and terminal 
segments, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. 
Pore wing with the retinaculum of male white ; a subbasal black 
point in cell ; an antemedial series of four points angled on median 
nervure ; a medial point on costa and points at angles of cell. 
Hind wing with small discoidal spot and subterminal spots above 
vein 5 and below 2. 

Mashonaland specimens have the points greater in number. 

Hah. Xyasaland (Crawshay), 1 5 type ; Mashonaland, Salisbury 
(Marshall), 3 c? , 1 $ . Eojp. 48 millim. 

*1717. Diacrisia euproctina. 

Spilosoma euproctina, Auriv. Ent. Tidskr. 1899, p. 240. 

S . Pure white ; palpi in front, branches of antennae, fore coxae, 
a streak on fore tibiae, a spot at extremity of hind tibiae, the spurs, 
and tarsi above fuscous ; tegulae tinged with yellow behind ; abdomen 
orange above on segments 2 to 6, with a dorsal series of black 
points. Pore wing with black point at lower angle of cell. Hind 
wing with black point at angle of discocellulars. 

Hah. Niger E., Loko, type cS in Coll. Staudinger. Exp. 
28 millim. This species is unknown to me. 

1718. Diacrisia urticse. 

Bomhyx urticcB, Esp. Schmett. iii. p. 20, pi. 83. f. 2 (1789) ; Hiibn. Eur. 
Schmett. ii., Bomb. f. 154 ; Stepb. 111. Brit Ent., Haust, ii. p. 76 ; Godt. 
Lep. Fr. iv. p. 365, pi. 37. f. 7 ; Staud. Cat. p. 60 ; Kirbj, Cat. Het. 
p. 228. 



DIACRISIA. 271 

PhalcBna papyratia, Marsh. Trans. Lian. Soc. i. p. 72, pi. 1. f, 4 (1791). 
Spilosoma urticcB, var. quadripunctata, Cosmovici, Le Nat. 1892, p. 280. 
Spilosoma itrtic(B, var. paucipunctata, Fuchs, JB. Nass. Ver. xlv. p. 89 
(1892). 

Pure white; palpi with some black hair; antennae blackish 
towards extremity ; legs striped with black, the femora yellow 
above ; abdomen orange-yellow above, except the basal and terminal 
segments, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore 
wing wholly white or with black points at angles of cell, or with 
mofe or less of the points of the antemedial, postmedial, and sub- 
termical series. Hind wing without markings. 

Ab. 1. paucipimcta. Fore wing with very few spots. 

Ab. 2. quadripunctata. Wings semihyaline ; fore wing with 
black points at angles of cell and two on inner area. — Roumania. 

Hah. Europe, Central, Zeller and Frey Colls., Greece {Merlin) ; 
Amur. Eocp. 40-44 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 40 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. ii. p. 290, pi. 78. f. 1 h. 

Dark brown ; hairs dark grey ; spiracles white ; head blackish. 
Food-plants, Mumex, MentJia, etc. 7-9. 



1719. Diacrisia lubricipeda. 

Bombyx lubricipeda, Linn. Syst, Nat. i. p. 505 (1758) ; Kirby, Cat. Het 

p. 227. 
Bombyx lubricipeda alba, Hiifn. Berl. Mag. ii. p. 412 (1766). 
Fhalcena lepus, Retz. Gen. Spec. Ins. p. 37 (1783). 
Bombyx menthrasiri, Esp. Scbmett. iii. p. 334, pi. 66. ff.6-10 (1786); Hilbn. 

Eur. Scbmett. ii. ff. 1.52, 153 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 362, pi. 37. ff. 5, 6 ; 

Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. 75, pi. 16. f. 3 ; Stand. Cat. p. 59. 
Bombyx mendica, Rossi, Faun. Etrusc. ii. p. 174 (1790). 
ThalcBna erminea, Marsb. Trans. Linn. Soc. i. p. 70, pi. 1. f. 1 (1791). 
Chelonia luxerii, Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 360, pi. 37. f. 4 (1822). 
Spilosoma sangaica, Wlk. xxxi. 294 (1864) ; Butl. 111. Het. iii. p. 5, pi. 42. 

f. 5 (1879) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 228. 

Pure white ; palpi, antennae, and throat dark brown ; legs 
streaked with black, the femora orange above; abdomen orange above 
except the basal and terminal segments, dorsal, lateral, and sablateral 
series of black spots. Fore wing with basal and subbasal black 
points below costa ; antemedial and medial series of points angled 
on median nervure ; a point in upper angle of cell, with another 
above it on costa ; a postmedial series of points excurved beyond 
cell ; an oblique series from apex to vein 5 ; short subterminal 
streaks on each side of veins 3-5 ; points on term en above vein 5 
and below 2 sometimes present. Hind wing usually with dis- 
coidal spot and sometimes subterminal points above vein 5 and 
below 2. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the number of black points more or less 
reduced, especially in the postmedial and subterminal series ; this 
being most marked in the Japanese and Chinese form sangaica. 

Ab. 2. Wings quite white, except the discal spot of hind wing. — 
Murree. 



272 AECTIADJE. 

Ab. 3. Eore wing with the interspaces streaked with black, 
leaving the veins, streaks in the interspaces, and series of spots on 
terminal area white. 

Ab. 4. luxeri. Fore wing tinged with flesh-pink and with fuscous 
suffusion on inner area ; hind wing tinged with pale yellow. 

Ab. 5. Head, thorax, and fore wing strongly tinged with 
ochreous. 

Hah. C. & N. Europe, Zeller and Frey Colls. ; Spain ; Italy ; E. 
EuEOPE ; Armenia ; Altai ; Amur ; Japan, Nagasaki {Leecli)^ 1 5 , 
Tsu-Shima (Seehohm), 1 S , {Le2uis, Fenton) 4 c? , 3 $ , Nikko, 1 6 , 
1 2, Yokohama (Manley), 1 cS ; Corea, Gensan (Leech)^ 1 ^ ; 
China, Shanghai (J. J. Walker), 1 c? , 3 5 type sangaica, Kwei- 
chow, 1 c? , 1 2 , Omei-shan, 1 6 , Washan (Pratt), 1 c? , 1 $ , 
Chia-kou-ho (Pratt), 1 ^ , 1 $ , Chang-yang (Pratt), 1 cS , Moupin 
(Kricheldorff), 1 c? , 1 $ ; N.W. Himalayas, Murree (Yerhury), 
1 2 . Exp. 34-46 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 40 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. ii. p. 28, pi. 77. f. 1 h. 

Brown ; hairs long, brown ; dorsal line ochreous ; spiracles 
white ; head black. Food-plants : Plantago, Mentha, Rumex, 
etc. 7-9. 

1720. Diacrisia aspersa. 

Spilosoma aspersa, Mab. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. iii. p. 89 (1878); Saalm. Lep. 

Madag. i. p. 157, pi. 6. f. 89 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 224. 
Areas virginalis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) ii. p. 456 (1878). 

White ; head orange, the palpi, a patch on vertex, and antennae 
except basal joint black ; fore coxae and femora orange, tibiae and 
tarsi black ; abdomen orange, some white hair at base, dorsal and 
lateral series of black spots, male with large patch on subterminal 
segment, the ventral surface white with sublateral series of black 
points. Fore wing sparsely irrorated with small brown spots ; a 
discoidal lunule. Hind wing with discoidal lunule, the terminal 
half irrorated with small brown spots. 

Hah. Madagascar, Betsileo, 1 c5" , 1 2 , type virginalis, Antana- 
narivo, 3 $ . Exp., c? 52, 2 64 millim. 



1721. Diacrisia spectabilis. 

Noctua spcctabilis, Tausch. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. i. p. 179, pi. 13. f. 6 

(1811); Herr.-Schaff. Schmett. Eur. ii. p. 145, ff. 9, 10; Staud. Cat. 

p. .58 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 910. 
Bomhyx intercissa, Freyer, N. Beitr. Schmett. iv. p. 118 (1842) ; Dup. Lep. 

Fr. Suppl. iv. p. 81, pi. 57. ff. 4 a, 6. 
Arctia spectabilis, var. annellata, Christ, Eom. Mem. iii. p. 55, pi. 3. f. 2 

(1887). 

J . White ; head except vertex and thorax tinged with pale 
yellow-brown ; antennae with the branches brown ; abdomen dorsally 
banded with dark brown and yellow. Fore wing with pale yellow- 
brown fascia on basal costal area, a short antemedial streak in cell 



DIACRISIA. 273- 

and triangular patch below the cell ; a V-shaped mark from middle of 
costa to lower angle of cell with an oblique maculate band from it to 
inner margin ; an oblique maculate band from apex to inner margin 
beyond middle, joined at vein 5 on its inner side by a short band 
from costa ; a maculate band from below apex to tornus, conjoined 
to a terminal series of small spots. Hind wing with discoidal dull 
brown spot ; a subterminal series of spots, the spot above vein 5 
larger ; a terminal series of small spots. 

2 with the markings dark brown ; hind wing with the inter- 
spaces more or less filled with dark brown. 

Hah. Centr. & E. Russia, Zeller & Frey Colls., 8 d" , 2 $ ; Syria 
{Leech), 4 c? , 1 $ ; Altai. Exp., S 36, $ 42 millim. 

Larva. Purplish brown, with paler striae especially between the 
somites ; the warts rufous on pale spots, with tufts of rather short 
white and a few black hairs ; a lateral yellowish fascia ; head 
blackish. 

1722. Diacrisia unifascia. (Plate XLIV. fig. 7.) 

Andala unifascia, Wlk. iii. 774 (1855) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 13; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 240. 
Alphaa varia, Wlk. xxxi. 297 (1864); Kirby, Cat. Het, p. 909. 

White ; palpi, frons at sides, and antennae black-brown ; black 
spots on patagia and usually on prothorax ; legs banded black and 
white, the femora orange above ; abdomen orange above, with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Pore wing with 
oblique subbasal series of small black spots met on inner margin by 
the curved antemedial series which has a brownish triangular spot 
on costa ; a curved brownish band with irregularly waved black 
edges just before middle, sometimes conjoined on costa to the 
triangular spot ; three small spots in and beyond upper angle of cell, 
with larger spot on costa above them and five small spots in and beyond 
lower angle of cell; a postmedial series of small spots on each 
side of the veins bent inwards at vein 3 to below angle of cell, with 
larger spot on costa and paired points beyond it at veins 2 and 1 ;. 
a subterminal series of short striae on each side of the veins ; a series 
of spots on termen and cilia, the spots on each side of vein 5 angled 
inwards. Hind wing with discoidal spot ; a more or less complete 
subterminal series and some small spots on apical half of termen. 

Ab. 1. varia. Both wings, especially the hind wing, tinged with 
fuscous. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas, Kulu (G. Young), 2 ,5 , 1 5, Mussoorie 
(Hearsey), 1 $ type varia, Kasowli, 1 $ , Kangra (Hocking), 7 d r 
6 2 • ^^P; d 36, 2 40 millim. 

Larva. Butl. 111. Het. vii. p. 120, pi. 138. f. 11. 

Dark-brown, with dorsal and paired subdorsal series of white 
spots ; the warts black, with tufts of white and black hairs ; head 
black. 

VOL. III. T 



274 ARCTIAD^. 



1723. Diacrisia lewisi. (Plate XLIY. fig. 23.) 

Seirarctia lewisii, Butl. Cist. Ent. iii. p. 115 (1885) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 242. 

White ; palpi black, crimson at base ; sides of froiis and antennae 
black ; neck with crimson ring ; tegulae with black spots and 
slightly edged with crimson ; thorax with black stripe on dorsum ; 
shoulders black and crimson ; femora crimson above, the tibiae and 
tarsi black above ; abdomen crimson above except at base, with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing with 
the veins yellow ; the costal edge black ; the cell black except upper 
extremity in which there is a black point with two beyond it ; a 
black fascia on costa towards apex ; short streaks to term en above 
and below veins 6 and 7 diminishing towards apex ; streaks above 
veins 3, 4, 5, the 1st reaching termen and with spots above and 
below its extremity ; streaks above and below medial part of vein 
2 and another below its extremity ; fasciae above and below 
vein 1 from before middle to termen. Hind wing with the disco- 
cellulars fuscous. 

Hah. Japak {Lewis), 1 S type, Oiwake (Pryer, Mmiley), 4 c?, 
2 $ ; W. China, Ta-chien-lu {Pratt), 1 S ■ Exp. 52 millim. 



1724. Diacrisia chionea. (Plate XLIV. fig. 11.) 

Spilosoma chionea, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Museum, ii. p. 56 (1900). 

Head pale yellow ; palpi above and antennae black ; thorax 
white ; sides of pectus, fore coxae and femora above pale yellow, the 
fore coxae with brown patches, the tibiae and tarsi above black ; 
abdomen orange, with dorsal series of black spots and lateral series 
of points, the ventral surface whitish. Fore wing pure white. 
Hind wing orange-yellow. 

Hah. Natal, Weenen, 1 c? , 1 $ type. Exp. 44 millim. 

1725. Diacrisia scortilla. (Plate XLIY. fig. 13.) 

Spilosoma scortillum, Wllgrn. CEfv. Vet.-Akad. Forh. xxxii. (1) p. 101 

(1876) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 243. 
Aloa nigricosta, HoU. Psyche, vi. p. 398 (1893). 

(S . Yellowish white ; head orange ; palpi at sides and branches 
of antennae black ; tegulae sometimes edged with orange ; legs dark 
l)rown, the femora orange above; abdomen orange except at 
base, a dorsal series of brown bands conjoined on dorsum into a 
stripe, lateral and sublateral stripes. Fore wing with brown fascia 
on costa from before middle to apex and narrowing to points at 
extremities. 

Hah. Cameeoons, Ogove H., 1 cS cotype nigyncosta ; Transvaal ; 
Natal, Mooi R., 1 c^ . Exp. 32-40 millim. 



DIACRISIA. 275 

1726. Diacrisia curvilinea. (Plate XLIV. fig. 4.) 

Spilosoma curvilinea, Wlk. iii. 671 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat, Het. p. 241. 

Dull yellowish white ; palpi, frons, and basal joint of antennae 
orange, the palpi at sides and branches of antenna3 black ; pectus 
and legs orange, the tibiae and tarsi striped with black ; abdomen 
orange. Fore wing with black antemedial line slightly oxcurved 
below costa ; a medial line with spot on it at upper angle of cell, 
oblique from costa to lower angle of cell, then inwardly oblique and 
sinuous ; a sinuous postmedial line excurved between veins 5 and 3 ; 
cilia yellowish ; the lines sometimes much reduced and partially 
obsolete. Hind wing yellowish white, with black discoidal spot. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the ante- and postmedial lines obsolete. — 
Gambia, Coll. Druce. 

Hah. LxGos(Strahan),12 ; Gam.bia (Moloney) ; Congo (Citrror), 
1 d , 1 $ type. E.vp., d 32, 2 38 millim. 

1727. Diacrisia aurantiaca. (Plate XLIV. fig. 19.) 

Alpeiius aurantiaca, Holl. Psyche, vi. p. 397 (1893), 2. 
Alpenus multiscripta, Holl. Psyche, vi. p. 398 (1893), ^ . 

S . Pale ochreous ; palpi and frons dark brown. Fore legs and 
mid and hind tibiae and tarsi brown ; abdomen orange above, with 
dorsal and lateral series of black points. Fore wing irrorated with 
brown ; a subbasal brown line oblique from costa to median 
nervure, then sinuous ; a medial line oblique from costa to lower 
angle of cell, where it is joined by a discoidal lunule ; the postmedial 
line bent outwards below costa, excurved from vein 5 to 3, then 
slightly incurved and with an oblique line beyond it from costa to 
vein 6 ; a terminal series of black points. Hind wing yellowish 
white, with slight discoidal black point. 

2 ' Fulvous orange ; the 3rd joint of palpi, tibiae and tarsi 
blackish ; fore wing without the terminal series of points : hind 
wing orange or orange-yellow, without discoidal point. 

Hah, Sierra Leone {Austen), 1 S ; Niger E., Akasa (Litgard), 
1 2 '-> Cameroons, Ogove E,., 1 (5", multiscripta cotype. Exp.^ 
S 32, 2 48 millim. Type f 2 "i Coll. Holland. 

1728. Diacrisia bifurca. (Plate XLIV. fig. 20.) 

Aloa bifurca, Wlk. iii. 700 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 238. 
Spilarctia radiosa, Druce, A. M. N.H. (7) i. p. 211 (1897). 

2 . Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi and antennae black ; 
tegulae edged with orange; tegulae, shoulders, and patagia with 
black spots ; legs ochreous and black ; fore coxae orange with black 
spots ; abdomen ochreous, the dorsal surface orange, dorsal and 
lateral series and some sublateral black spots. Fore wing ochreous ; 
a black point at base and spots on costa ; an irregular oblique brown 
line from costa before middle to below cell not quite met by an erect 

t2 



276 ARCTIAD^. 

line from inner margin; two conjoined elongate obliquely-placed 
spots from middle of costa to lower angle of cell ; a spot on costa 
above angle of cell and point at angle ; two small spots beyond lower 
angle and three obliquely placed from lower angle towards an 
oblique line from inner margin ; a streak from near termen below 
vein 5 to angle of cell ; subterminal strige on each side of veins 3^ 
4, 5, 6 ; a cluster of spots on costa before apex ; two postmedial 
points on each side of vein 1 ; a terminal series of spots, the spot 
above vein 5 sending a streak inwards. Hind wing with discoidal 
spot; subterminal spots above and below vein 5 ; a spot below vein 
2 and one near tornus ; a terminal series of points on apical 
part of wing. 

c? . Fore wing with the postmedial spots conjoined into a band 
met by the oblique mark from middle of costa ; the subterminal 
markings reduced to some irregular spots below costa and at vein 5 
and a small spot above vein 1. Hind wing with the spots smaller. 

Hah. SiEEEA Leone, 1 S type ; Calabae, type $ radiosa in Coll. 
Druce. Exjj., ^ 42, $ 64 millim. 

1729. Diacrisia rava. (Plate XLIV. fig. 5.) 

Spilarctia rava, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) i. p. 211 (1898). 

2 . Ochreous white ; lower part of frons blackish ; antennae 
black ; tegulae, patagia, and shoulders with black points, the tegulae 
edged with yellow ; fore coxae tinged with yellow, the legs black 
above ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of black spots. Fore wing with black point at base ; the 
markings of underside showing slightly above and consisting of a 
medial fuscous band angled at lower angle of cell ; a discoidal 
lunule ; a postmedial line excurved between veins 5 and 3, 
interrupted at middle, met by an oblique series of irregular spots 
from costa and with spots beyond it towards inner margin ; some 
points on termen towards apex. Hind wing with fuscous discoidal 
spot ; two spots towards tornus ; a subterminal point above vein 5, 
and some points on termen towards apex ; some orange hair on 
inner area. 

Hab, Gold Coast, Aburi (Sir G. Carter), 1 $ . Eccp. 60 millim.. 
Type t in Coll. Druce. 

1730. Diacrisia maculosa. 

Bomhyx maculosa, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 370, B (1781); Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 238. 
Eepantheria assimilis, Hiibn. Verz. p. 183 (1827). 
Al'penus aqtialis, Wlk. iii. 686 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 238. 
Ecpantheria indeterminata, Wlk. iii. 697 (1855). 
Halesidota macularia, Wlk. xsxi. 314 (1864). 
Spilosoma et/ralpenus, Plotz, Stett. ent. Zeit. xli. p. 83 (1880) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 238. 
Spilosoma investigatorum, Karsch, Werther, Deutsch-0.- Africa, p. 313 

(1898). 



DIACRI8TA, 



277 



Yellowish white ; palpi, lower part of frons, and antennae black ; 
vertex of head sometimes with black point ; tegulae with pair of 
black points, patagia with two pairs ; thorax with dorsal black stripe ; 
fore coxoe and femora above orange, tibiae and tarsi banded with 
black ; abdomen orange above except at base and extremity, a 
dorsal series of black bars and lateral and sublateral series of points. 
Pore wing with the retinaculum of male black ; points at base ; 
subbasal, antemedial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal irregular 
series of grey-centred black spots, the first two angled outwards 
below median nervure, the 3rd on median nervure, the 4th excurved 
from below costa to vein 'A round spots in angles of cell ; some spots 
from costa to vein 4 before the subterminal series ; a series of small 
black spots on termen and cilia. Hind wing usually with discoidal 
spot and sometimes two to four subterminal spots. 

Ab. 1. cequalis. Fore wing with the spots larger and more con- 
joined ; hind wing with the spots larger. 

Ab. 2. investigatoi^um. Fore wing with the spots not centred with 
grey : (a) the spots larger, (6) the spots small. 

Hah. Sierra Leone (Foxcroft, Mitforcl\ 1 c? , 6 $ , types cequalis, 
indeterminata, and macularia ; Old Calabar (Cochhurn), 1 $ ; 
AsHANTi (R. Brooking), 1 2 ; Nigeria, Onitsha; Cameroons, 
(RutJierford), 1 $; Congo (Curror), 1$; Br. E. Africa, Wadelai 
(Emin' Pasha), 1 $, Victoria Nyanza (Haiminc/ton), 1 $, 
Takaungu, Machakos (Crawshay), 4 c? ; Br. C. Africa, Fwambo 
( Carson), 1 c? ; Mashonaland, Salisbury (Marshall), 7 c? , 3 $ . 
FIxp., c5' 42-48, 2 48-54 millim. 

1731. Liacrisia melanostigma. 

Bpilosoma melanostigma, Ersch. Hor, Ent. Ross. Tiii. p. 316 (1872) ; id. 
Fedchenko's Reise, Lep. p. 33, pi. 2. f. 30 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 239. 

S . Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi, sides of frons, and 
antennae black; patagia and vertex of thorax striped with black ; 
femora orange above, their extremities and stripes on fore tibiae 
and tarsi and rings on mid and hind tarsi black ; abdomen pale 
orange above, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black points, 
the ventral surface white. Fore wing ochreous white; a black 
streak on base of costa to near middle ; a short antemedial streak 
below vein 1 ; a spot in middle of cell ; a short streak above middle 
of vein 1 and a point below it ; a point in upper angle of cell and 
two at lower angle ; two obliquely placed points from costa just 
beyond the cell ; five postmedial points below costa ; an oblique 
series of eight points from apex ; subterminal points on each side of 
veins 3 to 5, and a point on termen at vein 1. Hind wing yellowish 
white with a discoidal point, and subterminal points on each side of 
vein 1. 

Hah, C. Asia, Turan, Samarkand, 7000 ft. {Haherhauer), 1 ^, 
Exp. 46 millim. 



278 AECTIAD^.. 

1732. Diacrisia subfascia. 

Spilosoma subfascia, Wlk. iii. 678 (1855) ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. ii. p. 71, 
pi. 107. ff.3,3a; Hmpsu. Moths Ind. ii. p. 4; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 230, 

^. Whitish buff'; palpi, sides of frons, and antennae black; 
some orange on shoulders ; patagia with black spots ; fore legs, 
the extremities of mid and hind femora, and stripes on the tibiae 
iind tarsi above black; abdomen orange above with some pale hair 
at base, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore 
wing with black point at base ; antemedial, medial, and postmedial 
black spots on costa, the two latter with points below them in cell ; 
an oblique series of spots from apex to inner margin just beyond 
middle with a black point beyond it above vein 5, and sometimes 
one before it and black points before and usually beyond it on 
each side of vein 1 ; cilia sometimes with two points above middle. 
Hind wing with the inner area tinged with orange ; a black 
discoidal spot ; some subterminal spots towards apex and points on 
cilia, and three or four subterminal spots towards tornus. 

$ . Rather pale, especially the hind wing ; fore wing with the 
spots of the oblique series reduced to those nearest apex and inner 
margin ; hind wing with the spots towards apex absent. 

Bab. Ceylon (Templeton), 1 cS , 1 2 type, Pundaloya {Green), 
2 c?, 1 $. Exp., <S 42, $ 52-60 millim. 

Larva. Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. ix. p. 78, pi. 175. f. 5. 

Whitish, streaked with olive fuscous and ochreous especially on 
dorsal area; warts blue-black, with rather sparse tufts of long 
black and white hair; head black. 

*1733 Diacrisia guttata. 

Arctia guttata, Ersch. Fedcbenko's Eeise, Lep. p. 32, pi. 2. f. 28 (1874) ; 
Kirbj, Cat. Het. p. 234. 

c? . Yellowish white ; patagia and middle of thorax with black 
points ; abdomen dorsally orange, with series of black points. Fore 
wing with greyish-fuscous mark at base of inner margin ; subbasal 
and antemedial bands from costa to just below cell and spots on 
inner margin ; a somewhat V-shaped spot at lower angle of cell and 
spot above it on costa, and striga on inner area ; postmedial spot 
on costa, a point on vein 5, and two small spots near tornus ; cilia 
chequered yellowish and grey. Hind wing with dark discoidal point 
and two small spots on termen towards tornus. 

Hah. C. Asia, Sarafshan. Exp. 30 millim. This species is 
unknown to me. 

1734. Diacrisia lutea. 

Bombyx lubricipeda jS, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 505 (1758) ; Esp. Schmett. 
iii. p. 330, pi. 66. if. 1-5 ; Marsh. Trans. Linn. Soc. i. p. 71, pi. 1 
f. 2; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ii. ff. 155, 156; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 358, 
pi. 37. f. 3; Steph. 111. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. 77; Oberth. Et. Ent. 
XX. pis. xi.-xii. ; Stand. Cat. p. 59. 

Bombyx lubricipeda lutea, Hiifn. Berl. Mag. ii. p. 412 (1766) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 229. a r V y j 



DIACRISIA. 27r> 

Noctua mtima, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 381, F (1781) ; Mill. Ann. Soc. L. 

Lyon (2) xi. p. 20, pi. 49. ff. 5-7. 
Bomlnjx radiatus, Haw. Ent. Trans, i. p. 336 (1812) ; Steph. 111. Brit. 

Ent., Haust. ii. p. 77 ; Westw. & Humphr. Brit. Moths, i. pp. 88, 92, 

pi. 18. f. 19. 
Spilosoma ivalkeri, Curt. Brit. Ent. ii. p. 92 (1825). 
Spilosoma deschangei, Dep. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (6) vi. p. 283, pi. 4. f. 4 

(1886). 

S . Whitish buff to yellow buff ; palpi except at base, sides of 
frons, antennae, and streaks on legs black ; femora orange-yellow 
above ; abdomen orange, the base, extremity, and ventral surface 
buff, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing 
with black antemedial spot on costa and usually a point above vein 
1 ; a point in upper angle of cell, with another or short streak above 
it on costa ; black striae or points on each side of the veins from 
apex to vein 6 and from 2 to inner margin, rarely a nearly complete 
series curved round to costa at the postmedial point on the inter- 
rupted band of underside ; sometimes an oblique series of sub- 
terminal points on each side of veins 5, 3. Hind wing whitish or 
orange-yellow, with discoidal spot, and sometimes a subterminal spot 
above vein 5 and others between vein 3 and tornus. 

5 whiter buff. 

Ab. 1. wciTkeri. Fore wing with the interspaces filled with black, 
leaving streaks of bufT below costa and in and below cell and some 
spots beyond the cell. 

Ab. 2. zatima. Fore wing without the buff spots beyond the cell 
on the black interspaces ; hind wing with the interspaces black. 

Ab. 3. chscliayigei. Abdomen and wings dark brown, the base of 
abdomen buff, the base of hind wing rather paler. 

Hah. Cente. and S. Europe, Zeller & Frey Colls. ; E. Europe ; 
Altai ; Amur. Exp,, J 42, $ 42-50 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 41 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. ii. p. 284, pi. 76. f. 1 k. 

Grey or brown ; hairs brown ; dorsal line sometimes pale» or 
whitish ; spiracular line whitish, spiracles white ; head greyish 
yellow. Food-plants : Rumex, Plantago, Mentha, etc. 7-9. 



1735. Diacrisia punctata. 

Spilosoma punctata, Moore, Lep. E. I. 0. p. 355 (1859) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 230. 
Spilarctia uniformis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 39 (1879) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 230. 
Spilarctia ummera, Swinh. P.Z. S. 1889, p. 405, pi. 43. f. 1 ; Hmpsn. 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 230. 

S . Whitish buff ; palpi and frons at sides, antennae, and streaks 
on legs blackish; fore coxae and femora above orange; abdomen 
orange above, the base and extremity buff, dorsal, lateral, and sub- 
lateral series of black spots. Fore wing with black point at base ; 
an antemedial spot on costa and points on each side of vein 1 ; a 
point at upper angle of cell and one above it on costa; a post- 
medial oblique series of points on each side of veins 3 to 1, on 



280 



ARCTIAD^. 



underside continued as a curved series to costa ; an oblique series of 
points on each side of veins from apex to vein 6, and another sub- 
terminal series on each side of veins 5 to 3. Hind wing with the 
inner area yellow ; a black discoidal spot and a subterminal spot 
below vein 2. 

2 . Fore wing with the antemedial points, the point on costa 
above end of cell, and often the postmedial, subterminal, and apical 
series of points absent ; hind wing often with subterminal spot 
above vein 5 and four towards tornus. 

Ab. 1. ummera. Hind wing orange-yellow. 

JIah, SiKHiM ; Assam, Nagas ; Bukma, Bassein (Noble), 1 $ type 
wntnera, Thyetmyo (Watson), 1 $ ; Java (Ho7^sfielcl), 1 d* , 3 5 , 
type. E.vp., S 34, $ 40-44 millim. 

1736. Diacrisia fuscitincta, n. sp. (Plate XLV. fig. 1.) 

cT . Head and thorax whitish buff ; palpi black-brown above, 
orange below ; frons blackish at sides ; antennae black ; fore coxae 
orange with black spot, femora orange above, the tibiae and tarsi 
black above ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal, lateral, and sub- 
lateral series of black points, the ventral surface pale buff. Fore 
wing buff, the interspaces suffused with fuscous except on basal, 
€ostal, and apical half of terminal area ; antemedial black spots on 
costa and each side of vein 1 ; a spot in upper angle of cell ; a post- 
medial series of spots excurved from costa to vein 3, then oblique, 
the spots from below costa to vein 3 obsolete ; a subterminal series 
of slight streaks, often obsolete, on each side of the veins, bent out- 
wards at vein 5, where it is connected with the apex by two points. 
Hind wing buff, slightly tinged with brown ; the inner area suffused 
with orange ; a discoidal black spot ; a subterminal series of spots 
on each side of veins 5, 2, and 1. 

5 . Fore wing wholly suffused with brown except the veins ; 
the ante- and postmedial series of spots more complete, the sub- 
terminal series obsolete ; hind wing orange : abdomen orange 
below. 

Hah. Java (KirTcpatrick), Id, 1 $ , Arjuno, 3000 feet (DoJierty), 
1 S type. Ex])., 6 34, $ 38 millim. 

1737. Diacrisia mona. 

Spilosoma mona, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 295, pi. 20. ff. 3, 4; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 

Whitish buff; palpi black at tips, orange at base ; frons black at 
sides ; antennae black, white at tips ; tibiae and tarsi fuscous above, 
fore coxae and femora above orange ; abdomen orange above, with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing with 
black point at base ; a curved antemedial series of black points ; a 
point in upper angle of cell ; a postmedial series of points on each 
side of the veins strongly excurved from below costa to vein 3, then 
oblique ; a subterminal series of short streaks on each side of veins 



DIACRISIA. 281 

7 to 3. Hind wing with black discoidal spot, or the whole cell 
black ; a more or less developed postmedial series of spots excurved 
beyond cell, then incurved; a siibterrainal series of large spots, 
those at costa and middle smaller. Underside of fore wing with 
diffused black in cell. 

Hah, Bombay, 1 $ , Mahableshwar (SwinJioe), 2 $ type. Ea:^:). 52 
millim. 

1738. Diacrisia testacea. (Plate XLY. fig. 2.) 

Spilosoma testacea, Wlk. iii. 670 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 241. 
Spilosoma suhflavescens, Wlk. xxxi. 293 (1864). 

S . Ochreous ; palpi and antennae black ; patagia with black 
points ; fore coxae with black patches, fore femora black above, fore 
and mid tibias and tarsi black, the hind femora at extremity and 
tarsi black ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal series of black 
bands and lateral series of spots. Fore wing with black point at 
base ; a subbasal point in cell ; an oblique antemedial series of 
three points below subcostal and median nervures and above vein 1 ; 
an oblique medial series of points at upper angle of cell, near origin 
of vein 2 and above vein 1 : a group of points at lower angle of 
cell ; a postmedial series of points on each side of the veins strongly 
excurved from costa to vein 4, then incurved, and with three 
usuallj' larger points from costa beyond them ; a sinuous sub- 
terminal series of points on each side of the veins. Hind wing 
paler, with more or less prominent discoidal spot, usually a sub- 
terminal point above vein 5, and sometimes some points on middle 
of lermen. 

Hah. Ztjluland, 1 J ; Natal (Oueinzius, Gooch), 5 (^ , type and 
type suhflavescens, Karkloof (Marshall), 4 d . Exp. 38 millim. 

1739. Diacrisia scioana. 

Cycnia scioana, Oberth. Ann. Mus. Genov. xv. p. 176, pi. 1. f. 8 (1880); 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 908. 
Spilarctia abbottii, Holl. Entom. xxv. Suppl. p. 92 (1892); id. Pr. U.S. 

Mus. xviii. p. 248. 

S . Brownish ochreous ; palpi black ; antennae with the shaft 
blackish above, the branches long and black ; patagia with black 
points ; fore coxae, tibiae, and tarsi black ; abdomen dorsally orange, 
with dorsal bands and lateral and sublateral series of points. Fore 
wing with subbasal black point below the costa ; an oblique ante- 
medial series of three points in and below cell and above vein 1 ; a 
medial point or short streak above median nervure, points above 
and below origin of vein 2 and a point above vein 1 ; three points 
each at upper and lower angles of cell ; two postmedial series of points 
on each side of the veins excurved from costa to vein 3, then in- 
curved, and the latter met by an oblique series of points on each 
side of the veins from apex ; a prominent terminal series of points. 
Hind wing paler, with black point at upper angle of cell, and some- 
times a slight mark on termen below apex. 



282 AECTIAD^. 

2 • Deeper ochreous throughout. 

Ilab. Abyssinia, Shoa; Be. E. Afeica, Kikuyu, Fort Smith 
(CrawsJiay), 1 J , KilimaDJaro (Abbott), type t in IJ.S. Nat. Mus. ; 
Delagoa Bat, 1 $ in Mus. Oxon. Ecv^. 36 millim. 

1740. Diacrisia obliquivitta. 

Spilarctia ohliquivitta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 40, pi. 2. f. 26(1879); Hmpsn. 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 13 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 230. 
Spilarctia jucunda, Butl. 111. Het. B. M. v. p. 32, pi. 85. f. 11 (1881) ; 

Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 

6 . Head and thorax whitish buif ; palpi, sides of frons, and 
antennae black, the last with some white on shaft above; legs 
striped with black ; abdomen orange above except at base and 
extremity, clothed with long hair, and with dorsal and lateral 
series of black points, the ventral surface white. Fore wing buff, 
thinly scaled ; an oblique slightly curved postmedial black line from 
vein 5 to inner margin, sometimes connected with the costa by a 
curved series of points, and with an oblique series of short black 
streaks on each side of the veins between it and apex. Hind wing 
pure white. 

Hab. SiKHiM {Lidderdcde), type S jucunda, (Dudgeon) 4 d. 
Exp. 36-42 miUim. 

1741. Diacrisia sparsipuncta, n. sp. (Plate XLV. fig. 19.) 

cJ . Pale yellow ; head and tegulsB orange-yellow ; palpi black, 
fringed with yellow below ; antennae black ; tibiae and tarsi black 
above, the femora orange above ; abdomen orange above, with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Pore wing with 
small pale brown antemedial spot below cell ; some spots in and below 
end of cell ; a curved subterminal series with some spots beyond it at 
middle and before it towards inner margin. Hind wing with the 
inner area clothed with orange hair. 

$ . Deeper ochreous throughout. 

Hab. Madagascae, Betsileo (Covjcoi), 1 c^ , 1 $ type. Exp. 42 
millim. 

1742. Diacrisia flavens. (Plate XLV. fig. 25.) 

Alpenus flavens, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 39 (1879) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 13 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 239. 

5 . Ochreous ; palpi at sides and antennae blackish ; legs streaked 
with black ; abdomen orange, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of black spots. Pore wing with basal fuscous spot and curved 
subbasal series, sometimes obsolete ; a curved medial series ; two 
discoidal spots, and sometimes black suffusion in end of cell excurved 
from costa to vein 3, then incurved with one or two spots beyond it 
at middle, or complete subterminal series. Hind wing with dis- 
coidal point or spot ; a postmedial maculate band sometimes 



DIACRISIA. 283 

present from costa to vein 2, angled at middle ; some subterminal 
spots towards tornus and sometimes towards apex, sometimes 
developed into large conjoined spots. 

Hah. SiKHiM (Lidderdale), 1 $ ; Assam, Khasis, 1 2 type j 
Canara, 1 2 ' Exio. 40 millim. 

1743. Diacrisia flavalis. (Plate XLA^ fig. 3.) 

S'pilosoma flavalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 809 ; Hmpsn. Moths Incl. ii. 

p. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 
Spilosoma lativitta, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 809 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 232. 

S. Orange-yellow; palpi above, sides of frons, and antennae 
blackish ; vertex of head often whitish ; legs striped with black ; 
abdomen at base, extremity, and on ventral surface whitish, with 
dorsal, lateral, and some sublateral series of black points. Fore 
wing uniform, or in the form lativitta with three antemedial fuscous 
points, a point in upper angle of cell, and more or less complete 
greyish maculate band from apex to middle of inner margin, and 
some subterminal points between veins 3 and 5. Hind wing white, 
the area towards tornus often tinged with yellow ; a fuscous dis- 
coidal spot, and often a subterminal spot above vein 5, and one to 
four towards tornus. 

Hah. SiKHiM {Russell^ Lidderdale, Pilcher), 9 c? , type and type 
lativitta. Exp. 42 millim. 

1744. Diacrisia jankowski. 

Spilosoma jankowskii, Obertb. Et. Enfc. v. p. 31, pi. 8. f. 3 (1881) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 231. 

(S . Pale orange-yellow; palpi above, sides of frons, and antennas 
black ; fore coxae and femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson 
above, whitish at base, extremity, and on ventral surface, with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of small black spots. Fore 
wing pale orange-yellow, with fuscous spot in upper angle of cell 
and oblique postmedial fuscous maculate band from vein 5 to 1. 
Hind wing white, slightly tinged with yellow; a slight fuscous 
discoidal spot. 

5 . Pore wing with three obliquely placed short fuscous sub- 
apical striae. 

Hab. Amtjeland, 1 c? , 1 $ • Exp.^ S 40, $ 48 millim. 

Subsp. 1. soror, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1899, p. 152. 
S . Fore wing without the fuscous spot in upper angle of cell. 
Hind wing sometimes with two subterminal spots towards tornus ; 
no discoidal spot. 

2 . Fore wing with the postmedial band curved round to costa 
and with an additional spot on inner margin. 

Hah. W. China, Chia-kou-ho, 2 S ? Chia-ting-fu, Ta-chien-lu, 
1 S type, Che-tou, 1 9 Washan, 1 S , Pu-tsu-fong, 3 S- 



284 AKCTIADiE. 

1745. Diacrisia ruMtincta. (Plate XLY. fig. 20.) 

Spilosoma rubitincta, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 809 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. 

ii. p. 11 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 
Icambosida picnctilinea, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 40 (1879) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 232. 

(S . Head yellow, whitish on vertex ; palpi black at sides, 
crimson below ; antennas black ; throat and fore coxse crimson, legs 
streaked with black ; abdomen crimson above, clothed with long hair, 
yellow and white at base and extremity, white below, and with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black points. Pore wing 
orange tinged with crimson ; an oblique yellowish postmedial line 
from vein 5 to inner margin, and with more or less complete series 
of fuscous spots on it. Hind wing white, with discoidal fuscous 
spot ; subterminal spots on each side of vein 5, and three towards 
tornus sometimes present. 

Ab. 1. punctilinea. Much paler. 

Hah. SiKHiM {Russell, Liclderdale, Dudgeon), 5 (S type. Ea!^. 46 
millim. 

♦1746. Diacrisia erythrophleps. (Plate XLY. fig. 13.) 

Spilosoma erythrophleps, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 8 (1894). 

c^* . Head and thorax orange-red ; palpi, frons, and antennae 
dark brown ; tegulae and patagia with black points ; sides of pectus, 
tibiae, and tarsi fuscous; abdomen orange-red, with dorsal black 
bands and patch on terminal segment ; the ventral surface yellowish 
white, with lateral, sublateral, and ventral series of black spots and 
streak on terminal segment. Fore wing orange-red, with the veins 
scarlet ; a fuscous fascia from base through the cell to termen ; 
curved antemedial and medial series of spots, and three spots be- 
tween them from costa to middle of cell; a postmedial series of 
which the spots at upper angle and below lower end are large ; a 
subterminal series of elongate spots ; a terminal series of which the 
spots above veins 2 and 5 are very long and those above 4 and 6 rather 
long. Hind wing yellowish white ; medial and postmedial series of 
fuscous spots, those in and beyond cell conjoined into an irregular 
patch ; a subterminal series of spots above and below vein 5 and 
four between vein 3 and tornus ; some spots on termen between 
vein 3 and apex, some of which are lunulate. 

Hah. Assam, Naga Hills, 6000 feet (Doherty), type c? in Coll. 
Elwes. E.VJ). 32 millim. 

1747. Diacrisia bifasciata. (Plate XLV. fig. 12.) 

Spilarctia bifasciata, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 7 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 231. 

c? . Buff ; palpi crimson at base, black at tips ; lower part of 
frons and antennae black ; fore coxae and femora above crimson, the 
former with black spot ; extremity of femora, tibiae, and tarsi black ; 
abdomen crimson above except at base and extremity, with dorsal, 



DIACRISIA. 285 

lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing with ante- 
medial maculate black band, the spot on costa produced as a streak 
towards base ; a postmedial maculate band oblique from costa to 
just beyond lower angle of cell, where it is strongly angled, then 
inwardly oblique, the two bands connected by a fascia on inner 
margin. 

2 . Fore wing with the black bands more developed ; hind wing 
with slight discoidal spot. 

Hab, Japan, Tokio (Fenton), 1 S type, Yokohama {Manley^ 
Fryer), 1 c? , 4 $ . Exp., 6 54, $ 68 millim. 

1748. Diacrisia comma. 

Aha comma, Wlk. vii. 1703 (1856) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 10 ; Kirby^ 

Oat. Het. p. 242. 
Spilosoma abdominalis, Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 356 (1859) ; Butl. 111. Het. 

B. M. V. p. 31, pi. 85. f. 9 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231. 

Head and thorax whitish to ochreous flesh-colour ; palpi with the 
basal joint crimson, the last two joints black ; frons at sides and 
antennae black ; legs striped with black, the fore coxae and femora 
above crimson ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal, lateral, and 
sublateral series of black points. Fore wing with small antemedial 
triangular black spot on costa, sometimes connected with base by a 
costal fascia ; a postmedial spot on costa usually present ; a black 
fascia on medial part of inner margin, with a spot above its basal 
extremity representing part of the antemedial line, and from its 
outer extremity part of the postmedial line sometimes developed as 
a series of spots bent outwards to vein 3. Hind wing ochreous 
whitish, with more or less developed discoidal spot, the inner area 
sometimes tinged with crimson. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas, Simla {Harford), 1 c? , 1 $ , Kulu 
{Hocking), 1 c^* , {BucJclei/) 2 2 type ahdominalis. Exp., S 50, $ 
60 millim. Type in Mus. Oxon. 

1749. Diacrisia seriatopunctata. 

Spilosoma seriatopunctata, Motsch. Et. Ent. ix. p. 31 (1860); Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 230. 
Spilosoma striatopicnctata, Oberth. Diagn. Lep. Askold, p. 6 (1879) ; id, 

Et. Ent. V. p. 32, pi. 1 . f. 8. 
Spilarctia rosacea, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv. p. 352 (1879); Kirby, Cat, 

Het. p. 231. 
Spilarctia hasilimhata, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het, 

p. 230. 

S . Buff; palpi crimson, black at tips ; frons and antennae black ; 
fore coxae crimson with black patch ; femora crimson above, tibiae 
and tarsi striped with black ; abdomen crimson above except at 
base and extremity, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black 
spots. Fore wing with the interspaces tinged with brown ; a black 
fascia on base of costa expanding into an antemedial spot; ante- 
medial black points above and below vein 1, sometimes absent ; a 



286 ARCTIAD^. 

black point in upper angle of cell and sometimes another beyond it 
below costa ; an oblique series of spots or short streaks on each side 
of the veins from apex to inner margin beyond middle, some of 
the spots at middle often absent ; subterminal black points on each 
side of veins 3-5, sometimes absent, and sometimes two spots towards 
tornns. Hind wing with the inner area slightly tinged with 
crimson ; a discoidal black spot, one to three subterminal spots 
towards tornns and often one above vein 5. Underside of fore wing 
with the disk suffused with crimson ; black suffusion in submedian 
interspace ; a black discoidal lunule, and postmedial spot below 
costa. 

2 . Fore wing with the black streak on costa sometimes reduced 
to the antemedial spot ; the oblique series of spots reduced to those 
towards apex and inner margin ; underside without crimson and 
often without black suffusion. 

Ab. 1. hasilimhata. Fore wing with the interspaces more 
strongly tinged with brown ; black spots before the oblique series 
on each side of veins 1 and 2. 

Ab. 2. rosacea. Fore wing slightly tinged with crimson ; hind 
wing strongly tinged with crimson, leaving the margins only 
ochreous; underside of fore wing crimson to near termen. 

Hah. Siberia, Askold ; Japan, Yezo (Andreius), 1 (^ , Hakodate 
(Leiuis), 4 cJ , 2 $ , Oiwake (Pryer), 2 (5 , 1 $ , Miyanoshita, 1 (S , Tokio 
{Jonas., Fenton, Pryer), 6 d* , 2 $ , types rosacea and hasilimhata, 
Yokohama (Manley), 2 (^ ; Coeea, Gensan {Leech), 1 c5 , 1 $ . 
Kvp. 42-54 millim. 

*1750. Diacrisia sparsalis. 

Areas sparsalis, Wlk. xxxi. 287 (1864) ; Swinh, Cat. Het. Mus. Oxen, 
p. 176, pi. iv. f. 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 253. 

2 . Head and thorax yellowish white ; sides of frons, and antennae 
blackish ; lower part of frons and edges of tegulae tinged with 
scarlet ; black spots on tegulae and patagia and a brown streak on 
thorax ; pectus and legs scarlet, the latter banded with black ; 
abdomen scarlet, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black 
spots. Fore wing ochreous white ; four somewhat triangular black 
patches on costa; two obliquely placed brown antemedial spots 
below the cell ; a spot on upper discocellular and a point above 
vein 6 ; a postmedial series of brown spots in the interspaces, 
somewhat angled at vein 4, then very oblique, expanding into a 
large patch on middle of inner margin with a spot above it on inner 
side of the series ; a series of obscure irregular spots beyond the 
postmedial series, bent outwards to apex, with blackish spots above 
veins 4 and 5 and an irregular patch on inner margin, and joined 
at vein 3 by an obscure oblique series of marks from termen at 
vein 6 : a series of brown spots on cilia. Hind wing scarlet ; a 
discoidal black spot ; four small subterminal spots towards apex 
and three towards tornns. Underside of fore wing scarlet. 

Hah. Celebes, Tondano (Wallace), 1 $ type t in Mus. Oxon. 
JEx^. 70 millim. 



DIACRI8IA. 2^7 

1751. Diacrisia canescens. (Plate XLV. fig. 4.) 

Spilosoma ohliqua, Wlk. iii. 079 (1855), $ (nee c?). 

Ardices canescens, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 29 (1875); Kirby, Cat. Het, 
p. 239. 

Yellowish white; palpi scarlet, the 3rd joint black; sides of 
frons and antennae black ; neck scarlet at sides ; shoulders with 
black-brown stripe with scarlet upper edge ; legs striped with 
blackish, fore coxae blackish edged with scarlet, the femora scarlet 
above ; abdomen scarlet above, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of black spots. Fore wing with black-brown spot on base of 
costa ; an antemedial maculate line very oblique from costa to 
median nervure, where it is acutely angled, then represented by 
spots on each side of vein 2 and above vein 1 ; a point in upper angle 
of cell ; a maculate postmedial line, excurved from below costa to 
vein 3, where it is joined by an oblique series of irregular spots 
from apex, then oblique ; a subterminal series of points on each 
side of veins 5 to 3 ; some points on medial part of termen and at 
tornus ; some points sometimes present on inner area beyond the 
postmedial line. Hind wing white ; a discoidal spot ; subterminal 
spots on each side of veins 5, 2, and 1, sometimes much reduced. 

Hob. N". S. Wales, Sydney {Brencliley^ Matheiu), 6 cj*, 4 $ , type 
and type ohliqua $ . Exp., S 44, $ 54 millim. 

1752. Diacrisia stigmata. 

Spilosoma stigTuata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 809 ; Hmpsn. Moths lud. ii. 

p. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 230. 
Spilarctia lacteata, Butl. 111. Het. B. M. v. p. 31, pi. 85. f. 10 (1881) ; 

Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 10 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 




Fig. 141. — Diacrisia stigmata, J . \. (From Moths Ind. vol ii.) 

S . Pale buff; palpi, lower part of frons, antennae, a streak on 
vertex of thorax, pectus in front, patches on fore coxae, and stripes 
on legs black ; fore coxae at sides and femora above crimson ; 
abdomen crimson above, clothed with long whitish hair, dorsal, 
lateral, and sublateral series of black points. Fore wing with short 
subbasal black streak in cell and points below costa and cell and 
above vein 1, often almost aborted ; a medial series of spots angled 
on median nervure, then strongly incurved and with short streak 
above inner margin ; an oblique series of short streaks on each side 
of the veins from apex to vein 5 and usually others on each side of 
vein 1 ; a subterminal series of short streaks on each side of veins 3, 



288 AECTIAD^. 

4, 5. Hind wing white, with subterminal black spots above vein 5 
and three towards tornns. Underside of fore wing with more or 
less complete postmedial series of spots. 

2 . Fore wing with the black markings more or less reduced. 

Ab. 1. Femora and abdomen above orange. 

Hab. W. China, Omei-shan, 1 (^ , Niton, 1 5 ; N.W. Himalayas, 
Murree ( Harford), 1 <S , Dharmsala (HocJcing) ; Tibet, Yatung 
(Hobson), 3 c? ; Sikhim {Lidderdale, Eliues, Bingham), 4 (S , 2 $ , 
type and type lacteata. Exp., S 46, $ 58 millim. 

Larva. Butl. 111. Het. B. M. vii. pi. 138. f. 2. 

Black ; head and dorsal tufts of hair on terminal somite fulvous ; 
warts with tufts of dirty white and black hair. 

1753. Diacrisia leopardina. 

Euprepia leopardina, Koll. Hugel's Kascbmir, iv. (2) p. 467, pi. 21. f. 2 
(1844) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 22 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 240. 

Arctia divisa, Wlk. iii. 614 (1855) ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. ?. p. 33, pi. 86. 
f. 2. 

Ardices Uturata, Wlk. Char. Lap. Het. p. 12 (1869) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. 
p. 239. 

Yellowish white ; palpi, sides of frons, and antennae black ; tegulae 
usually with black spots ; patagia and vertex of thorax striped with 
black ; legs striped with black, fore coxae on outer side and femora 
above crimson ; abdomen orange above, more or less strongly tinged 
with crimson, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. 
Pore wing with black streaks at base on costa, in cell, and on 
vein 1 ; an antemedial fascia on inner margin with elongate spot 
above its extremity above vein 1 ; a gradually dilated fascia on 
each side of median nervure conjoined to spots from costa before 
middle and at end of cell ; a postmedial maculate band curved from 
costa to vein 3, where it is joined by an oblique series of short 
streaks from apex ; a subterminal series of spots on each side of 
veins 5 to 1 ; a terminal series of short striae. Hind wing with 
the interspaces more or less completely filled by black, sometimes 
reduced to a streak on inner area, a discoidal spot, a subterminal 
maculate band, and some points near termen. 

Ab. 1. Underside of fore wing to postmedial band and inner area 
of hind wing suffused with scarlet showing through to upperside. 

Hab. N.W. Himalayas, type $ Uturata, Kashmir (Leech), 1 c? , 
4 2 5 Simla (Pitcher), 2 2 •> Almorah (Boys), 2 o , 4 $ type divisa, 
Manpuri, 1 J . Exp., (S 44, $ 56 millim. 

1754. Diacrisia inaequalis. (Plate XLV. fig. 9.) 

Spilarctia inaqualis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) iv. p. 351 (1879) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 232. 

(5 . Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi black, fringed with 
crimson below ; sides of frons and antennae black ; sides of neck 
with crimson patches ; legs black above ; abdomen crimson above, 
the hair at base and extremity and on ventral surface yellowish 



DIACRISIA. 289 

white, dorsal, lateral, and siiblateral series of black spots ; wings 
ochreous with a pinkish tinge. Fore wing with fuscous spots in 
middle and upper angle of cell ; an obli(]ue scries of spots from 
apex to middle of inner margin, becoming short stria) on each side 
of the veins towards apex and with spots before it on each side of 
vein 1 ; some subterminal striae between veins 3 and 5 and a point 
further from termen below vein 2. Hind wing with black discoidal 
spot ; a subterminal spot above vein 5 and three towards tornus. 

2 . White ; palpi fringed with white below ; abdomen with the 
medial segments slightly tinged.with crimson on dorsum ; fore wing 
with the oblique series of spots reduced to the short streaks towards 
apex. 

Hah. Japan, Yokohama (Jonas, Manley, Fryer) ^ 6 c? , 6 $ , type. 
Ex;p., S 36, $ 48 millim. 

1755. Diacrisia dentilinea. (Plate XLY. fig. 21.) 

Spilosoma dentilinea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 573 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii, 
p. 4 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 232. 

^, Whitish buff; palpi crimson at base, black at tips; lower 
part of frons black ; antennae whitish ; thorax with black streak on 
vertex ; legs striped with black, the fore coxae and femora above 
crimson ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of small black spots. Fore wing with basal black point ; an 
antemedial series of three black points towards costa, one below 
median nervure where the series is strongly angled and two towards 
inner margin ; a point in upper angle of cell with one beyond it 
below costa and one or two just beyond lower angle ; an oblique 
postmedial series of points on each side of veins 4 to 1, larger 
towards inner margin ; a subterminal line from costa to vein 2 
dentate to termen between veins 4 and 7. Hind wing tinged with 
pink ; a discoidal and a subterminal series of black points between 
veins 2 and 6. Underside of fore wing suffused with crimson to 
end of cell and near tornus. 

Hah. SiKHiM, Moore Coll., 1 <S type. Eocp. 42 millim. 

1756. Diacrisia obliqua. 

Spilosoma obliqua, Wlk. iii. 679 (1855) c?,nec $; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 230. 
Spilosoma todara, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 574 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 

p. 7 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231. 
Spilarctia nydia, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 41 (1875) ; id. 111. Het. B. M. v. 

p. 32, pi. 85. f. 12 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 9 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. 

p. 230. 
Spilarctia ione, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 41 (1875) ; id. 111. Het. B. M. iii, 

p. 6, pi. 42. f. 6 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 231. 
Spilarctia conjusa, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 42 (1875) ; id. 111. Het. B. M. v. 

p. 33, pi. 85. f. 13 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231. 
Spilarctia mollicula, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 395 (1877) ; id. 111. Het. 

B. M. iii. p. 6, pi. 42. f. 7 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 231. 
Spilosoma mandarina, Moore, A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 88 (1877) ; Kirby,. 

Oat. Het. p. 231. 
VOL. III. ^ 



290 ARCTIADJi:. 

Spilosoma kowqua, Moore, A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 88 (1877) ; Butl. lU. Het. 

B. M. vii. p. 28, pi. 122. f. 3 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231. 
Spilarctia howra, Moore, Lap. Atk. p. 40 (1879) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 232. 
Spilarctia dalhergia, Moore, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 394 ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. 

vii. p. 28, pi. 122. f. 2 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 231. 
Spilarctia hifascia, Hmpsn. HI. Het. B. "M. viii. p. 55, pi. 140. f. 21 (1891) ; 

id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 9 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 
Spiloaoma bisecta, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soe. 1899, p. 148 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 230. 

(5 . Pale buflf ; palpi black above and at extremity, crimson at 
base ; sides of frons usually and antennae black ; thorax sometimes 
with black stripe on vertex ; legs mostly black, the fore coxae and 
femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson above except at base and 
extremity, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. 
Fore wing often with antemedial black point above vein 1 and 
point at upper angle of cell ; an oblique postmedial series of slight 
striae on each side of veins 4 to 1 and others towards apex on each 
side of veins 6, 7 ; subterminal points on each side of veins 3, 4, 5. 
Hind wing paler ; a black discoidal spot ; a subterminal series 
formed by spots on each side of veins 7, 5, 2, and 1, those towards 
apex often obsolete. Underside of fore wing with the postmedial 
maculate band curved round to costa, the basal half sometimes 
tinged slightly with crimson. 

$ . Both wings with the spots usually more or less obsolete, one 
specimen from Bhutan being unmarked except for the discal spot 
of hind wing. 

Ab. 1. Strongly tinged with yellow-brown. — Hai-ning. 
Ab. 2. dalbergice. Abdomen of female orange-yellow. — Kangra. 
Ab. 3. Hind wing with the inner area tinged with crimson ; 
underside of fore wing suffused with crimson except towards apex. — 
Hongkong, Foochow. 

Ab. 4. Gonfusa. Hind wing above wholly, and sometimes the 
fore wing above tinged with crimson. — Bombay, Travancore, 
Burma. 

Ab. 5. hifascia. Fore wing with the series of spots more complete; 
underside with black fascia in and below cell and two postmedial 
bands. — Nilgiris. 

Ab. 6. todara. Head, thorax, and fore wing of male strongly 
tinged with red-brown, the hind wing with crimson. Female : 
abdomen orange above ; wings whitish ochreous with the black 
markings reduced. — Nilgiris. 

Hah. Japan, Hakodate, types $ ione and mollicula, Nagasaki 
(LeecJi), 1 c? type hisecta, Yokohama {Manley, Pryer)., 4 $ , Tokio 
(Fenton), 2 $; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 3 $; China, Shanghai 
(Pryer), 3 cJ , 1 5 , types hoivqua and mandarina, Omei-shan, 2 $ , 
Chia-kou-ho (Pratt), 1 $ , Moupin {Kr%clieldorff\ 1 $ , Hai-ning, 
1 5 , Hongkong (J. J. Walker), 1 (S , Foochow (Leech) 1 d , (de la 
Touche) 1 2 5 Swatow, 1 $ ; N. India, 3 cJ , 1 $ , type and type 
confusa ; Kangra (Hoching), 1 c? , 3 $ , type dalbergice ; Nepal, 



DIACRISIA. 291 

2 2 typenydia; Sixuim (Ltdderdale), 1 c??4 $; Bhutan (Z)t*(:^^60n), 
1 2 ; Calcutta, 1 c? type hoiura ; Bombay (Swinhoe), 1 S , 4 2 ; 
NiLGiEis (Lindsay), type c? hifascia, {Hampson), b S •, ^ 2 •> type 
todara-^ Travancore, Trevandrum (Fergusson), 1$; Burma, Ran- 
goon (Scott\ 1 c? , 1 2 , Thyetmyo (E. Y. Watson), 1 $ . Exp., 
S 42-58, 2 50-66 millim. The type is from India, not Australia. 
Larva. Black, hairy. 

1757. Diacrisia casigneta. (Plate XLY. fig. 5.) 

Euprepia casigneta, Koll. Hiigel's Kaschmir, iv. (2) p. 469 (1844) ; Hmpsn. 

Moths Ind. ii. p. 9 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231. 
8'pilosoma mnquinalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 810. 
Spilarctia sagittifera, Moore, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 394. 

Brownish buff ; palpi, lower part of frons, antennsD, front of 
pectus, stripes on legs, and sometimes a short stripe on vertex of 
thorax black ; coxae and femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson 
above except at base and extremity, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of black points. Fore wing with antemedial black point 
below median nervare and another above vein 1 on traces of a 
brownish line ; traces of a brownish postmedial line excurved from 
costa to vein 3, then incurved, with pairs of black points on it on 
each side of the veins and sometimes larger spots near inner margin ; 
obliquely placed black points on each side of veins 6, 7 towards 
apex and subterminal points on each side of veins 3, 4, 5. Hind 
wing paler, the inner area often tinged with crimson ; a discoidal 
black spot, two spots towards tornus, and often one subterminal 
above vein 5. Underside of fore wing with the disk often suffused 
with crimson ; a black discoidal lunule and a more or less interrupted 
black postmedial band angled outwards above vein 5. 

Ab. 1. Head and thorax above black. 

Ab. 2. Abdomen orange-yellow above. 

Hob, W. China, Washan {Pratt), 1 c? , Pu-tsu-fong, 1 S ', N.W. 
Himalayas, Dalhousie {Harford), 7 c? , 3 $ , Dharmsala {Hocking), 
1 c? , 2 5 , Deyra Dhun, 1 S ; Tibet, Yatung (Hobson), 1 cT ; Sikhim 
(Lidderdale), 7 6, 6 $ , type sanguinalis. Exp.^ 6 46, 2 52-62 
millim. 

1758. Diacrisia flaveola. (Plate XLV. fig. 6.) 

Spilosoma flaveolum, Leech, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1899, p. 154. 

2 . Orange tinged with vermilion ; palpi at tip and antennae 
black; legs striped with black above; abdomen scarlet above excejjt 
at base and extremity, dorsal and lateral series of black spots. Pore 
wing with black spot in upper angle of cell ; an oblique maculate 
fuscous line from origin of vein 3, becoming obsolescent towards 
inner margin. Hind wing with fuscous spot in upper angle of 
ceU. 

Hah. W. China. Chia-ting-fu, 1 2 tvpe. Exp. 44 millim. 

ir2 



292 ARCIIAD^. 

1759. Diacrisia multiguttata. 

Hypercompa multiguttata, Wlk. iii. 657 (1855) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 

p. 3 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 239. 
Deiopeia spilosomoides, Wlk. xxxi, 263 (1864) ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. v. 

p. 30, pi. 85. f. 7; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 239. 
Deiopeia pardalma, Wlk. xxxi. 263 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 350. 

c? . Head and thorax white ; palpi black, fringed with yellowish 
white below ; sides of frons and antennse black ; tegulse, shoulders, 
and patagia with black spots ; fore coxae with black spots, legs 
striped with black ; abdomen orange-yellow, with dorsal, lateral, 
and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing white ; a basal and 
two subbasal black spots ; an antemedial series of jQve spots, the 
one below the cell displaced outwards ; a medial series strongly 
angled outwards in lower end of cell ; spots on each side of disco- 
cellulars ; two postmedial series, the 1st bent inwards to costa and 
excurved beyond lower angle of cell, the 2nd excurved at middle 
and incurved below costa and vein 3 ; a subterminal series of short 
streaks on each side of the veins incurved below costa and bent 
outwards to tornus ; a terminal series of spots. Hind wing yellow, 
with discoidal black spot, sometimes some spots of the postmedial 
series present between vein 2 and submedian fold ; a subterminal 
series of spots interrupted at middle ; some terminal spots towards 
apex. 

2 . Hind wing with the spots large, the series more complete, a 
medial series present. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas, Simla (Harford), 2 cT , 2 $ , Kashmir 
Jawi, 1 (S , {Strachey) 2 (S type spilosomoides, Kulu (G. Young), 
2 (S , 2 2'-> Nepal (HardwicJce), 2 S type ; Sikhim (Lidderdale), 
2 2 ; Burma, Myingyan ( Watson), 1 ^ ; Cambodia, type loardalina 
in Mus. Oxon. Exp., 6 32-40, $ 42-60 miUim. 

Larva. Butl. III. Het. vii. p. 120, pi. 138. f. 9. 

Pale green blotched and streaked with white, with sparse black 
and white hairs ; a dorsal series of tufts of red-brown hair on 
a stripe formed by black specks. 

1760. Diacrisia diplosticha. (Plate XLY. fig. 22.) 

Spilosoma diplosticha, Hmpsn. Ann, S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 57 (1900). 

S . Ochreous yellow ; palpi above and antennae black; patagia with 
black points ; fore coxae and femora, mid tibiae and the tarsi black 
above, hind tibiae with a spot on outer side and the spurs black. 
Fore wing with antemedial series of three points angled on median- 
nervure ; a medial series of points acutely angled on median 
nervure, the spots towards costa and inner margin larger ; two 
points just beyond discocellulars and three at lower angle of cell ; 
a postmedial series consisting of pairs of points on each side of the 
veins, strongly excurved from costa to vein 4, then incurved. Hind 
wing orange-yellow, with black discoidal spot. 

2 . Fore wing with the points at lower angle of cell only. 

Hah. Natal, Karkloof {Marshall), 1 S type. Exp. 4,2 millim. 



DIACKISIA. 293 

1761. Diacrisia gopara. 

Spilosoma gopara, Moore, Lep. B. I. C. p. 356, pi. 9 a. f. 11 (1859) ; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 

(S . Brownish buff; palpi black, orange below ; sides of frons and 
antennae black, the latter white towards tips ; legs black, the fore 
coxae and femora above orange ; abdomen orange above, with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing 
with, black point at base ; a small antemedial black spot on costa, 
and point above vein 1 ; a black point in upper angle of cell ; traces 
of a postmedial line strongly excurved from below costa to vein 3, 
and with black points on costa and on each side of veins 3 to 1 ; 
fiubterminal black points on each side of veins 7 to 2. Hind wing 
orange, with the interspaces of disk black from near base to near 
termen. 

5 . Hind wing with the black markings reduced to diffused 
streaks in and below cell, a large discoidal spot, and a subterminal 
series of spots increasing in size towards tornus. 

Hah. SiKHiM (Lidderdale), 4 2 ■> type ; Assam, Khasis, 1 (S . 
Exp., 6 36, $ 56 millim. 

1762. Diacrisia quadrilunata, n. sp. (Plate XLV. fig. 23.) 

$ . Head orange, whitish on vertex ; palpi at sides and antennae 
black, pectus and legs orange ; the tibiae and tarsi striped with 
black ; abdomen orange, with dorsal series of black points. Pore 
wing yellowish white, irrorated with a very few black scales ; a 
large black lunule on upper part of discocellulars ; the costal edge 
and cilia yellow. Hind wing orange-yellow, with lunulate black 
discoidal spot. 

Hah. SiERKA Leone {Austen)^ 1 $ type. Exjp. 40 millim. 

1763. Diacrisia metaxantha, n. sp. (Plate XLV. fig. 14.) 

$ . Head and thorax ochreous white ; head tinged with yellow ; 
palpi black, yellow below ; antennae black ; tegulae and patagia 
with black points ; fore coxae with black spots, legs striped with 
black above ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal black spots on three 
medial segments. Fore wing ochreous white, with black point in 
upper angle of cell : postmedial black points above veins 6 and 4, 
and on one side below vein 3 ; two subapical points, and two points 
on termen above middle. Hind wing orange, with slight black 
point in end of cell and postmedial point below costa. Underside 
of fore wing suffused with orange to beyond cell, except on costal 
area ; hind wing with the apical area whitish. 

Hah. Burma, Myingyan {E. Y. Watson), 1 $ type. Exp. 
50 millim. 

1764. Diacrisia bimaculata. 

Challa bimacidata, Moore, v. Z.B. 1879, p. 398; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 359. 



294 AKCTIAD^. 

Challa discalis, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 399, pi. 32. f. 7 ; Hmpsn. Moths 

Ind. ii. p. 13 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 359. 
Challa qttadrimaculata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1888, p. 395 ; Butl. 111. Het. vii. 

p. 32, pi. 122. f. 9 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 359. 

Orange-yellow ; palpi marked with black at sides ; antennae 
blackish ; legs striped with black above ; abdomen orange aboyOy 
with dorsal and lateral series of black points. Fore wing with 
black spot in upper angle of cell. 

Ab. 1. quadrimaculata. Hind wing with black spot in end 
of cell. 

Ab. 2. discalis. Fore wing with subbasal black spot below 
costa; three obliquely placed antemedial spots in and below cell 
and above vein 1, and an oblique series of four spots from just beyond 
discocellulars to below vein 2. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas, 1 S type discalis, Dharmsala {Hocking), 
1 $ type, Palampore (HocUng), 2 J type quadrimaculata. Exp, 
30-36 millim. 

1765. Diacrisia madagascariensis. 

EuchcBtes madagascariensis, Butl. Cist. Ent. iii. p. 3 (1882) ; Saalm. Lep. 
Madag. p. 158, pi. 6. f. 83 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 237. 

cJ . Head, thorax, and abdomen deep orange ; palpi black, fringed 
with orange ; antennae black ; tibiae and tarsi black above ; abdomen 
with dorsal and lateral series of black spots ; wings orange-yellow. 

Hab. Madagascak, Betsileo ( Coivan), 1 ^ type. Exp. 4:4: millim, 

1766. Diacrisia lucida. (Plate XLV. fig. 16.) 
Euckates lucida, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) i. p. 212 (1898). 

(S . Head and thorax orange-yellow ; palpi fuscous ; antennae 
black ; pectus and legs fuscous ; abdomen orange above, fuscous 
below, with dorsal and lateral series of black points. Fore wing 
orange-yellow, with black point at lower angle of cell. Hind wing 
yellowish white. 

Hah. E. Africa, Teita (JacJcson), 1 c? ; Mashonaland, Salisbury 
(Marshall), 1 6 • Exp. 34 millim. Type t in Coll. Druce. 

1767. Diacrisia flava. (Plate XLV. fig. 17.) 

Sanura flava, Wllgrn. Wien. ent. Mon. iv. p. 162 (1860) ; Kirby, Cat, 
Het. p. 233. 

(5* . Bright yellow ; head and tegulae orange ; palpi black, fringed 
with yellow; antennae black ; legs blackish above ; abdomen orange, 
with dorsal and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface, 
except at extremity, with more or less deeply tinged fuscous patch ; 
wings immaculate ; hind wing paler. 

2 . Thorax and fore wing yellowish white or deep yellow. 

Hah. Teansvaal, Potchefstroom Distr. {Alston), 1 S ; Natal 
{Dr. Smith, Heale), 2 c? , 1 5 ; C. Colony, Grahamstown, 1 $ . 
Exp, 42 millim. 



DIA.CRI8IA. Zy5 

1768. Diacrisia costata. 

C'helo7iia costata, Boisd. Voy. Astrolabe, Lep. p. 213, pi. 5. f. 6 (1832). 

Orange-yellow ; palpi at sides and antennae black ; legs striped 
with black ; abdomen with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series 
of black spots except at base and extremity. Fore wing with the 
veins streaked with black. 

Hab. New Ireland ; Duke ov York Is., 2 (5,1 5 . E.vp., (^ 46, 
2 60 millim. 

*1769. Diacrisia pelopea. 

Euchcetes pelopea, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 393, pi. 77. f. 8 
(1897). 

2 . Head orange ; palpi black towards tips ; antennae black 
except at base ; thorax yellowish white, the tegulae except at base, 
and outer side of patagia orange ; coxse orange ; legs fuscous black 
and yellowish white ; abdomen orange, with dorsal, lateral, and 
sublateral series of black points, the base of dorsum and ventral 
surface yellowish white. Pore wing yellowish white ; the basal 
half of costal edge black ; vein 1 , the median nervure, veins 2, 3, 4, 
5, 6, 7, and extremity of 8 with fine black streaks. Hind wing 
yellowish, with terminal series of black points. 

Hab. Mexico, Guadalajara, 1 $ type f in Coll. Schaus. Exp, 
40 millim. 



1770. Diacrisia lutescens. (Plate XLY. fig. 7.) 

Spilosoma lutescens, Wlk. iii. 672 (1855); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 243. 
Halesidota mundata, Wlk. xxxi. 309 (1864). 

Binna penicillata, Wlk. xxxi. 319 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 241. 
Spilosoma scrcabile, Wllgrn. CEfv. Vet.-Akad. Forh. xxxii. (1) p. 102 
(1876). 

Orange-yellow ; head orange, or lower part of frons grey, or head 
grey with orange band behind; palpi blackish, orange below; 
antennae blackish ; tegulse and patagia grey, edged with orange; vertex 
of thorax grey ; tibiae and tarsi fuscous grey above ; abdomen with 
dorsal and lateral series of short black bands or spots, the ventral 
surface pale. Pore wing with the interspaces paler, more or less 
strongly developed grey streaks in and below cell and above veins 2 
and 5, or in all the terminal interspaces, often hardly traceable. 
Hind wing often whitish except inner area. 

Ab. 1. mundata. Thorax and fore wing almost white, the latter 
with the costa and cilia yellow. 

Hab. Sierra Leone {Morgan^ Foxcroft)^ 3 <S , type and types 
mundata and penicillata ; Old Calabar {Miss Kingsley), 1 (5,1 $ ; 
Br. E. Africa, Kikuyu, Nairobi {Crawshay), 1 6 ; Mashonaland, 
Salisbury (Marshall), 4 6 ; Natal (Gooch), 3 $ , Durban {Boivker), 
1 d , 1 $ , Karkloof {Marshall), 1 d • Ecp. 38-56 millim. 



296 ABCTIAD^. 

1771. Diacrisia rhodesiana. (Plate XLV. fig. 24.) 

Biacrisia rhodesiana, Hmpsn, Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 57 (1900). 

(S . Head and thorax pale grey-brown ; palpi above and branches 
of antennae black ; vertex of head and edges of tegulae, patagia, and 
thorax orange-red ; pectus orange-yellow ; fore legs and mid and 
hind tibiae and tarsi above fuscous : abdomen orange, with dorsal 
series of black bands and lateral series of points, the ventral surface 
greyish. Fore wing yellow, the interspaces almost filled by pale 
grey-brown fasciae, leaving streaks on the veins and in cell and sub- 
median fold yellow. Hind wing yellowish white. 

5 rather darker ; hind wing orange-yellow. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury {Marshall)^ 3 c? , 2 5 type. Exp., 
^ 46, 2 56 millim. 

1772. Diacrisia scita. (Plate XLV. fig. 15.) 

Antheua scita, Wlk. xxxi. 298 (1864) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 243. 

(5' . Orange ; palpi blackish, orange below ; lower part of frons 
and antennae grey-brown; tegulae and patagia grey-brown edged 
with orange ; vertex of thorax grey-brown ; legs striped with 
blackish ; abdomen with dorsal series of short black bands, 
and lateral series of spots. Fore wing with the interspaces nearly 
filled by grey-brown fasciae. Hind wing with the interspaces 
fuscous black, leaving tbe veins, part of inner area, and cilia 
orange. 

Hah. Natal (Oueinzius), 3 6 type, Malvern (Marshall), 1 (5*, 
Durban (Crooc/i), 1 c?. ^^P- 40-44 millim. 

1773. Diacrisia latiradiata, n. sp. (Plate XLV. fig. 11.) 

$ . Head and thorax yellow tinged with olive-brown ; palpi, 
lower part of frons, antennae, a broad stripe on vertex of thorax, 
pectus, and legs deep black ; abdomen orange above, with segmental 
black bands expanding into dorsal spots, a lateral series of black spots 
connected with the black ventral surface which has a series of 
orange spots reduced towards extremity. Fore wing fulvous 
orange, with deep black fasciae nearly filling the cell, submedian 
interspace, and the interspaces beyond the^cell ; a slight postmedial 
black streak above inner margin. Hind wing fuscous black, the 
base yellowish, the cilia yellow. 

Hah. Br. C. Africa, Fwambo {Nutt), 1 $ type. Exp. 46 millim. 

1774. Diacrisia bretaudiaui. 

Gonerda hretaudiaui, Oberth. Et. Eut. xx. p. 55, pi. x. ff. 179, 180 (1896) ; 
Hmpsn. Moths Ind. iv. p. 491. 

(S . Head and thorax olive-yellow ; palpi black at sides, a black 
streak on frons and vertex of head ; tegulae, vertex of thorax, and 
upper edge of patagia with black streaks ; neck with crimson ring ; 



DIACRISIA. 297 

pectus and legs black, the femora and fore tibiae crimson above ; 
abdomen crimson with dorsal black stripe, a lateral series of spots 
and the ventral surface black. Fore wing olive-yellow ; the sub- 
eostal and median nervures whitish ; a black streak below base of 
costa and a fascia below median nervure to medial band ; a narrow 
antemedial band interrupted at the veins, very strongly angled in- 
wards on subcostal nervure and outwards on median nervure ; a 
medial band arising from the same point on costa, interrupted at 
the veins and very strongly angled outwards on median nervure ; 
an oblique discoidal spot with spot above it on costa ; the postmedial 
band arising at upper angle of cell, strongly excurved to vein 3, then 
oblique ; an oblique subterminal spot below costa, a maculate band 
from vein 6 to 2, and a spot on inner margin conjoined to the 
terminal band which has a dentate inner edge ; cilia whitish. 
Hind wing crimson, with curved medial band from below costa to 
vein 1 ; a discoidal lunule ; a curved and waved postmedial line 
angled outwards at vein 4 and ending at vein 1 ; a subterminal 
band from costa to submedian fold and a spot above tornus ; cilia 
whitish. Underside of fore wing almost entirely suffused with 
black. 

5 with the wings aborted and much reduced. 

Hob. Tibet, Yatong {Bingham), 2 J . Kvp. 52 millim. 

1775, Diacrisia perornata. 

Gonerda perornata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 395, pi. 32, f. 2; Hmpsn- 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 16 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 248. 

c? . Head black ; shaft of antennae and thorax olive-yellow, with 
black stripes on patagia and dorsum ; pectus and legs black, the 
femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal black 
stripe, a lateral series of black spots, and the ventral surface black. 
Fore wing olive-yellow ; some black markings at base and a wedge- 
shaped patch below the cell ; an antemedial band interrupted at 
the veins and strongly angled on median nervure ; a medial band 
angled inwards on subcostal nervures and outwards on median 
nervure ; an oblique discoidal spot ; the postmedial band strongly 
excurved from below costa to vein 3, then incurved to below end of 
cell ; a subterminal band curved from costa to submedian fold, where 
it is interrupted ; a terminal band with waved inner edge. Hind 
wing crimson ; a black antemedial band ; a medial band angled 
outwards beyond lower angle of cell, then narrower; a curved 
subterminal band interrupted at submedian fold ; a terminal line 
from apex to vein 2 ; cilia yellow. 

$ . Abdomen crimson above, with dorsal black spots and sublateral 
bands, or black with crimson segmental lines ; the bands of both 
wings either very broad and the antemedial and medial bands con- 
joined or much reduced ; hind wing with the base sometimes black 
and the terminal line absent. 

Hob, Kashmik, 1 cT type, Kokser (McArthur), 1 $ . Ea;j>. 41-48 
millim. 



298 



AECTIAD^. 



1776. Diacrisia purpurata. 

Bombyx 'purpurata, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 505 (1758) ; Staud. Cat. p. 57 ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 260. 
Bombyx picrpurea, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. (2) p. 828 (1769) ; Esp. Schmett. iii. 

p. 325, pi. 65. ff. 1-5 ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ii. ff. 142, 229 ; Godt. L6p. 

Fr. iv. p. 339, pi. 35. ff. 2, 3. 
Arctia purpurea, ab.flava, Staud. Cat. p. 57 (1861). 
Arctia purpurea, ab. caucasica, Alph. Trudui Ent. Eoss. x. p. 14 (1878). 

Bright yellow ; palpi, frons, antennae, and legs brownish ; some 
crimson on basal joint of palpi, behind the eyes, and on femora above ; 
abdomen with dorsal and lateral series of black spots, the ventral 
surface tinged with crimson. Fore wing with antemedial, medial, 
postmedial, and subterminal series of grey-brown spots, those on 
costa larger except in the subterminal series ; some points in and 
beyond angles of cell ; some marks beyond the subterminal series of 
spots at middle and towards apex. Hind wing scarlet ; the inner 
margin and cilia yellow ; an oblique antemedial series of spots or 
maculate band ; a large discoidal lunule ; three large subterminal 
spots below costa and on veins 5 and 2 and a smaller spot at 
tornus. 

Ab. 1. flava. Hind wing yellow. 

Ab. 2. caucasica. Fore wing with the spots almost obsolete. 

Hah. France ; Switzerland, Frey Coll. ; Germany, Zeller Coll. ; 
Italy ; Dalmatia ; Greece {Merlin) ; Armenia ; Altai ; Amur ; 
Japan, Oiwake (Pryer), 1 (S ; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 1 $ . Eccp., 
cr44, $52millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Eur. Butt. Moths, pi. 23. f. 8 a. 

Black, with tufts of rufous hair, the hair at sides yellow ; dorsal 
and lateral yellow stripes. 



1777. Diacrisia amurensis. 

Chelonia amurensis, Brem. Bull. Acad. Pet. iii, p. 477 (1861) ; id. Lep. Ost- 
Sib. p. 39, pi. 3. f. 16 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 250. 

cJ . Bright mustard-yellow ; palpi black above, crimson below ; 
frons black ; antennae brown ; pectus crimson and brown ; legs 
brown, with the femora crimson above ; abdomen scarlet, with 
dorsal and lateral series of black spots. Fore wing with the costal 
edge blackish; three obliquely placed antemedial black points 
below costa and one or two above inner margin ; a black point in 
upper angle of cell and sometimes others beyond upper and lower 
angles, and sometimes postmedial points above inner margin and 
veins 2 and 5. Hind wing scarlet ; a small medial spot below the 
cell, and sometimes one on vein 1 ; a discoidal lunule ; some con- 
joined subterminal spots towards costa, a large spot on vein 2 and 
a small spot on vein 1. Underside of fore wing scarlet with black 
spot in cell, a medial band angled below the cell, discoidal lunule, 
and three or four postmedial spots. 



DIACRISIA. 



299 



2 . More fulvous-yellow ; abdomen with sublateral fuscous stripes ; 
fore wing with the black points absent except the one in upper 
angle of cell ; some antemedial rufous spots ; a medial rufous line 
angled below cell; a large discoidal spot conjoined to a large patch 
at lower angle of cell ; a postmedial line angled at middle ; some 
subterminal spots and some suffusion on termen ; hind wing with 
medial black band. 

Hab. Amur, 1 6 , Zeller Coll. ; Japan, Tokio (Fenton), 1 c? , 1 $ , 
Yokohama (Pryer), 1^,1$, Hakodate (Andrews), 2 cT ; W. China, 
Chang-yang (Pratt), 1 d , 1 $ , Pu-tsu-fong, 1 d , Kiukiang (Pratt), 
2 2 , Chia-kou-ho (Pratt), 1 $ , Washan (Pratt), 1 2 , Moupin 
(Kricheldorff), 1 d , 1 $ . Eic^., 6 58, 2 64 millim. 

1778. Diacrisia metalkana. 

Nemeophila metalkana, Led. Wien. ent. Mon. v. p. 162, pi. 3. f. 12 (1861) ; 

Friv. Magy. Tud. Akad. Evk. xi. (4) p. 146, pi. 4. ff. 6 a, 6 ; Mill. Ann. 

Soc. L. Lyon (2) xi. p. 23, pi. 40. fP. 1-4 ; Stand. Cat. p. 56; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 249. 
Chelonia flavida, Brem. Bull. Acad. Pet. iii. p. 477 (1861); id. Lep. Ost- 

Sib. p. 39, pi. 4. f. 4. 

S . Bright mustard-yellow ; palpi and frons rufous, the former 
crimson below ; antennsB yellowish white ; pectus and legs rufous ; 
lines behind the eyes, coxae at sides, and femora above crimson ; 
abdomen scarlet, with dorsal and lateral series of black spots. Fore 
wing with black point at base ; an antemedial point above vein 1 \ 
a point in middle of cell; a medial series of points sometimes 
present, angled outwards to lower angle of cell ; points in the angles 
of cell ; a pinkish and brown streak on terminal part of median 
nervure ending in a spot at end of cell ; subterminal black points 
on each side of vein 5, and sometimes others below costa and vein 
2 ; cilia pinkish. Hind wing scarlet ; a black spot below origin of 
vein 2 sometimes present ; a large discoidal lunule ; some sub- 
terminal spots towards costa and larger spots on veins 2 and 1. 
Underside of fore wing scarlet, with black spot in cell, discoidal 
lunule, and three subterminal spots. 

2 . More fulvous yellow ; fore wing with the veins streaked with 
scarlet; the black points usually absent and replaced by scarlet 
lines. 

Hah. Hungary, 2 $ , Zeller & Prey Colls. ; Amur ; Japan, Yesso 
(Pryer), 1 J , 1 $ , (Jonas) 1 c? , JN^ikko, Tokio (Lewis), 3 cS , Loochoo 
(Pryer), 2 § ; Corea, Gensan (Leech), 1 (S ; Chusan I. (J.J. Walker), 
2$. Exp. 44-52 millim. 

1779. Diacrisia sannio. 

Bomhyx sannio, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 506 (1758) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 249. 

Geometra vulpinaria, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 520 (1758). 

Bomhyx russula, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 510 (1758) ; Clerck, Icones, pi. 4. 

f. 1 ; Esp. Schmett. iii. p. 337, pi. 67. ff. 2-7 ; Curt. Brit. Ent. i. pi. 21 ; 

Godt. Lep. Pr. iv. p. 343, pi. 35. f. 4 ; Stand. Cat. p. 56. 



SOO AECTTAD^. 

Diacrisia irene, Butl, Trans. Ent. Soc. 1881, p. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 249. 
Nemeophila rtissula, var. mortua, Staud. Stett. ent. Zeit. xlviii. p. 78 
(1887). 

S . Mustard-yellow ; head dark brown ; antennae with the shaft 
pink above ; pectus and legs fuscous with some greyish hair, the 
legs striped with pink ; abdomen pale yellowish largely tinged with 
fuscous. Fore wing with the costa fuscous, pink towards apex ; a 
pink fascia on inner margin with some fuscous on margin ; a pink 
and fuscous discoidal patch ; cilia pink. Hind wing pale yellowish, 
the basal area usually suffused with fuscous ; a large fuscous dis- 
coidal spot ; a diffused subterminal band ; cilia pink. Underside of 
fore wing with the basal area suffused with fuscous ; a fuscous 
postmedial band angled at veins 5 and 2. 

5 . Fulvous orange ; palpi, frons, and antennae pinkish ; abdomen 
with dorsal and lateral series of black spots, or dorsal bands ; wings 
with the veins red ; fore wing with more or less developed discoidal 
fuscous patch ; hind wing brighter, the basal area suffused with 
black ; a large discoidal spot and a more or less conjoined sub- 
terminal series of spots. 

Ab. 1. irene S • Fore wing with the markings reduced to a pink 
point at lower angle of cell; hind wing without markings. — 
Japan. 

Ab. 2. mortua. Inner margin of fore wing and cilia not pink ; 
female more suffused with black. — N. Asia, Transalai, Margellan. 

Hah. EuKOPE, except Arctic region, Zeller and Frey Colls. ; 
Armenia ; Siberia ; Amur, 1 $ ; Japan, Oiwake (Pryer)^ 3 d* , 2 $ , 
Tokio (Fenton), 2 c? , 2 $ , type irene ; Core a, Gensan {Leech), 1 $ ; 
W. China. Exp. 38-54 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 41 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. p. 257, pi. 74. f. 1. 

Brown ; tubercles blackish ; hairs brown ; dorsal line ochreous 
or orange ; spiracles ochreous or white ; head dark brown. Food- 
plants : Hieraceum, Erica, Scabiosa, etc. 8-5. 



*1780. Diacrisia ornata. 

Arctia ortiata, Staud. Iris, ix. p. 188, pi. iv. ff. 1, 2 (1896). 

S . Head and thorax pale brownish ; tegulse with blackish 
spots; patagia and thorax with blackish streaks, the latter with 
fulvous spot behind the collar ; abdomen pale brownish with black 
dorsal bands, the extremity, pectus, and ventral surface fulvous. 
Fore wing pale yellow ; a subbasal black point below costa ; a 
small antemedial spot on costa, point in cell, and short streak 
below the cell ; medial, postmedial, and subterminal spots on costa, 
the two last confluent with a broad irregular oblique fascia from 
apex to lower end of cell, then along median nervure to before 
middle, this being conjoined by two irregular bands to the fascia on 
inner margin ; the termen black, expanding into dentate marks at 
middle. Hind wing white ; a forked black fascia below the cell 
from base to beyond middle ; a discoidal lunule ; subterminal spots 



DIACRISIA. 301 

on costa and below vein 6, and conjoined spots between vein 3 and 
tornus ; some black on termen, at apex, and some small conjoined 
spots at middle; costal area yellowish towards apex. 

$ . Head and thorax yellow, the vertex of head and metathorax 
with crimson spots, on the latter V-shaped ; abdomen dorsally 
tinged with scarlet : fore wing with the black markings somewhat 
reduced and broken ; hind wing orange-scarlet, with black patch 
below the cell conjoined by two streaks with the complete maculate 
subterminal band. 

Hah. Mongolia, Urga. Ex]^. 46 millim. This species is un- 
known to me. 



1781. Diacrisia flammeola. (Plate XLV. fig. 10.) 

Alpeniis flammeolus, Moore, A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 89 (1877) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 239. 

5 . Orange-vermilion ; palpi, antennae, and legs tinged with 
fuscous ; abdomen with slight dorsal and lateral series of black 
spots. Fore wing with medial series of fuscous spots edged by 
yellowish, oblique from costa to median nervure where it is angled, 
then incurved ; a postmedial series angled at vein 5, then strongly 
incurved; small subterminal spots above veins 5 and 1. Hind 
wing with discoidal spot ; cilia of both wings yellow. 

Hah. Japan (Pryer), 1 c^ , Nagasaki (Leech), 2 (S , Simonoseki 
(Leech\ 1 c? ; N. China, Chekiang (Pryer, Pratt), 2 $ type,. 
Ningpo, 1 2 • Exjp. 40 millim. 



1782. Diacrisia biseriata. (Plate XLV. fig. 8.) 

Alpenus biseriatus, Moore, P. Z. S. 1877, p. 596 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii, 
p. 14 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 239. 

2 . Orange tinged with vermilion ; palpi black towards tips ; 
legs streaked with black ; abdomen with dorsal and lateral series 
of black spots. Pore wing with some small subbasal black spots ; 
a medial series angled at median nervure and with small spot 
beyond it above vein 2 ; spots at two angles of cell ; a postmedial 
series of spots excurved from below costa to vein 3, then incurved. 
Hind wing with black discoidal spot and spots on inner margin 
before middle and at tornus. 

Hah. Andamans, 1 $ type. Exp. 36 millim. 

1783. Diacrisia eximia. 

Alpenus eximia, Swinh. Trans. Ent. See. 1891, p. 137, pi. 8. f. 8; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 14 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. pp. 307, 909. 

cJ . Orange-vermilion ; palpi at tips, sides of irons, patches on 
tegulse and patagia, and streaks on legs black. Pore wing with 
black spot at base ; a streak on base of costa to the curved ante- 
medial band ; the medial and postmedial bands conjoined from median 



302 ARCTIAD^. 

nervure to inner margin, forming a yshaped band angled outwards 
beyond lower angle of cell and somewhat maculate towards costa ; 
a sinuons subterminal series of spots. Hind wing with discoidal 
black points ; a subterminal series of spots, those between veins 3 
and 5 smaller. 

Hah. N. Canaka, 1 c? type. Exp. 30 millim. 

1784. Diacrisia longiramia, n. sp. (Plate XLVI. fig. 1.) 

(S . Antennae with the branches long ; brown-buff ; palpi, lower 
part of frons, antennae, and stripes on legs black ; fore coxae and 
femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson above except at base and 
extremity, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black points. 
Fore wing with antemedial rufous point in cell and sinuous line 
from origin of vein 2 to inner margin : a discoidal spot ; a 
rufous postmedial line excurved from costa to vein 3, then incurved. 
Hind wing crimson, with black discoidal lunule; a subterminal 
series of diffused black spots from above vein 5 to tornus, towards 
which they become large and elongate. Underside of fore wing 
with the discoidal spot and postmedial line blackish. 
Hah. SuMATEA {C. Curtis), 1 cT type. Exp. 52 millim. 

1785. Diacrisia montana. 

Arctia montana, Guer. Delessert, Souv. Voy. Inde, ii. p. 92, pi. 26. f. 3 
(1843); Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 7; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231. 

Spilosoma suff'usa, Wlk. iii. 677 (1855). 

? Spilosoma hrunnea, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 574 ; Hmpsn. Motbs Ind. ii. 
p. 9; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 232. 

Antennae of male with the branches rather long ; red-brown ; 
palpi blackish, crimson at base ; antennae blackish ; legs blackish, 
the femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson above, with some 
brown hair at base, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black 
points. Pore wing sometimes tinged with crimson on disk and on 
costal edge ; a black point at base ; an antemedial black spot above 
vein 1 and one at upper angle of cell usually present; two postmedial 
maculate lines strongly excurved from costa to vein 3, then 
incurved, sometimes obsolescent ; a subterminal series of points or 
short streaks on each side of the veins. Hind wing ochreous, the 
inner area tinged with crimson or wholly suffused with crimson ; a 
black discoidal spot and usually subterminal spots on veins 5, 2, 
and 1. Underside with the basal half slightly tinged with crimson, 
or the whole wing suffused with crimson. 

Hab. Punjab {Hearsay), 1 S type suffusa, Jubbulpur, 2 S , 
1 $ ; Eajputana, 1 c^" ; Bombay ; Nilgiris (Hampson), 2 (5* , 1 $ . 
Exp., (S 44, 2 54 millim. 

Larva. Moore, Lep. E. I. C. pi. xvi. f. 10. 

Pale red-brown, palest towards dorsum ; head black, the thoracic 
and last four segments with dorsal black patches ; hairs long, 
sparse, black ; legs black ; prologs grey. 



DIACEISIA. 



303 



1786. Diacrisia albicornis. (riate XLVI. fig. 16.) 

Spilosoma albicornis, Hmpsn. J. Bomb. N. H. Soc. xiii. p. 499 (1900). 

(S . Antennae with the branches rather long ; bright chestnut- 
brown; head tinged with crimson ; palpi crimson, black at tips ; sides 
of frons black; antennae black, the shaft pure white above ; tibiae and 
tarsi black ; pectus, coxae, femora, and abdomen crimson, the last 
with short dorsal black bars and lateral and sublateral series of points. 
Fore wing with black spot at upper angle of cell ; the postmedial 
line curved from below costa to vein 3, then incurved to middle of 
inner margin ; subterminal black points on each side of veins 2 
and 1 . Hind wing crimson, with black discoidal spot and subterminal 
spots below costa, on each side of veins 5, 2, and 1. Underside of 
fore wing with the disk suffused with crimson. 

Hah. Ceylon (Green), 1 cT type. Kvj). 56 millim. 



1787. Diacrisia rubilinea. (Plate XLYI. fig. 8.) 

Spilosoma rubilinea, Moore, P. Z. S, 1865, p. 810 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 

p. 8 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231. 
Spilosoma discinigra, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 810 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. 

p. 232. 

Ochreous strongly tinged with red-brown : palpi, lower part of 
frons, antennae, stripes below shoulders and on legs black; coxae and 
femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson above except at base 
and extremity, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black points. 
Fore wing with rather obscure scarlet antemedial line, oblique from 
costa to below cell, where it is acutely angled, usually with black 
points on it below cell and above vein 1 ; a scarlet and black 
discoidal spot ; an obscure postmedial scarlet line excurved from 
costa to vein 3, then incurved, usually with pairs of black points on 
each side of the veins ; traces of a sinuous subterminal scarlet line 
with some black points on it towards inner margin, and others 
towards apex on each side of veins 6, 7, and beyond it on each side 
of veins 3, 4, 5. Hind wing yellower, the inner area tinged with 
crimson ; a black discoidal spot ; a maculate subterminal band 
usually interrupted or obsolete towards costa and often with black 
points beyond it on each side of veins 4 to 7. Underside of fore 
wing with the disk suffused with crimson ; a black discoidal spot 
and a postmedial band reduced to a spot below costa and obsolete 
towards inner margia. 

Ab. 1. discinigra. Hind wing with the basal area suffused with 
black. 

Ab. 2. Hind wing wholly suffused with fuscous. 

Hob. W. China, Pu-tsu-fong, 5 S ; Sikhim {Russell, Lidderdale), 
6 (S , 2 $ , type ; Assam, Shillong ; Burma. Exj)., (S 54, $ 64 
millim. 



304 ARCTIAD^. 

1788. Diacrisia sordidescens, n. n. (Plate XL VI. fig. 2.) 

Spilosoma sordida, Moore, P. Z. S. 1865, p. 808 (nee Hiibn.) ; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 14 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 230. 

(S Pale dull reddish brown ; palpi, sides of frons, antennae, and 
legs above blackish; abdomen crimson above except at base and 
extremity, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. 
Eore wing with traces of curved dark antemedial line ; a more 
distinct postmedial line oblique below vein 3 ; traces of an oblique 
series of short streaks from apex to vein 5 and of subterminal 
streaks on veins 5 to 3. Hind wing rather paler, with dark discoidal 
spot and subterminal spots above vein 5 and towards tornus. 
Hab. SiKHiM, 2 (S type. Exp. 34 millim. 

1789. Diacrisia castanea. 

Spilosoma castanea, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M, ix. p. 79, pi. 158. ff. 26, 27 
(1893) ; id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 8. 

S . Head and thorax dark red-brown ; palpi, antennae, and 
greater part of legs dark brown ; fore coxae and the femora crimson ; 
abdomen crimson, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black 
points. Pore wing dark red-brown ; sometimes some black points 
at base ; an antemedial spot above vein 1, and sometimes some spots 
between it and costa ; black marks in and beyond angles of cell, 
with a spot above them on costa ; a more or less complete post- 
medial maculate band formed by irregular patches, curved from 
costa to vein 2, retracted to cell at origin of vein 2 ; cilia blackish. 
Hind wing black-brown, with a black discoidal spot and slight 
traces of scarlet on termen. Underside of fore wing with scarlet 
suffusion in and beyond the cell and along vein 1. 

$ . Head, thorax, and fore wing pale red-brown, the last with 
small antemedial black spot above vein 1, a spot in upper angle of 
cell, the postmedial series reduced to spots on each side of veins 5 
to 1. Hind wing scarlet, with black discoidal spot and subterminal 
series of spots, large from vein 3 to tornus. 

Hah. Ceylon, Dickoya {Green), 2 d", 2 $, type. Eccjf)., S 38y 
5 46 millim. 

*1790. Diacrisia brunnea. (Plate XLY. fig. 18.) 

Arctia brunnea, Heyl. C.E. Soc. Ent. Belg. xxxiv. p. xxix (1890). 
Spilarctia heylaertsii, Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 908 (1892). 

J . Head pale brown ; palpi, sides of frons, and antennae blackish; 
thorax dark brown ; fore coxae at sides and femora above except at 
extremity crimson; abdomen crimson above, with broad blackish 
dorsal stripe not reaching extremity, the terminal segment with 
black band, a lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface brown. 
Pore wing dark brown ; antemedial black spots on each side of 
vein 1 ; a postmedial series of spots on each side of the veins, 
obsolescent and smaller towards costa, curved to vein 4, then 



DIACRISIA. 305 

oblique ; an oblique series of points on each side of the veins from 
apex to vein 4, and small spots below vein 2 and above and below 1 ; 
sub terminal points on each side of veins 5 to 3. Hind wing black- 
brown, the veins somewhat paler. Underside without any crimson. 
Hah. Sumatra, Eort de Kock, type f 6 in Coll. Heylaerts. 
Eoop. 42 millim. 

1791. Diacrisia tigrina. 

Bhyparia tigrina, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 398, pi. 32. f. 4 ; Hmpsn. Moths 
Ind. ii. p. 22 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 240. 

(S . Brownish ochreous ; palpi, sides of frons, and antennae 
black ; head tinged with fulvous ; thorax with dorsal black stripe ; 
pectus and legs mixed with black; abdomen with dorsal black 
bands and lateral and sublateral series of spots. Fore wing with 
more or less strongly developed broad irregular black fasciae on 
costa, median nervure, and the veins arising from it from base to 
the postmedial series of spots ; a subterminal series of more or less 
conjoined spots on the veins. Hind wing with large discoidal spot; 
some black on the veins beyond the cell; a maculate subtermineJ 
band interrupted at middle; some slight spots on termen towards 
apex and tornus. 

Hah. S. India, Palni Hills (Sealy), 5 c5' type. E.V2^. 44 millim. 

1792. Diacrisia rufescens. 

lAparis rufescens, Brulle, Webb & Berth. Hist. Nat. lies Canar. ii. 2. 

Zool. Ins. p. 95 (1836) ; Holt- White, Butt. & Moths Teneriffe, p. 71, 

pi. iv. f. 5; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 911. 
Arctia fortunata, Staud. Iris, iv. pp. 159, 250, pi. 3. f. 3 (1892). 

S . Head and thorax deep red-brown ; antennae with the shaft 
pinkish ; pectus and abdomen paler rufous. Fore wing grey-brown, 
sparsely irrorated with fuscous ; antemedial, medial, postmedial, 
and subterminal black patches on costa and a spot at lower angle 
of cell; indistinct medial, postmedial, and subterminal somewhat 
curved rufous bands. Hind wing flesh-red. 

$ . Fore wing redder and thickly irrorated with black ; hind 
wing irrorated with black and with traces of curved postmedial 
line. 

Hah. Canaeies, Teneriffe {Marsden, Holt-White), 1 cT , 1 $. 
Ea^jp., 6 54, 2 58 millim. 

Larva. Brown, thickly clothed with long silky hair. Food-plants : 
dock, sorrel, hollyhock, cabbage. 

*1793. Diacrisia mcorei. 

Spilosoma sa7iguinale, Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. xxii. p. 100, pJ. 8. f. 3 (1879^ ;. 

nee Moore. 
Spilosoma moorei, Snell. Tijd. v. Ent. xxii. p. 101 (1879). 
Sptlarctia snelleni, Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231 (1892). 

(S . Head, antennae, and thorax whitish buff; palpi crimson at 

VOL. III. X 



806 ARCTIAD^. 

"base, black at tips ; frons black ; thorax with black dorsal stripe ; 
legs blackish, femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson above, with 
clorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots, the ventral 
surface pale buff. Fore wing brown-buff, the veins paler ; a black 
point at base of costa ; an antemedial spot on cosia with point below 
it, and obliquelj^ placed spots above and below vein 1 ; a postmedial 
spot on costa, and obliquely curved series of almost conjoined spots 
from vein 5 to inner margin, larger towards the margin; an oblique 
series of small spots from apex to below vein 6 and points on each 
side of veins 5 to 3 and above 1. Hind wing buff tinged with 
crimson, most strongly on inner area ; subterminal black spots at 
veins 5, 2, and 1. 

Hah. Celebes, Lakka, type t c? in Coll. Snellen. Exp. 44 millim. 



1 794. Diacrisia strigatula. 

Spilosoma strigatula, Wlk. iii. 613 (1855) ; Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 357, 
pi. 9 a. ff. 12, 12 a; Semp. Schmett. Phil. ii. p. 484, pi. Ivii. ff. 10, 11, 
pi. P. ff. 10, 11 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 250. 

Spilosoma nibescens, Wlk. iii. 677 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 250. 

Chelonia cervina, Wllgrn. Wien, ent. Mon. iv. p. 162 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 250. 

cJ . Antennas with the branches long ; brown-buff ; palpi, lower 
part of frons, often a stripe on vertex of thorax, and the greater 
part of legs dark brown ; fore coxae and femora above crimson ; 
abdomen crimson above except at base and extremity, dorsal, lateral, 
and sublateral series of black points. Fore wing with black point 
at base ; an antemedial series of black points, oblique from costa to 
median nervure where it is angled, and often with a black point 
before it below median nervure ; black points in angles of cell and 
beyond lower angle ; a postmedial series of black points on each 
side of the veins, excurved from costa to vein 4, then oblique, and 
with another more regularly curved series beyond it ; a subterminal 
series of points on each side of the veins, obsolete below vein 3, and 
a series on the cilia. Hind wing orange-scarlet ; a black discoidal 
spot ; a subterminal series of irregular spots, the two towards 
tornus larger. Underside of fore wing with the disk tinged with 
scarlet. 

5 . Fore wing with the series of points usually more or less 
obsolete, often totally absent. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing without black spots ; abdomen without black 
points. 

Hah. Burma, Moulmein {Cleric), 1 (^ , 1 $ , type ruhescens; Penang 
(S. Flower), 2 $ ; Borneo, Sarawak ( Wallace, Bartlett), 2^.3 $ , 
;S.E. Borneo {Dolierty\ 1 $ ; Java (Horsfeld), 7 d , 6 5 , type. 
Exp., S 42, 2 56 miilim. 

Larva. Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 358, pi. 16. ff. 11, 11 a. 

Black ; the warts scarlet with tufts of hair red towards base, 
hrown at tips. Food-plants, Dioscorea oppositifoHa , etc. 

Cocoon dark brown. 



DIACRISIA. 307 

17*j5. Diacrisia landaca. (Plate XLVL. fig. 22.) 

Arctia landaca, Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 358 (1859) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 250. 

S . Head and thorax dark fuscous brown to yellow-brown; palpi 
and frons blackish, antennae whitish with black patch beyond 
middle; legs blackish, the femora crimson above; abdomen crimson 
at sides and extremity, the dorsal and ventral surface dark brown ; 
wings greyish or j-ellow, thickly irrorated and suffused with dark 
brown. Fore wing with an antemedial black spot on costa, with 
traces of a waved dark line arising from it, oblique to median 
nervure, where it is strongly angled ; indistinct oblique minutely 
waved medial and two postmedial lines ; traces of subterminal 
black points between veins 8 and 5. Hind wing with discoidal 
spot; an indistinct curved postmedial line and a more distinct 
subterminal maculate band. 

Hah. Java (Horsfield), 1 d , 1 $ type, Arjuno 3000 ft. (Doherty), 
4 cT . E.vp. 42 miilim. 

1796. Diacrisia vagans. 

Arctia vagans, Boisd. Ann. Soc. Ent. Fr. (2) x. p. 322 (1852) ; Stretch, 

Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 192, pi. 8. ft". 8-12 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 246. 
NemeopUla rufnla, Boisd. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. (3) iii. p. 32 (1855). 
Antarctia punctata, Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 123 (1864). 
Spilosoma pteridis, H. Edw. Proc. Calif. Acad. v. p. 264 (1875). 
Antarctia punctata, \ax. proha, H. Edw. Papilio, i. p. 39 (1881). 

S . Ochreous grey, sometimes tinged with reddish brown or 
fuscous ; palpi blackish ; antennae with the shaft whitish, the 
branches black. Fore wing irrorated with fuscous ; two dark 
discoidal points sometimes placed on a dark line which is oblique 
from costa to lower angle of cell, then incurved ; the postmedial 
line excurved from below costa to vein 3, then incurved ; a sub- 
terminal point above vein 5 sometimes present. Hind wing more 
or less suffused with fuscous, leaving the termen pale ; a fuscous 
discoidal lunule and some subterminal spots. 

$ . Ground-colour much more rufous ; antennae with the shaft 
tinged with red above. 

Hah. U.S.A., California, Grote Coll. (Stretch), 2S cS , 2 $ . 
Kxj). 40 millim. 

1797. Diacrisia rubra. (Plate XL VI. fig. 7.) 

Antarctia rubra, Neum. Papilio, i. p. 79 (1881) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 246. 
Antarctia walsinghami, Butl, A. M. N. H. (5) ^iii. p. 311 (1881) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 246. 
Antarctia rubra, var. danhyi, Ent. News, iv. p. 141 (1893). 

(5 . Head and thorax scarlet or red-brown ; antenna3 with the 
■shaft scarlet, the branches black ; legs scarlet ; abdomen ochreous 
tinged with scarlet. Fore wing red-brown, tinged with scarlet and 
irrorated with black; a medial black band sometimes present, 

x2 



308 ARCTIADJS. 

angled on median nervure ; the postmedial line excurved from costa 
to vein 3, then incurved. Hind wing black-brown, the inner 
margin with some rufous hair. 

2 . Fore wing with discoidal black lunule ; the postmedial line 
sometimes obsolete ; hind wing with the inner and terminal areas 
rufous irrorated with black ; a black discoidal lunule ; traces of 
curved postmedial and subterminal lines. 

Ab. 1. danhyi. Head, thorax, and fore wing much browner. — Br. 
Columbia. 

Ab. 2. walsingJiami. Ground-colour bright vermilion. 

Hab. Br. Columbia, Vancouver I. (Mathew), 1 (^ ; U.S.A., 
California, Mendocino (Walsingham), 2 $ , Rouge B,. (Walsmgham), 
1 2 type ivahingliami. Exp.^ <S 30, 5 40 millim. 

1798. Diacrisia imparilis. 

Spilarctia imparilis, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. ;394 (1877) ; id. 111. Het. 
B. M. ii. p. 4, pi. 22. f. 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 

cJ . Dark brown ; palpi at tips and antennae black ; tegulae edged 
with orange ; throat orange ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal 
and lateral series of black spots. Pore wing with black point at 
base ; a medial series of small black spots angled on median nervure; 
a postmedial series of spots excurved from vein 6 to 3, then incurved, 
and with three spots beyond it between veins 3 and 6 ; some sub- 
terminal points from below costa to vein 3. Hind wing with 
obscure subterminal maculate band from vein 6 to tornus. 

Ab. 1. Wings unmarked except for a medial black point below 
vein 1 of fore wing. 

2 . Yellowish white ; palpi at tips and antennae black ; tegulae 
edged with orange, patagia sometimes with black spot. Fore wing 
with the series of black spots more or less developed ; a spot in 
upper angle of cell sometimes present ; sometimes a subterminal 
series of short streaks on each side of veins 7 to 3. Hind wing 
immaculate, except sometimes two subterminal points towards 
tornus. 

Hah. Japan {Jonas, Pryer), 2 cj" , 2 $ type, Yezo {Fryer), 3 S , 
3 $ , Tokio {Fenton), 1 $ , Tsu-shima, 1 $ , Hakone {SmitJi), 1 5 . 
Exp., 6 50, 2 ^^0 millim. 

1799. Diacrisia melaBna, n. sp. (Plate XLVI. fig. 11.) 

(^ . AntennsB with the branches long ; black-brown ; antenna? 
reddish brown ; femora orange above ; abdomen yellow, with the 
hair on bavse of dorsum black-brown, and dorsal, lateral, and sub- 
lateral series of black spots. Fore wing with ochreous fascia in 
submedian fold, sometimes not reaching termen or with small fork 
near termen ; a postmedial line excurved between veins 5 and 3, 
then incurved, but sometimes absent ; the terminal area usually 
with three obliquely placed spots from near apex ; points above 
veins 4 and 5 and another further from termen above vein 3. 



DIACRISIA. 309 

Hind wing pale yellow, with large blackish discoidal spot and 
smaller medial spots on veins '2^ and 1, and a point beyond lower 
angle of cell ; a subterminal series of irregular sj)ots large towards 
tornus, and a streak on inner area ; or with streaks on basal area, a 
broad medial band, and the subterminal spots more developed ; or 
blackish with yellow streak below basal part of cell and some post- 
medial spots ; cilia of both wings usually mixed with black. 

Hah. Java, Mt. Arjuno, 8000 ft. {Doherty), 3 (S type. Eocp, 
50 millim. 

*1800. Diacrisia garida. 

Ardices garida, Swinh. Cat. Het. Mus. Oxon. p. 179, pi. iv. 1'. 7 (1892). 

2 . Head white ; palpi, lower part of frons, and antennae brown ; 
thorax reddish brown, whitish at sides ; pectus and legs white, the 
femora orange above, fore and mid tibiae and tarsi brown ; hind 
tibiae spotted with brown ; abdomen dorsally black with orange 
bands, the anal segment orange tipped with white, the ventral 
surface white, with sublateral series of brown spots, large ventral 
spots on first three segments. Eore wing reddish brown, with slight 
white marks at base ; a white point on vein 7 beyond angle of cell, 
and another on costa towards apex. Hind wing white ; the basal 
inner area tinged with brown ; a discoidal fuscous patch connected 
with some conjoined spots from vein 5 to submedian fold ; two 
small spots beyond upper angle of cell ; a subterminal series of con- 
joined spots, partially connected with the spots beyond lower angle 
of cell, and with some irregular patches on termen. 

Hah. Australia, 1 5 type t in Mus. Oxon. Exp. 52 millim. 

1801. Diacrisia phaea, n. sp. (Plate XLVI. fig. 17.) 

S . Head and thorax dark grey-brown ; palpi, lower part of 
frons, and antennae black, the palpi yellow below ; femora yellow 
above ; abdomen yellow above, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of black points. Fore wing grey-brown, with antemedial 
black spots on costa and on each side of vein 1 ; a point in upper 
angle of cell ; an indistinct postmedial line strongly excurved from 
costa to vein 3, then very obliquely incurved, with black spots at 
costa and on each side of vein 1, and slight dark marks beyond it 
below costa ; an indistinct oblique maculate line from apex to inner 
margin near the postmedial line ; some slight subterminal dark 
marks between veins 3 and 5. Hind wing pale grey-brown, the 
inner area tinged with yellow ; traces of a discoidal black point 
and slight subterminal black spots at veins 2 and 1. 

Hah. Bali (Doherty), 1 S type. Exp. 36 millim. 

1802. Diacrisia turensis. 

Spilosoma turensis, Ersch. Fedch. Eeise, Lep. p. 33, pi. 2. f. 29 (1874) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 245. 

Grey-brown ; palpi black ; antennae with the shaft whitish ; legs 



310 ARCTIAD^. 

whitish, banded with black, the femora orange above ; abdomen 
orange above, the base and extremity with whitish hair, dorsal, 
lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing with sub- 
basal black spot in cell ; an antemedial oblique series of spots from 
costa to median nervure and spot above vein 1 ; two points or a bar 
on discocellulars ; postmedial points on each side of vein 1 and 
sometimes one below costa. Hind wing with discoidal spot. 

Hah. C. Asia, Sarmakand, 7000 ft. {HaherJiauer), 1 J , 1 $ , 
Kuldja, Kisil-Kum, Tura, 1 d" , 1 $ . Exp., S 36, $ 42 millim. 

3803. Diacrisia fuscipennis. (Plate XLYI. fig. 23.) 

S'pilosoma fuscipenne, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 11 (1894). 

S . Antennae with the branches very short ; thorax and abdomen 
dark reddish brown ; palpi, frons at sides, and antennae black; legs 
streaked with blackish ; abdomen with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of blackish points. Fore wing fuscous brown ; an indistinct 
curved antemedial line ; an obscure discoidal point ; the indistinct 
postmedial line angled at lower angle of cell, then strongly incurved. 
Hind wing pale greyish brown, with obscure discoidal point. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas, Simla {Harford)^ 1 S type. Ex^). 
48 millim. 

1804. Diacrisia sordida. 

Bomhyx sordida, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ii. f. 151 (1827) ; Freyer, Neue 
Beitr. iv. p. 71, pi. 332. flF. 1, 2 ; id. vii. p. 136, pi. 677; Boisd. Icones, 
ii. p. 132, pi. 60. ff. 2-4; Dup. Lep. Fr. Suppl. iii. p. 58, pi. 4. ff. 5 a, 6 ; 
Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett. ii. p. 144, ff. 34-36 ; Mill. Lepidopterologie, 
Ti. p. 17, pi. ix. f. 11 ; Staud. Oat. p. 59 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 245. 

Bomhyx carhonis, Freyer, Neue Beitr. vii. p. 74, pi. 642. f. 4 (1854): 

(S . Fuscous brown ; hair on legs whitish ; femora yellowish 
above, black bands at extremity of femora, tibiae, and tarsi; abdomen 
at extremity and on ventral surface yellowish. Fore wing with 
obscure antemedial and medial lines angled on median nervure; two 
discoidal points ; the postmedial line excurved between veins 5 and 
3, then incurved ; a series of dark points on cilia. Hind wing 
sufi'used with black ; a slight discoidal spot. 

$ . Dull whitish brown ; palpi, sides of frons, and antennae tinged 
with black. Hind wing more or less suffused with black, with dis- 
coidal and some subterminal diffused fuscous spots. 

Ab. 1 . carhonis <S . Fuscous black, without markings. 

Hah. Norway, 4 c^ , Zeller Coll. ; Alps, 6^,7$, Zeller and Frey 
Colls. ; Pyrenees. Exp. 30 millim. 

1805. Diacrisia luctuosa. 

Bmnhyx luctuosa, Geyer, Eur. Schmett. ff. 338, 339 (1827) ; Freyer, Neue 
Beitr. iii. p. 94, pi. 260; Dup. Lep. Fr. Suppl. p. 7, pi. 51. If. l,a,h', 
Herr.-Schaff. Schmett. Eur. ii. p. 144 ; Staud. Oat. p. 59 ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 246. 

Arctia luguhris, Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett. ii. ff. 29, 30 (1844). 

S . Pale grey-brown; palpi, sides of frons, and antennae blackish; 



DIACRI8IA. 311 

thorax and terminal part of abdomen dorsally blackish ; femora 
above and ventral surface of abdomen yellowish. Fore wing with 
black antemedial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal spots on costa; 
antemedial black points on median nervure and vein 1 ; a medial 
point on vein 1 ; two discoidal points, a postmedial point on vein 1, 
and subterminal points below veins 7, 6, 3, and 1 ; a series of points 
on the cilia. Hind wing with obscure discoidal and some subterminal 
spots. 

Hah, E. Europe, Hungary, 3 d , 3 $ , Zeller& Frey Colls., Dalmatia, 
Greece. Exp. 30-34 millim. 

1806. Diacrisia meiidica. 

Bomhyx inendica, Olerck, Icones, pi. 3. f. 5 (1759) ; Linn. Faun. Suec. 

p. 259 ; Marsh. Trans. Linn, Soc. i. p. 72, pi. i. f. 3 ; Esp. Schmett. iii. 

(2) p. 218, pi. 42 ; Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ff. 148, 149 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. 

p. 356, pi. 37. ff. 1, 2; Steph. III. Brit. Ent., Haust. ii. p. 78 ; Stand. 

Oat. p. 59 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 225. 
Bomhyx luhricipeda, Poda, Mas. Graec. p. 87 (1761), nee Linn. 
Bomhyx murina, Hiifn. Berl. Mag. ii. (4) p. 424 (1766). 
Vhalcena punctata, Fourcr. Ent. Paris, ii. p. 270 (1785). 
Bomhyx rustica, Hiibn. Beitr. Schmett. ii. (3) p. 64, pi. 2, H (1827) ; id. 

Eur. Schmett. f. 150. 

S . Grey- brown ; palpi and antennae blackish ; legs orange-yellow 
striped with black ; fore femora clothed with orange hair, the mid 
and hind femora with whitish hair ; abdomen with slight dorsal, 
lateral, and sublateral series of black points, the anal tuft yellowish, 
the ventral surface whitish. Fore wing with antemedial black point on 
median nervure, medial and postmedial points above vein 1, a point 
at lower angle of cell. Hind wing with discoidal point ; three sub- 
terminal points towards costa and one below vein 2. 

$ . Ground-colour pure white ; wings more thinly scaled ; fore 
wing with more or less developed point in upper angle of cell, and 
often one or two additional points on costa. 

Ab. 1. rustica. Male white like the female. 

Ab. 2. $ . Wings more or less streaked and blotched with fus- 
cous, the terminal area sometimes suffused with fuscous. 

Hah. Europe except Arctic region, Germany, Zeller & Frey Colls., 
Hyeres {Yerhury) ; Bithynia ; Altai. Eccp., c^ 36, $ 40 millim. 

Larva. Meyr. Brit. Lep. p. 40 ; Barrett, Lep. Brit. ii. pi. 75. f. 2. 

Grey ; tubercles reddish ; hairs reddish brown ; head reddish, 
brown. Food-plants : Mumex, Myosotis, Plantago^ etc. 7-9. 

1807. Diacrisia sikkimensis. 

Eiich(stes sikkimensis, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 39, pi. 2. f. 12 (1879) ; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 14 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 237. 

c^ . Grey-brown ; palpi and antennse blackish ; neck with crimson 
patches ; legs blackish ; abdomen crimson above except at base and 
extremity, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore 
wing with the veins pale ; an obscure pale band from origin of 
vein 2 to inner margin. Hind wing fuscous black. 



312 ARCTIAD^. 

2 • Greyer ; fore wing with obscure dark postmedial band curved 
from costa to vein 3, then incurved ; an obscure sub terminal series 
of streaks in the interspaces. 

Hab. SiKHiM ; Assam, Khasis, 1 $ . £^up., d 34, 2 40 millim. 

1808. Diacrisia infernalis. 

Thanatarctiainfernalis, Bail. A.M.N.H. (4) xx. p. 395 (1877) ; id. 111. 
Het. B. M. ii'i. p. 7, pi. 42. f. 9 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 277. 

(5 . Black-brown ; neck with crimson ring ; tegulas edged with 
crimson behind ; pectus and coxae crimson ; abdomen crimson above, 
with dorsal and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface 
pale ; wings uniform black-brown. 

2 • Ochreous whitish ; 3rd joint of palpi and antennae blackish ; 
tegulse and sides of neck with some pinkish hair ; legs tinged with 
brown ; abdomen crimson above except at base and extremity, and 
with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing 
with broad fuscous postmedial band bent inwards to costa, attenuate 
in submedian fold, the veins crossing it pale, and with a pale spot 
beyond discocellulars. Hind wing with fuscous discoidal spot ; a 
curved postmedial line bent outwards to tornus; a subterminal series 
of spots. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with postmedial series of points from vein 5 to 
inner margin and a subterminal point above vein 5 ; hind wing 
immaculate. 

Hah. Japan, Yezo (Andrews), 1 cS , Oiwake {Pryer), 3 c? , 1 $ , 
Hakodate (Whitely),S d, 1 $ type. Kvjj., d 38, 2 46 millim. 

1809. Diacrisia fulvohirta. 

Alphaafulvohirta, Wlk. iii. 684 (1855) ; Buti. 111. Het. B. M. v. p. 31, pi. 85. 
f. 8 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 20 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 240. 

Head and thorax white ; palpi, lower part of frons, and antennas 
black-brown, the latter white towards tips ; tegulae with black-brown 
streaks and edged with orange ; patagia with black-brown streaks ; 
vertex of thorax black-brown; pectus and legs black-brown, the 

femora orange above and fringed 

with white below; abdomen 

clothed with rough orange hair 

above, whitish below, with lateral, 

sublateral, and ventral series of 

black spots. Fore wing dark brown; 

a white mark at base and short 

streak on base of inner margin ; 

series of irregularly rounded white 

¥igAj%-Biacrisiafidvoh^^^ i. spots in the interspaces forming 

(FromMotbsInd.vol.il.) ii i i. v i j- i 

^ ^ subbasal, antemedial, medial, 

postmedial, subterminal, and terminal series, the antemedial and 
medial angled at middle ; a spot beyond discocellulars ; the post- 
medial series somewhat excurved bej'ond cell ; the subterminal with 
the spots between veins 4 and 6 small, sometimes conjoined to the 




DIACRISIA. 



313 



terminal series. Hind wing white, the inner area sometimes tinged 
with yellow ; basal, antemedial, postmedial, and subterminal blackish 
spots on costa ; a discoidal lunuie; subterminal spots on each side 
of veins 5, 2, and 1, and sometimes two or three on apical half of 
termen. 

Hah. W. China, Chia-kou-ho, 1 J , Washan {Pratt), 1 $ ; Sikhim 
(Lidderdale), 7 d , type. Exy. 55 millim. 

1810. Diacrisia impleta. (Plate XLA^I. fig. 12.) 

H^/pcrcompa impleta, Wlk. xxxi. 286 (1864) ; Hnipsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 24 ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 240. 
AlphcBa abdominaUs, Moore, P. Z. S. 1867, p. 682. 

Head and thorax white tinged with yellow ; palpi, lower part o£ 
frons, and antennae black, the last whitish above towards tips ; teg- 
ulae edged with orange and with broad black stripes ; shoulders with 
black patches ; patagia with black spots ; vertex of thorax with 
broad black stripe ; pectus and legs black ; fore coxae edged with 
orange, femora with white patches ; abdomen orange above, whitish 
below, with dorsal, lateral, sublateral, and ventral series of black 
spots, the last two segments black. Fore wing black ; a white point 
at base ; subbasal, antemedial, medial, postmedial, and terminal 
series of yellowish-white 8])ots, the subbasal series with the spot 
below the cell large and produced, the medial series angled at median 
nervure and with a spot beyond it beyond the discocellulars ; the post- 
medial series curved, the spots between veins 2 and 5 small, and 
with two obliquely placed spots beyond it bdow costa towards apex; 
the terminal series irregular, with some of the spots not quite on 
termen ; some spots on the cilia. Hind wing orange-yellow ; sub- 
basal, medial, and postmedial black spots on costa ; a discoidal 
lunuie ; more or less developed postmedial and subterminal series of 
spots on the veins with the medial ones conjoined; a line on termen 
at apex sometimes more developed, dentate on vein 6 and extending 
to vein 2. 

Ab. 1. Patagia with black stripes ; abdomen black with orange 
segmental bands ; fore wing with the spots reduced, the postmedial 
series only represented by slight points ; cilia without spots ; hind 
wing with black streaks on the veins. — Khcisis. 

Hah. SiKHiM (Lidderdale), 3 d , 2 $ ; Assam, Khasis, 1 c^ . 
Eccjj., 6 54, 2 64 millim. 

1811. Diacrisia caesarea. 

Bombt/x ccssarea, Goeze, Eiit. Beytr. iv. (3) p. 63 (1781) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 276. 
Bombijx luctifera, Esp. Schmett. iii. p. 222, pi. 43. ff. 1-5 (1784) ; Hiibn. 

Eur. Schmett. f. 147 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. p. 354, pi. 36. f. 5 ; Staud. 

Oat. p. 59. 
Bombyx morio, Schrank, Fauna Boica, ii. (1) p. 250 (1801). 
Atolmis japonica, Wlk. xxxi. 223 (1864). 
Estigmene moerens, Butl. Cist. Ent. iii. p. 114 (18S5) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 277. 



314 



ARCTIAD^. 



Head, thorax, and 1st segment of abdomen fnscous black ; the 
rest of abdomen orange-yellow, with dorsal and lateral series of 
black spots ; wings black-brown, thinly scaled ; the terminal half 
of inner area of hind wing orange-yellow. 

Ab. 1. moerens. Hind wing withont yellow at tornus. 

Hah. EuEOPE, France, jSTice {Leach) ^ Germany, Zeller Coll., 
Silesia, Frey Coll., 1 (5,1 5 , Switzerland, Italy, Hungary, Bal- 
matia, Turkey, Russia, Bithynia ; Armenia. ; Amurland ; Japan 
{Fortune), 1 $ type japonica, Nikko {Pryer), 1 5 type mcerens ; 
N.E. China. Exy. 42 millim. 

Sect. II. {Aloa). Anteumu of male biserrate. 

A. Fore wing pure white, the veins streaked with black lineata. 

B. Fore wing yellowish white to flesh-colour. 

a. Fore wing with waved ante- and postmedial black lines... eugraphica. 
h. Fore wing with series of points or maculate bauds. 

Or. Fore wing tinged in part with brown in male, and 

largely with scarlet in female turbida. 

/)^ Fore wing not tinged with brown or scarlet subcarnea. 

C. Fore wing orange-yellow. 

a. Abdomen crimson. 

a^. Fore wing with blackish bands confluent at middle ... dido, 
b^. Fore wing without black bands. 

d^. Fore wing without black spots below costa.. niceta. 

b-. Fore wing with ante- and postmedial black spots 

below costa nebulosa. 

b. Abdomen orange ; fore wing with scarlet discoidal mark... subva)ia. 

D. Fore wing pale green aldaba. 

1812. Diacrisia lineata. (Plate XL VI. fig. 3.) 

Spilosoma lineata, Wlk. iii. 672 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 233. 
Aloa simplex, Wlk. iii. 699 (1855). 

ScBnura alba, WUgrn. Wien. ent. Mon. iv. p. 162 (1860). 
Spilarctia puella, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) i. p. 210 (1898). 

Pure white ; palpi black above, orange below ; antennae black ; 
sides of frons, basal joint of antennge, back of head, fore coxae, and 
femora above orange ; fore coxae with black patches, tibiae and tarsi 
black ; abdomen orange above, wbite below, with dorsal and lateral 
series of small black spots. Fore wing with the veins finely streaked 
with black except towards base of costal area. Hind wing with 
the inner area tinged with orange. 

Hah. Br. E. Africa, Sabaki Valley {Gregory), 1 c? , 1 $ , Usam- 
bara {Ler/ros), 1 (S ; N'Gamiland {Lugard), 1 d ; Helagoa Bat 
{Junod), 1 (S ; Natal, Durban {Gooch, Trimen, Gueinzius), type 
and type simplex. Exp., S 36, $ 42 millim. 

1813. Diacrisia eugraphica. 

Sjnlosoma eugraphica, Wlk. xxxi. 292 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 241. 
Aba undistr'iga, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 100. f. 21 (1874). 

Ochreous ; palpi and antennae black ; femora orange above, tibiae 
streaked with black, the tarsi black with whitish rings ; abdomen 
with orange bands, and also black bands except on basal segments. 



DIACRISIA. 315 

lateral and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing with black 
point at base ; highly and rather irregularly waved ante- and post- 
medial black lines, the latter bent outwards from below costa to 
vein 4 and sometimes with small spot beyond it above vein ; a 
discoidal point sometimes present. Hind wing pale yellow, with 
the inner area orange-yellow in male, uniform orange-yellow in 
female ; a black discoidal spot. 

Hah. Natal, 1 $ type, Karkloof {Marshall), 1 S, Exp. 50 
millim. 

18.14. Diacrisia turbida. 

S'pUarctia turbida, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) x. p. 158 (1882); Pageust. 

Zoologica, xii. (1+2) p. 49, pi. i. f. 17; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 231. 
Spilarctia meeki, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) iii. p. 234 (1899). 

S . Head and thorax ochreous white ; palpi, lower part of 
frons, and antennae black ; tegulae and patagia with black spots ; 
thorax with black stripe on vertex ; legs blackish, the fore coxae at 
sides and femora above crimson ; abdomen crimson above, ochreous 
below, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. 
Fore wing ochreous whitish suffused with brown except costal, 
inner, and terminal areas ; a subbasal black spot below the cell ; 
an antemedial maculate band angled on median nervure, then 
oblique ; a whitish spot at lower angle of cell : the postmedial black 
band represented by an oblique black striga in upper angle of cell 
and three points beyond it, a maculate band from vein 5 to just 
below vein 2 and a spot above vein 1 ; two striae below costa towards 
apex ; an oblique streak from apex to vein 5, some subterminal 
points from vein 5 to 3, and others further from termen on veins 
2 and 1. Hind wing crimson, with black discoidal spot, a sub- 
terminal spot above vein 5 and two towards tornus. Underside of 
fore wing suffused with crimson to beyond middle. 

$ . Thorax tinged with scarlet ; abdomen with large black spot 
and lateral and ventral bands on terminal segment ; fore wing with 
the ground-colour scarlet, except for some ochreous white on costa, 
inner margin, and termen ; the veins ochreous ; cilia black except 
towards tornus ; both wings with the black markings much more 
developed ; some black marks on apical half of termen and cilia. 

Hah. N. Guinea, Trobriand Is., Kiriwini (Meek), 1 $ ; Duke op 
York Is., 1 d type. Exp., <S 52, $ 60 millim. 

1815. Diacrisia subcarnea. 

Spilosoma subcarnea, Wlk. iii. 675 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 

Aloa hifrons, Wlk. iii. 705 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 

Aha leucoihorax, Feld. Wien. ent. Men. vi. p. 36 (1862) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 232. 
Spilosoma eruhescens, Moore, A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 89 (1877) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 231. 
Spilosoma rybaJcowi, Alph. Roin. Mem. ix. p. 171, pi. x. f. 9 (1897). 
Hyarias oberthuri, Semp. Schmett. Phil. ii. p. 489 (1899). 

S . Head and thorax yellowish white ; palpi crimson, black at 



316 



AECTIAD^. 



tips ; lower jDart of frons and antennae black ; fore coxae at sides 
and femora above crimson, tibiae and tarsi black ; abdomen crimson 
above except at base and extremity, the ventral surface yellowish 
white, dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore 
wing yellowish white with a fleshy tinge; an antemedial black 
point above vein 1 and a point in upper angle of cell usually present ; 
an oblique postmedial series of small spots from vein 3 to inner 
margin, which may be reduced to the point above vein 1 ; three 
obliquely placed subapieal points sometimes present. Hind wing 
crimson, with the cilia white, or whitish with the inner area suffused 
with crimson, or without crimson tinge ; a subterminal black spot 
below vein 2 sometimes present. Underside of fore wing usually 
more or less suffused with crimson ; hind wing with discoidal black 
point. 

2 . Wings yellowish white without crimson tinge, either im- 
maculate or with few spots. 

Ab. 1. rohustum. Patagia with black spots. 

Hah. Japan, Yokohama {Pnjer), 3 cT , 2 5 , Tokio (Fenton), 2 $ , 
Loo-choo (Pr2/<??'), 1 ^,12', Couea, Gensan (Leec/i), 1 $ ; China, 
Pekin, 1 c? , 2 $ , Shanghai (Fo7^tune)^ 2 S type hifrons, Chekiang 
{Pryer), 1 c^* type eriihescens, Hongkong (Bowrhtg, J. J. Walker), 
2 6,1 2 type. Ichang (Pratt), 2 ^ , Che-tou, 1 $, Chia-kou-ho 
(Pratt), 2 2 ; PoRMOSA (Hohson), 2 c? , 1 2 5 Philippines, Cebu, 
1 c? , 1 $ ; Celebes. E.vp., d 46, 2 58 millim. 

*1816. Diacrisia dido. 

Euprepia dido, M. Wagner, Keis. Algier, iii. p. 209, pi. 9 (1841) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 257. 

Head and thorax black-brown ; outer part of tegulae and patagia 
yellow ; palpi and frons crimson ; pectus crimson ; legs brown ; 
abdomen crimson, with dorsal and lateral spots, the last two 
segments and the ventral surface black-brown. Pore wing orange- 
yellow, with two black-brown spots on base of costa ; a fascia on 
basal half of inner margin ; an antemedial point below the cell ; 
antemedial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal irregular bands 
from costa to median nervure, where they are confluent and con- 
tinued to inner margin as two bands, the subterminal band emitting 
a fork to an apical patch and a fascia to middle of termen on which 
it expands towards the apex. Hind wing deep crimson, a yellow- 
edged black spot at origin of vein 2 ; a black discoidal lunule ; 
three subterminal spots towards costa and two towards tornus. 
Underside of fore wing with crimson costal fascia narrowing to a 
point at apex ; hind wing with three yellow-edged black medial 
spots towards costa and one below the cell, two postmedial spots 
below costa, three subterminal spots towards costa, and two towards 
tornus. 

Hab. Algiees. Fxp, 48 millim. This species is unknown to me. 



DIACRISIA. 317 

1817. Diacrisia niceta. 

Bombyx niceta, StoU, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 308, (1782) ; Kirby, Cut. Het. 

p. 912. 
Spilosoma metarhoda, Wlk. vii. 1695 (1856) ; Swinh. Cat. Ilet. Mus. Oxon. 

p. 184 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 230. 
Aretia eogena, Wlk. xxxi. 280 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 232. 
Areas Mjparhoda, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) x. p. 159 (1882) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 254. 
Areas semirosea, Butl. A. M. N. H. (5) xix. p. 217 (1887) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 254. 

Head and thorax orange ; palpi crimson, the 3rd joint black ; 
frons tinged with crimson ; antennae black ; pectus, coxse, and femora 
crimson, the rest of legs black ; abdomen crimson, with dorsal, 
lateral, and snblateral series of black spots. Fore wing orange or 
ochreons, with the interspaces brownish; a black point at base 
almost always present ; an antemedial black spot above vein 1 
usually present ; a spot in end of cell almost always present ; three 




Fig. 143. — Diacrisia niceta, (^ . \. 

spots between vein 2 and inner margin, sometimes reduced to two- 
or one or absent. Hind wiiig deep crimson, with black discoidal 
spot usually large ; cilia yellow. Underside of fore wing crimson. 

Fore wing often with vein 10 anastomosing with 11. 

Hah. Philippines, Manilla, type t metarhoda in Mus. Oxon. ; Bat- 
CHiAN ( WaUaca), type t eogena in Mus. Oxon. ; Amboina ; Gilolo : 
MiTsoL; Ternate ; t) ov.i^Y {Wallace) ; N. Guinea, Kapaur (Do/ier^^/)' 
1 (5 , 1 $ ; LouisiADEs, St. Aignan {Meeh), 1 d" , 1 $ ; N. Ireland' 
{G. Brown), 1 $ ; N. Britain, 1 cS ; Solomon Is. (Woodford, 
Matheiu), 3 S type semirosea ; Duke of York Is. {Matheiv), 2 2 
type hyporlioda. Eocp., S 50, 5 60 millim. 

1818. Diacrisia nebulosa. 

Bhyjparioides nebidosa, Butl. A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 396 (1877) • id. 111. Het. 

B. M. ii. p. 5, pi. 23. f. 2 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 250. 
Bhtjparioides simplicior, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc, 1881, p. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 250. 

Head and thorax fulvous yellow ; palpi, frons, and antennae 
black-brow ij, the palpi scarlet below ; pectus and legs scarlet, the 
latter streaked with brown ; abdomen scarlet, with dorsal and 
lateral series of black spots. Fore wing fulvous yellow, the inner 



318 ARCTIAD^. 

half more or less tinged with black ; the costal edge black ; traces 
of a medial line oblique from costa to median nervure, where it is 
angled, and with two black spots on it towards costa ; a black point 
in upper angle of cell and obscure discoidal spot ; traces of a post- 
medial line excurved bej-ond cell and with some blackish marks 
beyond it below costa ; some obscure subterminal spots ; cilia with 
series of black spots. Hind wing scarlet, with antemedial maculate 
black band, not reaching costa or inner margin ; a large discoidal 
spot; some conjoined subterminal spots towards costa and larger 
spots on veins 2 and 1. Underside of fore wing scarlet, with spot in 
middle of cell; a medial band angled below the cell; a large discoidal 
epot and some postmedial spots. 

Hah. Japan, Tezo (Prt/er), 3 cS , ^ $ , (Jonas) 1 c? type, Oiwake 
(Pryer), 1 c? , 1 $ , Tokio (Fenton), 2 c5 , 2 $ , type simplicioy\ Hako- 
date {Andreivs)^ 1 S , Hakone {Leecli)^ 1 S . Exp. 50-60 millim. 

1819. Diacrisia subvaria. 

Liacnsia subvaria, Wlk. iii. 637 (1855) ; Eutl. 111. Het. B. M. ii. p. 5, pi. 23. 
f. 3 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 249. 

(5' . Fulvous yellow ; palpi, frons, and antennae dark brown, the 
palpi scarlet below ; pectus and legs brown, the coxae at sides and 
femora above scarlet ; abdomen orange, with dorsal and lateral 
series of black spots, the ventral surface scarlet. Fore wing with 
black point in middle of cell ; a fuscous spot at lower angle of cell, 
a scarlet mark on discocellulars, and black points in and beyond 
upper angle ; cilia with fuscous spots. Hind wing scarlet ; a medial 
black point below cell ; a large discoidal spot ; some conjoined sub- 
terminal spots towards costa and spots on veins 2 and 1. Under- 
side of fore wing scarlet, with spot in cell, large discoidal spot, and 
some postmedial spots. 

2 • Fore wing with some antemedial rufous spots below the cell, 
u medial series angled on median nervure, a postmedial series 
excurved beyond the cell, and some subterminal spots. Hind wing 
with more complete medial series of spots. 

Hab. 'N. China (Fortune), 2 c? type, Hongkong {Bowring), 1 2 ; 
C. & W. China, Tao-pin, Ichang (Pratt), 1 S , Chang-yang (Pratt), 
1 c? , Ningpo, 2 c? , 2 $ , Moupin (Kricheldorff), 1 J , 1 9 • Exp. 48 
millim. 

*1820. Diacrisia aldaba. 

Eosema aldaba, Dognin, Ann. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxxviii. p. 242 (1894) ; id. 
Lep. Loja, iv. p. 113, pi. 12. f. 12 (1896). 

S . Head whitish ; palpi scarlet, with the 3rd joint black ; 
antennae scarlet; thorax pale green ; legs tinged with scarlet, the 
fore legs streaked with black ; abdomen yellowish. Fore wing 
pale green ; a scarlet costal stripe; a black point at lower angle of 
cell ; the postmedial black line dentate, obsolescent, strongly angled 
inwards in discal fold and to middle of submedian fold, then bent 



DIACRISIA. 319 

outwards again ; cilia ochreous. Hind wing paler green ; cilia 
ochreous. 

Hah. Ecuador, Loja, 1 (S type t in (^oH- Dognin. Exjj. 30 
millim. 

Sect. III. (Isia). Antennas of male ciliated. 

A. Fore wing with series of points isabella. 

B. Fore wing with two discoidal points placida. 

C. Fore wing with dark maculate bands, the veins orange, defined 

on terminal area by black streaks intricata. 

1821. Diacrisia isabella. 

Phalcena Isabella, Abbot & Smith, Lep. Georg. ii. pi. 66(1797); Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 244. 
Pyrrharctla californica, Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. iii. p. 121 (1864). 

(S . Brownish yellow-bufF ; femora scarlet above ; tibiae and tarsi 
blackish above ; abdomen with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series 
of black spots. Eore wing with traces of anteraedial and medial 
lines acutely angled on median nervure where on the former there is 
a black point ; a black point in lower angle of cell and two beyond 




Fig. 144. — Diacrisia isabella, J . \. 

it ; traces of a postmedial line excurved between veins 5 and 3 ; 
an obliqae blackish streak from apex, and a subterminal series of 
points on each side of veins 5 to 2. Hind wing semihyaline 
yellowish, the termen slightly tinged with scarlet ; a blackish mark 
on discocellulars and point at lower angle of cell ; a subterminal 
series of obscure black spots. 

5 . Hind wing orange-scarlet, the inner area more orange. 
Hah, U.S.A., N. York, Trenton Palls, 2 J , 3 $ , Massachusetts, 
3 cT , 1 2 5 Grote & Zeller Colls., California. Exp. 50-60 millim. ' 
Egg. Pack. Ann. N. Y. Ac. Sci. viii. p. 76. 

White, hemispherical, under a high power seen to be marked 
with a network of fine irregularly polygonal areas with slightly 
thickened edges. 

Larva. Stage 1. Head dark chestnut; prothoracic shield irregular 
with a transverse furrow behind middle, four hairs in front and 
two behind ; the 2nd and 3rd somites with transverse series of four 
flattened, dark brown, conical tubercles, the two inner larger and 
bearing two hairs ; abdominal tubercles with single hair ; hairs 
long, spinulate, some longer anteriorly and posteriorly. 



320 AECTlADiK. 

Stage 2. Prothoracic shield crescentic ; wrtas concolorous reddish, 
with 5 to 6 hairs ; hair dark brown ; body livid purplish. 

Stage 3. The hair on somites 1-4 and 7-10 black-brown, on 
median somites pale brownish with a few black ones ; head pale 
horn-colour. 

Stage 4 to adult. Head dark chestnut ; somites 1-5 black, the 
tubercles and hair of somite 5 and the somites 6-8 reddish- brown, 
somites 9, 10 black ; the 2nd somite with a few red hairs ; some of 
the anterior and posterior hairs very long. Pood-plants, ' wild cherry ^ 
and oak. 

1822. Diacrisia placida. 

Euprepia placida, Friv. Magy. Tucl. Tars. Evk. ii. p. 271, pi. vii. f. 5 (1835) ; 
Herr.-Schaff. Eur. Schmett. ii. p. 142, ff. 31-32; Mill. Lepidopterologie, 
ii. p. 4, pi. 8. f. 5 ; Staud. Cat. p. 59 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 245. 

c? . Head and thorax pale red-brown ; antennae whitish ; femora 
crimson above ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal and lateral 
series of black spots, the ventral surface brown. Fore wing pale 
red-brown ; two black discoidal points. Hind wing crimson, the 
margins and cilia pale red-brown ; two black discoidal spots and 
subterminal spots below apex and on veins 2 and 1. 

Hah. Asia Minor ; Turkestan, 1 S > Zeller Coll., Kuldja, 
(LansdeU) 1 d" . ^^p. 40 millim. 

1823. Diacrisia intricata. (Plate XLYI. fig. 9.) 
Isia intricata, Wlk. vii. 1698 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 233. 

c? . Head and thorax white ; palpi, frons, and antennae black, 
the frons with orange bar above ; tegulae with black points; shoul- 
ders with orange streaks ; tegulae edged with orange and streaked 
with fuscous at extremity; legs black banded with orange: abdomen 
orange, with dorsal and lateral series of black points, the ventral 
surface white, the segments fringed with orange and with sublateral 
series of fuscous points. Fore wing flesh-white ; a subbasal series 
of short fuscous streaks with the veins between them orange, the 
streaks longer on costa ; an antemedial series of points slightly 
excurved below costa ; a medial band formed of quadrate fuscoas 
spots with the veins between them orange, angled at median nervure; 
an orange discoidal lunule with black spots on its edges ; a post- 
medial series of points excurved from vein 7 to 4 ; the veins of 
terminal area streaked with orange, with small fuscous spots between 
them towards costa beyond the postmedial line and wedge-shaped 
spots towards inner margin ; the veins with black streaks on each 
side of them at termen, those at veins 6, 7 longer, and at veins 3, 
4 reaching to near the postmedial line. Hind wing with the costal 
half yellowish white, the inner half, veins, and cilia orange; 
terminal black points on each side of veins 3, 4, and a discoida Ipoint. 

2 . Hind wing orange, with fuscous discoidal lunule ; a spot, 
below middle of cell ; a postmedial series of fuscous streaks on each 
side of the veins with no streaks between veins 3, 4, and the streaks 
near veins 5, 2, and 1 larger. 



ACANTHARCTIA, 321 

Hah. Beazil, Rio Janeiro, 2 $ , Sao Paulo {Jones), 1 (5*, 2 5 . 
Edcp., S 38, 2 48 millim. Type in Mus. Oxon. 

Subsp. 1. alcumena, Berg, An. Soc. Argent, xiii. p. 213 (1832): Kirby, 
Oat. Het. p. 229. 

S . Thorax and hind wing entirely white. 

Hob. Argentina, type f 05* in Mus. Buenos Ayres. 



Genus ACANTHARCTIA. 

Acantharctia, Auriy. Ent. Tidskr. 1899, p. 241 



Type. 

nivea. 



Proboscis aborted, minute; palpi porrectto just beyond frons, which is tufted 
with hair ; antennae of male bipectinate ; vertex of head with oblique flattened 
corneous plate depressed at middle ; fore tibijB short, with long curved claw at 
extremity on inner side and short claw on outer ; hind tibia with the spurs 
absent. Fore wing rather narrow, with vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 4, 5 
from angle; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell. Hind 
wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from just above angle ; 6, 7 shortly 
stalked ; 8 from before middle of cell. 

A. Fore wing with broad black fasciae in the interspaces onetaleuca. 

B. Fore wing without broad fasciae in the interspaces. 

a. Hind wing yellow vittata. 

h. Hind wing white. 

a^. Fore wing with the cilia orange jiavicosta. 

h^. Fore wing with the cilia white nivea. 

1824. Acantharctia metaleuca, n. sp. (Plate XLYI. fig. 18.) 

Yellowish white ; palpi, sides of frons, and branches of antennse 
blackish ; vertex of head orange ; a dorsal black stripe on tegulae 
and vertex of thorax ; legs fuscous, the femora orange above ; 
abdomen orange above except at base, with dorsal series of black 
bands and lateral series of points. Fore wing with black fasciae 
from base to termen through the cell and in submedian interspace, 
narrowing towards base and termen; streaks in the terminal inter- 
spaces above veins 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, those above veins 4 and 7 shorter. 
Hind wing whiter, sometimes with discoidal point. 

Hab. Br. E. Africa, Athi-ya-Mawe (Betton), 9 (^ type, Nairobi, 
2 ,5 , Kiu (Orawshay), 1 (^ 1 § . Exp. 36-40 millim. 

1825. Acantharctia vittata. (Plate XLVI. fig. 6.) 

Acantharctia vittata, Auriv. Ent. Tidskr. 1899, p. 242. 

(5 , Head and thorax dull white with some orange between 
antennae, which are black, and edging the patagia ; legs tinged 
with fuscous, the femora orange above ; abdomen orange, with 
dorsal series of black spots and two lateral series of points, the 
ventral surface pale. Fore wing yellowish white, with more or 
less developed blackish streaks in discal and submedian folds ; the 
costa towards apex, the cilia, and inner margin yellow. Hind wing 
yellow. 

Bah. Bechtjan ALAND ; Natal, Weenen, 1 cS . Eocp. 40 millim. 

VOL. III. Y 



322 



AECTIA D^. 



1826. Acantharctia flavicosta. (Plate XLVI. fig. 21.) 
Amsacta flavicosta, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 53 (1900), 

c? . Head orange; palpi black above; antennae with the branches 
black ; thorax white, the tegulae and patagia edged with yellow ; 
tibiae and tarsi fuscous above ; abdomen orange, with dorsal black 
bands and lateral series of points. Fore wing white, the costal 
area and cilia orange ; the inner margin yellowish. Hind wing 
white ; the cilia orange at apex. 

Hob. Masfonaland, Salisbury (Marshall), 5 cJ type. Exp. 38 
millim. 

*1827. Acantharctia nivea. 

Acantharctia nivea, Auriv. Eat. Tidskr. 1899, p. 242. 

(S . Pure white ; palpi yellowish, black above ; frons orange ; 
vertex of head and tegulae with some orange ; antennae with the 
branches blackish ; pectus and legs yellow and brown ; abdomen 




Fig. 145. — Acantharctia nivea 



orange dorsally banded with black and with black lateral stri]>eR ; 
wings thinly scaled ; fore wing with the costa and inner margin 
yellowish. 

Hah. Congo, type t d in Mus. Stockholm. Eocp. 36 millim. 



Genus AMSACTA. 
Amsacta, Wlk. iv. 804 (1855) 



Type. 
marginahi 



Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porreet to just beyond the frons and fringed 
below with long hair ; frons usually clothed with rough hair ; fore tibiae with 
a more or less developed curved claw on inner side and. short claw on outer; 
hind tibiae with one pair of spurs.* Fore wing with vein 3 from close to angle 
of cell ; 4, 5 from angle; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 free. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell ; 5 from just above angle ; 6, 7 
from upper angle or shortly stalked ; 8 from middle of cell. 



Sect. I. Antennae of male bipectinate. 

A. Fore wing red-brown, with the margins orange 



!B. Fore wing with the ground-colour white tinged with 
yellow or pink. 
a. Fore wing with broad fuscous fascise in the inter- 



marginalis. 



melanogastra. 



* In A. gangara, cardinalis, lactinea, and negrita the medial spurs are 
usually present, though very minute. 



AMSACTA. 323 

b. Fore wing without broad fasciae in interspaces, 
a}. Head orange on vertex. 

a^. Fore wing with the veins streaked with black... grammvphlcbia. 
IP-. Fore wing with the veins not streaked with 

black bivittata. 

P. Head white on vertex. 
a~. Abdomen orange above. 

a-\ Fore wing with well-defined crimson fascia 

on costa , insolaia. 

h^. Fore wing without crimson fascia on costa... lineola ah. 
i^. Abdomen crimson above lineola. 

1828. Amsacta marginalis. 

Amsacta marginalis, Wlk. iv. 805 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 466. 

S . Head and thorax red-brown, the head tinged with orange ; 
antennae with the branches blackish ; abdomen orange, with dorsal 




Fig. 146. — Amsacta marginalis, (^ . \. 

black bands on each segment. Fore wing red -brown, the costa and 
inner margin narrowly orange. Hind wing fuscous brown, the cilia 
orange on tornal half. 

Hah. SiEREA Leone, 2 S type. Exy. 30 millim. 

1829. Amsacta melanogastra. 

Cycnia melanogastra, Holl. Don. Smith's Travels p. 410, pi. — f. 10 (1897). 

Head and thorax grey ; tegulae and patagia edged with orange ; 
femora orange above ; abdomen orange, with dorsal black patch 
from 2nd segment to extremity, lateral and sublateral series of 
black points, the area between them grey, the ventral surface 
ochreous. Fore wing brownish grey, the costal area yellow, the 
veins streaked with yellow ; the inner area yellow with a grey- 
brown fascia ; the inner margin, points on discocellulars, and the 
cilia orange. Hind wing orange-yellow. 

Hah. SoMALiLAND, type t $ in Coll. Holland ; Be. E. Africa, 
Athi-ya-Mawe (Beiton), 1 cTjEikuyu {Craivshay), 1 ^T . E^p. 
50 millim. 

1830. Amsacta grammiphlebia, n. sp. (Plate XLYI. fig. 4.) 

Head orange ; palpi at sides and antennae black ; tegiilsd yellow 
edged with orange ; patagia and thorax pale yellow ; sides of pectus 
and femora above orange ; mid tibiae and the tarsi black ; abdomen 
orange, with black dorsal streak and segmental lines except on 

y2 



324 AKCTIAD^. 

basal and terminal segments ; the ventral surface pale yellow 
with subventral black lines. Pore wing very pale yellow, the 
veins, cell, and submedian fold with fine black streaks. Hind wing 
pale yellow, the inner area tinged with orange. 

Hah. Mashonaland, Salisbury {Marshall), 3 S type. Eocp. 50 
millim. 

1831. Amsacta Mvittata. 

Aha hivittata, Butl. P. Z. S. 1898, p. 417, pi. xxxii. f. 3. 

S . Head orange ; palpi and sides of frons fuscous ; antennae 
white above, black below ; thorax whitish, tinged with ochreous in 
front, a dorsal black stripe ; legs fuscous, the femora orange above ; 
abdomen orange above, the hair at base white ; the ventral surface 
white, a dorsal series of black bars and lateral and sublateral series 
of spots. Fore wing white, the costal area tinged with ochreous ; 
a fuscous streak in discal fold extending just into end of cell; 
a streak above terminal part of vein 6. Hind wing pure white. 
Underside of fore wing with the costal area orange. 

Hah. Br. E. Apeica, M'bana (Betton), 1 (S type. Exp. 32 
millim. 

1832. Amsacta insolata. 

Aloa insolata, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 404, pi. 43. f. 15 ; Hmpsn. Moths 
Ind. ii. p. 28 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 223. 

Pure white; palpi scarlet at sides, the 3rd joint black; antennas 
black, the basal joint scarlet ; patagia with black points ; fore coxae 
and femora above scarlet ; tibiae and tarsi black and white ; abdo- 
men orange, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots, 
the anal tuft and ventral surface white. Fore wing with scarlet 
costal fascia not reaching apex ; a black point at lower angle 
of ceU, and sometimes ante- and postmedial points above vein 1 and 
subterminal point above vein 5. Hind wing with black discoidal 
spot. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with black antemedial point below median 
nervure and brownish streak below its terminal half. 

Hah. BuEMA, Thyetmyo (Wohle), 1 <5 type, Myingyan (Watson), 
2 cJ , 2 $ . Ea^p., (S 34, $ 40 millim. 

1833. Amsacta lineola. 

Bomhi/x Uneola,¥ahr. Ent. Syst. iii. (1) p. 465 (1793). 

Crcaionotus emittens, Wlk. iii. 638 (1855) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 28 ; 

Moore, Lep. Ceyl. ii. p. 74, pi. 108. f. 3, 3 a ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 242. 
Spilosoma punctistriga, Wlk. Cat. iii. p. 676 (1855) ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. 

V. p. 30, pi. 85. f. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 242. 
Aloa candidnla, Wlk. iii. 704 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 242. 
Aloa diminuta, Wlk. iii. 705 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 242. 
Spilosoma strigata, Wlk. Char. Lep. Het. p. 10 (1869). 
CreatonoUis rubricosta, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 573 ; Kirby, Cat. Het, 

p. 242. 
Aloa flora, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 296, pi. 20. f. 5; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 242. 

Head and thorax white tinged with pink; antennae with the 



AMSACTA. 325 

branches blackish, the shaft tinged with pink ; fore coxse and 
femora above crimson, tibiae striped with iuscous ; abdomen crimson 
above, whitish below, with dorsal series of black spots and lateral 
and some sublateral points. Fore wing white tinged with pink ; a 
narrow crimson fascia on costa ; a black fascia below the cell from 
before middle to extremity, continued below vein 4 to its middle ; 
a short subterminal streak above vein 5. Hind wing nearly pure 
white, sometimes with black discoidal spot, and subterminal spot 
above vein 5. 

Ab. 1. flora. Fore wing with the fascia reduced to very short 

streaks or points below end of cell, the streak above vein 5 absent ; 

antemedial points above vein 1 and below cell sometimes present. 

Ab. 2. Ground-colour of fore wing nearly pure white. — N. India. 

{a) candidula. Fore wing with the fascia below the cell as in 

typical form. 
(6) pimctistriga. Fore wing with the fascia reduced as in 

flora, 
{c) rabrieosta. Fore wing with one point at lower angle of 
cell only. 
Ab. 3. All the red replaced by orange ; fore wing tinged with 
ochreous. 

{a) Fore wing with broad fascia below the cell and streaks 

above veins 3, 4, 5. — Assam. 
(b) Fore wing with point at lower angle of cell only. — 
Kashmir. 
Hab. Kashmir, 2 c? ; N.W. Himalayas, Simla (Harford), 3 c^ ; 
Punjab, type $ strigata, Manipur, 1 (5,1 $ , type rubricosta, Kulu 
{G. Young), 2 S ', Nepal, 2 (S type candidula; Assam, 2 $ ; N. 
India, 1 $ type punctistriga ; Calcutta, 1 2 ; Kutch, 1 c? , 1 5 ; 
Bombay, 2 cS .^2 2 type flora ; India (Mrs. Hamilton), type dimi- 
nuta ; Jubbulpore, 4 c? , 2 $ ; Belgaum, 1 S ', Mysore, IShimoga 
(Watson), 1 <5; Coimbatore {WaViouse),! J , 1 $ ; Travancore 
(Fellows- Wilson), 1 2 ; Ceylon (Nietner, Yerburg), 4 d* , 3 § , type 
eynittens. Exp., (S 30, 2 38 millim. 

Sect. II. Antennae of male serrate. 

A. Tegulse edged with scarlet or abnorinally with orange. 

a. Fore wing with postmedial series of black spots . . . costalis. 

b. Fore wing without postmedial series of black 

spots. 
a^. Fore wing with broad black-brown streaks on 

the vein s , ga ngara. 

h^. Fore wing without streaks on the veins. 
a^. Abdomen scarlet. 

a^. Hind wing with the termen j'ellow fiavimargo. 

P. Hind wing with the termen not yellow. 

a*. Abdomen with dorsal black bands coUaris. 

b^. Abdomen with dorsal black spots. 

a^. Fore wing with black spot at upper 

angleofcell cardinalis. 

h^. Fore wing without black spot at upper 

angleofcell ...., marginata oh. 



326 ARCTIAD^. 

U^. Abdomen orange. 

a^. Fore wing with the ground-colour white... lact'mea. 
P. Fore wing with the ground-colour black ... negrita. 
IB. Tegulge not edged with scarlet or orange. 
a. Fore wing with the ground-colour white. 

a^. Fore wing with the veins not defined with 
brown. 

a^. Patagia with black points moorei. 

U^. Patagia without black points marginata. 

h^. Fore wing with the veins broadly defined by 

olive-brown moloneyi. 

h. Fore wing with the ground-colour pale brown albistriga. 

1834. Amsacta costalis. 

Aloa costalis, Wlk. xxxi. 301 (18B4) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 224. 

Aha corsima, Swinh. Cat. Het. Mus. Oxon. p. 171, pi. iv. f. 1 (1892). 

5 . Pure white ; palpi crimson at base, black at tips ; antennae 
black ; back of head, edges of teguloe, stripes on shoulders, fore 
coxse, and femora above scarlet ; patagia with black spots ; legs 
striped with black ; abdomen scarlet, the anal tuft and ventral 
surface white ; dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. 
Fore wing with scarlet costal fascia ; a small black spot at base of 
cell ; a curved series of three antemedial spots ; spots at the two 
angles of cell ; a postmedial scries excurved below eosta, then oblique; 
subterminal spots on costa and veins 5 and 2 and a terminal series. 
Hind wing with discoidal lunule ; a terminal series of spots, those 
at veins 5, 2 and towards tornus larger and quadrate or elongate, 
forming an interrupted band. 

Ab. 1. corsima. Wings strongly tinged with ochreous. 

Ilab, N. Australia (Elsey), 3 $ type, Port Essington, type J 
corsima in Mus. Oxon. Exjj. 50 millim. 

1835. Amsacta gangara. 

Aloa gangara, Swinh. Cat. Het. Mus. Oxon. p. 171, pi. iv. f. 2 (1892). 

^ . White ; palpi black, scarlet at base ; antennae black, the 
basal joint, back of head, and edges of tegulae scarlet ; patagia 
and vertex of thorax striped with black ; legs striped with black, 
the fore coxae and femora above scarlet ; abdomen scarlet above, 
white below, a dorsal series of short black bands, and lateral and 
snblateral series of black spots. Pore wing with the costal edge 
black, with scarlet fascia below it ; the veins broadly striped with 
black-brown, two conjoined discoidal spots; a fine terminal line. 
Hind wing with discoidal black spot ; a fascia in submedian fold 
not reaching base ; a terminal band with slightly waved inner edge 
and slight white spots below apex and in submedian fold ; cilia 
white. 

Ab. 1. All the scarlet markings replaced by orange. — W. Aus- 
tralia. 

ffab. N. Atjstealia, King George's Sound, type f in Mus. Oxon. ; 
W. Australia, 1 c? . Krjp. 50 millim. 



AMSACTA. 327 

*183G. Amsacta flavimargo. (Plate XLVI. fig. 14.) 

Creatonotus Jlavimargo, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 27 (1894). 

(S . Pure white ; palpi scarlet at base, black at tips ; antennae 
black, white towards tips, the basal joint, back of head, edges of 
tegulae, stripes on shoulders, fore coxae, femora and tibia3 above 
scarlet ; legs striped with black, tarsi ringed with black ; patagia 
with black points ; abdomen scarlet, the ventral surface white, 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black points. Pore wing 
with scarlet costal fascia ; a black point at upper angle of cell. 
Hind wing with terminal yellow band and subterminal black spots 
above vein 5 and below vein 2. 

Hah. Burma, Bhamo {Fea), type cS in Mus. Genova. Ex^. 50 
millim. 

1837. Amsacta cardinalis. 

Areas cardinalis, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 22 (1875) ; Semp. Schmett. Phil, 
ii. pi. Ivii. ff. 3, 4 & pi. P. ff. 6, 7 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 224. 

2 . Pure white ; palpi black, the Ist and 2nd joints crimson 
below ; antennae black ; back of head and edge of tegulse crimson ; 
shoulders striped with crimson ; patagia with black spots ; fore 
coxae crimson with black patches ; femora crimson above ; tibiae 
and tarsi striped with black ; abdomen scarlet above, with dorsal, 
lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Pore wing with 
crimson costal fascia ; small black spots at angles of cell. Hind 
wing with black discoidal spot; a quadrate patch on termen. 
between veins 4 and 6, a small spot below vein 4, and a patch from 
vein 3 to inner margin. 

Ab. 1. Pore wing with ante- and postmedial black points above 
vein 1 ; hind wing with the patches on termen reduced to points 
below vein 2 and on each side of vein 5. — Celebes. 

Hab. Philippines, 1 2 type ; Celebes, 1 $ . Ea^j). 70-76 
millim. 

Larva. Black-brown ; head red-brown, with black frontal stripe ; 
stigmata white ; legs red-brown. 

1838. Amsacta collar is. 

Moa collarif^, Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. viii. p. 54, pi. 140. f. 18 (1891); id. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 27 ; Eirby, Cat. Het. p. 223. 

Pure white ; palpi scarlet, the 3rd joint black ; antennae black, 
the basal joint and back of head scarlet ; edges of tegulae, stripes 
on shoulders, fore coxae, femora and tibiae above scarlet ; fore coxae 
with black spots, tibiae striped with black, the tarsi ringed with 
black ; abdomen scarlet, with dorsal black bands and triangular 
patch on terminal segment, the ventral surface with lateral black 
fasciae, sublateral series of spots and bands, and patch on terminal 
segments. Pore wing with black point at base ; points at the 



328 4?iCTIAD^. 

two angles of cell, and ante- and postmedial points above vein 1. 
Hind wing with discoidal lunule and four, usually large, spots just 
before termen. 

Hob. Bombay, 1 S ; Nilgikis, W. slopes {Ham^son), 5 c? , 
type. F.vj). 46-50 millim. 

1839. Amsacta lactinea. 

Bomhyx lactinea, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 133, D (1777) ; Hmpsn. Moths 

Ind. ii. p. 27 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 223. 
Bomhyx sanguinolenta, Fabr. Eat. Syst. iii. (1) p. 473 (1793); Moore, Lep. 

Ceyl. ii. p. 74, pi. 108. £f. 6, 6a; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 223. 
Aha marginata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1883, p. 15, pi. 5. f. 1. 
Bhodogastria frederici, Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 223 (1892). 

Pure white; palpi crimson, black at tips; antennae black; vertex 
of head, neck, edges of tegulse, stripes on shoulders, fore coxae, and 




rig. 147. — Amsacta lactinea^ c?. \. (From Moths Ind. vol. ii.) 

femora above crimson ; patagia usually with black points ; fore 
coxae with black patches, fore and mid tibiae striped with black, the 
tarsi banded with black ; abdomen orange above except basal 
segment and anal tuft, dorsal black bands, lateral stripes, and 
sublateral series of points. Fore wing with crimson costal fascia ; 
black points usually present at angles of cell, and often ante- and 
postmedial points above vein 1. Hind wing usually with discoidal 
black lunule and four subterminal spots, any of which may be 
absent. 

Ab. 1. marginata. Hind wing with complete terminal black 
band. — Nepal. 

Hah. Japan, Tokio {Jonas, Fenton), 2 2 » Oiwake (Pryer), 1 (S , 
Yokohama (Manley), 1 $ ; W. China, Chia-ting-fu, ] $ , Ichang 
(Pratt), 1 c? ; S. China, Swatow, 1 $ ; Foemosa, 2 c? ; Kashmik, 
Scinde Valley (Leech), 1 c^" , 1 $ ; Punjab, Sultanpur (G. Young), 
1 2 » Jubbulpur (Miss F. Butler), 1 c? , 1 $ ; Nepal (Ramsay), 
1 $ type marginata ; Calcutta, Barrackpur, 1 $ ; Bombay (Sivin- 
lioe), 1 $ ; NiLGiEis, (Hampson), 1 S ; Shevaeoys (Morris), 1 $; 
Ceilon (Templeton), 1 5 ; Buema, Moulmein (OlerJc), 2 $ , Eangoon 
(Bingham), 1 ^ ; Java (Horsjield, KirJcpatricJc), 5 c? , 6 $ . 
F.vp.j d 56, $ 66 millim. 



AMSACTA. 329 

Larva. Moore, Lep. E. I. C. pi. 16. f. 12. 

Black, with lateral, tufts of red-brown hair ; a lateral series of 
scarlet spots ; dorsal, subdorsal, and subspiracular series of black 
spots; 3rd, 4th, and 5th somites with sublateral spots, terminal 
somite with two spots only. Pood-plant, Menisjpermum glabrum. 

1840. Amsacta negrita. (Plate XLVI. fig. 13.) 

Creatonotos negritus, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 28 (1894) ; Swinh. A. M. N. H. 
(6) xiv. p. 436. 

Head fuscous-black and white ; palpi scarlet below ; back of 
head, edges of tegulge, stripes on shoulders, and stripes on fore and 
mid femora above scarlet ; tegula3 with black band, patagia with 
black spots ; legs black and white ; abdomen orange above, white 
below, with broad black bands and lateral fasciae, the anal tuft 
white. Pore wing fuscous black, with white fasciae in terminal 
half of cell, submedian fold, and base of inner margin ; the costal 
edge scarlet towards apex ; cilia white. Hind wing fuscous black, 
with diffused white streaks in cell and basal half of submedian 
fold ; cilia white. 

Hah. Assam, Khasis, 1 (5 1 $ , type. Exp. bQ millim. 



1841. Amsacta moorei. 

Areas moorei, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 23 (1876); id. 111. Het. B. M. v. p. 28, 

pi. 85. f. 2 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 27 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 224. 
Aloa sara, Swiuh. P. Z. S. 1889, p. 404 ; Xirby, Cat. Het. p. 223. 

Pure white ; palpi scarlet at sides, black at tips ; antennae black, 
the basal joint and back of head scarlet ; streaks on shoulders, fore 
coxae at sides, and femora above scarlet, the fore coxae with black 
spots, the tibiae streaked and the tarsi ringed with black ; abdomen 
scarlet, with short dorsal black bands and lateral series of spots, the 
ventral surface white. Pore wing with scarlet costal fascia ; black 
points at angles of cell. Hind wing with discoidal black lunule 
and three almost terminal spots. 

Ab. J . sara. Patagia with black points ; abdomen with sublateral 
black spots ; fore wing with ante- and postmedial black points 
above vein 1. — Karachi. 

Ab. 2. Tegulae and thorax suffused with brown ; abdomen with 
the dorsal bands joining lateral fasciae ; fore wing with diffused 
brownish streaks below median nervure and above vein 1, and 
interrupted postmedial line excurved from costa to vein 3, then 
incurved ; a subterminal spot above vein 5. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas, Almorah {Boys), 1 (S type ; Sind, 
Karachi (Sivinhoe, Watson), 2 S , 2 $ , type sara ; Trichinopoly 
{Felloivs-Wilson), 1 $. Exp., S 38-40, $ 44-54 millim. 

Larva. Pood-plant, groundnuts. 



330 AECTIAD^. 

1842. Amsacta marginata. 

Phalana marginata, Don. Ins. N. Holl. pi. 34. f. 2 (1805); Kii-by, Cat. 

Het. p. 224. 
Areas roseicostis, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 23 (1875) ; Kirby,- Cat. Het. 

p. 224. 
Areas punotipennis, Butl. A. M. N, H. (4) xviii. p. 126 (1876) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 224. 

Silvery white ; palpi scarlet, black at tips ; antennae black ; back 
of head with scarlet patches ; fore coxae and femora above scarlet ; 
tibiae striped with black, tarsi banded with black ; abdomen scarlet 
above except 1st segment and anal taft, dorsal, lateral, and sub- 
lateral series of black spots. Hind wing with scarlet costal fascia 
with black streak on costa ; a black stripe on median nervure and 
base of veins 2, 3, 4 ; a slight streak above medial part of vein 1, 
and sliort subterminal streaks on veins 1, 2, 5. Hind wing usually 
with discoidal spot and usually three or four subterminal spots. 

Ab. 1. punctipennis. Tegulse edged with scarlet ; fore wing with 
the black streak on median nervure reduced to a slight streak at 
its extremity. 

Ab. 2. roseicostis. Fore wing without the black costal streak ; 
hind wing with some scarlet suffusion on costal area towards apex. 

Ab. 3. Wings without black markings. 

Ab. 4. The scarlet areas replaced by orange. 

Hab. N. Guinea {MacFarlane), 2 (^ , 1 $ , type punctipennis ; 
Peegusson Is. (MeeJc), 1 cT ; Lowsiades, St. Aignan (Meek), 1 (S ; 
N. Australia, Port Darwin, 1 (S ; W. Australia, Sherlock E. 
{Clements), 2 cS ,2 2 ', Queensland, Eockingham Bay (i¥c(xt7Ziyra?/), 
1 d type roseicostis ; N^ S. Wales, Paramatta {Raynor)^ 5 S , 
3 $ ; Tasmania, 1 S . Exp., (S 48, $ 46-60 millim. 

*1843. Amsacta moloneyi. 

Areas moloneyi, Druce, P. Z. S. 1887, p. 670, pi. 55. f . 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
p. 253. 

(S . Head and thorax white tinged with pale olive-brown ; palpi 
at tips, antennae, and spots on patagia black ; a slight crimson ring 
round neck ; fore coxae with black spots ; femora crimson in front ; 
abdomen crimson above, the 1st and terminal segments and ventral 
surface whitish ; dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black 
points. Pore wing whitish ; the costa streaked with crimson ; the 
veins broadly outlined with olive-brown ; black points at upper and 
lower angles of cell, and obscure ante- and postmedial points above 
vein 1. Hind wing white, with black discoidal spot and four spots 
on termen. 

Hah. Gambia {Moloney), type f c? in Coll. Druce. Evp. 50 
millim. 

1844. Amsacta albistriga. (Plate XLYI. fig. 19.) 

Aha albistriga, Wlk. xxxi. 303(1864); Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 28; 
Indian Museum Notes, v. p. 50, pi. 6. ff. 3, 4 (larva) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 
pp. 224, 243. 

(S . Head and thorax white ; palpi yellow, the 3rd joint black ; 



AMSACTA. CREATONOTUS. 331 

antennae black ; back of head, stripes on shoulders, fore coxae and 
femora above yellow ; patagia with black points, legs striped with black, 
the tarsi ringed with black ; abdomen orange-yellow, the ventral 
surface white, a dorsal series of short black bands, and lateral and 
sublateral series of black spots. Eore wing pale brown ; the costa 
yellow ; a subcostal fascia, the veins, a stripe in and beyond end of 
cell, and another in medial part of subraedian fold white ; two 
discoidal black points ; traces of a curved antemedial line ; a more 
distinct postmedial line excurved from costa to vein 4, then 
incurved to below origin of vein 2. Hind wing pure white, with 
black discoidal lunule and four subterminal spots sometimes more 
or less conjoined. 

Hah. Ganjam; Madras, 1 d ; Coimbatore {^YalJlouse)^ 1 S 
type. Ea-p. 44 millim. 

Larva. Food-plant, groundnuts. 

Genus CREATONOTUS. 

Type. 

Creatonotos, Hiibn. Verz. p. 169 (1827) gangis. 

Ampkissa, Wlk. iii. 684 (1855) transiens. 

Fhissama, Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 362 ( 1859) transiens. 

Proboscis aborted ; palpi porrect, not reaching beyond the frons ; head and 
thorax smoothly scaled ; hind tibias with the medial spurs absent. Fore wing 
with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ; 6 from upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 
11 free. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell; 5 from just above 
angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from middle of cell. 

Sect. I. Antennse of male bipectinate. 

A. Abdomen crimson above arabica. 

B. Abdomen orange above marginalis. 

1845. Creatonotus arabica. 

Spilosoma arabicum, Hmpsn. P. Z. S. 1896, p. 258, pi. x. f. 25. 




Fig. 148. — Creatonotus arabica, (^ . \. 

Brownish grey ; palpi black above, tinged with crimson below ; 
antennae black, the basal joint crimson ; neck crimson ; patagia 
with black spots ; legs banded with black ; fore coxae and femora 
above tinged with crimson ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal, 
lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing sometimes 
with black costal fascia ; some black points at base ; an antemedial 
series of four spots from costa to below cell and two nearer the 
base on each side of vein 1 ; a discoidal spot and three points at 
lower angle of cell ; a postmedial series of spots curved from costa 



332 



AECTIAD^. 



to vein 3, then oblique and with two points beyond it towards apex, 
a short streak above vein 5 and point below it and points on each 
side of vein 2. Hind wing with discoidal ^ot, and sometimes 
subterminal spots above vein 5 and below 2. 

One specimen has veins 4, 5 of both wings stalked. 
Ilab. Aden (Yerbury, Nurse), 5 (S , 2 2 t type. Exjo., S 34, 
2 44 millim. 

1846. Creatonotus marginalis. (Plate XLYI. fiig. 10.) 

Aloa marginalis, Wlk. iii. 701 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 238. 
S'pilosoma ramivitta, Wlk. Proc. N. H. Soc. Glasg. i. p. 336 (1869) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 910. 

(S . Yellowish white ; palpi and antennae black, the basal joint 
of latter, neck, fringe of tegulae, fore coxae and femora above orange; 
tegulae, shoulders, and patagia with black spots, legs banded with 
black; abdomen orange above, white below, dorsal, lateral, and 
sublateral series of small black spots. Pore wing with broad 
dark brown fascia in and below cell from near base to the sub- 
terminal band, connected with costa by three bands on basal area, 
one at end of cell forking towards the fascia and one towards apex, 
and with inner margin by four bands before the subterminal band, 
the first or first two not reaching inner margin ; the subterminal 
band enclosing some white spots between veins 2 and 5, attenuate 
below vein 2, and connected with termen by six streaks on the 
veins. Hind wing with dark brown discoidal iunule and three 
subterminal spots. 

2 . Fore wing with the brown fascia broader. 

ifab. SiEREA Leone, 1 $ type ; Nigeria, Onitsha ; Congo, 1 c? 
type ramivitta. Exp., 6 44, § 50 millim. 

Sect. II. Antenna of male serrate and fasciculate. 

*1847. Creatonotus vittata. 

Spilarctia vittata, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) i. p. 211 (1898). 




Fig. 149. — Creatonotus vittata, ^. \. 

^ . Head, thorax, and abdomen brownish ochreous ; palpi black, 
crimson at base ; sides of frons black ; legs crimson ; abdomen 
dorsally tinged with crimson towards extremity. Fore wing 
ochreous white ; a brown patch on costa before middle extending 



CEEATONOTUS. 333 

to median nervure, and sending a spur inwards along costa ; a 
rather diamond-shaped patch above end of cell extending to angle 
of discocellulars ; an oblique diffused line from lower angle of cell 
to inner margin before middle ; a triangular patch on costa before 
apex ; a diffused postmedial line from discal fold slightly curved to 
vein 3, then expanding into a triangular patch ; a diffused sub- 
terminal line from costa to vein 3, expanding into a spot on vein 5. 
Hind wing yellowish white, with brown discoidal spot ; the inner 
area tinged with pink. Underside of fore wing with the basal half 
tinged with pink. 

Hah. W. Africa, Mongo-ma-lobah, type t d* in Coll. Druce. 
Exp. 42 millira. 

Sect. III. Antennce of male ciliated. 

A. Abdomen crimson above. 

a. Fore wing with wedge-shaped black fascia beyond the 

cell gangis. 

h. Fore wing without fascia beyond the cell. 

a^. Thorax with black stripes leueanioides. 

h^. Thorax without black stripes pu7ictivitta. 

B. Abdomen orange above transiens. 



1848. Creatonotus gangis. 

PhalcBna gangis, Linn. Amoen. Acad. vi. p. 410 (1764) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. 

p. 910. 
Noctua interrupta, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. (2) p. 840 (1767) ; Sulz. Gesch. Ins. 

pi. 22. f. 3 ; Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 185, E ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. ii. 

p. 73, pi. 108. fF. 5, 5a ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 26 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 241. 
Bomhyx francisca, Fabr. Mant. Ins. ii. p. 131 (1787). 
Creatonotm continuatus, Moore, A. M. N. H. (4) xx. p. 344 (1877) • id Lep 

Ceylon, ii. p. 73, pi. 108. f. 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 242. 

(S . Head and thorax pinkish grey ; palpi and frons black ; a 
broad black dorsal stripe on tegulse and thorax ; pectus and legs 
black, the femora orange above; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal 
and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface black. Pore 
wing pinkish grey ; black points at each angle of cell ; a fascia 
narrow at base, broad at extremity below the cell from near base 
to middle of vein 3, and a wedeje-shaped patch from lower angle of 
cell to vein 6 near termen. Hind wing whitish to fuscous brown 
darker at termen ; a dark subterminal spot above vein 5. 

Ab. 1. (S continuatus. Fore wing with additional black streaks in 
cell, below medial part of costa, beyond upper angle of cell, between 
veins 5, 4, and above vein 1 beyond middle ; hind wing sometimes 
with spots at angles of cell and four subterminal spots. 

Ab. 2. c? similar to female. — Karachi. 

2 . Head, thorax, and fore wing pale brownish ochreous ; femora 
and ventral surface of abdomen brown, the latter with sublateral 
and ventral blacn spots. Hind wing ochreous white, usually with 
three subterminal black spots. 



334 AKCTIABJE. 

Hah. W. China, Ichang {Pratt), 2 S ; Formosa {Hohson^ Seehohm), 
2 S ; Nepal {Hardwicke)^ 2 c? , 1 $ ; Karachi (Swinhoe), 1 (S ; 
EoMBAY (Sivinhoe), 1 c? ; Nilgirts {Hampson), 1 c? ; Ceylon {Temple- 
ton, Lewis, Green, Yerhury), 6 c? , 2 $ , type continuatus ; Burma, 
Moulmein {ClerJc), 1 $, RaDgoon {Scott), 3 c?, 2 $, Mandalay 
{Carpenter), 1 2 ; Singapore {Ridley), 3 c? ; Java, Batavia (^ncZr^tys), 
1 $ ; N. Australia, Adelaide R. (J. J". Walker), 1^,2$. Exp., 
S 38, $ 40 millim. 

Xffrya. Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 362, pi. 17. ff. 1, 1 a. 

Black, sparsely clothed with long hair ; head marked with white; 
a yellow dorsal stripe with series of orange spots on it ; prologs 
pale. 

1849. Creatonotus leucanioides. (Plate XL VI. fig. 5.) 
Creatonotus leucanioides, HoU. Psyche, vi. p. 397 (1893). 

(S . Head and thorax brownish white ; sides of frons and antennae 
black ; eyes with radiating black bars ; tegulae and thorax with 
black dorsal fascia; pectus and legs blackish; streaks below the 
wings and upperside of femora crimson ; abdomen crimson, with 
dorsal and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface brown. 
Pore wing semihyaline brownish white ; a black fascia from base 
below the cell ; a minute black point in lower angle of cell and 
short streak just beyond it ; a short subterminal streak above 
vein 5. Hind wing almost hyaline white. 

Hah. Cameroons, Ogowe R., typef S in Coll. Holland. Exp. 
40 millim. 

Subsp. 1. Fore wing without the black fascia below the cell ; 
hind wing tinged with fuscous. 

Hah. Sierra Leone {Austen), 1 J . 

1850. Creatonotus punctivitta. (Plate XLVI. fig. 20). 

Spilosoma ptmctivitta, Wlk. iii. 673 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 242. 

cT . Brownish white ; palpi yellow, black at tips ; sides of frons 
and antennse black ; pectus and legs brown, the fore coxae at sides 
and femora above orange ; abdomen crimson above, grey at sides, 
brown below, some yellow hair on sides at base ; dorsal and lateral 
series of black spots, anal tuft pale at tips. Fore wing with black 
fascia below the cell to just beyond origin of vein 2 ; points in 
upper angle of cell and in and beyond lower angle ; a short sub- 
terminal streak above vein 1. Hind wing semihyaline whitish, with 
black point in upper angle of cell. 

Hah. Natal {Gueinzius), 2 S type, Durban [Innes), 1 S . Exp. 
42 millim. 

1851. Creatonotus transiens. 

Spilosoma transiens, Wlk. iii. 675 (1855) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 29 ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 243. 



CREATONOTUS. HYPHANTRIA. 335 

Ampkhm vacillans, Wlk. iii. 685 (1855) ; Butl. 111. Hct. B. M. iii. p. 5, 

pi. 42. f. 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Ilet. p. 243. 
Aloa isahcllina, Wlk. iii. 705 (1855). 

Head and thorax white, very slightly tinged with brown ; 3rd 
joint of palpi, sides of frons, and antenna) black ; legs streaked with 
black, the femora orange above ; abdomen orange above, the 
extremity of anal tuft and ventral surface white ; dorsal, lateral, 
and sublateral series of small black spots. Fore wing white, the 
interspaces tinged with brown except the costal area ; black points 
in and beyond upper and lower angles of cell ; short subterminal 




Fig. 150. — Creatonotus transiens, (^ . \. (From Moths Ind. vol. ii.) 

striae sometimes present above veins 5 and 1. Hind wing white ; 
sometimes with subterminal points above veins 5 and 1. 

Ab. 1. vacillans. Fore wing uniform brown except the costal 
area ; hind wing brown with the cilia white. 

Hah. China, Ichang (Pratt), 1 ^ , Hongkong (J. J. Walker), 1 ^ , 
1 2 type vacillans ; Fokmosa (Hohson), 2 $ ; N.W. Himalayas, 
Sultanpur (G. Young) ^ 2 c?, 1 5 , Kumaon ; Sikhim, 1 (5,1 $ ; 
Assam, Sylhet, 1 cJ , 3 $ , type and type isabellina ; Nilgieis 
{Hampson), 3 c? , 1 2 ; Buema, Moulmein {Clerk), 1 $ ; Boeneo, 
Sandakan {Pryer), 1 S, Sarawak {Wallace), 4 c? , 1 $ ; Java 
{Horsfield), 2 (S ,1 2 '•> Celebes ( Wallace), 1 $ ; Psilippines, 1 S , 
1 2 . Exp., d 50, $ 60 millim. 

Larva. Moore, Lep. E. 1. 0. p. 290, pi. 13. f. 5. 

Black blotched with red-brown, and with tufts of red-brown hair, 
the lateral tufts arising from rufous tubercles ; a broad dorsal 
white stripe ; head black marked with white. Food-plant, Galing 
(? Cissus). 

Genus HYPHANTRIA. 

Type. 

Hyphantria, Harr. Ins. Mass. p, 255 (1841) cu7iea. 

Alexicles, Grote, Trans. Kansas Ac. Sci. viii. p. 46 (1883) aspersa. 

Proboscis absent ; palpi porrect, extending to just beyond frons and clothed 
with long hair ; head and thorax clothed with long rough hair ; antennge of 
male with the branches moderate ; fore tibise with curved claw on inner side 
and short claw on outer ; hind tibiae with the medial spurs absent. Fore wing 
with vein 3 from close to angle of cell ; 5 from or from above angle ; 6 from 
upper angle ; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 from cell. Hind wing with vein 3 from 
close to angle of cell ; 5 from above angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 



336 AECTIAD^. 

Sect. I. Fore wing with vein 5 from angle of cell. 

A. Fore wing white cunea. 

E. Fore wing blackish aspersa. 

1852. Hyphantria cunea. 

Bomhyx cunea, Drury, 111. Ex. Ent. i. pi. 18. f. 4 (1773) ; Hiibn. Zutr. iii. 

ff. 405, 406 ; Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 205, pi. 8. ff. 18-20 ; 

Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 389 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 234. 
PJialcena punctatissima. Abbot & Smith, Lep. Ins. Georg. ii. pi. 70 (1797). 
Cycnia hudea, Hiibn. Zutr. Ex. Schmett. ii. ff. 387-388 (1827) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 237. 
Hyphantria textor, Harr. Eep. Ins. Mass. p. 255 (1841) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 234. 
Spilosoma mutans, Wlk. Tii. 1697 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 228. 
Hyphantria punctata, Fitch, Rep. Ins. N.Y. iii. p. 387 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 234. 
8piloso7na Candida, Wlk. xxxi. 291 (1864). 
Hyphantria pallida. Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phil. iii. p. 118 (1864) ; Skinner, 

Ent. News, i. p. 51 (1890) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 269. 

S . Pure white ; palpi above and branches of antennae black ; 
patagia and thorax sometimes with black streaks ; fore coxae orange 
with black patches, femora orange above, tibiae and tarsi streaked 
with black ; abdomen with fuscous bands or dorsal and lateral 
series of spots. Tore wing with slight black streaks at base ; ante- 
medial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal series of spots, the Ist 
angled outwards below cell, the 2nd on median nervure, the 3rd 




Fig. 151. — Hyphantria cunea, (J. {. 

excurved from below costa to vein 3, then incurved, the last sinuous, 
its costal half formed by short streaks on each side of the veins and 
with some spots before it ; spots in the angles of cell and a series 
on termen and cilia. Hind wing with small discoidal spot and 
subterminal spots above vein 5 and below 2 often absent. 

2 . Fore wing with the spots reduced and the series more widely 
separated. 

Ab. 1. punctata. Fore wing with the spots reduced to one or two 
points in end of cell and one or two towards apex. 

Ab. 2. textor. Wings wholly white. 

Hah. Canada; U.S.A. throughout, type Candida, Zeller and 
Grote Colls.; Mexico, Durango (Becker), 1 c? , 2 $ , Orizaba (Elwes), 
1 S . Kxp., S 34-42, $ 42-48 millim. Type t mutans in Mus. 
Oxon. 



HYPnANTRIA. 60 i 

Larva. Smith, Eep. N. Jersey Exp. Stat. 1895, p. 458; Pack. J.N. Y. Ent. 
Soc. iii. p. 176 ; Dyar, J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. v. p. 130. 

Black-brown, with subdorsal pale yellow stripes with deeper yellow 
spots on them and five black streaks ; tufts of hair brown and white. 
Food-plants : mulberry, persimmon, willow, and wild cherry. 

*1853. Hyphantria aspersa. (Plate XLVI. fig. 15.) 

Alexidcfi aspersa, Grote, Trans. Kansas Ac. Sci. viii. p. 46 (1883) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 201. 

cJ. Blackish fuscous ; a scarlet rim behind the eyes ; tarsi with 
reddish rings; abdomen scarlet above, with dorsal and lateral 
fuscous spots ; anal tuft with some scarlet medial hairs ; wings 
semidiaphanous. Fore wing with some obscure clouded blackish 
marks at base, at end of cell, and on subterminal area ; traces of 
antemedial, medial, and postmedial bands, the last bent inwards 
below vein 4 ; the veins with slight interrupted white streaks. 
Hind wing hardly paler, with slight discoidal spot. Fore tibiai with 
the claw stout. 

Hab. U.S.A., N". Mexico. Exj^. 36 millim. This species is 
unknown to me, figured from a drawing from type. 

Sect. II. Fore wing with vein 5 from above angle of cell. 

*1854. Hyphantria orizaba. 

Spilosoma orizaba, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 389, pi. 77. f. 4 
(1897). 

(5 . White ; palpi and lower part of frons black, the former with 
crimson patch on basal joint; antennae black, the basal joint crimson ; 
tegulae, patagia, and thorax with black stripes, a broad black stripe 
on metathorax and first segment of abdomen ; femora crimson, 
fringed with white hair, tibiae and tarsi crimson and black ; 
abdomen dorsally crimson from 2nd to terminal segment, with 
dorsal black stripe, lateral and sublateral series of black spots, the 




Fig. 152. — Hyphantria orizaba, J. \. 

first three segments with ventral crimson bands. Fore wing with 
black-brown patch at base of costa and subbasal spot below cell ; a 
broad antemedial band interrupted by white streaks on the veins 
and in submedian fold, its edges irregular and connected by an 
elongate spot between veins 2 and 3 with the double oblique 
postmedial series of irregular spots, and with wedge-shaped spots 
between veins 3 and 5, forming part of an oblique series increasing 

VOL. III. z 



338 ARCTIAD^. 

in length from apex ; a triangular patch of conjoined spots on costa 
before apex and some spots on termen. Hind wing with some 
spots in and below middle of cell and on discocellulars ; an irregular 
series of subterminal spots interrupted between veins 3 and 4 ; a 
spot at apex followed bj^ three or four points. 

Hah. Mexico, Orizaba, 1 (S type t in Coll. Schaus. Exp, 
46 millim. 

Genus ESTIGMENE. 

Type. 

Estigmene, Hiibn. Verz. p. 184 (1827) acrcBa. 

Phaos, Wlk. iii. 627 (1855) interfixa. 

Leucarctia, Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. iii. p. 124 (1864) ... acrcea. 

E'pilacydes, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 27 (1875) simidans. 

2^yaca, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 43 (1879) Jlorescens. 

Nayaca, Moore, Lep, Atk. p. 43 (1879) imbuta. 

Bajendra, Moore, Lep. Atk, p. 43 (1879) higuttata. 

Proboscis aborted, minvite ; palpi porrect, extending to just bejond frons ; 
head and thorax clothed with rough hair; fore tibiae with curved claw on 
inner side and short claw on outer ; the spurs short. Fore wing with veins 3, 
4, 5 from angle of cell; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked ; 11 free. 
Hind wing with veins 3, 4, 5 from angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 

Sect. I. {Estigmene). Antennse of male bipectiuate, with moderate branches. 

A. Abdomen dorsally crimson. 

a. Fore wing with scarlet fascia on base of costa interfixa. 

b. Fore wing without scarlet fascia on costa, 

a^ . Hind wing with the ground-colour yellow imbuta. 

b^. Hind wing with the ground-colour white fiorescens. 

B, Abdomen orange above. 

a. Fore wing with the ground-colour grey trifasciata. 

b. Fore wing with the ground-colour yellow or buff. 

d^. Fore wing with the veins not streaked with black ... dissimilis. 
b^. Fore wing with the median veins streaked with 
black. 
a"^. Fore wing with fine black streaks on the veins ... tenuistrigata. 
h^. Fore wing with the streaks more or less diffused, 

a^. Fore wing bright yellow lemniscata. 

b^. Fore wing buif. 

a"*. Fore wing not tinged with brown. 

a^. Fore wing with subapical black fascia scita. 

6°. Fore wing without subapical fascia simulans. 

b*. Fone wing tinged with brown linea. 

c. Fore wing with the ground-colour whitish or pure 

white. 
a^. Fore wing with black fascia on median nervure, 
a^. Fore wing with branching fascia on median 

nervure quadriramosa. 

b"^. Fore wing with straight fascia on median nervure 

to near termen trivitta. 

h^. Fore wing without black fascia on median nervure. 

a?. Tegul as with black points ptira. 

y^. Tegulae without black points, 

a?. Fore wing with more or less developed black 
points, 
a^. TibiaB and tarsi with white and black bands . acrma. 
b^. Tibise and tarsi white, streaked with black ,.. 'prima, 
h^. Fore wing with at most a black point at lower 

angle of cell alhida. 

C. Abdomen white above antigone. 



ESTIGMENE. 339 

1855. Estigmene interfixa. (Plate XLVII. fig. 18.) 

Phaos interfixa, Wlk. iii. G27 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 2()2. 

S . Head and thorax black ; frons yellow or greyish ; tegula) and 
patagia more or less strongly edged with yellow; legs mostly yellowish, 
the femora scarlet above ; abdomen scarlet above with dorsal series of 
short black bands, the ventral surface yellowish with lateral and ven- 
tral series of black spots. Fore wing black, with scarlet fascia on or 
below basal part of costa; the spots yellowish white or bright yellow, 
and either small or occupying nearly the whole of interspaces ; wedge- 
shaped spots in and below base of cell ; quadrate patches in and 
below end of cell, a small wedge-shaped spot above base of vein 2, 
and streak above end of cell ; a postmedial series of spots excurved 
to vein 3, then incurved : subterminal and terminal series of spots 
conjoined into short streaks ; a deeper orange streak on inner margin 
and a short streak beyond discocellulars. Hind wing pale or deep 
orange, with diffused black streaks from base on median nervure and 
vein 1 ; a large discoidal lunule ; a broad terminal black band, its 
inner edge indented at middle, and with subterminal orange spots 
on it at middle and above vein 1. 

Hah. Tasmania (J. J. Walker)^ 6 ^ type. Exp. 40 millim. 

1856. Estigmene imbuta. 

Arctia imhuta, Wlk. iii. 614 (1855) ; Butl. 111. Het. B. M. v. p. 33, pi. 86. 
f. 2 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 21 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. pp. 248, 257. 

Head and thorax dark olive-brown ; basal joint of antennae and 
vertex of head yellowish white ; tegulae and patagia with yellowish 
edges ; spots behind the head and femora above crimson ; the tibiae 
and tarsi with slight yellow points ; abdomen crimson above, female 
with a dorsal series of black points, rarely present in male, the 
ventral surface brown or with broad sublateral yellowish-white 
stripes with series of black points on them and some ventral whitish 
points. Pore wing with the veins yellow ; a white point at base, 
a subbasal white point below costa, and antemedial points below 
costa and in cell, sometimes absent ; an irregular antemedial mark 
below the cell formed of two spots conjoined by a streak in sub- 
median fold; a small spot in end of cell with another on costa above 
it and one below vein 2 ; a spot below end of cell ; a postmedial 
series of spots excurved to vein 3, the medial and postmedial spots 
in submedian fold often conjoined by a streak ; three obliquely 
placed spots towards apex ; a curved series of spots on medial part 
of terminal area and a terminal series. Hind wing entirely dark, 
with the veins yellowish ; antemedial, medial, and postmedial 
white spots on costal area, or with more or less interrupted and 
reduced postmedial and terminal yellow bands ; or yellow with 
diffused blackish streaks on basal half and subterminal maculate 
band. 

Hah. N.W. HiMALATAs, Simla, Dalhousie {Harford), 1 6 ■, 1 $ ; 
SiKHiM {Lidderdale, Bingham)^ 1 d , 4 $ , type. Exp., cS 50, 
2 58-68 millim. 

z2 



340 AECTIADJ^. 

1 857. Estigmene florescens. 

Nyaca jiorescem, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 43, pi. 2. f. 13(1879); Butl.Ill. Het. 
B. M. V. p. 34, pi. 86. f. 3 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 21 ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 240. 

White ; palpi and lower part of frons olive-brown ; antennae 
black ; tegulse and patagia with olive-brown stripes, the former 
slightly edged with crimson ; vertex of thorax olive-brown ; pectus 
and legs olive-brown ; a crimson stripe below the wings ; fore coxge 
at side and femora above crimson, femora and tibiae with some 
white ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal, lateral, and sublateral 
series of black spots and ventral stripe. Pore wing with the veins 
orange ; some elongate olive-brown spots on costal area ; a maculate 
fascia composed of large conjoined spots on median nervure, conjoined 
to a large discoidal spot, to an oblique irregular band from apex and 
forking on veins 2, 3, 4 ; a more or less complete maculate fascia 
on vein 1, sometimes conjoined to the fascia on vein 2; some spots 
on termen. Hind wing sometimes with some fuscous at base; an 
antemedial spot on costal area ; a discoidal spot ; a spot on costa 
beyond middle ; a more or less developed and conjoined subterminal 
series of spots ; some spots on apical part of termen. 

Hah. SiKHiM {Atkinson, Lidderdale), 1 J , 1 $ type. Xrp., ^ 54, 
$ 66 millim. 

*1858. Estigmene trifasciata. 

Alpenus trifasciata, Holl. Entom. xxv. Suppl. p. 92 (1892) ; id. Pr. U.S. Nat. 
Mus. 1895, p. 249, pi. vii. f. 10. 

c^ . Pale ashen-grey ; frons and antennae black ; abdomen yellow, 
with dorsal and lateral series of black points ; legs streaked with 
black above. Pore wing with black point at base ; an oblique 
antemedial series of points, longer on costal half of wing; a short black 
streak below middle of costa with a triangular spot below it, and 
some short streaks and points above and below median nervure 
towards lower angle of cell ; a postmedial series of points, excurved 
from costa to vein 3, then incurved ; some subapical points. Hind 
wing with discoidal black point and subterminal points above veins 
6 and 1. 

Hab. E. Africa, Kilima'njaro. Eaj7. 30 millim. This species is 
uaknown to me. 

1859. Estigmene dissimilis. (Plate XLYII. fig. 1.) 
Spilosoma dissimilis, Dist. A. M. N. H. (6) xs. p. 198 (1897). 

J . Head and thorax orange-yellow, vertex of head deeper orange ; 
palpi and antennae black ; legs brown above ; abdomen orange with 
dorsal and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface ochreous. 
Pore wing orange-yellow, with black points at angles of cell. Hind 
wing yellowish white, the inner area and cilia more yellow ; a 
diffused fuscous subterminal patch from below apex to vein 2. 



ESTIGMENE. 341 

2 . Palpi, frons, pectus, and legs black ; a triangular black dorsal 
patch on tegulae and a pair of stripes on thorax ; hind wing black, 
with discoidal yellow spots, the cilia yellow. 

Ilab. TiiANSvAAL (Cregoe), 1 c^ , 1 $ . B:cjj. 40 millim. Typof 
2 in Coll. Distant. 



1860. Estigmene tenuistrigata. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 16.) 

Aloa tenuistrigata, Hmpsn. Ann. S. Afr. Mus. ii. p. 54 (1900). 

Head and thorax bright ochreous yellow ; palpi above, antenucT, 
and tibiae and tarsi above black ; abdomen orange, with dorsal black 
bands and lateral series of black points, the ventral surface ochreous. 
Fore wing bright ochreous yellow ; the veins wdth fine black streaks, 
except the costal and base of subcostal nervures. Hind wing 
ochreous yellow, the veins with very slight black streaks. 

Hah, Mashonaland, Salisbury {Marshall)^ 5 d" , 2 $ , type. Exj). 
46 millim. 

1861. Estigmene lemniscata. (Plate XLVII. fig. 20.) 

Spilosoma lemniscata, Dist. A. M. IV. H. (7) i. p. 116 (1898). 

2 <■ Head and thorax bright yellow ; palpi, frons, and antennae 
black, the upper part of frons with some yellow scales, an orange 
spot on vertex of head ; black stripes on tegulae and thorax, diverging 
and enclosing a yellow spot on metathorax ; outer edge of patagia 
with black spot ; pectus and legs black-brown, fore femora yellow 
on outer side ; abdomen orange, with dorsal black patches at base 
and extremity and bands on medial segments ; the ventral surface 
black, emitting lateral bands. Pore wing bright yellow ; a black 
stripe on vein 1 ; a stripe on median nervure and streaks on the 
nervules, a slight streak on vein 5, a streak on vein 6, and V-shaped 
mark on veins 7, 8. Hind wing black, the cilia orange-yellow. 

c? . Palpi, frons, and pectus yellow ; legs yellow and brown ; 
thorax without black stripes ; abdomen ochreous below, the dorsal 
spots even in size throughout ; fore wing with the black stripes 
much reduced ; hind wing yellowish white. 

Hah. Mashonaland, {Salisbury {Marshall), 1 c^" ; Teansvaal, 
Johannesburg (d'egoe), 1 cT , 1 $ typef in Coll. Distant. Exjj. 
34: millim. 

1862. Estigmene scita. (Plate XLVII. fig. 8.) 
Aloa sciia, Wlk. xxxi. 302 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 243. 

2 . Ochreous ; palpi blackish ; antennae black ; neck with orange 
ring ; thorax with black stripe on vertex ; legs blackish, the femora 
orange above ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal and lateral series 
of black spots. Pore wing with black fascia on median nervure 
gradually expanding from base to end of cell, where it is one-third 
width of wing, then narrowing to just before termen; a fascia from 



342 AECTIAD^. 

just beyond upper angle of cell, reduced to spots towards its base 
and expanding towards apex. Hind wing orange-yellow. 
Hah. Sierra Leone (Foxcroft), 1 $ type. Exp, 40 millim. 

1863. Estigmene simnlans. (Plate XLVII. fig. 27.) 

Ejpilacydes simulans, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 27 (1875) ; Kirby, Cat. Het 
'p. 241. 

S . Oebreous ; palpi and antennae black ; frons brown ; neck with 
orange ring ; thorax with black stripe on dorsum ; legs fuscous, 
the femora orange above ; abdomen orange above, with dorsal and 
lateral series of black spots. Fore wing with black stripe on median 
nervure, extending to just beyond angle of cell and somewhat dilated 
at extremity. Hind wing ochreous white. 

Hah. Peenando Po {L. Fraser), 1 d type. Exp. 40 millim. 

Subsp. 1. Pore wing with the fascia extending to nearer termen 
and forking on veins 3, 4, a black point at upper angle of cell and a 
short streak above vein 7. 

Hah. Up. Egypt, White Nile (Dunn), 2 S . 

1864. Estigmene linea. (Plate XLYII. fig. 2.) 

Spilosoma linea, Wlk. iii. 671 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 910. 
Binlosama dorsalis, Wlk. iii. 671 (1855). 

Spilosoma truncatum, Wlk. vii. 1781 (1856) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 910. 
Spilosoma strigatttm, Wllgrn. Wien. ent. Mon. iv. p. 161 (1860). 
Lacides lineata, Butl. Cist. Ent. ii. p. 27 (1875). 

Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; palpi, antennae, and stripes 
on patagia and thorax black ; femora orange above ; tibiae and tarsi 
blackish : abdomen orange above, with dorsal series of black spots 
and lateral and sublateral series of points, the ventral surface 
ochreous. Pore wing ochreous, with fuscous black fasciae on median 
nervure, base of vein 2, on veins 3, 4 to near termen, on middle of 
vein 6, and on vein 1 from base to near termen, often more or less 
obsolete except the fascia on median nervure. Hind wing orange- 
yellow, the terminal half often brownish. 

Ab. 1. truncata. Head, thorax, fore wing, and terminal half of 
hind wing suffused with fuscous brown. 

Hah. Natal, Estcourt {Hutcliinson')^ 2 S , Karkloof (Marshall)^ 
1 S , Durban (BoivJcer, Gueinzius), 1 05^ , 1 $ ; C Colony {Drege, 
Dr. A. Smith), 3 c? , 2 $ , type and types dorsalis and truncatum^ 
Transkei (Miss F. Barrett), 10 c? , 2 $ . Exp., ^ 42, 2 44 millim. 

Subsp. 1. Pore wing w4th the black streaks very broad; hind 
wing with the basal half whitish, the terminal half brownish; 
female with veins 3, 4 streaked with black. 

Hah. Be. E. Afeica, Kikuyu, Nairobi {Crawshay), 1 (^,1 $ . 



1865. Estigmene quadriramosa. (Plate XLYII. fig. 2Q.) 

Euprepia quadriramosa, Koll. Hiigel's Kashmir, iv. (2) p. 468 (1844) ; 
Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 21 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 243. 

White ; palpi, lower part of frons, branches of antennae, spots om 



ESTIQMENE. 343 

togulae and stripes on patagia, thorax and shoulders black ; tegulcc 
slightly edged with orange ; femora orange above, the fore coxfc, 
tibiae, and tarsi striped with black ; abdomen orange above, with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing with 
the basal half of costa black ; a black stripe on subcostal nei^ure 
widening to costa before apex ; a black fascia on median nervure 
emitting branches on veins 2, 3, 4, 5, those on veins 4, 5 reaching 
termen ; a fascia on terminal part of vein 6 and a short fascia on 
ex^tremity of vein 7 ; a fascia on vein 1 from near base to just 
before termen. Hind wing with discoidal black spot, and sub- 
terminal spots on veins 1, 2, and 5. 

Ab. 1. Tegulae without spots ; fore wing with the fasciae reduced 
to those on median nervure and vein 1 ; hind wing without sub- 
terminal spots. 

Hah. Kashmir, Goorais Valley (Leech), 1 S , 1 2 > N.W. Hima- 
layas, 3 (5" , 3 2 , Dalhousie {Powell), 3 cj" , 2 $ , Kangra {Hocking), 
4 c5', 3 5 , Kulu (6r. Young), 1 J ; Sikhim, 1 S - Exp. 40 millim. 

Larva. Butl. 111. Het. vii. p. 121, pi. 131. f. 1. 

Dark red-brown, with subdorsal series of black spots ; the hairs 
from the warts fulvous and black, strong and spiniform. 

1866. Estigmene trivitta. (Plate XLVII. fig. 7.) 
Spilosoma trivitta, Wlk. iii. 673 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 243. 

Ochreous white ; palpi, sides of frons, and antennae black ; a 
dorsal black stripe on tegulae and thorax, and short stripes on 
patagia ; legs mostly black, the femora orange above ; abdomen 
orange above, with dorsal and lateral series of black spots and sub- 
lateral stripes not reaching extremity. Fore wing with black stripe 
below subcostal nervure and vein 6 from just beyond middle of cell 
to just before termen ; a stripe on median nervure and vein 4 from 
base to just before termen, and a stripe on vein I from before middle 
to near termen. Hind wing white. 

Hah. Natal, 1 d* , 1 $ type. Exjp., S 42, $ 46 millim. 

1867. Estigmene pura. (Plate XLVII. fig. 3.) 
Alpenus purus, Butl. P. Z. S. 1878, p. 382; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 238. 

5 . Pure white ; palpi black, fringed with white ; antennae with 
the branches blackish ; tegulae and patagia with black points ; legs 
striped with black ; abdomen dorsally orange, except basal and two 
terminal segments, usually a dorsal series of black spots on orange 
segments, a lateral series and two sublateral spots. Fore wing with 
some black points forming ill-defined antemedial, medial, and post- 
medial series ; basal and subbasal points, points at angles of cell, 
an oblique series from near apex and a terminal series. Hind wing 
with small discoidal black spot and subterminal points above vein 5 
and below 2. 

Hah. Abyssinia, 1 $ type ; Br. E. Africa, Sabaki Valley 
{Gregory), 2 $ {Ansorge), 1 $ . Eorp. 42 millim. 



344 



AECTIADiE. 



1868. Estigmene acraea. 

Bomhyxacraa, Drurv, 111. Exot. Ent. i. pi. 3. f. 2 (1773) ; Abbot & Smith, 
Lep. Georg. ii. pi. 67 ; Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 99, pi. 4. ff. 1-3 ; 
Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. p. 110; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 226. 

Bomhya: caprotina, Drury, 111. Exot. Ent. i. pi. 3. f. 3 (1773) ; Stoll, Pap. 
Exot. iii. pi. 287, 0. 

Arctia pseuderminea, Harv. Rep. Ins. Injur. Yeg. p. 354 (1841). 

Cycnia dubia, Wlk. iii. p. 682 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 227. 

Leucarctia californica. Pack. Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. iii. p. 121 (1864). 

Spilosoma mexicana, Wlk. xxxi. 291 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 227. 

Leucarctia packardii, Schaup, Check-list Brooklyn Ent. Soc. p. 8 (1882). 

Leucarctia rickseckeri, Behr, Zoe, iv. p. 247 (1893). 

Leucarctia acrcea, var. klagesii, Ehrmann, Can. Ent. 1894, p. 292. 

Bombyx menthrastrina, Martyn, Psyche, pi. 15. f. 38, ined. 

J. Head and thorax white with a flesh-coloured tint; palpi 
black, fringed with orange below ; sides of frons and antennae black , 
pectus and legs orange, with black patches on fore coxae and femora, 
the tibiee and tarsi black, banded with white ; abdomen orange,_the 
base and extremity and lateral stripes and ventral bands whitish ; 
dorsal, lateral, sublateral, and ventral series of black spots. Fore 
wing white with a slight flesh tint ; live black spots on costa ; a 
basal black point ; obliquely placed antemedial black points below 




Fig. 153. — Estigmene acrcBu, (^ . \. 



cell and above vein 1 ; a medial series of four points ; one or two 
points at lower angle of cell ; a postmedial oblique series of points 
from below vein 6 to inner margin, sometimes with some points 
before their medial portion; a terminal series of points; the spots 
often very much reduced. Hind wing orange, with black discoidal 
lunule and more or less complete subterminal series of spots. 
Underside of fore wing orange ; short subbasal black streaks on 
costa of each wing. 

$ . Pure white ; abdomen with the ventral surface white ; fore 
wing sometimes with the series of spots more complete, the ante- 
medial series being angled outwards below costa and on median 
nervure, inwards in cell, the medial series angled on median nervure 
and the postmedial excurved from below costa to vein 3, or the 
spots much reduced and many obsolete ; hind wing and underside 
of fore wing white. 



ESTIGMENE. 345 

Ab. 1. (S . Fore wing on right-hand side with the spots between 
the median nervules confluent and forming three black bars. 

Ab. 2. Hagesi. cS . Fore wing with the black spots absent, except 
three on medial part of costa and six points on termen ; hind 
wing with slight discal spot and points on termen near apex and 
tornus. 

Ab. 3. mexicana. In Mexico, Honduras, and Guatemala a di- 
morphic form of the male is found with the hind wing and underside 
of iore wing white, the dorsal spots of abdomen being usually 
developed into short bands, which in the type $ are complete except 
on ventral surface. 

Ab. 4. duhia. Head, thorax, and wings tinged with brown. 

Hah. Canada, 1 ^ , Hudson's Bay, 1 $ type duhia ; Br. Co- 
lumbia, 2 5 ; U.S.A., N. York, Georgia, Massachusetts, Washing- 
ton, Colorado, Grote and Zeller Colls., 13 ^ , 9 $ ; Mexico, Presidio 
(Forrer), 1 cS , Jalapa {Hoeye, Trujillo), 4 c? , 4 $ , Mexico 
(Hoege), 1 c? , Cordova (Eumeli), 1 c?, 2 5, Orizaba (Godman), 

1 2 ^ Coatepec (Brooks), 1 $ , Tepic {Richardson), 1 $ , Patycuaro 
( Godman), 1 rf , Vera Cruz {Schumann), 2 c? , 1 $ , Misautla 
{Trujillo), 1 cT, Durango (BecJcer), 2 (5 , 1 $, Yucatan {Gaunter), 

2 (^ ; Guatemala ( Champion, Rodriguez), 4 c? , 2 5 ; Honduras 
{Blancaneaux), 1 (S , Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp.^ ^ 46-56, $ 52- 
Q2 millim. 

Egg. Pack. Ann. N. Y. Ac. Sci. viii. p. 74 (1893). 

Hemispherical, rather high ; white, with coarsely-pitted surface 
with swollen polygonal edges; diam. '6 millim. 

Larva. Stage 1. Head shining black; body dusky flesh-colour; 
cervical shield crescent-shaped, dark chestnut ; piliferous warts 
large ; the two dorsal tubercles of somites 2 and 3 and the lateral 
tubercles with two hairs ; the abdominal dorsal and subdorsal 
tubercles with one hair ; some of the hairs very long. 

Stage 2. Head tinged with chestnut ; the clypeal and labral 
region pale flesh ; the body pale greenish with yellowish tints ; the 
cervical shield bisected ; the tubercles dark, the hairs blackish ; 
the dorsal and subdorsal warts usually with five hairs, one long ; a 
subdorsal row of irregular reddish-brown spots and a similar lateral 
series. 

Stage 3. The tubercles with black and white hair of uneven 
length ; a broad somewhat interrupted dorsal white line becoming 
yellow towards extremity ; a broad yellowish lateral band bounded 
above and below by a somewhat wavy yellowish-white line, inter- 
rupted by a yellow patch on each somite with the tubercles on them 
black towards each extremity, yellowish at middle. 

Stage 4. The dorsal line absent and the dorsal area ashen-grey, 
with spreading verticillate hairs on the two middle series of 
tubercles, the subdorsal tubercles with longer unequal hair ; two 
lateral series of small bright-yellow spots with reddish-brown 
tubercles between them emitting grey and white hairs ; spiracles 
whitish on a black ground ; ventral surface leaden-grey ; head and 
antennae yellowish. 



346 AECTIAD^. 

Stage 5. Hair long and slender, some towards extremity very 
long ; dorsal hair black-brown ; warts dark, the lateral ones 
reddish ; lateral hair reddish ; spiracles buff-coloured, prominent. 

Pood-plant, Flantago. 

1869. Estigmene prima. (Plate XLVIII. fig. 21.) 

Spilosoma prima, Sloss. Ent. Am. v. p. 40 (1889) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 228. 

5 . White ; palpi orange, black at tips ; femora orange above ; 
fore tibise streaked with orange and fuscous, the mid and hind tibia? 
at extremity and tarsi tinged with fuscous ; abdomen dorsally and 
laterally orange-yellow except basal and two terminal segments, 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Pore wing with 
antemedial series of black points angled below median nervure ; a 
medial series of spots obtusely angled on median nervure; a black 
spot at lower angle of cell ; a maculate postmedial line strongl}' 
excurved from below costa to vein 3, then oblique ; a spot on costa 
towards apex ; an oblique series of short streaks on each side of the 
veins from apex to vein 5, and a subterminal series from vein 5 to 
inner margin ; the termen tinged with fuscous. Hind wing with 
discoidal lunule ; a subterminal series of spots below costa, above 
and below vein 5, and three towards tornus. 

Hah. U.S.A., New York, 1 $ , N. England, northwards. Exp, 
46 millim. 

1870. Estigmene albida. 

Leucarctla albida, Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. p. 203, pi. 8. f. 22 (1874) ; 
Wheeler's Rep. W. 100th Mericl. v. p. 798, pi. 40. ff. 4, 5 ; Druce, Biol. 
Oentr.-Am., Het. i. p. 117; Khby, Cat. Het. p. 227. 

Pure white ; palpi orange below, black above ; antenn® black, 
the shaft annulated with white ; fore coxse orange and black ; 
femora orange above ; tibiae and tarsi banded with black ; abdomen 
orange above, white at base, extremity, and on ventral surface, a 
dorsal series of short black bands and lateral and sublateral series 
of points. Pore wing immaculate, or with black point at lower 
angle of cell and rarely a point on costa towards apex. Hind wing 
immaculate, or with black discoidal point and with subterminal 
points above vein 5 and below veins 2 and 1. 

Hah. California ; Costa Rica {Rogers, Van Patten)^ 8 c5* , 3 $ , 
Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp. 50 millim. 

This may be only an extreme form of the white variety of 
E. acrcea. 

1871. Estigmene antigone. (Plate XLVII, fig. 22.) 

Spilosoma congrua, Wlk. iii. 669 (1885), c^ ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 234. . 
Spilosoma antiqone, Streck. Rep. Chief of Engineers, 1877, App. SS. 

p. 1860 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 226. 
Spilosoma athena, Streck. Suppl. ii. p. 4 (1899). 

S . White ; head with a yellowish tinge ; palpi streaked with 



ESTIGMENE. 347 

black at sides ; brandies of antennae blackish ; femora orange above ,* 
fore tibiae and the tarsi streaked with black. Pore wing with 
antemedial black point below median nervure ; medial points below 
subcostal nervure, two below medial nervure, and one above vein 1 ; 
points at angles of cell ; a postmedial point above vein 6, an 
obliquely-curved punctiform line between veins 5 and 2 and a point 
above 1 ; an oblique series of short streaks on each side of the 
veins from apex, and a subterminal series from vein 5 to inner 
margin. Hind wing immaculate. 

Ab. l.'athena. Antennae with the shaft black-scaled. This is 
unknown to me and may be a distinct species. 

Hah. U.S.A., Atlantic States to Ilockies, Georgia, 1 S type 
congrua. Exp. 44 millim. 

Larva. Pack. J. N. Y. Ent. Soc. iii. p. 176. 

Stage 1. Head with two dark spots, later becoming dark ; body 
white ; the flattened setiferous tubercles dusky ; prothoracic plate 
divided ; the dorsal and lateral tubercles of abdominal somites with 
single hairs which are finely spinulate and long. 



Sect. II. {Rajendra). Antennae of male with extremely short branches. 

A. Fore wing with maculate white patches ceylonensis. 

B. Fore wing with white fascia, 

a. Fore wing with the white fascia bent below end of cell, 
then running to apex. 
a^. Fore wing with the upper edge of the fascia slightly 

excised beyond lower angle of cell irregularis. 

b^. Fore wing with the upper edge of fascia not excised 

beyond the cell perrotteti. 

h. Fore wing with the fascia regularly curved to apex vittata. 

0. Fore wing black with hardly a trace of the fascia nigricans. 



1872. Estigmene ceylonensis, n. sp. (Plate XLYII. fig. 9.) 

$ . Head and thorax dark brown ; palpi crimson at base ; vertex 
of head white, with brown spot ; tegulae white, with brown spots 
and slightly edged with crimson ; patagia with the lower half 
white, with brown spots on shoulders ; femora whitish towards 
base, crimson above; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal, lateral, 
and sublateral series of brown spots, the ventral surface white with 
brown bands on terminal segments. Pore wing dark brown, with 
irregular white marks at base and small pink marks on inner 
margin, the basal marks conjoined to two irregular white ante- 
medial conjoined spots extending from middle of cell to vein 1 ; 
two conjoined, curved, postmedial bands from lower end of cell 
to vein 1, with a small spot below them on inner margin and 
another above their outer extremity ; points below middle of costa 
and on discocellulars ; two postmedial points from costa and three 
obliquely placed from just before apex ; a curved series of six spots 
on terminal area between veins 6 and l,and some points on termen. 
Hind wing crimson ; the costal area brown to beyond middle, with 



348 



ARCTIAD^. 



white point at middle and conjoined to spots at middle and end of 
cell ; a subterminal bar from costa to vein 5, a spot on vein 2, and 
a terminal spot on vein 1. 

Hah. Ceylon, Hambantota {Pole), 1 $ type. Ex£>. 32 millim. 

1873. Estiginene irregularis. 

Eajendra irregularis, Moore, Lep. CeyL ii. p. 72, pi. 107. f. 2 (1882) ; 
Hmpsn, Moths Ind. ii. p. 23 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 248. 

c^ . Head and thorax black-brown ; basal joint of antennae pink ; 
pinkish-white fasciae meeting on vertex of head, thence diverging 
on tegulae and patagia, which last have black spots ; femora crimson 
above ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal series of short black 
bands, the ventral surface black. Fore wing black, with white 
fascia from base below the cell, its lower edge excised at middle, at 
vein 2 bent upwards to apex, its edges waved and emitting a small 
tooth into lower end of cell. Hind wing pale crimson ; the costal 
area black ; a black discoidal spot ; a subterminal band from costa 
to vein 5, a spot on vein 2, and a terminal spot on vein 1. 

Hah. Ceylon (G^r«^J^), 3 (5* type. Exp. 32-36 millim. 

1874. Estigmene perrotteti. (Plate XLYII. fig. 16.) 

Chelonia perrottetii, Guer. Icon. E. Anim., Ins. p. 515 (1844) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 248. 
Aloa biguttata, Wlk. iii. 707 (1855) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 23 ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 248. 
Eajendra lativitta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 43 (1879) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. 

p. 248. 

S . Head and thorax black-brown ; basal joint of antennae pink ; 
pinkish-wbite fasciae meeting on vertex of head, thence diverging 
on tegulae and patagia, on Avhich last are black spots; femora 
crimson above ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal series of short 
black bands, the ventral surface black. Tore wing black, with 
pinkish-white fasciae from base below cell, nearly straight to vein 
2, then bent up to apex and with slightly sinuous edges. Hind 
wing pale crimson ; the costal area black ; a black discoidal spot ; 
a subterminal band from costa to vein 5, a spot on vein 2, and a 
terminal spot on vein 1 ; cilia yellowish-white. 

2 . Hind wing deeper crimson ; the black markings more 
developed ; the cilia black. 

Hah. Punjab, Simla {Harford), 1 $ , Jubbulpore, 1 c^ ; Bengal, 
Parisnath, 1 c? type lativitta ; Bombay {SiumJwe), 1 $ ; Canara 
( Ward), 1 cS , 12 type h'ujuttata ; Nilgiris, W. slopes (Hampson), 
1 (S, 3 5 ; CoiMBATORE ( WalJiousc), 1 2 • ^''*^i^., c? 40, 2 44 
millim. 

1875. Estigmene vittata. 

Eajendra vittata, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 396, pi. 32. f. 12; Hmpsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p= 22 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 248. 

Head and thorax black-brown ; basal joint of antennae pink ; 



ESTIGMENE. 349 

pinkish-white fasciae meeting on vertex of head, thence diverging to 
tegulae and patagia, the last with black spots ; femora crimson above ; 
abdomen crimson above, with dorsal series of short black bands, 
the ventral surface black. Fore wing black, with almost evenly- 
curved, pinkish-white fascia from base of inner margin narrowing 




Fig. 154. — Estigmene mitata, S ' t* 

to apex ; cilia pinkish white or black. Hind wing pale crimson ; 
costal area black from near base to beyond middle ; a black dis- 
coidal spot with yellowish round it, similar irregular spots before 
termen at veins 5 and 2, and on termen at vein 1 ; cilia yellowish 
white. 

2 . Cilia of both wings black, or of hind wing partly pale ; hind 
wing deeper crimson, without pale edges to the spots. 

Hah. NiLGiRis PLATEAU (Linclsriy^ Ilamjpson), 4 c? , 2 $ ; Burma, 
1 c^ type. E.VJJ., d 48, $ 52 millim. 



1876. Estigmene nigricans. (Plate XLYII. fig. 17.) 

Aloa nigricans, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 572 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 23 • 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 248. 

c? . Head and thorax black ; outer edge and extremity of patagia 
whitish ; femora scarlet above ; abdomen scarlet above, with dorsal 
series of black bands, the ventral surface black. Fore wing fuscous 
black. Hind wing scarlet ; the costal area black, expanding in end of 
cell and emitting a subterminal band to vein 3 ; a large subterminal 
spot on vein 2 and a terminal spot on vein 1 ; cilia yellowish. 

Ab. 1. Yellowish- white stripes meeting on vertex of head, di- 
verging on tegulae and patagia, on which last are black spots ; 
fore wing with faint traces of a pale fascia from base below the 
cell curving up to apex. 

Possibly a melanism of vittata. 

Hah. Bombay, Matheran (Leith), 1 cS ; Deccan (Day), 1 c? type. 
Ea:p. 40 millim. 



350 AECTIADiE. 

Genus PERICALLIA. 

Type. 

TericaUia, Hiibn. Verz. p. 182 (1827) matronula. 

Pleretes, Led. Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, ii, p. 77 (1853) ... matronula. 

Alope, Wlk. iii. 619 (1855) ricini. 

Areas, Wlk. iii. 658 (1855) galactina. 

Satara, Wlk. xxxi. 160 (1864) aquata. 

JEthalida, Wlk. xxxi. 320 (1864) distinguenda. 

Arctioneura, Feld. Keis. Nov. p. 2 (1874), non descr aquaia. 

Meringocera, Feld . Reis. Nov. p. 6 (1874) distinguenda. 

Tatargina, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1877, p. 366 picta. 

Vangora, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 42 (1879) distorta. 

Melanareas, Butl. III. Het. B. M. vii. p. 29 (1899) im'perialis. 

Proboscis aborted, minute ; palpi porrect to just, or well, beyond the frons; 
bead and thorax smoothly scaled ; tibiaawith the spurs short. Fore wing with 
vein 3 from before angle of cell ; 5 from above angle, abnormally 4, 5 shortly 
stalked; 6 from upper angle; 7,8,9, 10 stalked; 11 from cell. Hind wing 
with veins 3 and 5 from near angle of cell ; 6, 7 from upper angle ; 8 from 
middle of cell. 



Sect. I. {Alope). Antennae of male bipectinate with moderate branches, of 
female serrate. 

A. Hind wing black with orange medial band aquata. 

B. Hind wing crimson or yellow ricini. 

C. Hind wing pale brownish. 

a. Fore wing with small black spots at lower angle of cell ... transversa, 
h. Fore wing with large black patch from costa to below 

lower angle of cell sjostedti. 

1877. Pericallia aequata. 

Satara cequata, Wlk. xxxi. 160 (1864); Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 33. 
Arctioneura lorquinii, Feld. Reis. Nov. pi. 107. f. 16 (1874). 

Black-brown ; tegulas orange ; abdomen orange, with dorsal series 
of short black bands and sublateral series of spots ; wings with the 
veins paler. Fore wing with nearly erect medial orange band 
varying in width and with waved edges. Hind wing with broader 
orange medial band with small black discoidal lunule on it, its outer 
edge crenulate, its inner sinuous. 

Bab. Celebes (Wallace), Ic^, 1 $ type. Eay., ^ 46, $ 54 
millim. 

1 878. Pericallia ricini. 

Bomhyx ricini, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 583 (1775) ; Moore, Lep. Ceyl. ii. p. 70, 
pi. 106. ff. 2 a, c; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 17 ; Kirby, Oat. Het. 

p. 247. 
Bomhyx zerah, StoU, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 397, G (1782). 
Alope ocellifera, Wlk. iii. p. 620 (1855). 
Alope clavatus, Swinh. P. Z. S. 1885, p. 295. 

Head and thorax dark grey-brown ; tegulae and patagia with 
grey-edged black spots ; abdomen scarlet, with dorsal series of black 
spots and lateral bands. Fore wing dark gre5--brown, sometimes 
paler or reddish with series of grey-edged black-brown spots ; a 



TERICALLIA. 



851 



basal spot ; a subbasal series of four spots ; an antemedial scries 
with the spot below the cell displaced outwards ; two medial series 




Fig. 155.— Pericallia ricini, (^ . \. 

excurved at median nervure and bent outwards to inner margin ; 
four spots beyond the cell ; a postmedial series of spots which are 
larger except the spot above vein 3 ; a subterminal series of double 
dentate spots ; a terminal series of small triangular spots. Hind 
wing scarlet, with maculate black subbasal band ; a maculate medial 
band angled outwards at lower angle of cell and vein 1 ; a maculate 
subterminal band expanding greatly above sabmedian fold and vein 
4 ; a terminal band dentate inwards at veins 2 and 3. 

Ab. 1. zerah. Abdomen and hind wing yellow. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas, Simla {Harford), 2 c^ ; Assam, Silhet, 

2 2 ; Calcutta, 1 2 ; Punjab, Jubbulpore (F. Butler), 1 d' , 1 $ ; 
Eajpootana, 2 (S , 12 ; Bombay (Leith, Swinhoe), 5 S , ^ 2 , type 
clavatus, Poona, 2 cj" , 2 5 , Mhow (Siuinhoe), 1 2 > Canara ( Ward), 
1 S , 2 2> Mysore, Shimoga (Watson), 1 $; Nilgieis {Hampson), 

3 c?, 4 2 ; Ceylon (TempJeton, Yerhury), 2 (S , 7 2 - Exp., S 32- 
50, 2 60-68 millim. 

Larva. Dark brown speckled with white, and with dorsal and 
lateral tufts of long dark hair. Eood-plants, Notonia, Fagrcea. 

1879. Pericallia transversa. (Plate XLYII. fig. 5.) 

Cycnia transversa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 398 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. 
p. 18 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 908. 

2 . (Head and abdomen wanting.) Pale brown. Fore wing 
with whitish-edged black markings ; four obliquely-placed points at 
base, below costa, in cell, and above vein 1 ; an antemedial series of 
iive spots oblique from costa to median nervure, then incurved ; a 
similar medial series conjoined into an irregular band interrupted 
in submedian fold ; clusters of small spots and points at the angles 
of cell, with a spot on costa above them ; an incurved postmedial 
series of small spots between vein 5 and inner margin ; a subter- 
minal series with the spots between veins 5 and 2 obsolescent ; 
some points below costa towards apex ; a terminal series of small 
spots, except towards tornus. Hind wing with discoidal spot ; 
subterminal spots on costa and vein 5 and from above 2 to near 
tornus ; some points at apex. 

Hal, N.W. India, 1 2 type. Exp. 40 millim. 



352 AECTIADJi:. 

*1880. Pericallia sjostedti. (Plate XLVII. fig. 24.) 

Spilosoma sjostedti, Auriv. Ent. Tidskr, 1899, p. 240. 

2 . Pale reddish brown ; palpi with the 3rd joint black ; antennae 
whitish ; black patches on frons, vertex of head, tegiilse, patagia, and 
shoulders ; legs blackish in front ; abdomen dull orange, with dorsal 
and lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface whitish. Pore 
wing with white-edged black spots ; a point at base; an antemedial 
series of five spots, the three towards costa elongate ; a medial spot 
on costa ; a large irregular patch from costa to below lower end of 
cell, with the veins crossing it whitish ; two pairs of small spots 
above and below base of vein 2 ; an oblique patch from apex to 
below vein 6, followed by small spots on veins 5, 4, 3 ; a terminal 
series of points. Hind wing with discoidal lunule ; points on termen 
between apex and vein 3 and small indistinct subterminal spots 
above 5, below 2, and above 1 ; underside with small medial and 
^oostmedial spots on costa. 

Hah. Cameroons, type f $ in Mus. Stockholm. Exp. 46 millim. 

Sect. II. (Areas). Antennse of male bipectinate, with very short branches. 
A. Abdomen dorsally crimson or tinged with scarlet. 

a. Fore wing with the ground-colour scarlet -j^^cta. 

b. Fore wing with the ground-colour not scarlet. 
o}. Hind wing crimson. 

a^. Fore wing with two postmedial and subterminal 

bands forming an X -mark ellioti. 

Ir. Fore wing without X -mark on terminal area. 
a^. Fore wing with double oblique series of spots 
or maculate band from lower angle of cell 

to inner margin sipahi. 

P. Fore wing with irregular white fascia from 
base to beyond cell. 
a*. Fore wing with the fascia continued 

obliquely to termen below apex jyannosa. 

¥. Fore wing with the fascia joined by a band 

from costa before apex dentata. 

h^. Hind wing whitish geometrica. 

c^. Hind wing yellow, often partly suffused with 
crimson. 
a-. Fore wing with white fascias in cell and sub- 

n)edian interspace imperialis. 

Ir. Fore wing with white spots in cell and sub- 
median interspace galactina. 

c?. Fore wing with narrow oblique medial fuscous 

band melanopsis. 

B. Abdomen orange above. 

a. Fore wing with postmedial white band arising from 

costa well before apex tripartita. 

h. Fore wing with oblique band from apex. 

a^. Fore wing with basal and antemedial white spots 
below cell, 
a^. Fore wing without white patch on apical part 

of termen o hUquifascia . 

b"^. Fore wing with white patch on apical part of 

termen conjoined to the oblique band conjuncta. 

b'^. Fore wing with white fascia below the cell bent 

up obliquely to apex Integra. 

c. Fore wing without band onelanimon. 



PERICALLIA. 353 

1881. Pericallia picta. 

Deiopeia picta, Wlk. xxxi. 2Go (1864) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii, p. 54 ; Kirby, 

Cat. Ilet. p. 351. 
TatargiTia formosa, Butl. Trans. Ent. Soc. 1877, p. 366 ; id. 111. Het. B.M. 

iii. p. 8, pi. 43. f. 1 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 351. 

(S . Head, thorax, and abdomen scarlet ; antennae black ; tegulae, 
patagia, meso- and metathorax with white patches with black spots 
on them ; legs striped with black ; abdomen with dorsal, lateral, and 
sublateral series of black spots, the ventral surface whitish. Eore 
wing scarlet, with subbasal, two antemedial, medial, postmedial, and 




Fig. 156.— Fericallia picta, S . {. (From Moths Ind. vol. ii.) 

subterminal white bands with series of black-edged grey spots on 
them, the 1st two angled outwards below costa, the 4th with a 
lunula te spot just beyond or conjoined to the grey discoidal spots, 
the spots of the subterminal band elongate. Hind wing yellow, 
suffused with scarlet. 

$ . Abdomen yellow above, scarlet towards base, the ventral 
surface with black and white bands ; hind wing scarlet ; an ante- 
medial black spot on costa, a discoidal spot with another on costa 
above it, sometimes some spots between lower angle of cell and inner 
margin ; some postmedial and subterminal spots towards costa. 

Ab. \. formosa. Fore wing with the bands wider. 

Hah. S. China, 1 $ type /ormo.<?a ; Burma, Moulmein, 1 $ type, 
Prome, Kalewa {Watson), 3 6 , Hsipaw {De Mceville), 1 cS . Escp.^ 
d 40, $ 54-58 millim. 

1882. Pericallia ellioti. 

Callarctia ellioti, Butl. P. Z. S. 1895, p. 739, pi. 43. f. 6. 

$ . Head and thorax black-brown ; vertex of head and antennae 
pinkish white ; tegulae white with brown spots ; base of patagia and 
sides of thorax white ; some crimson on neck and prothorax ; femora 
crimson above ; abdomen crimson, with dorsal and lateral series of 
black spots, the ventral surface brownish. Fore wing dark brown ; 
a pinkish fascia in base of cell to an oblique fascia from costa before 
middle across the cell, then along submedian fold to termen, with an 
oblique band from it just below the cell to inner margin near base ; 
the postmedial band oblique from costa to vein 5, then inwardly 
oblique and ending at submedian fascia ; the subterminal band 
arising from apex joining the postmedial band at vein 5, then bent 
outwards to termen at submedian fascia. Hind wing pale crimson^ 

VOL. III. 2 a 



354 ARCTIAD,!:, 

with subterminal dark brown band from costa to vein 5, a spot from 
vein 3 to submedian fold, and another at tornus; underside with 
discoidal spot, the costal area suffused with brown on apical half. 

Hah. Br. E. Africa, Uganda {Scott- Elliot), 1 $ type. Exp. 48 
millim. 

1883. Pericallia sipahi. (Plate XLVII. fig. 10.) 

Aloa slpahi, Moore, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 573 ; Hmpsa. Moths Ind. ii. p. 24 ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 248. 

c^ . Head and thorax black-brown ; vertex of head white ; tegulae 
white, with black spots and edged with scarlet ; patagia with the 
outer part white, with black spots on shoulders, the upper edge 
blackish ; fore coxse at sides and femora above scarlet, the basal 
half of femora white ; abdomen crimson above, white below, with 
dorsal, lateral, and sublateral series of black spots. Fore wing 
black-brown, with black point on white spot at base ; antemedial 
and medial series of spots, the spots and series more or less con- 
joined ; two oblique series of spots below end of cell, usually more 
or less conjoined and with a point below them on inner margin ; a 
point on middle of costa with one below it in cell and one on disco- 
cellulars ; two obliquely placed spots from costa beyond middle and 
three from near apex ; a curved series of four to six spots on medial 
part of terminal area. Hind wing scarlet, with antemedial, medial, 
and subterminal dark patches on costa, and subterminal often con- 
joined spots on veins 2 and 1. 

Ab. 1. The scarlet replaced by yellow. 

2 . Fore wing with the spots more conjoined and with an irre- 
gular submedian fascia ; the postmedial series more complete, and 
the subterminal series larger and more elongate. 

Hab. Bombay (Leith, Wise), 2 (S , Matheran {Swinhoe), 1 (S ; 
Deccan, 1 (S type ; Madras, 1 5 . Exp., (S 32, $ 48 millim. 

1884. Pericallia pannosa. 

Rajendra pannosa, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 397, pi. 32. f. 8 ; Hmpsn, 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 23 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 248. 

S . Head and thorax black-brown ; the upper part of frons and 
vertex of head pinkish white, with black spot on latter ; basal joint 
of antennae pink, the shaft sometimes white towards base and tips ; 
tegulae white with black spots ; patagia white, black above ; femora 
scarlet and white above ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal, lateral, 
and sublateral series of black spots, the ventral surface whitish. 
Fore wing black-brown, with antemedial, medial, and postmedial 
white spots on costa ; three obliquely placed points from costa before 
apex ; a very irregular pinkish- white fascia from base below the 
cell, its lower edge usually enclosing two dark points, then excised, its 
upper edge extending in places into the cell, from vein 2 oblique 
and with very irregular edges to termen at vein 6, two spots some- 
times present beyond the cell, and two towards tornus. Hind wing 



PEKICALLIA. 355 

pale crimson ; a blackish spot on middle of costa and another at 
upper angle of cell ; two conjoined spots from before apex to vein 5 
and a terminal spot on vein 1. 

2 . Hind wing deeper crimson, with a subterminal spot below 
vein 2 sometimes conjoined to the spot on vein 1. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the white markings considerably reduced. 

ffah. N.W. Himalayas, Sultanpur {McArthur), 2 c^" , Simla 
{Harford), 1 cT , Murree, 1 $ , Kangra (EocUng), 3 d , 3 $ type. 
Exp, 38-46 millim. 

1885. Pericallia dentata. 

Aloa dentata, Wlk. iii. 708 (1855) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 23 ; Kirby, 

Oat. Het. p. 248. 
Aloa Jchandalla, Moore, Lep. E. I. C. p. 361, pi. 9. f. 13 (1859); Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 248. 

S . Head and thorax black-brown ; basal joint of antennae crimson; 
vertex of head and fasciae on tegulse and patagia pinkish white, the 
tegulse with crimson edge at middle, the patagia with black spots ; 
femora crimson above ; abdomen crimson above, with dorsal series of 
short black bands, the ventral surface black. Fore wing black- 
brown ; a pinkish-white fascia from base below the cell, its upper 
edge with two teeth extending into the cell, its lower edge dentate 
near base and below vein 2, where it is bent upwards to the costa 
before apex ; white patches on termen below apex and at middle. 
Hind wing white, tinged with pink towards inner margin; the 
terminal half of costal area black ; a subterminal band from apex to 
vein 5, a spot on vein 2, and a terminal spot on vein 1. 

2 ' Hind wing crimson, with the markings more developed. 

Hab. Bomb AT (SiuinJioe), 1 (5 , Kandalla, 1 c5' , Canara ( Wcu^d), 2 
cT , 2 $ , type and type Jchandalla ; Nilgiris {Hampson), 1 cS , 2 2 • 
Exp. 44-50 millim. 

*1886. Pericallia geometrica. 

Chelonia geometrica, Oberth. Ann. Mus. GenoT. xviii. p. 735, pi. 9. f. 7 
(1883) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 272. 

(5 . Head and thorax black ; vertex of head, tegulse at front and 
sides, edges of patagia, and a V-shaped mark on thorax pink ; abdo- 
men pink. Fore wing black ; some pinkish white at base of inner 
margin ; a pinkish streak from base of costa to termen at vein 1 ; 
an almost medial line oblique from costa to median nervure where 
it is angled, then very oblique to inner margin before middle ; the 
postmedial line oblique from costa to vein 5 where it is angled, then 
oblique to the angle of medial line and again angled to termen 
beyond middle ; the subterminal line oblique from apex to vein 6, 
below which it is angled outwards to termen, then inwards to angle 
of postmedial line, then to termen at vein 2 and inwards to the 
streak. Hind wing whitish, with black spot on middle of costa and 

2a2 



356 AECTIADJE. 

discoidal point ; subterminal spots above and below vein 7, below 2 
and above 1. 

Hah. Abyssinia. Exp. 56 millim. This species is unknown to 
me. 

1887. Pericallia imperialis. 

Euprepia imperialis, Koll. Hiigel's Kashmir, iv. (2) p. 466, pi. 21. f. 1 
(1844) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 25 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 253. 

Head and thorax black ; anteunsB with the shaft whitish above 
towards tips ; vertex of head, stripes on tegulae, and the patagia 
yellowish white, the last with black points; neck with crimson 
ring; tegulse crimson below; pectus with crimson stripe below the 
wings ; coxae crimson behind ; abdomen crimson above with black 
bands, the ventral surface black with paired series of yellowish 
points. Pore wing black, with yellowish-white fascia from base 
through the cell to termen below vein 6, narrowing towards 
termen, and beyond upper angle of cell almost joined by an oblique 
irregular band from costa before apex ; a fascia in submedian inter- 
space from base to termen ; an oblique streak from below origin of 
vein 3 to termen at vein 2, rarely with a short streak above base of 
vein 3 ; a series of conjoined terminal spots. Hind wing orange- 
yellow with black discoidal lunule ; a broad black subterminal band 
from costa to vein 4, and large spots on veins 2 and 1. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas, Mussourie, 1 cS , Kangra {Hocking)^ 2 S , 
5 2 ; SiKHiM. Ea?p., S 80, 2 Q'i millim. 

Larva. Black, with tufts of long ferruginous hair ; head ferru- 
ginous ; stigmata white. 

1888. Pericallia galactlna. 

Chelonia galactiiia, Hoev. Tijdschr. Nat. Gescb. Phys. vii. p. 280, pi. 6. f. 5 

(1840) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 25 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 253. 
Areas orientalis, Wlk. iii. 658 (1855). 

Numenes trigonalis,\o\\. Tijdschr. Ent. vi. p. 140, pi. 10. fig. 1 (1863). 
Areas cana, Druce, A. M. N. H. (7) iii. p. 234 (1899), 

Palpi crimson, black at tips ; frons black ; antennae black, the 
shaft white above towards extremity ; vertex of head white, more 
or less suffused with crimson ; thorax white ; tegulae, shoulders, and 
patagia with black-brown spots, the vertex of thorax with broad 
brown stripe ; tegulae edged with crimson ; pectus and legs 
crimson, the latter striped with black-brown, the fore coxae with 
brown spots ; abdomen scarlet above, with dorsal, lateral, and sub- 
lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface orange, often tinged 
wath scarlet. Fore wing black-brown, with white spot at base ; 
elongate subbasal spots below costa, in cell, and on inner margin, 
and a triangular spot below the cell with another beyond it ; an 
elongate spot below middle of costa, with a wider spot below it and 
beyond cell ; spots below the cell above and below vein 3 ; a 
triangular postmedial spot on costa, with a small spot below it above 



PEEICALLIA. 357 

vein 5, and another in submedian fold; a terminal series of 
elongate quadrate spots between veins 2 and apex, towards which 
they decrease ; the markings sometimes very largely developed and 
covering the greater part of wing. Hind wing orange-yellow, 
sometimes tinged with scarlet at base or to near termen ; a black 




Fig. 157. — Pericallia galactina, (^ . ]. (From Moths Ind. vol. ii.) 

discoidal spot or lunule usually present, sometimes a postmedial 
spot on vein 2 ; subterminal spots below vein 2 and on vein 1, and 
sometimes one above vein 5. 

Ab. 1. cana. Hind wing wholly scarlet.— Sumatra. 

ffah. W. China, Chia-kou-ho, 1 c? , Omei-shan, 1 2 » Moupin, 
1 S ; N.W. Himalayas, Simla, Kulu ; Sikhim, 1 c? 2 $ , type 
orientalis ; Assam, Khasis, 1 2 ? Nagas ; Borneo, Sarawak ( Wal- 
lace),! (5, 2 $ ; SuMATRi^, type t ca;na in Coll. Druce. Ea^j^., 
6 66, $ 90 millim. 

Subsp. 1. Vertex of head and legs orange. 

Bab. Java {Horsfield), 1^1$, Arjuno, 3000 feet (DoJierty), 1 c^ . 



1889. Pericallia melanopsis. 

Arctia melanopsis, Wlk. xxxi. 280 (1864); Moore, Lep. Ceyl, ii. p. 75, 

pi. 108. f. 2 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 10 ; Kirby, Cat. Hefc. p. 254. 
Aloa caliisoma, Feld. Eeis. Nov. iv. pi. 101. f. 4 (1874). 

Head and thorax brownish ochreous ; 3rd joint of palpi and 
frons blackish ; shoulders and patagia with black points ; fore coxse 
at sides and femora above crimson ; the tibiae and tarsi fuscous ; 
abdomen crimson above, with dorsal and lateral series of black 
spots and sublateral series of points, the ventral surface ochreous 
white. Fore wing brownish ochreous, with nearly straight oblique 
fuscous line from costa beyond middle to middle of inner margin ; 
cilia pure white. Hind wing orange-yellow, the inner area tinged 
with crimson in male, in female the greater part of wing suffused 
with crimson ; cilia pure white. 

Eah, Ceilon, 1 05* , 2 $ , type. Exp., S 56, $ 86 millim. 



358 AECTIAD^. 

1890. Pericallia tripartita. 

Aloa tripartita, Wlk. iii. 706 (1855) ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 24 ; Butl. 
111. Het. V. p. 35, pi. 86. f. 4 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 248. 

5 . Head and thorax black-brown ; vertex of head yellow, with 
a dark spot ; tegulse and patagia with yellow stripes ; abdomen 
yellow above, with dorsal series of black bands and patch on 
terminal segment, the ventral surface black. Fore wing black, 
with yellowish-white spots below base and middle of cell, a spot in 
middle of cell, an obliquely curved postmedial maculate band, and 
sometimes subterrainal spots between veins 2 and 1. Hind wing 
yellow ; the costal area black, expanding into a triangular discoidal 
patch ; a subterminal band from costa to below vein 4 ; a large spot 
on vein 2, and a terminal spot on vein 1. 

Hah. Burma, Moulmein (ClerJc), 2 $ type. Eccj). 40 millim. 



1891. Pericallia conjuncta, n. sp. (Plate XLYII. fig. 11.) 

J . Head and tborax black-brown ; vertex of head yellowish 
white with dark spot : yellowish fasciae on tegulse and patagia ; 
abdomen orange above, with dorsal series of black bands, the ventral 
surface black. Fore wing black, with white patch below base of cell, 
expanding just into cell and connected with a patch below middle 
of eel], conjoined to one in and above middle of cell and to one 
below end of cell, which is joined by an oblique band from apex 
confluent with a terminal series of spots between veins 2 and 6. 
Hind wing yellowish white, the inner area yellow ; the medial 
costal area black, conjoined to a discoidal spot. 

Hab. LoMBOK (Dohe7^ty), 1 cS type. Eojj). 32 millim. 



1892. Pericallia obliquifascia. (Plate XLYII. fig. 12.) 

Alphcsa obliquifascia, Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 24 (1894). 

J . Head and thorax black-brown ; vertex of head yellow, with 
a black spot ; the tegular and patagia with yellow stripe ; abdomen 
orange above, with dorsal series of short black bands and patch on 
terminal segment, the ventral surface black. Fore wing black, 
with yellowish- white spots below base and middle of cell; an 
oblique band of spots from apex to below base of vein 2 ; one to 
four subterminal spots between veins 2 and 6, the one above vein 3 
larger and always present. Hind wing yellow ; the medial costal 
area black and conjoined to a discoidal spot ; a terminal spot on 
vein 1, and sometimes a subterminal spot on vein 2 ; cilia whitish ; 
the veins often blackish towards termen. 

5 . Hind wing deeper orange-yellow, with the spots more 
developed and the cilia black. 

Hab. JSr.W. Himalayas, Dharmsala ; Assam, 2 c? ; Burma, Ran- 
goon (Scott), 2 J type, Thayetmyo (Watson), 1 $, Dawnat Hills 



PERICALLIA. 359 

{De mcSville), 1 $ ; Java (Horsfield), 1 d , 4 $ . Exjj., d 38, 
$ 4G millim. 

1893. Pericallia Integra. (Plate XLYII. fig. 23.) 

Aloa integra, Wlk. iii. 707 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 248. 

(S . Head and thorax black-brown ; vertex of head j-ellow with 
dark spot ; tegulae and patagia with yellow stripes ; abdomen 
orange above, with dorsal series of black bands and patch on 
terminal segment, the ventral surface black. Pore wing black, 
with white fascia from base below the cell nearly straight to vein 2, 
then oblique with slightly waved edges to apex. Hind wing yel- 
lowish white, the inner area deeper yellow ; the costal area black, 
conjoined at middle to a discoidal spot. 

Hah. Philippines, 1 6 type. Eocp. 38 millim. 

*1894. Pericallia melanimon. (Plate XLVII. fig. 4.) 

Arctia melanimon, Mab. 0. R. Soc. Ent. Beige, xxiii.p. xvi (1880); Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 229. 

$ . Head and thorax deep red-brown ; basal joint of antennae 
orange ; femora orange above ; abdomen orange, with short dorsal 
black bands, the ventral surface red-brown. Pore wing deep red- 
brown, with the costal edge orange. Hind wing fuscous black ; the 
costal area orange-yellow to near apex, emitting a small discoidal 
lunule ; the inner margin and cilia yellow. 

Hah. Madagascar, type f 5 in Coll. Mabille. Exp. 38 millim. 

Sect. III. {Pericallia). Antennie of male serrate. 

A. Fore wing with oblique postmedial band ; hind wing 

crimson hodeva. 

B. Fore wing without postmedial band ; hind wing orange... matronula. 

*1895. Pericallia hodeva. 

Hoplarctia hodeva, Druee, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. ii. p. 392, pi. 77. f. 15 

(1897). 

S . Head and thorax black-brown ; tegulae and base of patagia 

yellowish white ; abdo- 
men blue-black ; genital 
tufts orange. Pore wing 
black-brown ; a yellowish- 
white fascia from base 
just below costa to the 
oblique postmedial band 
Fig. \bS.— Pericallia hodeva, J . i. in submedian interspace. 

Hind wing crimson, the 
inner area and a broad terminal band black. 

Ab. 1. Hind wing orange-yellow. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalisco, type t (5^ in Coll. Schaus. Eaj). 38 millim. 




360 ARCTIADiB. 



1896. Pericallia matronula. 

Noctua matronula, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 509 (1758); Esp. Schmett. iv. 

p. 44, pi. 86. ff. 1-5 ; Staud. Cat. p. 57 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 257. 
Fhalana idriensis, Scop. Annus N. H. v. p. 113 (1772). 
Bombyx matrona, Hiibn. Eur. Schmett. ii. ff. 238, 239 ; Godt. Lep. Fr. iv. 

p. 333, pi. 34. f. 5. 

Head and thorax black-brown ; palpi except at tips, basal joint 
of antennae, bars above frons and above eyes, and edges of tegulae 
crimson ; outer edge of tegulae and patagia with yellow stripes ; 
thorax with crimson stripes and metathorax edged with crimson ; 
pectus crimson ; legs fuscous, the femora above and stripes on hind 
tibiae and spots on tarsi crimson ; abdomen crimson, with dorsal 
and lateral series of black spots and sublateral fuscous patches. 
Fore wing olive-brown, with pale yellow spot in and below base of 
cell, often joined to an antemedial spot on or just below costa ; a 
medial spot on costa extending into the cell ; a postmedial patch 
extending to vein 5, with a small spot beyond it just below costa, 
sometimes confluent with it ; traces of a dark medial band some- 
times present; a postmedial yellow spot sometimes present on or 
above vein 2. Hind wing orange, with irregularly waved medial 
black band often reduced to spots ; a large discoidal spot ; a sub- 
terminal maculate band, sometimes complete, sometimes interrupted 
at middle. 

Hah. E. Peance ; Germany, Zeller and Frey Colls. ; Livonia ; 
HuNGAEY ; Switzerland ; Russia. Exp, 80-92 millim. 

Larva. Kirby, Eur. Butt. & Moths, p. 102. 

Early stages whitish ; later stages dark brown with tufts of long 
reddish-brown hair. Food-plants when young, hazel, elm, etc., 
during later stages on herbaceous plants such as Lonicera xylosteum. 

Sect. IV. {JEthalida). Antennse of male ciliated. 

A. Vertex of thorax with dark stripes. 

a. Fore wing with usually complete postmedial white 

band erosa. 

b. Fore wing with irregular postmedial, usually conjoined, 

white patches on costal and inner areas matherana. 

B. Vertex of thorax with dark spots. 

a. Fore wing with the markings white. 

a^. Fore wing with irregular postmedial band distorta. 

b^. Fore wing with medial white patch on costa and 

no postmedial band rtidis. 

b. Fore wing with the markings yellowish buff. 

a^. Hind wing crimson conflictalis. 

b^. Hind wing brown. 

a^. Hind wing with yellowish markings on costa and 

inner area and some subterminal spots dor a. 

b"^. Hind wing with scarlet markings on costa phitonica. 

C. Vertex of thorax wholly brown. 

a. Hind wing with the markings on costal area scarlet ... ddhertyi. 

b. Hind wmg with the markings on costal area yellowish, distinguenda. 



PEEICALLIA 361 

1897. Pericallia erosa. 

Aloa erosa, Wlk. iii. 708 (1855) ; Moore, Lep. Oeyl. ii. p. 72, pi. 107. ft'. 1, 
la; Hinpsn. Motlis Ind. ii. p. 19 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 247. 

Head dark brown, the vertex white, palpi scarlet, brown at tips ; 
basal joint of antenna3 scarlet ; thorax white, with black spots on 
tegulse and patagia and stripe on vertex, the tegulae slightly edged 
with scarlet ; neck with scarlet ring ; pectus and legs brown, the 
femora scarlet above ; abdomen scarlet above with dorsal series of 
black spots, the ventral surface black with scarlet segmental bands. 
Fore wing black-brown, with verj^ irregular white fascia from base 
below the cell to the oblique postmedial band, emitting spurs on 
upper side to below costa near base and before middle, and to costa 
at middle of cell, its lower edge enclosing a dark spot near base, 
then with two hooks, then excised, the postmedial band sometimes 
broken at middle and not reaching inner margin ; a white spot 
at apex, a subterminal'spot below vein 6, and a terminal spot on 
vein 3. Hind wing crimson ; black spots at lower angle of cell 
and on vein 1 ; large conjoined subterminal patches below apex and 
at middle, and a terminal patch at vein 1 ; some spots on termen 
towards apex ; cilia white at tips. Underside of fore wing with 
the white on basal half largely suffused w4th crimson ; hind wing 
paler, with the medial spots more developed. 

Ab. 1. Fore wing with the basal white markings not connected 
by a fascia with the postmedial band, Avhich is broken up into spots ; 
no spots on terminal area; hind wing with complete medial band 
and the whole terminal area brown. — Travancore. 

ffab. NiLGiKis, S. slopes ; Travancore, Trevandrum, 1 6 ; Ceylon, 
Pundaloya (Green), 3 c? , 2 2 , type. E.vp., ^ 54, $ 58 millim. 

Larva. Moore, Lep. Ceyl. ii. p. 72, pi. 107. f. 1 b. 

Dark brown with dense tufts of blackish hair. Pood-plants, 
Oloriosa superba and Thunbergia. 

1898. Pericallia matherana. 

Pangora matherana, Moore, P. Z. S. 1879, p. 396 ; Waterh. Aid,ii. pi. 131. 
f. 6 ; Hmpsn. Moths Ind. ii. p. 20 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 247. 

Head brown, the palpi yellow at base, the vertex white with 
brown spot ; thorax white, with black spots on tegulae and patagia 
and brown stripe on vertex, the tegulae slightly edged with yellow ; 
pectus and legs brown, the fore coxae yellow at sides, the femora 
yellow above ; abdomen yellow above, with dorsal and lateral series 
of black spots, the ventral surface brown with whitish patch 
at base. Fore wing dark brown, with very irregular white patch 
on basal third, with black point below base of costa and two above 
vein 1, its upper edge dentate towards costa near base and before 
middle of cell ; a very irregular double partially-conjoined post- 
medial band, its inner portion bent inwards to costa and often 
interrupted at middle and at inner margin, its outer edge very 
irregularly dentate; two white spots at apex, one subterminal 



^^2 ARCTIAD.^. 

below vein 6 and others on termen on each side of vein 3. Hind 
wing yellow, with medial brown band with waved edges and 
narrowing or interrupted towards inner margin ; a very irregular 
subterminal maculate band, expanding to apical part of termen and 
usually enclosing some yellow points, sometimes touching termen 
at vein 2 and ending on termen at vein 1. 

Ilab. Bombay, Matheran (Leith), 1 ci" , 3 $ , type. Eojp., S 52, 
2 60 millim. 

Subsp. 1. rubelliana, Swinh. P.Z. S. 1889, p. 403; Hmpsn. 111. Het. B. M. 
viii. p. 6, pi. 143. f. 18 ; id. Moths Ind. ii. p. 19. 

All the yellow areas replaced by scarlet ; hind wing with the 
medial band reduced to spots or almost absent. 




Fig. 159. — Pericallia ruheUiaiia, (^ . \. (From Moths Ind. vol. ii.) 

Hah. N. Canara ( Wise), 1 S type ; Nilgiris (ffamj^son), 1 $ ; 
Teavancore, Naganad (FeUows-Wilsoti), 1 cT . 

1899. Pericallia distorta. 

Pangora distorta, Moore, Lep. Atk. p. 42, pi. 2. f. 14 (1879) ; Hrapsn. 
Moths Ind. ii. p. 19 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 247. 

(S . Head dark brown, the vertex yellowish white with brown 
spot ; thorax yellowish white, with brown spots on tegulse, patagia, 
pro- meso- and metathorax ; coxae whitish, femora scarlet above ; 
abdomen scarlet above, with dorsal and lateral series of black spots, 
the ventral surface brown with scarlet bands. Fore wing brown, 
the veins pale ; a whitish mark at base ; two irregular oblique 
whitish antemedial bands from subcostal nervure to vein 1, 
conjoined in submedian fold and emitting a spur to base ; an 
irregular postmedial band, its inner edge dentate at vein 6, emitting 
an oblique spur into upper angle of cell and another spur in 
submedian fold, its outer edge dentate at the veins and in sub- 
median fold ; obliquely placed subterminal spots above and below 
vein 6, and another on vein 3. Hind wing scarlet ; brown spots 
on costa at middle and above discoidal spot ; subterminal spots on 
each side of veins 7, 5, 2, and 1, and some terminal spots towards 
apex. 

Hah. N.W. Himalayas, Simla, Mussoorie (Hutton), 1 S type. 
Eocp. 60 millim. 



rEKICALLTA. 363 

1900. Pericallia rudis. 

Areas rudis, Wlk. xxxi. 287 (1874) ; Swinh. Oat. Het. Mus. Oxon. p. 17«, 
pi. iv. f. 6 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 253. 

2 . Head and thorax white ; palpi, lower part of frons, antennae, 
and edges of tegulae scarlet ; frons, vertex of head, tegulae, shoulders, 
patagia pro- meso- and metathorax with paired black spots ; 
pectus, legs, and abdomen scarlet, the last with dorsal and lateral 
series of black points. Fore wing red-brown ; an irregular white 
patch on basal area from just above median nervure to just below 
vein 1, with two black points on it at base ; an irregular medial 
patch from costa to below vein 2, with a bar-shaped spot below it ; 
a small round discoidal spot with another beyond it in discoidal 
fold : a series of rather elongate spots from costa before apex to 
termen at vein 2, the spot above vein 4 small. Hind wing scarlet, 
with two small fuscous spots below costa towards apex. Underside 
of fore wing with the markings of basal half tinged with scarlet, 
of terminal half with ochreous. 

Bab. Celebes, Makassar ( Wallace), 1 $ type t in Mus. Oxon. 
Fa^p. 60 millim. 

*1901. Pericallia conflict alls. 

Areas conflidalis, Wlk. xxxi. 286 (1864) ; Swinh. Cat. Het. Mus. Oxon. 
p. 176, pi. iy. f. 5 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 253. 

$ . Head scarlet ; antennae brownish ; teguloe scarlet, with large 
brown patches ; thorax pale ochreous, with black spots on patagia, 
meso- and metathorax ; pectus, legs, and abdomen scarlet, the last 
with dorsal and lateral series of small black spots. Fore wing 
reddish brown ; a pale ochreous patch on basal area from just above 
median nervure to above inner margin, with two black points on it 
at base ; a large irregular medial patch from costa to just below 
median nervure ; a spot in end of cell ; a postmedial series of spots 
curved below costa, the spots above veins 3 and 4 small, and the 
spot above vein 1 much larger ; a trifid patch at apex with two 
small spots below it ; a terminal spot on vein 2, with small sub- 
terminal point above it. Hind wing scarlet. Underside of fore 
wing with the basal half and the markings of terminal half 
scarlet. 

Hab. Batchian ( Wallace), 1 $ type t in Mus. Oxon. Exp. 
m millim. 

*1902. Pericallia dora. 

Pangora dora. Semper, Schmett. Phil. ii. p. 490, pi. 55. f. 7 (1899). 

(S . Head orange, with black spots on frons and vertex of head ; 
thorax dull white, tegulse edged with orange ; tegulae, patagia, pro- 
meso- and metathorax with black spots ; pectus orange ; legs 
fuscous and orange ; abdomen orange, with series of dorsal and 
lateral black spots, and two ventral spots on subterminal segment. 
Fore wing red-brown ; some whitish marks at base ; a yellowish- 
white spot in and below cell ; a rounded spot in middle of cell ; a 



364 



ARCTIAD^. 



spot just beyond discocellulars with one above it below costa ; a 
small triangular spot between veins 3, 4 ; a large rounded apical 
spot, and a small subterminal spot between veins 2 and 3. Hind 
wing red-brown ; the costal area and cell yellow to just beyond its 
extremity, with a small brown spot in lower end of cell ; the inner 
area yellow ; a small subapical spot and a subterminal lunula 
between veins 3, 4. 

Hah. Philippines, S.E. Mindanao, type t c? in Coll. Semper. 
Eccp. 48 millim. 

*1903. Pericallia plutonica. 

Meringocera plutonica, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 101. f. 11 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 222. 
Meringocera tricolor, Pag. J.B. Nass. Ver. xli. p. 118 (1888) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 222. 
Pangora hurica, Holl. Nov. Zool. vii. p. 560 (1900). 

S . Dark brown ; palpi, points on frons, and base of antennse 
crimson ; tegulae edged with crimson ; meso- and metathorax with 
crimson points ; pectus and legs crimson and brown ; abdomen with 
the anal tuft crimson, the lateral and ventral surfaces crimson, 
with lateral series of black spots and ventral bands towards 
extremity. Fore wing with slight ochreous marks at base ; a 
pinkish-ochreous elliptical spot in cell towards upper angle. Hind 
wing with semihyaline streaks in and below cell. Underside with 
the spot in cell of fore wing crimson; a crimson fascia on basal 
half of costa of hind wing, sometimes extending into base and end 
of cell. 

2 . Vertex of head yellowish at sides ; thorax with more ochreous, 
the dark markings reduced especially on patagia. Pore wing with 
two subapical yellowish spots. Hind wing without semihyaline 
streak. 

The type of plutonica has veins 4, 5 of fore wing shortly stalked. 

Hah. Moluccas (Lorquin), typef d in Coll. Rothschild; Amboina; 
BouRU (Boherti/), typef hurica in Coll. Holland ; Batchian, 1 d" in 
Mus. Oxon. JSxj). 52 millim. 

1904. Pericallia dohertyi, n. sp. (Plate XLVII. fig. 14.) 

(5 . Black-brown, or dark red-brown ; palpi, basal joint of 
antennae, edges of tegulse, the greater part of pectus and femora 
above scarlet ; tarsi mostly scarlet and orange ; abdomen scarlet, 
with broad dorsal black-brown fascia and lateral and sublateral 
series of bands, the latter forming bands on terminal segments, the 
medial segments dorsally edged with scarlet. Pore wing with 
ochreous spot at base, sometimes conjoined to a subbasal spot below 
the cell ; a spot in upper end of cell usually connected with costa ; 
two conjoined apical spots. Hind wing with semihyaline patch in 
and below end of cell ; the basal half of costal area scarlet, more or 
less confluent with a spot beyond the cell which is partly yellowish ; 
a slight scarlet streak in basal part of submedian fold. 

Hah. Sangir (DoJierty), 2 c? type. E.Vjp. 52 millim. 



PERTCALLTA. ECP.^ NTIIEHTA . 365 

*1905. Pericallia distinguenda. 

Mthalida distmguenda, Wlk. xxxi. 3:21 (1804) ; Swinli. Cat. Het. Mu3. 
Oxon. p. 175 (part), pi. 4. f. 3 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 278. 

(S . Very dark chocolate-brown ; palpi scarlet except at tips ; 
antennae scarlet at base ; sides of frons and vertex of head whitish ;, 
tegulsD narrowly edged with scarlet ; patagia with the basal part 
whitish, with a large brown spot on shoulders ; legs whitish, scarlet 
and brown ; abdomen with scarlet lateral stripe except on terminal 
segment, emitting segmental bands nearly or quite joining on dorsum 
and with a lateral series of black spots on it, a conjoined series 
of ventral whitish bands, the terminal segment with scarlet sub- 
lateral and whitish ventral spots. Fore wing with white point at 
base, a subbasal spot below the cell, and an elliptical spot in end of 
cell. Hind wing with semihyaline fascia above and below median 
nervure ; a yellowish-white fascia just below costa and in cell from 
near base to middle, followed by a spot beyond middle; subter- 
minal scarlet points above veins 6 and 3. 

JIab. Celebes, Menado (Wallace), type t (S in Mus. Oxon.. 
Ea^j). 50 millim. 

Genus ECPANTHERIA. 

Type. 

Ecpantheria, Hiibn. Verz. p. 183 (1827) ocularia. 

Catenina, Burm. Ann. Mus. B. Ayres, iii. p. 42 (1883) heterogena. 

Proboscis aborted, slight ; palpi porrect, not reaching beyond the frons; head 
and thorax smoothly scaled; hind tibiae with the medial spurs absent; abdomen 
with a little rough hair at base of dorsum. Fore wing with vein 3 from near 
angle of cell ; 4, 5 from angle; 6 from upper angle; 7, 8, 9, 10 stalked; 11 
free. Hind wing with veins 3, 4 from angle of cell or shortly stalked ; 5 from 
just above angle ; 6, 7 from upper angle; 8 from middle of cell. 

Sect. 1. {Catenina). Antennae of male bipectinate with short branches. 

A. Abdomen with the base white, in male extending to middle, mus. 

B. Abdomen with the base dark, the hair at base only white ... heterogena. 

1906. Ecpantheria mus. 

Ecpantheria mus, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 109, pi. 16. f. 1 (1881); Kirby,. 
Cat. Het. p. 216. 

(5 . White ; head and thorax slightly tinged with grey ; palpi, 
lower part of frons, and a patch below antennge black; antennae 
with the shaft at middle and extremity and the branches black ; 
tegulee with two black streaks ; patagia with two streaks meeting 
at extremity ; legs banded with black ; abdomen with large dorsal 
black patch on subterminal segments, a sublateral series of black 
spots. Fore wing hyaline from median nervure before middle to ter- 
men at apex and submedian fold; five black-ringed spots on costa, four 
above vein 1, and four on inner margin ; a terminal series of black 
striae. Hind wing almost hyaline, the inner area more thickly 
scaled ; some black points on costa and termen near apex and often 
towards tornus which is slightly produced. 

$ . Thorax darker grey ; abdomen dorsaily black except at base. 



366 



ARCTIAD^. 



Fore wing tinged with pale yellow-brown, with series of grey black- 
edged spots ; a subbasal series of two spots, four antemedial spots, 
and a short black streak in cell ; six medial spots, the spot in costa 
irregular, the one in cell elongate and both joined to the discoidal spot; 
postmedial and subterminal series of eight and nine spots, and a 
terminal series of nine more or less elongate spots. Hind wing 
fuscous black, with the base and veins paler, some whitish subter- 
minal marks on the veins. 

Hah. Brazil, Castro Parana, 1 cS . Exp., S 42, 5 52 millim. 

1907. Ecpantheria heterogena. 

Ecpantheria heterogena, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 109, pi. 15. f. 2 (1881) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 218. 
Ecpantheria context a, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 109, pi. 16. f. 2 (1881); Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 218. 
Ecpantheria pellucida, Schaus, P. Z. S. 1892, p. 282; id. Am. Lep. p. 13, 

pi. 3. ff. 11, 12. 

S . Head and thorax grey-white ; sides of frons blue-black ; 
antennae with the branches black ; tegulae and patagia with two 
black stripes meeting at extremity ; legs banded with black ; 
abdomen dorsally blue-black except at base and extremity. Fore 
wing brownish white, hyaline from median nervure before middle 
to termen at apex and vein 1 ; five black-edged spots on costa, from 




Fig. 160. — Ecpantheria heterogena, (^ . \. 

above vein 1, and four on inner margin ; cilia chequered with black. 
Hind wing hyaline, the inner area clothed with white hair; a black 
spot on tornal lobe, and sometimes some points on termen towards 
apex ; the underside with three black-edged spots on costa ; the 
tornus slightly produced. 

5 . Head and thorax whiter, with brown between the black lines ; 
abdomen with the extremity black. Fore wing with series of 
black-edged brown spots ; two irregular subbasal spots ; an ante- 
medial series of 6 spots, the spot in cell elongate and connected 
with the medial series, which has conjoined irregular spots on costa 
and in and beyond cell, then becoming two series each of five spots ; 
a subterminal series of nine spots, and a terminal series becoming 
elongate towards apex. Hind wing fuscous black, the apical area 
from middle of costa to tornus white, with subterminal series of 
large fuscous spots and terminal series of small spots. 

Ab. 1. contexta. $ . Fore wing with the spots smaller and well 



ECPANTHERIA. 367 

separated, the medial series widely separated from the postmedial 
towards costa ; hind wing witli the subterminal spots small. 

Hah. Brazil, llio Janeiro, 1 S - Eocp., c? 54, 5 68 millim. 
Types t S and typef $ conte.vta in Coll. Oberthur, type fpellucida 
in Coll. Schaus. 

Subsp. bahiaensw, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 109, pi. 16. f. 5 (1881) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 218. 
Ecpanthcria boisduvali, Obertb. Et. Ent. vi. p. 110, pi. 16. f. 6 (1881); 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 218. 
2 . Fore wing with the spots white- centred, the autemedial and 
medial spots being largely confluent in haJiiaensis, more separate in 
boisduvali ; hind wing with the blackish area including the subter- 
minal spots and leaving a narrow white band from apex to submedian 
fold with the terminal spot on it. 

Hah. Brazil, Bahia, type t and type t boisduvali in Coll. Ober- 
thur. Ecup. 56 millim. 

This may prove distinct from lieterogena when the male is 
discovered. 

Sect. II. {Ecpantheria). AnlennjB of male serrate and ciliated. 

A, Hind wing of raalewitb tbe tornus produced to a more or 
less elongate pointed lobe, of female slightly produced. 

a. Abdomen crimson with black bands vigriplaga. 

b. Abdomen orange and black. 

a}. Hind wing of male with a tornnl lobe produced to 
a long acute point. 
a^. Fore wing with series of dark olive-brown spots. 
a^. Fore wing with the veins of terminal area 
yellowish, with brown spots on each side of 
them at termen. 

«*. Mesothorax with paired dark patches Icsta. 

6*. Mesothorax with a dorsal dark patch ochreator. 

b^. Fore wing with the veins of terminal area white, 
with single spots on termen. 
a*. Patagia with the brown stripe extending to 

base ; tornal lobe of male very long magdalence. 

6^. Patagia with the brown stripe not extending 

to base; the tornal lobe of male shorter ... leiicarctioides, 
5^. Fore wing with series of black-edged annulate 

spots decora. 

b^. Hind wing of male with the tornal lobe slightly or 
moderately developed. 
«^. Fore wing with the ground-colour white. 

a^. Fore wing with series of black spots 

b^. Fore wing with series of black-edged annulate 
spots, 
a*. Fore wing strongly irrorated with fuscous . . . gaujoni. 
b^. Fore wing not irrorated with fuscous. 

«'. Thorax and base of fore wing tinged with 
pink. 
a^. AbdoDien with dorsal orange stripe on 

medial segments kinkelini. 

b^. Abdomen with dorsal orange bands peruvensis. 

¥. Thorax and fore wing without pink tinge. 
a^. Abdomen blue-black, with dorsal series 
of orange spots or segmental bands. 
aP. Frons black. 



368 ARCTIAD^. 

d^. Fore wing of male without hyaline 
area. 
a'\ Antennre blue-black. 

a"'. Hind M'ing with slight black 

streak on middle of inner area 

and spot on tornal lobe. 

a^'. Fore wing with the spots 

white strongly edged with 

blue-black deflorata. 

//\ Fore wing with the spots 
greyish with narrow black 

edges abdominaliSi 

i^°. Hind wing of male with black 

fascia on inner area alpha. 

W. Antennae white albicornis. 

1)^. Fore wing of male with the area 

from end of cell to termen hyaline. 

a^. Abdomen with slight dorsal orange 

spots, sometimes absent ocularia. 

h^. Abdomen with dorsal series of 

orange bands robusta. 

b'' . Frons white with blackish bar above it. 
a"^. Fore wing of male with the area 

from end of cell to termen hyaline, caudata. 
b^. Fore wing of male without hyaline 
area, 
a^. Abdomen with the blue-black area 

not irrorated with white cunigunda. 

b^. Abdomen with the blue-black area 

irrorated with white bari. 

¥. Abdomen orange with black bands orsa. 

c^. Abdomen orange, with subdorsal series of 

blue spots in male, in female with white 

spots, the segments dorsally edged with 

white. 

a''. Abdomen of male with the subdorsal 

spots well developed, of female with 

tlie white spots edged with black onuzina. 

ft". Abdomen of male with the subdorsal 
spots small, of female with the white 
spots not edged with black icasia. 



. Fore wing entirely white eridaims. 



b^. Fore wing pale ochreous with series of large black- 
edged olive-brown spots cotyora. 

c^. Fore wing with the ground-colour grey to pale 
olive-brown. 
a^. Fore wing with dark spots edged with black and 

white indecisa. 

P. Fore wing with the spots not darker than the 

ground-colour and edged with white only albiscripta. 

c^. Fore Ming with obscure dark spots on costa only, anomala. 

1908. Ecpantheria nigriplaga. (Plate XLVII. fig. 13.) 

Ecpantheria oiigriplaga, Wlk. iii. 692 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria obesa, Wlk. iii. 695 (1855). 

^ . Head and thorax white tinged with fawn ; palpi black and 
white ; frons metallic blue ; antennae black ; tegulse, patagia, pro- 
meso- and metathorax with fuscous annuli, a yellow bar and blue 



ECPANTKERIA. 369 

tufb at extremity ; pectus fuscous and blue at sides ; le^s white 
banded with black, fore coxae with blue patches ; abdomen crimson 
banded with blue-black, the 1st segment brown, lateral series of 
black spots, the ventral surface white with sublateral and ventral 
black spots, anal tuft yellowish, blue at middle and black at sides 
above. Eore wing white, tinged with pale brown ; curved subbasal, 
antemedial, medial, postmedial, subterminal, and almost terminal 
series of small black spots; three spots just beyond the cell. Hind 
wing brownish white, with two black spots on costa, small discoidal 
and subapical spots, and black patches on inner area near base and 
on tornal lobe, which is very large. 

$ . Wings rather darker ; fore wing with whitish centres to 
the spots ; hind wing with subterminal series of whitish-centred 
spots. 

Hah. Jamaica (Oosse), 4 cS type, 1 $ type ohesa. Exp., d 46, 
2 80 millim. 

1909. Ecpantheria laeta. 

Ecpaniheria lata, Wlk. iii. 696 (1855) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 217. 
Ecpantheria hraziliensis, Oberth. Et. Ent, m\. p. Ill, pi. 19. ff. 2, 3, 6 

(1881). 
Ecpantheria prcsclara, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. Ill, pi. 19. f. 1 (1881) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 217. 

S . Head and thorax white ; palpi, frons, and antennae blue- 
black ; neck yellow ; tegulse, patagia, meso- and metathorax with 
black patches, elongate on patagia and mesothorax ; pectus black at 
sides ; fore coxae and bands on legs blue-black ; abdomen orange, 
with dorsal series of blue-black bands and lateral series of spots, the 
ventral surface white with ventral black points and bands at base 
and extremity. Tore wing white, with two subbasal black-edged 




Fig. 161. — Ecpantheria Iceta, c^. \. 

olive-brown spots ; an antemedial curved series of small spots ; a 
medial series of large spots, slightly angled in cell ; a discoidal bar ; 
a postmedial series of small spots, the one on costa larger, angled at 
vein 4, then incurved ; a subterminal series of large irregular spots, 
those above veins 3 and 4 smaller, the one below vein 2 conjoined 
to one of the terminal series which towards apex form short streaks 
on each side of the veins. Hind wing : costal area white and 

VOL. III. 2 B 



370 ARCTIAD^. 

orange with four black spots ; a discoidal spot ; the terminal area 
beyond the cell hyaline ; the inner area orange, with black streaks 
below the cell and on vein 1, and mark on outer part of tornal lobe, 
which is large. 

2 . Abdomen with the ventral surface yollow, with blue-black 
bands ; fore wing with the spots often edged with yellow, two 
spots beyond lower angle of cell ; hind wing black, with orange 
markings on costa and in cell ; the termen orange with some blaek 
spots. 

Hah. Yeneztjela, 1 (5,3$, type ; Bkazil. E.vj)., J 50, $ 66 
millim. 

*1910. Ecpantheria ochreator. 

Ecpantheria ochreator, Feld. Eeis. Nov. pi. 101. f. 2 (1874) ; Kirby, Cat. 
Het. p. 217. 

5 . Head and thorax yellowish white ; palpi, frons, and antennse 
black-brown; tegulae and patagia black-brown with yellowish edges; 
meso- and metathorax with medial black-brown patches; pectus 
and legs black-brown ; abdomen orange, with dorsal series of black- 
brown spots becoming short bands towards extremity, the ventral 
surface with black-brown bands. Fore wing creamy white ; the 
veins, discal and submedian folds orange ; a dark spot at base ; a 
subbasal dark olive-brown patch from costa to vein 1 ; an ante- 
medial maculate line angled at middle of cell, the costal spot wedge- 
shaped ; a medial band angled on median nervure ; linear spots 
before and beyond the discocellulars ; a postmedial maculate 
line, the costal spot wedge-shaped, excurved between veins 5 and 3, 
where the spots are small, then oblique ; a subterminal series of 
irregular patches, the spot below vein 4 small, and the two patches 
between vein 3 and inner margin extending to termen ; elongate 
spots on each side of the veins towards apex and a patch from above 
vein 4 to above 2. Hind wing orange-yellow ; a medial series of 
irregular black spots ; a comma-shaped discoidal spot, reduced to 
two small spots on left side ; a postmedial line between vein 4 and 
submedian fold and a point below vein 1 ; subterminal spots below 
costa, on vein 5 and two towards tornus ; small spots on termen at 
veins 6 and 4. 

Hah. Guatemala (Salvin), 1 $ type t in Coll. Eothschild. jKrp. 
60 millim. 

1911. Ecpantheria magdalenae. 

Ecpantheria magdalencs, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. Ill, pi. 18. ff. 5, 8 (1881) ; 
Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 216. 

f5 . Head and thorax white ; palpi, frons, and antennae black- 
brown ; patches on tegulae, patagia, meso- and metathorax brown 
with a bluish gloss ; pectus brown at sides ; legs black and white ; 
abdomen orange, with dorsal brown bands and patch at base, lateral 
series of black points, the ventral surface white with dark patch 
before extremity. Pore wing white ; subbasal black-edged olive- 



ECPANIEERIA. 371 

brown spots on costa and below cell ; an antemedial spot on co3ta 
and two points below the cell ; a medial series of spots, angled on 
median nervure ; a small discoidal spot ; a postmedial point below 
costa and three between vein 3 and inner margin; a subterminal 
series of spots interrupted above vein 4, the spot below vein 4 ex- 
tending to termen ; a terminal series of spots from apex to vein 3. 
Hind wing orange ; the area from near base to termen on each side 
of median nervure hyaline ; a discoidal black point and a subter- 
minal point below vein 2 ; an elongate brown patch on the tornal 
lobe, which is very large. 

2 . Abdomen with the dorsal bands more developed, the terminal 
segment dark with two orange streaks ; fore wing with two small 
spots beyond lower angle of cell, the antemedial, postmedial, and 
terminal series more developed; hind wing black-brown, with three 
orange spots on costa and short bar before apex, the termen orange 
from vein 4 to tornus, with two dark spots on it. 

Hab. Colombia, Bogota {Buckley), 1 S . Exy., S 46, $ 64 
millim. 

1912. Ecpantheria leucarctioidas. 

Ecpantheria leucarctioides, Grote & Rob. Ann. Lye. N. Y. viii. p. 31^9, 

pi. 14. fF. 3. 4 (1867) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 217. 
Ecpantheria tenella, H. Edw. Papiho, iv. pp. 15, 41 (1884). 
Ecpantheria trehula, Druce, Biol. Cenfcr.-Am., Het. i. p. 97, pi. 10. f. 3 

(1884) ; Kirby, Oat. Het. p. 215. 

(5 . Head and thorax white ; palpi, frons, and antennae black ; 
tegulae with black points, patagia with large spots ; mesothorax 
with pair of spots, metathorax with one spot; pectus and legs white, 
the former with black stripes at sides, the latter banded with black ; 
abdomen orange, with dorsal and lateral series of black spots, the 
former expanding at base, the ventral surface whitish, with black 
spot on terminal segment. Fore wing white ; subbasal black-edged 
olive-brown spots on costa and below the cell ; an antemedial series 
of four small spots, slightly angled in cell ; a medial series of spots 
angled on median nervure ; a discoidal spot ; a postmedial series of 
small spots, angled at vein 4, then incurved ; an oblique subter- 
minal series bent outwards to tornus ; a terminal series, the spots 
below veins 4 and 2 larger. Hind wing semihy aline white, the 
inner half orange with black patch on tornal lobe, which is 
large. 

Ab. 1. trehula. Uniformly tinged with yellow. — Guatemala. 
$ . Abdomen with the dorsal spots much larger, the terminal half 
of ventral surface black ; fore wing with two spots beyond lower 
angle of cell ; hind wing black, with orange spots on costal area, in 
cell, and on termen. 

Hah, Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo)^ 2 c5' , Coatepec (Brools), 1 c5" , 1 $ , 
Tabasco (H. H. Smith), 1 S ; Guatemala (Ohampion), ^ cS type 
trehula, Godman-Salvin Coll. Exp., (S 44, $ 62 millim. 

2b2 



372 ARCIIADJE. 

1913. Ecpantheria decora. 

Ecpantheria decora, Wlk. iii. 693 (1855) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. i. 

p. 97, pi. 10. f. 6 (1884) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria cyaneicornis, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. vi. p. 314 (1867) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 217. 
Ecpantheria haitensis, Obertb. Et. Ent. vi. p. 109, pi. 15. ff. 5, 7 (1881). 

S . Head and thorax white ; palpi ahove, sides of f rons, and a bar 
above it blue-black ; antennae black ; tegulse, patagia, pro- and 
metathorax with small paired annuli, mesothorax with dorsal an- 
nulus ; fore coxse, femora above, hind tibi&e, and the tarsi black, fore 
and mid tibisB with annulate marks ; abdomen orange, the 1 st 
segment brown and white, subdorsal blue-black bars conjoined 
by white lines on dorsum, the anal tuft white with medial and 
lateral stripes, a lateral series of black spots, the ventral surface 
white with ventral series of black points. Pore wing with 
black-edged subbasal spots on costa and below cell, antemedial, 
medial, postmedial, and subterminal series of spots, the spots on 
costa rather triangular, the antemedial series curved, the medial 
series with small spot at upper angle of cell and elongate spot at 
lower angle with some metallic blue on them, the postmedial and 
subterminal series excurved at vein 5 ; a terminal series of small 
spots, those below apex and above veins 5 and 1 reduced to points. 
Hind wing white, with blue-black fascia on inner area and patch on 
tornal lobe, which is large ; underside with triangular black medial 
and postmedial spots on costa and small spots at base and discoidal 
hmule. 

5 . Fore wing with the series of spots larger ; hind wing with 
four small annuli beyond lower angle of cell ; some small subter- 
minal ocelli on costal half and four larger ones towards tornus; 
four small spots on termen between vein 3 and apex. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa {Hoege), 1 S , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Cuba ; 
Haiti (Tiveedie), 1 J type. Exp., c? 54, $ 62 millim. 

1914. Ecpantheria persola. 

Ecpantheria persola, Moschl. Abb. Senck. Ges. xiv. p. 33, f. 15 (1886) • Kirby 
Cat. Het. p. 217. ^' 

S . Head and thorax white ; palpi and frons blue-black, the 
former white below ; antennae black ; mesothorax with a pair fol- 
lowed by a single blue-black spot, metathorax with a pair of larger 
spots ; pectus and fore coxae with blue- black patches ; legs banded 
with blue-black, the tarsi black with white spots ; abdomen yellow 
with black at base and sides and on dorsum from 3rd to terminal 
segment, a ventral series of small spots. Fore wing white, with 
blue-black subbasal spots on costa and below cell ; an antemedial 
series angled on median nervure, the spot on costa larger and a pair 
of points above vein 1 ; a medial series with bar-shaped spot from 
costa and wedge-shaped spot in lower angle of cell, the series then 
oblique ; a spot beyond discocellulars ; a postmedial series with 



ECPANTHEEIA. 373 

large irregular spots on costa, excurved between veins 5 and 3, then 
incurved ; a subterminal scries oblique from costa to vein (>, the 
spot above vein 5 elongate and no spot above vein 3 ; a terminal 
series, the spots above veins 1 and larger. Hind wing orange- 
yellow ; a blackish spot above end of cell, an elongate spot in lower 
angle and two points bej^ond the angle ; two postmedial spots in 
submedian interspace and an obscure mark on inner margin near 
base ; an oblique series of four spots from below costa near apex to 
above vein 4 near termen ; a terminal series of spots with a bar above 
them at vein 2 ; the tornus slightly produced. 

2 . Tegulae and patagia sometimes with spots ; abdomen with 
paired dorsal bars or dorsal bands. Fore wing with the spots 
larger, but varying much in size and with fewer or extra spots in 
the series. Hind wing with the spots larger ; the interspaces from 
above vein 5 to submedian fold more or less filled by black streaks. 
Hab. Jamaica, Cinchona (W. Faiucett), 1 $ , St. Ann {F. O. 
Martijn), 1 $ . Exp., S QQ, $ 96 millim. 

1915. Ecpantheria gaujoni. 

Ecpantheria gaujoni, Doguin, Le Nat. 1889, p. 210; id. Lep. Loja, p. 50, 
pi. 4. ff. 11, 12 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 217. 

J . Head and thorax white ; palpi above and frons blue-black ; 
antennae black ; patches on tegulae, patagia, and stripes on thorax 
irrorated with black, and edged by fine black lines ; legs banded 
with black ; abdomen blue-black with lateral orange stripes, the 
ventral surface white. Eore wing white, strongly irrorated with 
fuscous, the area from near base to termen between subcostal 
nervure and vein 1 hyaline ; five black-edged spots on costa and 
two on middle of inner margin. Hind wing hyaline white, with a 
few grey scales on inner area ; underside with the costa white with 
three black spots on it ; the tornal lobe slightly developed. 

$ . Fore wing white, thickly irrorated with fuscous throughout ; 
a dark discoidal lunule ; hind wing semihy aline white, suff'used 
with fuscous; an obscure waved white subterminal line from costa to 
vein 2, with a black terminal line beyond it, thenl)ecoraing terminal. 

Hah. EcuADOE, Loja, 1 (5^ , 1 $ . Ex]).^ S £0, $ 64 millim. 

1916. Ecpantheria cincelini. 

Ecpantheria kinJcelini, Burm. Descr. Rep. Arg. v., Atlas, p. 59 (18S0) ; 
Oberth. Et -Ent. vi. p. 110, pi. 18. ff. 1, 6 (1881) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 216. 

S . Head black, the vertex pinkish white ; tegulae and patagia 
black, irrorated with grey and edged with pinkish white ; thorax 
pinkish white, two pairs of conjoined grey -irrorated black patches ; 
pectus and legs pinkish white, the former with black stripes, the 
latter with black bands on tibiae ; the tarsi black with white points ; 
abdomen black irrorated with grey, a dorsal orange stripe on 
segments 4, 5, 6, and a maculate lateral stripe, the last segment 
edged with white, the ventral surface white with sublateral and 
ventral series of black spots. Fore wing pinkish white, with series 



374 AECTIAD^. 

of black-edged grey spots ; a spot at base ; a curved maculate 
subbasal band from costa to vein 1 ; an antemedial maculate band 
angled on median nervure, then oblique ; a medial series with 
elongate spot in lower end of cell, the two spots above inner margin 
large or each bifid ; some irregular marks beyond the discocellulars ; 
a postmedial irregular series from costa to submedian fold, the 
spots above veins 3, 4, and 6 displaced outwards ; a subterminal 
series, with the spot above vein 5 elongate, and the one below it 
somewhat triangular ; a subterminal series, with the spots above 
veins 5, 6, 7 elongate ; the terminal area sparsely scaled from costa 
to vein 2. Hind wing white, with more or less black suffusion 
on inner area ; a blackish spot in cell and one at each angle ; two 
points below costa near apex, and points on termen above and below 
vein 6 ; a subterminal series of spots, with the spot on vein 5 large ; 
a spot on tornal lobe ; the terminal and subterminal spots may be 
partly or entirely absent, excei>t the spot on tornal lobe, which 
is slightly produced. 

Hah. Eeazil, Sao Paulo, Castro Parana, 1 S . Eccp. 60 millim. 

1917. Ecpantheria peruvensis, n. sp. (Plate LI. fig. 10.) 

S . Head and thorax white, tinged with pink ; frons and 
antennae blue-black ; tegulse, patagia, pro- meso- and metathorax 
with black-edged grey spots ; the fore coxse, fore femora above, 
bands on fere and mid tibiae, the fore tarsi and bands on mid and 
hind tarsi, and below shoulders blue-black ; abdomen dorsally 
orange, with the base clothed with black and white hair, the otlier 
segments with black-edged grey-irrorated blue bands, the terminal 
segment with a similar patch, lateral black lines, the ventral 
surface white with sublateral and ventral series of black and grey 
spots. Fore wing white tinged with pink, the area from end of cell 
to termen at apex and tornus hyaline ; a small grey and black spot 
at base ; subbasal black-edged grey spots on costa and below cell ; 
a curved antemedial series of four spots ; an oblique medial series 
of six spots ; a postmedial spot on costa and four between vein 3 
and inner margin ; subterminal spots on costa and inner margin, 
and a terminal series of striae. Hind wing hyaline ; the inner area 
white, with black patch from near base to beyond middle, and black 
patch on tornal lobe. 

Hah. Peeu, R. Linimbare, Legrario, 1200 feet (Simons), 1 cJ 
type. Ecej). 72 millim. 

1918. Ecpantheria deflorata. 

Bomhyx deflorata, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 582 (1775) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 907. 
Nodua scrihonia, Stoll, Suppl. Cram. v. pi. 41. f. 3 (1790) ; Eiley, Kep. 

Ins. Missouri, iv. p. 141, ff. 63, 64 ; Stretch, Zyg. & Bomb. N. Am. 

p. 174, pi. 7. ff. 20, 21. 
ThalcBna oculatissima, Abbot & Smith, Lep. Georg. ii. pi. 69 (1797) ; Dudc. 

Nat. Libr., Exot. Moths, v. p. 169, pi. 20. f. 4; Obertb. Et. Ent. vi. p. 110, 

pi. 17. f. 5. 
Bomhyx chryseis, Oliv. Enc. Meth. v. p. 58 (1790). 



ECPANTIIETIIA. 375 

Bomhyx cunegimda, Beauv. Ins.^Afr. Am, pi. 22. f. 4 (1824), nee StoU. 
Eepantheria confluens, Oberth. Ef,. Ent. vi. p. 110, pi. 17. f. 3 (1881). 
Ecpantheria denudata, Sloss. Ent, Am. iii, p, 212 (1888), 

(S . Head and thorax white ; palpi and frons metallic blue ; 
antennae black ; tegnlce and patagia with blue-black spots, some- 
times filled in with white ; pro- meso- and metathorax with paired 
metallic-blue spots ; pectus metallic blue at sides ; legs white 
banded with metallic blue ; abdomen metallic blue above, the base 
brown, dorsal and lateral series of orange spots sometimes connected 
by slight segmental lines, the ventral surface white with sublateral 
and ventral series of blue-black points. Fore wing white, with 
subbasal, anteracdial, medial, postmedial, subterminal, and terminal 
series of blue -black annuli ; an elongate spot in lower end of cell, a 
spot just be3'ond discocellulars, and often two beyond lower angle. 
Hind wing white ; some blackish hair on middle of inner area, and 
a spot or streak on the tornal lobe, which is large ; often a dis- 
coidal point and some on termen towards apex and tornus. 

Ab. 1. confiuens. Pore wing with the antemedial and medial 
series of annuli conjoined, those in cell forming elongate streaks. 

Ab. 2. denudata. Hind wing with the area beyond end of cell 
hyaline. 

Hah. U.S.A., 2 c^ , 2 5 , New York, 1^,1$, Texas, 1 6 , 
Georgia, 1 $ . Fxp., S 70, $ 82 millim. 

Egg. Dyar, Can, Ent. xxiii. p. 106 (1891) ; Pack. Ann. N, Y, Acad. Sci. viii. 
p. 81 (1893), 

Nearly spherical, flattened at base, minutely punctured ; yellowish 
pearly grey : diam. '8 mm. 

Stage 1. Head light brown, paler in front ; ocelli large, black ; 
body whitish, somites 4, 5, 8, 9, 10 brownish ; warts concolorous ; 
bristles black. 

Stage 2. Mouth-parts brown ; body whitish tinged with reddish- 
brown ; warts i., ii. on somites 4, 5 and 8-10 black ; hair black. 

Stage 3. Head semitransparent brownish ; maxillae reddish ; 
cervical shield and legs black ; body reddish brown, the dorsal 
warts on somite 3 and somites 4, 5 and 7-10 in the subdorsal area 
black ; a white dorsal line ; bristles spiny, black. 

Stage 4. Head brownish, mouth pale ; body reddish orange, with 
a paler dorsal line ; somites 4, 5 and 8-10 black, the latter on 
subdorsal area only ; most of the warts black. 

Stages 5-7. Head brown, blackish in front ; ocelli and inner side 
of jaws black ; labrum and antennae pinkish ; body black, with 
vermilion bands ; a faint dorsal line. 

Stage 8. Head brownish black, with pale line in suture on vertex 
and pale lateral spots ; labrum and antennae pinkish ; jaws brown ; 
cervical shield with pale line ; body velvety black, with vermilion 
bands between the somites, except thoracic segments ; spiracles 
dark orange ; bristles spiny, sharp, black : length 85-95 mm. 

Food-plants very various, principally Eupliorhia cyathopliora and 
Micinus communis. 

Cocoon. A thin network of yellowish silk. 



376 AECTIADJi;. 

Subsp. quiiensis, Oberth. Et. Ent. yI. p. 110, pi. 17. ff. 1, 2 (1881) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. p. 216. 
Ecpantheria quiiensis, ab. confluens, Oberth, Et. Ent. vi. pi. 17. f. 3 (1881). 

Abdomen with hardly a trace of dorsal orange spots ; the spots 
of thorax filled in with black and also those of fore wing in female. 
Bab. EcuADOE, Quito, types t (5* $ in Coll. Oberthiir. 

1919. Ecpantheria abdominalis. 

Ecpantheria abdominalis, Wlk. xxxi. 300 (1864) ; Kii-by, Cat. Het. p. 216. 
Ecpantheria proxima, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 108, pi. 15. f. 9 (1881) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria detecta, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 109, pi. 15. f. 8 (1881) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria detectiva, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. pi. xvii. f. 4 (1881) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 216. 
Ecpantheria annexa, Oberth, Et. Ent. vi. p. 108, pi. xiv. f. 4 (1881) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria aramis, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 110, pi. xviii. ff. 2, 3 (1881) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 216. 

(S . Head and thorax white ; palpi above, frons, and antennse 
black ; tegulse, patagia, pro- meso- and metathorax with black 
annuli filled in with greyish ; legs with the fore coxae, ends of 
femora, and tarsi blue-black ; abdomen blue-black, strongly irrorated 
with white scales, the hair on dorsum brown and grey, some dorsal 
orange spots and lateral stripes, the ventral surface white with 
sublateral and ventral series of black points. Fore wing white, the 
area from end of cell to termen somewhat hyaline ; subbasal, ante- 
medial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal series of black-edged 
greyish annuli, the first three angled on median nervure, the last 
two bent outwards at vein 5, and the last Avith the spot above 
vein 5 elongate ; a terminal series of small black and grey spots. 
Hind wing semihy aline white ; a blackish streak on inner area and 
spot on tornal lobe, which is moderately produced ; some subterminal 
and terminal black points towards apex ; underside with ante- and 
postmedial bifid spots on costa. 

Ab. 1. detecta. Hind wing wholly white ; abdomen with pair 
of orange spots on 3rd segment and irregular dorsal fascia on medial 
segments with dark spots on it. 

2 . Abdomen with more white irroration on the dark area, 
a dorsal yellow maculate fascia except at base and extremity, the 
sublateral and ventral spots in the form of black-edged grey annuli. 
Pore wing with no hyaline area ; the series of spots much larger ; 
a lunule beyond discocellulars and two spots beyond lower angle 
of cell ; the subterminal series of spots with their outer half fuscous. 
Hind wiug with fuscous spots in and just beyond the cell, the whole 
area below the cell fuscous, coalescing with the subterminal series 
of large conjoined spots ; three small spots on termen between 
veins 3 and 6. 

JIab. Beazil, Para, Minas Geraes, Eio Janeiro, 1 (5' , 1 $ type. 
&p., c? 60, 2 '7^ millim. Types t (S proxima, annexa, detectiva, 
2 aramis in Coll. Oberthiir ; both specimens figured as aramis being 
females. 



ECrANTHERIA. O/ / 

1920. Ecpantheria alpha. 

Ecpantheria alpha, Obertb. Et. Ent. vi. p. 108, pi. xiv. f. 2 (1881) ; Ivirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria orbiculata, Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Ilet. ii. p. 376 (nee 

Obertb.). 

(S . Head and thorax white ; palpi above, frons, and antenna) 
black ; tegula), patagia, and thorax with black-edged irregular 
annnli, two blue spots on metathorax ; fore femora above, tibia) at 
base and extremity, and tarsi blue-black ; abdomen blue-black, the 
hair on base of dorsum black-brown, dorsal and lateral series of 
orange spots, the extremity and ventral surface white, with sub- 
lateral and ventral series of black spots. Fore wing white, with 
subbasal, antemedial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal series 
of black-edged annulate spots, the first two angled on median 
nervure, the last two bent outwards at vein 5, the last with 
the spot above vein 5 elongate ; the spots on costa sometimes 
filled in with black ; a black lunule beyond discocellulars ; 
a small terminal series of black spots. Hind wing semihyaline 
white ; a black-brown fascia on inner area and tornal lobe, which is 
well developed ; a discoidal point and a subterminal point above 
vein 4, an oblique streak above and below vein 2 ; four spots on 
termen towards apex ; underside with ante- and postmedial spots 
on costa. 

Ab. 1. Thorax with the ocellate spots reduced on tegulse to 
points ; abdomen with dorsal orange lines on 3rd and 5th segments 
instead of the series of spots. 

$ . Abdomen with the extremity black ; fore wing with the 
spots larger, two spots beyond lower angle of cell ; hind wing with 
the cell and area below and just beyond lower angle fuscous black ; 
a subterminal series of spots with whitish centres, except on costal 
area. 

Hah. Mexico, Jalapa (Trujillo), 2 c? > 1 $ , Godman-Salvin Coll, 
Kvj)., (S Q2, 2 88 millim. 

*1921. Ecpantheria albicornis. 

Ecpantheria albicornis, Grote, Proc. Ent. Soc. Philad. v. p. 239, pi. 4. f. 4 
(1865) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 215. 

White ; palpi and frons blackish ; antennae white above ; tegulae, 
patagia, pro- meso- and metathorax with brown annuli ; pectus 
white and brown ; legs white, the femora, tibiae, and tarsi with 
brown spots; abdomen blue-black with some brown and white hair at 
base, the subbasal and medial segments with narrow orange anterior 
bands, sometimes reduced to obscure dorsal spots, the ventral surface 
white with some brown scales. Fore wing with six series of small 
brown annuli, the subbasal angled at median nervure, the ante- 
medial curved, the medial angled at lower angle of cell and followed 
by a black spot beyond upper angle of cell, the postmedial angled 
below vein 5. Hind wing thinly scaled ; some prominent annulate 
marks on costa and less distinct marks in cell and on discocellulars ; 



378 AECTIAD^. 

a postmedial series of small spots angled at vein 4, then incurved, 
a curved subterminal series of annuli and a terminal series between 
veins 7 and 3 ; male sometimes with the marks obsolete except on 
costa and termen ; the tornus slightly produced. 

Hah. Cuba. Exp.^ cS 40, $ 50 millim. This species is unknown 
to me. 



1 922. Ecpantheria ocularia. 

Bomhyx ocularia, Fabr. Syst. Ent. p. 564 (1775) ; Xirby, Cat. Het, p. 216 

(part). 
Ecpantheria cyaneator, Wlk. xxxi.,299 (1864) ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria columhina, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 110, pi. 16. fF. 3, 4, 7 

(1881). 
Ecpantheria distans, Oberth. Et. Eut. vi. pi. 17. f. 6 (1881) ; Kirby, Cat. 

Het. p. 216. 

S . Head and thorax white ; palpi, frons, and antennae blue-black ; 
neck yellow ; tegulae, patagia, and thorax with paired black-edged 
annulate marks sometimes with greyish centres ; metathorax with 
pair of blue-black points ; pectus at sides and bands on legs blue- 
black ; abdomen black, shot with brilliant blue, sometimes with 
slight orange dorsal segmental lines, lateral series of oblique orange 
striae, the anal tuft and ventral surface white, with sublateral and 
ventral series of black points. Fore wing white, the area from end 
of cell to apex and tornus hyaline with short black streaks on the 
veins ; large subbasal black-edged greyish spots on costa and below 
the cell ; antemedial and medial curved series of similar spots and 
postmedial and subterminal spots on costal and inner areas ; cilia 
with black striae. Hind wing hyaline, the costal and inner areas 
white ; three black-edged greyish annuli on costa and usually a 
black spot on tornal lobe, which is moderately developed. 

2 . Thorax with the blue spots replaced by ocellate spots. Fore 
wing without the hyaline area; a black-edged discoidal lunule, the 
postmedial and subterminal series of spots complete, the former 
bent outwards at vein 5, the latter with wedge-shaped spot above 
vein 5 ; a terminal series of annuli, the spots above veins 5 and 6 
elongate and irregular. Hind wing white, with diffused black fasciae 
in and below cell and on inner area, a subterminal series of greyish 
black-edged annuli larger towards tornus, six black spots on 
termen between veins 2 and 7. 

Ab. 1. S • Mesothorax with blue between the annuli; fore wing 
with slight traces of the hyaline area ; the series of spots smaller, 
complete postmedial, subterminal, and terminal series. 

5 . Abdomen with dorsal series of orange points ; fore wing with 
the series of spots reduced ; hind wing with the fuscous streaks 
below the cell and on inner area much reduced. 

Hah. Colombia, Bogota (Stevens), 1 c? , 2 $ type cyaneator, {Buck- 
ley) 1 $ . Eccp., d 66, $ 86 millim. Type f $ distans in Coll. 
Oberthiir. 



ECPANTHERIA. 



379 



*1923. Ecpantheria robusta. 

Ecpantheria robusfa, Dognin, Lep. Loja, p. 50, pi. 4. f. 10 (1801) ; Kirby, 
Cat. Het. pp. 215, 907. 

J . Head and thorax white ; palpi and frons blue, the latter 
white below ; antennae blue-black ; tegulae, patagia, and pro- and 
mesothorax with large, paired, black-edged marks ; metathorax 
with black-edged blue spots ; legs white spotted with black, the 
tarsi black ; fore coxae blue ; abdomen with the first two segments 
black edged with blue, the other segments brilliant blue with 
dorsal orange bands except towards extremity and oblique lateral 
marks, the anal tuft white, the ventral surface white with series 
of black spots. Pore wing white, with the area from middle of cell 
to apex and tornus hyaline ; black and blue marks at base ; subbasal 
black-edged wedge-shaped marks on costa and below cell; an ante- 
medial series of lunules, the one in cell small ; two pairs of medial 
lunules on inner area ; medial and postmedial black spots on costa 
and a short streak on inner margin near tornus. Hind wing hyaline, 
the inner area below vein 2 white with a diffused black fascia on it 
joined by a patch below origin of vein 2 ; a patch on lobe at tornus, 
which is slightly produced. 

Hab. EcuADOK, Loja. E.vp. 76 millim. Type f in Coll. Dognin. 

1924. Ecpantheria caudata. 

Ecpantheria caudata, Wlk. iii. 689 (1855) ; Druce, Biol. Centr.-Am., Het. 

i. p. 96 ; Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria bolivar, Obertb. Et. Ent. vi. p. 107, pi. 13. f. 1 (1881) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 214. 
Ecpantheria mexicana, Oberth. Et. Ent. \^i. p. 109, pi. 15. ff. 1, 3 (1881). 

S . Head and thorax white ; palpi above, at sides, and a bar above 
frons blue-black ; antennae black ; tegulae, patagia, and thorax with 
black-edged annulate spots; legs banded with black; abdomen blue- 
black with brown and white hair at base, a dorsal series of more or 
less developed orange bands often conjoined to the lateral fascia, 
ventral surface white. Fore wing white, the area from origin of 
vein 2 to termen, on which it extends from apex to tornus, hyaline ; 
subbasal black-edged annulate spots on costa and below cell, a curved 
antemedial series and medial, postmedial, and subterminal series 
interrupted on the hyaline area ; cilia chequered black and white. 
Hind wing hyaline, the inner area white ; the tornal lobe well- 
developed. 

$ . Abdomen with dorsal series of orange spots and sublateral and 
ventral series of black spots ending in streaks. Pore wing without 
the hyaline area, the series of spots complete, three small spots 
beyond the cell and a terminal series. Hind wing white, with, 
blackish streak on inner area and spot on lobe, terminal black spots 
from apex to below vein 3 and a subterminal spot below vein 2. 
Hah. Mexico, 1 S type {Hoege),! $, Coatepec (Brooks), 1 d 'y 



380 



AECTIAD^. 



Costa Rica {Underwood)^ 2 S ; Hondueas {Blancaneaux)^ 1 c? ; 
Nicaragua (Belt), 1 c? , Godman-Salvin Coll. ; Colombia, 1 cS . 
Ua:^., (S bQ, 2 86 millim. 

1925. Ecpantheria cunigunda. 

Bomhyx cunigunda, Stoll, Pap. Exot. iv. pi. 344, D, E (1781) ; Kirbj, Cat. 

Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria ganglio, Obertli. Et. Ent. m'i. p. 107, pi. 13. f. 5 (1881) ; Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria cayennensis, Oberth. Et.Ent. vi. p. 107, pi. 14. ff. 1, 3 (1881) ; 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria cayennensis, var. decipiens, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. pi. 15. f. 6 

(1881). 

c^' . Head and thorax white ; palpi above, a spot on frons, and 
antennae black ; tegulse, patagia, pro- meso- and metathorax, and 
legs with annulate black marks ; abdomen orange with the 1st 
segment brown, dorsal blue-black bands conjoined by subdorsal 
expansions enclosing dorsal orange spots, lateral blue-black fasciae, 
the ventral surface white with small sublateral black annuli on 
terminal segments, anal tuft white, i'ore wing white, with black- 
edged subbasal annuli on costa and below cell ; antemedial, medial, 
postmedial, and subterminal series of annuli, the spots towards costa 
tilled in with black, the postmedial series bent outwards below vein 
5 ; a lunule just beyond discocellulars ; a terminal series of small 
spots. Hind wing white, with fuscous streak on vein 1 and spot 
on tornal lobe, which is well developed. 

2 ' Abdomen with the dorsal bands not conjoined, streaks on 
subterminal segment uniting in a patch on terminal. JFore wing 
with the spots larger, annulate towards costa and on termen, two 
spots beyond lower angle of cell. Hind wing with black-edged 
greyish medial band from costa to median nervure, where it is con- 
joined to a streak in lower end of cell and discoidal lunule ; a post- 
medial spot on costa ; more or less developed black diffused markings 
on inner area ; typically some small spots beyond lower angle of cell 
and a subterminal series small towards costa or reduced to spots 
between vein 3 and tornus ; four small terminal spots between apex 
and vein 3. 

Ab. 1. decipiens. Abdomen with the dorsal bands reduced to 
subdorsal patches, the subterminal streaks reduced. 

Hah. Cayenne; Stjeinam; Beazil, Eio Janeiro, Eio Grande do 
Sul (Ihering), 1 $ , St. Catherina. Exp., d 50, $ 82 milHm. 

1926. Ecpantheria bari. 

Ecpantheria bari, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 108, pi. 14. f. 5 (1881); Kirby, 

Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria orbiculata, Oberth. ]6t. Ent. vi. p. 108, pi. 14. f. 7 (1881); 

Kirby, Cat. Het. p. 215. 
Ecpantheria dubiosa, Oberth. Et. Ent. vi. p. 108, pi. 14. f. 6 (1881) ; Kirby 

Cat. Het. p. 215. 

cJ . Head and thorax white ; palpi above, sides of frons, and a 



ECPANTHERIA.. 381 

band above it; black ; tegula), patagia, pro- meso- and metathorax 
with black-edged greyish patches ; legs with bluish-tinged brown 
patches ; abdomen blue-black, strongly irrorated with white scaler, 
the hair at base brown and white, dorsal yellow spots on medial 
segments and a lateral series, the extremity and ventral surface 
white, some sublateral and ventral dark spots. Fore wing white, 
the area between end of cell and termen semihyaline ; subbasal, 
antemedial, medial, postmedial, and subterminal series of greyish 
black-edged annuli, the spots on costa filled in with black, and the 
two last series smaller ; a terminal series of small black spots. 
Hind wing semihyaline white, with blackish fascia on inner area 
and spot on tornal lobe, which is large ; underside with ante- and 
postmedial spots on costa. 

2 . Abdomen sometimes with the orange spots expanding laterally 
into dorsal bands. Fore wing without the semihyaline area ; the 
spots much larger, the spots on costa not filled in with black ; the 
subterminal spots large, elongate towards costa, and conjoined in 
places to the terminal series of large spots. Hind wing with some 
fuscous below end of cell and spots in and beyond the cell, a sub- 
terminal series of spots, large towards tornus, and the four below 
costa with spots beyond them on termen. 

Ab. 1. duhiosa. Hind wing with the whole inner area fuscous, 
extending into the cell, the subterminal spots filled in with fuscous. 

Hah. Cayenne, type f $ hari in Coll. Oberthiir ; Brazil, Eio 
Janeiro (DoJirn), 2 c? , 3 $ . E.%y., d 64, 2 '^^ miUim. 

*1927. Ecpantheria orsa. 

Noctua orsa, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. pi. 143, F (1777) ; Kii'by, Cat. Het. 
p. 215. 

c? . White ; antennae blackish ; tegulse, patagia, and thorax with 
brown annuli, the tegulse orange in front ; abdomen orange with 
blackish bands, the last two segments with the ground-colour white. 
Fore wing with subbasal brown- edged annulus on costa and two 
obliquely placed on inner area ; an antemedial annulus on costa 
filled in with brown and three annuli on inner area; three conjoined 
annuli filled in with brown on discocellulars, with a short streak on 
costa above them, and four annuli below end of cell ; a short post- 
medial streak on costa, and a curved series of six annuli between 
veins 6 and 1 ; three subterminal annuli between costa and vein 4 and 
three points between vein 3 and inner margin ; a series of points 
on termen. Hind wing with a dark streak on inner margin ; the 
tornus moderately produced. 

Hah. Surinam. Exy. 50 millim. This species is un